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View with images and charts Feasible Study Of Profitability & Liquidity Of Sonali Bank (2006) (Gazipur Branch) Overview of the Bank: Sonali Bank, the largest & leading commercial bank of the country, came into being in 1972 immediately after the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent state. A fully state-owned enterprise, the bank has been discharging its nation-building responsibilities by undertaking government entrusted different socio-economic schemes as well as money market activities of its own volition, covering all spheres of the economy. Sonali Bank singularly enjoys the prestige of being the agent of the Central Bank of Bangladesh in such places where the guardian of the money market has chosen not to act by itself. Sonali Bank is governed by a Board of Directors consisting of 7(seven) members headed by a Chairman, who is a renowned economist and a former Vice Chancellor of a reputed University. The other members are distinguished representatives from both private and public sectors.The Bank is headed by the Managing Director (Chief Executive), who is a wellknown Banker and a reputed professional. The head office of the bank along with its corporate structure is located at Motijheel, Dhaka, the main commercial center of the capital. Some notable features of the Bank are as follows: Rank: Country Rank : Asian Rank : World Rank :

1 (One) 282 (Asia week, September 14, 2001) 925 (The Banker's Almanac, volume-3, July 1999 )

Capital Structure: Authorized capital Paid up capital Reserve capital

: : :

US$ 184.30 million US$ 60.30 million US$ 40.18 million

Branches and Subsidiaries: Total branches : 1186 Branches in Urban areas : 488 Branches in Rural areas : 696 Overseas branches :2 Subsidiary branches/booths in UK & USA : 15 Representative Office in K.S.A :3 Correspondents/agents

: 2000

Employees

: 24215 (Officer-12603 and staff- 11612)

Fax

:88-02-9561410


E-mail Address: sbhoitd@bttb.net sbhoid@bdmail.net sbhorcd@bttb.net.bd sbhoicd@bttb.net SWIFT Code: "BSONBDDH" Division of Sonali Bank Limited: 01.00: RURAL CREDIT DIVISION (RCD) 02.00: MICRO CREDIT DIVISION (MCD) 03.00: INTERNATIONAL TRADE FINANCE DIVISION (ITFD) 04.00: FOREIGN REMITTANCE MANAGEMENT DIVISION (FRMD) 05.00: GENERAL ADVANCES DIVISION (GAD) 06.00: INDUSTRIAL PROJECT FINANCING DIVISION (IPFD) 07.00: AGRO BASED PROJECT FINANCING DIVISION (APFD) 08.00: LOAN RECOVERY & CLASSIFICATION DIVISION (LRCD) 09.00: PROJECT MONITORING & REVIEW DIVISION (PMRD) 10.00: LEGAL MATTERS DIVISION (LMD) 11.00: TREASURY MANAGEMENT DIVISION (TMD) 12.00: GOVT. ACCOUNTS & SERVICES DIVISION (GASD) 13.00: CENTRAL ACCOUNTS DIVISION (CAD) 14.00: INSPECTION & AUDIT DIVISION-1 (I&AD-1) 15.00: INSPECTION & AUDIT DIVISION-2 (I&AD-2) 16.00: VIGILANCE & CONTROL DIVISION (VCD) 17.00: MARKETING & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (MDD) 18.00: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DIVISION (ITD) 19.00: RECONCILIATION DIVISION (RD)


20.00: MIS & STATISTICS DIVISION (MSD) 21.00: MODERNIZATION & RESTRUCTURING DIVISION (MRD) 22.00: PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT DIVISION (PMD) 23.00: HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (HRDD) 24.00: SONALI BANK STAFF COLLEGE (SBSC) 25.00: DISCIPLINARY & APPEAL DIVISION (DAD) 26.00: EMPLOYEES WELFARE & TRANSPORT DIVISION (EWTD) 27.00: ESTABLISHMENT & ENGINEERING DIVISION (EED) 28.00: COMMON SERVICES DIVISION (CSD) 29.00: BOARD DIVISION (BD) 30.00: MANAGING DIRECTOR'S SECRETARIAT (MDS)


Branches: Branches in Bangladesh:

Gazipur Gazipur (Bengali: গাজীপুর ) is a town located within the Gazipur Sadar sub-district of Gazipur District in the Dhaka Division of Bangladesh. Gazipur consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas with an area of 49.32 sq km. The town has a population of 123,531; male 52.52%, female 47.48%; and a population density of 2505 per sq km [1].Contents


Major sites and establishments: • • • • • • • •

Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BBRI) Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) Central Extension Resources Development Institute (CERDI) Seed Certification Agency (SCA) Bangladesh Ordnance Factory (BOF) BRAC Dairy Farm Bangladesh Institute of Technology (BIT) Gazipur Judge Court.

Personal Banking: Sonali Bank extends all the major personal banking facilities and services to its customers with its skilled manpower and largest network of around 1186 branches covering all the urban and remote rural areas of Bangladesh. Deposit Schemes: Name of Scheme

Interest Rates ( Floating )

Current Deposit :

Nil

Savings Deposit :

4.00%

   

Urban Area (City Corporation, Others Municipality, Upazila Sadar Branches ) Rural Area Savings Deposit from Foreign Remittance

Short Term Deposit:

Fixed Deposit :

5.00% 6.00% 6.00% 3.50%

   

3 Months or above but less than 6 months 7.00% 6 Months or above but less than 1 year 7.50% 1year or above but less than 2 years 7.75% 1years or above but less than 3 years 8.00%

DPS:

15.00%

SDPS:  5 years  10years

8.00% 10.00%


Personal Services: Sonali Bank provides Local & Foreign Remittance in quickest possible time. Foreign remittance is available in both T.C. & Taka draft. •

Transfer of fund from one branch to another by  Demand Draf  Mail Transfer

• • • • • •

Telegraphic Transfer Transfer of fund on Standing Instruction Arrangement Collection of cheques through Clearing House/beyond Clearing House. Issuance of Payment Order / Call Deposit. Locker facilities for safe keeping of valuables Corporate Client Services with computerized system at selective branches.

International Banking: Sonali Bank's pioneer and extensive role in international banking has enabled it to broaden and deepen its base of qualified professionals for extending expert service to the valued clients. Product & Services: • • • •

Export Credit (Pre-shipment & Post shipment) Facilitating Supplier's Credit LCs (Letter of Credit) Guarantees in Foreign Currency  Bid Bond  Performance Guarantee  Advance Payment Guarantee.

• • • • • • •

Bill Purchasing/Discounting Remittance, collection, purchases & sales of Foreign Currency & Traveller's Cheques. NRAT (Non-Resident Account in Taka) NFCD A/c (Non-Resident Foreign Currency Deposit) RFCD A/c (Resident Foreign Currency Deposit) Convertible and Non-convertible Taka Account Forward contracts

Import Finance: Sonali Bank supports its customers by providing facilities throughout the import process to ensure smooth running of their business. The facilities are:-


• • •

Import Letter of Credit Post Import Financing (LIM,LTR etc) Import collection services & Shipping Guarantees

Export Finance: Sonali Bank offers extra cover to its customers for whole export process to speed up receipt of proceeds. The facilities are:• • • •

Export Letters of Credit advising Pre-shipment Export Financing Export documents negotiation Letter of Credit confirmation

Guarantee In Foreign Currency: Sonali bank issues guarantee (Bid Bond/Performance Bond/Advance Payment Guarantee) at the request of Bangladeshi exporter through our foreign Correspondent Banks. Guarantees (Bid Bond/Performance Bond/Advance Payment Guarantee) against Counter Guarantee of foreign correspondent banks in favour of Bangladeshi beneficiaries are also issued. The Government has declared a number of facilities in the Export-Import Policy which, in brief, are as follows:• • • • • • • • • • • • •

Financial incentives General incentives Infrastructure facilities, specially in Export Processing Zone Concessional rate of cargo fair Special facilities to sub-contracting export Higher annual ceiling for sending specimen of exportable goods Facilities for import of specimen for product development Multiple entry visa for foreign importers and investors Facilities for attending to market development and international fair Awarding national trophy and nominating CIP Deemed export facilities Allowing export/import without LC in special cases Liberal terms for import of industrial raw materials of export oriented industries and Incentive for using local raw materials

Trade Financing: Credit Packages:


Sonali Bank extends multiple credit facilities to boost up trade, commerce and industry. The credit packages and interest rates are as under: Credit Packages :

Interest Rates (Floating)

• • • •

Credit to Trade and Commerce Working capital to Industries. Credit for Power Driven Vechicle/Water Transport. Overdraft against:        

• • • • • • • •

Fixed deposits DPS/SDPS Accounts National Savings Certificates ICB Certificates Life Insurance Policy Wage Earners' Development Bonds Shares and Debentures of Public Limited Cos. Work Order of Govt./Semi-Govt./Corporations

Housing Loans Small Loans Packing Cash Credit. Consumers credit Working Capital to Diagnostic Centers Loans to Public Sector Enterprises. Cash credit facilities for Small Business enterprises Agricultural loan under various program/project

12% 11% 12% 10% 10% 10% 12% 12% 10% 12% 12% 12% 10% -- 10.50% 7% --8.50 12% 11% 12% 12% 9%

Industrial Banking: Credit Schemes: Long term loan for setting up new industrial units and BMRE of existing units including working capital finance are extended by Sonali Bank to cottage industries, small-mediumlarge scale industries and also to self-employed persons with a view to creating employment opportunities, deployment of resources, increasing GDP and over-all industrial development of the country. Currently the following credit schemes are on offer by the bank: Some of the main Credit Schemes: • • • • •

Industrial Financing for Thrust Sectors Sonali Bank Industrial Credit Scheme Special Investment Scheme for Cottage and Small Industries Financing Large Scale Industries through Banks' Consortium. Financing Software Development and Data Processing.


Besides the traditional and oft-trodden sectors, Sonali Bank has also come up with very low rate of interest to finance the following thrust sectors of the economy as identified by the Government: • • • • • • • • • • • •

Software development and data processing. Agro-based industries (excepting cold storage for preservation of potatoes). Manufacture of artificial flowers. Frozen foods. Gift items (preferably export oriented). 100% export oriented finished leather goods. 100% export oriented jute goods. Jewelry and Diamond cutting and polishing. Oil and Gas. Sericulture and silk industries. Stuffed Toys (preferably export oriented). 100% export oriented textile industry (excepting garments manufacturing industries).

Other Viable Industrial Sectors: • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Composite textile (woven & knit fabrics) Textile / Acrylic Spinning Sweater Industry Garments Accessories & Washing Plant Denim Fabrics (export oriented) Tourism / Hotel and Resort facilities Hospital & Clinics Other Export linkage industries. Power Generating Plant. LPG, CNG Filling & Conversion plant. Pharmaceutical Ind. Plastic Ind. Tannery/Rubber Foot wear. Other highly rewarding appropriate technology based projects.

Nature of Loan 1. 2. 3.

Interest rates (Floating)

Term loan/Project loan Term loan/project loan (Thrust Sector) Working capital

9% --11% 9% 11%

Rural Banking: Rural lending continues to be one of the core lending programs of Sonali Bank. Sonali Bank stepped into rural lending in 1973. Any comparative study would clearly depict Sonali Bank's supremacy in the Rural Finance Market over other private or public sector commercial banks


in Bangladesh. All the on-going rural and micro finance outlets of Sonali Bank aim at increasing agricultural output, promote agro-based Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs), facilitate agro-based support services, create and sustain employment opportunities through linking the rural and urban poor to the various Income Generating Activitis (IGAs) and reduce poverty. Sonali Bank's Rural / Microcredit has been channeled through a wide network of 1073 rural branches. Broadly, Sonali Bank's rural and mircocredits are of following categories: Program Credit: These outfits aim at addressing the credit need of the mainstream agriculture ( viz. cereal crops, tubers, pulses, oilseeds, etc.) and agro-sub-sectors (viz. dairy, poultry, fisheries, hatchery, etc.) as well as agro-offshoots ranging from medium term as in small and medium agro-enterprises to long term as in agro-based industries. The programs include: • • • • • •

Special Agricultural Credit Program (credit to subsistence and marginal farmers as well as share-croppers for raising seasonal crops ) Financing the poor and subsistence farmers grouped under formal cooperative societies. Finance to agro-based Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) under a scheme named Special Investment Scheme. Finance to Agrobased Industries. Finance to various farm and off-farm micro enterprises. Credit to agro-support sectors (viz. various irrigation equipments, agricultural implements, tractors, powertillers etc).

Supervised Credit: These programs predominantly aim at reducing the level of poverty and generate selfemployment opportunities with the core objective of improving the quality of life. Linkage Credit: Targeted hardcore rural and urban poor, socially as well as technically mobilized and prepared by Partner Organizations (NGOs and various public bodies). In all the cases, Sonali Bank's microcredits aim at socio-economic development and empowerment of the poor with special focus on disadvantaged/destitute women. Sonali Bank has, interalia, three microcredit products that exclusively target the disadvantaged rural and urban women, namely : • • •

Integrated Rural Women Development Programme (IRWDP). Credit for Urban Women Micro Enterprise Development Programme (CUMED) NGO linkage programme for assisting the women in city slums.


Linkage with Microfinance - NGOs: Bangladesh has been the world's capital of Microfinance with more than 1,000 Micro Finance Institutions (MFls) concentrating to this sector. Sonali Bank with a mission of building a sustainable business relationship with the MFls has marketed this new product in 1997 and leveraged so far a total sum of Tk. 500 Million (=US$ 10 million approximately) to a number of MFIs. Sonali Bank's NGO-linkage program has been regarded as the single largest linkage outfit in the world. Incentives: Rural/Microcredit clients are usually given incentives for on-time repayments by offering rebate on interest payable. Nature of Loan

Interest Rates (Floating)

1.Mainstream Agriculture  Crop Loan  Other agricultural loan  Thrust sector (viz. Dairy, Poultry, Fisheries etc)

8.00% 8.00% 8.00%

2.Microcredit/Microenterprises  a) NGO-linkage  b) Microenterprises

9% 12.00%

Investment Banking: Central Accounts & Fund Management Division at Head Office maintains Investment Portfolio of the Bank. With a view to implementing Government policies & decisions and accelerating the growth of the Capital Market of the country, surplus funds of Sonali Bank are utilized in the following areas: a) Short Term:

1. Call Loans: An overnight investment to other Banks & Financial Institutions

2. Treasury Bills: Investment made to the Government through Treasury Bills. b) Long Term: 1. Government / Public Bonds:


Sonali Bank purchases bonds issued by the Govt. of Bangladesh and other Public Bodies. 2. Shares / Equity Participation: Sonali Bank participates in the IPO and extends bridge finance to the equity of Public Ltd. Companies, Institutions and Public Bodies. 3. Debentures: Sonali Bank purchases debentures issued by the Public Bodies and Financial Institutions under Government Guarantee. Besides, Sonali Bank purchases the debentures of the Public Limited Companies. Government Business: Reciepts & Paments: Bangladesh Bank, the central bank of the country has authorized Sonali bank to carry out Government transactions on its behalf in places where it has no branch. At present 572 branches of Sonali Bank carry out Government transactions. These branches receive deposits towards Government exchequer and pay against different Government bills/Payrolls. Besides, 104 more branches of Sonali Bank receive only deposits towards Government exchequer where branches of Bangladesh Bank exist. Utility Services: Sonali Bank offers multiple special services with its network of branches throughout the country in addition to its normal banking operations. Collection : • • • • • • •

Gas bills Electricity bills Telephone bills Water/Sewerage bills Municipal holding Tax Passport fees and Travel tax Customs & excise duties

Payment: • • • • •

Pension of employees of Government and other Corporate Bodies Army pension British pension Students' stipend/scholarship Old age allowances


• • • •

Widows, divorcees and destitute women allowances Freedom Fighters' allowances Govt. & Non-Govt. Teachers' salary. Food procurement bill on behalf of the Govt.

Sale & Encashment/Purchase: • • • • •

Savings Certificates ICB Unit Certificates Prize Bonds Wage Earner's Development Bonds Lottery tickets of different Semi-Govt. and Autonomous Bodies.

Total Deposit of the Bank Deposit Schemes Current Deposit Savings Deposit Fixed Deposit Total Deposit (Taka)

Amount (Taka) 20,000,0 00 260,000,0 00 20,000,0 00 300,000,0 00

Percentage 7% 87% 7% 100%

Statutory Reserve(TK) Cash Reserve Ratio(CCR): Statutory Liquidity Ratio

4.5% of total Deposit 00 13.5% invested as 00 bond or T-Bill

13,500,0 40,500,0 54,000,0

Total Statutory Reserve(taka)

00

Deposit Available For Investment(Tk)

246,000,000 3,000,0 00 70,000,0 00 173,000,0 00

Cash Deposit available for loans &advances Loan to headoffice(Sonali Bank)


Income from Investment & Loans(TK) Credit Packages

Amount

Interest Rate

Interest Income

1. Rice Mill 2. Electronic Shop 3. Cosmetics market 4. Nursary

2,000,000 1,800,000 1,900,000 3,900,000

5.Working Capital to Diagnostic Centers 6.Credit for power driven vechicle 7.Working capital for Medium Business

4,000,000 3,900,000

loan

under

4000000 3800000 3900000

9%

various 8,300,000

Total RCD Loan

1,800,000

2,500,000

Total CC Loan 20,000,000 Rural Credit Department(RCD) 1. Fishing 2. poultry Firm 3. Dairy Firm 4.Agricultural program/project

12%

2,400,000

Cash credit facilities for Medium Business enterprises(CC)

20,000,000

Staff Housing Loans Total Staff Housing Loans

20,000,0 00

6%

20,000,000

1,200,000

Staff Housing Loans (At Bank Rate)

Total Small Loans

10,000,0

10%

10,000,000

Loan to Head Office Jodevpur Branch cant invest/loan all of its deposit.The rest of money they give loan to 00 sonali bank head office branch

174,000,0 7.5%

13,050,000

Cash credit facilities for Small Business enterprises 00

1,000,000

Small Loans


Total Loan to Head Office

174,000,000 19,450, 000

Total Income from Investments & loans Income from Other Sources L/C Commision BG Commision Commision on PO/DD/TT/MT Foreign Exchange Charge Fees & Charges miscellaneous Others Income

Amount(Taka) 62,500. 00 50,000. 00 200,000. 00 93,750. 00 187,500. 00 31,250. 00 625,000. 00 Amount(Taka) 19,450,0 00 625,0 00

Income Summary Income From Loans & Investments Income from Other Sources Total Income

20,075,000

Cost of Fund: Interest Expense Deposit Schemes Current Deposit Savings Deposit Fixed Deposit

Amount (Taka ) 20,000,000. 00 260,000,000. 00 20,000,000. 00

Interest Rate

Interest

0%

13,000, 000.00 1,700, 000.00 14,700, 000.00

5% 8.5%

Total Interest Expense (Taka)

Nonfunded Expense: 2,580,0 Salaries & Allowances

00


204,0 Rent Taxes & Insurance

00 Head Office 60,0

Telephone Bill

00 24,0

Lighting

00 12,0

Poatage,Stamps,Telecommunication Directors Fees Auditors Fees

00

Srattionary,Printing,Advertisements Depreciation,Leasing expense& Repair of bank

00

61,0 10,0 00 10,0

Other Expenses

00

Total Nonfunded Expenses

2,961,000

Cost of Fund 14,700,000. Interest expense Nonfunded Expense Total cost of Fund

00 2961000 17,661,000. 00

Profit 20,075,0 Income From Investment

00 17,661,0

Cost Of Fund Profitability

00 2,414,000


sonali bank gazipur branch