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ECOPOLARITY

THE MAGOK WATERFRONT OF SEOUL


Ecopolarity: the Magok Waterfront of Seoul


INDEX

Ecopolarity

07

About Waterfronts

08

Foreward

25

Magok Project

27

International Project Comparison

28

Seoul Parks System Structure

32

Jump Scale

34

Local Rebirth

42

Functional Diagrams

44

C02 Burning Hydrological Structure

48

Vegetation Specifics

56

Spotland

68

54

Cost Estimate

106

Design Team

108


ECOPOLARITY Matteo Aimini

Urban populations have rapidly increased through civilization and industrialization, cities have been enlarged, nature has been impaired, and human relations have been damaged. For these reasons

contact with nature.

people have lost the opportunity to come into

Environmental problems such as air and water pollution have resulted, in conjunction with a gradual decrease in natural surroundings.

Orthodox park

creation thus far has focused primarily on creating an artificial

environment, application of conventional methods, unconditional preference for a certain model of design, as a result, the ecological productivity of nature in parks has been impaired. > Eco/biological destruction has caused waste landscape <

Magok ex novo has the great chance to be a new Eco Polarity for its metropolitan surrounding and also for the entire city parks system. Categories of phisical and strategic actions for redefing a new complex system, understanding and improving the

spontaneus nature of the habitat serving also

to mantain and reintroduce beautiful plants, birds and insects into the

uncertain

landscape.

Magok should be changed into ecologically sound environments where people and various organisms can

co-exist, and renewable energy be independently circulated.

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ABOUT WATERFRONTS Maurizio Vogliazzo

In the last ten years there has been an increasing attention to those parts of cities and conurbations facing the water edge. It is an absolutely interesting landscape condition but also an occasion to reconsider these territories which have been neglected or used just for industrial and docking uses too long. Even though the collective consciousness has changed in time, the waterfront theme is fascinating and it involves main topics and myths, so that architecture world has been deeply challenged, it may be an attempt to get itself away from those marshes such as housing, squares, public spaces and so on. There have been more and more competitions, conventions, congresses and exhibitions, also urban planning and its suggestions chose to work on this theme and some institutions and foundations have been set up. As usual some of this process have a continuation but most of them have not, so there were

sensational episodes and redemptions, which could not be praised as they should be. For sure we can mention the Barcelona experience, the whole eastern Thames area from Charing Cross in London and the great effort they put in Hong Kong. We can also consider many interventions, which had been well designed and built, such as it was in Bilbao.

Elsewhere there has always been an attention to the waterfront theme so the designers

avoided dangerous and irreversible solutions. (Italy has an exceptional overall shore range in terms of both quality and quantity, but

as usual the situation is not evolving and it is amusing with symposium and preliminary design competitions). This competition set up a

new generation of waterfronts:

Seoul has been designed and manipulated by a multitude of actors since the fifties without neither a clear direction nor a visible ending point in its processes, Seoul was a river-side city in the past but at the present time it just seems to be cut by the

0 8


powerful flow of the Han river. This is an extraordinary presence but it is basically felt as an obstacle or an opportunity to burn off pollutant substances as it happens too often. It brought to a series of neglects and regardless perverse behaviors until this extraordinary resource got to a severe

environmental problem.

Today the progressive spread of new life-styles and excessive consumption in this iper-work society and the consciousness of the need of an environmental care in the developing trends are creating some radical changes in terms of interventions and designed actions. At first the use of the word waterfront in this context seems to baffle: what about some hundreds meters of riverside than dozens kilometers of urban shores? These banks lengths should be multiplied, slotting in southward, creating a public marina - a water-resort that is a new feature for the city - and a recreative park at the same time. It should be thought as a mix of leisure and fitness activities but also a complex device to redeem the environmental quality of that district, it is a living catalogue of energy production, water depuration and bio-agriculture machineries. This project is also the starting point for the irrigation canals network revitalization in the whole city, that would become urban

waterways.

May be the intentions of people who set up the competition were not so refined in details, but the aim

of redeem the Han river, thank to the best available technologies, seems to be a right declination for the design proposal of a innovative waterfront concept, giving back to the water its former spine role and its capability of positively flushing the landscape where it flows.

At the end that is at least the good interpretation chose by some devotee students, well-aware of the challenges that are on. 0 9


CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS people

inside activities

LIVING BOX

landing

LIVING HILL

wood system

CO BURNER 2

water

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEM

outdoor activities + people

PARK

context

URBAN STRUCTURE

linking

IPERACCESSIBILITY

ecolung

CITY BRIEFING

ECOPOLARITY

1

0


Incheon Intâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;l Airport Railroad

Gayang Substation

Mt. Gung

Green Fields

Reservoir

Olympic Expressway

1 4

Convention Center

Bio Pools

Pump Station


Exhibition Center

Marina Exibition Interface

Flood Gate Retail Hill

Techno Hill

Fishing Pools

1

5


1

6


1

7


1

8


1

9


2 0


2

1


2 2


2 3


BEFORE

2 4


FOREWORD Seoul is the capital and largest city of South Korea. With over ten million people, Seoul is one of the world’s largest cities. It is also the world’s second largest metropolitan area, the Seoul National Capital Area - which includes the major port city of Incheon and satellite towns in Gyeonggi-do, having almost 23 million inhabitants. Almost half of South Korea’s population lives in the Seoul National Capital Area, and nearly one quarter in Seoul itself, making it the country’s political, cultural, and economic centre. As a Special City, it is administered directly by the national government. The city is located on the basin of the Han River in the country’s northwest. The North Korean border lies about 50 km to the north. Seoul first appears in history in 18 BC, when the Baekje kingdom established its capital Wiryeseong in what is now around Songpa-gu, southeastern Seoul. Modern Seoul descends from the Goryeo-era city called Namgyeong, which then became the capital of Korea during the Joseon dynasty. As a major financial and cultural center, Seoul is considered a global city. The city has hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics and the 2002 FIFA World Cup. In 2007, it was listed as the third most expensive city in the world and the most expensive in Asia. In recent years, the Seoul Metropolitan Government has undertaken major environmental projects, including the nearly $1 billion restoration of Cheonggyecheon. At the same time, the city has promoted the Seoul Digital Media City, the world’s first complex for high-tech digital technologies in multi-media, IT, and entertainment, and the proposed future site of the world’s second tallest building.

2 5


AFTER

2 6


MAGOK PROJECT Seoul has developed on the banks of the Han River that flows through the center of the city from east to west and is wider than 1km. In 1995 the city announced a progressive plan to develop the city,whose aim is the transformationof the overall landscape of the Seoul metropolitan area through the development of a sequence waterfront areas: the Han River Renaissance Project comprises six district of Seoul facing the riverside, whose western one is Magok. Nowadays this is the last large underdeveloped tract in the city, so this project represents an effort to promote a more global, eco-friendly image of Seoul. In this plan, the city municipality designed a 1.03 million pyeong area (that is about4 million square meters)in Magok-dong and Gayang-dong as a strategic position to ultimately become an Asian economic hub city for information technology (IT), biotechnology (BT) and nanotechnology (NT). The site is approximately 13 km from the central business district and the Waterfront should become a direct South - West gateway for people coming from the Incheon International Airport, Gimpo International Airport and the subway line n째9. Therefore the goal of the International Design Competition is to transform the area of Magok into a tourist, business, and environmental interest, through the water transport system boasting, the connectionof the Han River and the Yellow Sea and the creationof a well developed waterfront environment that hosts all necessary facilities and amenities.The main aims of the Magok development project plan there are the creation of a leisure area, the promotion of a sustainable ecosystem and environment, the conformity to the Han River Renaissance project. Most of Magok area is specified as natural green areas, while the eastern areasare planned to be residential and thenortheastern ones are designed as a semi-industrial areas. The Western side of Magok has the same residential program as the eastern one, but it also involves natural green areas and in the south direction the plan claims the agricultural fields to become commercial distribution area.

2 7


INTERNATIONAL PROJECT COMPARISON

Dubailand (Dubai, Arab Emirates) Nature (Eco-tourism) = 48,2 % Water surface = 1,4 % Building/structures = 17,7 % Paved areas = 32,7 % Total surface= 141.000.000 mq

2 8


R i c h mo n d Pa r k (Lon d o n , England) G re e n a re a s = 7 8 % Wa t e r s u r f a c e = 1 1 % B u i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 3 % Pa v e d a re a s = 8 % To t a l s u r f a c e = 9 . 5 5 0 . 0 0 0 mq

G r a n P r i x (Mon z a , I t a ly) G re e n a re a s = 7 6 , 8 % Wa t e r s u r f a c e = 5 , 2 % B u i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 1 0 ,5 % Pa v e d a re a s = 7 , 5 % To t a l s u r f a c e = 9 . 5 5 0 . 0 0 0 mq

2 9


Natu r a l p a r ks (R i o d e J a n e i ro, Br asi l) Natu r a l a re a s = 8 8 , 9 % Wat e r s u r f a c e = 7 , 6 % Bu i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 1 , 5 % Pav e d a re a s = 2 % Tota l s u r f a c e = 5 . 2 0 0 . 0 0 0 mq

Cen t r a l Pa r k (Ne w Yo k , U S A) G re e n a re a s = 7 4 , 7 % Wat e r s u r f a c e = 1 6 % Bu i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 5 , 3 % Pav e d a re a s = 4 % Tota l s u r f a c e = 3 . 3 0 0 . 0 0 0 mq

3 0


M a g ok E c o Pol a r i ty G re e n a re a s (n a t u re ) = 7 0,2 % Wa t e r s u r f a c e = 2 4 % B u i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 3 , 8 % Pa v e d a re a s = 2 % To t a l s u r f a c e = 1 . 3 1 6 . 0 0 0 mq

Pa rc d e la V i lle t t e (Pa r i s , Fr anc e ) G re e n a re a s =7 % Wa t e r s u r f a c e = 2 8 % B u i ld i n g /s t r u c t u re s = 3 0 ,7 % Pa v e d a re a s = 3 4 , 3 % To t a l s u r f a c e = 5 5 0 . 0 0 0 mq

3

1


SEOUL PARKS SYSTEM STRUCTURE World Cup Park Size: 2.689.500 mq

Magok EcoPolarity Size: 1.316.000 mq

3 2

Functions

Accessibility


Seoul Forest Size: 1.156.498 mq

Functions

Accessibility

Boramal Park Size: 417.575 mq

Yeuido Park Size: 229.539 mq

3 3


JUMP

SCALE

Jump Scale is the capacity of reading a landscape throught its shape and function mutation by changing satellite point of view, also in a collateral process, comparison provides dimensional key for quality and quantity. Subjective scale is another matter, personal capacity works for translating visions in design and conceptual process, virtual but real . Hyun-chui Kim, landscape painter has his scale.

3 4


Natural Land Design

3 6


[Relief Landscape_30 Km] 3 7


3 8


[Sorrounding Green_20 Km] 3 9


4 0


[Relief Landscape_10 Km] 4 1


LOCAL RE-BIRTH [Start Up] ReBirth consists of eight design actions: physical about land and water working and programatic strategy in order to recretate both Eco friendly enviroment and functional space system, every kind of actions produces consequences to recreate a dynamic landscape.

LANDING Earth loop shaping and Hill system WATERING Different bio-water caracteristic ECOLUNG Renewal woods machine and Co2 Burner INFRASCAPE Infrastructure makes a contemporary landscape SPOTTING Living microfunctions SURROUNDING PRESSURE New urban flows interacts with EcoPolarity PULSING Macrofunction timing actions LINKING Maximum accessibiliy

4 2


4 3


FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAMS INFRASTRUCTURES parking area Gayang substation pedestrian&bicycle paths

PC HARBOUR private harbour public wharf

RELAXING AREA wild beach retail bio pools lake park agricultural library technological outdoor theatre

FOOD&DRINK cafè restaurant take away

DIDATTIC AREA technological park pump station reservoir retail agricultural park

SPORT/GAME waterside games acquatic games bio pools fishing point bird watching

CONVENTION CENTER SHOPS info point shop book shop

PANORAMIC VIEWPOINT

TECHNOLOGICAL AREA

HERBAL PURIFICATION

4 4


4 5


Index

WATER SYSTEM

Watersystem Changingland I n f r a s c a p e E c o l a n d E c o s c a p e Accessibility L i f e t i m i n g CHANGING LAND

4 6

INFRASCAPE


ECOLAND

ECOSCAPE

ACCESSIBILITY

LIFE TIMING

4 7


Usa 1.650.000 Canada 174.401

United Kingdom 160.179 Germany 220 Italy 122

4 8


TOP 10 CARBON DIOXIDE EMITTERS1000 Russia 415.951 0.596

India 366.301

tons of C

Korea 127.007 China 1.366.000 Japan 343.117

2.726

4 9


CO2 EMISSIONS OF MAIN SE ASIAN CITIES

Beijing 71.639

Tokyo 49.861

Seoul 46.564

Shanghai 107.621

Hong Kong 36.973

Ho Chi Minh City 34.005

Bangkok 48.841 Bangkok 48.841 Ho Chi Minh City Kuala Lampur 5.780

Singapore 52.251 Kuala Lampur 5.780 5 9 Singapore 52.251


CO2 BURNING Ecodesign: In Seoul there are 1405 parks with a total area that is about 154.06 square kilometers, taking up about the 25% of the city, so the park area ratio per person is 14.83 square meters, that is a comparable number than the major cities in the world. More than the 80% of the parks are located in the outer areas of the Seoul and the 63.4% of them are urban natural parks. As a result for the citizens there is a shortage of nearby green areas and parks to be easily enjoyed in daily life. Nowadays there are a large number of projects to afforest the living environment and urban greenbelts,civic campaigns including “Planting 10 Million Trees of Life” to make the Forest of Hope have been introduced. Thanks to all these efforts, the City of Seoul will be transformed into an environment-friendly “Green Seoul”, where humans and nature may more easily coexist. The Seoul Metropolitan Government plans to enhance the rate of using new/renewable energies Beijing 71.639 up to 10% by the year 2020, building more voltaic power plants and making drastic efforts to reduce the use of energy and the emission of carbon dioxide: Korea is the 10th largest emitter of carbon dioxide, in a world that is still based on fossil-fuel consumption. The 46.564 most relevant environmental measure that has been considered C02 Burning in Magok: Seoul in this project is the planting of numerous arboreal species and it is aimed to improve the air quality. Magok area could receive a great supply in terms of environmental quality and therefore Tokyo 49.861 sustainability. Every planned zone includes different CO2 burning plants, which also contribute to give a specific vegetation’s appeal. Calculating all the green areas of the project site, the result we get Shanghai 107.621 is about the elimination of 1836,986 Kg of carbon.

Hong Kong 36.973

Ho Chi Minh City 34.005 34.005

5

1


CO2 Burning Values Tree FLOODGATE

TECHNO FOREST

LAKE PARK

CONVENTION CENTER + MARINA

GREEN FIELDS

burned CO2 amounts [kg/a] FLOODGATE 3.268,09 TECHNO FOREST 3.096,00 LAKE PARK 1628,00 CONVENTION CENTER + MARINA 1.023,37 GREEN FIELDS 1.918,07 TOTAL 6.814,00

5 2

Pinus Koraiensis Betula Acer Campestre Alnus Glutinosa Pinus Koraiensis Betula Acer Campestre Alnus Glutinosa Zelkova Serrata Ulmus Davidiana Salix Koreensis Prunus Padus Zelkova Serrata Ulmus Davidiana Salix Koreensis Prunus Padus Prunus Koraiensis Prunus Serrulata Pyrus Uyematsuana Pyrus Pyrifolia Malus Asiatica Nakai Malus Baccata Diospyros Kaki Chaenomelis Sinensis Morus Alba Ziziphus Jujuba Pinus Banksiana Pinus Densiflora Pinus Tabulaeformis Abies Koreana Wilson Picea Koraiensis Nakai Zelkova Serrata Pinus Koraiensis Acer Takesimense Acer Ukurunduense Quercus Mongolica Robinia Pseudoacacia Ulmus Davidiana Ginkgo Biloba Salix Kangensis Betula Ermanii

h

d

l

B0

40-50 15-25 10 20-30 40-50 15-25 10 20-30 20-35 15 20 8-16 20-35 15 20 8-16 20 6 20 10 4-12 4-12 8 4-12 10-20 5-10 9-22 12 20-30 10-18 30 20-35 40-50 6 6 30 17 15 19 18 14

10 9 10 12 10 9 10 12 19 13 18 10 19 13 18 10 12 6 10 5 9 9 8 9 11 8 9 12 10 4 10 19 10 6 6 15 9 13 17 18 9

1 1 0,6 1 1 1 0,6 1 1 1 1 0,85 1 1 1 0,85 1 0,6 1 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0,6 0,6 1 0,85 1 1 1 0,85

40 33,5 15,5 33,5 40 33,5 15,5 33,5 33,5 33,5 33,5 26 33,5 33,5 33,5 26 33,5 15,5 33,5 15,5 15,5 15,5 15,5 15,5 33,5 15,5 40 33 40 33 40 33,5 40 15,5 15,5 33,5 26 33,5 33,5 33,5 26


h: tree height [m] | d: tree canopy [m] | l, B0, B1, B2: dimensional parameters [m] | dbh: tree diameter [in] | mr: burned carbon amount [Kg] | ms: stored carbon amount [Kg] | n: new planted trees amount.

B1

B2

dbh

mr

ms

n

-0,06 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,06 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,06 -0,06 -0,06 -0,06 -0,06 -0,07 -0,06 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07 -0,07

1,7 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,7 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,9 1,7 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9

16,30 14,70 6,94 14,70 16,30 14,70 6,94 14,70 14,70 14,70 14,70 11,48 14,70 14,70 14,70 11,48 14,70 6,94 14,70 6,94 6,94 6,94 6,94 6,94 14,70 6,94 16,30 13,63 16,30 13,63 16,30 14,70 16,30 6,94 6,94 14,70 11,48 14,70 14,70 14,70 11,48

6,32 6,23 2,21 6,23 6,32 6,23 2,21 6,23 6,23 6,23 6,23 4,43 6,23 6,23 6,23 4,43 6,23 2,21 6,23 2,21 2,21 2,21 2,21 2,21 6,23 2,21 6,32 5,61 6,32 5,61 6,32 6,23 6,32 2,21 2,21 6,23 4,43 6,23 6,23 6,23 4,43

66,71 53,07 10,09 53,07 66,71 53,07 10,09 53,07 53,07 53,07 53,07 30,74 53,07 53,07 53,07 30,74 53,07 10,09 53,07 10,09 10,09 10,09 10,09 10,09 53,07 10,09 66,71 44,86 66,71 44,86 66,71 53,07 66,71 10,09 10,09 53,07 30,74 53,07 53,07 53,07 30,74

83 37 14 17 20 50 15 60 12 25 13 30 13 17 7 11 4 7 3 8 6 5 6 6 4 6 7 5 4 9 3 2 4 8 8 2 6 5 2 2 5

mr*n

Co2[kg/a]

524,42 230,51 31,00 105,91 126,37 311,50 33,22 373,80 74,76 155,75 80,99 132,99 80,99 105,91 43,61 48,76 24,92 15,50 18,69 17,72 13,29 11,07 13,29 13,29 24,92 13,29 44,23 28,05 25,27 50,49 18,95 12,46 25,27 17,72 17,72 12,46 26,60 31,15 12,46 12,46 22,16

1.921,70 844,68 113,61 388,10 463,06 1.141,46 121,72 1.369,75 273,95 570,73 296,78 487,32 296,78 388,10 159,80 178,69 91,32 56,80 68,49 64,92 48,69 40,57 48,69 48,69 91,32 48,69 162,07 102,80 92,61 185,03 69,46 45,66 92,61 64,92 64,92 45,66 97,46 114,15 45,66 45,66 81,22

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HYDROLOGICAL STRUCTURE Precipitation Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

800 400 0 80 year flood period Common flood period (2006)

Terraces

Olympic Expressway

Junction

Bike

Pools

Han River

20.00 13.00

10.00

12.00 10.00

6.00 3.70

Higer water level 8.00 6.00 3.70 Lower water level 12.00 m 200 year water level 10.00 m 8.00 m 6.00 m common water level 3.70 m

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WATER LEVEL SCHEME


Case A

Case B

Case C

Case D

Case E

Case F

5 5


VEGETATION SPECIFICS

# 71

# 72

# 73

# 74

# 75

# 76

# 77

# 78

# 79

# 80

# 81

# 82

# 83

# 84

# 85

# 86

# 87 # 88

# 89

# 91

5 6

# 90


Ecological Structure

# 64

# 65

# 66

# 68

# 70

# 09

# 10

# 11

# 12

# 13

# 80

# 81

# 82

# 83

# 84

# 15

# 16

# 18

# 45

# 47

5 7


5 8


Herbal Depuration

# 112

# 113

# 114

# 115

# 116

5 9


Flower Garden

# 63

6 0

# 68

# 66

# 64

# 67


Water Flower Garden

# 84

# 82

# 83

# 80

# 81

6

1


# 01

# 02

# 03

# 04

# 05

# 06

# 07

# 08

# 09

# 10

# 11

# 12

# 13

# 14

# 15

# 16

# 17

# 18

# 19

# 20

# 21

# 22

# 23

# 24

# 25

# 26

# 27

# 28

# 29

# 30

# 31

# 32

# 33

# 34

# 35

6 2


# 36

# 37

# 38

# 39

# 40

# 41

# 42

# 43

# 44

# 45

# 46

# 47

# 48

# 49

# 50

# 51

# 52

# 53

# 54

# 55

# 56

# 57

# 58

# 59

# 60

# 61

# 62

# 63

# 64

# 65

# 66

# 67

# 68

# 69

# 70

6 3


Specifics Index Vegetation Index 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

Aceraceae (acer campestre L.) Aceraceae (alnus glutinosa ) Betulacae (betula) Pianceae (pinus koraiensis) Poaceae (bambusa ventricosa) Juncaceae (juncus effusus) Cyperaceae (schoenoplectus lacustris) Sparganiaceaea (sparganium erectum) Poaceaea (phragmites australis) Typhaceae (typha latifolia) Poaceae (iris pseudacorus) Pontederiaceae (eichhornia crassipes) Araceaea (lemnam minor) Rosaceaea (prunus spadus) Poaceae (salix koreensis) Ulmaceae (ulmus japonica) Ulmaceae (zelkova serrata) Cyperaceae (carex riparia) Abietaceae (abies koreana wilson) Pinaceae (picea koraiensis nakai) Pinaceae (pinus bankisana lamb.) Pinaceae (pinus densi flora) Pinaceae (pinus tabulaeformis) Aceraceae (acer takesimense nakai) Aceraceae (acer ukurunduense) Betulaceae (betula ermanil cham.) Ginkgoaceae (ginkgo biloba) Ginkgoaceae (pinus koraiensis siebold&zucc) Fagaceae (quercus mongolica) Fagaceae (robinia pseudoacacia) Salicaceae (salic kangensis nakal) Ulmaceae (ulmus davidian japonica) Ulmaceae (zelkovs serrata makino) Rosaceae (cyaenomelis sinensis) Ebenacae (diospyreos kaki thumb) Rosaceae (malus asiatica nakal) Rosaceae (malus baccata)

6 4

38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76.

Moraceae (morus alba L.) Rosaceae (prunus koralensis nakal) Rosaceae (prunus serrulata) Rosaceae (pyrus pyriloflia) Rosaceae (pyrus uyemtsuana makino) Rhamnaceae (ziziphus jujuba mill.) Graminae (arundinaria simonil) Graminae (bambusa multiplex) Graminae (bambusa ventricosa) Graminae (sasa koreana nakel) Graminae (sasa kurilensis makino) Graminae (acorus calamus L.) Umbelliferae (angelica gigas nakai) Theaceae (camellia sinensis L.) Menispermaceae (cocculus trilogus D.C.) Campanulaceae (codonopsis fanceolata) Leguminoseae (glycine maxmerr.) Araliaceae (panax ginseng C.A.mey) Schisandraceae (schisandra chinensis balli) Zingiberaceae (zingiber officinalis roscoe) Graminae (acoraceae) Brassicaceae (brassica campestris) Tyeaceae (camelia japonica) Asteraceae (chrysanthemum coronarium) Caryophyllaceae (dianthus superbus L.) Malvaceae (hibuscus syracus L.) Iridaceae (iris minutiaurea) Liliaceae (lilium longiflorum) Peoniaceae (peonia japonica) Polygonaceae (polygonum aviculare L.) Ericaceae (rhododendron dauricum) Rosaceae (rosa rugosa) Rosaceae (rubus phoenicolasius) Graminae (agrostis alba) Graminae (brachyopodium sylvaticum) Graminae (sporobolus joponicus) Graminae (stipa koreana honda) Graminae (zoysia japonica) Graminae (leersia oryzoides sw.)


77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84.

Graminae (oryza sativa glutinosa) Graminae (oryza sativa L.) Graminae (oryza sativa makino) Cambombaceae (brasenia schreberi) Nymphaeceae (euryale ferox satisb.) Nymphaeceae (nuphar japonicum D.C.) Nymphaeceae (nymphoides koreana hara) Nelumbonaceae (nelumbo nucifera gaertn.)

Fauna Index 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98.

Cyprinidae (zacco platypus) Hylae (hyla arborea) Anatidae (cygnus cygnus) Belostomatidae (Muljarus japonicus) Cyprinidae (rhodeus uykll) Scincidae (sphenomorphus indicus) Cyprinidae (squalidus japonicus koreanus) Cyprinidae (zacco platypus) Hylae (hyla arborea) Anatidae (cygnus cygnus) Belostomatidae (Muljarus japonicus) Cyprinidae (rhodeus uykll) Scincidae (sphenomorphus indicus) Cyprinidae (squalidus japonicus koreanus)

Fauna Index II • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Treefrog Gerris elongatus Lizard Bitterling Muljarus japonis Macropodus chinensis Gray wagtail Korean rose bitterling Skygager Culter brevicauda Whooper swan Kestrel Oily bitterling Pale chub Coreoperca herzi Cybister japonicus

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MASTERPLAN

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SPOTLAND

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TECHNO HILL

FISHING POOLS

PUMP STATION

UP BYPASS HILL

FLOODGATE

RESERVOIR


LAKE PARK

MARINA

BIO POOLS

EXHIBITION INTERFACE

CONVENTION CENTER

GREEN FIELDS

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Fishing Pools The North part of the Magok Waterfront project is basically defined by the Flood Gate system and its own consequences, as the outside area, facing directly the Han River, the technical Dykes system and the Pump Station building. The first one is an artificial beaches system, divided in two parts by the canal and characterizing the entrance of the Magok area and creating the opportunity of interaction with the riverside for the visitors. The ground is modeled as one-meter high terraces, on both sides of the Expressway and its height decreases from the Expressway to the water and leans on one side of the Dyke walls. Several one-meter deep basins are dug in the terraces at different levels. This modeling action generates an ever-changing landscape: as the water level increases it gradually covers the terraces and fills the basins, producing a landscape characterized by a multiplicity of blue tonalities. When the water level decreases, the basins are still filled by the river water, creating an amphibious scenery of dry lands and pools. This river waterfront is meant to be a wild-green ecological area, where people can enjoy their spare time. A grassy surface and a variety of trees, bushes and aquatic plants create a colored landscape, where the soil may be a lawn in the upper part and a sandy shore in the lower one, where a bicycle path is set on right through the waterfront turning to south towards the Waterway System, passing under the Expressway. The dykes reinforcements define the entrance canal that introduces the visitorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; sailing from the Han River to the Magok Waterfront area, this canal is 90 meters wide in the first part, where it is closer to the river, and its shrinks to 70 meters in the lower part, where it reaches the floodgate.

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The dykes next to the waterway are especially important for the soil holding in the waterfront area, where the river flow would rapidly take everything away. But this is not their only purpose: from the river waterfront, the 7 meters high dykes level increases till 14 meters where the flood gate barrier is and then it goes down again to 4,50 meters. These slopes have a double purpose: they work together with the flood gate as a retaining wall against flooding, allowing people to walk from the inner part of the Magok Waterfront to the Han River, creating a smart view point on the top of the dykes [14meters high]. This path slope is lower than 8%, so that everybody can walk or cycle there. The longest wall is 150 meters long, while the other one is â&#x20AC;&#x153;just â&#x20AC;?120 meters and considering their elevation in the point they are closer to the Olympic Expressway, there are still 6 meters between them.

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Pump Station

Waterlevel

The new pump station determines the water levels for both the herbal purification basin and the lake park one, this structure replaces the previous system, increasing the water volumes to be treated as a consequence of Magok development and the park creation. The station will have a series of kinematic pumps, monitoring the flow amountby a PLC system that determines the numbers of pump to be activated and their effects. The water management system provides a first operative model, which is suitable for the standard flow conditions:water reachesthe lake park area directly from the Han River, spontaneously filling the basin and defining the main waterway through its own path and creating the urban canals in the southern area of the site.Then the water is pumped to the herbal-purification pond and after the purification process it is pumped into the Han River. The pump station also provides a solution for the flood risk condition: the flood gate system may close off the Magok basinsfrom the Han River, so their water levels is determined just the rainfall and they do not get any consequence from the river flow. In this situation the herbal depuration system becomes a reservoir basin, storing as much water as possible, while the pump station works at the top, pumping the overfilling water into the Han River.

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floodgate

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Up_Bypass Hill The Up bypass Hill is a smooth relief whose height is about 22 meters, which is the same level of the Yangcheon-gil road. The road track actually passes through the hill in a tunnel, so the hill surface works as connection element between the Techno Hill and the Convention Center.On the top the relief there are two object standing on the hill outline: these volumes contain staircases and elevators and they are the gate for people who enter this built hill from the top. The second access point to this retail filled hill consists of two underground parking lots,whichare directly connected with the Yangcheon-gil and the last one is the harbor, for people reaching this place with the touristic boats cruising into the Han River. On the hill side there is a harbor for touristic boats, so there is a direct connection among the north-west courses passing by the hill and the multifunctional paths, crossing its surface. Next to the harbor facilities the relief is holed by a internal volume, containing retail activities, it shows its own presence by an irregular lightning system of skylights, which cuts the soft and slight slope of the hill. It is basically composed of built blocks containing shops and indoor public spaces, the first block is located near the port while the most of the building surface is on the other side of the Yangcheon-gil:four blocks are placed on a straight line along the basin shore while the other three are disposed on the contention wall under the hill.

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The total surface of the built area is about2500 square meters, including artistic installation pavilions, educational rooms (history oriented), cultural files and paths, a bookshop, relaxing areas, cafeterias, restaurants, take away bars and shops. The relief slope hill is quite slight, in the north-south direction, connecting the techno hill area to the exhibition center, while the sides facing the basin and Magok context are bluffer: thanks to its outline the hill provides certain permeability among the Yangcheon-gil and the areas on its sides. Water presence in the retail hill is very important because of the hill position, that is about in the middles of the basin so it works as a sort of sceneryfor the touristic boat docking.

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Floodgate The Flood Gate is a high tech structure located near the entrance of the waterway system, used as a preemptive measure for flooddisasters in the Magok area. This system proposes the model experimented in the Delft Hydraulics Laboratories (NL) for the Bouwkombinatie Maeslant Kering storm surge barrier, in the Rotterdam waterways in the South Holland, designed by BMK. The Flood Gate alone is not safe enough for the area, so it has to work with the dykes walls reinforcements to prevent an annual flood and it is dimensioned for a water level rising up to 12 meters, statistically happening once in 200 years.The 14 meters high floodgate is made of two hollow semi-circular elements,connected to a pivotal point on both banksby two trusses. One of the advantages of this floodgate typology is the easinessof the maintenance, as long as the gates are set in a dry dock during the normal water flow conditions. In case the water level raises up to 3,70 meters the flood gate has to be closed: acentral computer instructs the control system to shut the barrier, the dock are filled with water, so that the hollow gates start to float and this area is turned in a sort of waterway. Once the gates meet, the cavities are filled with water too and they sink to the canal bottom, sealing off the 70 meters-wide canal and obviously when the waterway is sealed off sailing is not possible. After the flood dangeris over the gates are pumped out and the barriers begin to float again, returning into their docks. A flat base, made up of slightly curved and wedge shaped sill-blocks, has to be installed on a porous bed on the bottom of the canal and the whole waterway system is equipped with a data control and a communication network system, which gathers data from all the measurement network.

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The flood gate is just a flow-reduction device so a little percentage of the flow passes trough the barrier,anyway the inside water level is kept constant trough a pumping system that gets rid of the exceeding water: the flood gate is part of a technological facilities network, strategically spread all over the project area, so that the park scenery is not conditioned by the devices which provide the landscape settings.

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Reservoir The new ecological park is located insideof the Magok Reservoir, in the Zone B of the project site, it has the dualistic function of didactic area and “filter” for both the park basin water and the rainwater, collected in the Magok district. This park can be seen as a natural basin in constant transformation: each situation is the result of the sum of variable naturalconditions and constant herbal purification. The areaisa complex purification system, aimed to improve the environmental quality of the river and its surroundings, it will reduce the pollution impact produced with the realization of the engineering works in the basin. The area occupies about 90.000 square meters and here the pollution class reaches the third level, which corresponds to 3 / 6 BOD, Biochemical oxygen demand (measure of the contents of biodegradable organic matter present in a sample of water). This parameter is used to calibrate the future purification of the entire zone, in order to improve the water quality:the project comprehendsan herbal purification system andwater is pumped there from the south area (using already planned channels) and from the south-east zone.Other two pumps are planned inside the basin, to facilitate the water flow. The pond own conformation allows it to contain the overfill water during the summer, but thebasin can operate also in the other periods of the year, thanks to a continuous water flow and its level control. The minimum level guaranteed is 1 meter and the different water levels necessarily generate two configurations: in the first one the basin can be seen as a reserve while in the second one the area is a livable of park. A series of slopes models the entire area and allows the user to cross the basin. This complex system of coffers of expansion is created through the placement of embankment of sand: the internal slopes generate natural water circulation,carried out by pumps: these last work first pushing and then oxygenating water, through a simple recycle. Other small pumps or artificial “oxygen producer” are inserted mostly in the marginal zones of the reserve to promote the continuous flow of water. This could create also water games, making the reserve even more interesting and pleasing. The area can be seen as an ideal connection between the new pump station and the old one, which has been for years the supervising centre for the reservoir. The area is accessible from several strategic points, the most important one is located on the boundary facing the residential area and from this place local residents and other usersmay easily reach the new ecological park. In this area there is an activity multiplicity, evolving during the year, depending on the climate conditions and its consequences:new different conditions are continuously created through the natural season changes and the variation of water level. Internal paths create multiple areas hosting different activities, such as restoration, relax and education and visitors can establish a direct relationship with the nature through the knowledge of different herbal species. The vegetation would also satisfy the needs of water biochemical oxygenation and create new scenarios through their botanical characteristics.

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Lake park The Lake is the second basin we have moving from Han River to the center of Magok, its water capacity is quite inferior to the marinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s one, but it may change depending on the activities performedthere.The lake park has a settled depth of about 2 meters (therefore the water surface is about 4.5 meters high) and an surface of about 116,000 square meters, its total volume comesout to be about 232,000 cubic meters, while the dug soilwill be used to create the four hills that define the project. The lake park is connected to the Magok green ways system by means of three canals, which take up the ones planned by the Han River Renaissance Project.Water circulation, and therefore the continuous water replacement, is secured by the twofold connection with the marina and the Han River, on the north direction, and canals system onsouth. This circulation is regulated by little pumps placed in the entrance of the canals, which branch off in Magok. The lake, besides connecting the Han River directly to the city, is related with the ground in different ways, according to the various nature of its shores: each one has a different function and they create a dialog between the inland and the lake, that is perceptible at the different observation scales. On the westside, the lake shores are harder,the water level passes immediately from 0 to 2 meters to allow the docking, whereas in the eastern zone the shores are weak, characterized by an inconstant slope and there is a natural vegetation system. The lake park is surrounded by a ring of cycle-pedestrian paths, branching off in different ways, according to the shores: on the west side, the subway station and the retail area face a strongly artificial waterfront, this is articulated on several levels which join the altitude of the exhibition centre (+9 mt) to the lake shore one (+ 4.5 mt).It offers pedestrian paths, snaking from north to south and from west to east, commercial spots and confined green bends enrich the design, moreover there is a floating quay for the docking of the little rowboats. On the south shore, the path is closed between the convention center artificial hill and the water basin, a linear walkway equipped with small rest stops connects the retail area and the urban park settled on the eastern shore. On the east side the landscape is more natural and the path gets more wiggly, settled 50 cm over the lake altitude andsnaked among groves of reeds and trees, up to define the pertinence area of the canoes house: the oxbow accommodates a coastline with a minimal slope where water doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t reach the depth of 50 cm, required for the immersion of watercrafts. Afterwards, proceeding northward and crossing the bio-pools, the walkway relates with the viaduct: a gradual slope allows reaching the street height, overtopping amongst the trees of the shore area, that is densely planted. As an alternative, it is possible to go on under the viaduct, along the lakeshore, to reach the marina. Some bridges connect the different shores, separated by canals. In particular, the one between the southern and the western shore is highly crowded because of the presence of the subway station, the exhibition centre and the convention centre, this passage is ensured by a sequence of wood arch bridges with various slopes which allow the diversification of pedestrians and cycles flows. Between the southern shore and the eastern one, the crossing points configure a

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sequence of slabs, which looks like lakefront extensions on the canal. The link between “sport & leisure” area and the “natural” one behind the viaduct is secured by the system of biopools, which are bordered and connected each other by means of elevated paths.The greenways planned for Magok will join the ring path which surrounds the lake park in correspondence to the bridges just mentionedabove: the two path system will be integrated in an unique layout.

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Marina After the floodgate, the Han River creates a waterway, whose depth and surface area are designed according to the berth facilities the project would provide: the minimum area that has been considered is about 11.138,29 square meters and the depth has been fixed as 4 meters. Within these docks, the marina has been planned on the eastern side of the basin, creating all the necessary facilities for private boats mooring. According to the requirements expressed by the design guidelines, four types of boats have been taken into consideration: sail type and motorized catamarans, monohulls, and private yachts, for each one there is a potential units number, that is respectively 13 and 15 for the catamarans, 16 for monohulls, and 25 for yachts. In the docking area each boat is paired with another one of the same typology and each mooring row has its own canal rope, specifically sized depending on the hosted boats sizes.

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Boats need to pass through the floodgate in before reaching the marina and there is a series of a floating wharves to connect the mooring area and the related facilities: a sequence of buildings hosting services for the users of the area, is distributed around the extension of the marine wharfs. A walking and cycling path marks the basin boundary and the access for wheeled vehicles is provided by a secondary road, that is accessible from the Yancheon-gil, thanks to this link, people can proceed until the northern part of this area where some services are placed, among these there are an ordinary maintenance dockyard, a boats hangar and a direct access to the water through a ramp. Even though all these artificial elements that are necessary for its functional program, the area still has naturalistic mark, thanks to a vegetation whose aspect is natural and leans people on the internal routes.

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Bio pools There are 5 types of biological pools and in this project we will refer to the third category, which includes every kind of pool with a biological water skim and a recirculation whose range is from the 50% to the 100% of the water volume per day. The regeneration area is about the 40-45% of the total pools surface and the creation of those ponds is expected to be ranging from 280 to 550 $ per square meter, its additional costs, related to the energy consumption may be ranging from 785 to 1260$ a year. In these pools the is a low mud accumulation rate and leaves, petals algae and all the litter coming from the vegetation might be easily removed using sieves.The maintenance processinvolves cutting plants in autumn and spring time, cleaning sieve several times a week,

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and sucking up sediments 1 or 2 times a year, so each pools needs a small pump device to be connected with, running 6 up to 12 hours a day, in order to ensure a water flow and the water recirculation.

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Exhibition Center & Water Theatre The water theatre is located on the western side of the Magok project area facing the Exhibition Center that will be designed by another international competition. It is basically a system of slabs, whose height is decreasing until they reach the basin one:the river shore assumes the shape of a platform sequence, a succession of terraces which have different levels so that it is possible to connect the upper level of the street, where the Exhibition Center is located, with the lake, trough a soft degrading structure. Theselow slopesmay hostspecial events and concerts during summer. This outdoor space is characterized by a sequence of kiosks, shops, cafes, restaurants and installation pavilions, creating a pattern on the ground;the vegetation isdesigned according to the existent species of Magok, placing them in strategic points in order to create a sort of

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macro-chessboard, including both built volumes and green areas, creating a promenade next to the lake and a walkwayssystem.Each different level is characterized by selected vegetation species, in order to maintain the cultural heritage and therefore, be eco-friendly. This retail area takes a relevant position because it works as an artificial hall to enter the lake park for people reaching Magokby the subway line, that stops in this buffer zone between the new Magok waterfront and the business district, living in a border condition. Moreover this area can be considered as a gathering place because it directly in connection with thesubwaystation, the exhibition center and one of the convention center bridges, the Yangcheon-gil bridge, the underground car parking inside the up-bypass hill and the boat stop.

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Convention center The Convention Center is composed by three levels, each one with a prevalent function and its related facilities. These three slabs have different dimensions andthey are revolved in their plans, layingeach one upon the others and mostly included in the hill, even though in some point the slabs plans intersect the level curves and they overhang to the outside. Therefore there are someviewpointsat the ends of the building, looking at the lake park and the whole project site. In the night the cantilevered volumes, lit up from the inside, offer a spectacular view, creating a sort of horizontal lightning cuts in the hill. There are three accesses to the complex, onthe west, south and east sides of the hill, allthese gates are connected to the bottom level of the building,although they are placed at different heights, depending on the paths they are related to. Light and air should penetrate up till here through some skylights, which are “in-and-out”cones, holing the hill surface at different levels. The first slab, whose altitude is about 4.5 meters and it is the same as the surrounding lake park one, is the main access to the complex,directly connected to the subway station and hosting different typologies of facilities, such as shops, bars, fast food restaurants and so on. Inside the same level there are also the information and logistic areas, for the entire complex. The vertical and transversal connections among the three slabs, branch off from this level, so it may be considered the as a device running as “terminal” for people passing by. In the second level there is a hotel forsomething like 900 people, with a surface that is about 10000 square meters, the connected restaurant and bar are suitable both for the hotel customers and people just strolling in Magok. In the top slab the roof is 16 meters height: here there are conference and exhibition halls, with cantilevered volumes pointing to the lake park, with the related facilities, so that also this part of the macro-building may be used as part of the park, creating an interaction among public domain and private spaces.

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The environmental impact of this massive architectural work is really made milderby the fact that it is combined with the hill volume, as covered by a thick skin that hides the building, showing it only in some points and however in a veiled way. These points have been defined in phase of planning on the base of the views we would like to get.

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Green fields The “Green Fields Area” is placed in the South - East of the project site, nearby the business and R & D district, planned in the Magok development project and its extension covers a total surface of 124,000 square meters. The siteis a complex amalgam of artificial landscape and natural systems, the area is a green park made by three functional zones: the circulation paths, the sport facilities and the botanical part. The main purpose of this intervention is the revitalization of this area through the re-interpretation of the existent agricultural fields tissue: the project is based on the creation of a series of land pieces, which are characterized by different levels and slopes. The area is characterized by a careful selection of the green elements, in order to create a “vegetal library”, its boundary is arranged on a higher level and it is cultivated with tall arboreal species while in the zones next to the basin there are lower arboreal and vegetable species, according to the decreasing altitude of the landscape. The park looks like a sort of “Pangeas” because of its concept: the different pieces of land are connected one to each other by paths, characterized by different paving materials and levels, in accordance with their functions: the most natural and sustainable materials are used for the botanical fields, while the artificial materials are used for the equipped areas, such as the sport facilities one. The “Green Fields area” is a sort of dense network that alternates cultivated fields and paths, both pedestrian and cycling, in accordance to their distance time and itinerary.

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The site is easily accessible from four directions, the accesses are clearly noticeable and they connect this site with the planned area of the site: all of them are both pedestrian and cycle, and they provide a few stop areas for possible vehicles. These accesses are designed as â&#x20AC;&#x153;meadow pathsâ&#x20AC;? and thanks to the planted species they represent a buffer zone between the Magok development area, that is densely built, and the green fields. Water is therefore present as the element which makes the cultivations possible, through the use of underground canalization; moreover the mediation among building landscape and the internal lagoon is developed by fragments of water landscapes (whose total extension is about 2,400 square meters), fed by the same canalizations and everyone is characterized by specific hydrophilic species.

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Zona D: Techno Hill The Techno Hill Area is locatedin the North - West of the project’s site and nowadays the treatment plant takes up most of thisspace. The project should contain a proposal for this improvementzone,creating a dialogue with the surrounding competition area and the preexistence.An 8-line street crossing this area connects the Olympic Express-Way with the Yangcheon-gil and the projectwould realize a hill ofa slight ridge, in dialogue withMont Gung, embodying this new street in the relief, creating a tunnel. The Techno Hill is built using the ground obtained from the waterfront’s excavations, it is about 21 meters high and the tunnel crosses the hill for 400 meter. On the top there is a small building hosting general facilities for the users, as restoration and little shops, but most of the hill is designed as green areas and public spaces. People may pass through the area with two different speeds: the first one is represented by the planned road and it is an high speed, while the second one is slower and it is defined by the internal paths. On the hill surface there is a pedestrian and bicycle paths following an orbital track, which is connected to the existing cycling path and it ends at the top of the relief, where Korean vegetation will be planted. (See vegetation specifics). The project counts the use of renewable resources in order to produce “clean” energy for the whole site and its production is based on zero emission technologies: a sequence of machineries is settled on the hill surface, in order to catch the attention of people passing by: the project intention is to mix the educational aim with a leisure experience, taking advantage of being in a public park, so the Techno Hill is recognizable because of its volume and the technological installations on its surface. Zero emission objects like photovoltaic panels and thermal collectors use solar energy to produce electricity. The installations, that reproduce natural forms like spotting flowers or

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lighting elements, capture the sun radiation sun and distribute it wherever it is required. Wind Energy objects are installed on the top of the hilland in those parts where the estimate wind input is outstanding. The technological installations are settled on the relief and they spread out in the park, which develops all around with thematic routes.In this kind of high-tech and ecological context the Han River is considered as an energy production opportunity, so a succession of water machineries is set on the riverbed, where the flow speed is considerable. The placement of these spotting floats follows the line of the planned rail bridge structure, those elements are connected with bright floats on the river surface so that the technological elements may became spotlights during night time, creating a visual landmark both from the ground level and from the surrounding hills and contributing to establish an optical link among the river and the hills, so that people driving on the two main streets might recognize the Techno Hill.

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Notes A 1000mm turbine placed into a 1 m/s flow speed river could produce 1 kW/h and in case the flow speed reaches 2 m/s the produced energy increases exponentially up to 8 kW. Solar energy is used by photovoltaic panels, placed on the surface of this technological system,those objects are similar to trees but they are made of steel pipes and bright bubbles instead of wood trunk and green leafs. Sophisticated photovoltaic cells are hung on their surfaces and connected with batteries and electronic disposals, hidden in the platforms. The micro photovoltaic cells use specific silicon made plates, settled underground, with a visible surface that catchesthe solar energy during the day and gives it back in night time, producing a light path on the Techno Hill. Thermal collectors are used to produce hot sanitary water, they should be south oriented so thattheir entire surface may capture the solar radiation, using hollow pipes collectors that have the maximal efficiency in almost all the seasons and a production advantage up to 15-20%. As far it concerns wind energy there are basically two opportunities: the first one is about isolated-grid electricity generators whose capacitiesis range from 10 kW to 200 kW, in this casethese machineries are settled in remote areas with considerable local wind flows, but they are quite expansive because of the transportation cost. The second opportunity is about a central-grid electricity generator with a capacity ranging from 200 kW to 2 MW, it impliesbig wind turbines, clustered together creating a wind farm.

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Zone E Zone E is a proposed idea zone as zone D, it includes the infrastructure facilities like the waste incinerator,the Gayang Substation and heat fusion generators.This place is close to the lake park and the green fields area, but it is separated from thosepart of the project through a ground modeling action, creating a relief that is about 10 meters high, placed next to this area boundaries. The relief has a dual function: first of all it creates a sort of visual barrier for people watching the infrastructural facilities from the outside of the Zone E. This little hill also allows you to create a sort of shield for the harmful emissions, preventing them to damage the area through the dense vegetation on relief.

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COSTS ESTIMATE HEARTWORKS Includes all materials and tasks associates with preparing the project site - demolition - grading - drainage - excavation - subgrade preparation - concrete work

DETAIL - Internal Water Hub and Water pond (Navigation and facilities) - Embankments (Perimeter of the water hub) - Hills (Convention Hill, Upbypass Hill, Downbypass Hill) - Water Ways (Water connections to the pre-existing canals) - Soil to add (Realization of the hills)

Quantity [m3]

Cost [$/m3]

Total Cost [$]

718.880

23

16.534.240

4.840

14

67.760

912.400

10

9.124.000

36.000

11

396.000

142.200

1,5

213.300

26.335.300

WATER TREATMENT, FACILITIES AND ENGINEERING WORKS Includes all materials and tasks associates with controlling the water levels and the facilities connected

SPECIFICS Quantity [m2] - Wetlands Area 115.250 (Use of specific plants to purify the water in the site) - Bio Pools 16.000 (â&#x20AC;&#x153;Blubblesâ&#x20AC;? pools connected with the Wetlands) - Marina 1 (Connections, berths for the navigation, parks and paths) - Floodgate 1 (Engeneering work for the goverment of the water levels)

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Total Cost [$]

40

4.610.000

450

7.200.000

2.010.000

2.010.000

15.000.000

15.000.000

28.820.000

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PLANTING, PAVING, SITE AMENITIES AND OTHER EQUIPMENTS Quantity [m2] - Green Fields Area 126.0000 (Leisure, sport, park ) - Equipments on the waterfront 34.700 (Berths, piers, wharfs, and other eq. for the navigation) - New waterfront on the Han River 53.400 (Fishing Pools) - Squares, Ways, Paths and Lighting 19.605 (Restorations and connections for people) - Green areas on the hills 250.000 (Parks and Lighting)

SPECIFICS

Cost [$/m2]

Total Cost [$]

160

20.160.000

125

4.337.500

110

5.874.000

85

1.666.425

63

15.750.000

47.787.925 ESTABLISHMENT AND ARCHITECTURE Includes all of the tasks that will be the responsibility of the conctractor after completion of the construction portion of the project

SPECIFICS - Small constructions and services for the marina (Nautic club, bars and other services) - Boatyard (Facilities for the boats) - Building in the retail hill (Facilities for people)

Quantity [m2]

Cost [$/m2]

Total Cost [$]

1.000

1.260

1.260.000

1.125

3.200

3.600.000

2.000

3.150

6.300.000

11.160.000

TOTAL COSTS 114.103.225 $ TOTAL WORKS COSTS SPECIFICS (#1) Total siteworks Soil supposed to be added for the siteworks Soil gained from the earthworks Total soil to add for the hills

Quantity [m2]

Cost [$/m2]

Total Cost [$]

1.048.200 292.200 150.000 142.200

1,5

213.000

1 1 1 1 1

35 42 110 32 15

SPECIFICS (#2) Squares and ways Pedestrian paths Cycling ways Lighting (paths) Lighting (pubblic spaces)

234.000

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DESIGN TEAM ARCHITECT IN CHARGE:

WITH:

Matteo Aimini SENIOR CONSULTING: Melania Bugiani LANDSCAPE DESIGNER Alessandro Pittaluga VISUAL DESIGN Renzo Rosso HYDROGEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Maurizio Vogliazzo URBAN PLANNING Federico Zanfi ARCHITECTURE & EQUIPMENT DESIGN JUNIOR CONSULTING: Fabio Azzato AULIC HYDROSYSTEMS Gilberto Bonelli SUSTAINABLE ENERGY Marco Chiodi ALGORITHMS Roberto Cominetti BOTANICAL PLANNING ARCHITECTS: Cristina Balasini Paola Berini Marco Boffi Ivan Capitani Rosa Cassanelli Raffaella Cegna Giovanni Chinellato Francesco De Giuli Silvia Donatiello Paolo Ferraris Alessandra Gamba Alessandro Gerosa Carlo Gerosa Bich Le Ngoc Francesca Loprete Alessandro Magnaghi Elisa Marini Luca Mariotti

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Annalisa Marta Valentina Mazzola Veronica Morandini Gioia Morina Ugo Mosconi Roberto Naboni Elisabetta Natale Marcela Orozco Francesca Passarella Rossella Piccaluga Paulina Rangel Giulia Renna Marco Rizzoli Andrea Rubini Gaia Sajni Paola Scorletti Anna Serra Marta Ursella


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Scale Competition

www.polarch.eu

www.aladlabs.net

www.polimi.it


Design complexity

Ecological Infrastructure

Provoking paradox

Necessary development


130ha

Magok River Park

Redesign PO

120Km

Chamount gardening

VietScape

600ha

300mq

2


Redesign PO

120Km


Piacenza

Fiorenzuola dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Arda

Cremona

Mantova


VietScape

2

6.000.000mq


Magok River Park

1.300000mq

2


Chamount gardening

300mq

2


V IE T S C AP E

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PROGRAM

_Intro _Feng Shui _Sensitive analysis _Landscape resource _Number _Strip Park _Infraleisure _ Bean Housing _Energy _Commercial Place _MoneyRoute _Way in _Hubs _Competitions plates


INTRO

VietScape borns like a groups of stratiďŹ cated solutions appliables also separatly Every concepts here is potentially a projects You may use a singol part or may combines more skills togheter Choose the way that you prefer Smart projects uses multiplies choices Flexibles and sustenaibles Landscape is the resource Tourists are only your guests


FENG SHUI Concept Energy Territory Lucky Chinese cosmography

Wind

Water

The waiting tiger

The powerfull dragon

The young dragon with the big mother

Five Dragons playing with a ball

The swimming tortoise


SENSITIVE ANALYSIS Concept Cost Line Water Supplies Sand Dunes Reliefes Agricolture & Vegetation

Coast Line

Water Supplies


Sand Dunes

Reliefes

Agricolture & Vegetation


LANDSCAPE RESOURCES Concept Hydrologic River Basin Agricolture Development Water Supplies for the new urbanization

Present Situation

River

WaterLand

Sea

Sweet Water


Phase1

Catchment basin, approximatly 700.000 mc3

Phase2

New agricolture zone development

Water Supplies for the new urbanization


NUMBERS Total Area 600 ha Turistic capacity from min 500.000 to max 1.100.000

_Housing Low Density, 1/2 ďŹ&#x201A;oors, from 10ha to 30ha Medium Density, 5/7 ďŹ&#x201A;oors, from 4ha to 12ha Villa from 2ha to 4ha Total from 16ha to 46ha

_Commercial

Explotaition Land

min. 170 ha max 400 ha

small, medium, large from 25ha to 40ha

_Park + Leisure from 80ha to 110ha 2008

_Infrastructure from 50ha to 200ha

2010

2012


STRIPARK Concept Preserve Beach Green Filter Small commercial activities From the top of the hill to the end of the beach


INFRALEISURE Concept Preserve Biotype Leisure Infrastructure Link beetwen Commercial and Residential

DUNE

BIOTYPE

SPORT DEVICE

COMMERCIAL CONTACT

NATURAL RESERVE

SEA


BEAN HOUSING Concept

1_MAXIMUM INFILTRATION, design to be easycross from everykind of users

2_COSTANT GREEN PENETRATION

LANDSCAPE UNIT Palms&Trees Barriers

Green

Services

Housing* EletricWay

3_JOINT SYSTEM UNITS


ENERGY Concept Solar energy

Wind Power


COMMERCIAL PLACE Concept

Way inside COM

Way tangent COM

Square COM


MONEYROUTE Concept Connection for Maximum Income Viability in legacy with commercial Strategic movement Different velocity Different kind of customers

MoneyRoute

Low Com.

High Com.

People

MoneyRoute

Medium Com.

MoneyRoute

High Com.

Casinò

MoneyRoute


WAY IN Concept 3 kinds of way Control accessibility Different velocities

People Bicycle Motorbike Cars Public mini bus Private bus

People Bicycle Motorbike Eletric Cars

People Bicycle


HUBS Parking

Concept

Parking

Bus station

Arrival stations Distribution Flow control

Rental

Rental

Bus station



Ecopolarity