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Linking Escondido’s Rich History to its Future - learn more on page 33

BE PREPARED FOR

FIRE SEASON

Issue 32 Summer 2017

More on page 27

TEACHING CONSERVATION

TO THE NEXT GENERATION More on page 23


HIGH QUALITY EDUCATIONAL CHOICES: • Neighborhood schools • Home schooling • Innovative specialty schools: • Conway Elementary • Del Dios Academy of Arts and Sciences • Mission Middle • Quantum Academy

WHY CHOOSE EUSD FOR YOUR CHILD?

ENRICHMENT OPPORTUNITIES: • STEAM instruction (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math) • Music programs • Video production • Middle school electives • Physical education at EVERY grade level by credentialed physical education teachers • Dual language programs

You want the best for your child, and so do we. We are the Escondido Union School District (EUSD), and we’ve been educating, nurturing, and empowering the children of the Escondido community since the 1880s. But don’t let our age fool you — we’re anything but oldfashioned. EUSD is an innovative school district, rich in technology and award-winning programs that are revered and modeled by educators from around the globe.

NURTURING THE WHOLE CHILD: • Full-time at every EUSD school: • School social worker • Licensed vocational nurse • Family liaison • Two full-time counselors at every middle school

Kindergarten Registration Now Open

760.432.2400 eusd.org/whyeusd


TABLE OF C ON TEN TS

19

Contents CITY SHTICKER.................................................07 Valued lessons from a seasoned real estate professional.

REDBACK BOOTS..............................................10

23

Learn about this family-owned and operated footwear company.

IMMIGRATION AND ALCOHOL...........................12

IMPROVING INFRASTRUCTURE.........................30

Sharing a drink may have more history than you think.

OVERCOMING OBSTACLES.................................16

The benefits of using recyclable materials for our local roads.

Escondido High School students are preparing for the future.

SAVING THE EARTH...........................................18

Sophomore scholars interact at the San Diego Children’s Discovery Museum.

Escondido’s annual earth day poster contest brings awareness.

BUSTER BIOFUELS............................................19

Linking the history of Escondido to its bright future.

The replacement of petroleum-based fuel is already in the works.

BUILDING GREAT COMMUNITIES.......................23

Preparing our students for the experience of working in the real world.

ECOLIFE brings next-gen thinking to San Diego classrooms.

VOLUNTEERING................................................26

Three Escondido businesses affected by flames—but not lost.

Why it is such an integral part of the high school experience.

‘TIS THE SEASON TO PREP................................27

A look at the diversity of Orange Glen High School and its positive impact.

Tips to keep your home and business safe this fire season.

Why George Brown moved his business to Escondido.

4 | Escondido Magazine

12

EXPANDING HORIZONS....................................31

BACK TO THE FUTURE.......................................33

NEXT GENERATION INTERNSHIPS.....................35

27

TRIAL BY FIRE..................................................36

MICROCOSM OF THE GLOBAL MARKETPLACE....38

THE BIG MOVE.................................................40

10


Connecting Commerce to Community.

UNLOCK YOUR BUSINESS POTENTIAL With a rich history spanning more than 100 years, the Escondido Chamber of Commerce has been a driving force among the key players in developing and implementing positive actions which lead to prosperity for the community, its businesses and its citizens.

Your business success is our mission. Partnership with the Chamber is one of the best business decisions you can make. You may choose to be actively involved in our committees and various networking events, or simply take advantage of our business advocacy and marketing.

Volunteer leadership and dedicated staff ensures the Chamber s fiscal health, relevance and vibrancy, and is the leading component for a strong voice for business. EVENTS CALENDAR Good Morning Escondido! Kick off your day with an energetic networking breakfast. Current and future members of the Chamber of Commerce. RSVP. • Friday, July 28 - J & M s 7:15a.m. - 9:00a.m. • Friday, August 25 - Escondido Chamber 8:00a.m. - 9:00a.m. • Friday, September 22 - J & M s 7:15a.m. - 9:00a.m. Business After Five Mixer This event provides you with the opportunity to exchange ideas, meet qualified business connections and generate new leads. Prospective members call to reserve. Sponsor tables available. Cost: Members Free, Guests $20. Thursday, July 13, 5:00p.m.-7:00p.m. California Pizza Kitchen Thursday, August 10, 5:00p.m.-7:00p.m. Morgan Brown Real Estate Thursday, September 14, 5:00p.m.-7:00p.m. Vinyard Golf Course

Plates for Eight Network and establish connections with other Chamber business members, while enjoying lunch. Members only. RSVP required. Wednesday, July 19, 11:30a.m.-1:00p.m. Marie Callendar s Wednesday, August 16, 11:30a.m.-1:00p.m. Golden Egg Omelet House Wednesday, September 20, 11:30a.m.-1:00p.m. Mi Guadalajara Lunch Bunch Tuesday, August 1, 11:30a.m.-1:00p.m. Cocina Del Charro Tuesday, September 5, 11:30a.m.-1:00p.m. Palomar Medical Center Café

Call us today for more information.

760-745-2125 RSVP: claudine@escondidochamber.org

Government Affairs Committee Meeting First Tuesday of the month, 4:00p.m., Escondido Chamber of Commerce Economic Development Committee Meeting Second Thursday of the month, 12:00p.m., Escondido Chamber of Commerce Special Events: Escondido Chamber Open House Tuesday, July 25, 5:00p.m.-7:00p.m. Escondido Chamber of Commerce 19th Annual Chamber Golf Tournament Friday, September 15, 11:30a.m.-7:00p.m. The Vineyard Golf Course Escondido


M ASTHEAD

THE FIRST SURVIVOR OF

PUBLISHER Escondido Chamber of Commerce

But we won’t get there without you. Visit alz.org to join the fight.

EDITOR Alicia Reeves

ASSIGNMENT EDITOR Heather Petrek

CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Joel Brown Tom Hogarty

ART DIRECTOR / GRAPHIC DESIGN William Daniels of Easie Business Services 858-229-4038 | easie.biz

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE IS

OUT THERE. San Diego Children’s Discovery Museum

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS George Brown Whitney Butler Anna Chanthaphavong Maurice DiMarino Stacey Ellison Irv Erdos Kristin Gaspar Jamie Lee Brionne Moore Maddie Moreno Trevor Owens Heather Petrek Rick Vogt

CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHERS Stacey Ellison, Buster Halterman PRINTING BY Advanced Web Offset

Explore • Imagine • Experiment Through Hands-On Science, Art, and World Culture Activities

Learn Through Play! DI

SCOVERY • General Admission: $8 SUMMER CAMP • Annual Memberships starting at $75 One Week Session s • Open daily from 9:30am-4:30pm Ages K - Grade 3 • Ages 0-10 June 26-30 • Indoor & Outdoor Space July 10-August 11 • Field Trips, Group Visits, Book Now! Birthday Parties & Summer Camp • Daily Educational Programs • Monthly cultural celebrations: SDCDM Roots Series & KPBS Kids Workshops • Private Event Rental

ADVERTISING SALES Claudine Rumbawa 760-745-2125 ext. 202 claudine@escondidochamber.org Rorie Johnston 760-745-2125 rorie@escondidochamber.org

Tom Hogarty 760-855-8083 tom@hogartycommunications.com Judy Fitzgerald 760-745-2125 judy@escondidochamber.org

> SDCDM.ORG Want to come to the Museum all the time? Become a Member! Use online code: ESCONDIDOMAG during

online check out to receive 20% off your annual Family Membership!

*Members receive discounts on Group Visits, Birthday Parties, and Summer Camp.

(760) 233-7755 • 320 North Broadway, Escondido, CA 92025

720 N. Broadway, Escondido, CA 92025 760-745-2125 | info@escondidochamber.org


HUMOR

It’s Time To Make Your

City Shticker

Living Trust

Valued Lessons From a Seasoned Real Estate Professional BY IRV ERDOS

WHEN I MOVED TO CALIFORNIA years ago, I decided to go into the real estate business. After all, I had been a veteran agent, having sold homes in Brooklyn and Queens for over a decade, so it made sense to carry on the profession here. I got my California real estate license and went to work for a company on Grand Avenue. I figured I’d fit right in since I had all that previous experience in New York. How different could real estate sales be in California? Before long, a gentleman walked into the office wanting to purchase a home in the area. “I got this,” I confidently said to the manager as I ushered the buyer to my desk. I told him about a charming home that had just come on the market. It had four bedrooms, three bathrooms, a three-car garage, and a lovely view of the valley. “Can I have a horse?” the man inquired.

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I thought that was a rather strange query. Why would I care if he got a horse? I recall when my daughter was six and she asked her mother and me if she could have a puppy. That was a normal question, posed by a toddler. But this was no toddler. I estimate the gentleman was about 50 or 60 years of age, too old, no doubt, to be asking his parents for permission to get a horse, but why then is he asking me?

“I’m an equestrian,” the gentleman explains. Unfortunately, I never heard of the term, and back in those days there was no such thing as Google. I wasn’t sure if he was referring to a party affiliation or a sexual orientation. But why would he feel the need to confide such matters in me? I guess it’s a California thing. I heard folks around here tend to be more friendly and outgoing, willing to share things of a personal nature, even with folks they hardly knew. So, I assumed that’s why he was telling me he was equestrian. Not to appear distant, I felt the need to reciprocate. “I’m an Independent,” I declared… “Also heterosexual.”  “I’m trying to tell you I like horses,” he explained.

Too much information, I felt, but then it’s California, so who am I to [ continued on page 09 ]

Advertise your business for as little as

84

$

Escondido’s “must try” 2016 Dining Destinations. Check it out on page 31!

/mo

“What does home mean to you?” Local student writers answer on page 41.

Create Your Ultimate Spa

Bathroom More on page 9

2015 - 2016

DINING

ISSUE

7

An inside look at

REASONS

Tiny Houses More on page 27

You Should use a REALTOR®! More on page 38

Exotic Minerals

Real Estate

and gemstonesEscondido page 24

has it all! More on page 34

Issue 27 Spring 2016

Unless we’re talking about the cops. They find horses can be quite effective in controlling an unruly mob.

Special Real Estate Issue!

Issue 26 Winter 2015

Besides, where would he keep one? In the garage? I’ve heard of some people owning unusual pets, but this was a first. A neighbor of mine had an iguana, and my nephew in Brooklyn has a hedgehog, but no one in New York has ever had a horse. 

Request a media kit today!

760-745-2125


C ON TR IBUTOR S

GEORGE BROWN

WHITNEY BUTLER

ANNA CHANTHAPHAVONG

MAURICE DIMARINO

STACEY ELLISON

George Brown is an interior designer, cabinet designer, remodeler, serial entrepreneur, blogger, and dog lover. Visit Gallery Home Design, Inc. at 743 E. Valley Parkway. Contact him at georgeb@ galleryhomedesign.net.

Whitney Butler is a professional freelance writer and wannabe chef. She grew up in Escondido, enjoys international travel, wearing sunglasses and managing her company Butler Ink & Media.

Anna Chanthaphavong is a senior at Escondido High School. She participates in the National Honor Society, Future Farmers Of America, and is the Vice President of the Gay Straight Alliance.

Maurice DiMarino is a native of San Diego and is the Sommelier & Beverage Director for the Cohn Restaurant Group where he oversees 18 restaurants. He also writes for one of the most unique wine blogs in San Diego, mauricescru.com. 

Stacey Ellison is the Executive Director for the Escondido History Center located in Grape Day Park.

IRV ERDOS

KRISTIN GASPAR

JAMIE LEE

BRIONNE MOORE

MADDIE MORENO

Irv Erdos is a humor columnist. Contact him at IrvErdos@aol.com.

Kristin Gaspar is a successful small businesswoman, local elected official, and active mother.

Jamie Lee is an Assistant Principal within EUHSD. At OGHS she oversees the World Languages & Social Sciences departments. She is a fervent advocate of the benefits to the linguistic and cultural diversity in schools. 

Brionne Moore is a scholar in her senior year at Del Lago Academy – Campus of Applied Science. She is president of the LGBT Straight Alliance Club. Her dream career is in the field of architecture.

Maddie Moreno is a junior at San Pasqual High School and the managing editor for her school’s newspaper, “Eagle Eye.” She is also on San Pasqual’s junior varsity tennis and softball teams. Maddie will be attending a four-year university.

TREVOR OWENS

HEATHER PETREK

RICK VOGT

Trevor Owens is a senior at Orange Glen High School, entering his fourth year on the varsity basketball team, and his first year as the co-editor of the school newspaper. He plans to attend Biola University to pursue a career in engineering.

Heather Petrek is the Assignment Editor for The Escondido Magazine and a freelance writer specializing in fiction for adults and children.

Escondido Fire Chief Rick Vogt, a 31-year fire service veteran, earned his BA at Point Loma Nazarene University and MPA at CSU San Bernardino. Chief Vogt has been married to his wife Karen for 15 years and they have four children.

8 | Escondido Magazine


HUMOR

[ continued from page 07 ]

judge? Still, I felt the need to change the subject and get back to talking about the house.

“Is there anything further you’d like to know about the property?” I ask. “What kind of soil does it have?” he inquires.

“Soil?” I question.

“Yes,” he says. “Do you know if it’s sandy loam, clay, or decomposed granite?” Apparently, I was dealing with a geologist. In all my years selling real estate in New York, never once had anyone asked me about the soil. Probably because in New York there is no such thing. “I really don’t know about the composition of the soil,” I confess. “It’s basically dirt. If you fall in it, you have to wash your pants.” It was at that point the gentleman reached into his pocket and pulled out something that looked like a hand grenade.

“Please don’t pull the pin,” I pleaded.

“It’s an avocado,” he says. “You do know what an avocado is, don’t you?”

I thought that was a rather insulting question to ask a graduate from a highly respected New York university. “Of course I know what avocado is,” I replied. “It’s a color. It used to be popular back in the 70s. My family once owned an avocado refrigerator. It matched the linoleum in the kitchen.” “Avocado is a fruit,” he explained. “You mash it up and turn it into a dip.”

At first I thought he was pulling my leg, but I later discovered there actually is such a thing. Turns out he was asking about the soil because he wanted to know if the land was suitable for growing what they call guacamole. The truth is I learned a lot from that buyer. I credit him with helping me shed my naiveté and become the sophisticated California agent I am today.

“I want you to find me a house where I could plant not just avocados, but other fruit trees, as well as a variety of plants and shrubs. I’m not just an equestrian,” he explained, “I’m also a Botanist.” “Jewish,” I replied. EM Contact humor columnist Irv Erdos at IrvErdos@aol.com.


BUSIN ESS

Redback Boots Work and Play in Superior Style BY HEATHER PETREK | PHOTOS COURTESY OF REDBACK BOOTS

THE JOURNEY FROM AUSTRALIA TO ESCONDIDO is a long one, but there is a prestigious brand of footwear that travels those 8,000-plus miles to anticipating customers – Redback Boots. Redback USA, a 4th generation business, creates boots in Australia and ships them to customers in Canada, Mexico, and the United States.

What makes the company unique is that it is family-owned and operated. Redback is a premium source of Australian made footwear that is offered to be sold to the public, and is the largest importer/distributor of this type of footwear. According to Rachel Olsen, Executive Assistant at Redback

10 | Escondido Magazine

Boots, located at 955 S. Andreasen Drive, there are twelve employees who support the mission statement and belief that hard working people inspire quality products. “That belief defines our business, strengthens our brand and reaffirms our commitment to delivering exceptional footwear,” says Olsen.

Redback Boots, associated with Escondido since 1998, offers a one-of-a-kind footwear experience. Some of Redback’s customers work in industries where they are required to stand on their feet for extended periods of time. Workers in public service, farming, or equitation (the action or art of riding on horseback), or participants in outdoor or leisure


BUSIN ESS

Redback Boots, associated with Escondido since 1998, offers a one-of-a-kind footwear experience.

activities, such as hiking, benefit from the footwear that provides support as well as comfort. Distinctive customers are able to find products they need at Redback. The company offers tactical boots for the public safety, police, and auto tech industries; safety shoes with steel toes for workers like electricians, those in construction, or others whose occupations take place in hazardous environments; slip-on work boots; low cut nonslip shoes; lace-up boots, and more. A comprehensive sizing chart to help customers zero in on their most comfortable fit can be found on the company’s website. Many features of Redback’s products set the company apart from other footwear suppliers.

Customers can expect their boots to hold their shape better, due to the quality of leather used. In addition, Redback Boots are less likely to harden or crack. The boots’ soles anatomically support the foot, cutting down on leg pain, back pain, and other fatigue, making the footwear not only comfortable, but highly functional. Excellent traction on walking surfaces, heel reinforcement, and the ability to absorb shock are some of the other aspects of the effectiveness of Redback footwear. No matter your particular requirements, Redback Boots offers exceptional footwear to fit the job. Says owner Thom Meyer, “we do what we do.” Call 760-746-9632 or visit redbackboots.com for additional information. EM

Summer 2017 | 11


HISTOR Y

Immigration and Alcohol Sharing a Drink May Have More History Than You Think BY MAURICE DIMARINO

(as discovered in the bones of mummies in Egypt) and, of IMMIGRATION IS A HOT TOPIC in the media today. My course, made us happy. The first sign of fermented beverages entire family were immigrants, and look at us today, wellwas in the Caucasus mountains (where the Caucasian people integrated and contributing to society. I cannot stand aside came from), today known as the area of Georgia just north and keep quiet when I hear the rhetoric of how immigrants are destroying America. I will prove to you that without of Turkey and Iran. Mesopotamia eventually had the first city immigration we would not be enjoying what we enjoy most, states, which arrived from agriculture and were linked to alcoholic drinks. Here is a quick look at farming grains for beer and bread. the history of alcohol and immigration As centuries went on, migrants “Remember, remember and how it influenced our society, from Phoenicia, Babylonia, Egypt, always, that all of us, Greece, Carthage and Rome passed politics and traditions. and you and I especially, through these areas, changing alcohol It is believed that the first alcoholic are descended from beverage was discovered by monkeys forever. The Greeks were immigrants immigrants and when they drank fermented date palms. from the isle of Greece and brought Those monkeys soon realized that the wine to the Mediterranean regions of revolutionists.” world was a much better place to live in Italy, Spain and France. The Romans - Franklin D. Roosevel once they chewed on those dates. Ever immigrated to northern Italy and since then, humans have used alcohol learned wine making from the Etruscan. for similar reasons, to improve the quality of life. At first it was They went on to migrate throughout the European continent, essential. Water was not palatable and fermented grain water spreading vines, oak barrels and roads on which to spread and grape juice was. It also supplied carbohydrates, antibiotics more juice. They also learned from the Northern Barbarians 12 | Escondido Magazine


HISTOR Y

changed the world. English plantation owners planted sugar how to brew beer, mead and cider. They introduced wine to cane, sold the sugar to England (eventually destroying the the Germanic tribes and Gauls. massive Madeira sugar trade by underpricing sugar) and with Distillation was first discovered in Pakistan. It was perfected sugar’s waste, known as molasses, created rum. Plantation in Arabia by Muslims. The Moors migrated to Spain and with owners of Barbados became the first tycoons. Those tycoons them brought distillation. Celtic immigrants in Northern Spain returned to England and built porter breweries, forever were booted from the country and pushed north to Whales and changing beer. Rum made its way to the Scotland where they invented whiskey. Americas where immigrants known as The English migrated to Portugal and pilgrims were trying to make a go of it Spain where they found sherry and “Our national drug is with beer and whiskey. Unfortunately, Madeira. Madeira became the staple for alcohol. We tend to regard grains were difficult to grow, rum was England’s major migration throughout any other drug with easy to produce and it became the drink India, the Caribbean and America. The extreme horror.” of the colonists. England’s taxation on wine lasted long voyages and traveled - William Burroughs sugar, molasses and rum eventually led well. It kept the English alive and to the War of Independence. drinking. Following the War of Independence, What about illegal immigration? What I mean is slavery. This is really the Americans stopped drinking rum. They only real illegal immigration that ever existed – Africans pulled turned to those Scottish and Irish immigrants who were away from their lands and brought against their will to the producing whiskey in the back woods. Whiskey eventually islands of Barbados to make rum. Rum became the spirit that became the American spirit. However, there was a temperance

[ continued on page 14 ]

Summer 2017 | 13


HISTOR Y

[ continued from page 13 ]

movement starting up in the early 1800s that outlawed the sale of liquor, but immigrants were smart and found loop holes. For example, instead of selling liquor they would sell a show and serve liquor for free. The temperance movement did not last long. There were more immigrants on the way to put an end to it. The US was hit by massive German immigration known as the 48ers. These German immigrants brought with them the lager, the beer that changed the world. No longer were people drinking heavy stale ales, but fresh light low ABV lagers. These Germans became barons and the first lobbyists. They used their wealth to help change laws. They created the income tax, allowing them to win favor from the government. The US government did not impede their business, leaving them alone to produce beer, and was handsomely rewarded through taxation. The Germans brought with them the beer garden, a place for families to get together and spend Sunday afternoons. As the barons became wealthier, beer gardens became theme parks. If it weren’t for immigrants, we would not have America’s favorite past time, roller coasters and carnivals. The down side was the temperance movement had almost a century to organize and latched on to anti-immigration mantras as scare tactics. WWI gave rise to this new movement and with it came anti-German sentiments. Whiskey was a problem. The beginning of the industrial revolution brought stress to family life. The poor working conditions and low wages, combined with the abuse of men drinking whiskey, led

14 | Escondido Magazine

to a lot of spousal and child abuse. Rather than demonizing whiskey, it was easier to demonize beer because it was made by Germans. It was easier to get people to hate the Germans than it was to hate American whiskey. This anti-immigration scare tactic led to the darkest time in our lives, PROHIBITION. No alcohol for 13 years. It took another immigrant force to make a change – the Cuban and Italian immigrants. Cuba became the place for wealthy Americans to go and have a drink. Cubans saw that there was a need for liquor in the US. Most of the US distilleries closed and those that remained opened were forced to produce alcohol for medicinal use. Their limited production was not enough to feed the rise of many speakeasies and underground drinking joints. Rum was easy to bring from Cuba. The Italian immigrants, being wise business people, took the lead with bootlegging. Hence the rise of the Mafia’s power. This bootlegging led to the resurgence of rum in America. After prohibition, whiskies still needed to age, and rum was readily available, and so was the only drink that prospered from prohibition, Coca Cola. It was a no-brainer, the Cuba Libre. We later saw Hollywood jump on the rum wagon and Tiki became the thing. Cocktail bars popped up, Elvis went to Hawaii and Gilligan got stranded on an island. Prohibition ended, and WWII began. Instead of being able to produce grains for beer and whisky we had to produce grain for the war effort. Not only was rum an obvious choice, but so were grapes. However, WWII brought its own discrimination


HISTOR Y

against immigrants – this time the Asians. The fact that we were at war with Japan meant that at home we were at war with the yellow people. Up to this time, the grunt work force were the Chinese. We needed a new grunt worker. So, we opened the doors to Mexico and invited a new worker through the Bracero program. These Mexican workers were temporary workers. Eventually, Mexicans from southern Mexico made their way north and gave rise to our border towns. This work force also gave rise to wine in America. Without the Mexicans we would not be able to enjoy Napa Cabs. These immigrants also brought with them a new spirit, tequila. Tequila was easy to get. Whiskeys need time to mature and whiskey was not readily available. Tequila was ideal. It soon became the drink of colleges and fraternities, and to this day everyone has a tequila story. The tequilas of this time were pretty awful. This is why people bit into a lime and licked salt to cover up the taste. Tequila has changed drastically, so please, do not ruin today’s tequilas with lime and salt. And the only reason you have a tequila story is because you shot it, so please take your time when drinking tequila and sip it. Although Vodka is really not directly related to Russian immigrants, it is today’s most ordered spirit. It came to fashion during the Cold War when Americans took an interest to the taboo. Wasn’t it strange that we were allies in the two World Wars, and immediately following them we became mortal enemies? Then there was all this anti-communism

banter, which only made us more inquisitive. Our best marketing firms knew how to sell vodka. They sold it as the “breathless” spirit, meaning that you can go on your lunch break, shoot back a few martinis, and return to work without anyone noticing it on your breath. Okay, it might not be related to immigration, but it does make me think that whenever America has an enemy in the world, it might be good to see what they drink. So far, all our enemies and unwanted immigrants have given us something to drink, which I would never want to return. Today we are back where we started, political leaders preaching antiMuslim rhetoric. Let me remind you that if it was not for these non-drinking people, we would not have liquor today. This brief look at the history of alcohol brings to light the importance of immigration. Immigrants are looking to better themselves. When a person’s frame of mind is one of improvement and forward thinking, only good things can come. It is rather those that feel that they are entitled to something without working for it that affect us in a negative way. Be aware of anti-immigration rhetoric and look back through history and see what immigrants have accomplished. America is not a melting pot where we melt into one sticky, gooey, homogenized fondue. America is but a punch bowl. Some of us are limes, some of us sugar, others water, and the rest of us are different fruits; each ingredient makes the drink more complex and delicious. EM

Summer 2017 | 15


EDUC ATION

Overcoming Obstacles

Escondido High School Students Are Preparing for the Future BY ANNA CHANTHAPHAVONG ESCONDIDO HIGHT SCHOOL STUDENT

careers students might be interestAT ESCONDIDO HIGH SCHOOL, ed in based on an individualized students experience classes and profile. opportunities to help them plan Students study skills, In a different College and Career their futures, and become college budgeting, and current section, taught by John Williamson, and career ready. “We help them events and research students study skills, budgeting, find the motivation that will ascolleges and careers. and current events and research sist them in overcoming obstacles colleges and careers. For their fiin the future,” said Michael Jacknal, students make a résumé and son, one of the College and Career get three letters of recommendation to help them prepare teachers. In his class, Jackson’s students research college requirefor the future. “I wish I had this class in high school,” said ments so they can set and achieve their goals. They also Williamson. “I’m teaching my students everything I didn’t research different careers to learn about options, salaries know when I was in high school.” and skills needed before pursuing a specific job or addiAnother tool that helps students prepare for their future tional education. In addition, the students read articles, is the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVpractice their writing and do PowerPoint presentations in AB), which is sponsored by the military. Available on each front of the class. “It [the presentation] helps them with high school campus in the Escondido Union High School their speaking and listening skills,” said Jackson. District, this test helps students determine careers they’d All students take the College and Career class during be interested in. According to junior Armando Saldana, the their freshman year. Here, they learn to also use the Career ASVAB has different sections based on academic subjects Cruising program, an online tool designed to identify what and work sections. “They give you a limited amount of time

16 | Escondido Magazine


ED UC AT I O N

for the test. The results come in numbers, the highest being 99. Students then visit a website that gives them suggestions on what they are good at,” said Saldana. The College and Career Center at Escondido High School, run by Bonnie DeThomas, also provides students the opportunity to hear a variety of guest speakers, providing information on colleges and careers. For instance, in April, “STEP OUT” was held on the campus. This event offered young women a chance to meet and to hear presentations from 30 women in various careers, including TIG Welder, Traffic Engineer, Police & Fire Dispatcher, Computer Engineer, Body Shop Manager, Smog Technician, Mechanic, HR Specialist, Cardiac Sonographer, Forensic Technician, and Veterinary Specialist.   Students can also attend Job Shadow Day, which is open to all students in the Escondido Union High School District, hosted by Escondido Education COMPACT. On this day, participating students go to different local businesses and explore careers they are interested in learning more about. Often, this can lead students to gain additional work experience or an internship. Choosing a career is a difficult decision. The more students can explore, try-out, and learn about options available, the better prepared they will be for a satisfying and rewarding future. EM

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EDUC ATION

Saving the Earth The Annual Earth Day Poster Contest

THE CITY OF ESCONDIDO RECYCLING DIVISION hosts an annual Earth Day Poster Contest that encourages young artists to create posters made from recycled materials, such as discarded bottle caps and old cassette tape. The top 30 contest finalists were celebrated at a recent city council meeting where the winners were announced. Hundreds of K-8 students participated in the 25th annual contest. They envisioned the theme, “Choose to Reuse,” in an astonishing array of ways: a purse made from a cereal box decorated with plastic water bottle flowers, the surface of the moon molded from an egg carton, a CD case transformed into a birthday cake, Van Gogh’s classic “Starry Night” recreated using broken crayons and chunks of Styrofoam, and a turtle with a see-through plastic plate belly. The top two entries were selected from each class, collected by the Recycling staff, and then submitted for review by a panel of city employees. Mayor Sam Abed placed the top three in each category. Once the entries were whittled down to 30, the students were notified and invited to the city council ceremony. Afterward, the contestants, their families and teachers enjoyed a reception under the city hall dome. Jersey Mike’s

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brought 200 delicious sandwiches, Cute Cakes provided beautiful blue and green “Earth” cookies, Rita’s brought passion fruit-flavored frozen custard, il Forno baked four huge pizzas, and Major Market supplied the iced tea, water and lemonade. Grand Dentistry gave complete electric toothbrush kits to the Earth Day Contest winners. They also received gift cards, movie tickets, and sponsor freebies. Glennie’s donated a box of school supplies to the top nine winners. All of the finalists had their artwork immortalized in a snow globe and on a personalized notebook. Other sponsors included the San Diego Children’s Discovery Museum, Esco Gelato, Escondido Federal Credit Union, Pieology, Sky Zone Trampoline Park, Tavern Bowl, Ice-Plex and the Roynon Museum. The winners of the poster contest in the kindergarten to second-grade category were: Grace Cruz, first place; Allyson Ruscitti, second place; and Paige Torok, third. Abigayle White was the big winner in the third through fifthgrade section, followed by Karly Sommers in second and Julia Lazareno in third. Dhalia Balderas won first place in the sixth to eighth-grade group, while James Eric Smith took second and Madison Little placed third. EM


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Buster Biofuels Displacing Petroleum a Little at a Time BY HEATHER PETREK

YOUR STOMACH IS GROWLING, so you decide to visit an Escondido eating establishment. Perhaps you enjoyed fried chicken, calamari, or onion rings. Satisfied, you pay your bill and leave the restaurant. But you’ve left something valuable behind – the cooking oil the chefs used when they prepared your meal. What will become of the vat of oil that gave your food that tasty, deep-fried deliciousness? Can it be used for something just as good as cooking your lunch, or better? The answer is a resounding yes, and there is a company nearby that will transport that used cooking oil to a plant where it will be transformed to biodiesel fuel to power diesel engines. Buster Halterman, CEO of Buster Biofuels, and his team run the Buster Biofuels plant at 1170 Industrial Avenue in Escondido. The building was secured and permitted in 2009, the beginning of their fuel production process began in September of 2016, and the company finally produced fuel in

November that met all the government quality standards. “Thankfully, the California Energy Commission gave us a grant of $2.6 million. That money helped build our infrastructure,” says Halterman. “The federal tax credit expired at the end of last year, which caused the economics of the business to be challenged, so we are not fully staffed and able to reach our full capacity. We aim to hire up to 15 more people over the next year and hopefully we can ramp the plant up to full capacity, depending on government policy. We really need the biodiesel credit to be reinstated. For a small plant like ours it’s hard to compete with the current cost of goods sold.” Biodiesel causes less emissions than petroleum diesel. Because the fuel is made in our country, using biodiesel decreases United States’ dependence on imported foreign fuel. Another benefit, other than it being beneficial for our [ continued on page 20 ]

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environment, is that the jobs created from manufacturing biodiesel here in America support our economy. Most states now have plants that produce biodiesel; locally there are two companies in San Diego county. Buster Biofuels is located right here in Escondido. The plant houses office space, labs, pumper trucks that carry the oil, and all the infrastructure necessary to carry out the process that makes French fry grease into a fuel that runs a diesel engine. What begins the organized and very technical process at Buster Biofuels is the collection of used cooking oil, primarily from restaurants. On one of the walls inside the biofuel plant, a large board full of schedules helps the company’s drivers keep track of their assigned routes. “Each of our five drivers does 20 to 25 stops per day,” Halterman explains. “We have 4 trucks, and we do 3 to 5 routes per day, morning and night. We travel from the Mexican border to Oxnard.” When oil first comes into the facility, a sample is analyzed to make sure the quality is good, and is eligible to be converted into a biofuel. “We do that on a small scale in this lab before we do it on the big reactor,” says Halterman. “We use enzymes to convert the oil into methyl esters. We also use methanol. We are the first enzymatic biodiesel plant on the west coast, and I believe the third commercial plant in the country to use enzymes instead of harsh and dangerous chemicals like sulfuric acid. Enzymes are better for the environment and workplace safety.” 20 | Escondido Magazine

From his office, chemical engineer Matthew Zuber, the production manager, uses a computer spreadsheet to track the process. Every hour there is a test that tells how to adjust the recipe, so that the conversion can be completed. “With enzymatic reactions compared to traditional biodiesel reactions, we do get a more specified reaction, producing more biodiesel and less unwanted by-products. It’s more efficient for the environment and also the materials,” says Zuber, aka “Big Red.” Anywhere from 500 to 1000 gallons of oil per day are collected by each of the company’s medium sized pumper trucks. The oil is sucked from the restaurant’s oil-holding container through the truck’s hose and pumped into the truck. As part of their service, Buster Biofuels offers containers that hold 40 gallons up to 300, depending on the needs of the restaurant or company where oil is held for pick up. There are various types of oil containment bins, but one important difference is between those located inside the kitchens, and those that are kept outside. Halterman says the more effective kind are the indoor ones. “These can go inside the restaurant. They are safer for the employees to pour the oil into because there is less carrying to an outside trash enclosure, and therefore reduces workers’ comp liability, as well as keeping the areas cleaner. If a spill occurs inside, it must be cleaned, whereas if a spill occurs outside, it usually gets left behind. Also, there is less chance of theft or vandalism, a real occurrence in the industry. Used cooking oil is a commodity. For all of these reasons the indoor used cooking oil bins are the best solution.”


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Once the driver arrives back at Buster Biofuels, the truck changes tasks – from a vacuum pump to a pressurized one, emptying the oil from the truck’s tank into a filter box that squeezes and eliminates any remnants of food particulates, like chicken bones and other debris from the oil. “Miramar Greenery picks up the dried food particulate and uses it for compost. We are able to eliminate a lot of particulate at the start of the process, also affording a good environmental use,” says Halterman. “Then the good oil gets pumped to our cleaning vessels.” The oil that is divested of water and remaining solids goes into the reactors. Two reactors, 12,000 gallons in size, alternate reactions. “We have one reaction going on while the other one is finishing up,” Halterman explains. “It takes a minimum of 24 hours to do a reaction, depending on enzyme dosing mainly. Every 15 minutes or so, operators check on the instruments to monitor temperatures and pressures, and make sure there are no leaks or other mechanical problems.” After the reaction is done, the use of various equipment separates the glycerin from the biodiesel with a 2-stage separation. Centrifuges separate the heavier glycerin from the biodiesel, and also any remaining water. “At this point the biodiesel is close to passing the ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) quality standard. From here it goes into a methanol recovery unit where we pull the rest of the methanol out. From that unit, it goes into a filtration bed of resin beads that completes the final cleanup. That’s called pol-

ishing. Then we do the final test to see the results. Good fuel goes to the final storage tank, where we load the tanker trucks for distribution,” Halterman says. “Our model is focused mainly on commercial scale distribution during our startup phase, but we’ve done many pilot programs with Pacific Sweeping street sweepers, the San Dieguito Union High School district, LEGOLAND®, and the San Diego Padres over the years.” Collecting cooking oil is not a new concept. “The difference with us compared to a lot of people who are out there collecting oil is that we have a plant right here where we can recycle the oil ourselves. Our mission statement is ‘reclaim, recycle, refuel.’ We take the oil from restaurants, clean it up right here, and convert it into renewable fuel called biodiesel, which ultimately gets used locally and throughout California to reduce emissions. It’s something that not many companies can speak to,” says Halterman. “We’re proud to be in Escondido. Geographically it puts us in a strategic place to reach Riverside, Palm Springs, Los Angeles, and San Diego.” Biodiesel is a supplement and can be mixed with petroleum diesel fuel. One of the main goals held by the CEO of Buster Biofuels is to push the mixture of biodiesel as far as possible. “Right now, due to regulations, 20 percent is the most we can do in the California road fuel market,” says Halterman. “We aim in the long term to do more localized fueling to fleets and companies seeking to reduce their carbon footprint. Currently, we distribute to wholesalers who take it to a terminal where they typically blend the fuel 2 to 5 percent with petro[ continued on page 22 ]

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leum diesel, and then they go out to the retailers. A significant amount of the diesel at the California pumps has a few percent biodiesel blended in to the fuel already. We want to help with

that supply, and through California legislation push for high-

er and higher blends. Hopefully in the next few years we can regularly see a mandate of 5 to 10 percent blends in all the

fuel at the pumps. The whole goal is to reduce emissions. So,

increasing the volume through higher blends surely helps with this and makes it better for the environment.”

Educating restaurant suppliers is an important aspect of

the industry. “We typically provide a free oil pick up service

to the restaurant, and we provide the containers for free as well,” says Halterman. “There is not enough used cooking oil

in the world to replace petroleum, so the idea is petroleum displacement, reducing our dependence on foreign oil, and reducing our emissions. Every little bit counts.”

See busterbiofuels.com for more information.

EM


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The X, Y, and Z’s of Conservation ECOLIFE Brings Next-Gen Thinking to San Diego Classrooms BY WHITNEY BUTLER

IT’S BEEN SAID THAT MILLENNIALS are unique because they’re the first generation to come of age surrounded by technologies like the Internet and smartphones. As a millennial myself, I’m also aware that my generation fights descriptions of self-entitlement and over-confidence—isn’t this article great? Generation labels can be used to criticize, or they can be used to identify strength. For example, according to a 2015 Pew Research study, boomers are most likely to describe themselves as hard working (77%), responsible (66%), and patriotic (52%). In 2016, millennials surpassed baby boomers and became the country’s largest living generation; we now make up the largest share of the US workforce; and our political power is significant—you can thank us (in part) for marijuana legalization and same sex marriage. Generation Z, however, is more of a mystery. Generation Z, also called the iGeneration, includes people born after 1996;

the oldest among this group are just now college age. More importantly, the iGen is planting its generational flag, waving proud colors that intend to make a difference. One of the ways the Z generation will distinguish itself in the workforce is by seeking careers with progressive attitudes about the environment, work-life balance, and social justice. In addition to good paying jobs, the Z generation will expect their work to have a positive impact on the world. Businesses that successfully utilize technology, natural resources, and progressive viewpoints are likely to win the hearts and minds of a generation hell bent on making a difference. So, what does making a difference look like to the next generation? Paperless billing, corporate recycling, LED lighting: these things are great, but they fall short of solving root issues; issues that tangle at every intersection of the human experience, from school playgrounds to global climate change. [ continued on page 24 ]

The Z generation will expect their work to have a positive impact on the world.

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Bill Toone established ECOLIFE Conservation in 2003 following a successful career with the San Diego Zoological Society. In 2008, Toone left the zoo to devote his time fully to ECOLIFE programs, which today span the globe. Unlike other conservation efforts, there’s a practicality to what Toone and his team are doing: instead of focusing exclusively on the environment, an animal species, or a group of indigenous people, they’re taking a holistic approach to conservation. Every winter, in the wooded mountains east of Mexico City, hundreds of millions of migrating monarch butterflies seek refuge in the trees. Unfortunately, this habitat is slowly being deforested as a result of local populations who rely on wood burning stoves to cook their meals and heat their houses. These wood burning stoves ventilate into people’s homes, cause a myriad of diseases, and often ignite wildfires in the region. Globally, every year, 4 million people die due to these types of conditions. ECOLIFE is tackling this problem from inside the kitchen; they’re building locally designed cook stoves that reduce smoke emissions by 80% and use 50% less wood. ECOLIFE is helping both the indigenous people and the monarch population while aiding this sensitive habitat. Here’s another example of ECOLIFE’s holistic approach to conservation: aquaponics. Aquaponics is a closed

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environmental system; the waste produced by farmed fish (or other aquatic life) supply nutrients to growing plants (grown hydroponically, or in water), which then purifies the water for the marine life. The concept may seem overly simple, but it’s cutting-edge stuff in terms of sustainability practices and global food systems. ECOLIFE extends its educational arm into schools throughout San Diego to showcase aquaculture, and the students (our Z generation) are enthusiastic to get involved. “Our programming is in 500 classrooms throughout San Diego County,” said Toone, “including 8 or 10 complete aquaponic facilities.” Aquaponic programming is an educational tool that delivers valuable STEM concepts. In addition to observing biology and chemistry practices in action, students learn how to solve real life problems creatively. For example, about a year ago, more than 90% of California was suffering a drought. At Patrick Henry High School, the students organized, budgeted, and designed an aquaponic facility to replace a community garden that was shut down due to water shortages. Aquaponic farming methods use 90% less water and land compared to traditional agriculture. “It’s been hard for established farmers to embrace aquaponics,” said Toone. “We decided it would be easier to


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Market researchers are scrambling to understand the iGeneration, which is projected to be the hardest, most discerning consumer base the free market has ever known.

influence future farmers [the students] and that’s how we got motivated to get in San Diego’s schools.” Programs range from desktop aquariums and sustainability education, to large builds that are typically funded by thirdparty groups and organizations. “What we’re doing is creating competition,” said Toone. “Now, a farmer with 1-acre of land can compete with a farmer that has 10 acres. It’s great business competition.” Kait Cole is the Aquaponics Educational Manager at ECOLIFE. She leads the educational programming and works directly with students in classrooms across San Diego. Cole is a millennial, and has made keen observations about her next-gen students. “When I was in high school, I didn’t care about any of this stuff,” she said. “I was just going through the motions. We’re not asking these students to care; they do it all on their own.” Cole’s approach to conservation education in the classroom is all about choices. By giving students more agency in the projects they work on, Cole believes a stronger connection can be forged. “Some of our kids have never even had a pet or an animal in their life—there’s no connection to anything alive,” Cole explains. “With aquaponics, they get to see the whole life cycle, including death.”

ECOLIFE is headquartered in Escondido (where Toone lives), but it’s making an impact around the world. “We love being in Escondido,” Toone laughs. “As a conservation biologist, I didn’t want to drive far to work!” ECOLIFE offers year-round volunteering opportunities that involve every aspect of the organization’s mission: farming, financing, engineering, web design, writing, filmmaking, you name it. “Our kids want to get their hands dirty,” said Cole. “They’re ready to step up as leaders so they can change their communities.” The significance of generational ideologies is a fascinating study, one often made clear only in hindsight. Market researchers are scrambling to understand the iGeneration, which is projected to be the hardest, most discerning consumer base the free market has ever known. “The news, whether it’s political or environmental can be very discouraging,” said Toone, “but often the changes we need to make are simple and impactful. There are a lot of win-win opportunities for climate change and humanitarian issues…don’t give up.” What the next generation does with its professional ambition will ultimately help shape that future for everyone, no matter what letter the generation is ascribed. See ecolifeconservation.org for more information. EM

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Volunteering

An Integral Part of the High School Experience BY TREVOR OWENS ORANGE GLEN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT

ORANGE GLEN HIGH SCHOOL out on Earth Day to clean up around OFFERS students the option the community. This taught the This is a major advantage to volunteer through different students to love and appreciate our in that it prepares students approaches. School officials surroundings. prior to acquiring a job. partner with companies to give One of the most popular students an opportunity to gain experiences students can undergo real life work experience. This is called the Model UN, a two-day is a major advantage in that it prepares students prior to conference held at the University of San Diego. After selected acquiring a job. Volunteer options range from working at by administrators, Orange Glen students are given the option election polls to helping with plays or dances. of going to the conference. The conference hosts schools from “I worked backstage for New West Ballet and it taught me California where the students simulate real world problems how a real theatre works and the types of responsibilities as if they were the United Nations. All expenses are paid that are done backstage. I’ve also worked as a student athletic [hotel, dinner and lunch] and Orange Glen is lucky enough to trainer for four years, which taught me responsibility and be the only school in Escondido’s district to attend. things in the medical field if I was to ever go that route,” “The Model UN was a great experience. It helped me senior Amanda Savarese said. Amanda is one of many with my people skills and learning to work with others. It students who are lined up with volunteer experiences that also really helped me with my debate skills and gave me a put them in state-of-the-art facilities where they have handspreview of what politics would be like if I was to ever enter on experience working. that area of work,” Model UN participant Vanessa Valle said. Staff members on campus do a great job publicizing Orange Glen has a wide variety of volunteer work for the importance of volunteering and educating students students to choose from. It’s great to have all these beneficial on the positive outcomes helping the community. Just things right here on campus, as it further prepares the recently, economics teacher William Turek took a group students to have success after graduating. EM

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Tis the Season to Prep Keeping Your Home and Business Safe from Fire BY RICK VOGT ESCONDIDO FIRE CHIEF

AS THE ESCONDIDO FIRE CHIEF, your safety is my highest priority! The Escondido Fire Department has 36 highly trained personnel on duty 24 hours per day, staffing 7 fire engines, 1 truck company, and 5 paramedic ambulances, ready to respond to your emergency. However, the best emergency response is the one that never happened because it was prevented! I would like to share with you some information that can help to prevent fires or mitigate the damage, injuries and even fatalities from fire if it does occur.

Candles look and smell great, but they are the cause of many home fires. • Blow out all candles when you leave the room or go to bed. Avoid the use of candles in the bedroom and other areas where people may fall asleep and forget to blow them out. • Keep candles at least 12 inches away from anything that can burn.

• Use candleholders that are sturdy and will not tip over easily. • Never have lit candles where small children can pull them over. Hot wax can cause painful burns! • Set large based candles or candleholders on a sturdy, uncluttered surface. • Light candles carefully. Keep your hair and any loose clothing away from the flame. • Never use a candle if medical oxygen is used in the home.

Kitchen fires are one of the most common fire responses, and they are preventable! • Stay in the kitchen while you are frying, grilling, or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short period, turn off the stove. • If you are simmering, baking, roasting, or boiling food, check it regularly and remain in the home while food is cooking. [ continued on page 28 ]

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• Keep anything that can catch fire (oven mitts, wooden utensils, food packaging, towels or curtains) away from your stovetop. • If you have a small grease fire on the stove, do not pour water in the pan! Turn off the burner and smother the flames by sliding a lid over the pan. Leave the pan covered until it is completely cooled. • For an oven fire, turn off the heat and keep the door closed. • If you have a fire in the kitchen and have any doubt about fighting a small fire, just get everyone out and call 911. Close the door behind you to help contain the fire.

If a fire occurs in your home or business, plan your escape and account for everyone! • Develop an escape plan that includes a meeting point outside. For homes, review the plan and practice it, especially with children. In your business, make sure everyone knows what to do and where to go. • For two-story homes, having a window ladder provides a secondary escape route. • Make sure doors and windows are kept clear and can be easily opened from the inside. • Close the doors behind you as you leave. This helps to con-

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tain the fire until firefighters arrive. • Get low and stay low if you have to go through smoke to escape. • When you get out, stay out! Never go back in for people, pets or property. If you think someone is missing, be sure to let the firefighters know when they arrive. • Call 911 from outside.

Smoke alarms are inexpensive, reliable and absolutely save lives! • Make sure you have smoke alarms where they can help warn you of a fire. Install smoke alarms inside and outside each bedroom and sleeping area, in hallways, and on every level of the home (including basements). • It is best to use interconnected smoke alarms so that when one sounds, they all sound. However, even stand-alone smoke alarms are very effective. • Test all smoke alarms at least twice per year. When daylight savings changes, test your smoke alarms! Ideally, they should be tested each month. • People who are hard-of-hearing or deaf can use special alarms. These alarms have strobe lights and bed shakers. • Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10 years old.


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Electrical and appliance use are the cause of many fires that can be prevented. • Small gauge two-wire extension cords easily overheat when overloaded. They should not be used in homes or businesses. Always use appropriate sized three wire extension cords and make sure that multi-outlet power strips have a circuit breaker that works. • Major appliances such as refrigerators, dryers, washers, stoves and air conditioners should be plugged directly into a wall outlet because they draw a lot of power. • Use ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) to reduce the risk of shock. GFCIs shut off an electrical circuit when it becomes a shock hazard. They should be installed anywhere near water such as inside bathrooms, kitchens, garages and basements. All outdoor receptacles should be GFCI protected. EM

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Improving Infrastructure Better Roads for the Future BY KRISTIN GASPAR

LET’S FACE IT. IT’S BROKEN. The system San Diego County uses to maintain and repair our infrastructure is as outdated as the polyester suits Tony Manero wore in Saturday Night Fever. The county’s PCI score (the 0-100 index used to grade our roads) is in the 60s. That’s an embarrassment. But we earned that failing grade with decades of negligence. We’ve been doing the same thing over and over and getting the same mediocre results. It’s time for a reality check. Something needs to change.  I recently participated in a roundtable discussion about how to fix our crumbling infrastructure with stakeholders in the public and private sector. I was a bit surprised to learn that California, a state that is so progressive, is so reluctant to modify the ingredients and the formula it uses to make our roads. There are two reasons this is so important. The first being that several cities and counties defer to the state’s model when deciding what materials they will use. Currently, California only uses on average 16% of recycled material in its asphalt. So, San Diego County follows suit. Some private industry experts I spoke with said the county is unwilling to budge here and it’s the “standard” specifications that are strangling our ability to innovate, much less keep up with the routine maintenance. The second reason, according to a recent SANDAG study, is our local rock supply isn’t able to meet our long-term demands. That means we will have to import a significant amount of materials to keep up with our infrastructure needs. If the county doesn’t allow the use of new resources, the existing supply is expected to run out in 10 years! What happens then? Well, we’ll have to import our materials. And that will significantly increase our costs. You know that 12 cent gas tax increase Governor Jerry Brown just fought to pass? We may see that happen again.  During the roundtable session, I was also made aware that other counties are leaving San Diego in the dust with their creativity and use of new technologies. Los Angeles has been using 50% recycled material to make their roads for more than 10 years. This has saved them a significant amount of money and it has not compromised the integrity of their roads. With 30 | Escondido Magazine

proper design, supervision and coordination with industry there is no reason San Diego County could not do the same. In a few weeks, I will be visiting a pavement recycling facility near Riverside to get a better idea of how we can move toward a model that is environmentally friendly and cost effective. There is another standard way of doing business that I recently learned exponentially drives up the cost of fixing our roads; scheduling road construction based on public and/or political agendas. Instead of scheduling construction projects in scattered parts of a community, what about aggressively tackling a couple of districts every year, utilizing our tax dollars more efficiently? By centralizing the work zone, we can maximize the number of lanes that are replaced every year. Some areas may not have any work done on their roads for a while, but this could mean crews would hyper-focus on one community at a time, rather than the piecemeal approach used now. Nighttime construction is another means of saving money. Before being elected to the San Diego County Board of Supervisors, I was on the Encinitas City Council and eventually became Mayor. We saw the writing on the wall and shifted the way we funded our roads, supplementing it with money from our general fund. It wasn’t long before our PCI score hit the high 70s.  It’s time to refocus our attention on one of our most basic necessities, our roads. When the state gas tax hike takes effect in November it’s expected to raise $52 billion dollars to be invested in our roads. It will also put California on the map for having the nation’s second highest gas tax. That gas tax crutch won’t last forever. By the year 2040, 35% of vehicle sales will be electric vehicles. We desperately need creative new ideas on how to move forward. We live in a gorgeous region that people come from all around the world to visit. We have wonderful people that make our communities thrive. We deserve better roads. It is imperative that we start thinking about new ways to pay for the streets that connect us to our jobs, our friends, our homes, our loved ones. EM


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Expanding Horizons

Sophomore Scholars Interact at the San Diego Children’s Discovery Museum BY BRIONNE MOORE DEL LAGO ACADEMY – CAMPUS OF APPLIED SCIENCE STUDENT

DEL LAGO ACADEMY IS FOCUSED on creating future world citizens and innovators, challenging them to “explore realworld problems that extend beyond the classroom.” During the sophomore interdisciplinary project, a group of scholars collaborate in order to create an innovation that will solve the following “real-world problem”: how can we ignite young children’s curiosity about the world around them? All sophomores have worked their hardest to construct fascinating activities to help third grade students learn about various scientific miracles, from the Coriolis effect, to color changing adaptation, to how a cricket produces different sounds. Del Lago Academy worked in collaboration with the San Diego Children’s Discovery Museum and a handful of these projects were presented in an exhibit this past March at the museum. There were a variety of exhibits from different groups. One of the exhibits was titled “Finding Fossils.” The group that constructed this project includes the following scholars:

Dominique Driggs, Skylar Heyveld, and Riley Stephan. According to Dominique, the initial goal of this project was “… to have children mimic the actions of a paleontologist and to also work together with other children as a team to put these ‘fossils’ together.” Therefore, children would “...dig up manmade fossils/bones from the sand and put together a puzzle to build a skeleton of an animal that lived in the past,” which would “…give children an idea of how professionals in that specific career work, collect information, and draw conclusions” (Skylar Heyveld). Robbie Herrera’s group created an exhibit called “A Fan of Clouds,” which was designed to explain why clouds look like cotton. In addition to these exhibits, a few others included the following: Angela Marie’s group exhibit “Lighterific,” which informs children about how light bulbs work, and Hailey Stapleton’s group exhibit “Rain Maker,” which explains condensation. [ continued on page 32 ]

How can we ignite young children’s curiosity about the world around them?

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This interdisciplinary project was an enjoyable experience for more than one reason. Most enjoyed how this project was more hands-on while others enjoyed “watching the children smile and laugh and talk to each other about my exhibit” (Robbie Herrera), and others simply enjoyed the creation process and being creative. Overall, the sophomores truly enjoyed this project and hope that others will be able to enjoy the exhibits as much as the children who viewed all of the projects. Del Lago Academy is highly grateful to be able to have this collaboration with the Children’s Museum, and all of the sophomores who were able to have their projects displayed at the museum were “definitely grateful for the experience,” feeling it was “an excellent opportunity to share knowledge with kids and our community.” They also felt that their “hard work really paid off.” These projects were truly enjoyed by many in the community. EM


HISTOR Y

The diversity of industry is evident from the signage on businesses along Grand Avenue in Escondido, 1915. Photo courtesy of the Escondido History Center.

The Whiting Historical Society located on 119th Street in Indiana, 2017. The town’s main street bears a striking resemblance to Escondido’s Grand Avenue. Photo courtesy of Stacey Ellison

Back to the Future Linking Escondido’s Rich History to its Future BY STACEY ELLISON

family-owned restaurants. While Whiting’s population of RECENTLY, I SPENT FOUR DAYS in a small pocket of mid-west roughly 5,000 is dwarfed by Escondido’s 145,000, the flavor of America called Whiting, Indiana. This tiny industrial town sits a town represented by immigrants from over 70 countries and on the edge of Lake Michigan, surrounded by BP Oil, factories, an undeniable work ethic creates a clear sense of community. and ringed by train tracks. Barges hauling chemicals, oil, and When California was admitted on September 9, 1850, steel fill tiny inlets. Brick shop fronts erected in the 1920s Spanish rancheros and pockets of look as if they haven’t been touched displaced Native American tribes since the wooden signs were first occupied the Escondido area. In hung. The announcer at the Oil City The town itself was 1883, the Stockton Company bought Baseball Stadium is often drowned achingly familiar. up large portions of the Rincon out by the horn of the freight train del Diablo Ranchero and planted as it lumbers through town, an event Muscat grapes. Muscat grapes, they that can take upwards of 30 minutes knew, needed little in the way of water, making them the to complete. Flames from the smoke stack frame the American perfect crop for the arid inland valley. Several years later, the flag that occupies centerfield. Escondido Land & Town Company arrived on the scene and The town itself was achingly familiar. I recognized the hardcontinued to plant vineyards and citrus groves. They also built working people trucking into the factories, filling the bars and a hotel and etched wide roads into the dry earth. They knew restaurants at night. You might think that I couldn’t be further precisely what they were doing when they invested in the away from the southern California lifestyle if I’d tried, but you railroad. Industry, they understood, created jobs, which would would be wrong. The similarities are striking. For instance, bring people, but people need homes, schools, churches, and Whiting was incorporated in 1895, Escondido in 1888. The other resources, and the Escondido Land & Town Company railroad was the foundation for both Escondido and Whiting. was prepared to supply them. Transporting goods to, from, and through the area put both Industry in Escondido grew exponentially with the cities on the map. They have a version of Grand Avenue called channeling of water from the San Luis Rey River into a 119th Street. It is lined with quaint buildings from the 1890s reservoir, but that had unintended consequences for the through the 1920s and is peppered with boutiques and small, [ continued on page 32 ]

Summer 2017 | 33


HISTOR Y

[ continued from page 33 ]

tribes whose reservations dotted the river valley. Agriculture exploded in Escondido, a fact highlighted by the creation of the Grape Day Festival in 1908. The festival marketed Escondido’s agricultural achievements to the entire state of California and was hugely successful, bringing more and more people to the area. The successes of agriculture, the housing industry, as well as other supporting industries increased the need for labor. Inexpensive labor has always been readily available. Initially, Chinese immigrants who had worked their way down to the area laboring on the railroad exercised their citrus growing skills on local ranches; they were also employed in the adobe brickyard, and worked as cooks for local families and businesses. Immigration laws forced a shortage in Chinese labor and was quickly replaced by Japanese immigrants, then Filipinos as new immigration laws were imposed. During World War II, the Bracero Program brought farm workers

from Mexico to fill labor shortages created by the draft. In the end, the Escondido area was as diverse as any large city and prospering. In the years following World War II, industry in Escondido continued to evolve, focusing less on agriculture and more on healthcare and manufacturing. The railroad that helped to boost Escondido’s standing in the southern California region continues to play a role. Nowadays, freight line runs outside of the hours when the Sprinter shuttles workers to and from other cities in the hopes of relieving congestion on our overworked roads. Today, we are a diverse, thriving city with a rich history. We can see the history in our streets if we know where to look. We can also learn to appreciate the hard work that went into creating our community, and invest in the future by caring for the city we live in. The more we learn about our history, the better we can appreciate its future. EM

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EDUC ATION

Next Generation Internships Preparing Students for the Real World BY MADDIE MORENO SAN PASQUAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT

ONE OF HIGH SCHOOL’S MAIN GOALS IS preparing students for the real world. To introduce students to different work fields and career options, some high schools create opportunities for internships. San Pasqual High School students are fortunate to have available an abundance of internships in a variety of professions to help prepare students for the next stage of their lives. “Many local organizations offer scholarships and internships to our students and have guaranteed their continued support for future years,” Karen Villavicencio, San Pasqual’s College and Career Technician said. “Different institutions will contact the career center or the school counselors directly. This information is then posted on the bulletin boards and placed on the school website.” Along with different organizations, San Pasqual also provides an opportunity to integrate students to work in specific fields. Programs like San Pasqual’s award-winning robotics team, SuperNURDs, and the J. Craig Venter Institute have provided valuable educational lessons to students. “The agriculture department isn’t like a regular science class,” Tony Farrell, member of Future Farmers of America (FFA) and San Pasqual sophomore said. “It prepares you for the real world with internships at the water treatment center and it exposes you to the agricultural enterprise with animals that you raise and then sell.” The water treatment center, built by J. Craig Venter to study and promote clean water options throughout the world, is located on the campus.

Currently, two internships for agricultural-interested students are available. An opportunity is also offered to further their knowledge and help the J. Craig Venter Institute come closer to sanitizing filthy water into drinkable water. “The internships give students hands-on opportunities to learn and practice skills we’ve been learning in class,” Arlene Peck, agriculture teacher said. Another example of valuable internships is for students who participate in the robotics team at San Pasqual. The team’s mentors are largely involved with corporate engineering firms. Students are placed with these companies and are also given an opportunity to realize the importance of networking. “You get to know a mentor and tell them you are interested in an internship,” Grace LeVier, president of SuperNURDs said. “Internships are great before college because they offer hands-on experience.”

Clubs like the robotics team also prepare students by having hands-on activities that help students further their knowledge in robotics. “SuperNURDs helps prepare them not only for internships but the real world because it runs like a real business,” Yun Lutgen, advisor of SuperNURDs said.

As students prepare for an increasingly competitive work force, high school students can benefit from starting early to explore and build their careers. Internships are very valuable, interesting and often fun. EM

Summer 2017 | 35


C OM M UN ITY

Trial by Fire

Three Escondido Businesses Affected by Flames—But Not Lost BY WHITNEY BUTLER

“NO MATTER WHAT YOU DID BEFORE, you have a new job after a fire: crisis management,” explains James Stone, artist and owner of Stone & Glass in Escondido. On April 1 this year, Stone’s art studio and teaching facility suffered severe damage following a fire that overtook the building’s roof. According to Stone, raw art materials inside the studio, like copper, brass, and steel corroded due to toxic soot that had become pressurized inside the burning building. “I deal with fire every single day,” said Stone, “I know a lot about combustion.” Stone’s mixed media artwork involves forging metals and hot glassblowing; he’s been doing this for more than 30 years. Now, Stone faces a challenge most business owners prepare for, but few ever deal with: rebuilding a business after a fire. “Every moment of every day, you will deal with the disaster,” said Stone. It’s been nearly a month since the fire, and I can hear stress in Stone’s voice. Despite the circumstances, Stone is articulate and sincerely touched by the outreach he’s received from the community: Mayor Sam Abed called him recently; Charlie’s Family Restaurant keeps hot meals on the table, and good friends are essential. “The day of the fire, my friend Dave came over with his wife, and they brought over some good bourbon,” Stone said. “We drank the whole thing that night.” A few months before the fire at Stone’s studio, on the other side of the I-15 freeway, a fire overtook the Moto Forza building, which damaged more than $1 million of luxury motorcycles and inventory. “We lost everything in the fire,” said Kris Cortado, General Manager of Moto Forza. Cortado says the company’s owner

36 | Escondido Magazine

is funneling business to other facilities throughout San Diego, which helps, since the doors have been closed in Escondido since mid-February. “I was headed down the freeway after I got the call,” said Cortado, “and I could see the flames from the freeway. There were four fire trucks already there when I arrived.” For Cortado, the struggle to find his footing after the disaster has been a reflective experience. “It’s weird not working now,” he said. “Insurance covers business losses and payroll, but there are little things that you don’t necessarily think about.” He tells me about family photos that once decorated his computer, one-of-a-kind hand tools, used bike parts, and a password he kept on a sticky note. “It sounds so cliché, but all these little things are gone now,” he said. The devastation of a fire extends well beyond the reach of the flames. Cortado is fortunate to remain on payroll while the business looks for a new location, but that’s not always the case. In 2012, Spires restaurant on East Valley Parkway caught fire; owner Joe Goncalves stood by as fire fighters rained water over the flames. It took 14 months for the restaurant to reopen. “I was able to keep six people on payroll while we rebuilt the restaurant,” said Goncalves. “All but one employee returned to work for me when we reopened.” Goncalves makes it plain that the road to recovery was not easy, but he is a testament to perseverance in the face of adversity. It’s difficult to conceive of the hardship faced by people and


C OM M UN ITY

“Sit down with your attorney and insurance company; go through everything with a fine- tooth comb,” said Cortado. “A $10 million policy might seem like a lot, but it’s all the little things that add up.” If we can learn anything from these three stories, it’s that trial by fire doesn’t necessarily mean defeat. Stone and Cortado are hopeful for the future, and determined to make it work. “It’s like a phoenix,” explains Stone. From the ashes there is rebirth. EM

businesses that suffer such a major disaster, but perhaps it’s something more businesses owners should consider, especially as we turn a corner to warmer weather throughout San Diego. “The single biggest issue is not knowing anything,” said Stone, “you can’t make plans because there are so many people involved…document everything.” Despite any confusion, Stone is optimistic that from the ashes of his tragedy, a new story will emerge.

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EDUC ATION

Microcosm of the Global Marketplace

A Look at the Diversity of Orange Glen High School BY JAMIE LEE ASSISTANT PRINCIPAL ORANGE GLEN HIGH SCHOOL

THERE IS INCREASING RECOGNITION and credence to the notion that global awareness and global competence is fundamental to citizenry today no matter where you find yourself living. The sharing of knowledge and ideas, the developing of positive relations cross culturally, and the demonstrating of linguistic variation (i.e. speaking other languages) is essential in the 21st century (Erez & Gati, 2004). At Orange Glen High School, we believe that we have a wonderful opportunity to be a foundation for these qualities because we have a microcosm of the world come through our gates each morning. Culture and Language at Orange Glen Orange Glen High School boasts a student body that speaks 20 languages; some are mainstream and widespread, such as Spanish, Arabic, and Russian, while some are relatively unknown to most Americans, such as Mám (Mayan), Ilocano (Guatemala), Burmese (Burma), and Khmer (Cambodian). Regardless where

38 | Escondido Magazine

they come from, we are committed to educating our global students; however, they are the ones who work so diligently. Eunice Navarette Garcia, a junior at Orange Glen said, “Sometimes I spend time with people that speak different languages. I think it is great because it is the opportunity to learn other languages and that is exciting for me because there are opportunities for all of us to learn more than one.” Adrian Venegaz Jarquin, a senior at Orange Glen said, “[I] like that I learn many things, for example, ‘Tôi yêu bạn’ in Vietnamese is [translated] ‘I love you’ and, ‘Kumusta’ in Filipino is ‘Hello, how are you?’ I can say that my experience [at Orange Glen] is great because I could see how other people have different ways of acting depends on their culture.” There is evidence that students who participate in cultural exchange programs become more refined in their cross-cultural competence and often have a high propensity for pursuing STEM


EDUC ATION

We are also developing a wide range of relationships with sister secondary schools around the globe.

fields (Rundstrom-Williams, 2005). Both of those traits are highly desirable for any young person branching into the unknowns of post-secondary life. The beauty of Orange Glen is that you can have these experiences here, right in your own backyard. Not only do we have a diverse student body and STEM related clubs and course offerings, but we are also developing a wide range of relationships with sister secondary schools around the globe. We are piloting a virtual partnership with Xi’an Hi-Tech International High School in Xi’an, China and with the TESOL Project in Sao Paolo, Brazil. Both of these virtual exchanges are a gift to our students to be able to connect with our global emerging economy neighbors in ways the 21st century affords.

Escondido as the Global Marketplace The world faces many challenges, and it is essential that our young people grow up to be active, informed, and participating citizens to help alleviate the stresses and struggles of the world’s

most vulnerable, while becoming a beacon of innovation and ingenuity. Among many industrious businesses and industries in Escondido, we are home to the world-famous San Diego Zoo Safari Park and Beckman Center for Conservation Research, organizations that attract tourists and scientists from all stretches of the globe. Whether the citizens of the globe come to us or whether we send our graduates throughout the world, Orange Glen is a place that can construct within them a capacity to be prepared, informed, and compassionate global citizens who can love their global neighbors and change the world. Sources: Erez, M., & Gati, E. (2004). A dynamic, multi‐level model of culture: from the micro level of the individual to the macro level of a global culture. Applied Psychology, 53(4), 583-598. Williams, T. R. (2005). Exploring the impact of study abroad on students’ intercultural communication skills: Adaptability and sensitivity. Journal of EM studies in international education, 9(4), 356-371.

Summer 2017 | 39


BUSIN ESS

The Big Move

Why I located my business in Escondido BY GEORGE BROWN

The decision was before me. Where to locate a new, larger showroom. Not an easy decision. Where? Will it be convenient for customers? Where is the best location? In a growing community or one that is established? In a business park, downtown, strip mall, or main road? What are the city regulations? Is the business climate friendly to businesses? What can I do for signage? These are some of the questions that I pondered as I searched both online and in my car for business locations. I have worked as a remodeling designer and remodeler for years working with customers all around the San Diego area, so selecting a location to put down “roots” was a big decision. I’ve always been drawn to North County and had recently purchased a home here in Escondido, so that was a consideration. Although being close to home would be a nice benefit, the good of the business had to be my most important consideration. My thinking was that my business must be convenient for my customers to visit. I also wanted my building to have good visibility, so it was easy to find for my current customers and had exposure to new customers. It was important to have good resources for the actual business of home remodeling, but also for the administration of my business. A strong business environment was critical. Plus, I wanted to be in a place with a feeling of community because I knew I’d be involved with business groups and local organizations as I had done in the past. Since business trumps convenience, I looked in a variety of locations. The busy Miramar Road area was an option. I drove

40 | Escondido Magazine

around the established community of Poway and Rancho Bernardo considering a business park or strip mall location. San Marcos seems to get attention these days, so I checked out some space there. I really like the coastal area, who doesn’t; the communities of Encinitas and Carlsbad hold a certain attractiveness. Of course, I checked out the Escondido business parks and downtown. A lot of options, that’s for sure. I was having lunch one day with a business colleague and friend with whom I have worked for several years. His business is in Rancho Bernardo. We were discussing the challenges of making such an important decision, the various spaces available with their pros and cons, and how I thought my business would be successful in each community. Then out of the blue he asked – so why did you purchase a home in Escondido? It seemed like an odd question at the moment, but we digress sometimes in our conversations, so I went with the flow. After a couple of minutes, he sat back and smiled. “Sounds like you have already made your decision,” he said. What? Did I just miss something? Decision about what? But, he landed on it. I had just spent the last two minutes telling him why I thought it was a good idea for my wife and me to invest in Escondido personally, so why wouldn’t it be a good idea for my business? I had said that I like the small town feel for a large city. Not only did it have easy access off the freeway, but it was loaded with conveniences – restaurants, shopping, local stores, etc. It has a walkable downtown with a lot of events throughout the year. It is only a few minutes’ drive to the ocean and 30 min-


BUSIN ESS

utes to downtown San Diego or the Temecula area. Plus, I have spoken often about my monthly stop at the Escondido Animal Shelter/Humane Society to say hello to the new arrivals and drop off some goodies. As I thought a little more, I ran through the list of positives about Escondido. The business resources were close by including my plans printer, trim moulding supplier, custom glass company, flooring vendor, and some of the best trades. Ironically, I was already a member of the Escondido Chamber of Commerce and thought Rorie and Claudine do a great job for the business community. Adding to the “plus side” of my list was the fact that the City Services and Chamber of Commerce are top notch, the city departments have always been helpful with my current Escondido remodel projects, and I knew the sign ordinance was reasonable. The beautiful local parks and festivals throughout the year give this city a small town feel that I have already been sharing with my out-of-state family when they visit.

Hmmm. I guess he was right. I had already made my decision. So, after a short period of time and conversations with some very nice building owners and property managers, I decided to locate my Showroom and Design Center in a freestanding building only 3 blocks east of the downtown. Jump to today, my showroom is in a great building located on E. Valley Parkway and is up and running! I am so glad I made the decision to invest in Escondido both personally and professionally. I look forward to a long and successful career here. Stop by sometime, the coffee is always on! About the Author: George Brown has been in the remodeling and construction business for a good portion of his career, has owned several small businesses, and has assisted many small business owners in getting started on theirs. Throughout the years, he has had his writings published, including those on real estate, design, and remodeling. His blog, Style, Design & Remodeling Ideas for Today’s Lifestyle can be found at DesignIdeasByGHD. blogspot.com. He is passionate about dogs; his friends and customers will EM agree that he enjoys greeting and socializing with his canine friends.


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Alzheimer’s Association............................................06 American Furniture Design.....................................34 Best Western..................................................................09 Constance Larsen Attorney.....................................17 Escondido Chamber of Commerce.......................05 Estate and Trust Law –Jackie Skay.......................07 Gallery Home Design Inc..........................................22 Habitat for Humanity.................................................43 Milo Johnson Autobody.............................................42 Newland Sierra.............................................................03 North County Insurance............................................32 Pacific Standard Insurance......................................29 Printing Solutions........................................................37 San Diego Children’s Museum................................06 Southwest Boulder & Stone.....................................42 Escondido Union School District...........................02 Talk of the Town Car Wash......................................44 Vanderspek, Howerzyl...............................................17


Summer 2017 | 43


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Em summer 2017 (1)  

The Escondido Magazine, Summer edition, is here! Enjoy getting to know a few of our unique local businesses, Redback Boots, Buster Bio Fuel,...

Em summer 2017 (1)  

The Escondido Magazine, Summer edition, is here! Enjoy getting to know a few of our unique local businesses, Redback Boots, Buster Bio Fuel,...

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