ANO ROOF’s Education Centre The 2009 – 2010 academic year
8 Voznesensky pereulok, Moscow Tel.: (495) 629 51 17
Introduction ROOF was the first charity founded in Russia to provide high quality education for children and young adults from Russian orphanages, help young people to overcome psychological barriers and motivate them to study. Our aim is to give every child and young adult from Russian orphanages assistance in their studies and personal development; to help them overcome the disadvantages of their past. We also help young people discover their talents and abilities, and, as a result, fully realize their personal potential. We achieve this goal through personal relationship, development and trust. In building personal relations between ROOF’s students, teachers, volunteers and employees we create the necessary conditions for successful study and personal development.
St. Andrew’s Anglican Church in Moscow – the home of ROOF’s Education Centre
That is why each of our programmes in every orphanage is unique, and why we develop a special educational programme for each Education Centre student. Our goal is not ‘adapting’ young people to the needs of society! Rather, we teach them to live and we support their striving to understand this world – so that they can gain selfconfidence, mature, and find their place in life independently. We believe that people can change and that our actions and relationships make an impact on what we are and what other people can become.
Today the community of those who participate in ROOF’s projects is nearly 200 people. We - ROOF’s students, graduates (aged from 18) of regular, special-needs/correctional and psycho-
neurological orphanages who have received incomplete or informal secondary education.
- ROOF’s teachers and employees (aged from 22) who have received higher education and are highly skilled in various theoretical and practical fields. - Children from state orphanages (aged under 18) who participate in ROOF’s educational projects who have received incomplete or no secondary education. - ROOF’s volunteers (of different ages starting from 18)
generally those who have or who are receiving higher education, including both Russian citizens and those from other countries.
- ROOF’s friends – people from different firms and companies who support ROOF’s work, sponsors and benefactors. - Teachers, specialists and administrators from state, special-needs/correctional and psycho-neurological orphanages who work directly with the young people who participate in ROOF’s educational programmes.
This year we made a lot of new wonderful friends.
In October and June our friends from Deloitte together with the Education Centre students renovated three of our classrooms and the hall.
Our friends from Clifford Chance conducted IT classes and training sessions on CV writing and interview technique for our students.
For two years a volunteer from PricewaterhouseCoopers, Gleb Korneev, has been teaching English to our students from Group 6. This year another volunteer from the same company, Sophie Maltabarow, joined Gleb. Our friends from PricewaterhouseCoopers also invited ROOFâ€™s students to the concerts and open rehearsals of the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra.
English teachers from Globus International have also been teaching our students for the second year running.
We are always very happy to see our friends at our parties.
The following table shows the hundreds of graduates from Moscow orphanages who have taken part in the Education Centreâ€™s programmes over its 9 year existence:
2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007
Regular orphanages total
Special needs orphanages total
Psycho-neurological orphanages total
Advanced by 1 grade level
Advanced by 2 grades level
RESULTS: Graduated 9th grade Graduated 11th grade
Entered college or university
* Data not available. Exact data is also not available for 2000-01, 2001-02, still, during this period we had tens of graduates from 9th and 11th grade and some students who entered colleges and universities.
The Students The EC students are mostly graduates of special needs (correctional) and psycho-neurological orphanages who are able to attend classes at evening school. Graduates and students of regular orphanages usually come to the EC to get help on particular subjects. Based on test results each student is assigned to a group corresponding to his/her abilities. According to students’ goals, an individual study plan is then made for each student. The Education Centre students have a rare and very valuable quality which is not often found even among children from very happy families: they want to study and understand that education will help them change their life. Moreover, these young people do not only understand the importance of education and wish to study – they do everything they can to realize their strivings. Each evening they go to the Education Centre after a day’s work and study there till 21:30. What we value most is that, for our students, the Education Centre is a place where they do not only receive knowledge, but somewhere where they meet friends both among their peers and among the teachers.
The Students on ROOF’s Education Centre Polina (Group 12): “ROOF has become my first home. I spend very little time in my flat and always come to ROOF instead. ROOF has the most understanding and wonderful teachers: they are true professionals. It is quite difficult to work with such children as us, but they love both us and their work. They become our true friends, help us in life, become our backbone, our support and give us their love.
ROOF is a big family. I love this family. They made me a true personality. I believe that I’ll grow professionally and will help my family - just as many children help their mother and father
I studied at ROOF for 4 years. During this time my outlook changed. I now get on better with people. I know more. I’ve found true friends. I know that any moment I can come to ROOF and ask for help and they will never say no. I still keep coming: to receive new knowledge, get ready for my exams, or just talk and drink tea. I enjoy being there.
The most important thing is that children trust the people at ROOF - this is very important. I lived in an orphanage for 10 years - and I still don’t love that orphanage, and never go there for help. This shows a lot.” Sasha (Group 12): “I love ROOF for everything: for its wonderful working team, for its care of its students, for joyful life, for interesting and unforgettable excursions, for each moment I spent there. I love ROOF with each cell of my body. I love it when Olga Vladimirovna argues or gets angry, because when she gets angry she can also give us her love. ROOF has given me a lot of merry friends, a wealth of knowledge and interesting impressions. ROOF gave me a start in life. It didn’t just give me an education and an opportunity to enter university; it gave me love for its teachers and wonderful memories.
I will never forget ROOF. There will always be a place for ROOF in my heart. For the years of my study at ROOF I have only the best and the warmest memories of the place and the people. At ROOF I learnt to be more open in my relationships, to trust people and I learnt to express myself. I wish ROOF to grow and flourish. Let there always be such wonderful teachers, obedient student and generous sponsors. I wish there to always be ROOF. ROOF is a wonderful organization which helps those people who are in need.” Vitya (Group 7):
“I like to study at ROOF very much, too much, I would say. There are many wonderful people here, and all the teachers are very good; too good. Nowhere else have I ever had so many dear people as I have here at ROOF.”
Ainur (Group 5): “It’s very interesting to study at ROOF. I love reading, that’s why I like to go to the Literature Club. I haven’t missed a single meeting of the club. We discussed the novel ‘The Adolescent’ by F.M. Dostoyevsky, ‘Lokis’ by P. Merime (incidentally, the word ‘lokis’ means a bear), and the poems of Alexander Blok. If I had more free time I would attend all the clubs.”
Vitaliy (Group 4): “I like ROOF very much. I always come to classes early. I think it’s better to come early and wait for the teacher than to come late. I do not go to the clubs, because I live in a psycho-neurological internat (they only let us leave the internat on weekdays and clubs are held on weekends).
I learnt so many things at ROOF. At ROOF I like studying and interacting with my friends and teachers. I came here to finish my studies, to achieve my personal goal and to enter an arts technical college.” !"#$%&, 3 '()**" “I live in a psycho-neurological internat. It’s very boring there and there’s practically nothing to do. At ROOF everything is completely different: you can always find something to do.
From my internat there are few students who come to study at ROOF. All the rest stay inside the internat the whole day, smoking and wandering around the corridors. I come to ROOF every day to study here. I like ROOF very much. ROOF is the place where you can always ask both teachers and students for advice.”
ROOF’s teaching team 23 teachers, 7 other employees and 12 volunteers work at ROOF’s Post-Orphanage Education Centre. The team of teachers is unique: their professionalism and personal qualities make them brilliant examples for the students. Very often the relationships between students and teachers grow into strong friendships that continue long after the students receive their diplomas. ROOF’s teachers, employees, volunteers, graduates, students and friends create a unique atmosphere of community which perfectly complements the educational environment.
EC Administration: Director: Olga TIKHOMIROVA Head Teacher: Nadezhda GUZENKO Head Teacher: Anna ULYANOVA
Class leaders: Name, Surname
Group 8 (7th-8th grade)
Group 7 (6th-7th grade)
Group 5 (5th-6th grade)
Group 3 (primary school)
Group 4 (5th grade)
Group 6 (6th grade)
Group 10 (10th grade)
Group 12 (preparing for university)
Group 9 (9th grade)
Group 11 (11th grade)
Teachers: Name, Surname
Russian Language and Literature
Russian Language and Literature
History, Social Studies Developing the Skills of Independent Work Chemistry
Anna ULYANOVA Svetlana CHUGAEVA
Our distinctive methodology • Personal relationships between students and teachers The team of ROOF teachers is unique. Their professionalism and personal qualities serve as examples for our students. This is especially important for the students as, in their orphanages, they are routinely denied positive and guiding examples. One can only gain the respect of orphans through sincere personal relationships.
• An orientation towards the ability of each student The professionalism of our teachers allows them be flexible in reacting to our students’ demands. The Education Centre teachers do not expect the students to have good knowledge of all subjects and are able to work with any level of prior knowledge.
• Individual programmes With the help of our ‘class leaders’ the students write their own “individual plans” where they specify and define their personal goals.
• Work in small groups The optimal number of students in a group is no more than six people. Our students’ backgrounds and learning tempos differ so much that having more people in a group makes its work ineffective.
• Informal and easy atmosphere Our teachers never explain new material to the students in the form of a monologue. There is always a dialogue between teachers and students, and teachers are always ready to answer all students’ questions.
Education The number of students at the start of the academic year (September): 107 people The number of students at the start of the second term (January): 98 people The number of students at the end of the academic year (June): 88 people See Attachment 1 (List of students at the end of the 2009-10 academic year). See Attachment 2 (Teaching hours at the Education Centre during the 2009-10 academic year). See Attachment 3 (Timetable for the 2009-10 academic year).
The academic year at the EC lasts from mid September till mid June, until the group that has their state exams at the externship has taken their last exam. After that the preparation for the graduation party begins! The academic year is divided into three terms. Each term ends with an examination week when rating table of all students on all subjects is formulated. Rating results are put on the information stand and are open to all students. For many students the fact that everyone can see their results is the key motive for improving their own results and developing their personality. During the academic year all students have to put a lot of effort, will and character into their study. This is particularly true of those who are to pass their final exams at the externat (State Educational Establishment General Mainstream Evening School ! 90) at the end of the academic year. Unlike students from other groups, the students from Group 12 (preparation for and help at university) have their own timetable.
At the beginning of the academic year there were 10 groups at the Education Centre. Among the educational tasks were:
Goals, objectives and expected results for the 2009-2010 academic year Group
Goals and objectives for the 2009-10 academic year expand awareness and knowledge of the surrounding world, speech development, critical/independent thought;
!3 students of psycho-neurological orphanages formerly studied at the EC under the elementary school program !4
continue developing reading, writing and math skills at the elementary level; expand awareness and knowledge of the surrounding world, speech development, critical/independent thought; continue 5th grade special needs/correctional curriculum;
students of special-needs/ correctional orphanages assortment of new students
students of special-needs/ correctional orphanages !6
students who studied the 6th grade at the EC in the 2008-2009 academic year
students of special-needs/ correctional orphanages students who studied the 6th grade at the EC in the 2008-2009 academic year
expand awareness and knowledge of the surrounding world, speech development, critical/independent thought; study the 6th grade general mainstream school curriculum;
study the 6th – 7th grades general mainstream school curriculum
Results at the end of the 2009-2010 academic year
completed three years of the special-needs/correctional curriculum
started 6th grade special-needs/ correctional curriculum
passed the 6th grade general mainstream school curriculum successfully Ainur Akhmedova and Lyubov Lenkova continue their individual studies in summer. They will have their exams in September. If they pass the exams successfully, in the new academic year they will start studying the 8th – 9th grades general mainstream school curriculum
The students will try to enter colleges, where they will be able to pass the 9th grade, general mainstream school curriculum program and receive their lower secondary education diplomas. They might keep receiving help or tutoring on specific subjects at the EC.
study the 6th – 7th grades general mainstream school curriculum
started studying the 7th grade general mainstream school curriculum
students of special-needs/ correctional orphanages
study the 7th â€“ 8th grades students who completed 7 grade general mainstream school at the EC in the 2008-2009 curriculum academic year th
started studying the 8th grade general mainstream school curriculum
!9 students and graduates of special-needs/ correctional orphanages ! 10
students who completed 8th study the 9th grade general grade at the EC in mainstream school curriculum the 2008-2009 academic year
students who completed 9th grade at the EC in the 2008-2009 academic year
study the 10th grade general mainstream school curriculum
passed the 9th grade program, general mainstream school curriculum, and passed their final exams
started studying the 10th grade general mainstream school curriculum
!11 graduates of special-needs/ correctional orphanages
students who studied the 10th grade at the EC in the 2008-2009 academic year
complete studying the 10th grade and start studying the 11th grade general mainstream school curriculum
prepared for and passed their final exams (USE â€“ Unified State Exam)
at the students request provide help or tutoring (if they already study at other educational establishments) on chosen subjects
continued education at colleges and universities
students who formerly studied at the EC
The particularities of each group STUDENTS FROM PSYCHO-NEUROLOGICAL ORPHANAGES Most of the students from Groups 3 and 4 live in adult psycho-neurological orphanages, aged from 14 to 30. They are all diagnosed as "unteachable". Some of them had completed 8 years of school for severely mentally handicapped children, others have never attended school and don’t know how to read, write or recognize numbers. In these groups motivation to study is much higher than in the others. The reason for high motivation in these groups is principally the prospect for some students (Vladimir Spigul, Kirill Kaikov) to have their diagnosis removed and then to start living independently, outside the institution. Education gives students from these two groups a chance to adapt to normal life: learning how to read newspapers, write letters, count change at the shop, these young people start taking part in society and begin to feel that they are the same people as those who live ‘in the city’. The main goal for teachers working with these groups is to help those who can live independently prepare for psychological, medical and pedagogical tests. Young people who will pass these tests will have their diagnosis changed or removed, which will let them receive a state apartment and start living independently. In March 2009 Kirill Kaikov passed psychological, medical and pedagogical tests. He will live on his own after he receives a state apartment. The reason for the high levels of motivation amongst the other young people is socialization: a chance to spend some time outside of the psycho-neurological institution. During the lessons they do not only learn how to read and count, but they also enjoy the opportunity to forget the depressing atmosphere of their ‘home’ for some time. These students look forward to coming to the Education Centre. They enjoy the lessons, talks with the students from older groups, tea during the breaks, - in short the friendly and homely atmosphere they lack in the institution.
Group 3 Most of the students from this group have been studying at the EC for several years, it was formerly ‘Group 1’. The young people didn’t feel they make any progress (though they all made great improvements). To encourage the students and maintain their motivation the teachers decided to change the group number every year. A difficult financial situation over the last two years has not allowed us to create new groups from psycho-neurological institutions, so we do not have a group ‘!1’ or ‘!2’. The main education goal in the group remains expanding awareness and knowledge of the surrounding world and also developing reading, writing and math skills. This academic year a new student from psycho-neurological orphanage ! 11, Valery Lebedev, joined Group 3. Valera doesn’t know how to read and to write, knows few letters, but he wishes to become literate. To learn reading and writing he attended additional individual lessons. Students from this group studied hard, they did not miss a single lesson and they all took active part in all Education Centre events. Group 4 The 2009-2010 academic year was a very difficult one for Group 4. Young people from this group have been studying at the Education Centre for many years. Two years ago they decided to start preparing for their final exams (general mainstream school curriculum): a very difficult task. However, the students’ motivation is very high. They understand how difficult this task is and were ready to spend several years achieving it. Nevertheless, this year Evgeny Botarev and Aleksander Mitkevich decided to leave the Education Centre because it was difficult for them to combine work and study. Over the course of the year Zhenya and Sasha kept visiting the Education Centre parties and excursions - they know they are always welcome here. Irina Abramova had a second baby in November but didn’t want to make a break in her studies - she studied within the individual program this year. At the beginning of the academic year Svetlana Kuznetsova came to the EC. Sveta graduated from a special-needs/correctional school in 1997. She then worked in construction. This year, however, Sveta made a difficult decision: to return to a desk, complete 9 grades and enter college. Sveta has begun her studies in Group 4 (she had a long break in her education and has a very poor knowledge of basic subjects).
Group 4 is very diverse. That is why an individual and differentiated approach to each student is crucial. We hope that the group will overcome its crisis and continue studying effectively during the next academic year. Furthermore, Alexandra Evstigneeva and Vladimir Spigul from Group 3 are aiming to pass psychological, medical and pedagogical tests, have their diagnosis removed and get a chance to live independently.
GENERAL MAINSTREAM SCHOOL CURRICULUM
Group 5 Most of the students in this group are new students who live at special-needs/correctional orphanages. There are also some old Education Centre students – Elena Beloglazova and Ekaterina Astakhova. Lena has already been studying at the Education Centre for 4 years. However, she hasn’t yet progressed beyond the 6th grade program (mainstream school curriculum). It is very difficult for her to study - that is why she was transferred to the group that studies the 6th grade program. This was also the reason why Katya Astakhova, who had been studying at the EC for three years, was transferred to Group 5. Two years ago Katya came to the Education Centre for communication rather than for education and lessons. This year, however, Katya’s attitude towards study has changed. She is determined to complete the 9th form. In many ways these changes were caused by the working atmosphere that the new students created. Four students from the group, Aleksey Abaturov, Ainur Akhmedova, Anatoly Borisov and Lyubov Lenkova, are highly motivated and interested to receive new knowledge. They made the group work at a high tempo. Unfortunately, Aleksey and Anatoly finished studying too early last year. They live in an orphanage and, in
the middle of May, they went to a summer camp at the seaside together with other children from the orphanage. The girls continued to study during the summer. The Teachers Council decided, accordingly, to transfer them to the group which will have their 9th grade final exams at the externat at the end of the next academic year. Other students from this group will continue studying the 6th grade program, comprehensive school curriculum.
Group 6 In the 2008-2009 academic year 20 children from Orphanage No. 4 who were brought to ROOF by their orphanage teachers studied at the Education Centre. ROOF has a history of successful cooperation with Orphanage No. 4: a lot of children from this orphanage have studied at the Education Centre. We have helped them receive education and some of them to find a job. Among these graduates are Slava Muretov (who finished the 9th and the 11th form at ROOF, prepared for and entered Moscow State Law Academy), Seryozha Shakhov (who prepared for his final exams for the 9th form at ROOF) and Serezha Suvorov (ROOF helped him to prepare for his exams (9th and then 11th form) and also to find a job). What makes Group 6 different from the other groups is that ROOF’s teachers conduct their lessons at the Orphanage No. 4, where the students live (we go to them, instead of their coming to us). In the morning the children study at their special-needs/correctional school (school type VIII). And in the evening they gather for their classes in the ‘evening school’ (that’s what the children from the Orphanage No. 4 call their classes with the ROOF teachers). During the first academic year the number of the students in the group remained the same:
not one of the students stopped attending the evening school, and some of them (nearly a half) attended the classes regularly. This academic year the attendance was more stable. All the students from the Group attended 90% of the classes, and the monitor of the group informed the teachers in advance if someone was ill or absent. This year all the children graduated from the 9th form of special-needs/correctional school (which corresponds to the 5th grade, general mainstream school curriculum). During the 2009 – 2010 academic year ROOF’s teachers taught them the basic subjects for the 6th grade, general mainstream school curriculum (Russian language and literature, Maths, History, etc.). All the students were successful; they strived to learn new things and never rested on their laurels. The relations with the teachers and among the students were always friendly and there were no conflicts. Good students were always ready to help those who were behind in their studies. Two years of study at the Education Centre has helped the children from Group 6 enter various colleges. When they graduate from the colleges they will receive their lower secondary education (9th grade) diplomas. It is quite likely that they will come to the EC to get help on particular subjects. Group 7 The composition of this group has been stable. The students have already been studying at ROOF for two years: last year they had their classes in the Orphanage No. 4. This year they were old enough to attend evening classes outside the orphanage - that’s why they started studying at the EC by general timetable. Besides ROOF, all the children study at colleges where they receive basic professional education. All their days are busy: in the morning - college\training school, in the evening – the Education Centre. Also, most of the children did subsidiary work at the Orphanage in the evening, e.g., cleaning the yard and the rooms. Their day was organized like this as a result of their teachers’ working schedule. These children didn’t come to ROOF by themselves; they were chosen and brought here by their teachers from the orphanage. This certainly made its impact: this group was the only group at ROOF for whom education was not the main goal. The main motives for them were a certain exclusiveness, that made them different from orphanage children who did not attend the evening school. It was also a chance to meet and communicate with RO"F’s other students and participate in ROOF’s events. Such views also influenced their attitude to study. First of all, these children wanted to communicate and talk about themselves, which is quite normal for their psychological age. As a result, the lessons in this group differed greatly from the ones in other EC groups: the teachers had to plan the classes so that the
students could not only understand new information, but also receive new experiences about which they could tell others. This was very time consuming and often took the conversation away from the initial topic. Right now this social and psychological aspect is more important for these children as, in a year or two, they will graduate from their colleges and will have new social opportunities. They will be able to work or continue their study and some of them will receive state apartments. Now they still cannot imagine what exactly will happen to them, but they understand that there will be serious changes in their life and it makes them worry. That’s why the most important task for this group is helping the children to plan their future and to understand their opportunities and their place in life.
For two years running group membership remained nearly the same but next year we are planning to divide them into several groups according to the students’ academic results and their opportunities. The expected time needed to prepare the students for their final exams for the 9th grade is 2 – 3 years. Group 8 At the beginning of the academic year there were four old students in the group who had studied together last year (their classmates had entered colleges) and two new students from another group: Viktor Kartinsky and Vasily Kashin. New students were not greeted very well by the old ones. Vasily Kashin stopped attending classes at the beginning and Vitya Kartinsky was transferred to Group 9 in the second term. Another student also transferred to Group 9 was Alena Vasina – she came to the Education Centre in September 2009. In January Kristina Asmalova, who started the academic year studying in Group 7, was also transferred to Group 8. With Kristina’s arrival the atmosphere in the group improved greatly. From April the group had among its students Mikhail Sokolovsky, who didn’t pass his 9th grade internal exams and didn’t receive an admission to have his exams at the externat. Misha will continue his studies in Group 8 and will try to prepare for his final exams by the end of the next academic year. The students in the group
who have the strongest motivation are Ilya Shimanchik and Sergey Borisov. These students are planning to prepare for and take their 9th grade exams in the 2010 - 2011 academic year. Nickolay Bocharov and Timifei Matrosov missed many classes. They graduated from their orphanages not long ago and received their state apartments this year. They spent more time providing all the necessary facilities for their flats instead of studying. In the second term Timofei stopped attending classes - but he has decided to start studying hard again next year.
Group 9 At the beginning of the academic year there were 10 students in Group 9. All the students began coming to the Education Centre last year. The average age of the group was 20. Most of the students were either working, had a family or were studying at other educational establishments alongside their study at ROOF. All this placed a strain on the young people themselves. In spite of this, their motivation to study was very high. Their education level was 7th - 8th grade, general mainstream school curriculum.
The group was very close-knit, organized and tolerant. All the students were always ready to help each other. The leader of the group, in more ways than one, was Olga Gerasimova. Each member of the group was a bright, active person who had his/her own opinion on every subject. The group took great pleasure in actively participating in all ROOFâ€™s events.
2009-2010 was a year of serious tests and challenges for the students of Group 9. Nearly all members of the group (except Maria Usacheva and Mikhail Sokolovsky) passed ROOF’s internal exams. 8 students received an admission to state exams at the externat. They all passed their final state exams successfully and received their lower secondary education diplomas.
Group 10 The base of this group was the students who passed their 9th grade exams last year. Three students (Aleksey Golubkin, Elena Orlova and Natalia Senina) decided to continue their studies and work towards 10th – 11th grades (general mainstream school curriculum) and prepare for the USE (Unified State Exam). Gennady Gagin entered college and joined the EC’s Group 12. Ekaterina Yushkevich, unfortunately, wasn’t able to continue her studies because of family problems. Aleksey Golubkin, Elena Orlova and Natalia Senina have been studying at the EC for several years. Olga Ovchinnikova and Denis Derkachev, who joined the group this year, were warmly accepted by the other students. All the students started the academic year with good results, but not everyone was able to finish it properly. Denis Derkachev wasn’t able to combine his day job and study at the education Centre. In March Lena Orlova stopped attending classes. Lena is expecting a baby and her health didn’t allow her to continue. However, she doesn’t want to fall out of touch with the EC, and is planning to resume her studies after the baby is born. This academic year Aleksey Golubkin did not take his studies seriously. Lesha missed many classes, especially Mathematics. The Teachers Council decided that he has to repeat a year in the 10th grade. Despite the failure in his studies, this year was very important for Aleksey in the world of work. Aleksey started working at «Starbucks» coffee store, as a result of the joint programme ‘Partners in Hope’ with ROOF and Starbucks. It is important for Aleksey to work, and he performs the duties of the barista very successfully.
Natasha Senina and Olya Ovchinnikova were responsible and purposeful about their studies at the Education Centre. Nevertheless, the girls have completely different cognitive abilities. Olya learned new material much quicker than Natasha and teachers had to work individually with each of the girls during class. The Teachers Council decided that Natasha will continue studying the 10th grade program next year. Olga, as a result of her own efforts, will study individually to prepare for the USE. The girls took active part in all EC events. Olya was Princess Vera in our performance of scenes from Lermontov’s novel “A Hero of Our Time”. We were also particularly glad to see the changes in Natasha. Natasha has joined both the Literature and Cross-Culture Club. Group 11 At the beginning of the academic year there were six students in group 11. This group was created at the beginning of the 2008-2009 academic year and included new students Anna Karshinskaya and Artyom Sokolovsky. In September 2009 new students Evgeny Bespalov, Ilya Serebryakov and Aleksey Sazonov joined the group. All the members of the group had a high motivation to study as they all wanted to receive secondary education. Of the students in group 11, Andrey Komarov didn’t attend a single class at ROOF during the 2009 – 2010 academic year, Zhenya and Aleksey often missed classes and Artyom missed some classes. However, all these students were mature enough to understand that regular attendance was necessary if they wanted to study well. There were no problems with discipline during the classes. However, many teachers noticed that it could be difficult to conduct lessons when only Anya and Artyom present: quite often they were impatient and interrupted each other and the teacher. Lyosha and Zhenya’s presence ‘smoothed over’ this nervous atmosphere. The reaction of all young people to criticism was adequate and, over the course of the year, the relationships within the group became more respectful. In January the group started falling to pieces. After internal tests Artyom Sokolovsky didn’t receive admission to pass ESU. Anna Karshinskaya stopped attending classes because of illness. Evgeny Bespalov and Ilya Serebryakov realized that they were not going to be ready for the USE and decided to discontinue their studies until next year. Alexey Sazonov and Maksim Mironov attended individual classes. Aleksey passed internal exams successfully, as well as the ESU in Russian, Mathematics and IT. Maksim passed the ESU on Russian and Biology. Aleksey and Maksim sent their ESU certificates to the universities: we are now waiting for their admission.
There were 25 students in the group. 14 students studied at universities, 5 â€“ at colleges, 4 were preparing to enter colleges and universities, Valentina Novikova studied in the 10th grade of the gymnasium. All young people, except Sergey Chusov and Stanislav Voevodin, are ROOFâ€™s graduates of different years. This group was created to help those young people who study in the higher forms of secondary school, at colleges, technical schools, prepare for their entrance exams or study at universities. The main peculiarity of the group is that most of the classes here are individual.
See Attachment 4. "Partners in Hope" programme. Classes.
At the beginning of the academic year these students requested help on the subjects, most difficult for them:
English, Operating systems, Mathematical analysis, Physics
Philosophy, Basic Sociology, Ethics, Political science, International law, Advertising, Literature, Logic, Conflict resolution studies, English, IT, Russian, Concept of modern natural science, consultations on writing the term paper
Algebra, Geometry, Ethics
History of religion, History of arts, IT, Russian, English, Psychology, Philosophy, Economics, Literature
IT, Basic enterprising
IT, consultations on writing the diploma paper
Mathematics, Law, Economics, Measuring technologies, Metrology, consultations on writing the term paper
English, Social advertising, Sociology
Russian, Mathematics, Biology
Algebra, Geometry, Physics
Russian History, Philosophy
Algebra, Geometry, Biology, English
History of Russia, Social studies, IT, Russian, English
English, Mathematical statistics
History of Russia, Introduction to theory and history of literature, Old Slavonic, Oral folk arts, Russian literature of the 18th century, Old Russian literature, Ancient literature, Practical grammar
IT, Computer programming, Mathematical analysis, Analytical geometry, Concept of modern natural science, History of Russia
Help during diploma paper writing and defense
These young people are highly motivated and determined. In order to enter universities they had to study hard and put a lot of mental and physical effort. They all were working and could prepare for their entrance exams only when they had free time. The example of these students is very important for the others. The existence of such group is a vivid example of an opportunity for our students to receive high-quality education. The fact that our students who graduated from ROOF during last two years entered colleges and universities made great influence on our older graduates. In September Sergey Roslyakov asked us to help him prepare for the entrance exams to university. Sergey is a graduate from a regular orphanage. We know him for a long time. For four years Sergey had been volunteering at ROOF’s International summer camp in Belskoye Ustye. This year Sergey, together with Maksim Mironov and Aleksey Golubkin, started working at «Starbucks» coffee store within the joint programme of Partners in Hope – ROOF – Starbucks. It turned very difficult for Sergey to combine work and preparation for the ESU. Having decided to learn new profession better, Sergey stopped his studies at the Education Centre. Our graduates do not forget ROOF, which makes us very happy. They attend ROOF’s clubs, parties and excursions. They come to ROOF to celebrate their birthdays and tell about their study. The students from this group initiated and prepared the performance on the play “Cinderella” by Evgeny Shvarts. See Attachment 5. The programme for the performance on the play “Cinderella” by Evgeny Shvarts The students from this group studied in the special regime. They all worked and/or studied, so they did not have fixed timetable. These students asked teachers for help whenever they had problems in their study. A teacher and a student agreed about the time when they would be able to meet. Most of the questions arose when students had their exams at university/college. As a result the number of academic hours was bigger during examination period (December – February and April – June). Dmitry Rostovsky and Maksim Mironov who were preparing for their entrance exams to university had a more fixed and stable timetable. The result of the work of students from Group 12 and Education Centre teachers was that our students settled into in a new academic environment easily, passed their exams successfully and advanced to the next year of their study. This year three our students from Group 12 have passed their entrance exams to university successfully. Dmitry Rostovsky entered Theological Department of Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University of Humanities, Maksim Mironov – the Department of Physical Education and Sport of Russian State
University of Physical Education, Sport and Tourism, Aleksey Sazonov – IT Department of Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology. The students from Group 9, Elena Vasina, Viktor Kartinsky and Denis Makarov are preparing for their entrance exams to colleges (that accept students who have finished 9 grades).
Character building The main results of our work are changes in our students. It is very important for us that coming to the Education Centre young people do not only expand their education background: for many of them ROOF becomes a new environment where they can communicate with other people, broaden their outlook, get new experience and change. The attention of the teachers and friendship with fellow students help them become kind, polite and sympathetic, believe in themselves and other people, become more self-confident and feel themselves full members of the society. Our students become more tolerant to each other, and, more importantly, to those who are weaker and more vulnerable. The programmes that let our students get acquainted with cultural heritage, history, art help them to feel a part of a wider community, believe in their membership of the society and their concern for the society. Besides education, ROOF’s teachers and other employees, volunteers, students and graduates of the EC take part in organizing the students’ leisure in the evenings and on weekends: !" !" !" !" !" !"
we celebrate parties all together; go on excursions, attend the Literature and Italian Clubs’ meetings; go to the cinema and the theatre; refurbish our classrooms together with our friends; endlessly drink tea and talk, talk, talk (All this happens in our free time!).
This all creates that special atmosphere at ROOF, which is ROOF’s main value and achievement. At our EC we have a wall newspaper «Under the ROOF», which is created not only by ROOF’s administration, but also the teachers and the students. In the newspaper the students shared their impressions, presented information they wanted to share with others. This academic year the newspaper reflected our students’ new hobby – chess. Young people themselves decided to organize and hold a chess tournament, which was reported in the newspaper. We have been working for the second year to create «ROOF’s Student Council», that could become an efficient body of student self-administration and help our students become more independent. We want them to feel their responsibility for everything that happens at the Education Centre. Young people themselves formulated the rules of conduct at ROOF, planned the duty schedule and controlled it. The next step is planning the expenses and buying products for everyday tea-drinking, parties and excursions. We are not successful at everything yet, but we work hard.
Clubs The Literature Club. Club’s moderator: Mikhail Sverdlov. In the new academic year the literature club, our oldest club, loved by everyone, continued its work. The club has run since the Education Centre was created and is a unique and successful (which was proved by 10 years of its work) methodical and pedagogical experiment. The Club where students and teachers can participate as equals helps to develop informal communication and create a special community spirit. The first few meetings were dedicated to the novel "Teenager" by F.M.Dostoyevsky. We read it during summer holidays. Students and teachers of ROOF's Education Center were eager to discuss the problems raised by Fyodor Mikhailovich in his novel. During next Glub’s sessions its members and guests discussed !" the novella "Lokis" by Prosper Merimee; !" the poems by Alexander Blok "The Stranger" and "In October"; !" the story "The Belvedere Torso" by Mark Aldanov; !" the story “Lifeless Beast” by Nadezhda Teffi; !" the story “The Albino” by Gustav Meyrink; !" the fairy tale about family happiness “The Cricket on the Hearth” by Charles Dickens; !" the story “When Greek Meets Greek” by Graham Greene; !" The story “Fire-eater” by Ivan Turgenev. The Club of Italian History and Culture Club’s moderators: !" Ulyana Shilkina !" Maksim Shmakov It was the fourth year that the Club worked. The idea of the club was born from the willing of several people to participate in the life of ROOF's Education Centre. Cross-Cultural Studies is a discipline that applies a complex approach to each country which is being discussed, and performs several functions – informative, developing, educational and practical. The fundamental principle of Cross-Cultural Studies is a thorough study of each country’s history and culture. During first two years our students got acquainted with life, history and culture of France, the third year was devoted to Great Britain, and this, the fourth year – to Italy. A new concept of the Club – «the outings», proposed by Ulyana Shilkina and supported by Maksim Shmakov, proved to be very efficient. During club meetings we watched and discussed movies, went to the theatre, art and architecture exhibitions, visited various historic sights, participated in master classes held by experts in various fields of art, listened to lectures and took part in discussions. Members of the Italian Club usually met on Saturdays, once a fortnight.
Our aim is not only to broaden our students’ educational and cultural background, but also to awaken their curiosity, their interest in peculiarities of modern life in a big city, their wish for self-education and self-improvement – their confidence in themselves and their abilities. Our students are always interested in new things, they ask many questions, participate in discussions, which proves that their abilities to learn are completely normal. This year during club sessions we visited: !" The exhibition of contemporary art «After Exclusion» at the Centre for Contemporary Culture «Garage»; !" the Festival of Italian Cinema: from Venice to Moscow. We watched the film "The Big Dream" ("Il Grande Sogno") by Michele Placido, which was personally presented by the director of the International Venice Film Festival Marco Muller; !" the theatre «New Opera» where we listened to the opera "The Barber of Seville" by Gioachino Rossini; !" a chamber concert by the soloists of Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra at Bazhenovsky Hall at Tsaritsino Estate Museum; !" the Moscow Kremlin museums where we learned that in Sobornaya Square the elements of Italian architecture are widely used; !" the exhibitions – “Industrial Archeologists,” by Bernd and Hilla Becher, “Half a Century of Photography,” by Sabine Weiss, and “Fall from Grace,” by Anthony Suau during the Eighth International Photography Month in Moscow “Photobiennale-2010”; !" Master class on Italian cuisine, held for us by Aleksey Zimin. Cooking Class at «Nestle» Our cooking classes at “Nestle” continued this year. The volunteers from “Nestle” invited our students to visit them. This time we were able to have our students’ favourite Cross-Cultural Club’s cooking session at Nestle’s kitchen. Aleksey Zimin again impressed our students with his recipes and stories about Italian cuisine. The most active members of the Club, together with Ulyana Shilkina and Maksim Shmakov, and guided by Aleksey cooked a goat’s cheese salad, risotto with mushrooms and a very unusual dessert from cheese and grape leaves. While our students were cooking new dishes under the guidance of Nestle employees, they were being told about healthy food. In a warm and friendly atmosphere our students (orphanage graduates who do not know how to cook) learned both how to cook and how to communicate with new unknown people. Next followed the most “joyful” part of this session – all together we sat at a big, beautifully served table and «ate» everything we had cooked.
Parties and Excursions Opening the New Academic Year – September 2009 The 2009 – 2010 academic year at ROOF’s Education Centre started on September, 14th. The opening event of the new academic year is a party of meeting our “old” students again and getting acquainted with those who are new to the Education Centre. It is time of hope and expectations. Young people are eager to study and receive their secondary education diplomas. The opening of this academic year was particularly joyful. We sent our congratulations to the graduates: Vikenty Ekimov, Aleksander Olkhovsky, Natalya Spasskaya, Gennady Gagin who entered colleges and universities; we were glad for them and made plans for the new academic year together.
New Year Celebrations – January 2010 On January, 29th we celebrated the New Year party at the Education Centre. The Education Centre students and their guests enjoyed warm greetings, nice gifts and delicious food. The most memorable moment was the performance “Scenes from the novel “A Hero of Our Time” by M.Y. Lermontov” prepared by our students under the guidance of the teacher, Svetlana Sysoeva.
Maslenitsa at the Education Centre. February, 13th 2010 ROOF’s students, teachers, volunteers and friends gathered at a party table to sample delicious pancakes (bliny), that Anton Shamarkin, our student Natalya Spasskaya’s husband made all by himself. Father Simon Stephens, the Chaplain of St. Andrew’s Anglican Church wished us a happy holiday. The pancakes were really great! Excursion to Serpukhov. March, 8th 2010 It was not the first time when the Education Centre students and teachers celebrated the 8th of March with excursion. This time we went to Serpukhov. The excursion was very informative. We visited several nice sites: Prioksko-Terrasny Nature Reserve, Vvedensky Vladychny women’s monastery and Vysotsky men’s monastery. We also visited the ancient part of the town, the Kremlin, and saw earthworks, where there were the walls of an ancient fortress.
The Easter Celebrations. 20th of April 2009
Father Simon and Father Peter wished all the Education Centre students, teachers and employees a Happy Easter and invited everyone to join the festive table. The Country Presentation. The Project “Cross Culture. Italy”. 9th of April 2010
During the academic year students under teachers’ guidance (individually or in groups) were working on some topic relating to the history and culture of the country they chose for consideration during Cross-Cultural Club sessions.
The teachers believe that work with presentations helps to broaden interest area of our students, teaches them work independently and develops such important skills as: • • • • • • •
defining goals and objectives of the investigation independently; using various sources of information; choosing necessary information; monologue skills development; public performance experience; presenting the results of the work as computer presentations; feeling the taste of self-work and creative work.
Working with their topics many students start feeling the taste of self-work and creative work. This year our general topic was the history and culture of Italy. At a final club’s meeting all Education Centre groups presented their projects. It was the third time when our students presented their works as computer presentations and performed in front of large and unfamiliar audience. Their performance differed greatly from the previous ones . While the students were preparing their presentations it was obvious that they were doing most work independently. In the first year all presentation topics were chosen by the teachers when the students made presentations about France, this year the students themselves chose the topics they were interested in, collected material and illustrations independently. What really made us happy was that our students watched and listened to each other’s presentations with great interest, asked questions and participated in discussion.
The graduation party. The 2009 – 2010 academic year. The graduation party is the most favourite holiday of the Education Centre students, teachers, volunteers and employees!!! This is the day of great effort and of the dream that came true! All students who received their diplomas that day were going remember this great event for many years. All young people deserved the warm words and congratulations they heard. As per ROOF’s EC long-term tradition all the students, who have successfully completed the academic year, were presented with the books. This year we had 14 graduates at our Education Centre. Alyona Vasina, Olga Gerasimova, Viktor Kartinsky, Victoria Kozlova, Ivan Lobov, Denis Makarov, Andrey Nikitaev and Yulia Chumakova had passed their final exams successfully and received their lower secondary education diplomas. Aleksey Sazonov had passed three USE exams (Russian, Mathematics and IT) successfully and received his upper secondary education diploma. Natlia Zaitseva, Tatiana Kuznetsova and Maksim Mironov graduated from colleges. Vyacheslav Muretov graduated from Moscow State Law Academy named after O.E. Kutafin and received the diploma in law. Anna Poleva graduated from RSSU and received the diploma in management. We are proud of our graduates! The Education Centre students and volunteers prepared their present for the graduates – the performance on the fairy tale “Cinderella” by Evgeny Shvarts.
See. Attachment 5. The programme for the performance on the play “Cinderella” by Evgeny Shvarts The performance was the most memorable event of the graduation party. Our students did it all by themselves – found a suitable play, held rehearsals, made decorations and chose music. The performance was outstanding, interesting and funny.
Traditional excursion outside Moscow and picnic where everyone received ROOF’s Tshirt. After the ceremony of handing out diplomas and graduation party at the Education Centre we went on an excursion and on a picnic. This time we visited Suzdal. The excursion was a final event of the Italian year at the Education Centre. We wanted to see the Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin upon the Nerl River, according to legend it was built by Italian craftsmen.
We visited the Suzdal Kremlin and Spaso-Efimiev monastery. During the picnic we handed T-shirts to the students, and tried to escape the heat swimming in the Nerl river.
Our Appreciation All the great things that happened to ROOF’s Education Centre in the 2009-2010 academic year would never have happened without our friends help and support! Our warmest thanks to: # The Chaplain of St. Andrew’s Anglican Church Father Simon Stephens, members of the Church Council, Church community and personally to Sara Harrison for your patience and a roof over our heads. # Father Pyotr Kolomeitsev for your long lasting friendship and prayers for us. We are grateful for the financial help to the companies:
And personally to: Nicholas Denny, Alan and Ellen Smith, Matthew Eastman, Diana McCelvy, Denise and Sasha Kirwan, Alexander Chapochnik, Liz Bearman and Edward Evans, Arkady Perlov. Many thanks to people from
for renovating our classrooms Anna Basistova, Viktoriya Kilimnik, Ekaterina Kim, Yulia Krylova, Olga Kucherenko, Galina Markotenko, Ekaterina Semerikova, Elizabeth Hunt, Natalia Volkova, Sophie Verschuur, Marius van Jaarsveld, Justin Clatworthy. Our personal and particular thanks to Yulia Kopysova, Vitalij Farafonov and Aslan Naskidaev. We are grateful for the support in job-placement of our students to the company
Thank you for your cooperation to:
Many thanks for your friendship, continuous support and cooperation: Anna Lukyanova, Uliana Shilkina, Maksim Shmakov, Graziella Pavone, Tatiana Pesotskaya, Elena Vikhornova, Alyona Konstantinova, Nadezhda Poglazova, Dmitry Valyavin, Valentina Likhacheva, Aleksey Zimin, Polina Filippova, Elena Zemskova, Ekaterina Brauer and Svetlana Skapenker, Tatyana Korableva and Elena Ivanova from Foreign Languages Centre «Globus International» (UK) in Moscow, Lia Dovgun, Aleksandr Mordvinov, Gleb Korneev, Sophie Maltabarow, Valery Ilyich Krasny and teachers from the Orphanage !4 – Zinaida Mikhailovna and Olga Ivanovna, Tatyana Denel, Lena Karin, Ekaterina Kurdyukova, Elizaveta Lego, Ksenia Britikova, Mekhty Alizadeh, Oksana Orlova, Aleksey Svakhin, Anastasia Shevchenko, Alex Harman, Sophia Kraftskaya, Alina Lobzina, Victoria Klimova, Vyacheslav Mikhailov, Svetlana Dobuzhinskaya, Vasilisa and Ruslan Orestovy, Ivan Yurchenko, Rena Yusibova, Ksenia Kuznetsova, Viktor Viktorovich. Thank you to the company:
Andrey Badera, Olga Prokhoda, Alla Rakhman, Olga Leonova, Irina Shapalova, Sopia Kiseleva, Anna Cherednichenko, Marina Shashkova for organization and participation in cooking classes, and for continuous energetic charge of our collective brain.
We are grateful to everyone who was with us this year. We have great plans for the next academic year. You are welcome to participate in their realization. THANK YOU!
Attachment 1. List of the Students from Groups !3-!12 at the end of the 2009-10 academic year
Group 3: 1.Valentina Bokova 2. Aleksandr Gavrilov 3. Andrey Gorshkov 4. Maksim Dorozhkin 5. Valery Lebedev 6. Irina Maslova 7. Vladimir Spigul 8. Sergey Sychev
Group 7: 1. Kamil Abishev 2. Anna Goltsova 3. Viktor Gorchakov 4. Mikhail Davydov 5. Sergey Egorov 6. Sergey Ermilov 7. Lyubov Kunaeva 8. Aleksandr Sadkeev 9. Maria Tatieva
Group 11: 1. Anna Karshinskaya 2. Maksim Mironov 3. Aleksey Sazonov
Group 4: 1. Irina Abramova 2. Igor Gogochkin 3. Seraphim Gurov 4. Olga Evsikova 5. Aleksandra Evstigneeva 6. Svetlana Kuznetsova 7. Vitaly Permyakov
Group 8: 1. Kristina Asmalova 2. Sergey Borisov 3. Nickolay Bocharov 4. Mikhail Sokolovsky 5. Vladimir Sukhov 6. Ilya Shimanchik
Group 5: 1.!"#$%&#' !()*+), 2. !+$-.#'- /*-$)&013. !.2)3#'- !,1%& 4. 4)(#5(-6#'- /()15. 4#&0+#' !1-$#(0, 6. 7)1*#'- 78"#'9 7. :-101- /*-$)&018. ;&#<01- =0*$#&0> 9. ?-+#'10*#' !()*+-13&
Group 9: 1. =-+01- /()12. @)&-+02#'- A(953. B-&$01+*0, =0*$#& 4. B#6(#'- =0*$#&0> 5. 7#"#' C'-1 6. D-*-&#' E)10+ 7. F0*0$-)' !13&), 8. ?%2-*#'- G(0>
Group 6: 1. Artur Andryushenko 2. Konstantin Astakhov 3. Dmitry Ivanov 4. Maksim Kozin 5. Mikhail Morozov 6. Viktor Simonyan 7. Dmitry Sovetnikov 8. Yury Shkudov 9. Sergey Shuldikov
Group 10: 1. Aleksey Golubkin 2. Olga Ovchinnikova 3. Natalia Senina 4. Elena Orlova
Group 12: 1. Vadim Altgovzen 2. Natalia Artyomova 3. Polina Bykonya 4. Stanislav Voevodin 5. Gennady Gagin 6. Irina Gvozdeva 7. Vikenty Ekimov 8. Natalya Zaitseva 9. Margarita Karabaeva 10. Aleksandr Korostelin 11. Aleksandr Kryuchkov 12. Tatiana Kuznetsova 13. Nickolay Kupriyanov 14. Sergey Levitsky 15. Vyacheslav Malykhin 16. Valentina Novikova 17. Aleksandr Olkhovsky 18. Margarita Polukarova 19. Sergey Roslyakov 20. Dmitry Rostovsky 21. Aleksey Sadovnikov 22. Sergey Smirnov 23. Natalya Spasskaya 24. Valentin Chaika 25. Sergey Chusov
Attachment 2. Teaching hours at the Education Centre during the 2009-10 academic year
Attachment 3. Timetable for the 2009-10 academic year
Attachment 4. Grant programme of "Partners in Hope" These students attended classes as per grant programme of "Partners in Hope": Dmitry Rostovsky was preparing for his entrance exams to Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University of Humanities, Maksim Mironov - for his entrance exams to Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport and Tourism, the Department of Physical Education and Sport, Nickolay Kupriyanov continued his studies as a 4th year student of Heat-and-Power Engineering College of OAO “MOEK”, Polina Bykonya – as a 2nd year student of Department of Humanities of RSSU, Vikenty Ekimov – as a 1st year student at SSIA. subject h/w teacher
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. March Apr May
16 20 20 12 16 12 9 18 12 16 10 12 14 14 8 8 8 9 9 12
16 16 10 12
16 14 8 12
46 49 61 47 52
50 52 108
Dmitry Rostovsky History 4h Social Sience 4h IT 2h English 2 h
Tikhomirova Tikhomirova Gridnev Kurdyukova
16 16 8 12
Vikenty Ekimov History of religion HIstory of arts Philosophy/Economics Russian English Anatomy
4 4 4
10 8 10
Maksim Mironov Maths Russian Biology
6 5 5
Guzenko/Zemlinskaya 26 16 12 28 28 Naumova/Starodubtseva 23 24 18 24 21 Popov 12 9 5 12 4
24 24 16
21 22 16
61 49 35 64 53
59 58 166
18 24 16
70 80 16
Polina Bykonya English
Concept of modern natural science, Philosophy, Political science, International relationships
Term paper/PR Russian
Lobzina Bocharnikova Ulyanova Guzenko Gridnev
Conflict resolution studies
12 12 20 20
8 4 6
15 32 26 44 20
15 12 6
Nikolay Kupriyanov Physics IT Law/Ecomomics Algebra in total:
Chugayeva Guzenko Tikhomirova
20 10 2 6 10 10
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. March Apr May
In total: 120 143 In total for the 2009-2010 academic year: 1598
131 221 171 125 216 197 274
Attachment 5. The programme for the performance on the play â€œCinderellaâ€? by Evgeny Shvarts