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Sponsor: Azerbaijan, Rwanda, Togo Signatories: China, Guatemala, France, Morocco, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Nations

S/RES/2088 (2013) Distr.: General 10 march 2013

Resolution 2088 (2013) Adopted by the Security Council, on 10 march 2013 The Security Council, Commending the listing mechanism of the United Nations as well as the work of the Working Group on Children in Armed Conflicts, Reaffirming its resolutions 1296 (2000), 1314 (2000), 1379 (2001), 1460 (2003), 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005), 1674 (2006), 1882 (2009), 1888 (2009), 1998 (2011) and 2068 (2012), Reaffirming the importance of the Security Council Working Group on Children in Armed Conflicts and the crucial role of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children in Armed Conflict, Reaffirming its commitment to uphold the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including its commitment and respect to the principles of political independence, sovereign equality and territorial integrity of all States in conducting all peacekeeping and peacebuilding activities and the need for States to comply with their obligations under international law, Reaffirming its commitment to protect children from being involved in international and regional terrorism, Keeping in mind that the conscription or enlistment of children under the age of 15 or using them to participate actively in hostilities is classified as war crime by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Recalling the Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child argues: “Governments must do everything they can to protect and care for children affected by war. 1


Governments must not allow children under the age of 15 to take part in war or join the armed forces.� Reiterating the UN primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security and its commitment to address the impact of armed conflict on children, Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and the primary responsibility of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security, Taking into consideration the Geneva Convention and its Additional Protocols, the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, the Resolution 44/25 of the General Assembly (Convention for the Right of the Child), the Paris Principles and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Congratulating for the efforts made by UNICEF and other Non-Governmental Organizations, Further expressing its appreciation to regional initiatives on war-affected children, and further welcoming the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and to the work done by UN Recovering Programs for children involved in war actions, Stressing the UN determination to ensure respect for its resolutions and other international norms for the protection of the children in armed conflicts, Affirming the importance of taking care of internally displaced persons, safeguarding their right to family unit, psychological support, freedom and, above all, to durable solutions; Further emphasizing the importance of helping internally displaced persons in coming back home after peace has been rebuilt, above all children affected by war traumas in receiving the attention of specialized personnel, and general safeguarding them in order to let their reintegration into a peaceful space; Recognizing the importance of the strengthening of the listing mechanism of persisting perpetrators of the violation of children’s rights in armed conflicts, as stated in Annex II of the reports of the Secretary General on groups responsible for grave violation against children in armed conflicts (SC/RES 54/263), and calling upon all member states to support and facilitate the functioning of these bodies. The countries should foster their efforts to cooperate with them, Considering of crucial importance the punishments for war criminals, and the need of justice for people affected by war crimes, above all children,

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Emphasizing the responsibilities of States to end impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and others perpetrated against children, and prevent criminals to go unpunished, Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, 1. Strongly condemns the targeting of children in situations of armed conflict, including

killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction and forced displacement, recruitment and use of children in armed conflict in violation of international law, and attacks on objects protected under international law, including places that usually have a significant presence of children such as schools and hospitals, and calls on all parties concerned to put an end to such practices; 2. Calls upon the international community, namely the General Assembly, to negotiate new

international arms treaties in order to reduce the illegal weapons traffic, especially that of small arms as well as to raise the UN awareness on military spending.; 3. Stresses the importance of introducing more severe measures against impunity of

persistent perpetrators, also by strengthening the cooperation between the States; 4. Reaffirms its condemnation of the deliberate targeting of children in situations of armed

conflicts, and further reaffirms the responsibility of all States; 5. Urges all parties to armed conflicts to take special measures to protect children, in

particular girls, from rape and other forms of sexual abuse and gender-based violence in situations of armed conflict and to take into account the special needs of the girl child throughout armed conflicts and their aftermath, including in the delivery of humanitarian assistance; 6. Recommends the States to adopt legislative as well as regulatory measures to protect

children, specifically: a. By fostering measures for the prevention of children getting involved in armed conflict: a.i. Through raising awareness through campaigns among the population especially aimed at parents, a.ii. And draws the attention to the need of reducing the international market of illegal weapons, considering that if the amount of weapons that are sold is being reduced, fewer weapons will be in children hands, a.iii. By underlining the importance of the prohibition of recruitment of minors for military service, a.iv. Further encourages all members to adopt national legislation that imposes travel restrictions and bans with armed forces groups that are listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s Annual Report; 3


a.v. Urges the safeguard of schools and hospitals during armed conflicts, in

order to let them become “a safe place for civilians, above all children”, and requests free access of all humanitarian personnel and facilities into conflict areas; a.vi. Reiterates the need of more robust sanctions against war criminals, and the importance of “no-tolerance policies” in order to eradicate the plague of impunity; a.vii. Further demands the creation of ad-hoc courts to judge children accused of crimes separately from adults, granting the truthfulness of the judgment by referring them to the International Criminal Court, and by creating ad-hoc law to ensure all the points just mentioned; i.

By eradicating poverty: a. Recalls the importance of endorsing all activities of the relevant UN bodies in the fulfillment of the UN Millennium Development Goal no. 1 dealing with eradicating poverty, recognizing the link between poverty and the recruitment of child soldiers and the involvement of children in armed conflict,

ii.

By fostering education: a. Through providing free primary schooling , b. Through encouraging donors to increase funding for monitoring and reporting at the field level, in order to strengthen a closer collaboration among protection actors;

iii.

By underlining the importance of the contributions made and to be made by nongovernmental organizations through funding : a. Urges all parties to get involved into continual assistance of the states in conflicts, guaranteeing long term financial cooperation and facilitation of bilateral relations between the state in conflict and the donor country; b. Urges all member states, United Nations entities, and others to support financial, human, technical resources, national institutions, and UN agencies working to implement the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) and other related child protection activities; c. Calls for a cooperation with local and international NGOs, to ensure that efforts to gather and report information on violations against children, women and civilians are complementary; d. Further invites the aforementioned Working Groups to provide Reports at regular intervals, and more often if something relevant seems to be happened, to let UNSC take relevant preventive measures;

7. Urges the international community to ameliorate the process of Disarmament,

Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR); 8. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that personnel involved in United Nations

peacemaking, peacekeeping and peace-building activities have appropriate training on 4


the protection, rights and welfare of children, and urges States and relevant international and regional organizations to ensure that appropriate training is included in their programmes for personnel involved in similar activities; 9. Invites the international community to adopt measures by: a. Urging the imposition of targeted measures, focused on particular individuals

or entities that persistently violate humanitarian law or refuse to enter into dialogue, b. Considering it necessary to urge the development of efficient and appropriate means of supplying those areas under the plague of war with all of the provisions that may be necessary as a result of the conflict; 10. Deplores the exploitation of children in activities related to military activities by States. a. Calls upon the immediate demilitarization of children used as armed

combatants. b. Reserves its right, in case of failure to comply, to use necessary means to alleviate this humanitarian crisis; 11. Calls upon perpetrators of the use of children in armed conflict to be subjected to the

jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice; 12. Further urges the international community to recognize the cooperation with the

International Court of Justice on the issue; 13. Decides to integrate child protection provisions in all peacekeeping mandate; 14. Decides to remain seized on the matter.

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SC committee Resolution topic 1  

SC committee Resolution topic 1

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