Page 24

Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism

6. Elevation

7,656 ft (2,320 m)

850 ft (260 m)

600 m to over 4000m

7. Population




(2005 census) Table 1comparision between three different zones in Bhutan. ARCHITECTURE FEATURES. 1. Thimphu. a) "Then" In the past the houses in the capital city of Bhutan were almost constructed of local vernacular design adapting the surrounding and the natural environments. The houses had Stone foundation with Thick rammed earth or stone masonry walls making the exterior of the structure. In the interior of the house, timber is

Figure 2 Traditional Thimphu House. Photo courtesy: pinakie_slg

used lavishly for flooring, windows, doors, stairs, balconies, columns, beams, ceilings and other structural elements. In some of the houses the inside walls are made of bamboo matting covered with plaster to keep the rooms warm in the winter, acts as thermal insulation. The most of the houses were constructed without nails, instead tongue-and-groove joints in construction. The plan of the houses used to be simple regular form with open or semi-covered courtyard in front of the building. The interior spaces were normally laid out in squares and rectangles in straight lines. The roofing had wooden shingle called as Shinglep which have three to four layers, are held in place with small stones and have large open breezy spaces under them. The typical construction materials used in traditional Bhutanese houses are timber, stone, clay bricks. The House were build in the lower part of the mountains or in the plains, with proper sun direction and adjacent to steam.


Dissertation: Literal Duplication, Liberal Contextualism  

It is the combined ideas of people, who thinks that Bhutanese Architecture has many different perspectives if we look into. Nation's goal...