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Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism

Innovation is define in so many ways, what I have seen after interviewing some of the local architects and the professional that the upgrading the use of steel and concrete in the construction over the tradition construction, which total changed the scenario of the country(rammed earth construction to concrete steel construction), just a imitation of the old tradition. Even though which were already popular in the advance countries, is a false interpretation. Whereas, if you bring out a better solution which fulfill the need of the present requirements without compromising the future needs at the effective cost is innovation, that's how I define. I am not against the use of cement, steel and other modern materials, but I doubt the extensive use of those materials can be a danger in long run. The use of the modern materials should be minimise and encourage the use of local materials which are available almost on sites. This will not only be more vernacular but also helps the country to restore the tradition and eco-friendly. Some of the examples that can be given more attention while construction and proposing materials for construction are: 1. Cement Stabilized Rammed Earth, Soils for cement stabilized rammed earth tend to have proportionally higher sand and gravel content and correspondingly lower fines content. For example, a mixture should have sand content, at least greater than 50% and preferably closer to 75%, and at the same time low clay content, typically less that 20% and minimum amount of cement (5%-10%). It is strong, and durable. Earth is one of the most sustainable building materials on earth. There are various advantages when using cement as a stabilizer. High levels of cement stabilisation improve the surface coating and reduce erosion (Walker, 2000) while increasing the cement has a considerable influence in improving the resistance of soils vulnerable to frost attack (Bryan, 1988). 2. Fibre Stabilization in rammed earth, Fibres are used to improve the thermal performance and bending and tensile strength of soil. Natural fibres used include straw, sisal fibres and timber. According to Standards Australia (2002), the ideal soil for fibre stabilisation should have a plasticity index between 15% and 35% with the liquid limit from 30% to 50%. One

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Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  
Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  

It is the combined ideas of people, who thinks that Bhutanese Architecture has many different perspectives if we look into. Nation's goal...

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