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Assessment Brazil today*PAG 110* 1a. Recall. What European country colonized Brazil? R/ Portugal. 2a. Make inferences. Why did the colonists bring Africans to work on plantations as slaves? R/ They work for free. 3a. Elaborate. Why do you think the main basis of Brazil’s colonial economy changeover they years? R/ They were discovered new products. 1b. Identify. What religion is most common in Brazil? R/ Catholics. 2b. Explain. Why is so much of Brazil´s culture influence by Africans traditions? R/ because the slaves were Africans. 1c. Define. What is a megacity and what is an example of megacity in Brazil? R/Megacity is a giant urban area, Sao Paulo. 2c. Make inferences. Why might development in the Amazon cause tensions between Brazilian, Indians and new settlers?

R/ Because it destroys large areas of rain forest. 3c. Elaborate. How might life change for a person who moves from the northeast to the southeast? R/ The southeast is rich and northeast is poor.

Critical Thinking Write a main idea about each region in Brazil. Main ideas of the region The Southeast

Most people live there.

The Northeast The Interior

Many people can´t read and health poor. Is a frontier land.

The Amazon

Major portland and industrial city.

Section 3 Assessment Define. What is a gaucho? R// an argentine cowboy. Explain. Why is Argentina´s population mostly of European decent? R// because the country was colonized and settled by people from Europe. Identify. What is Argentina´s biggest city? R// Buenos Aires. Make inferences. What benefits do you think being part of mercosur brings to Argentina? R// It promotes trade and economies cooperation among the southern and caster countries, which is good for the economy. Elaborate. What are some benefits the informal economy provides, and what are some of its drawbacks? R// It help people who lost their jobs churning the economic crisis find work. But they do not play taxes to help support the government. Recall. Where is Uruguay´s capital located? R// On the north shore of Rio de la Plata, not far from Buenos Aires. Summarize. How has Uruguay´s location influenced its culture? R// because Uruguay is located between Brazil and Argentina, its culture has been influences by these larger countries.

Define. What does it mean to say a country is landlocked? R// IT is a completely surrounded by land. Explain. What is a Paraguay´s economy like? R// Agriculture is an important part of the economy, but much of Paraguay´s wealth is controlled by rich families and companies. Predict. What are some possible ways Paraguay may able improve its economy in the future? R//Use its resources more effectively; sell surplus electricity to Brazil and Argentina Critical Thinking Comparing and contrasting. Look over you notes on Uruguay and Paraguay. Then draw a diagram like the one here and use it to show similarities and differences between the two countries.



It was located

It was located in the North of the Rio de La plata.

They have hydroe lectric power.

In the south Is a landlocked City.

Assesment pág 128 1. A) Identify what is the main physical feature of Pacific South America? R// the Andes. B) Analyze how is Bolivia’s location unique in the region? R// Land lock. 2. A) Define what is El Niño, and what are some of ti’seffects ? R// El Niño an ocean and weather pattern that affects the pacific coast. B) Draw conclusions why are parts of Ecuador, in the tropics, cool than parts of southern Chile? R// because is the elevation. 3. A) Identify what country in this region has largest oil reserves? R// Ecuador B) Make inference why do you think much of the is not good for farming? R//There is not much flat land, the area is dry.

C) Elaborates what effects do you think copper mining in Chile might have on the environment? R// Mining can pollute water, may damage the land.


Cool whit No Vegetation

Cool whit no trees

Cool but potatoes And wheat grow

Conformable good for farming Coffee

Hot, humid with tropical rain forest

ASSESSMENT (pag 133) 1. A.RECALL what ancient empire built paved roads through the Andes? R//The Inca Empire

1. b. EXPLAINS what role did Creoles play in the history or Pacific South America? R// they were the principal leaders of the independence movements. 1. c. PREDICT How might the Inca Empire have been different if the Incas had had wheels and horses ? R// probably they had a better system to defend themselves against the Spanish. 2. a. RECALL what country has the highest percentage of South American Indians in its population? R// Bolivia 2. b. MAKE GENERALIZATIONS What aspects of culture in Pacific South America reflect Spanish influence, and what aspects reflect Indian heritage? R// Indian Heritage- language, music, clothing, religious festivals Spanish Influence- language, architecture, Roman Catholicism

CRITICAL THINKING Organize major historical events in chronological order.


By the early 1500s.the Inca controlled the area northern Ecuador to Central Chile.

In 1535, Spanish conquered the Inca Empire.

Chile , Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia gots its Independence in 1825.

Machu Picchu was discovered in 1911.

By the early 1800, people in Pacific South America began to want Independence.

Chapter # 5 *Pag 138 and 139* Review Atlantic South America Vocabulary, Terms, Places1 Estuary Rio de Plata Buenos Aires Buenos Aires has Rio de Plata that is an estuary. Megacity Favelas Aspects Aspects of megacities, like Sao Paulo, are the favelas. Gauchos Pampas In the pampas few people live as gauchos. Exhausting Deforestation Amazon River Soil exhaustion and deforestation is a problem that affects the Amazon River. Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo Manaus Sau Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are located in the south East are of Brazil and Manaus is located in the amazon Critical Thinking SECTION # 1 How are northern Brazil and Southern Argentina different? Northern Brazil is humid tropical and Southern Argentina is cool and desert. How might the region’s major physical features have influenced development and daily life in Atlantic South America? Rivers, Planes, and plated are good farming, and raising cattle.

SECTION # 2 What parts of Brazilian culture reflect African influence? Religion, Traditions, Food. What factors lead people from the northeast of Brazil to move to the Southeast? The north is poor so people move because they need jobs. Is deforestation of Amazon Rain Forest necessary? Yes, because there is more development. SECTION # 3 How is Argentina’s culture different from other South American Countries? There is a lot of European influence also they have a few native people. What is one difference between Uruguay and Paraguay? Paraguay is landlocked. As Argentina’s economy improves what might happen to its informal economy? It will decline as people are able to find new jobs. Reviewing Vocabulary, Terms, and Places. Atacama Desert– a desert in northern Chile that is one of the cloudiest and driest places on Earth. Lima –The capital of Peru. Quito –The capital of Ecuador Viceroy– A governor appointed by the king of Spain. Lapal–One of the capitals of Bolivia

Creoles– An American-Born descendant of Europeans Straight – A narrow passageway that connects two large bodies of water El Niño– An ocean and weather pattern that affects the Pacific Coast Coup-A sudden Overthrow of a government by a small group of people

Chapter # 6 SECTION # 1 What are climate and vegetation like on the altiplano? Cool, Vegetation shrybs and grasslands. What are two differences and one similarity between the Atacama Desert and the altiplano? Both are drier Both are cloudier No trees in both places What elevation zone would you choose to live in if you live in Pacific South America? Why would you choose to live there? On the third one because is humid

SECTION # 2 How have Spanish and native cultures left their marks on culture in Pacific South America? Roman Catholicism, Spanish languages , culture, clothing.

How did the Incas organize their huge empire? They had irrigation systems they had paved roads and suspension bridges. Why do you think Pizarro killed the Incas king even though he had received riches as ransom? Pizarro wants all the riches. SECTION # 3 What country in Pacific South America has the healthiest economy? Chile What problems in Ecuador and Bolivia cause Political Unrest? Poverty, dissatisfaction with government What would be some benefits and drawbacks of moving from the highlands to one of Lima’s “Young Towns”? Benefits – Jobs, escaping, violence Drawback – Lock of service leaving family.

Extra point social