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F iCfo mt hm u nW ard ity Plan


HOUSTON, TX

GREATER FIFTH WARD


Super Neighborhood 55 / Greater Fifth Ward Zip Codes: 77020, 77026

Texas Senate District 13: Senator Rodney Ellis 440 Louisiana St Houston, TX 77002

Texas House District 142: Representative Harold V. Dutton, Jr. 8799 N. Loop East, Suite 305

City Council District B: Jerry Davis 900 Bagby, First Floor

Houston HOPE neighborhood Revitalization Zone

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General

Rally in the Fifth

For much of its existence Fifth Ward grew alongside Houston, developing into the heart of the city’s Black community. During these years, the neighborhood was able to enjoy economic growth and prosperity. This began to change halfway through the 20th century. While the rest of Houston was developing and growing as the energy capital, Fifth Ward began its descent. With many moving further out from the city and the freeway isolating the neighborhood from its surrounding, growth was stunted and reversed.

Nodes

Fifth Ward is an historic neighborhood of Houston, Texas. Its current boundaries are defined by Lockwood Drive, Collingsworth Street and Jensen Drive, as well as Buffalo Bayou to the south. The name Fifth Ward comes from the political system of governance in use in Houston during the19th century. Although the system has long been abandoned, the neighborhood continues to use the name to identify itself.

Conclusion

A Brief History


Research used in this report corresponds to one of four zones:

GREATER FIFTH WARD

POLICE BEAT 7C10

CENSUS TRACT 2113

LYONS AVENUE FOCUS AREA


General Demographics + Services Rally in the Fifth Nodes

The freeways constructed in the 1960s contributed to the continuing decline of Fifth Ward by spliting the community into several pieces and creating physical barriers.

Conclusion

The 20th century brought about the disintegration of the ward system. Some of the original Fifth Ward neighborhoods broke off to become their own communities.

Goals

SWOT

The historic boundaries of Fifth Ward were defined while much of it was still undeveloped.


Newly freed slaves settled in the area that became the Fifth Ward

“Great Fifth Ward Fire�

Southern Pacific Rail Road line was built and led to a construction boom

1830

1860

1880

Civil War Ends

Louisiana victims of the Great Flood of 1927 find refuge in Houston and Fifth Ward

1900 1910

1920

Houston Ship Channel completed

The Emancipation Proclamation is issued by President Abraham Lincoln

Founding of Houston

Ward system abolished


General Menil staff joined Mickey Leland in converting abandoned De Luxe Theater into arts oasis

SWOT

Don Robey establishes Peacock Records on Lyons, becoming a force in the Fifth Ward music scene

Demographics + Services

After desegratation middle class left Fifth Ward and moved to the suburbs

Goals

Construction of I-10 split the community

NASA creates “Mannned Spacecraft Center” in Houston

2000

Houston is hit by Hurricane Ike Tropical Storm Alisson devastates Houston

Houston’s Population reaches 1 Million

Rally in the Fifth

M.D. Anderson Foundation forms the Texas Medical Center

1970

Nodes

1960

Conclusion

1940


Music in Fifth Ward “‘If it ain’t a hit, I’ll eat my hat.’” - Don Robey, as told by Billy Gibbons of ZZ Top From 1949 until 1973, Fifth Ward was the center of the blues in Houston. In 1945 Don Robey opened the Bronze Peacock Dinner Club at 2809 Erastus. The club played host to a varied roster of musicians including T Bone Walker and Lionel Hampton. Four years later Robey founded Peacock Records and began producing gospel music. In 1952 Peacock merged with Nashville’s Duke Records and consolidated to Houston. The label’s expanded lineup included artists such as Junior Parker, Bobby Blue Bland, Big Mama Thornton and Johnny Ace. Duke-Peacock Records became one of the country’s first nationally successful blackowned record labels and produced music that shaped the development of music worldwide. Artists such as Elvis and Eric Clapton turned songs originally recorded for Duke-Peacock into timeless international hits. In 1973, Duke-Peacock was sold to ABC-Dunhill. Today the record label’s catalog is owned by Universal Music Group.

http://artandseek.net/2012/05/25/this-week-in-texas-music-history-peacock-records/ http://www.29-95.com/music/story/30-years-after-his-death-don-robey-still-vaporous-figure


Demographics + Services

General THE GOSPELAIRES

DON ROBEY

FORMER PEACOCK RECORDS

Conclusion

Nodes

FORMER BRONZE PEACOCK

Rally in the Fifth

CLARENCE “GATEMOUTH” BROWN

Goals

SWOT

HISTORIC MARKER


Lyons Avenue As Fifth Ward’s historic main commercial corridor, Lyons Avenue has undergone extensive changes during its history. Many of its historic storefronts have been torn down or sit vacant, but there are signs of activity as well. The street is well maintained with adequate sidewalks and clearly marked bike lanes, and the Fifth Ward Community Redevelopment Corporation is involved in multiple projects to revitalize the street. The most dramatic project involves the restoration of the historic DeLuxe Theater. The currently vacant and gutted building will be used as a theater space with attached retail. Fifth Ward Jam, pictured on the cover, combines art, performance and park space to create a piece of usable sculpture unique to Lyons Avenue.


General Demographics + Services

ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

LYONS AVENUE RAIL CROSSING

VACANT STOREFRONT

ST. ARNOLD BREWERY

Conclusion

Nodes

DELUXE THEATER


This information was collected using ARCGIS builiding foot prints for 1970 and 2010.

General Conclusion

Building density in the vicinity of Lyons Avenue has decreased radically over the last 40 years. Single-family homes in particular have been torn down in large numbers, leaving a patchwork of vacant lots across the neighborhood. This coincides with a significant decrease in the overall population of Fifth Ward, but there is no readily discernible pattern to the vacancies left by emigrating community members. This results in an inconsistency in street frontage that is not optimal for pedestrian use.

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

LYONS AVENUE- TODAY

SWOT

Demographics + Services

LYONS AVENUE- 1970s


Land Use

SINGLE FAMILY HOMES MULTIFAMILY HOMES COMMERCIAL INSTITUTIONAL OFFICE INDUSTRIAL


VACANT LAND

This information was collected using ARCGIS for 2010.

General Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

Vacant Lots


People in Fifth Ward As Houston’s population grew by more than 55% from 1980 to 2010, Fifth Ward shrunk by close to the same percentage. Fifth Ward’s population has also shifted demographics from an almost exclusively Black neighborhood to a slightly more diverse one. The largest increase can be seen in the Hispanic population of Fifth Ward, which now accounts for almost a third of the neighborhood. This is reflective of the overall increase of Hispanics in Harris County. Fifth Ward has an unusually high percentage of dependents, meaning those under the age of 24 and over the age of 65. The low percentage of working age people suggests that people in this age group are moving out of the neighborhood. This number has increased over the last 30 years, but has not reached Harris County levels.

Population Change over 30 years 180% 160% 140% 120% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1980

1990 Fifth Ward

2000 Harris County

2010


General

1980

Age Composition of Fifth Ward

2010 1980

Black

Asian

Hispanic

SWOT

White

Racial Composition of Harris County

Goals

2010 1980

0-24

25-64

65+

Age Composition of Harris County

2010 1980

Black

Asian

Hispanic

0-24

25-64

65+

This information was collected from the 1980 and 2010 census data for the 2113 census tract.

Conclusion

Nodes

White

Demographics + Services

2010

Rally in the Fifth

Racial Composition of Fifth Ward


Households in Fifth Ward

General

Housing Tenure in Fifth Ward

2010 1980

2010 1980 Owner Occupied Vacant

Renter Occupied Vacant/ For Sale

Housing Tenure in Harris County

Demographics + Services

Residences in Fifth Ward predominately consist of renter-occupied, single-family homes. This has not changed significantly in the last 30 years. The high percentage of renter-occupied homes indicates a relative lack of control by residents over their own homes.

SWOT

Housing in Fifth Ward

Female; No Husband

Male; Non-Family

Female; Non-Family

Households in Harris County

Owner Occupied Vacant

2010 1980

Married-Couple

Male; No Wife

Female; No Husband

Male; Non-Family

Female; Non-Family

Renter Occupied Vacant/ For Sale

Very little new investment has occured in the neighborhood over the last few decades. The construction that has taken place has focused on single-family homes through Habit for Humanity and other programs. Affordable, multi-family housing is still lacking in the community. On top of the high renter percentage, there is a low and decreasing percentage of married-couple households in Fifth Ward with a rising percentage of female households with children. Male households with children remains the smallest percentage.

This information was collected from the 1980 and 2010 census data for the 2113 census tract.

Rally in the Fifth

Male; No Wife

Nodes

Married-Couple

Conclusion

1980

Goals

2010


Housing Assistance Programs A number of organizations provide assistance with homeownership to residents of Fifth Ward. These organizations include neighborhood, municipal and national programs. Fifth Ward Redevelopment Corporation encourages homeownership and supports individuals in the process. They offer assistance including programs that help educate the community on the process and responsibilities of homeownership. Houston’s chapter of Habitat for Humanity has successfully built 17 homes in Fifth Ward. Rice University’s Centennial House, constructed through Habitat for Humanity, is also located in Fifth Ward. These homes have successfully begun to fill in the many vacant spaces in the neighborhood and raise housing standards in the community. Houston HOPE is a City of Houston program that strives to revitalize historic inner-city neighborhoods through the removal and acquisition of abandoned lots and construction of affordable housing. It offers reinvestment initiatives through of stabilization activities and by supporting locally led community building activities. Their goal is to build strong neighborhoods that meet the needs of their current residents and become attractive to new and returning families.


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General


Fleming Middle Scott Elementary

Dogan Elementary

Langston Elementary

Atherton Elementary

HP Carter Career Center Crawford Elementary YES Prep

Wheatley High

Henderson Elementary

Bruce Elementary


40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Elementary

High School

College

Harris County

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Elementary

High School Fifth Ward

Harris County

College

While Houston and Fifth Ward’s enrollment percentages have trended similarly from 1980 to 2010, Fifth Ward has more children in elementary levels and less in college level enrollment than Houston as a whole. This not only suggests fewer student-aged individuals enrolled in colleges, but also a higher percentage of elementary school children. Addressing the needs of young children will be more important in Fifth Ward, as well as encouraging students to continue and obtain higher education degrees.

This information was collected from the 1980 and 2010 census data for the 2113 census tract.

General Rally in the Fifth

50.00%

Nodes

60.00%

Fifth Ward

Enrollment in 2010

Harris County 2011

Conclusion

Enrollment in 1980

Fifth Ward 2011

Goals

SWOT

A community’s strength comes from the success of its schools and the academic success of its school age children. Every child deserves access to a quality education in order to achieve their potential. In Fifth ward, schools have seen many changes while maintaining the relatively high standards and ambitions with which they begin. Providing for the social and emotional needs of their students is one way Fifth Ward schools incentivize students to continue with education as a way to minimize high drop out rates. Data Educational Attainment in 2011 from 2011 indicates that 35% Fifth Ward’s dropout 30% rates are double or more 25% than those of Houston. 20% Additionally, Fifth Ward 15% has less than half the 10% college level education 5% attainment as Houston. 0%

Demographics + Services

Education in Fifth Ward


Employment in Fifth Ward Workers with low educational attainment have a higher risk of living in poverty and are more likely to experience difficulties in the labor market such as unemployment, lowearnings, and unwanted part-time employment. The likelihood for single mothers to live in poverty is higher than most other demographics. Many single mothers work in low-wage jobs that typically lack benefits such as sick leave and flexible hours. Children born and raised in single-parent families are also at higher risk of living in poverty. Their lives are surrounded by a variety of social issues, including welfare dependency, academic difficulties and criminal activity. The federal poverty line is $23,550 for a family of four. This comes down to about $1,962 a month for rent, utilities, groceries, clothes, and daycare. On average, the money is distributed in the following way:

$900 Rent (3 Bedroom) $540 Groceries $200 Utilities $322 Daycare, clothing, home repairs, transportation

With all the accumulated living costs, families are left with little to nothing in savings, resulting in a large group of people living paycheck to paycheck, month to month.

Population in Poverty Fifth Ward Houston

Rent as a Percentage of Income 2009

Fifth Ward Harris County

Below

Above

Median Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income Remaining Income

This information was collected from the 1980 and 2010 census data for the 2113 census tract.


Accomodation and Food Services

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Texas

General

Fifth Ward

Demographics + Services

Employment by Industry

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting Arts, entertainment, and recreation Educational Services Finance, Insurance, and Real State

Nodes

Administrative and support waste management

Information Manufacturing Management of Companies and Enterprises Other Services Professional, scientific, and Technical Services Public Administration

Conclusion

Health Care and Social Assistance


Health in Fifth Ward Fifth Ward’s mortality rates Leading Causes of Mortality are high when compared to [per 100,000 population] Houston’s overall rates for the 450.00 same health issues. This suggests 400.00 350.00 that Fifth Ward may not have 300.00 250.00 the same access to adequate 200.00 health care as the rest of 150.00 100.00 the city. Also, some of the 50.00 0.00 diseases shown are preventable diseases, suggesting that Fifth Ward’s environment enables and promotes an unhealthy lifestyle. Fifth Ward

Houston

Years of Potential Life Lost [per 100,000 population] 2000.00 1800.00 1600.00 1400.00 1200.00 1000.00 800.00 600.00 400.00 200.00 0.00 HIV/AIDS

Accidents Heart Disease Fifth Ward

Cancer

Homicide

Houston

Years of Potential Life Lost By Gender [per 100,000 population] 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Male

Female

Fifth Ward’s rates for potential life lost to premature death are generally double or more those of Houston. Within Fifth Ward, men’s rates are higher than those for women for most of these same issues, particularly homicides and accidents. The firearm-related rate suggests that violent crime is more common than in the city as a whole. These factors raise a number of important questions. How can Fifth Ward address men’s and women’s health in the neighborhood equally? What is lacking or existing in the immediate environment that contributes to high rates of preventable diseases?


General Houston

25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0

Goals

5.0 0.0 Hispanic

Black Fifth Ward

General

Houston

New Cases of Sexually Transmitted Diseases [per 100,000 population]

700.0 600.0 500.0 400.0 300.0

Nodes

Sexually transmitted diseases are present at high rates as well. The rate of new cases of HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia are double those of Houston.

Rally in the Fifth

[per 1,000 live births]

Infant Mortality Rate

Fifth Ward

18-19 yrs

Demographics + Services

15-17 yrs

SWOT

10-14 yrs

Births to teen mothers occur at nearly double Houston’s rate for the same age groups. Infant mortality rates, especially for the African American population in Fifth Ward, are similarly high. One possible reason for this discrepancy is a lack of sex education in the community. Neonatal health also appears to be neglected within the community.

200.0 100.0 0.0 HIV/AIDS

Gonorrhea Fifth Ward

Syphilis

Clamydia

Houston

This information was collected from the Community Health Profile from 1999 to 2003.

Conclusion

[per 1,000 live births]

Births to Teen Mothers

200.00 180.00 160.00 140.00 120.00 100.00 80.00 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00


Denver Harbor Clinic Julia C. Hester House

Lyons Health Center

Multiservice Center

Health and Care Services The recent introduction of the Lyons Avenue Health Center marks an important step toward addressing the community’s health issues. The Lyons Avenue Health Center is located in the southeastern portion of the Fifth Ward Superneighborhood. In 2012, Legacy Community Health Services opened within the Center. Founded in 1978 in Houston’s Montrose neighborhood, Legacy has recently expanded to other locations throughout the city. The Lyons Avenue location now offers sexual health services, pediatric care, primary care, behavioral health services and a pharmacy. The community is also served by the Fifth Ward Pregnancy Help Center, located close to the clinic. The Julia C. Hester House also serves the neighborhood. When it was originally opened in 1943, it was known as the Houston Negro Community Center. Since opening, Hester House’s priority has been to help the Fifth Ward community and low-income residents succeed. They provide a variety of programs including: early childhood services, youth services, family and social services and senior services.


DENVER HARBOR CLINIC

LYONS AVENUE HEALTH CENTER

Conclusion

Nodes

The limited number of locations for these services offers one possible explanation for this disparity. Many in the neighborhood may not be able to access them simply because of their location and limited means of transportation. Some residents, particularly those located farthest from the services, might not even be aware of their availability. Increasing the presence and accessibility of these services may be helpful in addressing these issues.

Demographics + Services

General Though these services available in the neighborhood, health issues have not been adequately addressed. Rates for preventable diseases, infant mortality, teen pregnancy and STDs are significantly higher than in surrounding communities.

SWOT

The Fifth Ward Multi-Service Center is home to a wide variety of community services and facilities including a library and police storefront. The center offers a number of classes on subjects ranging from parenting to domestic abuse, as well as programs devoted to fitness, children’s and seniors’ health, and support for young mothers. It also provides access to public computers and assistance with eligibility requirements for public health programs.

Goals

MULTISERVICE CENTER

Rally in the Fifth

JULIA C. HESTER HOUSE


Fiesta

Last Organic Outpost

Nutrition and Food Access Food access in Fifth Ward is mostly limited to small corner stores spread throughout the neighborhood. These stores offer plenty of low-nutrition snack foods and beer, but little in the way of fresh produce. Fiesta is the only major grocery store in the area, and it is just outside Fifth Ward’s eastern border on Lyons Avenue. It offers a wider variety of dry goods and produce than the small markets, but accessibility is comparatively limited. Community gardens offer a potential alternative source of produce in Fifth Ward. The neighborhood is also home to an urban farm called the Last Organic Outpost. In addition to providing workable plots, the farm provides classes on topics including urban beekeeping and chicken coop construction.


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General


Reliant Splash Pad

Buffalo Bayou Trails

Parks and Trails Fifth Ward is reasonably well served by parks, but access to these parks is inconsistent, as are activities within them. A number of small parks have recently been completed or are under construction along or near Lyons Avenue, but they are largely oriented toward younger children. The larger parks do contain facilities that would appeal to older children such as basketball courts and pools, but they are all located well away from Lyons Avenue. The southern border of Fifth Ward is defined by Buffalo Bayou, which is lined by a network of parks and trails. Unfortunately these trails are incomplete and difficult to access.


General Demographics + Services

FIFTH WARD JAM

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

LEGENDS PLAYSPACE

BUFFALO BAYOU

JAPHET CREEK TRAIL

Conclusion

Nodes

RELIANT SOLAR SPLASHPARK


General

Violent Crime in 2012 Fifth Ward

Fifth Ward’s violent crime rate is more than 50% higher than that of the city as a whole. Additionally, the rate of narcotic-related crime is more than double that of Houston.

Total Crimes 1999-2003 Fifth Ward

Ag. Assault

Houston

Violent

Burglary

Narcotics related

Alcohol related

Other assaults

Other crime

Safety in Fifth Ward Fifth Ward’s violent crime rate is significantly higher than that of the city of Houston as a whole. Though there are many factors involved in this disparity, land and building vacancy represent a distinctly visible and preventable one in this neighborhood. Vacant land can create an impression of instability and danger in members of the surrounding community, particularly when that land is poorly maintained. They can be hotbeds of illegal activities including drug sales and use. Studies such as one recently conducted by Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania indicate that maintenance of vacant lots increases the perception of safety and has an effect on crime rates.

This information was collected from Injury Prevention (7 August 2011), doi: 10.1136/ injuryprev-2012-040439 and mycity.houstontx.gov and the Community Health Profiles from 1999-2003.

Goals

SWOT

Aggravated assault and robbery represent the majority of violent crimes committed in police beat 7C10, which represents the southern portion of Fifth Ward.

Rally in the Fifth

Robbery

Nodes

Rape

Conclusion

Murder

Demographics + Services

Houston


BARC

Fire Department

Police Storefront

Safety Services The Fifth Ward Superneighborhood contains a police storefont and a fire station. Fifth Ward is also home to BARC, an animal shelter and adoption facility. As the only municipally run animal shelter in Houston, BARC is a facility unique to Fifth Ward. This is particularly valuable because the neighborhood has a significant stray dog problem. In addition to the danger posed to the animals themselves, this problem detracts from an impression of safety. At an infrastructural level, safety in Fifth Ward is challenged by a lack of maintenance. Broken and missing sidwalks are common throughout the neighborhood, as are open drainage ditches and missing manhole covers.


General Demographics + Services SWOT

STRAY DOGS

BARC

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

BROKEN PAVEMENT

POOR MAINTENANCE

FIRE DEPARTMENT

Conclusion

Nodes

EXPOSED SEWER LINE


Transportation in Fifth Ward Public transit ridership is significantly higher in Fifth Ward than it is in Harris County as a whole. Over 20% of the neighborhood’s population are transit users, versus 3.5% for the county. Unfortunately, bus routes through Houston follow convoluted paths resulting in long transit times for most popular destinations. Fifth Ward shares a transit hub with Denver Harbor, located at the intersection of Lyons Avenue and Lockwood. Downtown: 12 minutes. Route 80. No transfers. UofH: 40 minutes. Route 80. No transfers. Medical Center: 34 minutes. Route 80 to 700 [light rail]. Uptown: 69 minutes. Route 80 to 81. Freight rail also has a large presence in Fifth Ward. Lyons Avenue is divided in two by a line running north/south located west of St. Elmo Street. This crossing is at street level and, though it is signaled, pedestrian safety measures are minimal. It also disturbs automotive traffic and blocks students from getting to school and adults from getting to work.


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General


Religion in Fifth Ward The Greater Fifth Ward has many religious centers throughout the neighborhood, the majority of which are Baptist and other Christian denominations. Few other religious affiliations appear to be practiced in Fifth Ward. Religion clearly plays an influential role in the Fifth Ward community. There are many churches across the neighborhood, with some dating back to the early 20th century. From contacting several of these churches, it is apparent about half of the people attending are visiting from neighboring communities. Many of theses churches have a variety of programs aimed at helping the Fifth Ward community, such as food pantries and community outreach. Although many are in walking distance of each other, the churches do not seem to communicate amongst themselves resulting in redundancy.


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General


Strengths Many different services and resources, including health, religious, financial and gardening, are already offered in Fifth Ward. There is an abundance of vacant land available for use. Fifth Ward has a neighborly atmosphere and welcoming residents. Fifth Ward residents enjoy bikes lanes on Lyons and Waco.

Weaknesses The community has higher rates of health problems, violence, lack of education, etc. Most services are concentrated to the south and east areas of Fifth Ward. I-10 and I-59 create boundaries that disconnect the neighborhood. Current recreational facilities are minimal and under used. The vacant land in Fifth Ward causes the neighborhood to feel empty and dangerous.


General Fifth Ward is located just across Buffalo Bayou from Downtown. Many services and resources can be shared with neighboring communities such as Denver Harbor.

Rally in the Fifth

Outside development in Lower Fifth enforces the I-10 barrier.

Nodes

The Hardy Toll Road will extend all the way to downtown destroying more of Fifth Ward.

Conclusion

Threats

Goals

SWOT

Houston greenways are located just outside of the Fifth Ward boundaries.

Demographics + Services

Opportunities


General To connect residents with the rest of the Fifth Ward and Houston communities To encourage active participation in the community To activate key intersections and locations by developing and programming vacant land

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services To fill in needs of residents by bringing in services that are currently lacking

Rally in the Fifth

To increase accessibility and effectiveness of existing services in the Fifth Ward and Houston area

Nodes

To provide residents with educational resources

Conclusion

To support an active and vibrant community


Salvaged Homes

Service Trucks

Recreational Facilities

Canopies


In addition to vacant lots, Fifth Ward is home to many vacant, tax delinquent, and poorly maintained houses. Though they are currently unattractive and even dangerous, they have the potential to be a valuable resource for the community. Some can be reused as-is or moved to a more suitable site and repurposed; others can be deconstructed for their constituent materials.

General Nodes

Maintaining a sense of community is partially reliant on the maintenance of spaces dedicated to social activities. These spaces exist less to motivate the activities themselves than to provide a feeling of security than can be lacking in more ad-hoc gathering places. More mundane concerns regarding protection from the weather are also important, particularly in a climate such as Houston’s which has lots of rain and high temperatures.

Conclusion

Fifth Ward has a higher rate of preventable diseases than many of its surrounding neighborhoods, and two of the major causes of health issues are obesity and lack of exercise. Providing spaces and equipment for physical activity is one of the most direct ways of addressing this problem.

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

Though Fifth Ward is home to a number of services; they are often sparsely located and provide difficulties for some residents to access. By creating a fleet of service-oriented trucks, these services can more directly target their potential beneficiaries, including the mobility-impaired.

Demographics + Services

Improving health in Fifth Ward cannot happen as a result of a single cure-all solution. Each of these strategies contributes to improving the health of Fifth Ward as a community as well as its individual residents.

SWOT

Strategies


Salvaged Homes and Materials Though many of Fifth Ward’s historic homes are in a state of disrepair, they were built with materials intended to last for decades. Even among houses too poorly maintained to be restored, these materials can be salvaged and reused in a variety of ways. Reclaim Detroit is an organization in Detroit that was founded to reuse as much material as possible from demolition in the city. The organization provides training and resells salvaged material.

SALVAGE WAREHOUSE

REMOVING SALVAGE MATERIAL

reclaimdetroit.org

Two examples of organizations that repurpose salvaged materials exist right here in Texas. Tiny Texas Houses in Luling salvages historic homes slated for demolition and reuses their materials to build small, affordable homes. In Huntsville, Dan Phillips’ Phoenix Commotion uses salvaged and waste materials to build low-cost homes for people, particularly single mothers, in need. Each home is unique and the eventual owners participate in construction.

PHOENIX COMMOTION http://www.phoenixcommotion.com

TINY TEXAS HOUSES http://tinytexashouses.com


General Excess material is sold to businesses in Houston. This money is put back into the community.

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services Warehoused materials are used to repair occupied homes and construct new ones, providing additional experience and skills. These materials can also be used to build canopies.

Rally in the Fifth

Salvaged materials are centrally stored in a warehouse to ease distribution throughout Fifth Ward.

Nodes

Learning to salvage homes provides neighborhood residents of all ages with valuable experience and salable skills. It also provides physical exercise.

Conclusion

Vacant and decaying homes are carefully dismantled to preserve reusable materials. Structurally sound homes are moved and repurposed into classrooms.


Nutrition and Gardening: provides information on a healthy lifestyle with classes, lectures and interactive programs; associated with Last Organic Outpost Animal Care: provides pet care, vaccinations and spay/neuter services; associated with BARC Library: provides access to reading material and computer services; associated with Houston Public Library Community Building: provides programs for men and women that build trust and inspire youth to create goals.

Home Repair: Provides guidance in home repair; associated with Salvaged Homes & Materials

General Demographics + Services SWOT

Arts and Crafts: kids’ activities; provides childcare and a creative outlet; associated with Julia Hester House

Goals

Recycling and Compost: collects recyclable material and provides information on recycling; has a central hub for compost material that Fifth Ward residents may use for gardening projects; associated with Waste Management

Rally in the Fifth

Health: provides sexual health care, prenatal care, vaccinations and preventitive wellness services; associated with Legacy Clinic

Nodes

Trucks will be fitted with a variety of services provided by institutions in the Fifth Ward and Houston area. Each truck will rotate between predetermined nodes according to a flexible schedule. These nodes will be programmed and have adequate signage.

Conclusion

Service Trucks


Recreational Facilities The community of Fifth Ward can improve their health and quality of life by including some form of physical activity in their daily lives. Different elements can be designated to different locations depending on the need of the area. The activities are oriented to different age groups as well. It is proven that physical activity opportunities in parks within a community help increase fitness and reduce health complications. Fifth Ward has a high number of residents with heart related diseases that can be alleviated by partaking in daily physical activities such as jogging and bike riding.

COVERED BASKETBALL COURT

HIKE/BIKE TRAIL

JUNGLE GYM

CLIMBING PLAYGROUND

JOGGING TRAIL

OUTDOOR AMPHITHEATER


Outdoor Amphitheter: space for musical performances and performing arts

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General Jogging Trail: provides protected space for runners and connects with neighborhood trails

Goals

Climbing Playground: provides high energy activity for children and young adults

Rally in the Fifth

Jungle Gym: provides a dynamic exercise playground for children

Nodes

Hike/Bike Trail: connect to existing bike lanes and trails

Conclusion

Covered Basketball Court: provides shade for gatherings and service trucks


Canopies More gathering spaces closer to home will provide opportunities for residents of Fifth Ward to socialize in a safe and pleasant environment. The development of new canopies and shaded areas should respect the scale, setbacks and orientation of existing houses. This approach will not only add importance to the entire block but also reinforce the existing tradition of front porch use. Nearby gathering areas will provides spaces for Fifth Ward residents to commemorate their heritage and the possibilities of the future through music, art and community expression. These shaded areas could be used to create seats, stages/platforms and planters. Smaller, portable canopies can be easily assembled and disassembled for use at different social events such as job fairs, community meetings, and arts events. Storage of these canopies would be relegated to the same warehouse facility used for salvaged materials.

Large Canopies

Portable Canopies: can be moved to different events around the community

Seating and Dining: provides low maintenance spaces for eating in a social setting

Community Building: provides protected space for runners and connects with neighborhood trails

Music: provides shelter from the sun and rain for musicians


General LIGHTING

PORTABLE CANOPIES

RECLAIMED MATERIALS

PERFORMANCE SPACES

Demographics + Services

OUTDOOR EVENTS

Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

FIFTH WARD IN 1973


Collingsworth @ Wipperecht

Liberty @ Waco

Oats @ Solo

Lyons @ Worms

Clinton @ Schweikhardt

System of Nodes To begin applying the strategies previously discussed requires selecting inital locations for intervention. These locations, or nodes, must be selected in order to maximize their accessibility to residents and their use of existing features of the neighborhood. Each node also serves as a consistent drop-off location for salvaged and recyclable materials. These materials can then be picked up and moved to a central warehouse for short-term storage.


Though selecting individual nodes is important, the ability of all nodes to function together as a system is just as necessary. This requires considering not only how nodes work within their immediate context, but also how they relate to each other. It is important to create a system of nodes that:

Maintains consistent distances between nodes Ensures that the majority of Fifth Ward residents are within walking distance of at least one node. Locates nodes in “gaps� between existing services and infrastructure Once nodes are selected, strategies can be applied to each node selectively, depending on its strengths and weaknesses. Nodes located near heavily programmed parks might need little in the way of recreational facilities but would benefit from repurposed classrooms and canopies.

General Demographics + Services

Parks and community gardens

SWOT

Schools

Goals

Existing infrastructure

Rally in the Fifth

Each node should be located near neighborhood features including:

Nodes

Nodes are selected to maximize accessibility and take advantage of nearby infrastructure. This ensures that they complement the services already in Fifth Ward and help to create areas where people can easily transition between activities throughout the day.

Conclusion

Node Selection


Collingsworth @ Wipperecht

Residential

Institutional

Churches

Offices

Commercial

Industrial

Proposed Sites


Residential

Institutional

Churches

Offices

Commercial

Industrial

General Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

Oats @ Solo

Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Proposed Sites


Liberty @ Waco

Residential

Institutional

Churches

Offices

Commercial

Industrial

Proposed Sites


Institutional

Churches

Offices

Commercial

Industrial

General Goals

Residential

SWOT

Demographics + Services

Lyons @ Worms

Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Proposed Sites


Clinton @ Schweikhardt

Residential

Institutional

Churches

Offices

Commercial

Industrial

Proposed Sites


Oats @ Solo

Lyons @ Worms

One of the requirements for node site selection is proximity to existing infrastructure. The two central thoroughfares in Fifth Ward are Lyons Avenue and Waco Street. These streets share the following advantages:

Centrality of location Connectivity across freeways, railroad tracks and bayous

General Nodes

Node Connectivity

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

Clinton @ Schweikhardt

Demographics + Services

Liberty @ Waco

SWOT

Collingsworth @ Wipperecht

Building off of these connections provides an opportunity to better interconnect existing services and amenities. With just a few additional blocks of bike lanes, improved sidewalks and landscaping, Boyce-Dorian Park, Japhet Creek, the Last Organic Outpost, and multiple schools become part of a larger system of trails and parks.

Conclusion

Existing bike lanes


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General


Conclusion

Nodes

Rally in the Fifth

Goals

SWOT

Demographics + Services

General

Community Plan  
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