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Terrorism and Political Violence 2011 Terrorism Studies New

Terrorism Studies A Reader Edited by John Horgan and Kurt Braddock, both at Pennsylvania State University, USA This book is a comprehensive terrorism studies Reader that aims to introduce and guide students through the most important articles on the subject of terrorism and political violence. Selected Contents: Studying Terrorism: An Introduction John Horgan Section 1: Terrorism in Historical Context Section 2: Definitions Section 3: Understanding and Explaining Terrorism Section 4: Terrorist Movements Section 5: Terrorist Behaviour Section 6: Counterterrorism Section 7: Current Trends in Terrorism Section 8: The Future of Terrorism May 2011: 246 x 174: 480pp Hb: 978-0-415-45504-6: £100.00 Pb: 978-0-415-45505-3: £29.99 For more information, visit:


The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research Edited by Alex Schmid, Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS)

This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies.

Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Alex Schmid 2. The Problem of Defining Terrorism Alex Schmid 3. Typologies of Terrorism and Political Violence Sarah Marsden and Alex Schmid 4. Theories of Terrorism Bradley McAllister and Alex Schmid 5. Databases on Terrorism Neil G. Bowie and Alex Schmid 6. World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and Other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized and Cyber-Crime Albert J. Jongman 7. Library and Internet Resources for Research on Terrorism Eric Price 8. The Literature on Terrorism Alex Schmid 9. Bibliography of Terrorism Gillian Duncan and Alex Schmid 10. Glossary and Acronyms on Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Alex Schmid February 2011: 246 x 174: 776pp Hb: 978-0-415-41157-8: £125.00 eBook: 978-0-203-82873-1 For more information, visit:

Political Violence Series edited by Paul Wilkinson, University of St. Andrews, UK and David Rapoport, UCLA, USA This book series contains sober, thoughtful and authoritative academic accounts of terrorism and political violence. Its aim is to produce a useful taxonomy of terror and violence through comparative and historical analysis in both national and international spheres. New


3rd Edition

Explaining Terrorism

Terrorism Versus Democracy

Causes, Processes and Consequences

The Liberal State Response

Martha Crenshaw, Stanford University, USA

Paul Wilkinson, University of St. Andrews, UK

‘The leading global thinker on the study of terrorism, Martha Crenshaw has for thirty years produced the most creative, rigorous and important contributions our field has known. And now these can all be found in one place. This book is simply the one indispensable text that every student, scholar and researcher of terrorism and political violence must have. Literally the best of the best.‘ - John Horgan, Pennsylvania State University, USA

’From one of the founding fathers of terrorism studies, an urgent and necessary reminder of that which we must hold dear in combating all forms of terrorism. Paul Wilkinson understands the vital lessons to be learned from responding to terrorism, and this updated edition of his landmark book is absolutely essential reading.’ - John Horgan, University of St. Andrews, UK ’ exceptionally impressive book’- Aaron Edwards, Political Studies Review This book examines the terrorist networks that operate globally and analyses the long-term future of terrorism and terrorist-backed insurgencies. This new edition gives more attention to the political and strategic impact of modern transnational terrorism, the need for maximum international cooperation by law-abiding states to counter not only direct threats to the safety and security of their own citizens but also to preserve international peace and security through strengthening counter-proliferation and cooperative threat reduction (CTR). Selected Contents: Preface. Glossary of Terrorist Groups. Introduction to Revised Edition 1. Terrorism, Insurgency and Asymmetrical Conflict 2. The Emergence of Modern Terrorism 3. Origins and Key Characteristics of Al Qaeda 4. Terrorist Backed Insurgencies 5. Politics, Diplomacy and Peace Processes: Pathways out of Terrorism? 6. Law-Enforcement, Criminal Justice and the Liberal State 7. The Role of the Military in Combating Terrorism 8. Hostage-Taking, Sieges and Problems of Response 9. Aviation Security 10. The Media and Terrorism 11. International Cooperation Against Terrorism 12. The Future of Terrorism 13. Conclusion. Further Reading and Bibliography January 2011: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-58800-3: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-58799-0: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-83231-8 For more information, visit:

This volume comprises some of the key essays by Professor Crenshaw, from 1972 to the present-day, on the causes, processes and consequences of terrorism. Since the early 1970s, scholars and practitioners have tried to explain terrorism and to assess the effectiveness of government responses to the threat. Professor Crenshaw has studied terrorism since the late 1960s, well before it was topical, and this selection of her work represents the development of her thought over time in four areas: • defining terrorism and identifying its causes • the different methods used to explain terrorism, including strategic, organisational and psychological approaches • how campaigns of terrorism end • how governments can effectively contribute to the ending of terrorism. Selected Contents: Introduction: Definitions, Approaches, Trajectories, and Responses Part 1: What and Why? 1. The Concept of Terrorism 2. The Causes of Terrorism 3. ’Old’ vs. ’New’ Terrorism Part 2: Explaining Terrorism: Organizations, Strategies, and Psychology 4. The Organizational Approach 5. Subjective Realities 6. The Logic of Terrorism 7. Psychological Constraints on Instrumental Reasoning Part 3: Responding to Terrorism 8. Coercive Diplomacy 9. Strategies and Grand Strategies 10. Counterterrorism Policy and the Political Process Part 4: How Terrorism Ends 11. How Terrorism Declines 12. Why Terrorism is Rejected or Renounced October 2010: 234 x 156: 280pp Hb: 978-0-415-78050-6: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-78051-3: £22.99 For more information, visit:

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te rrorism s tu dies 2 New



Democracy and the War on Terror

Irish Republican Terrorism and Politics

Terrorism, Identity and Legitimacy

Civil Liberties and the Fight Against Terrorism

A Comparative Study of the Official and the Provisional IRA

The Four Waves theory and Political Violence

Kacper Rekawek, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland

This book argues that terrorism in the modern world has occurred in four ’waves’ of forty years each. It offers evidence-based explanations of terrorism, national identity, and political legitimacy by leading scholars from various disciplines with contrasting perspectives on political violence.

Leonard Weinberg, and William Eubank, both at University of Nevada, Reno, USA This new volume focuses on the relationships between democratic government, open societies and political terrorism. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Terrorism and the New Democracies 3. Terrorism in Long-Established Democracies 4. Terrorism and the Breakdown of Democracy 5. The Price Democracies Pay for Fighting Terrorism 6. Conclusions March 2012: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-77033-0: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77034-7: £23.99 For more information, visit:

This book examines the post-ceasefire evolutions and histories of the main Irish republican terrorist factions, and the interconnected character of politics and militarism within them. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The Official Republican Terrorism 1972-1992 3. The Provisional Republican Terrorism 1994-2005 4. The Official Republican Politics 1972-1992 5. The Provisional Republican Politics 1994-2005 6. Post-Ceasefire Terrorisms and Politics Compared 7. Conclusions April 2011: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-58801-0: £75.00 For more information, visit:


Fault Lines in Global Jihad Organizational, Strategic and Ideological Fissures

International Aviation and Terrorism

Edited by Assaf Moghadam and Brian Fishman, both at US Military Academy, West Point, USA

Evolving Threats, Evolving Security

This book is a detailed discussion of the internal problems and weaknesses of the global jihad movement led by Al-Qaeda. Selected Contents: Foreword Gen. (R) John P. Abizaid 1. Mapping the Global Jihad’s Endogenous Problems: A Conceptual Framework Assaf Moghadam and Brian Fishman Part 1: Strategy, Tactics, and Ideology 2. Takfir and Violence against Muslims Mohammed Hafez 3. Strategists vs. Doctrinarians Brynjar Lia 4. Strategic Fissures: The Near vs. Far Enemy Debate Steven Brooke 5. Ideological Fissures: Al Qaeda and the Revisionists Part 2: Relationships with Other Muslim Groups 6. Global Jihad vs. Muslim Brotherhood Marc Lynch 7. Global Jihad vs. the Shia Bernard Haykel 8. Global Jihad vs. Hamas Reuven Paz 9. Global Jihad vs. Non-Arab Muslim Allies Anne Stenersen Part 3: Challenges of Global Organization 10. Al Qaeda Central vs. Local Affiliates Vahid Brown 11. Fault Lines in Cyberspace: Discord in the Jihadist Web Forums Scott Sanford Part 4: Conclusion 10. Prospects for Exploiting the Jihadi Movement’s Challenges Brian Fishman and Assaf Moghadam May 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-58624-5: £75.00 For more information, visit:

Terrorist Groups and the New Tribalism Terrorism’s Fifth Wave Jeffrey Kaplan, University of Wisconsin, USA The central focus of this book is a small but vitally important group of movements that constitute a distinct ’fifth wave’ of modern terrorism, here called the ’New Tribalism’. Selected Contents: Introduction Part 1: Theory 1. Terrorism and Religious Violence 2. Rapoport’s Four Waves Theory Revisited 3. The Fifth Wave Part 2: Praxis 4. The Lord’s Resistance Army 5. The Janjaweed in the Sudan 6. Conclusion — The Fifth Wave? February 2010: 234 x 156: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-45338-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-85752-6 For more information, visit:

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John Harrison, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore This book examines terrorism’s impact on the international aviation security regime, with a focus on the role of the United States. Tracing the historical development of the international civil aviation system, the volume examines how it has dealt with the evolving security environment caused by international terrorism. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism, aviation security, international security and IR in general. 2009: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-48541-8: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-87871-2

Edited by Jean E. Rosenfeld, UCLA, USA

Selected Contents: Introduction: The Meaning of Political Violence Jean E. Rosenfeld Part 1: The Four Waves Theory and Global Terrorism 1. Looking for Waves of Terrorism Karen Rasler and William R. Thompson 2. Waves of International Terrorism: An Explanation of the Process by which Ideas Flood the World Dipak K. Gupta 3. Technological and Lone Operator Terrorism: Prospects for a Fifth Wave of Global Terrorism Jeffrey D. Simon 4. David Rapoport and the Study of Religiously-Motivated Terrorism Jeffrey Kaplan Part 2: Terrorism: A Closer View 5. Ripples in the Waves: Fantasies and Fashions Marc Sageman 6. The Fourth Terrorism Wave: Is There a Religious Exception? Michael Barkun 7. The Fourth Wave: Comparison of Jewish and Other Manifestations of Religious Terrorism Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger 8. Action, Reaction, and Overreaction: Assessing the Impact of Terrorism upon States John Mueller 9. Backlash: Reactions against Terrorism Studies Leonard Weinberg and William Eubank Part 3: Identity, Legitimacy, and Political Violence 10. Before the Bombs There Were the Mobs: American Experiences with Terror David C. Rapoport 11. The Politics of Collective Identity: Contested Israeli Nationalisms Myron J. Aronoff 12. South Africa’s Paradox of Violence and Legitimacy Barry M. Schutz 13. Legitimacy, Culture of Political Violence and Violence of Culture in Ethiopia Negussay Ayele 14. Contextual Issues in the Study of Domestic Violence: A Malawi Case Study Ralph A. Young 15. The Myth of Institutional Violence Ivan Strenski December 2010: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-57857-8: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-83432-9 For more information, visit:

Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorism

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Challenges and New Approaches

Negotiating with Terrorists Strategy, Tactics, and Politics Guy Olivier Faure, Sorbonne University, Paris, France and I. William Zartman, Johns Hopkins University, USA This edited volume addresses the important question of negotiating with terrorists, and offers recommendations for best practice and processes. Selected Contents: Introduction Part 1: How to Negotiate: Kidnapping the Kidnappers Introduction to Part 1 1. Guidelines for Negotiators with Terrorists Laurent Combalbert 2. Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of Kidnapping and Hostage Negotiation Alex Schmid and P. Flemming 3. Talking to the Devil David Pinder Part 2: Practical/Tactical: Freeing the Hostages Introduction to Part 2 4. Terrorist Negotiating Strategy in Lebanon Karen Feste 5. Negotiating in Beslan and Beyond Adam Dolnik 6. Negotiating Visible and Hidden Agendas Victor Kremenyuk 7. Negotiating The Grand Swap in Khandahar P. Sahadevan Part 3: Conclusions 8. Lessons for Practice Guy Olivier Faure and I. William Zartman. Bibliography

Edited by Magnus Ranstorp, Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm and Magnus Normark This book addresses the critical importance of understanding innovation and decision-making between terrorist groups and unconventional weapons, and the difficulty in pinpointing what factors may drive violence escalation. It also underscores the necessity to understand the complex interaction between terrorist group dynamics and decision-making behaviour in relation to old and new technologies. Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorism seeks to identify a set of early warnings and critical indicators for possible future terrorist efforts to acquire and utilize unconventional CBRN weapons as a means to pursue their goals. It also discusses the challenge for intelligence analysis in handling threat convergence in the context of globalisation. The book will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies, counter-terrorism, nuclear proliferation, security studies and IR in general.

February 2010: 234 x 156: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-56629-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-85559-1

2009: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-48439-8: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-88195-8

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te r ro r i s m stud i e s 3 New

Terrorism and the Olympics

Understanding Terrorism and Political Violence

Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future

The Life Cycle of Birth, Growth, Transformation, and Demise

Edited by Anthony Richards, Peter Fussey and Andrew Silke, all at University of East London, UK

Dipak K. Gupta, San Diego State University, USA

The book aims to outline the progress, problems and challenges of delivering a safe and secure Olympics in the context of the contemporary serious and enduring terrorist threat. Selected Contents: 1. Towards an Understanding of Terrorism and the Olympics Anthony Richards, Pete Fussey and Andrew Silke 2. Terrorism, the Olympics and Sport: Recent Events and Concerns for the Future Anthony Richards 3. Al Qaeda and the London Olympics Afzal Ashraf 4. Understanding Terrorist Target Selection Andrew Silke 5. Securing the Transport System Steve Swain 6. Surveillance and the Olympic Spectacle Pete Fussey 7. Strategic Security Planning and the Resilient Design of Olympic Sites Jon Coaffee 8. Governing the Games in an Age of Uncertainty: The Olympics and Organisational Responses to Risk Will Jennings 9. The Role of the Private Security Industry David Evans 10. The Challenge of Inter-Agency Coordination Keith Weston 11. The European Union & the Promotion of Major Event Security Within the EU Area Frank Gregory 12. Critical Reflections on Securing the Olympics: Conclusions and Ways Forward Anthony Richards, Pete Fussey and Andrew Silke Appendix: Terrorist Threats to the Olympics, 1972-2016 Pete Fussey November 2010: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-49939-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-83522-7 For more information, visit:

Understanding Violent Radicalisation Terrorist and Jihadist Movements in Europe Edited by Magnus Ranstorp, Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm This is the first book to address in depth the interplay between radicalisation and political violence in Europe, as well as the effectiveness of counter-measures. 2009: 234 x 156: 280pp Hb: 978-0-415-55629-3: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-55630-9: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-86574-3 For more information, visit:

2nd Edition

Terrorism Today Christopher C. Harmon ’. . . a masterly survey of the big picture of world violence. . . provides many useful strategy recommendations which Western governments would do well to study.’ - Times Literary Supplement 2007: 246 x 174: 248pp Hb: 978-0-415-77300-3: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77301-0: £22.99 eBook: 978-0-203-93358-9 For more information, visit:

’Highly recommended’ - R.G. Mainuddin, Choice

’This is probably one of the most comprehensive books that have been written on political violence and terrorism in recent years in the sense that the author is able to combine rich theory, empirical data about insurgent groups, and even first-hand experience of the phenomenon of terrorism.’ - Ignacio Sanchez-Cuenca, Juan March Institute, Madrid, Spain 2008: 234 x 156: 304pp Hb: 978-0-415-77164-1: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77165-8: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-93027-4 For more information, visit:

Leaving Terrorism Behind Individual and Collective Disengagement Edited by Tore Bjorgo, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo, Norway and John Horgan, Pennsylvania State University, USA

’The conclusions drawn up by Bjørgo and Horgan summarise the editors’ own considerations on the debate, based on the case studies employed by all of the contributors, and offer the reader some final concepts and questions upon which to reflect. This, along with the wealth of information offered by such a broad range of empirical data and case studies, make for a captivating read.’ - Natasha Kingston, University of Bath, UK While there has been a growing awareness of the need to understand and prevent processes of radicalization into terrorism, disengagement and deradicalization from terrorism have long been neglected areas in research on terrorism. This book uses empirical data to explore how and why individuals and groups disengage from terrorism, and what can be done to facilitate it. The work also presents a series of case studies of disengagement programmes, from Colombia, northern Europe, Italy, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia, comparing and assessing their various strengths and weaknesses. In light of the lessons learned from these cases, this book describes and explains the potential for new developments in counter-terrorism. This book will be of great interest to all students of terrorism studies, war and conflict studies, international security and politics in general, as well as professionals in the field of counter-terrorism. 2008: 234 x 156: 328pp Hb: 978-0-415-77667-7: £95.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77668-4: £24.99 eBook: 978-0-203-88475-1 For more information, visit:

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Contemporary Terrorism Studies New

Conducting Terrorism Field Research A Guide Edited by Adam Dolnik, University of Wollongong, Australia This book offers a detailed and practically oriented guide to the challenges of conducting terrorist fieldwork. The past decade has seen an explosion of research into terrorism. However, field research on terrorism has traditionally been surrounded by many myths, and has been called anything from “necessary” and “crucial” to “dangerous”, “unethical” and “impossible”. While there is an increasing interest among terrorism specialists in conducting such research, there is no single volume providing prospective field researchers with a guideline to such work. This edited volume aims to fill this gap and offers a collection of articles from experienced authors representing different risk groups, disciplines, methodological approaches, regional specializations, and other context-specific aspects. Each contributor provides a road-map to their own research, describing planning and preparation phases, the formalities involved in getting into conflict zones, gaining access to sources, managing contacts, interviewing militants in the field, detailed discussion on the risks involved, ethical dilemmas, translation issues, effective interviewing and rapport-building steps, and other practical aspects of conducting field research. The text will also help researchers set realistic expectations of how the process of interviewing militants and secretive government sources in conflict zones is organized, what the likely outcomes are, and assist with many other practical issues such as how to navigate through challenges posed by government forces unsympathetic to researchers, how to reduce risk of physical harm when travelling in conflict zones, how to behave at hostile checkpoints, how to answer specific questions militants tend to ask prior and during interviews. The end product is a ’how to’ guide to field research on terrorism, which will be of much value to terrorism experts and novices alike, providing detailed insights into the challenges and obstacles in doing field research on terrorism, as well as advice on how these can be overcome. July 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-60930-2: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-60931-9: £23.99 For more information, visit:


Putting Terrorism in Context Lessons Learned from Global Data Edited by Gary LaFree and Laura Dugan Series: Contemporary Terrorism Studies This is the first book that provides a comprehensive empirical overview of the nature and evolution of both modern transnational and domestic terrorism, based on statistical data. October 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-67142-2: £75.00 For more information, visit:

te rrorism s tu dies 4

Managing Terrorism and Insurgency


Reason and Unreason in Politics

Regeneration, Recruitment and Attrition

Strategy, Possibility or Absurdity?

Gabriel Weimann, University of Haifa, Israel and Abraham Kaplan

Cameron I. Crouch, Allen Consulting Group, Braddon, Australia

This book examines reason and unreason in the legal and political responses to terrorism.

This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, conflict studies, strategic studies and security studies in general.


Freedom and Terror

Selected Contents: Introduction. Foreword Carl Cohen 1. The Age of Madness 2. Knowledge and Political Action 3. Politics, Law and Behavioral Sciences 4. Historical Interpretation 5. The Politics of Protest 6. The Ethics of Terror 7. The Psychodynamics of Terror 8. The Theater of Terror: Modern Terrorism and the Mass Media 9. Moral Responsibilities and Political Realities 10. The Ethics of Power 11. The Politics of Prejudice 12. In Defense of Freedom 13. The Limits of Reason January 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-60598-4: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-83120-5 For more information, visit:

International Terrorism Post-9/11 Comparative Dynamics and Responses Edited by Asaf Siniver, University of Birmingham, UK This edited volume brings together both western and non-western approaches to counter-terrorism in the post-9/11 era. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Asaf Siniver 2. Security and ‘Terror’ in the Middle East and North Africa: Drivers and limitations of Protest and ‘Terrorism’ Gerd Nonneman 3. Radicalism, Extremism and Government in North Africa George Joffé 4. Strategic Confusion: America’s Conflicting Strategies and the War on Terrorism David Hastings Dunn and Oz Hassan 5. American Counter-Terrorism through the Rewards for Justice Program, 1984-2008 Steve Hewitt 6. British Armed Forces and European Union Perspectives on Countering Terrorism Major General Graham MesservyWhiting 7. The Development of the UK Intelligence Community after 9/11 Sir Francis Richards 8. Israel and the Al-Aqsa Intifada: The Conceptzia of Terror Clive Jones 9. Russia and Counter Terrorism: A Critical Appraisal Cerwyn Moore and David Barnard-Wills 10. Fixing the Elusive: India and the Foreignness of Terror Ted Svensson 11. Australian Identity, Interventionism and the ‘War on Terror’ Jack Holland and Matt McDonald 12. Counter-Terrorism in Southeast Asia Post 9/11 Andrew T.H. Tan

Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Concepts, Relationships and Measurement 3. Front de Libération du Québec 4. Movimiento de Liberación Nacional – Tupamaros 5. Provisional Irish Republican Army 6. Conclusion. Bibliography 2009: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-48441-1: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-87158-4 For more information, visit:

Targeting Terrorist Financing International Cooperation and New Regimes Arabinda Acharya This book examines the dynamics of terrorist financing, including a discussion about the importance of money from both the terrorist and the counter-terrorist perspective. Selected Contents: Acknowledgements. Glossary. List of Tables. Introduction Part 1 1. Understanding Terrorist Financing 2. Dynamics of Terrorist Financing Part 2 3. Why Cooperate? Part 3 4. Regimes Against Terrorist Financing 5. Tracking Progress of the Measures Against Terrorist Financing 6. Explaining Responses to Terrorist Financing. Conclusion: A Way Forward. Appendix 1. Bibliography 2009: 234 x 156: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-49807-4: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-87371-7

Reconciliation after Terrorism Edited by Alexander Spencer and Judith Renner, both at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany Series: Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution This book brings together scholars from the hitherto disparate fields of terrorism and reconciliation studies to examine whether reconciliation is a possible strategy for dealing with and ending a terrorist conflict. Selected Contents: Introduction: Reconciling the Seemingly Irreconcilable? Judith Renner and Alexander Spencer Part 1: Theory and Methodology 1. A Reconciliation Perspective: Dealing with a Terrorist Past Michael Humphrey 2. A Terrorism Perspective: Actor Transformation of the ‘Terrorist’: Shades of Legitimacy 3. Talking to Terrorists: Problems of Methodology and Risks of Field Research Carolin Görzig Part 2: Empirical Case Studies 4. Reconciliation without the Other: Germany and RAF Terrorism Christopher Daase 5. Reconciliation and the Failure of Terrorism in South Tyrol Günther Pallaver 6. Reconciliation and Paramilitaries in Northern Ireland Marie Breen Smyth 7. From Franco to ETA: Reconciliation after State and Sub-State Terror in Spain Andrew Rigby 8. From ‘Terrorist’ to Politicians: The ANC and Reconciliation in South Africa David J. Whittaker 9. Overcoming Terrorism without Reconciliation in Peru David Scott Palmer 10. Reconciliation with FARC in Colombia Juan Munévar and Frédéric Massé 11. Terror, Empathy and Reconciliation In the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Yehudith Auerbach and Ifat Maoz. Conclusion: From Isolation, via Negotiation to Reconciliation? Judith Renner and Alexander Spencer October 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-58858-4: £75.00 For more information, visit:


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Democracy and Violence Global Debates and Local Challenges Edited by John Schwarzmantel and Hendrik Jan Kraetzschmar, both at University of Leeds, UK Illustrated most dramatically by the events of 9/11 and the subsequent ‘war on terror’, violence represents a challenge to democratic politics and to the establishment of liberal-democratic regimes. Liberal-democracies have themselves not hesitated to use violence and restrict civil liberties as a response to such challenges. These issues are at the centre of global politics and figure prominently in political debates today concerning multiculturalism, political exclusion and the politics of gender.

March 2010: 234 x 156: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-55230-1: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-85200-2 For more information, visit:

2nd Edition – Textbook

Global Terrorism Brenda J. Lutz and James M. Lutz, both at Indiana University-Purdue, USA This second edition of Global Terrorism continues to provide students with the most comprehensive introduction to terrorism as a global phenomenon. It introduces students to history, politics, ideologies and strategies of both contemporary and older terrorist groups. 2008: 246 x 189: 360pp Hb: 978-0-415-77246-4: £80.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77247-1: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-89503-0 For more information, visit:

This book takes up these topics with reference to a wide range of case-studies, covering Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe. It provides a theoretical framework clarifying the relationship between democracy and violence and presents original research surveying current hot-spots of violent conflict and the ways in which violence affects the prospects for democratic politics and for gender equality. Based on field-work carried out by specialists in the areas covered, this volume will be of high interest to students of democratic politics and to all those concerned with ways in which the recourse to violence could be reduced in a global context. This book has significant implications for policy-makers involved in attempts to develop safer and more peaceful ways of handling political and social conflict. June 2011: 234 x 156: 192pp Hb: 978-0-415-60957-9: £80.00 For more information, visit:

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Contemporary Debates on Terrorism

War and Ideas

Suicide Bombings

Selected essays

Riaz Hassan

Edited by Richard Jackson, Aberystwyth University, Wales, UK and Samuel J. Sinclair, Harvard Medical School, MA, USA

John Mueller, Ohio State University, USA

Series: Short Cuts

This book collects the key essays, together with updating notes and commentary, of Professor John Mueller on war and the role of ideas and opinions.

In an age when the Western world is preoccupied with worries about weapons of mass destruction in terrorist hands, terrorists across many parts of the globe are using a more basic device as a weapon - life itself.

Debating Terrorism is an innovative new textbook, addressing a number of key issues in contemporary terrorism studies from both ’traditional’ and ’critical’ perspectives. This volume aims to bring together in one place many of the field’s leading scholars to debate the key issues relating a set of 12 important controversies and questions. The format of the volume involves a leading scholar taking a particular position on the controversy, followed by an opposing or alternative viewpoint written by another scholar. In addition to the pedagogic value of allowing students to read opposing arguments in one place, the volume will also be important for providing an overview of the state of the field and its key lines of debate. This textbook will be essential reading for all students of terrorism and political violence, critical terrorism studies, critical security studies, security studies and IR in general. Selected Contents: Introduction Richard Jackson and Justin Sinclair Definition of Terrorism 1. Is Terrorism Still a Useful Analytical Term or Should it be Abandoned? YES Paul Wilkinson NO Dominic Bryan Categories of Terrorism 2. Is there a ‘New Terrorism’ in Existence Today? YES Alejandro Bolanos NO Isabelle Duyvesteyn 3. Can States be Terrorists? YES Michael Stohl NO Colin Wight The Terrorism Threat 4. Is Terrorism a Serious Threat to International and National Security? YES James Lutz and Brenda Lutz NO Ian Lustick 5. Is WMD Terrorism a Likely Prospect in the Future? YES Natvidad Carpintero-Santamaria NO John Mueller 6. Does al Qaeda Continue to Pose a Serious International Threat? YES Jeffrey Cozzens and Magnus Ranstorp NO Lee Jarvis The Causes of Terrorism 7. Is Terrorism the Result of Root Causes Such as Poverty and Exclusion? YES Dipak Gupta NO L. Rowell Huesmann and Graham R. Huesman 8. Is Religious Extremism a Major Cause of Terrorism? YES Fathali Moghaddam NO Jeffrey Goodwin Dealing with Terrorism 9. Are Counter-Terrorism Frameworks Based on Suppression and Military Force Effective in Responding to Terrorism? YES Boaz Ganor NO Paul Rogers 10. Is the Use of Coercive Interrogation or Torture Permissible and Effective as a Counter-Terrorism Method? YES Jeffrey Addicott NO Robert Brecher 11. Is the Targeted Assassination of Terrorist Suspects an Effective Response to Terrorism? YES Michael Scheuer NO Andrew Silke 12. Have Global Efforts to Reduce Terrorism and Political Violence Been Effective in the Past Decade? YES Mark Cochrane NO Rachel Monaghan

Mueller has maintained that war (and peace) are, in essence, merely ideas, and that war has waned as the notion that ’peace’ is a decidedly good idea has gained currency. The first part of the book extends this argument, noting that as ideas have spread, war is losing out not only in the developed world, but now in the developing one, and that even civil war is in marked decline. It also assesses and critiques theories arguing that this phenomenon is caused by the rising acceptance of democracy and/or capitalism. The second part argues that the Cold War was at base a clash of ideas that were seen to be threatening, not of arms balances, domestic systems, geography, or international structure. It also maintains that there has been a considerable tendency to exaggerate security threats — currently, in particular, the one presented by international terrorism — and to see them in excessively military terms. The third section deals with the role public opinion plays in foreign policy, and argues that many earlier conclusions about opinion during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, including especially ones concerning the importance of casualties in determining popular support for war, apply to more recent military ventures in the Persian Gulf, Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan. It also assesses the difficulties leaders and idea entrepreneurs often encounter when they try to manage or manipulate public opinion. This book will be of much interest to students of international relations, security studies, foreign policy and international history. Selected Contents: Preface: Marketing Mousetraps Part 1: War, Ideas, and Peace Introduction 1. The Obsolescence of Major War 2. Policing the Remnants of War 3. War Has Almost Ceased to Exist: An Assessment 4. Why Isn’t There More Violence? Part 2: Threat Perception, Ideas, and Foreign Policy Introduction 5. What Was the Cold War About? Evidence from Its Ending 6. Simplicity and Spook: Terrorism and the Dynamics of Threat Exaggeration 7. Faulty Correlation, Foolish Consistency, and Fatal Consequence: Democracy, Peace, and Theory in the Middle East Part 3: Public Opinion, Foreign Policy, and War Introduction 8. American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in a New Era: Eleven Propositions 9. The Iraq War and the Management of American Public Opinion

June 2011: 246 x 174: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-59115-7: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-59116-4: £24.99

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Terror in our Time 911 plus 10 Ken Booth, Aberystwyth University, UK and Tim Dunne, University of Queensland, Australia The 9/11 terror attacks profoundly altered the way in which intellectuals, practitioners, and the public thought about the meaning of security and terrorism. This book evaluates the impact of ‘international terrorism’ on global order ten years after 911, addressing a series of key issues in short accessible essays. Selected Contents: Preface Part 1: International Terrorism 1. Terror 2. Risk 3. Islam 4. Afghanistan 5. Pakistan 6. Imperialism 7. Evil Part 2: World Order 8. War 9. America 10. Security 11. Law 12. Public Opinion 13. Responsibility 14. Endings. References September 2011: 198 x 129: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-67830-8: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-67831-5: £14.99 For more information, visit:

Suicide bombing has become a weapon of choice among terrorist groups because of its lethality and unrivalled ability to cause mayhem and fear, but what is the real driving force behind these attacks? For the first time, Suicide Bombings analyses concrete data from The Suicide Terrorism Database at Flinders University, Australia, to explain what motivates the perpetrators. The results serve to largely discredit common wisdom that religion and an impressionable personality are the principal causes, and show rather that a cocktail of motivations fuel these attacks which include politics, humiliation, revenge, retaliation, and altruism. Suicide Bombings provides a short but incisive insight into this much publicized form of terrorism, and as such is an informative and engaging resource for students, academics, and indeed anyone with an interest in this topic. April 2011: 198 x 129: 168pp Hb: 978-0-415-58886-7: £65.00 Pb: 978-0-415-58887-4: £17.99 eBook: 978-0-203-82788-8 For more information, visit:

Intelligence Cooperation and the War on Terror Anglo-American Security Relations after 9/11 Adam D.M. Svendsen Series: Studies in Intelligence This book provides an in-depth analysis of UK-US intelligence cooperation in the post-9/11 world. Selected Contents: Part 1: Background 1. Introduction Part 2: UK-US Intelligence Liaison in Action 2. Enhancing Interoperability: Introducing the Case Studies: Evaluating UK-US Intelligence Liaison in the Early Twenty-First Century 3. Enhancing Efforts against Terrorism 4. Enhancing Efforts against Proliferation Part 3: Conclusions 5. Conclusion 2009: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-55040-6: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86588-0 For more information, visit:

Fighting Terrorism and Drugs Europe and International Police Cooperation Jörg Friedrichs, International University Bremen, Germany This book closely examines the fight of large European states against terrorism and drugs, from the 1960s to the present day. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Essentials Part 1: The International Fight against Terrorism 3. The Comprehensive Approach 4. Antiterrorist Methods 5. Extradition of Terrorists Part 2: The International Fight against Drugs 6. International Drug Prohibition 7. Drug Enforcement Methods 8. Investigation across Borders 9. Results 10. Postscript 2009: 234 x 156: 302pp Pb: 978-0-415-54351-4: £23.50 For more information, visit:

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cr it ica l t errorism s tu d i e s 6

Critical Terrorism Studies New

Critical Terrorism Studies An Introduction to Research Methods Jacob L. Stump, Shepherd University, USA and Priya Dixit, American University, Washington DC, USA This book is an introduction to critical approaches to terrorism studies. Introducing students to important developments in the critical study of terrorism, the book has three key themes: (1) the position of critical terrorism studies within the discipline of International Relations (IR); (2) theoretical and methodological elaborations of critical approaches to the study of terrorism; (3) empirical illustrations of those approaches. The book’s objective is to present a diverse and useful set of readings for students interested in studying terrorism through a critical lens. Mainstream books on terrorism provide little or no information about the new critical approaches, and this books aims to fill that vacuum. It provides material that students and teachers can use to begin learning the diverse ways to critically and rigorously study terrorism. At the same time, each chapter will have empirical examples that illustrate how each of these methodologies has been applied in practice. In sum, the book reviews a series of non-variable based methodological approaches and it provides empirical examples that illustrate how these approaches have been and can be utilized by students, teachers, and postgraduate researchers alike. This book will be of much interest to students of EU studies, sociology, critical security studies, and IR in general. Selected Contents: Part 1: The Location of Critical Terrorism Studies 1. Introduction 2. Terrorism Studies in International Relations 3. Introducing Critical Terrorism Studies Part 2: Theories 4. Critical Theory 5. Ethnography of the ’Terrorist’ 6. Ethnography of Everyday Terror(ism) 7. Discourse Analysis 8. Terrorist and Counterterrorist Discourses 9. Network Theory and Terrorism 10. Conclusion. Bibliography December 2011: 246 x 174: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-62046-8: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-62047-5: £23.99

Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies Series edited by Richard Jackson, Marie Breen Smyth and Jeroen Gunning, all at Aberystwyth University, Wales, UK This book series will publish rigorous and innovative studies on all aspects of terrorism, counter-terrorism and state terror. It seeks to advance a new generation of thinking on traditional subjects, investigate topics frequently overlooked in orthodox accounts of terrorism and to apply knowledge from disciplines beyond International Relations and Security Studies.

An Intellectual History of Terror War, Violence and the State Mikkel Thorup, Aarhus University, Denmark This book investigates terrorism and anti-terrorism as related and interacting phenomena, undertaking a simultaneous reading of terrorist and statist ideologists in order to reconstruct the ‘deadly dialogue’ between them. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: To Terrorize and to Theorize Part 1: Investigative Signposts 2. Killing Words: On Justifying Violence 3. The Violently Privileged: On the State 4. Beyond the Line: On Frontierlands Part 2: Archive of Terrors 5. Terror as Fright: The Concept of Terror before the French Revolution 6. Terror as Policy: The Concept of Terror during the French Revolution 7. Terror as Crime: The Concept of Terror after the French Revolution Part 3: Pirates and Terrorists 8. Pirates and Barbarians: The Barbary ‘Axis of Piracy’ and Western ‘Anti-Terror’-Campaigns 9. Enemy of Humanity: The Anti-Piracy Discourse in Present Day Anti-Terrorism 10. State Pirates: Warriors in the Maritime Frontierland Part 4: States of Terror, States of Humanity 11. All Talk and No Security: The Securitist Critique of the Liberal Democracy’s Irresponsibility 12. The Humanitarian Sovereign: Cosmopolitan Warfare in the New Global Frontierland May 2010: 234 x 156: 296pp Hb: 978-0-415-57995-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-84821-0 For more information, visit:


Counter-Terrorism and State Political Violence The ’War on Terror’ as Terror Edited by Scott Poynting, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK and David Whyte, Liverpool University, UK This edited volume aims to deepen our understanding of state power through a series of case studies of political violence arising from state ‘counter-terrorism’ strategies. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: From Political Violence to State Terrorism Scott Poynting and David Whyte Part 1: State Political Violence and Counter-Terrorism in the UK 2. Pursue and Prevent: The British State’s ‘Counter-Terror’ as Counterinsurgency David Miller and Rizwaan Sabir 3. Immigration laws and the State Terror Framework Hicham Yezza 4. The Terror of Expulsion Jonny Burnett 5. Operation Kratos, the de Menezes Killing, and ‘Due Process’ Graham Smith 6. British Counter-Insurgency Practice in the North of Ireland in the 1970s? A Legitimate Response or State Terror? Paul O’Connor, Alan Brecknell and Maggie O’Conor Part 2: State Political Violence and Counter-Terrorism Across the World 7. Masters of Terror Noam Chomsky 8. The Great Game John Pilger 9. Terrorising Tamil Ealam Vicki Sentas 10. Israeli State Terrorism against Palestinians in Gaza 2008-9 Victoria Mason 11. Untouchable Compradores? Colombian State Narco-Terrorism and the People’s Struggle for National Liberation Oliver Villar 12. The Criminalisation of Anti-Colonial Struggle in Puerto Rico Jose Atiles-Osoria 13. ‘War on Terror’ and Spanish State Violence against Basque Political Dissent Stefanie Khoury and Pablo Ciocchini 14. Indonesian State Terrorism in Timor-Leste and West Papua Elizabeth Stanley 15. State Terrorism in the Sahara: the US and European Dimensions Jeremy Keenan July 2011: 234 x 156: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-60720-9: £75.00 For more information, visit:

Discourses and Practices of Terrorism Interrogating Terror Edited by Bob Brecher and Mark Devenney, both at University of Brighton, UK and Aaron Winter, University of Abertay Dundee, UK This interdisciplinary book investigates the consequences of the language of terror for our lives in democratic societies.

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Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: Philosophy, Politics, Terror Bob Brecher and Mark Devenney 2. Rediscovering the Individual in the ’War on Terror’: A Virtue and Liberal Approach Heather Widdows 3. Is there a Justifiable Shoot-to-Kill Policy? Shahrar Ali 4. Torture and the Demise of the Justiciable Standard of Enlightened Government: A S Perspective Don Wallace and Akis Kalaitzidis 5. Asylum and the Discourse of Terror: The European ’Security State’ Fran Cetti 6. Feeling Persecuted? The Definitive Role of Paranoid Anxiety in the Constitution of ’War on Terror’ Television Hugh Ortega Breton 7. Fundamentalist Foundations of Terrorist Practice: The Political Logic of Life-Sacrifice Jeff Noonan 8. Specificities, Complexities, Histories: Algerian Politics and George Bush’s USA-led ’War on Terror’ Martin Evans 9. Ignatieff, Ireland and the Lesser Evil: Some Problems with the Lessons Learnt Mark McGovern 10. American Terror: From Oklahoma City to 9/11 and After Aaron Winter. Bibliography

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February 2010: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-48808-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-85734-2

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m e d i a and t e r ro r i s m 7 New

The Politics of Terrorism Expertise Knowledge, Power and the Media Edited by David Miller and Tom Mills This book provides an account of the history, geopolitics, activities and impact of the rise of the terror experts. The main themes of the book are the emergence and influence of the military-industrial-academic-complex, the relationship between knowledge and power, communicative strategies and the public realm, the politics of expertise and the legitimation and de-legitimation of political violence. The objectives are to pioneer a novel way of understanding the genesis and impact of terror expertise and to integrate into the body of critical literature on ‘terrorism’ work on think-tanks, the ‘military-industrial-academic complex’, media and communications and propaganda.

Media and Terrorism Global Terrorism and New Media


The Post-Al Qaeda Generation

Legitimising Violence in the New Media

Philip Seib, University of Southern California, USA and Dana M. Janbek, Lasell College, MA, USA Series: Media, War and Security

Andrew Hoskins, University of Nottingham, UK, and Awan Akil and Ben O’Loughlin, both at Royal Holloway, University of London, UK

Series: Media, War and Security

Global Terrorism and New Media carefully examines the content of terrorist websites and extremist television programming to provide a comprehensive look at how terrorist groups use new media today.

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Based partly on a content analysis of discussion boards and forums, the authors share their findings on how terrorism 1.0 is migrating to 2.0 where the interactive nature of new media is used to build virtual organization and community. Although the creative use of social networking tools such as Facebook may advance the reach of terrorist groups, the impact of their use of new media remains uncertain. The book pays particular attention to terrorist media efforts directed at women and children, which are evidence of the long-term strategy that some terrorist organizations have adopted, and the relationship between terrorists’ media presence and actual terrorist activity. This volume also looks at the future of terrorism online and analyzes lessons learned from counterterrorism strategies.


This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, media and communication studies, security studies and political science.

Selected Contents: Part 1: History and Practice of Terrorism Expertise 1. What is Terrorism? 2. What is an Expert? 3. The History and Prehistory of the Terror Experts 4. The post-9/11 Explosion 5. The Geopolitics of Terror Expertise 6. Government and Expertise 7. Academic Institutions and Terror Experts 8. Think Tanks and Policy Institute 9. The Security Industry 10. The Experts: Who are They? Part 2: Impact of Terrorism Expertise in Public Arenas 11. Mainstream Media 12. The Internet and Web 2.0 13. Terror Trials and Court Cases 14. Terrorism Policy. Conclusions: The Role and Impact of the Terror Expert and Prospects for Change October 2011: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-60418-5: £75.00

Women Suicide Bombers Narratives of Violence V.G. Julie Rajan, Rutgers University, NJ, USA This book offers an evaluation of female suicide bombers through postcolonial, Third World, feminist, and human-rights framework, drawing on case studies from conflicts in Palestine, Sri Lanka, and Chechnya, among others. Many of the books published on this phenomenon have revealed interesting ways to read women bombers’ subjectivities, but do not explore the phenomenon of women bombers both inside and outside of their militant activities, or against the patriarchal, Orientalist, and Western feminist cultural and theoretical frameworks that label female bombers primarily as victims of backward cultures. In contrast, this book offers a corrective lens to the existing discourse, and encourages a more balanced evaluation of women bombers in contemporary conflict.

Radicalisation and the Media

Selected Contents: 1. Communicating Terror 2. High Tech Terror: Al Qaeda and Beyond 3. Terrorists’ Online Strategies 4. Targeting the Young 5. Women and Terrorism 6. Terrorism’s Online Future 7. Responding to Terrorism August 2010: 234 x 156: 160pp Hb: 978-0-415-77961-6: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77962-3: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-84537-0 For more information, visit:

This book will be of interest to students of terrorism, gender studies and security studies in general. Selected Contents: Introduction: The Phenomenon of Women Bombers 1. Mad, Suicidal, and Mentally Challenged 2. The Female Body: Sexuality, Disease, and Contagion 3. ‘The Woman Question’: Women Bombers as Victims 4. Fabricating the Female Martyr: The Palestinian Case 5. Mothers and the Nation March 2011: 234 x 156: 352pp Hb: 978-0-415-55225-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-82131-2 For more information, visit:

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This book examines the circulation and effects of radical discourse by analysing the role of mass media coverage in promoting or hindering radicalisation and acts of political violence. Selected Contents: 1. Media and Radicalization: Grappling Uncertainties in the New Media Ecology 2. Legitimising Jihadist Ideology 3. Media Jihad 4. Media Events: Televisual Connections 2004-2006 5. The Mainstream Nexus of Radicalization: The 2008-09 Gaza Conflict 6. Audience Uncertainties: Imagining the Mainstream and Extremes 7. Conclusion: The New Media Ecology Model February 2011: 234 x 156: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-55035-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-82967-7 For more information, visit:


War and Violence in the Media Historical, Socio-Political and Cultural Perspectives Edited by Athina Karatzogianni Series: Media, War and Security This book presents and discusses the current debates in violence and war in culture and the media from five different disciplinary perspectives. June 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-66523-0: £75.00 For more information, visit:

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po liti cal v iolence 8

Political Violence New

State Terrorism and Human Rights International Responses since the Cold War Paul Wilkinson, University of St. Andrews, UK Series: Political Violence

This book aims to improve our understanding of the broad trends in the use of political violence by examining the use of state terror in world politics.

There are numerous military regimes and other forms of dictatorship where the use of terror techniques for internal control is routine. While there are some effective multilateral measures that can be taken to discourage and reduce state sponsorship of terrorism as a weapon of intervention in foreign states, the international community generally and the major democracies in combination, face huge difficulties in attempting to influence those regimes that are inflicting major human rights violations on their own populations. For most states, the international norms of non-intervention have tended to restrict government and IGOs to expressions of humanitarian concern, condemnatory resolutions at the UN, and perhaps support for international economic sanctions against the offending regime. This book will analyse the major types of international response to state terror since the Cold War and their outcomes and wider implications for the future of international relations. The conclusion will attempt to develop proposals for more effective international responses to state terror in full capability with international law and the protection of human rights.


Militancy and Political Violence in Shiism

Contemporary State Terrorism Theory and Practice

Edited by Assaf Moghadam, US Military Academy, West Point, USA

Edited by Richard Jackson, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK, Eamon Murphy, Curtin University of Technology, Australia and Scott Poynting, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK

Series: Political Violence

Series: Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies

Trends and Patterns

This edited volume assesses current trends in militancy among the Shia in Iran, Iraq, and in several key countries beyond the heartland, and examines whether the ‘Shia revival’ of recent years is militant in character. June 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-61992-9: £75.00

This volume aims to ‘bring the state back into terrorism studies’ and fill the notable gap that currently exists in our understanding of the ways in which states employ terrorism as a political strategy of internal governance or foreign policy. 2009: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-49801-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86835-5

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Women and Political Violence Female Combatants in Ethno-National Conflict Miranda Alison, University of Warwick, UK Series: Contemporary Security Studies This book directly challenges the stereotype that women are inherently peaceable by examining female combatants’ involvement in ethno-national conflicts. Drawing upon empirical case studies of Sri Lanka and Northern Ireland, this study explores the ways in which women have traditionally been depicted. Whereas women have predominantly been seen as victims of conflict, this book acknowledges the reality of women as active combatants. Indeed, female soldiers/irregulars are features of most modern conflicts, and particularly in ethno-nationalist violence – until now largely ignored by mainstream scholarship. 2009: 234 x 156: 304pp Hb: 978-0-415-36313-6: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-01345-8

State Terrorism and Neoliberalism The North in the South Ruth Blakeley, University of Kent, UK Series: Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies This book explores the complicity of democratic states from the global North in state terrorism in the global South. It evaluates the relationship between the use of state terrorism by Northern liberal democracies and efforts by those states to further incorporate the South into the global political economy and to entrench neoliberalism. 2009: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-46240-2: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-87651-0 For more information, visit:


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Selected Contents: 1. Concept and Typology of Regime Terror 2. Regime Terror as a Political Weapon in Modern History 3. Trends in the use of Terror by States since the End of the Cold War 4. Obstacles to International Action against State Terror in the Post-Cold War International System 5. The Case of Saddam Hussein’s Terror against the Kurds and the International Response 6. Indonesian Terror against East Timor Separatists and the International Response 7. The Use of State Terror in Former Yugoslavia and the International Response 8. Terror in Rwanda in 1994 and the Failure of International Response 9. Conclusions: Towards a More Effective International Response to State Terror, based on Democratic Principles and the Protection of Human Rights. Bibliography. Index


Violence in Post-Conflict Societies

Sri Lanka and the Responsibility to Protect

Anders Themnér, Uppsala University, Sweden

October 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-47423-8: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-47424-5: £21.99

Selected Contents: 1. The Meaning and Application of R2P 2. Politics and Ethnicity 3. The War in Sri Lanka 4. Competing Nationalisms 5. Total War 6. Cultural Dominance or Cultural Genocide? 7. Sri Lanka and International Law 8. Sri Lanka’s Opposition to R2P 9. Geo-Strategic Factors, R2P and Sri Lanka. Conclusion

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Politics, Ethnicity and Genocide Damien Kingsbury, Deakin University, Australia Series: Global Politics and the Responsibility to Protect This book is about the issues and challenges facing the implementation of the Responsibility To Protect (R2P) principle in the case of Sri Lanka, where the Tamil Tigers have been fighting to create a separate state.

September 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-58884-3: £75.00

Remarginalisation, Remobilisers and Relationships Series: Routledge Studies in Intervention and Statebuilding This book compares post-civil wars societies to look at the presence or absence of organized violence, analysing why some ex-combatants return to organised violence and others do not. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: Once a Solider, Always a Soldier? 2. Remarginalisation, Remobilisers and Relationships 3. Republic of Congo 4. Sierra Leone 5. Comparative Analysis 6. Conclusions. Bibliography June 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-57922-3: £75.00 For more information, visit:

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r e l i g i on an d p ol it i cal v i o l ence 9

State Violence and Genocide in Latin America The Cold War Years Edited by Marcia Esparza, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, Henry R. Huttenbach, New York City College, USA and Daniel Feierstein, Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Argentina Series: Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies This edited volume explores political violence and genocide in Latin America during the Cold War, examining this in light of the United States’ hegemonic position on the continent. Selected Contents: Introduction: Globalizing Latin American Studies of State Violence and Genocide Marcia Esparza Part 1: The Roots and Theoretical Underpinnings 1. U.S. Hemispheric Hegemony and the Descent into Genocidal Practices in Latin America Luis Roniger 2. Political Violence in Argentina and its Genocidal Characteristics Daniel Feierstein 3. Genocide in Chile: An Assessment Maureen S. Hiebert and Pablo Policzer 4. Understanding the 1982 Guatemalan Genocide Marc Drouin Part 2: The Mechanisms of Violence 5. ’Industrial Repression’ and Operation Condor in Latin America J. Patrice McSherry 6. The United States and Torture: Lessons from Latin America Jennifer K. Harbury 7. State Violence and Repression in Rosario during the Argentine Dictatorship, 1976-1983 Gabriela Aguila 8. U.S.-Colombian Relations in the 1980s: Political Violence and the Onset of the UP Genocide Andrei Gomez-Suarez Part 3: The Aftermath of State Violence and Genocide 9. Political Violence, Justice and Reconciliation in Latin America Ernesto Verdeja 10. Vicious Legacies? State Violence(s) in Argentina Guillermina S. Seri 11. Courageous Soldiers (Valientes Soldados): Politics of Concealment in the Aftermath of State Violence in Chile Marcia Esparza 12. Bringing Justice to Guatemala: The Need to Confront Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity Raúl Molina Mejía

Religion and Political Violence New


Routledge Handbook of Religion and Security

Islamist Radicalisation in Europe

Theory and Practice

An Occupational-Choice Model

Edited by Pauletta Otis, Christopher Seiple and Dennis Hoover

Daniela Pisoiu, University of Hamburg, Germany

This handbook addresses global security through the lens of religion and the role religion plays in both war and peace.

This book examines the Islamist radicalisation process in Europe, and develops a new theoretical model, based on the evolution of Islamist radicals in their social environment.

Selected Contents: Preface Douglas H. Johnson Part 1: Religion and Security 1. Introduction Doug Seiple Part 2: Perspectives and Approaches to Religion and War 2. Theoretical Overview Eric Patterson 3. Systematic Approaches Charles Selengut 4. Theology: War and Peace in Comparative Religion Victor Popovski 5. Academic Approaches Peter Berger 6. History and the Mysteries of History Philip Jenkins 7. The Military John Carlson 8. Globalization and Religion Max Stackhouse 9. Governance and Religion Part 3: War, Culture and Religion 10. International Relations Theory, Religion, and COIN Chris Coker 11. Types of War and Religious Contributions: Civil, Revolutionary, Genocide, Insurgency, Criminal) Pauletta Otis 12. Religious Contributions to the Stages and Phases of War Pauletta Otis 13. Types of Religious Violence: Beheading, Suicide Bombing, and Terrorism Bruce Hoffman 14. War and the Ethics of Arms Timothy Demy 15. Lessons Learned from Iraq Michael Hoyt Part 4: The Global Environment 16. The Global Statistics Paul Marshal 17. Europe: Bosnia, Kosovo, Croatia Paul Mojes 18. Israel and Palestine Marc Gopin 19. Central America: Criminal Gangs and Religious Symbology. Bibliography June 2011: 246 x 174: 384pp Hb: 978-0-415-66744-9: £110.00

2009: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-49637-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86790-7

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Global Jihadism Theory and Practice Jarret M. Brachman Series: Political Violence

’Jarret Brachman’s brilliant analysis of the ideology that inspires and sustains Al Qaeda and other violent jihadi movements will greatly enhance understanding of the threat they pose to peace and security. It is an invaluable aid for those engaged in combating the recruitment of future generations of jihadi suicide terrorists.’ - Paul Wilkinson , University of St. Andrews, UK ’Global Jihadism is an important contribution to the literature on al Qaeda and Salafist jihadism specifically and terrorism in general. Brachman masterfully dissects the ideology and strategy as well as the information operations and actual plots and attacks that have sustained this movement since 9/11. The book provides a timely and incisive analysis of the most pressing security challenge of our time.’ - Bruce Hoffman, Georgetown University, USA 2008: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-45241-0: £95.00 Pb: 978-0-415-45242-7: £24.99 eBook: 978-0-203-89505-4 For more information, visit:

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June 2011: 234 x 156: 192pp Hb: 978-0-415-66525-4: £75.00 For more information, visit:

Life as a Weapon The Global Rise of Suicide Bombings Riaz Hassan Suicide bombing has become a weapon of choice among terrorist groups because of its lethality and ability to cause mayhem and fear. But who carries out these acts, and what motivates them? By undertaking analysis of the information in the most comprehensive suicide terrorism database in the world, Life as a Weapon seeks to question and in turn undermine the common perception that the psychopathology of suicide bombers and their religious beliefs are the principal causes. Instead, the book presents a cocktail of motivations that drive suicide bombers, and explains how their actions achieve multiple purposes – community approval, political success, liberation of the homeland, personal redemption or honour, refusal to accept subjugation, revenge, anxiety, defiance. Life as a Weapon is a pivotal text in the discussion surrounding suicide bombings, and as such it is of relevance to undergraduate students, postgraduates, and researchers working in areas such as Security Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Terrorism, Criminology and Political Science. August 2010: 234 x 156: 288pp Hb: 978-0-415-58885-0: £95.00 eBook: 978-0-203-84457-1 For more information, visit:

Political Islam A Critical Reader Edited by Frederic Volpi, University of St Andrews, UK September 2010: 246 x 174: 488pp Hb: 978-0-415-56027-6: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-56028-3: £27.99 For more information, visit:

Mawlana Mawdudi and Political Islam Authority and the Islamic state Roy Jackson, University of Gloucestershire, UK September 2010: 234 x 156: 216pp Hb: 978-0-415-47411-5: £80.00 Pb: 978-0-415-47412-2: £21.99

co unter t errorism & counte r in s u r g ency 10

Counter Terrorism & Counterinsurgency New



Routledge Handbook of Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency

Understanding Counterinsurgency

The Psychology of Counter-Terrorism

Edited by Paul B. Rich and Isabelle Duyvesteyn, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands This new handbook offers a wide-ranging examination of the current state of academic analysis and debate as well as an up-to-date survey of contemporary insurgent movements and counter-insurgencies. Selected Contents: Introduction: The Study of Insurgency and Counter-insurgency Paul Rich and Isabelle Duyvesteyn Part 1: Theoretical and Analytical Issues 1. The Historiography of Insurgency Ian Beckett 2. The Sociological and Psychological Study of Insurgency and Counter-insurgency Jeffrey Sluka 3. Rethinking the Nature of Insurgency Steven Metz 4. Changing Forms of Insurgency: Pirates and Narco-Gangs? Robert Bunker 5. Insurgency, Counter-Insurgency and Policing Alice Hills 6. Insurgency and Cyber-War David Betz 7. Ethical Dimensions to Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency Christopher Coker Part 2: Insurgent Movements 8. Insurgent Movements in Latin America Daniel Castro 9. Insurgent Movements in Africa William Reno 10. Insurgent Movements in Iraq Ahmed Hashim 11. The Insurgency of Hamas and Hizballah 12. Insurgent Movements in South East Asia Larry Cline 13. Insurgent Movements in Pakistan Christine Fair 14. Insurgency in Afghanistan Antonio Giustozzi 15. Insurgent Movements in India Navnita Chadha Behera 16. Insurgent Movements in Russia John Russell Part 3: Counter-Insurgency 17. The Debate on Counter-Insurgency William Rosenau 18. The Technology and Logistics of Modern Counter-Insurgency Kevin O’Brien 19. Trends in US Counter-Insurgency Tom Mockaitis 20. Counter-Insurgency in Iraq and Afghanistan: A Strategic Watershed? John Nagl 21. On Israeli Counter-Insurgent Doctrines and Practice Sergio Catignani 22. A ’Successful’ Model of Counter-Insurgency? The Sri Lankan Government’s War against the LTTE 23. British Counter-Insurgency since Ulster Warren Chin 24. Counter-Insurgency in a Non-Democratic State: The Russian Example Yuri Zhukov 25. Counter-Insurgency in South America Mark T. Berger 26. Counter-Insurgency in India Sumit Ganguly and David Fidler 27. Counter-Insurgency in Pakistan Julian Schofield 28. Counter-Insurgency in China Martin I. Wayne 29. Counter-Insurgency in South East Asia Tom Marks Part 4: Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in a Globalising World 30. Contemporary Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency David Kilcullen 31. Emerging Trends in the Twenty-First Century Paul Rich and Isabelle Duyvesteyn August 2011: 246 x 174: 400pp Hb: 978-0-415-56733-6: £110.00

Doctrine, Operations, and Challenges Edited by Thomas Rid, American Academy, Berlin, Germany and Thomas Keaney, Johns Hopkins University, USA

This textbook offers an accessible introduction to counterinsurgency operations, a key aspect of modern warfare. Featuring essays by some of the world’s leading experts on unconventional conflict, both scholars and practitioners, the book discusses how modern regular armed forces react, and should react, to irregular warfare. The volume is divided

into three main sections: • Doctrinal Origins: analysing the intellectual and historical roots of modern Western theory and practice • Operational Aspects: examining the specific role of various military services in counterinsurgency, but also special forces, intelligence, and local security forces • Challenges: looking at wider issues, such as governance, culture, ethics, civil-military cooperation, information operations, and time. Understanding Counterinsurgency is the first comprehensive textbook on counterinsurgency, and will be essential reading for all students of small wars, counterinsurgency and counterterrorism, strategic studies and security studies, both in graduate and undergraduate courses as well as in professional military schools. Selected Contents: 1. Understanding Counterinsurgency Thomas Keaney and Thomas Rid Part 1: Doctrine 2. France Etienne de Durand 3. Britain Alexander Alderson 4. Germany Timo Noetzel 5. United States Conrad Crane Part 2: Operational Aspects 6. Army Peter Mansoor 7. Marine Corps Frank Hoffman 8. Airpower Charles Dunlap, Jr 9. Naval Support Martin Murphy 10. Special Operations Kalev Sepp 11. Intelligence David Kilcullen 12. Local Security Forces John Nagl Part 3: Challenges 13. Governance Nadia Schadlow 14. Culture Montgomery McFate 15. Ethics Sarah Sewall 16. Information Operations Andrew Exum 17. Civil-Military Integration Michelle Parker and Matthew Irvine 18. Time Austin Long 19. Counterinsurgency in Context Thomas Rid and Thomas Keaney. Suggested Further Reading

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April 2010: 246 x 174: 280pp Hb: 978-0-415-77764-3: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77765-0: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-85237-8


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Edited by Andrew Silke, University of East London, UK Series: Political Violence

This edited book explores how psychology can be used to improve our understanding of terrorism and counterterrorism.

This work firstly aims to provide balanced and objective insight into the psychology of terrorists; what their motivations are, what keeps them involved in terrorist groups, and what eventually forces most to end their active involvement in terrorism. Secondly, the contributors focus on the challenging issue of how to respond to terrorism. These chapters provide information for those concerned with short-term tactical problems (e.g. interviewing), as well as those looking towards the more long-term strategic questions of bringing an entire terrorist campaign to an end. Ultimately, the individuals involved in terrorism require a more complex response from society than simply a quest for their apprehension. Believing inaccurate and misleading characterizations leads inevitably to damaging policies and deficient outcomes and campaigns of violence are needlessly prolonged. It is from this perspective that the concern arises with how researchers – and the policy makers guided by them – perceive the psychology of terrorists and of terrorism. This innovative book will be of great interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, security studies, psychology and politics, as well as security professionals and military colleges. Selected Contents: 1. The Psychology of Counterterrorism: Critical Issues and Challenges Andrew Silke 2. Understanding Terrorist Psychology Randy Borum 3. The Psychology of Violent Radicalisation Brooke Rogers 4. Why People Support Terrorism Reena Kumari 5. The Evolutionary Logic of Terrorism Rick O’Gorman 6. The Internet and Terrorism Lorraine Bowman-Grieve 7. The Impact of the Media on Terrorism and Counterterrorism Deborah Browne and Andrew Silke 8. Disengaging from Terrorism Neil Ferguson 9. Terrorists and Extremists in Prison: Psychological Issues in Management and Reform Andrew Silke 10. Interrogation Tactics and Terrorist Suspects John Pearse 11. Terrorist Tactics and Counter-Terrorism Graeme Steven 12. Deterring Terrorism: Target-Hardening, Surveillance and the Prevention of Terrorism Pete Fussey 13. Countering the Psychological Impact of Terrorism: Challenges for Homeland Security Anthony Richards October 2010: 234 x 156: 216pp Hb: 978-0-415-55839-6: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-55840-2: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-84026-9

The Counter-insurgency Myth

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The British Experience of Irregular Warfare Andrew Mumford Series: Cass Military Studies This book examines the complex practice of counterinsurgency warfare through the prism of the British experiences of irregular war in the post-war era, from Malaya up to the current Iraq war. June 2011: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-66745-6: £75.00

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c ounte r te r ro r i s m & c o unte r in s u r g ency 11

Walking Away from Terrorism

US Counter-Terrorism Strategy and al-Qaeda

The De-Radicalization of Jihadists

Accounts of Disengagement from Radical and Extremist Movements

Signalling and the Terrorist World-View

Transforming Armed Islamist Movements

Joshua A. Geltzer, Yale University, USA

Omar Ashour, Exeter University, UK

John Horgan, Pennsylvania State University, USA

Series: Contemporary Security Studies

Series: Contemporary Terrorism Studies

Series: Political Violence

This book examines the communicative aspects and implications of US counter-terrorist policies towards al-Qaeda. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: al-Qaeda as Audience 2. Communicators and Audiences 3. America’s CounterTerrorist Communications 4. The al-Qaeda World-View 5. The View of the Audience 6. Conclusion: Understanding and Improving Communication 7. Appendix: Individuals Interviewed 8. References

’The De-Radicalization of Jihadists is an outstanding piece of work...Ashour manages to provide a highly detailed, very well-presented analysis of how and why several of the most important armed Islamist movements over the last 70 years have successfully sought to fundamentally alter their ideology, behaviour and structure and why this has been unattainable for others.’ - Chris Macmillan, International Affairs

2009: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-55232-5: £75.00 Pb: 978-0-415-66452-3: £22.50 eBook: 978-0-203-87023-5

’What Omar Ashour has produced is truly a pioneering work in an area of growing sociopolitical and geopolitical significance.’ - Saad Eddine Ibrahim, Harvard and American University in Cairo, Egypt

’John Horgan’s contribution is immense... This is a must-read book for any person who wishes to understand the complex psychological processes that influence terrorists behavior and especially what makes terrorists relinquish violence.’ - Ariel Merari, Tel Aviv University, Israel

’Walking Away from Terrorism presents a thoughtfully argued and carefully documented examination of why individuals decide to leave radical and extremist movements — an issue that has been largely neglected by researchers.’ - Gary LaFree, University of Maryland, USA This accessible new book looks at how and why individuals leave terrorist movements, and considers the lessons and implications that emerge from this process. Focusing on the tipping points for disengagement from groups such as Al Qaeda, the IRA and the UVF, this volume is informed by the dramatic and sometimes extraordinary accounts that the terrorists themselves offered to the author about why they left terrorism behind. 2009: 234 x 156: 216pp Hb: 978-0-415-43943-5: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-43944-2: £22.99 eBook: 978-0-203-87473-8 For more information, visit:


Terrorist Rehabilitation and Counter-Radicalisation New Approaches to Counter-Terrorism Edited by Lawrence Rubin, Rohan Gunaratna, IDSS, Singapore and Jolene Anne R. Jerard Series: Political Violence

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Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance A Comparative Study Beatrice de Graaf, Leiden University, the Netherlands Series: Contemporary Terrorism Studies This book offers a new model for measuring the success and impact of counterterrorism strategies, using four comparative historical case studies. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The Dutch Approach: Restrained and Fragmented 3. The Federal Republic of Germany: Democracy Under Fire 4. Counterterrorism in the United States: Countering Subversives, Revolutionaries and Communists 5. Counterterrorism in Italy: Deception or Mismanagement? 6. The Performative Power of Counterterrorism 7. Police Practice as Signifier 8. Intelligence Signifiers 9. Terrorists on Trial: The Courtroom as Stage 10. The ‘Performance’ of Counterterrorism Policy March 2011: 234 x 156: 336pp Hb: 978-0-415-59886-6: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-82817-5 For more information, visit:

Talking to Terrorists

2009: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-48545-6: £75.00 Pb: 978-0-415-58834-8: £23.50 eBook: 978-0-203-87709-8 For more information, visit:

Multilateral Counter-Terrorism The Global Politics of Cooperation and Contestation Peter Romaniuk, City University of New York, USA Series: Global Institutions

Contemporary terrorism is a global phenomenon requiring a globalized response. In this book Peter Romaniuk aims to assess to what extent states seek multilateral responses to the threats they face from terrorists. Providing a concise history and a clear discussion of current patterns of counter-terrorist co-operation, this book: • analyses a wide spectrum of institutions from the United Nations and its various bodies to military, intelligence and law enforcement agencies

Concessions and the Renunciation of Violence

• explains the full range of cooperative counter-terrorist activities and the patterns across them, from the use of intelligence and military force to criminal law measures, financial controls and diplomacy

Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Rohan Gunaratna and Lawrence Rubin 2. Islamist DeRadicalization in Algeria: The Case of Islamic Salvation Army and Affiliated Militias Omar Ashour 3. Non-Kinetic Approaches to Counter-Terrorism: A Case Study of Egypt and the Islamic Group Lawrence Rubin 4. Terrorist Rehabilitation: The Singapore Experience Rohan Gunaratna and Mohamed Feisal Bin Mohamed Hassan 5. Terrorist Rehabilitation Abdulrahman Al-Hadlaq 6. Extremist Disengagement in Saudi Arabia: Prevention, Rehabilitation and Aftercare Christopher Boucek 7. Thinking Strategically About Terrorist Rehabilitation: Lessons from Iraq Major General Douglas Stone 8. Dialogue and its Effects on Countering Terrorism: The Yemeni Experience Judge Hamoud Abdulhameed Al-Hitar 9. Challenges of Establishing a Rehabilitation Programme in Pakistan Tariq Parvez 10. Aspects of Deradicalisation Arie W. Kruglanski, Michele J. Gelfand, and Rohan Gunaratna

Carolin Goerzig, European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), Paris

• examines under what conditions states cooperate to suppress terrorism

Series: Contemporary Terrorism Studies

• evaluates how existing international institutions been affected by the US-led ’global war on terror,’ launched after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

February 2011: 234 x 156: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-58293-3: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-58293-0

May 2010: 234 x 156: 192pp Hb: 978-0-415-57997-1: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-84697-1

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This book seeks to explore the new frontiers in counter-terrorism research, analyses and practice, focusing on the imperative to rehabilitate terrorists.

This book examines the doctrine of giving no concessions to terrorists, and uses empirical research to establish whether there is any link between negotiating with such groups and the spread of violence. Selected Contents: 1. Questioning the No-ConcessionsDoctrine 2. Arguing for a Differentiated Picture 3. The Jama’ah Islamiya’s Change of Means and the Reaction of the Egyptian Jihad and Al Qaeda 4. The PLO’s Change of Ends and the Reaction of Hamas 5. The AUC’s Change of Means and the Reaction of the ELN 6. The PKK’s Change of Ends and the Reaction of the Turkish Hezbollah 7. Implications for Policy 8. Conclusion

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The book contests that the whilst there are several notable examples of successful counterterrorism cooperation, past and present, this work suggests that the broader trend can only be understood if we accept that across the domains of counter-terrorism policy, cooperation often resembles a competition for influence over outcomes. March 2010: 216 x 138: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-77647-9: £70.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77648-6: £17.99 eBook: 978-0-203-85741-0 For more information, visit:

co unter t errorism & counte r in s u r g ency • inte rnat i on a l s ecu r i t y 12 New

The End of Terrorism Leonard Weinberg, University of Nevada, Reno, USA

International Security

Series: Extremism and Democracy This book considers not the beginning or origins of terrorism but how groups that use terrorism end. Virtually all the groups that employed terrorist violence during the 1960s and 1970s have passed from the scene in one way or another. Likewise most of the individuals who embarked on ‘careers’ in terrorism over these same years now engage in other pursuits. The author argues that al-Qaida and the various violent Islamist groups it has inspired are, like their predecessors, bound to bring their operations to an end. Rather than discussing the defection or de-radicalization of individuals the book aims to analyze how terrorist groups end. It examines the historical record and analyzes in some detail the various ends of these violent organizations. Much of the analysis is based on a massive data collection on terrorism compiled by researchers at the national security studies center at the University of Haifa. As a result, the book provides a unique empirically informed perspective on the end of terrorism that is a valuable addition to the currently available in the literature on the subject. July 2011: 234 x 156: 192pp Hb: 978-0-415-78117-6: £75.00 Pb: 978-0-415-78118-3: £24.99 For more information, visit:

Exceptionalism and the Politics of Counter-Terrorism Liberty, Security and the War on Terror Andrew W. Neal, University of Edinburgh Series: Routledge Studies in Liberty and Security This book is an analysis and critique of the concepts of ‘exception’ and ‘exceptionalism’ in the context of the politics of liberty and security in the so-called ‘War on Terror’. 2009: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-45675-3: £75.00 Pb: 978-0-415-66453-0: £22.50 eBook: 978-0-203-86758-7 For more information, visit:


The EU and Counter-Terrorism Politics, Polity and Policies after 9/11 Javier Argomaniz, University of St. Andrews, UK Series: Contemporary Terrorism Studies This book offers a theoretically informed analysis of how coherently the European Union fights terrorism in the post-9/11 era. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Part 1: Politics 2. Post-9/11 Institutionalisation of European Union Counter-Terrorism Part 2: Polity 3. The Institutional Framework of EU Counter-terrorism 4. Institutional Consistency Part 3: Policies 5. The EU Counter-Terror Policy Response 6. Horizontal Consistency 7. Vertical Consistency 8. Conclusion: Institutionalisation, Consistency Weaknesses and Implications. Bibliography June 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-56525-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86170-7 For more information, visit:

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Edited by Peter Katona, UCLA, USA, John P. Sullivan, National Terrorism Early Warning Resource Center, Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, USA and Michael D. Intriligator, UCLA, USA Series: Contemporary Security Studies This book explores a range of biohealth and biosecurity threats, places them in context, and offers responses and solutions from global and local, networked and pyramidal, as well as specialized and interdisciplinary perspectives. Selected Contents: Preface. Reflections of an Old Bioweaponeer. Introduction: Global Biosecurity and the Spectrum of Infectious Disease Threats Part 1: Assessing the Threats of Natural and Deliberate Epidemics 1. Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases 2. Biological Warfare and Bioterrorism: How Do They Differ from Other WMD Threats 3. A History of Bioterrorism and Biocrimes 4. Food and Agricultural Biosecurity 5. The Economic, Political, and Social Impacts of Bioterrorism 6. Technology and the Global Proliferation of Dual-Use Biotechnologies 7. Conflict and Environmental Security Setting the Stage for Humanitarian Crises Part 2: Gaps and Weaknesses in Current Public Health Preparedness and Response Systems 8. Problems in Coordinating Health, Law Enforcement and Intelligence Activities in the U.S. and Europe 9. Emerging Roles of Reserve Forces: National Guard Role and Mission in Domestic Preparedness 10. Mitigating Crisis Through Communication Part 3: Integrated Approaches to Infectious-Disease Preparedness and Response 11a. Bioterrorism Surveillance 11b. The Role of Informal Information Sources as an Adjunct to Routine Disease Surveillance 12. A Public Health Model for WMD Threat Assessment: Connecting the Bioterrorism Dots on the Local Level 13. Integrating Local, State, and Federal Responses to Infectious Threat 14. Vulnerable Populations in Disaster Planning: Children are Different 15. Developing a New Paradigm for Biodefense in the 21st Century: Adapting our Healthcare Response to the Biodisaster Threat 16. Biosecurity 17. Towards a Global Ius Pestilentiae: The Functions of Law in Global Biosecurity Conclusion. Epilogue January 2010: 234 x 156: 352pp Hb: 978-0-415-46053-8: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86024-3

This book offers a genealogical investigation into the phenomenon of terror in the 21st century. Selected Contents: 1. Battle for the Soul of the 21st Century 2. The Liberal Theology 3. Life in Circulation 4. Deliverance from Evil 5. Pure Violence 6. Terror in all Eventuality July 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-58882-9: £75.00 For more information, visit:


Corporate Risk and National Security Redefined Karen Lund Petersen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark Series: Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics Situated within the debate on terrorism risk and security, this book investigates the role of private companies in counter-terrorism policies. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Risk Studies: Defining a Place for Politics? 3. Studying Concepts of Risk and Security 4. Counterterrorism in Denmark: A Welfare State Approach to Private Security? 5. Counterterrorism in the United States: A Liberal Approach to Counterterrorism? 6. Conclusions: Political and Private Responsibility and Authority Redefined May 2011: 234 x 156: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-57999-5: £75.00 For more information, visit:


Human Security, Law and the Prevention of Terrorism Andrej Zwitter, University of Groningen, the Netherlands

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Series: Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics


The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies Edited by Victor Mauer and Myriam Dunn Cavelty, both at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland Focusing on contemporary challenges, the Routledge Handbook of Security Studies offers a wide-ranging collection of cutting-edge essays from leading scholars in the field of Security Studies, and is now available in paperback. Selected Contents: Part 1: Theoretical Approaches to Security and Different ‘Securities’ Part 2: Contemporary Security Challenges Part 3: Regional Security Challenges Part 4: Confronting Security Challenges


Global Security, Divine Power and Emergency Rule Series: PRIO New Security Studies

Threats and Responses

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Liberal Terror Brad Evans, University of Leeds, UK

Global Biosecurity

July 2011: 246 x 174: 498pp Pb: 978-0-415-66472-1: £28.99


Combining social science research with legal sociology and international law, this book examines the important questions of which threats to human security lead to terrorism and what can be done by the international community in response. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Part 1: Theories 2. Working Definition of Human Security 3. An International Legal Perspective on Prevention of Terrorism and Human Security 4. Human Security Measurement 5. A Root Cause Approach for Political Violence 6. Ideology and the Mobilization of Terrorism 7. Capabilities and Opportunities: From Terrorism to Conflict Part 2: Application 8. Overview of Action by the UN on Terrorism Prevention 9. Humanitarian Aid’s Constrains of Adressing Root Causes 10. The Comprehensive Root Cause Approach - Application of the Framework Developed 11. Conclusion Appendices October 2010: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-58201-8: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-83979-9 For more information, visit:

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a s i a & t e r ro r i s m 13 New


Constructing Global Enemies

Intelligence and International Security

Hegemony and Identity in International Discourses on Terrorism and Drug Prohibition Eva Herschinger, Universitaet der Bundeswehr Munich, Germany Series: New International Relations

Examines efforts to counteract terrorism at the international level and drug prohibition policies.

Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. On Hegemony and Identity in International Security Discourses 3. Opening the ‘Black Box’: The Construction of International Hegemonies 4. International Drug Prohibition: Constructing the ‘Drug-Free World’ 5. Writing the ‘War on Terror’: The Struggle of Hegemonic Projects 6. Comparing the ‘War on Drugs’ and the ‘War on Terror’ 7. Conclusion. Appendix November 2010: 234 x 156: 224pp Hb: 978-0-415-59685-5: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-83638-5 For more information, visit:


Politics of Catastrophe Genealogies of the Unknown Claudia Aradau, Open University and Rens Van Munster, University of Southern Denmark Series: PRIO New Security Studies This book explores the governmentality of terror as a complex discursive and institutional formation deployed at the horizon of a catastrophic future. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Securing Catastrophic Futures 3. Conjectures of Catastrophe: ‘The Next Terrorist Attack’ 4. Economies of Catastrophe 5. Imagining Catastrophes 6. Aesthetics of Catastrophe 7. Catastrophe, Exception, Event 8. Conclusion May 2011: 234 x 156: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-49809-8: £75.00 For more information, visit:

Muslims in the West after 9/11 Religion, Politics and Law Edited by Jocelyne Cesari, Harvard University, USA Series: Routledge Studies in Liberty and Security This book is the first systematic attempt to study the situation of European and American Muslims after 9/11, and to present a comprehensive analysis of their religious, political, and legal situations. 2009: 234 x 156: 264pp Hb: 978-0-415-77655-4: £90.00 Pb: 978-0-415-77654-7: £23.99 eBook: 978-0-203-86396-1 For more information, visit:

Asia & Terrorism

New Perspectives and Agendas


Edited by Len Scott, R. Gerald Hughes and Martin Alexander, all at University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK

Crime-Terror Nexus in South Asia

This book addresses fundamental questions arising from the events of 9/11 and subsequent acts of jihadist terrorism, together with the failures of intelligence agencies over Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction. It was published as a special issue of Intelligence and National Security. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: Journeys in Twilight Len Scott, R. Gerald Hughes and Martin S. Alexander 2. The Future of Intelligence: Seeking Perfection in an Imperfect World? Len Scott and R. Gerald Hughes 3. Global Intelligence Co-operation versus Accountability: New Facets to an Old Problem Richard J. Aldrich 4. ‘The Internationalismof Islam’: The British Perception of a Muslim Menace, 1840–1951 John Ferris 5. Security Intelligence and Human Rights: Illuminating the ‘Heart of Darkness’? Peter Gill 6. Rise, Fall and Regeneration: From CIA to EU Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones 7. Intelligence Cooperation Meets International Studies Theory: Explaining Canadian Operations in Castro’s Cuba Don Munton 8. From Saigon to Baghdad: The Vietnam Syndrome, the Iraq War and American Foreign Policy Andrew Priest

States, Security and Non-State Actors Ryan Clarke, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Series: Asian Security Studies This book examines the crime-terror nexus in South Asia, focusing in particular on the activities of non-state actors that operate out of Pakistan, and challenges the conventional wisdom that the Pakistan Taleban (TTP) and Al-Qaeda are Pakistan’s most serious security threats. Selected Contents: Introduction 1. Analysis of Current Research 2. Misgovernance and Proxy Warfare in Kashmir: Laying the Groundwork for the Crime-Terror Nexus 3. The Crime-Terror Nexus and Chinese Arms in Indian-Held Kashmir 4. Lashkar-i-Taiba: The Fallacy of Subservient Proxies and the Future of Islamist Terrorism in India 5. LeT and D-Company in Pakistan – Selective Justice, Sectarianism, and Artificial Distinctions 6. Breakdown of Order in FATA: Driven by the Pakistani Taliban and Al-Qaeda but Ideologically Underwritten by LeT 7. The Pakistani Economy – Imbalances and Contradictions, Incomplete Islamization, and D-Company as a Strategic Asset

October 2010: 246 x 174: 184pp Hb: 978-0-415-58387-9: £80.00

April 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-61031-5: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-81894-7

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India and Counterinsurgency


International Security

Lessons Learned

An Introduction

Edited by Sumit Ganguly and David P. Fidler, both at Indiana University, Bloomington, USA

Adrian Hyde-Price, University of Bath, UK

Series: Asian Security Studies

This textbook introduces students to the study of contemporary international security. It is aimed at second and third year undergraduates as well as postgraduate students undertaking a taught Masters degree programme. Eschewing jargon, this textbook is clear and accessible; with pedagogical features such as boxes, key points, further reading and student questions. Key theories and concepts are presented in the introductory chapters, and applied to the case-studies and empirical examples in subsequent chapters. Its strong empirical dimension allows it to illustrate contemporary international security problems and issues. The book will be essential reading for upper-level students of international or global security studies, and recommended reading for students of strategic studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies and IR in general. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction Part 1: Theories and Approaches 2. Theories about International Security 3. Globalisation and International Security Part 2: Contemporary Security Issues 4. Humanitarian Intervention 5. International Terrorism 6. Nuclear Proliferation Part 3: Regional Security 7. The Middle East 8. Russia, Eurasia and Energy Security 9. China and East Asia 10. Human Security and ‘New Wars’ Part 4: Conclusion 11. Conflict and Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century November 2011: 246 x 174: 256pp Hb: 978-0-415-55036-9: £85.00 Pb: 978-0-415-55037-6: £22.99 For more information, visit:

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Filling a clear gap in the literature, this book focuses on India’s experiences waging counterinsurgency campaigns since its independence in 1947. It addresses the pressing military and civilian needs in the counterinsurgency arena by focusing on the lessons that can be learned by other states from India’s extensive endeavours.

2009: 234 x 156: 272pp Hb: 978-0-415-49103-7: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-87920-7 For more information, visit:

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asia & te rrorism • t he m i d d l e e a st & te r ro r i s m • pi r acy 14



The Making of Terrorism in Pakistan Historical and Social Roots of Extremism Eamon Murphy, Curtin University of Technology, Australia


Series: Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies

Maritime Piracy

This book aims to explain the rise of Pakistan as a centre of Islamic extremism by going back to the roots of the state and the nature of Islam in Pakistan. The broad aim therefore is to examine the social, and political and economic factors that have contributed to the rise of terrorism in Pakistan. This is the first book to employ a Critical Terrorism Studies (CTS) approach to explain the origins and nature of terrorism in Pakistan. It will be of great interest to students of Critical Terrorism Studies, Asian Politics, Security Studies and IR in general. Selected Contents: Part 1: Islam, the Formation of Pakistan, and the First Military Dictatorship, 1947-69 1. A Clash of Civilizations? Islam in Pakistan 2. A Dream of a Secular, Inclusive, Democratic State Lost: Mohammed Ali Jinnah and the Formation of Pakistan 3. Class, Ethnicity and the Establishment of the New State 4. Enduring Conflict: The Kashmir Conflict and Ongoing Wars with India Part 2: On the Path to Islamization, 1969-98 5. Disaster: The Break-up of Pakistan and the Treat to the Sate’s Srvival 6. A Lost Opportunity: The Failure of Democracy under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto 7. On the Path to Global Terrorism: Islamization under General Zia ul-Haq 8. A Crucible for Terrorism: Afghanistan jihad and the Roles of the US and Saudi Arabia 9. Saudi Arabia and the Spread of Wahhabi Islam in Pakistan 10. Saviour or Failure? General Pervez Musharraf and the War on Terrorism 11. The Acid Test: 9/11 and the War on Terrorism Part 3: Pakistan Jihad and the Emergence of Global Terrorism, 1998-2009 12. A Turning Point? Descent into Chaos or the Restoration of Democracy and the Defeat of Terrorism. Conclusion: The Making of Terrorism July 2011: 234 x 156: 224pp • Hb: 978-0-415-56526-4: £75.00 • eBook: 978-0-203-86169-1 For more information, visit:

The Middle East & Terrorism

Robert Haywood Series: Global Institutions Beginning with an overview and historical development of piracy and the relevant maritime governance structures, Maritime Piracy examines how 20th century shifts in global governance norms and structures eventually left the high seas open for predatory attacks on one of the world’s most fastest growing and essential industries. Moving through contemporary debates about how to best combat piracy, Haywood emphasises that a solution to this chronic global problem requires a long-term, holistic, and inclusive approach. Selected Contents: 1. Overview of the General Subject and Organizational Structure 2. The History and Development of Key Moments of Change in Forms, Intensity, and Locality of Piracy 3. The ’Nuts and Bolts’ of Today’s Maritime Governance 4. The History and Development of the Trends and Governance of Piracy 5. Current Debate in Historical Perspective 6. Key Criticisms 7. Emerging Issues and Future Directions August 2011: 234 x 156: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-78197-8: £65.00 Pb: 978-0-415-78198-5: £16.99 For more information, visit:



Counterterrorism in Turkey

Hamas and Suicide Terrorism


Policy Responses to the PKK (Turkish Workers’ Party)

Multi-Causal and Multi-level Approaches

Mustafa Cosar Unal, Intelligence Department, Turkish National Police

Series: LSE International Studies Series

Somalia: State Collapse, Terrorism and Piracy

Series: Extremism and Democracy Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Political Violence In Turkey 3. The PKK 4. The Characteristics Of The PKK 5. Counterterrorism In General 6. Analyses Of Official Turkish Policies 7. Incapacitating PKK Members 8. Analysis Of Policies From The PKK’s Perspective 9. PKK’s Ability To Initiate, Increase And/Or Decrease Violence 10. Conclusion October 2011: 234 x 156: 208pp Hb: 978-0-415-60749-0: £75.00 For more information, visit:

Rashmi Singh, St. Andrews University, UK This book analyses the root causes of suicide terrorism at both the elite and rank-and- file levels of the Hamas and also explains why this tactic has disappeared in the post-2006 period. Selected Contents: 1. Introductory Remarks 2. Rationality, Nationalism and Political Islam 3. A Brief Political History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict 4. Rationality and the Convergence of Expressive and Instrumental Violence 5. Palestinian Nationalism, Identity and the Norm of Militant Heroic Martyrdom 6. Political Islam and the Rhetoric of Jihad and Martyrdom 7. Concluding Remarks. Appendix A: List of Interviews. Appendix B: Suicide Bombings Conducted by Hamas, 1993-2006. Glossary. Bibliography February 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-49804-3: £75.00


Piracy, Terrorism and Irregular Warfare at Sea

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Israel and Hizbollah

Martin N. Murphy

An Asymmetric Conflict in Historical and Comparative Perspective

This is the first detailed study of irregular warfare at sea, covering such topics as piracy, asymmetric war, and terrorism. Selected Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Navies and Naval Strategy 3. Asymmetry and Irregular 4. Pirates and Privateers 5. Commerce-Raiding and Guerre de Course 6. The Development of Naval Special Forces 7. Modern Asymmetric Challenges 8. From the Sea: Raiding and Presence 9. Conclusion. Bibliography December 2011: 234 x 156: 240pp Hb: 978-0-415-55039-0: £75.00

Edited by Clive Jones and Sergio Catignani Series: Middle Eastern Military Studies This book examines the local and international dynamics and strategies that have come to define the often violent relationship between Israel and Lebanon. 2009: 234 x 156: 216pp Hb: 978-0-415-44910-6: £75.00 eBook: 978-0-203-86552-1 For more information, visit:

The situation in Somalia today embodies some of the most pressing issues in international relations. How should the international community deal with the collapsed state that is Somalia? From the presence of al-Qaeda operatives to pirates, to what extent is Somalia a threat to global peace and commerce? Which aspects of Somalia’s economic, social and political landscape can be considered successful, and how do these ‘success stories’ reflect some of the more problematic issues the country faces? This book sheds light on all of these topics and more. The book is written to appeal to a wide audience, from specialists in international security, development and/or humanitarian issues, to students and casual readers. Its six contributing authors, with their focus on current events mixed with historical perspective, ensure readers get varying views of what is happening today in the Horn of Africa. The book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary African Studies.

Navies Confront the 21st Century Series: Cass Series: Naval Policy and History

Edited by Brian J. Hesse, Northwest Missouri State University, USA

Selected Contents: 1. Introduction: The Myth of ‘Somalia’ Brian J. Hesse 2. The UN-Led Djibouti Peace Process for Somalia 2008–2009: Results and Problems Apuuli Phillip Kasaija 3. Somalia and Global Terrorism: A Growing Connection? Mohamed Ibrahim 4. The Fourth Point: An Examination of the Influence of Kenyan Somalis in Somalia Donovan C. Chau 5. An Open Letter to Uncle Sam: America, Pray Leave Somalia to Its Own Devices Said S. Samatar 6. Putting Somali Piracy in Context J. Peter Pham 7. Where Somalia Works Brian J. Hesse March 2011: 246 x 174: 176pp Hb: 978-0-415-59463-9: £80.00 For more information, visit:

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Routledge Paperbacks Direct A new way to expand your personal library! A growing selection of our Security, Strategic and Military Studies hardback monographs are now available, for individual purchase, in paperback format from the price of £22.50. These books are only available directly from Routledge and can be ordered in one of three easy ways: Online: • Telephone Hotline: +44 (0)1235 400524 • Post: Use order form at the back Title





Armed Groups and the Balance of Power

Anthony Vinci



China’s War on Terrorism

Martin I. Wayne



Contemporary State Terrorism

Edited by Richard Jackson, Eamon Murphy and Scott Poynting



Critical Terrorism Studies

Edited by Richard Jackson, Marie Breen Smyth and Jeroen Gunning



Exceptionalism and the Politics of CounterTerrorism

Andrew W. Neal



Late Ottoman Genocides

Edited by Dominik J. Schaller and Jürgen Zimmerer



Radical Islam and International Security

Edited by Efraim Inbar and Hillel Frisch



Religion and Political Violence

Jennifer L. Jefferis



Special Forces, Strategy and the War on Terror

Alastair Finlan



State Violence and Genocide in Latin America

Edited by Marcia Esparza, Henry R. Huttenbach and Daniel Feierstein



Terrorism and the Politics of Response

Edited by Angharad Closs Stephens and Nick Vaughan-Williams



Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Edited by Ian Bellany



The De-Radicalization of Jihadists

Omar Ashour



The Homeland Security Dilemma

Frank P. Harvey



The Psychology of Strategic Terrorism

Ben Sheppard



The Strategy of Terrorism

Peter R. Neumann and M.L.R. Smith



Transatlantic Homeland Security

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen and Daniel Hamilton



Understanding Terrorist Innovation

Adam Dolnik



US Counter-Terrorism Strategy and al-Qaeda

Joshua A. Geltzer



US National Security, Intelligence and Democracy

Edited by Russell A. Miller



Women and Political Violence

Miranda Alison



Women and Terrorism

Margaret Gonzalez-Perez



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Terrorism and Political Violence 2011 (UK)