ROXANA PEREZ-ANTONIO Architecture Portfolio
Architecture is an extension of the human body which is interconnected with its environment. Also, technology is an extension of our identities through space and time because we are dispersed in the building, the city, and around the globe by data and media networks. Architecture to me is the formula composed of the creation of technology, innovation in materials, and the imagination of man. The perpetual development of technology changes what architecture becomes. It gives us the opportunity to speculate on the future of design, robotics, and fabrication. Manâ€™s nature is to imagine the fantastic and technology helps us bring it to digital and physical realities. The tension between the contemporary framework and artificial intelligences should lead for interactive architecture to be reimagined. The following projects explore various methodologies for the generation of architectural formal systems and dynamic spaces.
â€œI do not think there is any thrill that can go through the human heart like that felt by the inventor as he sees some creation of the brain unfolding to success. Such emotions make a man forget food, sleep, friends, love, everything.â€? -
ACCRETED ATHLETIC CENTER
DUALIQUIFIED CYBERNETICS MUSEUM/MACHINE Mediaworlds: Architecture as Interactive Media Studio 2018 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Peitong Zhang and Yu Zhang Since the conception of the word cyborg in 1960, the cybernetic organism is defined as a living creature enhanced by computer controlled systems. The design of the Museum/Machine is informed by linkages and overlaps between the body and the machine in contemporary culture and architecture. Architecture will sense, change, and transform itself. This proposal acknowledges the machine as an extension of the body and was envisioned through the tension between technology and the arts. This tension of machine desires for a growing system of organization and the artistic expression through different mediums manifests through the design of a building as a composition of clusters which are located throughout an elevated main volume. There is a duality between permanent exhibition and mediatheque as well as between a cluster of voluptuous volumes and the sinuous continuity of the veil. The project is based on this duality of experience since users occupy the interstitial space between nested volumes and displace in real and digital atmospheres. When navigating through a central ramp, a user can interact with the vortex which holds an archive of digital art. This machine filters data based on parameters set by the curator. By touching spheres the user can access art specifically curated. The veil is a fiber optic interactive surface that delivers content related to the demands of the individual. Also proprioceptive responsive by behaving opaque or translucent so mixing digital program and architectural program.
Formal system and VR scene of virtual museum archive
1:200 laser cut styrene and 3D printed model of Museum/Machine in Los Angeles
Section shows proprioceptive responsive veil Africa 1700s
1700s African sculpture
Sculpture 1700s Africa
Virtual Reality Archive
1700s African and European sculpture
Duality between exhibition and mediatheque spaces
Circle Packing for Augmented Reality Archive Representation
Veil with circle packing
Roof Garden Open Theatre
Archive Exhibition Gallery
Main Mediatheque Atrium
Gallery Space Plan
SOUNDCLOUD KIOSK Telepresence: The Architectural Subject in the Digital and Physical Studio 2018 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Qianqian Song and Shiyi Xin The streaming music platform SoundCloud was analyzed in terms of the social media interaction and exchange of information/sounds that takes place. Users of the designed interactive space have the ability to visualize music using Augmented Reality. They can create sounds by interacting with Mixed Reality tools and be present in Virtual Reality concerts through their avatars. Therefore, the physical environment is enhanced by augmented, virtual, and mixed reality environments to construct a cohesive reality. The resulting architectural system is a three-dimensional experience of Soundcloud.
Search music by type
Listen to playlist
Like, comment, share music
Recommended songs based on listening history
Upload own songs
Communicate with followers
Communicate with friends
Full-Scale SoundCloud Kiosk at UCLA A.UD IDEAS campus in Los Angeles
Function: Standing, create music, control songs playing User interface: pressing panels on surface to make songs
Space Function: Lie down and listen to music User interface: Control over visualization and surface transformation
Function: Sitting, attending concert with other people in VR User interface: interaction with others online
Physical and digital spatial experience
Listeners join concerts and interact with others virtually
Musicians interact with different kinds of instrument sounds
Drum head AUGMENTED REALITY Listener interacts with surface transformations and controls visualization effects Liquid
ROLLING CITY Visionworlds: Constructing Reality in the Digital and Physical Studio 2017 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Shiyi Xin The proposed formal system is based on the relationship between material science and nature. This system was envisioned to be intelligent and able to transform and adapt to its context. In the case, of a catastrophic event, the architecture would repair itself and shelter humans. Similarly to how natural organisms are capable of responding to changes in the environment by re generating, so would the skin of the city. Creating an atmosphere of change when the environment around has become polluted, Rolling City utilizes technology and a plasticity system which reacts to environmental changes by rolling to a different location. The conceptual design consists of an inflatable structure with spikes that allow its movement. Also, the spikes of the globular form extend towards the ground to hold the structure upright. In an inhospitable landscape with polluted air, citizens cohabitant in a mechanized city that is designed for survival. The process of designing the system for the Rolling City was done using Virtual Reality to propose new ways of living inside a large scale mobile environment. This formal logic of plasticity is characterized by the ability to morph as a result of its material properties. The design consists of a soft continuous exterior and a shape morphing mechanism, requiring compressed air to adjust its form. For this prototype, silicon is used because of its flexibility as a material that can deform to adapt and respond to human presence by inflating. This inflation causes the model to interact with the human by bending in the direction of his or her hand. The design of the motion of the pneumatic network actuator is done by choosing silicone thicknesses that bend in a specific direction. This artificial muscles control shape change. Adjustments in the pressure inside a series of chambers control contraction and expansion. Therefore, these chambers inflate when pressurized, creating motion. 14
s ayer Ball nel e K r
solar energy Carbon capture
Air Pollution N
contamination puts human health at risk
Heat pipe liquid
Land Tension population density puts excessive stress
inside city CO2
Regeneration immobility problem during disasters
Produce out reconstruction after disaster
HETEROGENEOUS CENTRALITY Degree Project 2017 Instructor: Mark Ericson Although centrality is conventionally understood as an organizational principle for the production of singular forms as exemplified in the centrally planned churches of the Renaissance. Through the analysis of geometrical transformations at Guarino Guarini’s San Lorenzo Church (1669) in Turin, Italy, emerged an implication that the center is a key component to generation of not just singular forms, but also more complex aggregations of objects with centers. San Lorenzo’s plan is an epicyclic octagon while the section is composed of nested ellipsoids of revolution. While it is a centrally planned form, it is not a singular form. This thesis asserts that centrality can produce heterogeneous architectural space and form. Heterogeneity is achieved through a mechanism of aggregating and subtracting epicycles of ellipsoids of revolution and mapping spatial relationships between centers. The design of the astrophysics laboratory was produced by an epicyclic mechanism which uses the geometric construction of an ellipse. This elliptical profile determines the curvature of the surfaces and was applied in the formation of the interior and exterior experience. Thus, this system of spatial organization and formal expression creates an extension of the NASA Jet Propulsion Lab campus through geometric and spatial generation. Developed in relation to Guarini’s strategies of geometric construction, this formal methodology can generate heterogeneous form and space.
Centrally planned form with epicyclic octagonal arrangement and nested ellipsoids of revolution. Plan and section of S. Lorenzo church in Turin, Italy (1669). Norberg-Schultz, Christian. Baroque Architecture. Electa, 1979.
1/16” =1’-0” final model of astrophysics laboratory at NASA Jet Propulsion Lab campus
1. Plaza 2. Lobby 3. Office 4. Laboratory 5. Auditorium 6. Library 7. Conference Room 8. Coffee Bar 9. Restroom 10. Bridge 11. Exhibition 12. Obsevatory Room
Epicyclic mechanism generates plan
Centrality can produce heterogeneous form.
Methodology drawing of overlapping relationships and difference.
Displacing the centers of the nested ellipsoids of revolution.
Geometrical mechanism of epicycles.
The center is a key component to generation of aggregations of objects with centers.
TROPICAL TOWER Comprehensive Studio 2015 Instructor: Deborah Richmond The concept of permeability was conceived through the analysis of the local site conditions. Considering wind patterns and sun path, the orientation of the building embraces sustainability. It is the hot and humid climate that the design of the facade responds to in order to achieve comfort for guests. This skin system is light and ventilated similarly to a veranda and the tower becomes a positive addition to the urban fabric. Passive Environmental Systems Design The designed skin of the building responds to the humidity in the environment. Rainfall averages 70 inches in Panama City. Since it is near the equator the climate is almost the same year round. Temperature during a given day can be in the high 80s or low 90s. The skin and secondary structure maximize cross ventilation transforming the circulation areas into a veranda. The design of the towerâ€™s skin attempts to also provide shaded areas without blocking natural light to maintain energy efficiency. Envelope and Structural Systems Design 1. The envelope of the hotel is composed of triangulated and perforated panels that have a secondary structure that attaches to the primary structure of the building. 2. The panels are out of one tectonic unit and vary in scale to work with the program. All elevations are shaded from sun radiation all year round. 3. The public areas have a dense skin to provide comfort for the clients. On the other hand, the panels at the scale of the rooms, are thinner and deeper to provide natural light control and maximize natural ventilation. 4. In this steel system, five or more triangular units constructed with straight members whose ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes. Steel frame is composed of triangles because of the structural stability of that shape and design. 5. The principal loads on a multi-story building are those due to gravity and wind. These are applied at every floor level and on the faĂ§ade respectively. The structural frame transmits these from their point of application to the foundations. 6. Technology like digital fabrication allows us to identify each panel by a number to track its location on the building. 26
Tectonic system development
1/8” = 1’-0” laser cut wood model of Tropical Tower hotel in Panama City, Panama
Calle Republica de Chile
Calle 39 Este
55,000 sf Calle 38 Este
Location: Panama City Climate: Tropical Humid Summer shadows at 8:00am
Wall section shows materials assemblies
Prevailing winds from the northwest
glass line floor structure
primary steel structure
secondary skin steel structure skin
unit Permeable envelope system December 21 June 21 12:00 pm. 12:00 pm.
Tectonic expression of building skin
N-S section shows orientation relative to sun path
Ground floor plan shows lobby and amenities
Typical floor plan shows types of guest rooms
TUFTED WALL Form Finding Studio 2016 Instructor: Yasushi Ishida Collaborators: Cindy Rodriguez, Tiv Nguonkeat, and Daniel Ghattas The projectâ€™s primary focus was to investigate novel uses of flexible formwork for casting a thin shell structure in glass fiber reinforced concrete. Based on a method developed in previous rip-stop nylon manipulating experiments, we proposed a free-standing, perforated wall. These perforations create a light effect and also achieve a level of control over the thickness of the six foot high sectional wall. In addition, the CNC frame was designed specifically to control all four edges. The resulting imprinted texture of the fabric gives the finished wall its character. My role was to design the perforation pattern using Grasshopper and manage the fabrication process for the experiments and final wall.
Experiments with various ways of manipulating the fabric in order to give depth to the surface, thus achieving structural strength and aesthetically desirable textures. Techniques for manipulation included smocking and the resulting molds were cast.
Imprinted fabric texture
Full-Scale GFRC Tufted Wall at Woodbury University in Burbank.
Perforation pattern was designed using Grasshopper and 402 washers of sizes 3/4”, 1”, 1 1/2”, and 2” were used.
Designed CNC frame controlled all edges
Free standing wall composed of sections
Self supporting due to geometry
Fabric properties and behaviors - formwork process filling GFRC mix and demolding final structure
Sun path gives different light and shadow effects
ACCRETED ATHLETIC CENTER Site Relationships Studio 2014 Instructor: Curt Gambetta The design of the center is dictated by the geometry that resulted from manipulation of accreting topography. This concept of accretion over time was utilized to develop the plan and section of the project. Various paths of travel accomodate ADA. Regarding the local San Pedro salt marsh, areas were designed to emphasize the local flora and fauna where users can have a safe interaction with the environment. Situated in a dynamic location between the city and the sea, and placed in a spot with Cabrillo beach to the south and Salinas de San Pedro salt marsh to the north, the proposed athletic center emerges from the landscape. The concept of the design is derived from the geological definition of accretion, which include prisms and wedges that are created by natural phenomena and occur in a gradual manner as the sediments add to tectonic plates at a convergent boundary. Thus, accretion involves manipulation of the ground by accumulating mass. The masses are also conceived from friction forces as tectonic plates sliding past each other. Massing houses program and is imagined as accretion of sediment after hundreds of years. Placement of the spaces/structures takes into account location, elevation, and exposure to dynamic forces of daily cycles of tidal change and seasonal winds. Following an accretion of masses on the site, the stepped surfaces are pulled and pushed to create openings for natural light and ventilation. The proposal intends to construct a landscape and architecture that enhances the qualities of the salt marsh while establishing a connection between the people and the water. The idea is to create a context for sports and health. Routes of circulation are based on the elongated geometry and provide convenient access through the five zones of the site and transitions between the buildings. The facilities offer visitors various recreational activities like basketball, swimming and fishing. Also, the design augments the experience of enjoyment of the constructed landscape and more intense contact with the environment. The natural movement of the tide controls the environment surrounding the site. When the tide goes up, the pool gets invaded by the marsh and the exterior path gets submerged in the water. 36
Exterior ADA circulation plan
1/16” = 1’-0” laser cut landscape model of Accreted Athletic Center in Cabrillo Beach
Manipulated plan shows programmatic strategy and pathways
Long section from the south shows materiality and constructed landscape
SCALE 1 : 192 0
Cross sections show dynamic spaces
Study model with volumetric roof
Salinas de San Pedro Salt Marsh
Site plan shows relationship to the salt marsh
STEREOTOMIC MUSEUM Program and Space Studio 2013 Instructor: Mark Stanley The concept of carving out spaces is essential to this museum since it is inspired by the monolith and a system of many units making up a whole from the Pyramid of Giza. Also, the relationship of a void between solids attempts to harmonize irregular spaces inside with more regular surfaces outside. The proportional system brings rigor to the carved spaces and the sloping passages connecting the volumes of space allow for moving up gradually as well as transitioning from a compressed space to a loftier space. Therefore, the gallery for an artist transitions into another, blurring boundaries. The spaces were developed considering the Panza Collection which includes postwar American art. The visitor cannot avoid seeing the violence of the war reflect on the art. This is a space for transition since these works were the new beginning for California artists after the war.
Initial stereotomic spatial construct and assembly of volumes.
Plan and section
1/2” = 1’-0” museum board model for Stereotomic Museum in Los Angeles
MERGED ATHMOSPHERES Natural Tendencies Studio 2013 Instructor: Micah Rutenberg The concept to design this space is based on the physics definition of channeling which involves pulling and pushing forces. As one takes a walk along the edge of the LA river, all senses are channeled to appreciate the beauty that nature and human put together on this site and is pulled down the branching carved pathways that zig zag the slope. The path channels one into this space then through a small volume and then into a bigger volume that pulls one in and channels one to a particular view of the river. The space sits at the interface between the slope and the river with the program of creating an exploring environment of the river itself . This space on the river is also part of the river and therefore subject to its forces of repulsion and attraction. This proposal imagines the spaceâ€™s own cave like formation in the same way the river area is formed through repetitive pulling and pushing to generate volumes. The procedure allows for organization of movements and makes the space feel like a cave environment in light and shadow.
Channel Recipe 1) Pick an axis. 2) Pick two points on the axis. A beginning and an endpoint. 3) Develop a form connecting the points. 4) Generate geometry along the route. 5) Repeat to build a system.
Initial section studies
1/2” =1’-0” wood model of Merged Athmospheres at the LA River
Elevation of tectonic construct and section