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ROXANA PEREZ-ANTONIO Architecture Portfolio


Architecture is an extension of the human body which is interconnected with its environment. Also, technology is an extension of our identities through space and time because we are dispersed in the building, the city, and around the globe by data and media networks. Architecture to me is the formula composed of the creation of technology, innovation in materials, and the imagination of man. The perpetual development of technology changes what architecture becomes. It gives us the opportunity to speculate on the future of design, robotics, and fabrication. Man’s nature is to imagine the fantastic and technology helps us bring it to digital and physical realities. The tension between the contemporary framework and artificial intelligences should lead for interactive architecture to be reimagined. The following projects explore various methodologies for the generation of architectural formal systems and dynamic spaces.

“I do not think there is any thrill that can go through the human heart like that felt by the inventor as he sees some creation of the brain unfolding to success. Such emotions make a man forget food, sleep, friends, love, everything.� -

Nikola Tesla


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CONTENTS

DUALIQUIFIED CYBERNETICS

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SOUNDCLOUD KIOSK

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ROLLING CITY

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HETEROGENEOUS CENTRALITY

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TROPICAL TOWER

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TUFTED WALL

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ACCRETED ATHLETIC CENTER

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STEREOTOMIC MUSEUM

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MERGED ATMOSPHERES

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DUALIQUIFIED CYBERNETICS MUSEUM/MACHINE Mediaworlds: Architecture as Interactive Media Studio 2018 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Peitong Zhang and Yu Zhang Since the conception of the word cyborg in 1960, the cybernetic organism is defined as a living creature enhanced by computer controlled systems. The design of the Museum/Machine is informed by linkages and overlaps between the body and the machine in contemporary culture and architecture. Architecture will sense, change, and transform itself. This proposal acknowledges the machine as an extension of the body and was envisioned through the tension between technology and the arts. This tension of machine desires for a growing system of organization and the artistic expression through different mediums manifests through the design of a building as a composition of clusters which are located throughout an elevated main volume. There is a duality between permanent exhibition and mediatheque as well as between a cluster of voluptuous volumes and the sinuous continuity of the veil. The project is based on this duality of experience since users occupy the interstitial space between nested volumes and displace in real and digital atmospheres. When navigating through a central ramp, a user can interact with the vortex which holds an archive of digital art. This machine filters data based on parameters set by the curator. By touching spheres the user can access art specifically curated. The veil is a fiber optic interactive surface that delivers content related to the demands of the individual. Also proprioceptive responsive by behaving opaque or translucent so mixing digital program and architectural program.

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Formal system and VR scene of virtual museum archive


1:200 laser cut styrene and 3D printed model of Museum/Machine in Los Angeles

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Section shows proprioceptive responsive veil Africa 1700s

Sculpture

1700s African sculpture

Sculpture 1700s Africa

Europe

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Virtual Reality Archive

Europe

Europe

1700s African and European sculpture


Duality between exhibition and mediatheque spaces

VR

AR (users)

Circle Packing for Augmented Reality Archive Representation

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Lindbrook Dr.

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ndo

two Wes

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Ground Plan

Wilshire Blvd.


Veil with circle packing

Main Mediatheques

Roof Garden Open Theatre

Roof Plan

Archive Exhibition Gallery

Main Mediatheque Atrium

Gallery Space Plan

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SOUNDCLOUD KIOSK Telepresence: The Architectural Subject in the Digital and Physical Studio 2018 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Qianqian Song and Shiyi Xin The streaming music platform SoundCloud was analyzed in terms of the social media interaction and exchange of information/sounds that takes place. Users of the designed interactive space have the ability to visualize music using Augmented Reality. They can create sounds by interacting with Mixed Reality tools and be present in Virtual Reality concerts through their avatars. Therefore, the physical environment is enhanced by augmented, virtual, and mixed reality environments to construct a cohesive reality. The resulting architectural system is a three-dimensional experience of Soundcloud.

Search music by type

Listen to playlist

Like, comment, share music

Recommended songs based on listening history

Public listening

Private listening

Music Consumption

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Upload own songs

Edit profile

Create music

Communicate with followers

Create songs

Communicate with friends

Music Creation


Full-Scale SoundCloud Kiosk at UCLA A.UD IDEAS campus in Los Angeles

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MIXED REALITY

Function: Standing, create music, control songs playing User interface: pressing panels on surface to make songs

AUGMENTED REALITY

Space Function: Lie down and listen to music User interface: Control over visualization and surface transformation

VIRTUAL REALITY

Function: Sitting, attending concert with other people in VR User interface: interaction with others online

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Physical and digital spatial experience


VIRTUAL REALITY

MIXED REALITY

Listeners join concerts and interact with others virtually

Musicians interact with different kinds of instrument sounds

Piano keys

Violin string

Drum head AUGMENTED REALITY Listener interacts with surface transformations and controls visualization effects Liquid

Ripples

Waves

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ROLLING CITY Visionworlds: Constructing Reality in the Digital and Physical Studio 2017 Instructors: Guvenc Ozel and Benjamin Ennemoser Collaborators: Shiyi Xin The proposed formal system is based on the relationship between material science and nature. This system was envisioned to be intelligent and able to transform and adapt to its context. In the case, of a catastrophic event, the architecture would repair itself and shelter humans. Similarly to how natural organisms are capable of responding to changes in the environment by re generating, so would the skin of the city. Creating an atmosphere of change when the environment around has become polluted, Rolling City utilizes technology and a plasticity system which reacts to environmental changes by rolling to a different location. The conceptual design consists of an inflatable structure with spikes that allow its movement. Also, the spikes of the globular form extend towards the ground to hold the structure upright. In an inhospitable landscape with polluted air, citizens cohabitant in a mechanized city that is designed for survival. The process of designing the system for the Rolling City was done using Virtual Reality to propose new ways of living inside a large scale mobile environment. This formal logic of plasticity is characterized by the ability to morph as a result of its material properties. The design consists of a soft continuous exterior and a shape morphing mechanism, requiring compressed air to adjust its form. For this prototype, silicon is used because of its flexibility as a material that can deform to adapt and respond to human presence by inflating. This inflation causes the model to interact with the human by bending in the direction of his or her hand. The design of the motion of the pneumatic network actuator is done by choosing silicone thicknesses that bend in a specific direction. This artificial muscles control shape change. Adjustments in the pressure inside a series of chambers control contraction and expansion. Therefore, these chambers inflate when pressurized, creating motion. 14


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ones

Z City

s ayer Ball nel e K r

Bon

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ral N

Neu

kin

on S

Carb

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di Hol

solar energy Carbon capture

Air Pollution N

contamination puts human health at risk

W

Heat pipe liquid

Way

Technique

Motivation

Land Tension population density puts excessive stress

outside CO2

Place

Absorb in

E

inside city CO2

Disaster S

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Regeneration immobility problem during disasters

Produce out reconstruction after disaster

carbon skin


mold

chambers

combination

3d model

inflation

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HETEROGENEOUS CENTRALITY Degree Project 2017 Instructor: Mark Ericson Although centrality is conventionally understood as an organizational principle for the production of singular forms as exemplified in the centrally planned churches of the Renaissance. Through the analysis of geometrical transformations at Guarino Guarini’s San Lorenzo Church (1669) in Turin, Italy, emerged an implication that the center is a key component to generation of not just singular forms, but also more complex aggregations of objects with centers. San Lorenzo’s plan is an epicyclic octagon while the section is composed of nested ellipsoids of revolution. While it is a centrally planned form, it is not a singular form. This thesis asserts that centrality can produce heterogeneous architectural space and form. Heterogeneity is achieved through a mechanism of aggregating and subtracting epicycles of ellipsoids of revolution and mapping spatial relationships between centers. The design of the astrophysics laboratory was produced by an epicyclic mechanism which uses the geometric construction of an ellipse. This elliptical profile determines the curvature of the surfaces and was applied in the formation of the interior and exterior experience. Thus, this system of spatial organization and formal expression creates an extension of the NASA Jet Propulsion Lab campus through geometric and spatial generation. Developed in relation to Guarini’s strategies of geometric construction, this formal methodology can generate heterogeneous form and space.

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Centrally planned form with epicyclic octagonal arrangement and nested ellipsoids of revolution. Plan and section of S. Lorenzo church in Turin, Italy (1669). Norberg-Schultz, Christian. Baroque Architecture. Electa, 1979.


1/16” =1’-0” final model of astrophysics laboratory at NASA Jet Propulsion Lab campus

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Section studies

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Programmatic strategy


1. Plaza 2. Lobby 3. Office 4. Laboratory 5. Auditorium 6. Library 7. Conference Room 8. Coffee Bar 9. Restroom 10. Bridge 11. Exhibition 12. Obsevatory Room

B

6

8

4 7

10

5

3 1

11 A

A

2 12

B

Epicyclic mechanism generates plan

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Centrality can produce heterogeneous form.


Methodology drawing of overlapping relationships and difference.

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Displacing the centers of the nested ellipsoids of revolution.

Geometrical mechanism of epicycles.


The center is a key component to generation of aggregations of objects with centers.

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TROPICAL TOWER Comprehensive Studio 2015 Instructor: Deborah Richmond The concept of permeability was conceived through the analysis of the local site conditions. Considering wind patterns and sun path, the orientation of the building embraces sustainability. It is the hot and humid climate that the design of the facade responds to in order to achieve comfort for guests. This skin system is light and ventilated similarly to a veranda and the tower becomes a positive addition to the urban fabric. Passive Environmental Systems Design The designed skin of the building responds to the humidity in the environment. Rainfall averages 70 inches in Panama City. Since it is near the equator the climate is almost the same year round. Temperature during a given day can be in the high 80s or low 90s. The skin and secondary structure maximize cross ventilation transforming the circulation areas into a veranda. The design of the tower’s skin attempts to also provide shaded areas without blocking natural light to maintain energy efficiency. Envelope and Structural Systems Design 1. The envelope of the hotel is composed of triangulated and perforated panels that have a secondary structure that attaches to the primary structure of the building. 2. The panels are out of one tectonic unit and vary in scale to work with the program. All elevations are shaded from sun radiation all year round. 3. The public areas have a dense skin to provide comfort for the clients. On the other hand, the panels at the scale of the rooms, are thinner and deeper to provide natural light control and maximize natural ventilation. 4. In this steel system, five or more triangular units constructed with straight members whose ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes. Steel frame is composed of triangles because of the structural stability of that shape and design. 5. The principal loads on a multi-story building are those due to gravity and wind. These are applied at every floor level and on the façade respectively. The structural frame transmits these from their point of application to the foundations. 6. Technology like digital fabrication allows us to identify each panel by a number to track its location on the building. 26

Tectonic system development


1/8” = 1’-0” laser cut wood model of Tropical Tower hotel in Panama City, Panama

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Calle Republica de Chile

Calle 39 Este

55,000 sf Calle 38 Este

Location: Panama City Climate: Tropical Humid Summer shadows at 8:00am

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Wall section shows materials assemblies

Prevailing winds from the northwest

N

Avenida Balboa


glass line floor structure

primary steel structure

secondary skin steel structure skin

unit Permeable envelope system December 21 June 21 12:00 pm. 12:00 pm.

Tectonic expression of building skin

N-S section shows orientation relative to sun path

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Ground floor plan shows lobby and amenities


Typical floor plan shows types of guest rooms

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TUFTED WALL Form Finding Studio 2016 Instructor: Yasushi Ishida Collaborators: Cindy Rodriguez, Tiv Nguonkeat, and Daniel Ghattas The project’s primary focus was to investigate novel uses of flexible formwork for casting a thin shell structure in glass fiber reinforced concrete. Based on a method developed in previous rip-stop nylon manipulating experiments, we proposed a free-standing, perforated wall. These perforations create a light effect and also achieve a level of control over the thickness of the six foot high sectional wall. In addition, the CNC frame was designed specifically to control all four edges. The resulting imprinted texture of the fabric gives the finished wall its character. My role was to design the perforation pattern using Grasshopper and manage the fabrication process for the experiments and final wall.

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Experiments with various ways of manipulating the fabric in order to give depth to the surface, thus achieving structural strength and aesthetically desirable textures. Techniques for manipulation included smocking and the resulting molds were cast.


Imprinted fabric texture

Full-Scale GFRC Tufted Wall at Woodbury University in Burbank.

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Perforation pattern was designed using Grasshopper and 402 washers of sizes 3/4”, 1”, 1 1/2”, and 2” were used.

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Designed CNC frame controlled all edges

Free standing wall composed of sections

Self supporting due to geometry


Fabric properties and behaviors - formwork process filling GFRC mix and demolding final structure

Sun path gives different light and shadow effects

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ACCRETED ATHLETIC CENTER Site Relationships Studio 2014 Instructor: Curt Gambetta The design of the center is dictated by the geometry that resulted from manipulation of accreting topography. This concept of accretion over time was utilized to develop the plan and section of the project. Various paths of travel accomodate ADA. Regarding the local San Pedro salt marsh, areas were designed to emphasize the local flora and fauna where users can have a safe interaction with the environment. Situated in a dynamic location between the city and the sea, and placed in a spot with Cabrillo beach to the south and Salinas de San Pedro salt marsh to the north, the proposed athletic center emerges from the landscape. The concept of the design is derived from the geological definition of accretion, which include prisms and wedges that are created by natural phenomena and occur in a gradual manner as the sediments add to tectonic plates at a convergent boundary. Thus, accretion involves manipulation of the ground by accumulating mass. The masses are also conceived from friction forces as tectonic plates sliding past each other. Massing houses program and is imagined as accretion of sediment after hundreds of years. Placement of the spaces/structures takes into account location, elevation, and exposure to dynamic forces of daily cycles of tidal change and seasonal winds. Following an accretion of masses on the site, the stepped surfaces are pulled and pushed to create openings for natural light and ventilation. The proposal intends to construct a landscape and architecture that enhances the qualities of the salt marsh while establishing a connection between the people and the water. The idea is to create a context for sports and health. Routes of circulation are based on the elongated geometry and provide convenient access through the five zones of the site and transitions between the buildings. The facilities offer visitors various recreational activities like basketball, swimming and fishing. Also, the design augments the experience of enjoyment of the constructed landscape and more intense contact with the environment. The natural movement of the tide controls the environment surrounding the site. When the tide goes up, the pool gets invaded by the marsh and the exterior path gets submerged in the water. 36

Geometry Diagram

Sectional drawings

Geometry Diagram

Exterior ADA circulation plan


1/16” = 1’-0” laser cut landscape model of Accreted Athletic Center in Cabrillo Beach

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Manipulated plan shows programmatic strategy and pathways

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Long section from the south shows materiality and constructed landscape


SCALE 1 : 192 0

10

20

30Ft

39


40

Cross sections show dynamic spaces

Study model with volumetric roof


Shoshonean Rd.

Salinas de San Pedro Salt Marsh

Cabrillo Beach

Site plan shows relationship to the salt marsh

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STEREOTOMIC MUSEUM Program and Space Studio 2013 Instructor: Mark Stanley The concept of carving out spaces is essential to this museum since it is inspired by the monolith and a system of many units making up a whole from the Pyramid of Giza. Also, the relationship of a void between solids attempts to harmonize irregular spaces inside with more regular surfaces outside. The proportional system brings rigor to the carved spaces and the sloping passages connecting the volumes of space allow for moving up gradually as well as transitioning from a compressed space to a loftier space. Therefore, the gallery for an artist transitions into another, blurring boundaries. The spaces were developed considering the Panza Collection which includes postwar American art. The visitor cannot avoid seeing the violence of the war reflect on the art. This is a space for transition since these works were the new beginning for California artists after the war.

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Initial stereotomic spatial construct and assembly of volumes.

Plan and section


1/2” = 1’-0” museum board model for Stereotomic Museum in Los Angeles

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MERGED ATHMOSPHERES Natural Tendencies Studio 2013 Instructor: Micah Rutenberg The concept to design this space is based on the physics definition of channeling which involves pulling and pushing forces. As one takes a walk along the edge of the LA river, all senses are channeled to appreciate the beauty that nature and human put together on this site and is pulled down the branching carved pathways that zig zag the slope. The path channels one into this space then through a small volume and then into a bigger volume that pulls one in and channels one to a particular view of the river. The space sits at the interface between the slope and the river with the program of creating an exploring environment of the river itself . This space on the river is also part of the river and therefore subject to its forces of repulsion and attraction. This proposal imagines the space’s own cave like formation in the same way the river area is formed through repetitive pulling and pushing to generate volumes. The procedure allows for organization of movements and makes the space feel like a cave environment in light and shadow.

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Massing model


Channel Recipe 1) Pick an axis. 2) Pick two points on the axis. A beginning and an endpoint. 3) Develop a form connecting the points. 4) Generate geometry along the route. 5) Repeat to build a system.

Initial section studies

1/2” =1’-0” wood model of Merged Athmospheres at the LA River

Elevation of tectonic construct and section

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ROXANA PEREZ-ANTONIO Architecture Portfolio  
ROXANA PEREZ-ANTONIO Architecture Portfolio  
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