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Book Of Drawings

Care Home Of The Future Architectural Design: Tectonics Unit 5 Roula Traboulsi (s1850622) Group 6 Members: Roula Traboulsi, Kayla Bain (Architecture) Shimeng Dai, Sijin Cheng, Jiaqian Cao (Landscape Architecture)



Contents Project Overview..................................................................... 1 Fieldwork................................................................................. 2 Past........................................................................................... 3 Present.................................................................................... 4 Future....................................................................................... 5 Masterplan..............................................................................

6

Site diagrams.......................................................................... 7 Site perspective ..................................................................... 8 Site Plan................................................................................... 9 Landscape .............................................................................. 10 Concept .................................................................................. 11 Themes.................................................................................... 12 Circulation .............................................................................. 13 Programme............................................................................. 14 Plans................................................................................ 15 - 20 Elevations................................................................................ 21 Sections.......................................................................... 23 - 25 Dwelling layout.............................................................. 26 - 27 Structure ................................................................................. 28 Detail............................................................................... 29 - 30 Environmental Strategies...................................................... 31 Perspectives.................................................................... 32 - 36


Project Overview Care Homes Background

Impact of COVID-19 on Care Homes

Introduction of our project

It is anticipated that by the year 2030, the amount of people living to over 80 years old is to increase by 82%. As we begin to age all of our abilities begin to declinesensory, balance, cognition, motor skills and overall health. With this increase in the elderly population, there has been a rapid increase in the number of independent care homes since the 1990’s in the UK. According to the BUPA census, care homes are simply a location of “last resort” for individuals with high support needs near the end of life.

The majority of people living in care homes have multiple long-term health conditions, and the majority of residents are affected by physical d i s a b i l i t y a n d c o g n i t i v e i m p a i r m e n t . Th e s e factors put the residents of care homes at a high vulnerability to COVID-19. It is found that around fifty per cent of all deaths from Covid-19 in Scotland have occurred in care homes. This statistic raises the awareness that there needs to be a major improvement in quality of care to ensure the health and safety of the residents.

Utilizing the combination of group and individual work, our project aims to create a safe and devoted care home considering multi-relationships, nature, health and wellbeing, in order to enhance the quality of life for its residents. Our proposal focuses on creating a strong community engagement through a variety of amenities, as well as creating an nature benefiting environment that can adapt to the physical and mental states of the inhabitants also over time.

The first 5 weeks of the project was centred around group work and developing key themes which would then be carried forward into our individual proposals. Keeping within these themes we aimed to utilize the site to establish a communal and central point in the Musselburgh District.

While care homes focus are and should be predominantly placed on the residents, little recognition has been given to other users such as the staff, students and public. The nursing staff is to be on call 24 hours a day. Therefore, their care is of utmost importance for the well-being of the residents. Similarly, it is important to facilitate the preparation for future nurses in care homes. Therefore our proposal well integrate sufficient spaces and circulation for staff, spaces for student accommodation, whereby students from local university can live at reduced costs in return for 20hrs per week volunteering, and public areas for visitors to make the entire community feel welcomed.

1. How can we develop a program which boosts the residents engagement with the community?

Key Themes:

2. How can we incorporate nature into our design to encourage the physical, psychological and emotional well-being of our residents? 3. How can we use spatial qualities and activities to facilitate a sense of belongingness for our residents?

1


Fieldwork As a group most of us were not able to visit the site due to being abroad in different countries, however one member of the group was able to visit the site and gather information. Further research was conducted through online means. The site is a short two minute walk from the railway station to the north side entrance of the site, but it is currently closed, and this entrance is located on the main road connecting the university with the city centre and residential areas. This is a very public entrance. The path between the university and the site is relatively quiet and suitable for walking. People are often seen walking their dogs.

2


Past

3


Present Wind Rose Our present day analysis looks into features in surrounding the site including forms of transportation, walking distance and wildlife surrounding the site and overall surrounding context.

Sun Path

Average Temperatures and Precipitation

Sun Path- January

Sun Path- June 20

Noise Pollution

One of the dow the site is its loca a train station, t 55<60 DB side the main ro The Site of the site cause 60<65 DB noise poulutio 65<70 DB Adults are ofte 5 mins for increased vul 70<75 DB to noise pollu to slower mental processing and sensory changes that take place in 10 mins process. Persons living with dementia are at an even great risk as t struggle with processing what is going on in their environment, d stimuli can decrease certain strenious effects including: Key

<55 DB

Sleep Disturbance

15 mins

Stress

Cardiovascular issues Daily Int

20 mins

4


Future

Multi-relationship Nature Health & well-being

A multi-generational common center A patch of ecological chain that can attract abundant wildlife species A new type of retirement space in line with the times and urban development

City expansion Care home net

A1

New housing development

QMU

Railway line

Residential area

A1-A2 Section o year New care home

The current campus is still relatively separated from the urban area, but we can imagine the existing vacant area will be filled in the process of city expansion. We hope that through our strategy, the connection between A1-A2 Section 20 years spaces will be closer and more sustainable.

5


Masterplan Section B-B

B

A 1

7 3 2

8

5

9

4 6 11 10

B’

12

A’

0 10 20

1 Community Hub

3 Student Accomodation

5 Care Home

7

2 Retail Store

4 Health Center

6 Extra Care Home

8 Memory Garden

Our proposal is intended to be an epicentre of community engagement. The location of the buildings north of the site places it near the main road and university, creating easy public access. Therefore, at the highest point of the site we decided to locate a public plaza where markets and other activities can be held, alongside the community hub and retail store, which is accessible to all members of the public from the existing main road. Another route into the site was created in the form of a pathway leading from the residential area leading into the Care Home, this would allow for easy visitation from the public to the residents of the Care and Extra Care Homes.

Plaza

9 Care Home private garden 10 Private Self-care garden

50

m

11 Childrens Playground 12 Park

Extra Care Home

Care Home

Health Center

Community Hub

Retail Store

Student Accomodation

Both the Care Home and Extra Care Home is located nearby a road, so that direct vehicular drop-off to the building is possible, additionally with parking located near these buildings. Trees and vegetation is used to act as a sound and visual barrier to these roads and parking. Further parking is located north and south of the site for direct access to the memory garden and park. The memory garden is placed central to all the buildings to highlight its importance. As memory is the recognition, retention, and consolidation progress of things experienced by the human brain, it is precious to all of us, especially for the elderly. Thus by creating a garden dedicated to memory and remembrance we create a sense of community and belongingess for the residents and also create an area of social gathering.

6


Site Diagrams Engagement With Community

By creating new pathways to and from the surrounding areas including a walkway from the residential area, close proximity to Queen Margaret University and connection to the main road north of the site, our proposal engages with the context and promotes social interaction. Along with the close proximity of the buildings creating more of a community atmosphere.

Connection To Nature

Alongside the many green spaces located at the site including grass areas, the memory garden and the park south of the site, we wanted to incorporate elements of greenery inside the building. Each of the buildings has an element of either a green roof and/ or an internal courtyard which connects with the environment and surroundings and overall has many benefits to the mental and physical well-being of the occupants.

Create sense of belongingness

The buildings are arranged in a ‘super-block’ cluster focused around the memory garden, an area for gathering, remembrance and rest. By centralizing this area we bring focus to the residents of the area, and create a communal space for interaction.

Section A-A

7


8


Site Plan

0

5

10

20 m

9


Lansdscape Strategies

Active

I decided to create private gardening pods for the residents, rather than being a large open space I wanted this activity to have a sense of privacy. Therefore I added multiple gardening areas with hedges surrounding them to create a barrier.

Rest

Instead of having simple benches used in the garden spaces, I wanted to design a bench which would not only have comfort for the residence but immerse them in nature, hence the use of flower beds atop the benches.

View

This pavilion was created to give a further experience to the users. A simple timber frame with vines attached to it gives the residents a place to walk through and further feel connected to nature.

10


Concept

Programme Blocks

Initial Form

Higher level North block

Developing heights on each block

Extrusion

Development of views and lighting

11


Themes Engagement With Community

The Extra Care home is located in close proximity to the surrounding buildings: It is directly opposite the health center, across from the Care Home and Queen Margaret Univeristy, behind the community hub and the central memory garden. The building also has 4 side entrances in addtion to the main entrance on the North facade, and creates visual connections to the surroundings through varying level changes.

Connection To Nature

Alongside its location to the memory garden and the private self care garden for the residents of the extra care home, strategies to encorperate nature inside the building was used, primarily in the large open courtyard space accessible to both residents and members of the public. Additionally 3 green roof spaces were added, with the one on the third floor being an interactive space.

Create sense of belongingness

Informal gathering spaces are located on each floor to promote social interaction. Additionally on the third floor is an outdoor terrace space which can be used for gatherings such as barbecue, to create engaging activities for the residents to feel welcomed. The Interior courtyard is made out of a curtain wall, creating a visual connections between the different blocks which creates a sense of community.

12


Circulation Public/ Private Circulation A key element in defining my building was the development and distinction between public and private spaces, this distinction would allow for guidance in circulation for both the residents and the general public.

Resident Circulation Staff Circulation Public Circulation

Corridor Widths The public areas and main entrance is located at the North end of the site, therefore it has the largest corridor width (4m) to encourage more circulation, the corridors begin to shrink in size at the East and West end as it transitions to the accommodation at the South, where the corridor widths are 2m to illustrate its privateness and limit circulation.

Ground Materiality Another way in which the transition from public to private is highlighted is through the use of materiality. The visual distinction allows residents to feel the transition from the public area with a hard concrete floor, to the private area with softwood timber, creating a more homey feel.

Ceiling Heights The ground floors demonstrates a development of height from 4m on the public side to create a feeling of openness and encourage gathering, to 3m on the more private side to create another visual distinction between the two areas.

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Programme Circulation Name

Number

Area (m2)

Total Area (m2)

Communal

Single En-suite Double En-suite

Lounge

1

95

95

Penthouse

Dinning

1

81

82

Communal

Kitchen

1

15

16

Staff

Meeting Room

1

16

16

Ancillary

Assisted Bathroom

2

15

30

Family Bedroom Core

Staff Managers office

1

11

11

Staff Office

1

25

25

Staff Kitchen/ Bathroom

1

26

26

Staff Changing Room

1

16

16

Laundry

1

26

26

General Storage

1

26

24

Cleaners Storage

4

14

56

Recycling Room

1

16

16

Single En-suite

23

56

1288

Double En-suite

14

80

1120

Penthouse

2

295

590

Family Room

1

26

26

Core

4

20

80

Informal gathering area

3

88

264

Total Accommodation

3809

Ancillary

Dwellings

Additional Spaces

Circulation (30%)

1142

Courtyard

630 Total Area

5581

14


Ground Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

15


First Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

16


Second Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

17


Third Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

18


Fourth Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

19


Fifth Floor Plan

0 1

5

10

m

20


Elevations North Elevation

Michael Green Architecture (MGA) Réinventer Paris competition

On the north elevation the gaps of the windows were developed to guide the inhabitants view. The north west side is deemed as more private, as it is closed to the main road, and located directly in front of the health center, therefore the windows are thin and dispersed far apart, as you develop to the North East, the windows progressively increase in size and proximity, becoming more public to guide the view towards the memory garden.

South Elevation

This is an urban proposal, developed as part of the city’s innovative Réinventer Paris competition. It is proposed to be the largest wood building in Paris, its facade strategy was particularly influential to me. This building uses strips of vertical cladding which span throughout the building, with strips of exposed floor plates. This concept is something which I took into designing my facade, utilizing the floor strips to differentiate the ground floor (the public area), the first to third floor (resident flats) and the fourth to fifth floors (the penthouse), this crates a visual distinction of development from public to private from the exterior.

21


Section A-A

0

1

2

3

4

5

m

22


Section B-B

0

1

2

3

4

5

m

23


Section C-C

0

1

2

3

4

5

m

24


Dwellings Layout

Single En-suite

Double En-suite

Single En-suite

3

2

6

2

3

1 4

1

4

1

Double En-suite 5

5

0

The Extra Care building offers different types of accommodation for the residents. One of the options being a single flat with a private en-suite accessible through the room and entrance alongside a small kitchen, living room and private terrace overlooking the southern views. The second option being a shared flat with two bedrooms and an shared en-suite bathroom. This flat would have the same amenities as the single dwelling in addition to a cloak room at its entrance alongside a small dining area in the kitchen. All the rooms have a southern view to maximize the sunlight and direct views into either the courtyard space or the self care garden.

1

2

3

4

5

m

1 Bedroom 2 Bathroom 3 Kitchen 4 Living room 5 Terrace 6 Cloakroom

25


Dwellings Layout Penthouse

Penthouse Upper Level Alongside the single and double dwelling which was specified in the brief, I decided to incorporate the addition of penthouses on the highest floors. This not only gives a variety in room options but as well makes use of the higher level of sunlight and nicer views to courtyard, self care garden on the south and the memory garden on the north. The lower level of the penthouse will house the communal facilities including living room, kitchen, dining and bathroom alongside the cloakroom at the entrance. The upper floor will house the bedrooms: 3 single bedrooms and one larger bedroom with an en-suite. This level will also posses a shared bathroom and a second more private living room space facing the memory garden.

4

1

2

1

1

1

2

Lower Level 1 Bedroom 2 Bathroom 3 Kitchen 4 Living room

6

3 7

4

5 Terrace 6 Cloakroom

2

5

7 Dining Room

0

1

2

3

4

5

m

26


Structural Axonometric

Columns and Beams

Columns, Beams and Floor plate

Columns, Beams, Floor and Walls

27


1:50 @A2 Technical Section 15

14

16

17

18

1 12mm Gypsum Board 2 30mm Service Zone 3 120mm Cross Laminated Timber 4

Vapour Control Layer

10

5 150mm Mineral Wool Insulation 6 12mm Plywood Sheathing Board

9

7 25mm Vertical Counter Battens 8 35mm Horizontal Counter Battens 9 22mm Larch Timber Cladding

8

10 Parapet 11 150 X 50mm Timber Beams 12 Drainage: water reservoir and root barrier 13 Waterproof Membrane

11

7

14 Gravel Edge Channel

4

3

12

6

15 Retention Trim

5

16 Filter Fleece

1

4

17 Growing Medium 18 Vegetation

13

2 3

1:5 @A2 Curtain Wall Detail

28


1:10 @A3

1 16mm Pine wood Parquet 2 12mm Fire Board 3 15mm Ply Sheathing Board 4 120mm Cross Laminated Timber 5 100mm Mineral Wool Insulation 6 150X50mm Timber Beams 7 10mm Gap 8 Furring Channel 9 C Channel 10 12mm Plasterboard 11 Aluminium Hollow Tube 12 Base Mount Glazing Channel 13 Cap Rail

13

12

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10

11

29


Summer: 57.4°

Enivornmental diagram Environmental Strategies Rainwater Collection

Triple Glazing: The gap between the three panes acts as an added layer of insulation. This would reduce heat loss in winter and heat gain in summer while allowing for sufficient sunlight Spring/ Autumn: 34.5°

Green Roof: This helps lower the temperature of an entire building, while improving the quality of outdoor air.

Winter: 10.7°

Predominant SouthWest Wind

Shaded Terraces

Heating Trench: Due to the high amount of glazing the building risk experiencing heat loss, therefore I decided to add a heating trench which converts the cold air into warm air

Internal Courtyard: Improves biodiversity and air quality while also providing views and interaction space

Ventilation

Solar Gain

Vegetation Wind Cross Ventilation Building Envelope

Due to the high level of floor to ceiling windows, the building allows for natural cross ventilation. The internal courtyard further creates a stack ventilation effect.

The high amount of glazing paired with the predominant south facing windows allows for significant levels of ambient heating through solar gain.

Various amounts of green spaces are located in and around the building including green roofs and the courtyard. This has many environmental benefits including improved air quality, biophilia which improves mental and physical health and noise reduction.

Sunlight Dispersal

30


Internal Views

Second Floor Floor

First Floor

Ground Floor

31


Green Roof Terrace

32


Internal Courtyard

33


Internal Courtyard

34


South View

35


North View

36


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