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Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism

APPENDIX 1 Name of the




of vernacular materials. - The use of old traditional techniques in construction. - The use of context as per the need of the buildings.

- Use of concrete and the steel has dominated the market. - Concrete jungle. Falsification of facades and paintings - Importing of materials. -Political restrictions in creative architecture.

Architects just following the general lines of his own original composition, without following old style, than every building within its own walls tells the story of its long life.

- Modern architect should not be illogical, living in one age and choosing a style from another! - While building, giving the resemblance of the past buildings, has created a repetition.


Authors/ Architects.

1. Ar. Sonam Tobgay.

2. Thomas Hastings (Author)

-need builders and architects at larger scale to play a pivotal role. -Country needs infrastructures in almost every field to usher a new era of development.

-Why should we not be modern and have one characteristic style expressing the spirit of our own life?

- The best Gothic work has been done and cannot be repeated. 3. Ar. Jānis Dombrovskis

4. Marc Dujardin. (Author)

-The policies designed to assist the development of the country based on the ideals as they are currently set forth in the development strategies. - First building in the country was Dzongs. -Making extensive use of new building materials and technologies to ‘copy’ typical features and fragments of dzongs.

Importance of symbolic values than actual site context. - Introduction of nonnative material in the country. - Impact of this change of materials?

-No work in black and white in the past. rammed earth technology and the abundant use of timber were increasingly Discouraged.

-Morphosis and Asymptote firms approaching each design problem, Philosophical aspects attempting solutions to social, spatial, and other questions.


traditions and culture in terms of better technologies and constructional materials.

Table 3. Literature review analysis


Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  

It is the combined ideas of people, who thinks that Bhutanese Architecture has many different perspectives if we look into. Nation's goal...