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Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism

2. Samtse. a) "Then" Samtse is one of the hottest place in Bhutan, which lies in the southern foothills. In the past the traditional practice or techniques to resist the extreme heat and rain in summer were totally different from the other parts of Bhutan. In the roof, people used thatched roofing. A tall grass, locally known as Sheru, is used to make the thatch roof. People cultivate the grass in the fields, which are locally available and cheap. It acts as a waterproof

Figure 5 Thatch roof construction. Photo courtesy: Kuensel

surface and heat insulator. “We have to press the grass with a bamboo post and tie it with bamboo. Then the wind will not blow off the roof. If we tie the grass properly, then the roof will last for four to five years,�17 says, Sar Man Rai (practicing traditional construction) To support the house structurally, use of timber and bamboo columns were common, which are well treated using local chemicals to avoid any damage to the material by termites and rain. The Houses used to rest on stone foundation and the plinth. The stone foundation with mud filling were sustainable practice, in which the stones and earth available during the

Figure 6 Samtse traditional House Photo courtesy: Kuensel

construction were reused to construct foundation. Then on top of the mud flooring paste of lime water and cow dunk were apply on the flooring to avoid termites and unwanted growth of grasses. In traditional adobe walling, people used wooden or bamboo battened framed windows and doors. The houses were plastered with mud, keeping the room cool in the interior and Lime whitewash.


Reference from Kuensel (newspaper in Bhutan).


Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  

It is the combined ideas of people, who thinks that Bhutanese Architecture has many different perspectives if we look into. Nation's goal...