PERCEIVED SPACE & CONCEIVED SPACE Selected work of
PERCEIVED SPACE & CONCEIVED SPACE
Looking back at the value of landscape design between the
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“perceived space” and the “conceived space” in the field of vision, urbanism and the environment, i think it is a situation is a "post-
THE OVERLAPPED COMMUNITY --Transformation of contemporary community in China
modernism" value that is divorced from the practical mentality of functionalism. Therefore, landscape design is no longer just an avant-garde gesture of "combating against tradition", but dialing back and forth between various values and types, trying to define the uncertainty of these migrations from this complex phenomenon.
BROWNFIELD REGENERATION --Waterfront post-industrial landscape
From this perspective, the professionalism of the landscape profession in the development of more than 150 years has been trying to define (or deny) the professional connotation: "Landscape" does not equal to "Landscape Architecture". The former is a makeup artist who smears in order to consolidate and strengthen the power structure (reflected in the space structure), while the latter is a matter of human dwelling in a society in the environment, Economic, aesthetic, ecological and other aspects of the overall consideration. People extract materials from natural environment for their own needs, changing and defining the surrounding territory.
ODE TO THE FRONTIER --Resilient landscape in response to desert climate
THE OVERLAPPED COMMUNITY
“Today, the gridded and idealised urban space of the 19th century exists only on paper, superseded long ago by the autual dynamics of urban transformations.” James Corner PROFILE: Since China’s reform and opening up, a large number of collective housing has been built. Such homes have homogenized features, the same floor plan, the basement for bicycles and people with similar jobs. As social needs changed, young people began to seek better job opportunities, so they moved from Wuxi to Shanghai or Beijing. Such residential areas are only inhabited by the elderly and children of young people, and the community is aging. At the same time, many migrant workers came to Wuxi. Not only have some of the community's public spaces been abandoned, but also they are incompatible with the people who are currently living. This is not an example. Many communities of the same type have such problems. CONCEPT: The abandoned basement is a public space that can be reused. Transform the negative basement into a common space and integrate the entire community with landscape terrain.
LOCATION: WUXI, CHINA TIME: 2018.10-2018.12 Individual Work
Th eo nly en tra nc e to
Typical Chinese residential community 900M
the ba sem en t
Da rk a nd da mp un de rgr ou nd sp ac e
The Sukangri community is an 80-type apartment built in the 1980s. The first floor is the public bicycle parking lot. Because the transportation modes such as cars and shared bicycles are more convenient, few people ride bicycles, so the basement is abandoned. The people who live there are mostly retired old people and migrant workers.
TIMELINE Homogeneous population
Long live chairman Mao
Time is money, efficiency is life
1.Housing demand 2.Public ownership enterprises allocated housing 3.A large quantity of public house had been built
Economic Reform and open up
1.Community heterogeneity 2.Migration
Housing system reform
Low public housing usage rate
Commercial residential building
G B ra R uil ssla Co iver ding nd mm un ity circ 200 ula M tion
the lighting and ventilation of the space
contact inside or outside
The walls changed into column grid
independent of each other
Permeation and adjust the path 3. Space
A' 1. Increase
the penetration between spaces or integrate space
Break through the wall
Lower the height to form a ridge
Integrate space with terrain
1.Landscape introduced into the basement
3.Terrain shaping space
6 Basketball 7
10 2 3
Outdoor activities 9 4
Main circulation Minor circulation
3.Mirror edge pool
11.Waterfront space 12.Waterfront platform
14.Tree array 200M
Integrating indoor and outdoor with landscape In order to improve the problem of insufficient light under the building, a reflective metal material and a mirrored pool are added.
Multiple streamline enclosure spaces Different ramps and steps bring activities and landscape under the building, which creates different walking experiences and activities spaces.
"The permanent (re)invention of a new state of new forms adapted to a new economy of the location." Pierre Donadieu, "Spatial device"
PROFILE: Since ancient times, the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal has been an important transportation channel for China. With the increase in the use and transportation of fossil energy, this river has been greatly polluted. It is no longer the waterfront activity space of ancient people, but a modern cargo terminal. With the rise of faster modes of transportation such as high-speed rail and aircraft and the increased awareness of environmental protection, many terminals along the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal were abandoned. CONCEPT:As long as the ecological environment is restored, the abandoned dock is a good opportunity to transform into a waterfront space. Solving the problem of soil pollution and river pollution is the most important thing. Under the construction of a complete water circulation system, the use of trees and wetland plants has the effect of purifying water bodies and soils, and the use of water circulation to collect contaminated leaves and wetland plants, which saves manpower. Over time, the contaminated terminal eventually turned into a waterfront activity space. LOCATION: WUXI, CHINA TIME: 2018.8-2018.10 Individual Work
Container Cargo Ship
CAUSE OF CONTAMINATION
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal
Gantry Crane Railroad
The most serious pollution under the rails
Ship discharges pollutants along the route
1.Contaminants scattered by the train penetrate into the soil from the gaps in the rails. 2.Contaminants penetrate into the sides with rain. 3.The steam locomotive emits carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and coal dust due to incomplete combustion of coal.
1.Oil is the main pollutant in port waters. 2.Ship washing water for ships carrying toxic chemicals 3.Domestic sewage discharged from ships, such as toilet flushing, etc. 4.Dust spilled during loading and unloading can reduce water transparency
Current Section Canal Docks Blocking
CANAL CITY The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal has been an important transportation channel for China since ancient times and is also an important waterfront activity space for people. However, with the acceleration of industrialization, the waterfront space is no longer used by people, but is occupied by the docks, bringing huge pollution. The transportation efficiency of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is far lower than that of automobiles and airplanes, and the government began to control pollution, resulting in many terminals being abandoned. Due to previous industrial pollution, the soil contains many toxic substances that can no longer be used by people.
RECOVER STRATEGY STEP1
Extraction Outside soil
Intensive treatment Rainwater collection
Dilution Concrete capping
Phytoremediation Cleaning Diagram Stage1 Photosynthesis
Infrastructure Root uptake and contaminant removal
MASTER PLAN N 0M
FORM GENERATION Overall idea Overall idea
Extraction On site
The terrain constructs the entire site, forming a water circulation and repair strategy. After a period of repair, the pollution in the site will be reduced, and the terrain also provides a good waterfront space, and also provides an opportunity to deal with sewage or railway pollution in the city in the future.
Planting trees along the railway
Change the water cycle
Piled up in the channel
Forming new watercourse
Planting trees along the ridge
Rushing leaves to the collection
VEGETATION Wetland contaminant enrichment herb
Iris tectorum Maxim.
Wetland contaminant enrichment tree species Subsurface Wetland
Panicum virgatum L.
Oxygenation Pool Liriodendron chinensis
Sarg Ficus benjamina
Wetland anti-pollution landscape tree
Ginkgo biloba L.
Populus tomentosa Carr
Xylosma G. Forst
Wetland anti-pollution shrub
SECTION A-A Acorus calamus L.
Typha orientalis Presl
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn
Scripus validus Vahl
WATERFLOW SECTION C-C
A SECTION D-D
WATER CYCLE Pump
1' A D
The accumulated rainwater penetrates through the gap and forms a wetland environment. Wetland plants can purify sewage and soil. Landform Prototype Model, Veneer
Landform Model(modified in urban scale). White Foam CNC Milling
The pump draws water from the river into the reservoir, where the water gradually infiltrates into the ditch and is used to wash away the fallen contaminated leaves. The upper layer forms a green space and is integrated with the retained rail to form an active space.
ODE TO THE FRONTIER
"A landscape is not a natural feature of the environment but a synthetic space, a man-made system of spaces superimposed on the face of the land" J. B. Jackson, "The Word Itself" PROFILE: Zhangye city , Gansu province, China is in the desert region of the northwestern China .Because of the climate of desert area , Zhangye city is in area with harsh natural environment.The oasis in the desert is the basis for people’s survival. However as people unreasonably reclaimed land andirrational methods of water use ,natural conditions became more and more harsh.It was threatened by desert migration and land salinization at any time. Eventually it led young laborers to leave here and go to urban city. Because of this ,Zhangye city faced the problem of aging. CONCEPT: “Resilient landscape” was applied to disaster preparedness, especially the urban facilities to respond and recover from dangerous conditions. What we should do is making measure to deal with extreme climates and resilience mechanism of recovery measure. Also we should take action to adjust the distribution of local water resource.Great natural environment will attract more local people and strangers come here and guard the desert oasis. LOCATION: GANSU, CHINA TIME: 2018.3-2018.5 Team Leader
MECHANISM OF DESERT MOVEMENT
Main wind direction
AGRICULTURE AREA 1988
PROBLEM DESERTIFICATION Land type change of Zhangye city (%) change in the proportion of land used Desertification area
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
Wetland area Meadow area Forest area 1984
SALINIZATION Distribution of water resources in Heihe River Basin (%) change in the proportion of water use 95 90 85 10 5 0
Agricultural area Industrial area Domestic area Ecological area 2000
OVER FARMING cultivated area of Zhangye city (hmÂ˛) Changes in arable area 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18
The total area of arable land 0.21 0.20 Per capita cultivated area
0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
0.15 0.14 2014(year)
It was proved that this area has been dominated by agriculture.The weather conditon was positive related to the condition of the dynasty.Ecology affects agriculture and agriculture affects economy.
STRATEGY SCALE 100 X 100M
STRATEGY METHOD SCALE 800 X 800M
PRECISION & VARIABILITY Apply different strategies at different scales. It is strategy with a hierarchy that is the design.Under the precise design, although there will be different changes over time, such as the level will change, then the new strategy should be applied according to the new level.
Buffering measures made from deadman protect both the wetland and the animalsâ€™ habitat.Plants have a restoring effect on saline-alkali land.
When there is no dust storm, people can play in the sand dunes.
Wetlands provide water to farmland through closed conduit, reducing evaporation and reducing unnecessary irrigation.
Artificial and natural defensive measures protect animal habitats when dust storms strike.