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Teacher: Rosa María Carmona García


PAST TENSE

 We use the simple past tense to talk about what happened at a definite time in the past. There are some common expressions we use:     

yesterday, last night, a month ago, last week, Yesterday afternoon, etc.

How do we form the simple past tense?

English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular


Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs:

Past tense verbs:

walk

walked

study

studied

cry

cried lived Rules for adding –ed: With most verbs we add -ed: walk > walked, finish > finished With verbs ending with -e, we add -d: live > lived, phone > phoned With verbs that end with a consonant + -y, we change the -y to -ied: try > tried, apply > applied With verbs that end with a vowel + one consonant, we double the consonant: stop > stopped, plan > planned, travel > travelled. Exceptions: We do not double the final consonant:

1.- When it is a -y or -w : stay > stayed 2.- When the last syllable is not stressed: listen > listened, open > opened


Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed……..  No change cost →cost  

put →put

Change the vowel or the consonant come →came ring →rang make →made sit →sat  Change the whole word buy →bought do →did

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Who?

Form of verb

Examples I worked in Italy last year. I drank some juice yesterday.

I

He worked in Italy last year. He drank some juice yesterday. He/She/It regular verb: verb + ed irregular verb: past form of the verb

She worked in Italy last year. She drank some juice yesterday. It worked in Italy last year. It drank some juice yesterday.

You

You worked in Italy last year. You drank some juice yesterday.

We

We worked in Italy last year. We drank some juice yesterday.

They

They worked in Italy last year. They drank some juice yesterday


NEGATIVE FORM Who?

Form of verb

Examples I did not work in Italy last year. I didn't work in Italy last year.

I

He did not work in Italy last year. He didn't work in Italy last year. She did not work in Italy last year. She didn't work in Italy last year.

He/She/It did not + verb

It did not work in Italy last year. It didn't work in Italy last year.

You

You did not work in Italy last year. You didn't work in Italy last year.

We

We did not work in Italy last year. We didn't work in Italy last year.

They

They did not work in Italy last year. They didn't work in Italy last year.

INTERROGATIVE FORM Who?

Did

Form of verb

Examples

I

Did I work in Italy last year?

he/she/it

Did he work in Italy last year?

you

verb

Did she work in Italy last year?

we

Did we work in Italy last year?

they

Did they



Simple past tense