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CITY CENTRE ROHINI, DELHI

IIT ROORKEE, B.ARCH THESIS SUBMITTED BY- ROHIT KUMAR


THE PROJECT Name of project: City Centre Rohini, Delhi

Type of project: Mix-Use (COMMERCIAL-CULTURAL) Location: Rohini, Delhi Client: Delhi Development Authority.

SITE AREA F.S.I GROUND COVERAGE TOTAL BUILT AREA MAXIMUM NO.OF LEVELS PARKING

64000 m.sq 1.5 30%

96000 15(including 3 basements) 1.14 car spaces per 92.9 sq.mtrs


AIM •

To create a space which can form the node for holding and experiencing commercial, cultural and social activities.

It is in a way a hybrid between a Convention centre or a Cultural hub and a Commercial centres at a much reduced scale.

As a City Centre requires to incorporate the demands the present demography asks for commercial and Cultural Hub.

ARCHITECTURAL CHALLENGES OF THE PROJECT: • • • •

To explore the symbiotic character of COMMERCE and CULTURE. Explore the inter-relationships of the spaces and the challenges of disparities cause by design which restrict spaces to particular segment of public . To evolve a contemporary model of conventional Indian market. The project would try to explore the possible integration of the functions which usually exist at larger distances

CONVETIONAL MARKET

+

CULTURE

CONTEMPORARY


• • •

IS THIS IS THE FUTURE WE ARE HEADING? ARE WE LOOSING OUR CULTURAL HERITAGE?? INCENTIVES FOR CONSUMER TO VISIT SHOPPING PHYSICALLY IN FUTURE???


LOCATION: DELHI, ROHINI ROHINI:

is a 30-year-old upmarket and welldeveloped residential sub city in North West Delhi in India, to provide composite society, for all income groups.

POPULATION:

NEIGHBOUR:

ECONOMIC STATUS:

2004-2005 census by planning Commission 29% of population lives below 25000 Rs/annum (BPL) 37% of population lives below 50000 Rs/annum (Lower Middle Class) 14.3% of population lives above 100000 Rs/annum (Affluent Families)

areas are Pitampura, Shalimar Bagh, Mangol Puri, Paschim Vihar, Narela Sub City, Mukarba chowk.

DELHI PLAN

Rohini (Phases I and II): Area: 2015 Ha., Population: 8.4 lakhs. Rohini (Phase III): Area: 1010 Ha, Population: 1.6 lakhs. Rohini (Phases IV and V): Area: 4533 Ha. (under planning-788 Ha.) population): 2 Lakhs.

ZONE H


SITE ANALYSIS RESIDENTIAL

SITE • •

TWIN DISTRICT CENTRE RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL

• • • •

Metro station in front of site make it easily accessible. Located in twin district centre a developing hub at centre of Rohini for commercial activities. Access Roads on 4 sides . SITE Dense residential area around the site.(majorly middle class) Grand public park and adventure land at north west side. Various high end malls and hotels in in proximity.

RESIDENTIAL Areas in proximity and well connected with metros,bus Pitampura, Shalimar Bagh, Mangol Puri, Paschim Vihar, Narela Sub City, Mukarba chowk, Shahbaad Daulatpur (Delhi College of engineering) and Bawana.

ROHINI

METRO LINE


SITE CONTEXT

BAAB AMEDKAR HOSPITAL

D MALL

APPROACH ROAD

RESEDENTIAL SKY LINE AT EAST

MULTILEVEL PARKING

CROWN PLAZA


CASE STUDIES CITY CENTRE KOLKATA

SELECT CITY, DELHI

BHIKAJI CAMMA, DELHI

NEHRU PLACE, DELHI

• AREA: 50, 400 Sq. Mt

• AREA:62, 800 Sq. Mt

• 4.67 LAKH Sq. Mt

• 3.23 LAKH Sq. Mt

CITY CENTRE KOLKATA

SELECT CITY

BHIKAJI CAMMA

NEHRU PLACE

• Mixed use • Essence of conventional Indian shopping markets • Open, clustered planning • Commercial+cultural+social aura • Built form • Public spaces and interrelationship of diverse activities.

• • • • •

Mixed use Linear, simplified planning Commercial+social aura Geometrical form Prominence of public plaza in front add to whole ambiance. • Efficient servicing facilities

• Mixed use • Clustered and climate responsive planning • Commercial+social+cultural aura • Scattered built form • Courtyard as public spaces • Excellent segregation of pedestrian and vehicular movement

• •

WHY??

• •

Mixed use Commercial + social + cultural aura. Connected streets and courtyard with public realm. Scope for informal activities.


PLAZA, PUBLIC

MINIMILISM, COLORS

CONVENTIONAL STREET SHOPPING KUND / PUBLIC PLAZA

BUILT FORM

N

PASSAGEWAYS

BUILDING FORM

UNCONDITIONED COVERED STREET SXHOPING


CASE STUDY: CITY CENTRE, KOLKATA N

GROUND FLOOR KEY OBSERVATIONS:

FIRST FLOOR

•Openings on Southwest and Southeast direction to facilitate tunnel effect between blocks. •Kund in southeast direction to have pleasing sun in daytime. •The interlinking corridors facilitate constant air circulation and end at the Kund space. •The Kund space is provided on the longer axia of the site to have maximum exposure to the roadside. •Segregation of activities through levels ,define uninterrupted user specific moment. •Spaces like Banquet hall, multiplex and hotels are planned at the periphery of the site. •Food joints are planned such that the View of Kund is ensured & vice versa.

SECOND FLOOR


MINIMALIST APPROACH LOUNGE/ RESTAURANTS: • Clean and clear façade without any ornamentation •Double heighted outdoor sitting • Simple square opening depicts function •Catered with view of kund • Implication of mild colors breaks monotony •Contributed to height hierarchy KUND: •Breaks monotony •Accessible from major intensity public region •Provides physiological relief •Breaks continues traffic movement •Breaks monotony of heighted built space

Air gets reflected within the kund region from heighted built forms .

SECTION

6m

SERVICES : Four numbers of underground water storage tanks Capacity : 2.5 lakh litrs (2 no.) And 4.5 lakh litrs (2no.)

Plan showing section line

4m

Detail of corridors


AREA ANALYSIS

Some services like air conditioning, O.W.S tank are provided at the terrace

Planters : •Landscaping elements surrounding court balance the open space space hierarchy (visually) •Small heighted planters do not restrict the vision

INFERENCES :

The activities linked together by means of linking elements, which not only satisfies the function of activity ,but also provides visual connectivity creates harmony. Concept of conventional Indian marketplace in replicated. The space, volume and form should be designed considering the types of enclosures and the circulation pattern. Nature of integration between built and open spaces , with the surrounding environment . Consideration of Orientation of the building, as it creates shades and shadows on the external surfaces. Obstructed servicing in staggered blocking planning. •

Not much scope for informal activities.


PLAZA + CULTURE

CASE STUDY: SELECT CITYWALK PUBIC SPACE •

Location- Saket District Centre, South Delhi

Type : Mixed use commercial

Plot Area- 15,884.5 Sq. Mt

Built up area-62,862.32 Sq. Mt.

Commercial Area – 24,281 Sq. Mt.

Retail Area (Multiplex & Mall) – 8498.3 Sq. Mt.

Landscaped Area – 15782 Sq. Mt.

ARCHITECTS : TEVATIA CHAUHA

ATRIUM

LANDSCAPING

STREET SHOPPING DESIGN ISSUES STUDIED •

• • • • •

Circulation

Interface Frontage Services Views and vistas Relationship between Open & built spaces


INFRENCES: • Being a high end commercial complex the grand plaza in front make it accessible to diverse segment of people.

• Hierarchy and strong interrelationship of spaces plaza-cooridorsatriums-shops. • Excellent servicing by rear side service lane and service corridors along the back. • No scope for informal shopping, more of contemporary less conventional essences. • Do not provide unbiased opportunity.


PLANNING CITY CENTRE KOLKATA VS SELECT CITY WALK


CASE STUDY: BHIKAJI CAMA • 2 LEVEL CIRCULATION ENSURES SEGREGATION BETWEEN VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT.

Location- South Delhi

Type : Mixed use commercial

Plot Area- 40 Acre

• PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT BECOMES CIRCUITOUS AT PLACES.

Built up area- 4,66,971 Sq. Mt.

Ground coverage – 50,051 Sq. Mt.

• PLANNING OF BUILDINGS AROUND SERVICE COURTS. INTROVERT DESIGN SCHEME.

• VEHICULAR CIRCULATION AROUND THE PERIPHERY. • ARCHITECTURAL CONTROLS REGULATE THE FACADES OF ALL BUILDINGS.


INFRENCES: Retail along the pedestrian movement spine, encouraging use of plaza.(planning) Staggered built form in plan and elevation, play of light and shadow.(aesthetically and climatically responsive)

Segregated pedestrians and parking in levels.(pedestrian vs vehicular) Sequence of open spaces intended to allow ppl to congregate.

Shops subservient to offices, fails to attract local shoppers. (mixed use building activity composition) Plazas and courts fail due to lack of activity.(diverse activities)


CASE STUDY: NEHRU PLACE PUBLIC

•Extensive shopping through and around streets and courtyard. •Scope for informal shopping with in courtyard •Public realm with in street and courts with a sense of enclosure. •Lack of cultural and recreational spaces make highly extensive shopping plaza. •Lack of opportunity for local people and diverse shoppers. •Heavy and rigid concrete boxes and linear planning.

STREETS AND COURTS

INFORMAL ACTIVITIES


COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS


I THINKING TO BUY A WHITE SHIRT FROM THAT MALL BUT” I FEEL LIKE A ALEAN THERE”

“DESIGN TO DISPARAGE DISPARITY” HIG

MIG

LIG


To explore the symbiotic character of COMMERCE and CULTURE. Explore the inter-relationships of the spaces and the challenges of disparities cause by design which restrict spaces to particular segment of public .


DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS

DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


UNITY

EVOLVING

PLANNING

Courts > plazas > Interconnected plazas

BREAKING MASSES


CONCEPTUAL DESIGN UNORGANISED MARKET

EVOLVED CONTEMPORAY MODEL

DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


HIERARCHY OF SPACES

Formal spaces > Semi formal spaces > Informal spaces

DESIGN PHOLOSOPHY

SERVING UNBIASLY AND UNITE THE REALM

Opportunity and comfort to each segment of people. (HIG>MIG>LIG)

A COMPOSED DIVERSITY

Diverse interconnected activities presented as a whole to serve the society .(shopping, dine, play, recreational, cultural, cinema etc)


DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

CASE STUDY INFERENCES CONSIDERATION:

SITE CONTEX AND CONSIDERATIONS: • Preferred entry for hub, office and hotel. • Central views and vistas from various focal or nodal point points. • Major three directions for public plaza entrance.

MOVEMENT DIAGRAM

• Prominence of public spaces with perfect blending with commercial activities so as to add cultural essence in commercial complex. • A close interrelation of spaces different activities, plazas, courtyard, pedestrianvehicular flow and their composition in built mass. • A well composed and optimized existence of different function to avoid over prominence of one, in mixed use development.

CLIMATIC CONSIDERATIONS: -Tunnel effect is created in corridor. -Mutual shading by placing higher locks on s-w side with high building mass. -Central courtyard remain in shade. SUN PATH

WIND TUNNEL EFFECT


`


ACTIVITY, SPACES, BUILT FORM “Built masses sustain different activities and activities make those built masses to evolve and come out to be a master piece for humans .�


VASARI WIND TUNNEL ANALYSIS


SHADOW ANALYSIS • MAY-9 AM • MAY-1 PM • MAY-4:30 AM

DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


ZONING MASSING


ZONING MASSING


ZONING MASSING


ZONING MASSING


ZONING MASSING CULTURAL MULTIPLEX

RECREATIONAL FOOD SQUARE

EXHIBITION

HOTEL

COMMERCIAL (LOW DENSITY)

ENTRY PLAZA COMMERCIAL (MEDIUM DENSITY)

OFFICES


INTERCONNECTED PLAZAS FOOD SQUARE: it s provided

with different variety of food spaces with ample area for sitting and informal food stalls

Prominent with RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES like exhibition, performances, multiplex, indoor games etc.

EXHIBITION

CULTURAL

FOOD SQUARE OFFICES

MULTIPLEX RECREATIONAL

COMMERCIAL (LOW DENSITY)

This plaza house diverse activities and serve as a node which joins different functions and can be used for any informal activity LIKE MELA, PERFORMANCE, FESTIVAL FUNCTION etc and connected plaza will act

ENTRY PLAZA

To enhance the overall experience of Shopping ,with various landscaping feature and a series of open, semiopen, and closed spaced to complete the hierarchy.

COMMERCIAL (MEDIUM DENSITY)


Controlled/organised Surprise

A strong visual connection with other plaza and areas which will guide the movement. ENTRY PLAZA VIEW A closed interrelation of open, semi open and closed spaced to house various formal and informal activities. Staggered built form , relation to human scale. Water bodies along the direction of air flow- Thermal comfort


DESIGN : CONCEPT> PHELOSOPHY> DEVLOPMENT> UNDERSTANDING> DETAILS


SITE PLAN CLIMATIC FACTORS -Tunnel effect is created in corridor. -The building form shades the pedestrian streets during daytime , as building height is more than the road width. -Central courtyard remain in shade. PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT -The pedestrian movement is accessed along tree main axis and via metro station also road. -Comfortable inner circulation through wide corridors of 4m. At ground and 1st floors. VEHICULAR MOVEMENT - As site has main road on four sides it is easy to provide different access to office hotel and main public complex. MASSING -The staggered pattern is adopted to create stepped terraces at northern faรงade


CULTURAL

FOOD

GROUND FLOOR PLAN


GF- MEDIUM DENSITY SHOPPING  Perforated entries from road side are provided to have inviting appeal and barrier free spaces .  window/ barrier free shopping ------ reviving the essence of street shopping market. Shops around public plaza creates a strong interrelationship to provide rich experience.


VIEW FROM SHOPPING PLAZA


VIEW- SHOPPING PLAZA


GF- HIGH END SHOPPING / MULTIPLEX High end shopping with more controlled environment . Strong visual and physical connections with proximate activities and plazas . Disc, mac-d and book café will balance the penetration of crowd in complex with multiplex on upper floor. Theatre gateway is highlighted by planning important activities beside it.


THE USE OF ORDERED BASIC GEOMETRIC FORMS, STRAIGHT LINES AND PLANES TRANSFORMS INTO THE BOLD FORM AND ACCENTUATE THE YOUTHFUL EXUBERANCE.

VIEW- SHOPPING PLAZA


GF- CULTURE + FOOD Multi level food square with small stalls outlets and food stalls of famous regional food chains. Health and recreational activities with auditorium, multi purpose halls and exhibitions hall at upper floors. Rentable spaces for Exhibitions with transitions from open semi open and closed spaces with a strong connections .


VIEW- FOOD SQUAR


VIEW- EVENT PLAZA


FIRST FLOOR PLAN


SECOND FLOOR PLAN


PARKING BYE-LAWS:1.14 car spaces per 92.9 sq.mtrs Total built up area- 90500 M.sq. Cars: 975*1.14= 1100 (900 basement, 200 ground parking) Basement Area required= 900 * 30 = 27000 M.sq. Add 10% for two wheelers= 29, 700 2 BASEMENTS REQURIED CONSIDERING 5000 M.SQ HYPERMARKET AND STORAGE FACALITY IN BASEMENT.


BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN


SECTIONS


ELEVATIONS


• •

• • •

Perforated entries from road side are provided to have inviting appeal and barrier free spaces . window shopping ------ reviving the essence of conventional street shopping market.

Grand and welcoming entry of complex as viewed from adjacent main street(crowded) of twin district center. Change of levels, dynamic facade , and shadows make the entry view more magnetic. Use louvers on south and s-w facing façade and


• • • •

Excellent staggered effect contributing to excellent urban spaces. Visible activities and public realm which is finely integrated with built masses . Visual linkage between the street and built form is achieved . Dynamic façade/ Shadows/ Pergolas/ Grandness/ Built form creates interest.


VIEW- ENTRY SHOPPING PLAZA


VIEW- SHOPPING PLAZA


VIEW- FOOD SQUARE


VIEW- EVENT PLAZA


THANK YOU

Thesis presentation 2013  

B.Arch Thesis Presentation