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Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism

ABSTRACTS Bhutan has been known for its unique architecture. Bhutanese architecture like Dzongs1, monasteries, temples and houses have a distinct character from those of other Himalayan countries. In effort of maintaining this features, the country is still the same. The designuse of material, form, context, plans and elevation are duplicated stretching from east to west or in between. This duplication has created imbalance between the architects and the policy in the country. Architectural scenario in the country is restricted by the political and traditional beliefs. The design practiced in the country is philosophic design in which the contextualism is used to provide the meanings that are embedded in the context of the historical architecture. "However, the technical aspect of building, arguably, is not as important as the symbolic value that is carried out by each particular building."2 It clearly says that the practice of symbolic context is prevailing in the country. It is much more clear in towns and the cities of Bhutan that the contextualism is taken in much more abstract or in symbolic way. The young professional architects in Bhutan claim that only when the old is physically preserved and the new physically inherits traditional characteristics and the cultural meanings embodied in the physical entities be better preserved.

1 2

local name for Fortress Happiness and architecture by JÄ nis Dombrovskis, page 3 of 4.


Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  

It is the combined ideas of people, who thinks that Bhutanese Architecture has many different perspectives if we look into. Nation's goal...