Page 1


success on his ability and the com bined abili ties of him sel f and his sm allgroup of equals.Having been to the inner core of Archaic M an and absorbed som e aspects,m y atti tude

to tools and survivalobjects Iike boats

is thatthey m ust 'w ork'.They m ust not failw hen needed. But that is not all;in this ''Inner W orld''there is an inner harm ony of

Iife,which alIworking objects,as well as being practical,m ust 1ry lo absorb or reflect.Archaic M an believed that

practicalobjects had M ana orMagic w hich enhanced their use.This enhancem ent of Archaic M an's

utili tarian objects is now highly prized LEADING ARTICLE Recently Ihave received two separate visi ts from Germ an Polycat builders w ith this problem : 'How do w e form a m utualassistance group am ongst Germ an buil ders w ithout it degenerating into a club?' 'For Germ an builders the term 'club' im plies pom pous organization,rank/ hi erarchy, restrictive rules and attitudes that are the opposite of w hat m akes M en decide to build a W harram catam aran.As Dirk Schlatow,one of the Germ an builders, put i t: '1am m ad - aIIGerman builders are m ad!' ln the M ay 1986 issue of 'Yachting M onthlv',page 86,is a reference to w hat is now ,after nearl y 30 years,a Trinidadian 'Folk M em ory'that Iam m ad orat Ieast Iwas in my pioneering days. The ancient Greeks called this type of madness 'Divine M adness'.In schools w e are taught how logicalthe ancient Greeks w ere,developing rationalthought,Iaw s,m athem atics, geom etry.How 'balanced'they w ere. In fact,the sam e rationalGreeks pursued,at the sam e tim e as rati onality,religious m ysteries that took them deep into their inner selves to find a w orld that w as different than their everyday surroundings. Because they consciously developed BOTH sides of their personality,their 'balanced'outlook is stillbeing rem arked upon today. The inner m entalw orld of M an is a vast realm .Libraries are fullof books on philosophy, religion and psychology trying to describe it. Ihave been into this world by severalroutes and one thing Iam certain of is that in m any of us, at the core,is A rchaic M an, Now ldo not want to rom anticize the Archaic M an for Iam certain he could be displayed as crude, brutal, cunning (though m odern rem nants of A rchaic M an,Iike the Bushm an,seem to suggest otherw ise).W hat is certain is that he Iived his Iife in practical creativity.He m ade things - tools, shelters, rafts, boats.He personally controlled his im mediate environm ent. He took chances that depended for

and exhibited in m useum s under the nam e of Art! Have patience w ith m e,Reader, in thi s exploration of the Divine M adness of W harram builders,for it ties into som e hard rationalfigures of here and now ,that give light on w hich w ay the Germ an and builders from other countries,can see them selves and their relationships w ith other m ul tihullgroups. According to a recent survey, conducted by the Am erican 'M ultihull' m agazine, 76% of w ould-be m ultihull ow ners w ere interested in cruising! According to some recent published figures by other designers of self buil t boats as to their sales, it seem s that, excluding the Arthur Pi verdesigns, w hose figures Ido not have and w ere artificially obtained by totally false advertising,w e outsellthem by a ratio ofabout4- 5 to 1.(Self-builtboat designs sellin the hundreds,to the

tens ofbuiltboats.) Therefore, 76% of m ultihullsailors

(excluding the day racers)are cruising

ori entated,we,within this majority group,seem to be THE majority.

W here this places us in num berin the overallnum ber of m ul tihullsailors

(again excluding the day racers) cruising and racing,Ido not know, but it is certainly the Iargest size group of m ultihullideas in the historyl of m odern m ultihulls and has influenced the developm ent of m ultihulls as a practicalseagoing vesselfor aII incom e groups. A m ark of the Archaic, or the Divine M adness M an,has alw ays been ram pant individuali sm .They stand alone,m aking theirow n deci sions,using a sentence Ihave: often used: :1am my ow n m an' Therein Iies theirw eakness,for history show s that single individualists,no m atter how strong or correct,usually succum b to group organized individuals. One section of the w orld of m ultihulls is highly organized,the 24% racing sector.It has to be.To race, they aIIhave to start together, go in the same direction,agree on this and that,this m eans rules, people to enforce the rules,so on and so on.

In the world of m ono hulldesign there increasingly are yacht m agazine articles that point out that the racing m ono hullhas m oved so faraway in design and attitudes from the cruising m ono hull,it is no Ionger correct to w rite or say that 'racing im proves the breed'.ln fact articles are being w ritten to say the reverse.Racing m ono hullideas are having a bad effect on m ono hullcruising design. As one m ono hulldesign com m entator said 'the racing tailis w agging the dog'. In m ultihulls the danger is alw ays that the racing tailw ill'turn the dog over!'Overthe last 4/5 years has com e a developm ent of professional m ultihullsailors,and races run for them .This is great fun and,as Iong as they are clearly defined as Grand Prix racing m ultihulls, w hich,through the Iogic and clarity of the French they are, in theirClass titles Iike the Form uIa 1, Form uIa 2,Form uIa 40 and Form ula 28,then they are no threat to us.

Now,racing m ul tihulldesign is easy,in som e w ays,com pared to cruising m ultihulldesi gn. Design on one Ievelcan be described as a choice or selection of options.ln a racing m ultihullyou have only one m ain opti on,SPEED ,w hich is obtained in a sim ple basic form ula.M axim um sailarea to m inim um w etted surface, m inim um w eight.A Iong know n,w ell tried,form ula that,in the past,has produced Day Racing catam arans Iike the fam ous 20'O LYM PIC TORNADO. To turn the day racing TORNADO Aypq into a 40'60'80'offshore racing catam aran requires engineering skills at high cost. ln recent years 'engineering'designers have been attracted into the w orld of m ultihulls forthe high fees and theirability to solve the engineering problem s. In racing design it is not alIhigh fees and sim ple engineering.If you failto produce a 'w inner' , w hich m ay not necessarily be the 'engineering' designers fault but due to sponsors not providing sufficient m oney,orto the crew not being up to the standard of the othercrew s,then you are very quickly a 'has been' and short of fees. M any ofthese 'engineering' designers are now discovering the cruising m arket.Unfortunately,one thing a racing m ultihulldesigner has low on his Iist of priorities is capsizing/stabili ty.It com es w ay'w ay behind speed,for in racing,capsizing is the racing crews problem . How ever, in cruising design,capsizing is at the top of the Iist of priorities and is the designers'problem . M any readers w illnow be asking them selves,w hat has aIlthis got to do w ith Dirk Schlatow and Divine M adness.Patience, i t w illbecome clear.

continued on page 4

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


*

TheMagazineof' thePol ynesi anCatamaranAssoci ati on

c@n'e>'*J oa stat

1'

l

o aska t ru jsjn g zz rek k n *n g < b sy aia li n ug anA-A Vn Ato Nn Tiorovui n la dl b Sapain(xARA.ukIv)

Py b l an Jn ame i ngs th Wh eCao rr aa sm talTrekLifestyl e

B u nt e d nn * g

The Case for the econom icalCruises by Francis Douglas (HINEM OA) CoastalTrekking to w indw ard by Richard Bum pus (HINEM OA) M ore Travels in M oreton Bay by M ike Ricks (TIKI21)

10

Uy b siMi ngkb eoR thi cH ks ands

14

Building,Launching & Sailing a TIKI21

16

byFriedric:pacshen

eean

l

*

12 13

Thoughts on Building a NARAIM k IV by M arten von Jena Tjae building of a CAPTAIN COOK in the Philippines bY Jerem y Ladd Cross

, **l *'er*

F jsh ja g

zz 24

z:

zg

ru # **#D * # 18 NEHS FROM SEA PEOPT. E 3@

Caribbean to Panam a & Panama Canal

The Sea People has been edited by a group of Sea People: James W harram Secretarialand EditorialAddress: Hanneke Boon 'Jam es W harram Designs', Ruth W harram Greenbank Road, Friederika Blair Turner Devoran,Truro, Nick W ebb Cornw allTR3 6PJ, U.K.

Chairm an : Robin Fautley Secretary : (tem porarily)Ruth W harram Treasurer : A ndrew Beard Printed by Cornw allLithographic Printers Ltd. Copyright : 1986 by 'Sea People/sailorm an'

CoverPhoto: M odern offshore m ultihullsailing began with the Frenchm an Eric de Bishop who sailed his 39 - 40 ' catam aran Kaim iloa from Haw aiito France in 1937 - 9.A! thq age of 16 he inspired m e (and others)to one dav sailthe seas on a ship stvled on the Ancient Polvnesian double canoe. In recent vears the French once m ore are taking up the Iead in offshore catam arans.A sizeable num ber are building W harram s. The coverphoto is the PAHI3 1 of Christian Gerber and Catherine Soares who w rote a 4 page article in Loisirs Nautiques on their building experiences.The photograph alongside is PAHI 31, 'LONO'of Chantaland Jean-M arie PotiĂŠ being Iaunched. Sq/tlEuropean Polvnesian catam aran owners m ust trv to

overcom e ourIanguage diffference problem s.Perhaps an interchange of children/voung people on Ianguage Iearning sailing holidavs?

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

3


continued from page 2

building,a pai d building inspector etc., etc.

There is a new crop of cruising m uI tihuIIdesigns com ing on the m arket, by racing-influenceddesigners,that w illcapsize in the hands ofthe average cruising fam ily. This is very easy to see,as sim ilar racing based 'cruising' boats of I ow stability have been on the m arket before in the 30 yearhistory of m ultihulls. The public visualim age ofthese boats capsizing, has always harm ed the rest of the stable cruising m ultihullw orld.

W hen,orm ore bopefully if(1F,for

itwould be nice,on this subjecl,to be totally w rong),this new w ave of 'cruising' m ultihullcapsizes occurs, from past history,there w illbe public/governm ent enquiries, suggestions of control,perhaps com petence exam inations, extra equipm ent for the upside-dow n boat, doors in the hullbottom s,insurance difficul ties,distance restrictions to sail from the coast (sim ilar to those in

France),regulationsagainst self

*

exlusive group.Affiliate orjoin with your nationalm ultihullorganisation.lf it is no good,try to change it.If you cannot,then have som e contact w i th otherstable multihulldesigners Iike, forexam ple, Prouts,1an Farrier and m any others. Organized, i f the capsizing and subsequent dangerous com m ents occur,you w illbe in a visual, audible public position to say 'capsizing is not a specialproblem of the m ultihull,but it is a recognized problem of a certain m inoritv type of m ultihulldesign phil osophy'.

l

Our F/&/21 being readied for a trailing trip of approximatelv 8OO m iles to the M alaga - Gibraltar M editeranean coast.M attresses,bedding, sea clothes packed in w aterproofbags,cooking gear, in plastic 4

@ @

So my advice to Dirk Schlatow and the Germ an builders and other W harram sailors of various nalionalities is: How ever afflicted w i th independence/D ivine M adness,form yourselves into m utualself help groups,exchanging help and ideas. Use the 'Seapeople/sailorm an'as the internationalcom m unication Iife Iine, but do not becom e a w ithdraw n,

..

CATAM ARAN S from the Iorgestto the smallest welcom e on tidol moorings

olongside ietty with woter and electricity. Convenient Shoreham Station ond Horbour entrance. W rite:

'Pinn Q ucy? 41 Riverside Rood, Shoreham-by-sea.

crate, cam eras in w atertight tubs. There is good stow ing space on a TIKI21 butrem em ber the m ore you fillthe boat the m ore w ork in tow ing and Ioading,

The Sea People/sailorm an No. 6 June 1986


*

zz .v

'w =

Lifeltxle by Jam es W harram The concept ofthe trailer sailer CoastalTek design, was to Iive an alternative Iifestvle within the confines ofnorm alurban existance, fornotevervone can

One di fficulty of the Coastal Trekkers is that,during the w inter months,there is a tendency to huddle arond the fire and T. V.set,and to use aIlthe com forts of urban life that w e

wantto getaway from,butdo enjoy

w hen they are there. Just as the CoastalTrekking Vikings,and other CoastalTrekking sail ors of antiqui ty,spent the adverse sailing m onths in planning future

MAP 1

.

L and dl itancesto , Sa//?' r?#

V

J '

4: 7

Adventure

..

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J r . z T''

Europe' sbeautifa coastal

uekkingareas.marked, , .r

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x et-lN <J.-- .--

Fyoung otentiafl ,in every way,between am ily,groups and ojderr family groups,(i. e.no-one under14 years old),w hich w e w illexam ine Iater.The approx.distance chart (map 1)shows thatfrom the heart/core of Europe (London,Hamburg,Paris), m ost of the best sailing areas of Europe are about 3 days easy drive aw ay.Greece and the Eastern M editteranean are m uch furtheraw ay,but stillreachable as som e articles in recent SEA PEOPLE issues have show n. ln the CoastalTrek fIeet are four classes:TIKI 21,the 23 ft.HINEM OA, the 26 ft.PAHITIKIROA and the TlKl

26 (there is also a fifth class,which I am dream ing of, butam forbidden by the ' girls'here, to m ention so,keep asking for details,perhaps Hanneke w illsketch it out - J.W NOT YET

Hannekeb.FOrthis article we are

ignoring the potentialofthe 26 ft. designs to m ake offshore passages, but concentrate on Coasta!Ttekking. I/we have dri ven a reefed TIKI21 to w indward in Gibraltar in force 7 w inds in turbuIent tidalw aters. Others,Iike M aurice Killen on his TlK1 21 'SASSI'(see SEA PEOPLE No.4

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saiIed a 23 ft. H IN EM OA through ,:j hurricane an(;jje, uetw een Berm uda

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Tieman sailed his TIKIROA across the I :)aCij gi(:. Ifyou have, w hat is called,a

zYoung fam ily' w hen planning your deas and Sum m er voyage,forgetsuch i stories; plan for sailing w ith dry

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explains w hy in recent years, Ihave been rather rude about the people w ho suggested that hullflying,

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m iles a day the going becam e hard work, particularl y as we had a baby on board,but then m any Trekkers are 'young'fam ily people.In fact,there is quite a different

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to Gibral ter)thatafter200 to 250

The first steps in dream planning are sim ple.A realistic assessm ent of how faryou can drive/trail,or w ish to drive yourTrailer/sailerboat.Forthis exam ple excercise we are using the European factor w hich we know from our ow n experience.Adaptations w ith Iocalknow ledge w illhave to be m ade for other continents. M ost European countries Iim it cars wi th trailers to a speed lim it of 50 m iles perhour(80 km /hr).ltis a fact that w e have dashed along,trailing ourTIKI21 at nearly 70 m iles an hourtrying to keep up w ith the M ad M arcelin Belgium ,see Seapeople No. 5,Jim 's Colum n, but it is illegal.

across the Oceans.

=- < =w <W

Spanish journey Iastyear(Santander

etc.

give up 'evervthing'(whatever thatm av m ean)and sailaway

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W e found, on our Iong overland

forays,trade as w ellas pillage,so shoul d we dream and plan during the w inter.W e m ust not only plan w here we are going,but w hat w e are Iooking for w hen w e get there.Just as som e Vikings pillaged and others traded or developed art styles,som e CoastalTrekkers want hardship and solitude,others com panionship,vi si ts to tow ns,m useum s, historicalsites

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The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

5


If your fam ily group includes tough, trained adolescents of say 14 and

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over(w hen they have som e 'beef',

e-

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comm ands)then,in effect,you have a 3 or4 person crew w ho can take m ore exposure and harder Coastal Trekking.Map 2 shows how to use a road m ap during the w inter dream ing

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happy, relaxed sailing foranyone for

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thatm atter)orareas forharder, specialized coastaltrekking. Road m aps,Iike 4 m iles/inch Route Planning M aps in Britain or 4 km /cm M ichelin M aps in m ost of Europe,

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That is obviously the place for 'young fam ily'sailing or for people w anting a quiet, reflective sail.The road m ap show s m ore posi tive inform ation;the existance of the enclosed Hel ford River,the Falm outh, Fowey and Plym outh estuaries. These are safe inland sailing areass in the overallsheltered sea area, w hich could give sheltered sailing in

strong (even aftercrossing the Iand), W esterlies,and on the Iess frequent occasions w hen a High over Europe is established and strong,force 5 upw ards, Easterly w inds blow ,turning this coast into a Iee shore.

A 5 kn.average speed m akes for com fortable dry deck sailing. Travelling at 5 knots for 5 hours = a 25 Sea m iles passage.Add tim e for getting ready in the m orning,stops for sw im m ing,visiting land attractions,studying sea Iife and the day is am ply filled. A n interesting factorthat the land m ap clearl y reveals is,that this sheltered sea area has good road and railcom m unications.This is understandable,forcoastaltrekkers ofthe past settled there forthe sam e sheltered-w ater reasons that interest US.

The Sea People/sailorman No. 6 June 1986


Exposed CoastTrekking

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,

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Just as in m ountaineering w here som e people Iike the pleasure of fell and hillwalking,others preferthe harder,sterner pursuits of rock clim bing,so it is w ith coastal trekking. Ihave m et a m an w ho sea canoed from the North Cape of Norw ay dow n to the North coast of Spain.It can be done.The North and W est Coast of Cornw all,and coasts Iike it,can for strong coastaltrekked, but should Iike rock or alpine clim bing, rapid/w hite w atercanoeing - be approached w ith the utm ost caution and respect.The danger is not only one's boat and possessions, but to ,. ' vovjsj ocu one's life (and very oflen the Iives of otherpeople w illing to com e and help you)ifyou through overconfidence, get into trouble. For coastaltrekking on exposed coasts,the boat has to be absolutely w atertight, hatches have to be sealed w ith rubberstrips and Iashed w ell dow n and tested at hom e w ith a hose-pipe spouting w ater to sim ulate , . , . . ' ' t. ng seaw ater under hard sea z'' x drivi f.j . ' . a. condi tions. .l itke t rr /l'-

headlands you w illfind, that they are Iittered w i th w recks of past 'Coastal Trekkers' , people w ho had to coastal trek fora living. Iam not exaggerating the possible dangers; Iam draw ing attention to reality, particularly as som e of my thoughts and possibilities of m y designs are taken up by other designers and used,w i th additions, in their w ritings on their designs. For exam ple:Iw rote not so I ong ago

abouthaving no projecting

appendages,like daggerboards and rudders on our 'CoastalTrek'designs, giving them a beaching potential through w aves and surf.So another designerfollow ed up by describing his Trailer/sailer M utihullas able to operate off 'surfIashed beaches'!!! cour se his round bottom design had a sqo draft,w ith boards and rudders dow n, > essentialforsailing,of about 4 ft.So, to get that boat into a sailing position,to sailoff a beach,you , t isaawy w ould bave to wade out to a depth about 5 foot of w ater,w ith the sails hoisted, pushing the boat out. Even a 'e sm allwave would w ash overthe boat ' %.* crew s' heads.They w ould then float, and the w hole catam aran and crew Lœ<. ty<;>. . Thecrew needswet - or w ould be hurled up the 'surf Iashed' beach! Loœ-uy or first class waterproofs and Iknow about beaching through the eero prepared to spend 3-10 hours under w aves, because w e have practised it % c-n.d hard'wet,cold,arduoussailing conditions.Food and drink has to be on the exposed North coast of * : *.,, / r y ... available on the deck;also w aterproof Cornw allw ith the TIKI21.It is a ' hole new 'sailing artform '. The - -- -- --. . -. -. . . . .. ;-t ...-- c h a rt s.sln ex p o se derco asta lt r ek k ing, wPol -ynesians,Portuguese coastal . . . .... ,. / o n e ha t o c o ns i d t he ab s ol u t e , , fisherm en,the Briti sh Coble w orst condi tions,then p/an and lpt w .,f ' prepare forthem . x ttv scwa- s of the North East Coast and m any ïttcw, zt w . cop-ot othertraditionalsm allboat groups, on m any exposed coasts, like w ere experts at it. But it is a skillthat has to be studied and Iearnt. W ith this skill,the CoastalTrekker i out';so form uch ofthe day,they xw z uJl w : ca nnot be ent er ed on exposed coasts can, w ith utm ost o . M any of the S /-' W headlands have viciousti de races and care/beach for the night or on the et of bad w eather. Ma%tSf E' *' /boeqiua can bepassedinslackwater.If onsSom e tips on how to develop this you the history of the skill: 1. Study the m aps/charts forcoves that are shel tered from the prevailing w ind.In these m ay be a smooth-w ater beach. 2.M ake sure that the high tide does not cover the w hole beach up to the cliffs;you w illsee dry sand wi th driftw ood (and plastic bottles). 3.From the sea you m ay sèe an area of beach that has sm oother w ater. ln Cornwallw etsuited surfers w ith sm all, buoyant boards, after practice,operate in very rough If you have som eone aboard w ith surfing skills,you can send him /her sw im m ing w i th a sm allboard through the sm ooth water to see if the beach is free from rocks/ boulders and w here the best place is to Iand. Getting off a surf beach can be helped by Iaying an anchor out,see fig. 1. .

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Na h orb to huC rs o,rt nh weao l, nt eh set rh eai sd t aose hx oi r s tag ' d ery

Exposed coastaltrekking is for the tough. ttained. carefulsailor. The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

7


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M ap 3 is the North and Northwest coast of Spain w interdream m apassessm ent of a coastaltekking holiday area.From it we can see:The North and Northw est coasts are for exposed coastaltrekking.However, som e of the group could travelby car and m eetthe boatts)in the estuaries m arked by *,forthe safer sailing in these beauti fulbays and estuaries. (Details obtained from the Spanish TouristBoard).The map,w indrose and furthertourist inform ation show s the W est coast,from Cape Fini sterre south to Bayona to be a m agnificent, young fam ily orrelaxed sheltered sailing area. A Il overEurope (and the world)are

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9


Young fam ilv sailing does not necessarilv m ean dull sailing. The follow ing article l?y Francis Douglas on the southern Irish coastline,m arked on our sailing areas m ap as 'sheltered ' ,has its fairam ountofstrong w inds and fastsailing.M anv HINEM OA sailors willbe particularlv pleased with Francis Douglas'decktent design.On behalf of them all, Thank vou.

TNe Casn f@r th e E eon om nea t C ru iler by Francis Douglas Iexpect that Iam in the sam e position as m any Fathers w ho have a w ife,tw o sm allchil dren,a mortgage and an overdraft to support.W ith such com m i tm ents it becom es alm ost im possible to add to this burden a sailing vesselw hich is Iarge enough to survive coastalpassages and have enough room to accom m odate the fourof us and the nappies w hich the baby requires. M ost of the sm allfibreglass cruisers on the m arket of seventeen or eighteen feet in Iength costing five

thousand pounds (w hen new ) upw ards appear alm ost to be ''toys'' w hen view ed by a fam ily of four such as m ine.I'm not saying that fam ilies offourcannot survive in such vessels they obviously do but the thought of copying them proved a deterent to m e.There is also a problem w i th speed such pocket cruisers can be very slow in the open

sea (especially to w indward)and as a resul t Iong periods at sea could be expected between ports of call from our experience the children do not Iike staying below for m ore than five hours in a heavy seaw ay and to allow them on deck in such conditions could be dangerous. Ihave Iong been interested in Polycats - eversince Jam es

produced his first Tane design and I w rote aw ay for the study plans (circa

1968).Ihave adm ired theirseaw orthiness,their Iooks and their strong econom icalsim ple construction.Iobviously had reservations about their accom m odation. Since com ing to Iive in Cork in 1980 1had adm ired a very nice Hinem oa m asthead berm udan sloop, called the ''Fantasy'', w hich Ihad seen Iying to m oorings in Crosshaven she seem ed to be the onl y polycat in the south of Ireland!Im agine m y surprise w hen 1opened the Cork Exam inerlast year and found that she w as for sale. bought herw ith a bank loan for tw o thousand five hundred lrish pounds (about tw o thousand pounds sterling) and forthis Iobtained a basic Hinemoa built w ith Iove by John Herlihy a Cork schoolteacher. She w as constructed of 9 m m .pIy throughout,and the fram es and keel had been ''beefed up''.Her m ast w as of alum inium cut dow n from the m ast of a Iargerboat.She had a solid

plywood maindeck (inslead of slats) w ith an engine pod in the centre and a six horsepow erJohnson outboard therein w ith an engine box over.Her skegs were lhickened as were the

W or km w anl ike Iavoutov .Ner otbow e:Engi tent and hal ebacks sl ne box.folded dow n

10

rudders and they w ere stream lined to im prove ''Iam inar flow ''.Hertillers w ere of alum inium square secti on

tubing (w ith wooden handl es in the ends)and they w ere bent,to achieve an Ackerm an Iinkage for im proved turning ability.She w as painted w ith best Internati onalpaints and had guard rails and dodgers abaft each of the cabins providing shelterforthe helm sm an and crew.An extra beam

betw een the two bow s (to stop forestay sag), a catw alk from w hich to change the headsails in com fort, tw o ''w haleback''bow covers (one

foreach bow )to shed w aterw hen m aking to w indw ard in rough seas, and a fifth beam three feet abaft the afterm ain beam w ith soli d 9 mm. plywood decking betw een com pleted the picture.The pri ce also included a purpose designed road trailer,a m ooring,and an Avon Redstart inflatable dillghy.

As w e bought her in June 1984 and ourtw o children were then aged one and six respectively w e sailed her

in Cork harbourand the sea just outside.W e spent one ni ght on her at ourm ooring in Crosshaven.The decktent proved to be the biggest problem .W hen anchored one required instant accom m odtion so that the children can com e out of theircabins

/f vou cannotachieve a happv sm ile and cuddles a CoastalTtekking trip then vour sailing davs are num bered. W hen sailing w ith a voung fam ilv stabilitv drvness and a w ellchosen sailing area, help to produce sm iles.

The Sea People/sailorman No. 6 June 1986 -

y. =


and w alk around in safety and shelter. The originaldeck tent w orked fine but it was a hassle to put up and take dow n.So during last w interw e designed and m ade a folding decktent something along the Iines of the one

we w ere.W hat other sailing cruiser costing tw o thousand pounds sterling

forthe Tiki21.(Although ours has to have square corners in orderto fol d down flatalongside the cabins). W hen fully up this tent covers an area of one hundred square feet,and w ith the back and side curtains rolled up itcan be erected and stow ed

townsend to Cork harbour(Roches point)in six hours thirty fourm inutes

w ithin seconds.This type of tent only requires one hinging point and tw o frames and w ith the solid plywood decks is almost airtight w hen up.The Iarge w indow s Iet in plenty of Iight and the J'cutouts''were retained as curtains - now held in place w ith tabs of velcro w hen required.Five foot headroom atthe highest point is quite adequate - the only im provement Iw ould make if lw ere constructing the tent again is to reduce the height of the forw ard frame from three feet ten inches to three feet six inches.This w ould give a better ''fall''to the roof w hich tends to belly inw ards in a strong headw ind.Ialso found it necessary to build a ''breakw ater''across the front of the platform so that w ater running offthe tent did not run aft dow n the bridgedeck. Wi th the tent ri gged w e can theoreticall y sleep six people!Two people in the cabins,tw o athwartships on the afterdeck and one either side of the engine box on the m ain platform .This stillIeaves space for

passage took place in the afterm ath of a force eight gale w hich had m oderated to force six w hen w e sailed and had fall en to force tw o by the tim e we arrived off Roches point. Forthe first half of the voyage w e had only the headsailhoisted and that w as blanketed in the hollow s betw een

couldvoyage alonjsuch acoastin

such conditions w lth a fam ily of four? Herfastest run this sum m er w ith a follow ing w ind w as from Castle-

fourpoints offthe wind (al though in smooth watershe has averaged nine). In these condi ti ons she is shipping water overthe bows frequently and there is a Iot of spray. On a couple of occasions she m ade good ten m iles dead to w indw ard in five hours but for safety she w as not being driven hard and she w as heavily loaded w ith cruising gearand had an inflated dinghy on the foredeck. Five hours is as Iong as the chil dren w ant to stay below in theircabins.O nce at anchor w ith the tent up and the decks dried off you have enough space to Iive in

an average speed of six knots. For the first tw enty five m iles of this forty m ile run she averaged seven knots

(Surfing she has reached fifteen knots with the wind behind her).This

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forward).The afthatch to port contains a carbattery w hich Iights a tw in tube fluorescent light on a w andering Iead - i t is bright enough to read by w hen Iying in bed under the tent.The battery also provides power for the tri-colour w hi te navi gation light at the top ofthe mast.In the starboard aft hatch is the gas cylinder forthe cookerventil ated wi th a m ushroom vent at the rearof that com partm ent.If you w ant to go for a w alk you can go out through the 'zfront door''of the tent and roam around on the approxim ately ten feet by ten feet space consisting of slatted deck,catw alk,net and the forward third of the tw o hulls.W e found it very pleasant to sit on the catw alk wi th ourfeet in the net and w atch the W orld go by. The vesselhas proved a trem endous success.W e Iived aboard for nineteen days and nights this sum m er and voyaged into m ost of the W est Cork ports between Cork Harbour and Crookhaven.The tent w ithstood a force eight gale in Baltim ore harbour and thirty six hours of continuous rain.This sum m erw as noted forits strong w inds and bad w eatherand we saw no other vesselof less than tw enty eight feet seriously cruising as

the huge seas.To w indw ard in a force five in a Ium py sea she m akes about four and half knots through the water

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11


Francis Douglas,at the end of his article gives som e average speeds ofhis sloop rigged HINEM OA, which goes to w indward in a force 5 in a Ium pv sea atabout 4 JJ knots, 4 points offthe w ind. In the Iast 2 or 3 vears,there has been a Iotofnonsense w ritten aboutspeed and speed to windward ofsm alltrailer/sailer tvpe m ultihulls.

W ith a W LL of 7. 9'(5.80 m h the HINEM OA is sailing hard to w indw ard in a rough sea ata speed ofapprox. W LL. This equals,and betters,m ostm onohulls of the sam e W LL. In sm 00th seas, her speed goes up to 9 knots, which is 2 x W LL; faster than anv racing m onohullof the sam e W LL can go. W ith determ ination and extra sails, these speeds can be im proved on. The following article by Richard Bum pus show s how he improved the perform ance of his spritrigged HINEM OA 'W INDSONG' . Ow ners ofthe Iater Coastal Tek range have the advantage thathis extra sailarea forIight w inds is incorporated in the design.

COASTAL TREKKING TO W INDW ARD by Richard Bum pus IIearnt my sailing skills on dinghies and racing keelboats, none of w hich had engines.Consequently,Itook the sailing attitude of ' the purist w hen it cam e to our form er Hinem oa SURF SONG.lnever raced her in aII1he tim e Isailed her,but Idid try to get the best out of the boat.Iought to say here,how Iadm ired John Shores forthe w ay he sailed his form er Tehini w ithout an engine. For the cruising sailorto regard w indw ard ability w ith scorn is ridiculous,for he w illnever fully realise his dream and am bition of sailing his ow n catam aran to the fullest.If you invest a Iot of tim e, m oney and effort into building a cat, m aybe your ''dream '' then you should also invest som e tim e and effort in Iearning how to sailand develop sailing skills so that ultim atel y you w illachieve some m easure of

W e Ii ve on the shores ofthe Tham es estuary,w hich is an area of fast running tides and m any shoals, fam iliar lknow to a num berof you. The sum m er w inds are predom inantly west orsouthw est ,or northeast.If the w eather is reasonable,and you

)decidelo gooffforthe weekend say

'50 m iles or so up the east coast,you w illalm ost certainly have to beat against the w ind either going or lreturning. You m ay be lucky and find

1thatthe wind changes,so thatyou jcan runorreach in both directi ons.

$h Yo av uect ao nb ae l s ao ti b nebv oeth rydui ne r fc ot ri t o uns a. teand W hen returning from Holland on tw o out ofthree occasions,w e have sailed dow n the Belgian and French Coasts back to England.lt is best to set off w ith a favourable tide if you w ish to get anyw here.The w ind w as always from the southwest.That m eans w e had to beat,w i lh w ind againsttide.Since the tides run fast in the southern North Sea,and w ith a good breeze,you w illrealise that this m eans a rough ride.Those sails had to be trim m ed properly to enable us to get to w here w e w anted during those hours of favourable tide.At the end of the day,w e go1 an enorm ous sense ofachievem ent,having grappled w ith the elem ents,and know ing that we could hold ourow n against those other boats,w ith w hom we had sailed in com pany,as you often w illw hen coasting. There w ere other occasions w hen SURF SONG'S spritrig ofvery m odest area w as inadequate to get herto w indw ard as quick as Iwould have Iiked. Consequently,Im odified the rig so that besides being able to use the designed rig, Icoul d also increase the sailarea by up to 70% forIight airs.And this w orked successfull y.Im ight add that w e have also sailed SURF SONG to w indward

with reefed main and reefed jib

because conditions w arrented it.

Having talked of sails,w hat cf Iateralresistance? The deep Vee hull is very sim ple and really very effective.However,Iooking back at SURF SONG'S I og and recalling a few

occasions,dagger/centrets)would have given us that extra bite under Iight air conditions.0 ur boat speed was good, but w e m ade m ore Ieeway than lwould have liked - equivalent to a bilge keeler m onohull. W hen sailing in com pany w ith other boats,Ihave alw ays found m yself com paring ourperform ance to their's.Som etim es Iw as frustrated and som etim es lw as elated.The real highs cam e w hen sailing in flattish w aterw i th a good breeze.Irem em ber severaloccasions w hen m onohulls, racers and cruisers, would be reefed and heeled.Our Iow rig w as ideal. The w ind speed produced a given boat speed w here leeway was m inim al,and w e pow ered to w indw ard,tacked quickly,pointed up w ell, and show ed a clean pairof heels to everyone.The effect w as very satisfying.On those occasions dagger/

centreboardts)would have been a waste of tim e,and only served to slow us dow n because of theirdrag. Essentially w hat Ihave said is that for cruising in a sm allboat,you m ust be able to sailto w indw ard.lhave found that one needs a good spread

ofcanvasthat is very adjustable to

meet most conditions.Daggerboards w ould also be usefulon occasions. This was som ething that Imeant to experim ent w ith, but nevergot around to.Boards have been very successfully used on a few boats, one of the m ost notable being Harry Ellis's Raka in : Canada.Now of course severalof the stock designs carry dagger boards too.

A nother thing w e always tried to do was to keep the bottom s as clean as possible at aIItim es. If you sail about w ith a garden grow ing on the bottom ,you'llget now here fast. Sailing a sm allboatis afteralla l ot of fun and SURF SONG gave us plenty of that. W e did actually saildow nw ind too, wi th topsails and spinnakers w heneverpossible! *

M ainsail 112 sq ft

@

designed

jib

60

rig

Topsail

30

Iightair

flving jib

80 sq ' ĂŠĂŞ additions

M ast

292 20 ft Iong 13 ft goes up and down witb Topsail

personalsatisfaction.To my way of

thinking,if you m otorto w lndw ard all

the time,you mightjustas wellbuy a m otor boat,and Iinclude m onohull sailors here too.

12

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


M ike Ricks needs no introduction to 'SEA PEOPLE' readers.He is bestdescribed as an exposed-coastcoastaltrekker; and he does it alone though from the ease w ith which he can slip naked into the sea to tie up his boatto m angrove trees it is obvious thathe is in m uch warm er waters (Crocodile,shark, seasnake waters/) Itm ustbe m entioned that coastaltrekkers in northern Iatitudes have theirstrength and energv constantlv Ieached aw ay by the cold.

lkove T rlrell 9% M oveton

unapproachable forthe extensive

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shelfofsand and coralboulders.On thisfulltide Inow sli d gently intothe

)

channelwas glorious and as 1

O

dropped the sails Skua nuzzled peacefully up against the flooded m angrove trees. Behind the trees the

Iee and dropped anchorin a metre of

1 :

w ater.The contrast from the rough

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to tangl ed Lantana.Itook off m y shorts and w aded in,toes feeling IClX y am 0n@Sttj;e Stujijij9 m angrOVO shoots,hooking the anchor over a m angrove Iim b. Stealing naked along the shore m akes you feelsom ehow more zprimitif' oserto the w ild , cl aroundyou. Fish darted in the shallow s,a curlew fIitted through the

.

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branches.The insectIi fe buzzed and

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hat. Iwas appropriately reading zone's com pany'by PeterFlem ing, though in contrast it w as set in the

/lnu''s

mi ddleofchinaamidstcivilwar.Half

sslqho uqoxt Ig.

a m ile aw ay out in the channela procession of big boats were flying dow nw ind,the norm alSunday m igration back to M anly and Brisbane. It w as as w ild as ever out there,still

R

two hoursto highwaterand 1wanted

: X

get m e hom e. I'm restl ess by nature n betw een chapters Ireefed the and i

2 î

eagle sat motionless.

R I returnedtoskuaandreadinthehot sun underthe protection ofa straw

à ' r' -

(

outon a solitary m angrove tree a sea

J,

the Iasthalfhourofthe flood to help

main and hanked on the Iittle jib.Iate

The idea of coastaltrekking or daysailing m ay seem unadventurous com pared to the experience of

crossing oceans butitissurprisinj

w hat a variety of thrills and em otlons

can be had justa few miles from hom e.

Recently Skua (a TIKI21)and Iset off to sailto St.Helena,an island over tow ards the m outh of the Brisbane River w hich boasts the ruins of an oId penalsettlem ent. From Dunw ich on Nth.Stradbroke Island St.Helena Iies about 12 m iles N. W. and Iwas relying on the forecast 10-15 knots southerly changing to the norm alafternoon N.E.sea breeze to give m e a fairw ind both ways. As lsailed briskly out ofthe anchorage it becam e obvious that the w ind out in the channelw as blow ing strongly from the S.E.and very unlikely to sw ing around for m e later.

A big tide was making (there had been a 60% eclipse of the sun tw o days previously)and things were very boisterous.Two big m onohulls w ere m otorsailing under m ainsails to weatherthe Douglas Light and 1 passed them on a reach, cutting the w rong side ofthe Iight underthe sour gaze of theirskippers, w ith Skua going like a scalded cat.

Turning N .Iw as running straight dow n w ind,.W sliding dow n the steep li ttle waves and brones easting the backs of the preceeding eering , st constantl y and trying with one hand t o k e e p t hejib wlnged outinstead of flo

gging in the shadow of the m ain. Looking behind at the tum ble of w hite w aterand the ever-increasing w ind two things were on my mind, firstly that Ishould som ehow reduce sail and y that i f Icontinued on this secondl course I w oul d get hom e Iater in the day againever nst such a w ind. Better sense prevailed Itore off to port headed up intoand the w ind a , Ii ttle and ten minutes Iatereased into the Iee of PeelIsland.

Note the difficulties of sailing single handed in ' offshore'conditions, but experienced M ike Ricks had a 'Bolt Hole'to shelter in Iined up,and had the experience/sense to use it. - Ed. Peellsl and is uninhabited, form erly a Ieper colony som e 50 years ago. I ts south eastern shore is aptly named Horseshoe Bay w here on a fine weekend m ore than fifty yachts or power cruisers w ould Iine up against the calm sandy shore.M ost ofthe rest of the Island is fringed w ith m angroves and the north easterly shore w here I now found myself is usually

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

m y Iunch by 10 o'clock and then suddenly decided to bustle around and get going. As Ipulled in the chain Skua set off on the w rong tack and gave the ma nqrovesa Iastaffecti onate nuzzle, bringl ng dow n a show eroftw igs and spiders, not norm ally a hazard of sailing.Slow ly w e eased along in shelteras if reluctant to do battle,

then witha coupleofshortrushes stepqed outinto it. The tide w as still

r funnlng strongly and the waves,about tour feet high,w ere steep and close her.The reefed main and tiny jib . foget elt very snug and,close hauled, Skua seem ed to be sailing quite slow ly and riding overthe w aves Iike a duck, gi ving m e only an occasionalbucketful lof spray.There w as no way l coul ti ons up th d tack in such w ild condi

e channelso Ijustrelied on there

being a good two m etres of tide over any obstacles and headed straight for stradbroke Island.The w aves grew and the w ind increased in strength but things felt nicely in controland over tum ult Iroared my oId dogm using song from 'The Trap' W hen , ' 1'rrl 1) hzlélr, 1'11-rëlpttl hkl()1) h/s/iff, ....!'. Closing the Stradbroke Shore I tacked, Skua stalled in the heavy chop but Igave her the old full reverse ruddertrick and w e set off again back out into it.It's am azing how it alw ays seem s faster on a new tack. Back in the m iddle of the channelthe w ind and tidalstream seem ed to be at the clim ax of their

13


struggle.Skua w as leaping off the w ave tops and there was spray flying constantly over both hills.It w as tim e to m ake the second and Iast tack tow ards Stradbroke but Skua stopped dead every tim e Itried to com e about,plunging into the oncom ing seas.The big police Iaunch w as half a m ile aw ay,about the only other boat on the bay it seem ed, and the Iast thing Iwanted w as them roaring up, so I1et the m ainsheet go,tore off in a big circle and hauling like m ad on the

Ricks follow s up his epic requested 'How to do it'

m ainsheetagain,jibed around. Forthe Iast dash towards the beacons Ieading into the anchorage, w ind and sea were right on the beam , the w aves now seemed to be form ed into long w alls and Iw as pelting along the top of them at a frightening speed. Pinching up into the w ind Im ade it betw een the red and green steel towers but was stillnot out of trouble.W ithoutthe tide pushing m e to w indw ard now, Icouldn't quite Iay the course past the next m arkers.To Ieew ard of the channelw ere oyster banks w hich at low tide present a black and awesome tangl e of posts and tim bers.Isqueezed pasttbe next m arker. Ican norm ally short-tack up the channelbut to try to tack in these conditions would probably have Ieft

me fl oundering backwards so Ijust

giving the jib sheetan extra heave as

you go into the turn to keep both sails draw ing as far round as possible. A light touch on the tiller is also required,starting the turn gently and using m ore rudder as the boat slow s

up,the firstsign ofsuccess is the jib backing, stillsheeted hard in.Ithen sit holding my breath,eyes rivetted on the m ainsailw aiting for it to com e over and partially fiIIbefore l1et go of

the jib sheet and claw in the jib sheet

U ling B oth by M ike Ricks

kept going.There seem ed to be pipes and posts sticking out everyw here

justa few inches above water.Luffing and pinching up and sailing as slow ly as possible Isqueezed through and em erged into the back of the anchorage past som e alarm ed Iooking sailors w ho were disconsolately view ing the conditions from their cockpits. One Iast tack in com parative calm

and Idropped the jib,sail ed sedately

Experienced catam aran sailors m ay w ish to skip thi s section but for those w hose hulls are stillupside dow n this may help to keep the interest going.It is definitely not intended as one of those irritating 'How to'articles Iike those in Cruising W orld w herein John M ellor describes the technique for changing headsails in a rising gale

up to the m ooring buoy and w ith som e reli ef hooked up.It had been a w et,w ild ride.

i t be an article on 'How not to'.

@

Skua and !have thrashed around M oreton Bay for a year now during w hich tim e Ihave I earnt a few Iessons the hard w ay.Lesson No. 1, tacking,takes place aboutten m inutes into yourfirst sail.In a Iight breeze and calm sea i t is Iike tacking any other boat,only slower.In a good breeze and Iollopy chop yourchances dim inish.M any tim es Ihave stalled in m id tack and looked around to find that the m ain sheet is not hard in. This seem s to m ake aIIthe difference in the w orld,in fact it is w ellworth

wearing carpetslippers.(1wentto Dartm outh w i th the bloke).RatherIet

@

on the otherside. By this tim e you are tearing off on the othertack. Stalling in m id tack i s sufficient grounds for blasphemy and Ianguage unfit forfam ily sailing.There are a few panic m easures that m ay help. One is to reverse the rudders as the boat starts to drift backw ards and the other is to grab tbe clew ofthe m ain and hauli t to w indw ard. Failing aII that you find yourself proceeding on the sam e tack as before and still heading for w hatever it w as you w ere tacking to avoid.Try again. Having m issed tw o orthree times a

jibe may be called for.This is a Iast resort and w illcost you a hundred m etres of hard-earned distance up w ind, but,far m ore dangerously, you m ay be by now close to that aforesaid avoi ding place.Idon't know

whata Tiki21'sturning circle is jibing in a strong breeze because one norm ally doesn't have tim e to Iook but suffice i t to say w ithin seconds you w illbe off the w ind,scudding along at 10 knots and alIthe rudderin the w orl d doesn't seem to bring you around fast enough. If you had three pairs of hands you could grasp the

tillerbar,back the jib and letouta1l the m ainsheet.The best you m ay achieve is fullrudder and 1et the m ainsheet go w ith a zing.And then tearing off dow nw ind pullaI1the m ainsheet in again before the sail

goes overwith a crack.Forgetthe jib com pletel y untilyour heart rate settl es back to norm al. Personallv in a 'tightcorner' f particularlv without a headsailand in

a rough sea,Ialwavs jibe m y TIKI21I For Ihave found the turning circle is Iittle m ore,often Iess, than the ground Iost in a slow or failed tack.

Ae ' jibed'outofFalmouth one dav

M ike Ricks single handing his TIKIa ' ?7, 'SKUA ' .

against a force 7 under reefed m ain alone m aking good enough progress to w indward to clear the headland to gethom e.

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


'TACKING

Similarlv we ' jibed'into Gibraltar

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a big difference to the w indward and the tacking abilitv of the TIKI. Ed. vjjere is nothing m ore satisfying than Ieaving and returni ,ng to your m oorings undersail.lt s am azing how m any sailors seem to do aIIthis under dieselpoweror at best m otor around

smal happi lv ji bed a-ap from the wlboat ind (s Iike a pr oa ) - Ed

''

.

.

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In practice jibing is a rare bird,one

with a furling jib pulled out which

seems to be foreverstruggling to w ind-ward or at best reaching hom e again.

' sutw-o u e

seem s to m e the height of poor sailing. You w ould be tem pting fate to sailout of a crow ded anchorage on

Which really bringsme to another

.. rAdr z

yourvery firsttrip in abig catamaran

Iesson forthe catam aran sailor,the heartbreak of travelling to w indward. I have tacked for w hat seem ed like hours against W ind and tide and gone now here.Recently l WaS lazily tacking

bo Km Gtmc ' 'Tlwt. eK

'

but thereafter it show s a realsea spiri t and a great contem pt fordiesel Sailors! The art is to start Off on the right tack. Ialw ays reverse the rudders

9': ) j ' hog. e-THA/ up abroad channelbetween two .* *umc' H ,. ! l. h TAT-KItvt-k

H&Ao I/r& -rG6' uto o . Id/p.b U11b sylec r so

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m e w ellbehind.It m ust have been pointing ten degrees higher and m aking VirtuaIIy no Ieeway. As the channel

tele wlt-ueK' . S

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l ow tidelsometimesbacktherudders into the m ud and this Iets the boat turn in its ow n Iength.

much tO

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W indward.

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view ing 0Ver tbe tOp aperjtjjs. jt js a goo stop sails shivering,and heave tjje m ooring buoy inboard.1have aIso saijed jn a buckel of w ind,

. -.,..

.

.

Even m ore Salisfying is sailing back to the m ooring.It really gets tjae ojd jaeart pum ping. Ihave sai led in at sunset, ghosting in on a dying breeze,.

t ackingagainandagainandwatched by dozens of pairs of eyes critically

,

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or dleerhol toege ouetb kwamy rdsTi oki ut21 oft he l i tt wther Ia kc eep at

expecttoo

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SU:Ie K) ' I'I Re-tut& ( 5 5mA C'1é 'T o G'1f..I-V

turn the boat quickerand reduce the tendency to race off at high speed.

dinghy, but the lesson is notto

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the jib sheeted aback and tl ais will

passingthe

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slipping yourmooringyou can Ieave

isfaction of catching up and

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éIs hxp4Is eo'-v

PPACQFUJe Qo s t cu lcxla kk-vekw 'rqe'a'll-z-cRs AYo SpfG- c- s) smlt.t- $

w ith boats a11around you.YOu are m uch m ore in controlstarting off on a beat to clearthe anchorage.If it is necessary to turn off the w ind w hen

turned a jnjd the w ind freed nad the sat-

smxp-r ro srp-N o hrc'N

' r'itc O A. 'E S&(&-.

ertj oVe 3e OthorW 3X 3rld tiRcR S6CCIiR tjje jib.As w i th a jibe:beware tearing off at 10 knots on a dow nw ind turn

me On its third.SOOr1Ieaving

' =-7 ), . x ..-y...

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jib sprintback to throw the tillers

a SiXth tZCs Ixts ll0 x u; 1R@s IIY MZSSCU

80* S $21LL 6GJlM G rêouhlo -- . ; L1I N/PC' R -. n.' zn-'J- ....: . .' , 7' r. -.-. -. fG. )t&pD . l' . ( NQ.r$3 yl .s *

nw cx tN c-a Gx s a'o c sto ua x x.)o 'v'ete-

usually, but no1 alw ays, guarantee starting off in the right direction. As the m ain fills you can then leave the

slow l y went about on my fifth

$'c'2 J; .. . ; .' .' ' :. . ' '/ ' j;L -. ' '. ê ,.''- -'

PR. eSR. IR:

foredeck holding the jib aback w ill

dinghy w ith tw o aboard follow ed m e in a m ile behind.As I

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before letting go and standing onthe

isenj lands, eat ingsun a sandw hicjaand oying the . A sm al lracing

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with Racing Dinghies and sm allracing keelers of the sam e size. Ours are x ckeps saps, w hich are hard to irrlportinto som e countries.

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trouble in keeping up to windward

tack through the wind Itaditional

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usc vsfoj smatlsailing workboatsoftenstuckan o aro rswe epough overtt hewsf etOt oh swf erng the head thr he id nd'

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w ind gusting 8 under m ain alone, Iosing am azinglv little ground in the jibe (we keptthe main,sheethauled i n tight so the boat didn tgain too m ucj) speed d) w hen turned away from the w in . AfteraIIit is onlv a m odern vacht/ ,

yesxleYce

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here with those 0/Friedrich Paschen in

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The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

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15


ed dow n w eekend sailors, wondering

answer is,quite a Iot.It is prudent to

iflwas aboutto cause a sm all mari time disaster.In a good breeze it

be carrying a smalljib and reefed main butifyou arejustoutsailingandl

is extrem ely difficult to Iuff up exactly to a buoy and stop dead.You are m ore Iikely to accelerate up into w ind and pass the buoy at 5 knots or stop thlee feet short and drift off backw ards. Ihave found by bitter experience that it is better to approach too slow than too fast,and usually approach w ith the sails Iuffing,giving a quick pullon the

the w ind is com ing in gusts it is tem pting to hang on and fly.Certainly the Iee hullw illstart to Iose itself in sheets of spray,and things aloft w ill start to vibrate but Ihave found so far that the only tendency for the weatherhullto Iift unduly is w hen it is physically tossed up by oncom ing waves.Luffing up a bit w illrelieve the pressure on the sails,as w illIetting go

mainsheet now and again to keep her

the jib sheetif you startto feelthings

going.

are getting dangerous.Turning dow nw ind w illease the situation but if it's really going to blow you need to drag the m ain dow n before you turn dow nw ind. Only once,in a sudden sum m er storm , have Ibeen sufficiently frightened to drag everything dow n and then 1found Skua doing about four knots broadside to the weather. I tried tow ing a plastic m ilk crate m ore foran experim ent than anything else and it did absolutely nothing. Only by

One advantage of a catam aran is that you have ten feet orm ore of 'bow 'to aim at the buoy w ith and if I I eave the dinghy on the m ooring I usually take i t straight betw een the bow s w here it entangles in the netting.There is then a headlong dash from the tillerto the forw ard beam to grab on.Taking the buoy on the outsi de bow requires a good aim

and Ihave been Iefthanging on to the buoy dow n nearthe stern som ew here wi th the sails draw ing nicely and the halyards about ten feet beyond m y reach. L esson one-and-a-half is to keep a good Iookout to Ieew ard.M ore than once lhave been woken out of a deep reverie by the throb of big diesels,and the Iocalferries give no quarter.Sailing stark naked somehow seem s to increase one's al ertnesss. The Tiki21 has a deck-sweeping Ioose-footed m ain that requires you to get dow n Iike a good M uslim every few m inutes but you do end up w i th a suntanned backside. W hat w illshe take? This is upperm ost in your m ind as you sail out in your first good blow.The

rehoisting the smalljib and

broadreaching did leventually feel things w ere back in control. On this occasion Isailed up a m angrove creek, tied up,w alked arm pit deep up the creek and hitchhiked hom e.You t do that in m id ocean. can, W ellif you have survived aIIthat YOu Can consider yourself initiated into the w orld afloat,capable of Sailing from A to B and back.The intricacies of anchoring,reefing and heaving-to can alIbe practiced in Secret som ew here, bearing in m ind that it can be tw ice as aw kward as YOu im agine.Navigation is som ething YOu w ork up to. Overa decade I navigated a m inesw eeperaround Africa,these days Inavigate by Iooking overthe side to see if the 1bottom is visible. *

I

*

I

TH E M U LTIHULL CEN TR E, FOSS Q UAY, M ILLBROO K, TO RPOINT, CO RNW A LL PLIO 1EN

TIKI 21' TA N E 2 7 , O RO 46 '

Tiki's m aiden voyage w as in the first w eek of August '84.W e took her directly to her future sailing area,the Costa Blanca in the M editerranean. The assem bly w as sim ple.W e pushed the hulls into the w ater, Iashed a beam to each they pointed skyw ards - pulled the beam s dow n and lashed them to the other hull. Fixing the tram poline - instead of the standard platform w as m uch m ore w ork and took some tim e.The m ast,an ex-Hobie 16 one,w as soon erected.Ifound the securing ofthe shroud-lashings to be very important. In a blow the Iee shrouds became so slack,that Isometim es found it necessary to check im m ediately ifthe shock cord w as stillin place. The construction of the hulls and their connection are not only satisfactory but excellent. Having sailed the boat under gradually tougherconditions up to herprobabl e lim it,lconfess that Ihad ratherthe feeling to Iose the rig than to upset ordam age the boat.The rig is not quite standard using 26 m2(Gaffrig or Bermudan? - Ed.)but Icould use it unreefed up to a force 5 and w aves of 1.8 m .Som etim es a hullshot for m ore than hal f of its Iength out of a w avecrest to crash into the next valley. Even then the hulls did not flex noticeably. Im ade a boom from the first crossbeam to the forestay-bridle bringing the foot of the forestay in line w ith the bow s.On this boom I at w ill.By doing this, Igot the boat so w ellbalanced,that Ican Iash the tiller and steer the boat by walking fore and aft.W ith som e experience you can even bring heraround only by

S KIPPERED A N D S ELF SA IL C HA RTER (sOMEBEAuGusRTHS ST ILLAVAILABLE F0R r M EETING)

adjusting yourweightand trimming

the sails./We a/so do this with our gaffrig TlKl Ed.)

Because ofthis excellent trim Iw as ' able to outsailclosehauled even big m onohulls,not a usualfeature of a

A LU M IN IU M TIK IM A STS & RIG G ING N EW TIKI 21' FO R SA LE

cat.(See Mike Ricks article,p.75)

* ** + + +

CATA M A RA NS BU ILT, REPA IRED A ND D ELIV ERED phone S teve Turner

16

by Friedrich Paschen. M unich,Germ any

can adjustthe attachmentofthe jib

+ +'+ * *'*

PLYM OUTH 822846

FinallY this rather sparse,but fullof detailaccount,of the building and sailing ofa TIKI21by Friedrich Paschen from M unich, Germ anv.N e reallv would Iike to hearm ore from him on his rig and sailing.

PLYM OUTH 823200 (Answ erphone)

W hen she approaches her m axim um speed w hich Iestim ate at 20 km /h she w illnot go any faster but the bow s sink untilthe deck appreciabl y slants forew ard.Up to a force 2 she is slow er than surfers and som e othercats, but w hen it pipes up,she outsails m ost.Som e Hobie 16 ow ners regarded it a realtreat to

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


crew w ith m e in a blow .Even in calm s her length and w eight w illnot Iet her stop completely. The wavelength in this part of the Med.is exactly the one that m akes Tikiwork hardest w hen going to w indward.That is only im portant if you use her as a daysailer,w hen cruising you can usuaIly choose a course that suits her better. lkept Tikion a mooring buoy.Best attachm ent point w as on the first cross-beam , If Itied heron the bow big w aves buried them , if on the 2nd she had a tendency to broach. Inexperienced surfers did a 1ot of damage. She is,aIthough Istuck meticulously to the plans 10 cm Iongerthan she should be.Ei ther I

'

m isread a figure ornobody else checked this. W hen building anew Iw ould use Epoxy only for glueing not for sealing. Forthis, ldiscovered halfway through building, an one-pot Polyurethane called Ebadur Streichbeschichtung 02 m ade by Bayer, Leverkusen and obtained from Eberhard Chem ie, Olpenerstr. 405 in D-50OO Kรถln 91.It soaks betterinto the w ood than Epoxy,absorbs any m oisture there it needs m oisture to harden

chem ically - can be sanded easily.(1 sanded the rest of m y sheets for Iittle m ore than the cost of abrasives w hen doing it m yself on a big m echanical sander,w hich w ould notdo it w ith Epoxy because it clogs the bands

w hen itgets w arm .)Epoxy sticks very wellto this sealer and it can be used

Ron Garrettof M assachusetts,U.S.A.sentus this series ofphoto's ofIaunching his TIKI21, 'La Gata de Colorado' ,on a beach near Boston Harbour. A ssem bling the CoastalTtekker has its ow n m agic.A The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

to ''unstick'' sticky Epoxy surfaces.It costs,depending on the quantity bought betw een 10 and 13 DM /kg. In Spain Im et an oId adquaintance, an expert surferw bo builds his ow n boards.He cl aim s to get a very good finish on Iam inates by rolling household A lum inium -foilonto the w et surface.It can easily be rem oved and

even the joints are so small,thatthey disappear underthe first coat of paint. PS from the translator: Itried foil on Epoxv butit was very hard to get itoff.I tried Ebadur as well:It soaks very w ellinto Plvw ood even better than the true W est-Epoxv and gives a hard and nonstickv surface that appears to be m oistureproof. - , .

)

. -... ..

collection ofshapes, bits and pieces suddenlv becom es - a BOAT Note Ron's trailer,it is m ade of w ood,on the original'colour'photos it Iooks w onderful.

17


eeqY

P R #* #D

v => -

Tim and Heather W helan w ith their ocean voyaging NARAIM K.IV 'IKAROA'are regular w riters forthe 'SEA PEOPLE/SAILORM AN'.On the 17th of M ay w e received a card from them from c/o Knight,M atua Road,Huapa,RDI,Auckland,New Zealand w ith this happy new s:'Uust a Iine to Iet you know we had a daughter,Faith M arw born M ay 4th (10Ibs 1oz!)'' On behalf of aII'SEA PEOPLE'readers w e w rite:W elcom e aboard Faith M ary.Previously,Tim and Heather sent first class cruising inform ation on som e ofthe lesser know n areas of tbe Caribbean and about going through the Panam a Canal.

CARIBBEAN TO PANAM A by Tim & Heather W helan Plenty of yachts cross the Atlantic pnd yacht m ags.are fullof info.about the crossing and the Caribbean,but not so m any yachts continue west tow ards Panam a and to a great extent you're on yourow n. Inform ation from books w ritten by

othercruising yachtsmen (e.g.

''Shrim py''by Shane Acton, ''Children ofCape Horn''by Rosie Sw ale,Hiscock,etc.)is atleast 5 years,probably 1O,outofdate and things and places change. W e w anted to stock up forabout 6 m onths and accor die ngtwo to tchoi he ces, ine ther e wer grapev M artinique and Venezuela.M artinique w as upw ind so w e w ent to Venezuela! O r advice w ould be to go only to u the duty free island of M argarita and not to bother w ith the m ainland. Tinned goods w ere cheap here and ast us to Tonga W e bought enough to I (7 m onths). w e also bought a Iot of clothes as sun and salt had done their w orst and m ost ofours were getting ragged. Next we w ent to the m ainland to cum ana - but this w as w here we inad thi board and a Iot of trou bleeves w itl aatl ae custom s - very s. Am erican!Everyone w ho w ent to tlne m ainland experienced the sam e thing but those w ho w ent from M argarita to Los Roques - an area of reefs really raved about it. Of course econom ies change and in a yearortw o Venezuela m ay not be cheap. M argarita w ould stillbe h a visit though. w ort w e anchored at Pam patar - a nice bay,fullof pelicans but sm elly at Iow tide.The custom s, port captain and police offi ces are aIInearby but im m igration is at the airport.M inibus ''taxis''are quite ci aeap but w e got a i de w i t h s om e Am ericans w ho'd r hired a carfor a few days.Thev also too k us to do shopping at the ' superm arkets in the m ain tow n of porlam ar w i nich saved severaltrips.

18

Margarita has a very South Am erican feel.The m en often w ear khakiclothes,straw hats and dark glasses. The Ianguage is Spanish but sbopkeeper s,officials,etc.speak English.The police and security police at banks,etc.are heavily arm ed. The villages are very attractive; usually there's a square w ith a pastel painted church at the centre and lots of shops selllocally m ade crafts such as pottery and ham m ocks. Currency in Venezuela i s the Bolivar and w hen w e w ere there (M arch 1985)you got 12-15 B's to the $US/f1 (atthattim e the $US and the f1 w ere w orth aboutthe sam e).You could get a m ealfor 2 w ith drinks for about f5.Shorts and shirts were abotlt 30- 50 B,s.The US dollar was the onl y foreign currency you coul d change in Venezuela. After Ieaving Venezuel a w e went to OUracao in the Dutch Antilles.These islands are know n as the ABC'S as t Chey consist of Arubaw Bonaire and uracao.W e were pleasantly StlrRFi sed bY the friendliness of the people there - a com plete contrast to venezuela. w illem stad is the capi talof curacao and a canal-like system of W aterw ays is its heart.To get into w illem stad you have to callup on the VHF and get them to open up the Pedestrian sw ing bridge,(aboutthe OnIY tim e so far w e've needed the VHF), The tow n is not cheap but is very cl ean and attractive w ith its Dutchstyle architecture.There is a floating m arkot W hen Venezuelans bring fish, fruit and vegetables and it's a good idea to buy in bulk here for Panam a and the Pacific.W e'd bought sacks of onions and potatoes in venezuela but the potatoes were maggotty and the onions rotted! l h n Curacao w e m et a localw ho ad once ow ned a W HARRA M and he very kindly drove us around to get spare parts for ouroutboard engine W hich w e were more than a Iittle W orried about w ith Panam a Ioom ing ahead. w e had som e m ore good luck here

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in that there is an oiIterm inalat W illem stad and w e saw a British tankergo by.W e row ed over to see them and w ere given a great w elcom e:baths,Iaundry facilities, meals, charts and bags of food and l j drink!!!W e were a bi t reticent about I going overbutthey w ere aI1so ; ! pleased to m eet som eone British and ! to hearof our exploits we were glad , w e m ade the effort. ; Being short of tim e we didn't visit the othertw o islands but w e knew people w ho did and they said it was worthw hile. Next w e had to by-pass Colom bia as w e'd heard of its reputation for piracy.W e kept 100 m iles offshore; others sailed in com pany.There w as a yacht at W illem stad w ith bullet-holes in it after som e sort of a run-in w ith Colom bians! M ost yachts callin at the San Blas islands before going through the Panam a Canal.Officially yachts should clear in at Porvenirbut as this is past the islands w e risked spending a couple of days in Hollands Cays illegally. The San Blas are w orth a longer stay so i t would be betterto go by the book,get your cruising Iicence and spend a couple of w eeks there. W e were there in good w eatherbut in bad weatherthe area is dangerous and qui te a few boats get w recked there.W e experienced a current w hich set us ashore by about 10 m iles overnight so carefulwatch is necessary. The San Blas islands are a series of sandy palm -clad islets w i th areas of reef around them .They are inhabited by Kuna indians w ho are fam ous for the ''m ola''panels in their blouses. M olas are m ade by reverse applique and every yachtie has 1 or 2 as souvenirs.You can buy them at Panam a but they're m ore expensive.A fam ily cam e out to us in theirdug-out to sellsom e: $2O US each!W e w ent

mad and boughtone blouse (2 m olas) betw een 2 yachts.The next day we went ashore and traded for m olas w hen they cam e out to the yachts they w eren't w illing to do this.W e got severalm olas in exchange forTshirts,fishing Iine and hooks. The Kunas are very colourful people.The wom en have gold nose rings and a black line painted dow n their foreheads,noses and chins. They wearhead-dresses,the m ola

bl ouses (w hich are in brightprim ary col ours often against a black

background)and Iong skirts. Diving and sw im m m ing are really good in these islands and som e yachties rate the San Blas as their

favourite place.(W e rate them in our

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


top 4 along w ith M adeira, M arquesas

and Tonga). Next stop was the Panam a Canal w hich w e w ere both Iooking forward to and dreading.W e w ere afraid w e'd have problem s w ith our 14 year oId outboard - as we did!W e don't use

ourengine much,usually justwhen we're anchoring in confined spaces and it had been playing up even w hen we used it forthat - stopping suddenl y w hen w e least expected it! So it w as w ith fingers crossed that we Ieft San Blas and headed for Colon.Incidentally this was a frustrating sailas first the spinnaker halyard broke and Tim had to go up the m ast and replace it.He'd barely got dow n and recovered w hen the block broke and i t aI1felldow n again.

Ourgearw as in need of a good going over before the Pacific - the m iles w ere taking theirtoll.But first we had to getthrough the Panam a Canal!

THE PA NA M A CAN A L W e arrived at Christobal /colon on Good Friday (April5th)in a tropical dow npour.W e could faintly m ake out the shapes of anchored ships in the reduced visibility as w e m otored along the harbour.Just past the yacht club is an area know n as 'the flats'and w e anchored here along w ith about 10 otheryachts som e of w hich w e knew from the Caribbean - one w e'd m et nearly a year before in ElFerrol, ourfirst foreign port! There w ere of course otheryachts at the club but the flats are free so that's w here we went!As w e finished anchoring a launch cam e alongside and we w ere handed a sheaf of

papers to fillin.W e'd justcompleted

this when the Iaunch reappeared and a representative of the Panam anian Government cam e aboard to check the form s and look at ourpapers.He said w e'd have to be sprayed (in case

we were contaminated by insects)but after we'd offered him a beer and he'd accepted 4 (forthe boys)he seem ed to forget this. He gave us a plan of the area and a list of the offi ces and officials to be vi sited.Because it w as Eastersome of these offices w oul d have been on overtim e and therefore charged us m ore,so w e didn't go to them in the correct order as we should have.lt didn't seem to m atter.The officials we visited were: 1. Custom s and lm m igration; 2.Port Captain; 3.Adm easurer; 4.The office w here you get yourcruising perm it; these were aIIin an area very near the yacht club w hich w as safe to walk around - Colon itself w as not. There were severalinstances of bags being grabbed,pockets cut open and one girlwaiting at a bus stop w as apparently robbed of everything including herdress! First we got admeasured. Panam a CanalNet Tonnage is not the sam e as

registered tonnage so every ship and yacht has to be measured before going through the canalfor the first tim e.You are then presented w ith a certificate show ing your official num ber(ours is 266400)w hich m ust be affixed in the radio room l! Custom s and Im m igration have offices at the yacht club.Because we are British w e didn't need a visa. Other nationali ties had to pay $1O US for this although som e m anaged to 'znegotiate'' The trip through the canalhas to be arranged w ith the Port Captain. He fits yachts into a schedule w ith the ships.One ortw o yachts can go through the Iock w i th each ship.W e were scheduled to go through the canalon April 11th - starting at 5.00 a.m .You can be fined if you're not ready to go on tim e, but the pilot m ay be hours Iate. M ost of the 'pilots' w ho go on yachts are actually 'advisors': pilots in training. Every vesselw hich transits the canalhas to have a pilot aboard. Yachts also have to have 4 line handlers and an engine operator/ helm sm an.W hen w e knew w hat day w e w ere to go through w e could m ake arrangem ents w ith other yachties about line-handling.W e arranged for 2 Englishm en from a m onohullto go through w ith us (w e helped them the nextday).Ourfifth person was a Germ an hitch-hiker w ho w as pretty useless but m ade the num bers up.

lfyou plan justto go through the

Panam a Canalyou shouldn't reall y need a cruising perm it but the officials say that ifyou anchor at either end you m ust have one.There are heavy fines if you are caught w ithout one but some yachts risked it.W e paid our $29 US and got som e nice sheets of paper w ith rubber stam ps on in return! The actualtransi t started w ell. W e'd a verv early breakfast w hen our pilot,Arm ando, arrived and we m otored the 6 li m iles along the first part of the canal.The canalis 5O0 feet w ide here,the edges disappearing into mangroves w hich w e graduall y began to see as it got Iight. Nearthe entrance to the first Iock w e had to m otor slow ly around w aiting forthe ship w hose Iockage w e w ere sharing to enter.'Southern Cross'of M onrovia Iooked really enorm ous as she edged into the Iock entrance but Iw as m ore concerned about ouroutboard - idling about doesn't agree w ith it! W e follow ed the ship into the Iock w here w orkm en threw dow n thin Iines w eighted w i e 'm onkeys fists'. W e attached each of our 100/Iines to these w hich w ere pulled back'up to the l ockside w here they were slipped over bollards. Each Iine-handler kept his Iine taut as the gates closed behind us and the

The Sea People/sailorman No.6 June 1986

water began to boil. In Gatun Iocks there are 3 cham bers each 110'w ide and 1,000/long.W ater rushes into the Iocks through w ells in the floorof each cham ber 4'in diam eter.The I ock w as filled in I ess than 15 m inutes. The turbulence w as quite am azing! It is w orse in the first Iock because salt w ater m ixes w i th the fresh causing unusualcurrents.

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W hen 'Southern Cross'm oved into the second Iock our m en sent the lines back dow n and 'IKIROA'slow ly m otored into the second cham ber, m en w alking along w ith the thin lines. As w e neared the stern of the ship w e Iet out ourlines again and w ere m ade fast. It was m oving into the third Iock that the outboard stopped suddenly. She re-started first pullbut that w as

justa sign ofthingsto come! W hen we gOt into Gatun Lake Tim began to take the engine to pieces w hile w e sailed. He checked the plugs,points,fuelpipe etc.etc. Luckily Arm ando Iiked yachts and had never been on a cat.before.W hen got the spinnaker up he w as in elem ent - sitting steering w ith a in his hand. As w e neared Gaillard Cut Arm ando asked if w e thought the engine w ould m ake it.W e feared he m ight tellus to stay at the yacht club

here and continue the journey another day.(M ore expense and problem s). Tim had repaired the engine so it w ould w ork but only if it w as continuously pum ped by hand.He told Arm ando 'yes' and the pilot said 'O K'.Ibreathed a sigh of relief. Gaillard Cut is very narrow and 8 m iles Iong but w e managed to sail along it and arrived at Pedro M iguel Lock before our next ship 'North M archioness'arrived.Going dow n yachts always go into the Iock ahead of ships and w hile this m eans there is no propellorturbulence there is instead the aw fulfeeling as the ship

19


advances closerand closer untilthe bow s of the ship are flaring above you. As the ship begins to enter the lock its tug nips around ahead of it and ties up to the w all.W e then w ent beside the tug and the ship followed cl ose behind.W e tied onto the tug and w hen w e w ere dow n to the Ievel of M iraflores Lake we m otored out first,Going alongside a tug is the al ternative to going centre lock and our pilot w as told w hat we should do w here. M iraflores Lake is only 5/6 of a m ile Iong so we w ere soon lied centre Iock w aiting forthe ship to follow us - no tug this tim e. Tim and Ibegan to relax at Iast as w e knew w e could sailfrom now on. It w as 7.00 p.m .w hen we anchored opposite Balboa Y. C. and prepared and ate our evening m eal.1'd prepared lunch,etc.forthe others but Tim and Iw ere too busy and apprehensi ve to eat untilit was a1lover. W e didn't go to the Y. C.as they charge an entry fee of $15 US and so m uch per day!W e w ould have gone on to Tabaga island but had to return to Colon to Iine-handle forthe foll ow ing day.There is a cheap railw ay w hich runs besi de the canal but the I ast train w as 5.30 p.m .so

w e had to go by bus (cheap but slow ). Going through on som eone else's yacht is great!No anxieties w hatsoever.

The transit cost us $115 US, including adm easurem ent and aIl yachts paid m ore or less the same. Some of this is a sort of deposit and about $3O is refunded a couple of m onths Iater. Although being anxious about the engine m arred the trip rather,going through the canalis a fantastic experience.W e also felt that w e'd got through a sort of half-way point from now on w e had only the Pacifi c ahead of us:the South Seas fullof rom antic sounding islands;Fatu Hiva, Tahi ti,the Tuam otus,the Cooks,

Tonga,Fi ji...Polynesia beckoned us.

C;M X

Tim & Heather's progress to the Galapagos and to Nuku Hiva was alreadv published in SEA PEOPLE/ SAILORM AN No. 5,page 9. Their voyage then continued to Tonga, from w here thev w rote on October 24th. . W e're anchored in a horsehoeshaped bay w ith a golden sandy beach and clearturquoise and blue waters.Outside the bay Ican see other palm clad islets:blue sky, tropicalfish allround the boat - this really is a cruising paradise.Vava'u is fullof anchorages so you can m otor round a headland,sailfor an hour 2, 1 4 a day,w hateveryou fancy. There's a chart you can buy for $1 in Nei afu w hich num bers aIIthe anchorages so you hear people say :'1'11m eet you at 11 on Friday - l'm off to 6, 15 and 25''!

W e're taking it easy here relaxing - as we're beginning to feel w e've crossed a lot of oceans in the Iast year.the trip to N.Z.is rum oured to be quite bad - i t has the sam e sort of reputation as Biscay.W e're going south next week to the Hapaii Group - then to Tonga Tapu and we'11 be Iistening to the w eatherand deciding w ben to go.W e should be in the Bay of lslands forChristmas.

Nov 23rd Nuku Alofa, Tonga Tapu

Planning to leave here 26th.Had a bi t of a problem getting visas as you have to show proof of so m uch in funds per m onth ($400 NZ each)plus, if your boat is uninsured proof of substantialfunds. Since w e don't

have bank statem ents (we haven't enough anyway!)orAm erican Express cards,etc.w e coul dn't prove anything. Luckily a NZ friend of ours on a yacht here offered to sponsor/ guarantorfor us and we talked the guy into giving us the visas. W e're Iooking forward to getting to New Zealand.W e need w ork as funds are Iow.Tim at any rate m ust get a

job.I'm pregnantso couldn'twork for

long anyw ay - the baby's due in April.W e want to get 'IKIROA'on' dry land som ew here and do a thorough paint and antifouland cleaning operation. Did Iever mention we m etyour o1d friend Henry W akelam in the M arquesas? He's quite a character.

jY t .

.

AVANT atjournev's end in Vilanova.Note the welldesigned cockpitbehind the cabfn 20

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


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COASTAL CRUISING INTRODUCTION Readers of m y book 'Tw o GirlseTw o Catam arans',w illrealize that I have Iived in Spain and love the country and its peoples,particularly the Galician inhabitants of the North and Northw est coastof Spain

(Galicia),the people that cared for us so m any years ago,w hen w e were very poor Iiving on the 23 ft.TANGAROA. So,itw as w ith particularpleasure that Iread this account of a NARAIM k IV,built in Galicia,then sailed dow n w hatthey callthe 'Coastof Death,tbe area w hich Idescribe in another part of this issue as suitable for only very skilled coastaltrekkers. Preparing the SEA PEOPLE/SAILORM AN can be a 'chore',particularly when the weatheris fit forsailing,but through the m agazine one meets such nice people.IIove the cheery note in this account,that four of the crew had neverm et before,but through the boat they becam e good friends.This is how sailing should be.

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lt w as seven days of sailing nonstop,day and night, w ith allthe weariness that that m eant.On board were six people and only fourknew each other before.The m utualinterest in sailing helped to solve the sm all problem s betw een us.The sailw as so peacefulthat w e m ade use of the w inds force 2 - 3 to put the ship in order,and that stopped us getting bored.Som e days w ere too calm .l rem em ber off Sines a calm that Iet us sleep 48 hours.There w as only one danger off Lisboa,the crew of a fishing boat boarded us w hile everybody w as asleep.W e had fog and rain tw ice and alw ays at night. W e w illalw ays rem em ber our arrivalat Ayam onte.The w ind and the bad w eatherprevented our anchor holding and off w e w ent untila ship biggerthan ours stopped us.At 0900 hrs w e were going to the Strait. On August 17th w e stopped at

Nerja (50 km eastofMalaga)for petroland we Ieft right aw ay. Remem bering Adlard Coles w e got to

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Torrevieja on the 19th.A line oftired

by Juan-Antonio Villalba In October i t rains a Iot in the

w ere there.A polynesian catam aran in

province ofLa CoruĂ´a (North Spain).

a celtiberian area was everybody's

The w eather is col d and the days are short.W e got the building plans of

centre of attention. over the next tw o years we sailed onjy once irla while. M ostofthe w inter tj ne boat rested at anchor because w e jnad to go to M adrid to w ork. spring of 1985 w as im portant. A trip w as planned to a fam iliar sea, 'rhe M editerranean. The m ove aII around the coast of Spain w as m ade during ourholidays.

ourNaraion a Friday.Atthe weekend they w ere hanging on the w alls of ourhouse. A feeling of guilt because of our ''foolish idea'' - a polynesian cat being built in a m ining tow n, m ade it im possible for m y w ife lsabeland m yself to explain to other people the reason forus staying at hom e during the week ends.

O n August 7th 1985 w e pull ed up the anchor in Sada at 0700 hrs,and During the two years my wife and I we gotto Bayona (Vigo)the 8th at were occupied w ith three things:our 1500 hrs. w e w ent along the ''Coast tw o sons and ourcatam aran AVANT. of Death'' w ith steering trouble,

The graphic story ofthe building process (through pictures)w as sent to Jam es and Ruth.

AIlthe projectwas wellexplained except for the im perialm easurements that necessitated us to m ake a di fficult translation of term s into the decim alsystem .Isabelim proved her English w ith so m any nauticalwords.

The boat was built in a w arehouse that we rented in the tow n of Puente deGarcia Rodriguez (La Corur ha),50 km east of ElFerroland 53 km south of Punta de Estaca de Bares. We celebrated the launching in Sada, a coast tow n on the Betanzos river. It was a big party.Friends, unbelieving people,aIlthose w ho had asked us questions,aIIthose w ho neverthought w e would succeed,

because Ofthe cable thatjoins the W heelto the tiller.A 7 m m cable finished its function w hen it broke at one of the blocks.It w as changed to

people got 150 litres of petrolto the ship.The sam e day w e arrived before evening at Alicante. In Alicante Isabelwas waiting for us.W ith her we got perm anent fine w eather and the M editerranean,as a gift for her, gave us the best part of the trip. O n the 20th w e Ieft Alicante and a couple of days Iater as w e anchored in the m iddle of the harbour.our AVANT got a w elcom e from the bells of Vilanova. $ AVANT sailed 1300 nauticalm iles, 500 of those under engine.The catam aran dem onstrated how good she w as.The years we spent w orking on herw ere faraw ay.The holidays w ere ending ...and a w interto m ake plans w ouldn't be enough to calm our im patience.Today w ithout sails,our AVANT w aits forthe good w eather.

qo mm rope and the resultwas great.

It was good experience forthe builder to prove how easy it w as to steer w ith tillers directly.

The Sam e day w e I eft Bayona at 1800 hrs.W e were in a hurry to sail. o ur course w as Iaid to go around cabo San Vicente. O n August 13th w e m ade itat 1900 hrs. The cat was sailing wonderfully. The deck w asn't w et and w e decided to go on to

Ayamonte tHuelva),where we arrived On the 14th after going up the Guadiana River.At 1415 hrs our anchor dropped in the sam e place in the river, w here centuries ago Phoenician anchors Iay.

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

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The first article in this Building Section is the W harram building norm ;Think is out carefully;plan step by step;go deep inside yourself; becom e 'Iike a m onk'.It needs carefulreading and absorbing. The second article is one that w illappealto m any people.Get skilled,Iow cost builders in som e exotic Iand,and end up w ith a faster-built beautifulboat,and at the sam e tim e have Iived in a w onderfulplace. lt can be done and the article of Jeremy Ladd Crossshow s how.It does have its pitfalls. A readerof the better new spapers Iike 'The Tim es',and its equivalent in any Country,w illknow that m any Iow cost building Countries do have revolution,rapid change of G overnm ent,socialorracialunrest,that w ould turn one's building paradise into a nightm are.Still,w ith care,it can be done. THOUGHTS ON BUILDING A N A RA IM K IV by M arten von Jena ln the Fallof 1982,A lice C.and I decided to buil d a NaraiM k lV. It w as built at the si de of ourhouse in Santa Cruz,California. For years, Ihad been inspired by Jam es W harram 's fine desi gns.M ike M andis,a friend of ours and cobuilder had been building his Naraifor som e seven years and had reached the com pletion stage in October '82 -

justas we were beginning.He also

encouraged us to com m ence and kindly allowed m e to help him com plete the finishing w ork on his boat, KAHILI.As a result,Iw as able to learn a great dealfrom him as to the intricacies of building a Naraiand also gain som e fractionalexperience w hi ch served me w ellat a Iater date. At the outset,it m ust be said that building a 4O'x 20'boat is not only a feat in itself,but also one that has far reaching consequences on the Iifestyle of the builders them selves. M oney w hich had previously been abundant for other things w as now tied,or dried, up;fri ends felt neglected or alienated as m ore tim e, energy and m oney w ere directed towards the construction.Finally,the w hole thing becam e a constant m editation.And Isom etim es felt Iike a m onk in a m onastery, in hiding. Wi thout this discipline,it is very hard to carry on m onth after m onth. Anyone contem plating building a Iarger boat such as a M k IV shoul d,in m y opinion,considerthe follow ing. 1. Can you build the boat at your house orclose by it? Should you build at a com m ercial'boat yard',it w illprove to be m ore expensive and tim e consum ing.People w ill engage you in endless conversations and you m ay consume m ore beer than you everintended to. Not only w illthe w ork suffer,but your t ools and things m ay actually get ' ripped off' Best to be 'close'to yourboat.

22

Do you have the m oney to do the

job,orcan you getit as you go

along? Should you figure 1he building costs to be $20,000,in actuality it m ay turn out to be half as m uch again.On top of that,and on com pletion,you m ay stillneed $10 15,000 to get 'under-way'. If you w ant a good dependable boat, you should be prepared to use only m arine m aterials, preferably (in my opinion) m ahogany and m ahogany related m aterials.It was decided to use the follow ing m aterials for our boat. a. Luan ti m berthroughout b. M ahogany plyw ood forskinning C. Si licon Bronze ring nails d. Stainless and galvanized fittings e. System 3 epoxy gl ue f. Epoxy paint,Z-spar brand g. Spruce m asts h. Fir spars and beam s i. Deks Ol je forwood treatment

Cheaper materials w illdo,but chances of deteriorization,rot,and m aintenance problem s w illincrease and the boat w illinevi tably be w orth m uch less in value should it be resold.M y feeling is that since one hopefull y w illuse the boat as a fIoating hom e and vehicle,it should be ofthe finest m aterial available and carefully built.Luan is a m edium strength w ood,Iight and very rot resistant.ĂŽt also holds fi ttings extrem ely w ellw ithout splitting.Icertainly would use it again on another constructi on, although fir,pine,or redw ood m ay

do the job relatively well. 5.Do you have the tim e? The building tim e m ay vary considerably, depending on skiII,tim e and m oney; m any peopI e considering building a boat m ay have to w ork fulIor part-tim e.This m akes the task enorm ous.Fortunately,since I m anufacture Japanese furniture on a sm allscale as a side-line,Iw as able to incorporate the tw o types of building into a managable and profi table operalion.Building a boat is not for dablers oras w e say around here, 'fIakes'.It takes dedication,courage,and a great dealof support from Ioved ones and friends.In m y experience,were Ito do it again,lshould probably build a sm aller vessel, such as a Tangaroa 35 ' - w ith a sim pIe sprit rig. Ishould advise anyone contem plating building a Polynesian cat, w ho m ay have m inim um skills

The Sea People/sailorm an No. 6 June 1986


and money,to consider a sm aller boat such as the Tangaroa.Building the NaraiM k IV is a m ountainous task,as anyone having built one w illattest to.The Narai,of course, ĂŽs also 'M UCH M O RE BOAT'.

6.VOLUM E BUYING O F M ATERIALS. W e bought our m aterials as w e went along,and Iost a 1ot of money over the w holesale purchaser.Attem pt to buy your plywood in one go if at al1possible. This m eans uniform ity of m aterial and an insurance against price increases.The Naraitakes approxim ately 90 sheets of m arine plyw ood,w hich represents a si zeable chunk of m oney.W henever you can,buy in volum e and be sure to shop around carefully. I reali ze of course that m ost people earn their m oney as they go along, as w e do,and are therefore ' com pelled to buy in instalm ents or sm allquantities.Better, i f possible, to arrange for a bank loan and buy in volum e.Think big,onlv if you . can.Otherw ise,you m ay end up over your neck w ith m any resentments and frustrations,and also deeply in debt. At the outset of discussing som e ofthe practicalconsiderations of the building, Iet m e say that the boat and the plans them selves are of a 'M AGICAU nature that w illinevitably enthuse and enliven the prospective builder.They are undoubtedly the work of an artist and aIfcredi t m ust go to the phenom enalingenui ty of Jam es W harram .Ishoul d mention Hanneke Boon,w ho is responsible for the m asterfulplan draw ings w hich originall y attracted m e to the desi gn. The plans aldow each person som e elbow room ,som e leew ay forindividuality and eccentricity. Ifeelthat this is the way Jam es intended it, being a rugged indivi dualist him self. It should be rem em bered,though that the engineering ofthese boats is extrem ely sound and should not,in m y opini on: be tam pered w ith.Try as lm ight, 1found that lcould only ! im prove on the desi gn in m inor w ays, mostfy of a cosm etic nature.So don't attempt to change the engineering if . you value yourlife. Let me list a num berof the advantages of the design over other boats,expecially m onohulls. 1. The boat can be buil t w ith m inim um or 'acquired' carpentry 6;hzills. 2.It is very Iight w ith huge deck space. 3.Has w atertight bulkheads. 4.Hulls are flexibly connected for great resilience and strength.

5.Can be beached and worked on alm ost anyw here, especially on a beach. 6.Has a variety of rigs. 7.Can be sailed anyw here w ith m inim um discom fort or heeling Over.

8.ls Iarge enough for4 forcom fortable ocean cruising. There are som e points w hich w e noted in building,w hich m ay help save tim e and m oney.Consider! a. The stringers should be sanded and bevelled BEFORE being attached to the bulkheads.This is because the sanding process and bevelling for shelf-bearing are extrem ely difficult to do after the stringers are install ed.

b. It is probably better to initially build the shelloftwo hulls (ifyou have room to turn them together)sim ultaneously,as this quickerprocess m eans m aking everything in duplicate.This w illsave tim e and m oney in the Iong run.

and tend to favourthe Ketch or G aff rigs.Incidentally,at the tim e of w riting,Jam es has kindly volunteered to create a specialGaff rig for our boat w hich w ould give

the follow ing advantages: (1)1ow aspectforsafety;(2)buil tcheaply w ith w ood; (3)can be sailed single handed and w illpoint 50 degrees offthe w ind,and (4)can be repaired anyw here,freeing you 'from the yard'.fsee Sea People Nr.5 p.383 The Iast consideration,and not the Ieast, is EQUIPPING THE BOAT. Having sailed a NaraiM k lV, Im ust say that it is an exhilarating experience.How ever,sailing in the bay and over the ocean are tw o entirely different things.M ost people w ish to m ake an extended ocean voyage:and my hunch is

i

i

,

Good helping hands are useful,m ore so an understanding and encouraging W om all.

c. BUTTBLO CKS.Littl e is said in the plans of the nature of these.From w hat lhave gleaned,plyw ood of the sam e nature as the skin should be used and they should be fairly wi de (possibly 8'').This may need to be clarified by the designer him self. d.BIG PRO BLEM S.M y experience w ith rigs is Iim ited to W estern sailing of Ketch,Sloop, and Cutter. Having given little thought to the rig initially,Ifound m yself som ew hat perplexed w hen the tim e cam e to choose. You see,forthe boat w e are considering,there are m any possible rigs such as Cutter, Cutter Ketch,Junk,Sprit,and Gaff.

Aftermuchcontemqlation,Iwould

advise anyone to thlnk over very carefully w hat they w ant the rig for and how they are going to m aintain it.A W estern rig is very efficient but afso extrem ely expensive to build and it 'ties you to 1he yard'. W hen the boat has been built (m inus rigging),a person stillonly has the bottom half,Iike a car w ithout an engine and transm issi on. Initially, we decided to take the boat to w ilderness places and have a rig com m ensurate w ith this style of Iiving.To this day (although the boat i tselfis com pleted m inus rig), Ihave not m ade a finaldecision

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

that m ost Iargerboats designed by J. W .are built forthis purpose.A word of w arning! Novices think, ''W hen I've built the boat, 1'11go'' They w on't!There are hundreds of item s, som e quite costly,such as Ii ferafts,engines and sails,w i thout w hich the prospective traveller w ould be hard put to in a tight situation.Allcost m oney; som e are prohibitive and m ay be done w ithout. Som e are indispensible.In Am erica,1should say one would need another $10,000 orm ore to equip a boat w i th m inim um requirem ents,forocean sailing.So consider that you have som e extra cash forthis along w ith those travellers cheques,cash,silver, etc. W ould ldo it again? You bet even on a shoestring!How ever,you have to be dedicated, even fanatical in yourapproach.Otherw ise,you m ay be building boats for a very Iong tim e, getting m ore and m ore desperate to go sailing but unabl e to do so,and finally quitting.Good helping hands are useful,m ore so an understanding and encouraging wom an. Finally,thank you Jam es,thank you Ruth,and thank you Hanneke,for aII your inspirations.The sea is for sailing on,and you have successfully show n us,your 'afficionados',the

way to go. God Bless!

I'W

22


THE BUILDING OF A 'CA PTAIN COOK'('TEPUHI')IN THE PHILIPPINES by Jerem y Ladd Cross As a confirm ed m onohuller since the age of five from sailing dinghi es to m axis,cruising,racing,in and offshore as w ellas having ow ned a num berof boats there began several years ago a grow ing interest in m ultihulls,particularly catam arans. A nyone interested in catam arans w illsoon if not im m ediately com e across the designs of Jam es W harram W ow !the brochures and study plans - an English version of ''Playboy''? - soft curves,soft w oods, Pacific Isles,it can be built at hom e and sails.A bit too m uch fantasy,better stick w ith the Crowther's,Kelsall/s,Shuttlew orth's, etc.as circum stances w ere such as not having to consider a hom ebuilt catam aran as the only alternative. . So pl unge into the realm of new reality w ith the purchase of the first catam aran from Gordon M iller,ow ner/ buil der of ''STRATOSPHERE''#a m agnificent 60 ft.catam aran designed by David Barker,w hich presently is on Christm as Island,

Pacific Ocean (discovered by Captain Cook)undergoing repairs as she Iost both rudders in transi t from Florida to

the Philippines (59 days at sea from Panam a to Christm as Island - a record ofsom e sort). Only after a considerable am ount of research,discussions w itb m ultihull designers and builders as w ellas a good dealof experience in a11types of multihullsyprim arily catam arans,that fullknow ledge,understanding and appreciation of w hat w as behind aII those soft curves on the W harram brochures becam e apparent.The W harram designs are w ithout doubt the best designed catam arans - they are not the fastest as optim um speed was neverthe criteria,but certainly the m ost stable seaw orthy catam arans afloat.This can be further evidenced by tracing the progression of design changes of otherm ultihull architects w herein m any of their im provem ents are either based on or coincide w ith the proven concepts of W harram . W hile it had taken som etim e to arri ve at this stage i t w as as if a huge burden had been lifted,an im m ense relief to have found a series of designs in w hich there is com plete know ledge,understanding and confidence w ithout any com prom ises. I t then was a relatively sim ple task of selecting the specific W harram design that best suited the requirements resul ting in a decision to purchase a set of building plans forthe CAPTA IN COO K.At this point there w as a bit of uneasiness,serious doubts as to exactly w hat w ould be received in the way of plans in relationship to their relatively inexpensive cost as previously in review ing severalhom e

24

building plans of otherdesigners, not inexpensive ones either,they w ere found to be totally inadequate for som eone otherthan an experienced shipw right.ln fact at one tim e a com plete set of plans had been purchased from one of the wellknow n m ultihullarchitects w hich consisted of a few pages of Iine draw ings and hastily w ri tten notes thereon.W hile these w ere intended for a professionalyet tw o experienced yards declined to quote as com plete inform ation w as in theiropinion Iacking.Anyway upon receiving the building plans forthe CAPTA IN COO K a1Ianxieties disappeared.Everything w as com plete,Iots of draw ings, sketches, notations,etc.No questions w hatsoever of w hat is to be done and how to do it.In fact no com m unication w ith the W harram office on any technicalquestions as to m aterials,construction m etbod, etc.has been required as everything is qui te clear. Otherthan repairs and m aintenance,previous boat building experience had been lim ited to the construction of a sailing dinghy and an 18 ft.sloop;but it w as enough to realise that construction of a 42' PAHICAPTA IN COO K w as not going to be undertaken individually on a hom ebuild basis.The desire w as to build the boat in the Philippines not onl y because of residing here but there is a ready supply of both Ium ber and qualified Iabourat very reasonable costs.However,as a result of the num erous com panies both forei gn and Iocalw hich had

attemqted toconstructboats inthe

Philipplnes in the past and failed, ini tialconsideration w as given to having the boat built w ithin the region by either a professionalyard or individual.Visits to yards in Hong Kong and Taiw an disclosed that severalof these coul d have done an

excellentjob.However,theircost

w hile seem ingly inexpensive w hen com pared to Australian,European or U.S.rates w ere grossl y excessive in com parison to costs in other areas of activity w ithin the region.Therefore, faced w ith paying w hat w as considered to be excessively high and non-proportionalrates i t w as decided to re-exam ine the practicality of constructing the CAPTA IN COOK on a hom ebuild basis in the Philippines. One of the m arvellous things and there are m any about the W harram catam arans is their sim plicity not only in design and m ethod of construction but m aterials as w ell.Aftercarefully restudying the m aterialrequirem ents it w as found that the boat could be constructed w ithout having to im port any m aterials w hatsoever.That is not lo say that aI1m aterials were m anufactured w ithin the country but forthose item s such as sheathing fabric w hich were not,they w ere found to be readil y available from a num berof sources at reasonable costs w hile on the otherhand m any

of the item s initi ally assum ed as having to be im ported such as epoxy w ere found to be m anufactured w ithin the country. Just at the tim e w hen a decision had been reached to construct the CAPTAIN COO K on a homebuild basis a Iocalyard w hich had recently been purchased by a group of know ledgeable foreign individuals som e of w hich had previous m ultihullexperience expressed a sincere and serious interest to undertake construction of the CAPTAIN COOK and any other W harram designs should there be any requirem ents in the future.Although the quotation from the yard approxim ated in-house estim ates it w as decided to have the yard

undertake the projectfortwo major

reasons:First - quoted com pletion tim e w as fourm onths, one m onth to get aI1m aterials on site and not m ore than three m onths to build including the installation of ow ner supplied equipm ent as w ellas additionalitem s not included in the plans, and secondly - the yard w as a registered export com pany located w ithin a Free Trade Zone and as such any item s could be im ported on a duty and tax free basis.W hile this w as not of significant im portance as faras the basic hullwas concerned it did offer im portant consideration as it allow ed forthe tax and duty free im portation of aIIequipm ent so that com plete outfitting could be accom plished at the yard versus having to either outfit by paying duties and taxes on im ported equipm ent orto take the boat to Hong Kong for outfitting. Additionally governm ent regulations are such as lo preclude any harassm ent or lim itations as to sea trials as is the case in som e countries. In hindsight w hat was overlooked and w hat later proved to be the greatest contributing factor to com pleting a w ellfounded boat w as the wealth of technicalknow ledge and experience existing at a1IIevels am ong the yard personnelw hich otherw i se w ould sim ply have been non-existent to the sam e high degree of com petency. As you read this,''TEPUHI''(boats nam e)is in the w ater - sea trials -

enjoying lovely sunny weather250C + w ith coolnortheast trades betw een late season typhoons getting alIsystem s working,you m ay wish to

considerthe conclusion ofthis project

w hich is:no rationalperson shoul d ! even consider hom e construction of a ! boat this size unless they possess a profici ent degree of boat building experience for the only conceivable

reason to undertake such a project is

purely personalsatisfaction because i t is possible to have a professionally built catam aran at a cost equivalent to oreven fess than w hat it w ould cost you to do so at hom e. Those considering hom e building on the basis of cost savings - in

The Sea People/w-ailorm an No.6 June 1986


many instances this m ay be false econom ies and you m ay w ish to exam ine your costings and com pare that to otheralternatives w hich are available. For exam ple the cost of quality materials and equipm ent for any boat such as the CAPTAIN CO OK is about

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L atest Sailing News of TEPUHI Ican tellyou the boat sails beautifully now , betterthan 50 o of w indspeed w hile pointing. Of course one can not find aIIthings in one boat my only com m ent is that in w inds of Iess than 7kts true w ind speed it is difficult to get the boat m oving at more than 3kts (stillnotbad), but once the w ind builds,she flys and is really lovely in heavy seas and high w inds.

O n our w ay up to M anila we had four hours of w inds of 35 knots gusting to 46 or47 true w indspeed, Had stay sailup, w ith two reefs in the main, bearing to w indw ard close headed (now boat tacks thru 95 to 100 degrees), speeds steady 6 1/2 kts on reach, 7+ kts in gusts. Boat handling like a dream .

By the way, Icom pletely did away Wi th the traveler system as m uch .usttoo clutter,so m ain sheet is J fixed am id-ship on stern net beam .Traveler w ould be handy in heavy w eather but easing out the m ain is not any problem . A lso rebuil t and repositioned turning bIocks. Lead position per plans are not correct for a1Isails. Also com pletely threw aw ay the staysail w ishbone i t does absolutely nothing but take up a 1ot of space, clutter, etc. A nyw ays, having lots of fun and . enloy ,,TEPUHI,,. (SheetIeads are very sensitive to the cutof the sailand can never be preciselv predicted.Thev are alwavs bestpositioned after the sails have been hoisted. Ed.)

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986 A

qua skilled receiving Iess than US $1.00 per m anhouroras in the above exam ple a potentialsavings of US $48,000.00 orm ore.W ow 1 . yes, but it is a fact,one w hich som e people have been realizing and is precisely the reason you see and even ow n aIIthose im ported item s.Som e jj1::1hI''I''Ilsi!uuijders faiIto Iook into the

potentialsavings in Iabourcoston a

realiStiC baSiS:3FC the deSigner'S estim ated m anhours realistic often

.

.

.. ' .. ,

with judicious purchasing these price variations including shipping cost w ill even them selves out overthe range of materials and equipm ent purchased; al lhough,some yards w illallow you to supply any m aterials and equipm ent as w ellas to purchase through their channels w hich even w ith the yards' m ark up can be Iess expensive than w hat you are able to obtain.Underthis type of arrangem ent m aterials and equipm ent costs can turn out to be som ew hat less than w hat you could realize yourself; how ever,in essence there are no realm aterialand equipm ent cost savings available to the hom ebuilder. W hile the above m ay com e as unpIeaSant neW S there iS On0 potentialarea of enorm ous savings to the hom ebuilderand that is in the area of Iabour rates in m any yards are US $25.00 perm anhour and for

experi e nce Suchlinasatpe O arc hieve j etjon w itj. sonaIIy (: ;(: )1 -) 1I :)

acceptabletimeframeandperhaps yy. joy .e jry .jj)ortay . jtj y ayjtjoften 0Verlooked,w ho is going to heIp you on a regu1arand steady basis

.

throughouttheprolectasr ' nanyofthe t a sk s s i m p I y c a n n o t b e a c plished j)!j/,oneindividuaIA carefuIcIyomand .

c rj tj(;ajevaIuationofthepotentiaI SaV .

savings are farlessthan originally cipated. anti wj nile there are definite savings to be realised in Iabour cost it w ould be m ore realistic to equate any potential Savings not so m uch in com parison w ith hourly yard rates but ratherto considerthe totalcost of the boat if built at hom e versus having sam e ed professionally. Ifafterthis COnStruct i son a professionally built boat Com parparticul in your ar area appears to be t0O expensi ve then you m ay want to

Considerbuilding in a country such as the Philippines w hich allow s for a professionally built boat w ith high standards of quality at a realistic and affordable price as a possible alternative. M A Bu HAy and see you ''Out there doing it''. . .

25


e . * J

by Jam es W harram Fvery so often the 'Sea

People/sailorm an'willhave a 'Disaster Page' .HopefullY not too often.

.

Do take care Exposed-coast Coastal Tekkersll Som e 'Disasters'ifnot for the people involved,but for the outsider,have a certain Black Hum our.In others 'allends well' . Som e are unm itigated Iosses. The w orstare those w here Iife is Iost, so far in the historv of Polvnesian Catam aran Designs thev are verv s w. The follow ing 6 Disasters speak forthem sel ves:

DISASTER 2 D/saster 2 is from South Africa described by Laurence M oorcrof ,t. TALE OF TW O CATAM ARANS (A M OVING EXPERIENCE) by Law rence M oorcroft The annals ofhuman behaviour abound with tales ofheroism in defending Iife and property.Such a person, by the nam e DEREK W ARD, can now be added to thatIistof brave m en and w om en. oerek is nearina the comoletion of his exquisitely builtTANGAROA ' that has taken him fouryears to date. Some 12 months ago Derek moved his boatfrom the tangle ofAfrican bush where he had started her,to a yacht club on Durban's harbourw here he has painstakingly been putting the finishing touches to his W harram cat. Lying across the canalfrom that yacht club w as a TEHINIoriginally nam ed ''Feronia'' This boat never

rocked back and stuck,so more of the skeg was cutoff.The borrowed t stillbattled to pullthe boatup tr j aact e ror amp , so i twas decided by the brokerto give the Ioad a jerk.They backed the tractorup to one ofthe

TEHINI'S bow s,onto w hich the tow rope was fixed.Then the new tow vehicle shotforward, ripping outthe starboard stempostl!Closer inspection revealed that the hullw as halffullof w ater. Again,this problem had a very sim ple soluti on. The m an from the brokers w entalong and Slammed holes into the sides ofthe hUllto Ietthe waterout.And outit did run, but it did not help;the boat refused to trundle up the slipway. Itwas then decided to dismantle the boatand pullone hulloutata tim e up the ram p. This,needl ess to say, necessitated thatthe singl e hull had to be supported by a set of Vee fram es on w heels.The brokerdul y Procured a set of 4 sm allm etal Castors,each of w hich were fixed to a plank.These planks were then secured to the hullby driving m assive galvanised nails straight through into the hull.A single supporting brace WaS nailed to each,also straight into the hull.The yacht club tractorw as borrow ed once m ore and a tow rope secured to it and the now ''W heeled' '' j aull. 7-jle tractor had hardly m oved f d a few centim etres w hen the OrWar castors stuck in the uneven ground, causing the nailed-on fram es to bend back and the hullto topple over onto i ts side

DISASTER 1

sailed outof Durban harbourand has

Som etim e in the Spring Bob Sprange,an advanced builderof a TIKI31 in the Bristolarea,w i th hulls built,cabin floor fitted and ready for decking, 400 w orking hours,rang us up on a Sunday evening and asked Hanneke: ''How do you put the stem and stern posts back to the correct angle w hen they have been pushed vertically upright?!'' Itook over the 'phone.Bob w as stillin a state of shocked excitement. He w as building his TIKI31 in a barn . A farm w orker, so Bob said, ''had it in for him ''.he alw ays looked at Bob so m iserably and finally deliberately backed a,m uckspreaderinto the tw o hulls ,j amming them up againstthe w allofthe barn,and hey presto instantverticalstem and stern postsl! W ellIthoughl overaIIthe possible hullfailures and rang him back w ith various repairpossibilities. 3d ays Iater Bob rang back again w ith this story: f ''First the good new s - the arm w orker did not have it in for me, he had a grudge against the farm er. Now the bad new s,w hen he found

been Ieft to the elem ents since her Iaunching,probably 8 years ago. ow nership of ''Feronia''changed hands a few tim es and she'w as eventually bought by a young m an nam ed Pettit. P ,, ettit needed to get tzhe now very , , , y m uch w orse for wear eronia'' from the reeds w here she lay rotting t table for restoring ho a place m ore sui er . To t hi s end he ployed the services of a profesem sionalyacht broker W hom he had had dealings w ith before.The agreem ent, by w ord of m outh only, w as that the com pany W ould m ove the iII''Feronia''from acrossthe canal(some 2O0 m etres) to a private slipw ay and there Iift her onto the hard, so that Pettit could w ork on her. M eanw hile, Derek W ard w as working on hi s TANGAROA about 50 m etres from the slipw ay and saw the TEHINIarrive there to be taken out of the w ater.The m ethod agreed upon to get the TEHINIup the ram m p w as tjaat pettit would supply steelround b ars and the brokerrs w ould pullthe boat up along these rollers.According to the representative from the yacht brokers,the rollers that Petti t supplied w ere too sm allin diam eterto do the

outthatthe boatbelonged to me,and

job.To remedy this,the brokerhelped

precariously balanced I oad straightfor

had notdistressed (too m uch)the farm er he cam e back w ith the m uckspreaderand sm ashed THE BARN DOW N with m y boat in i t. It is now a TOTAL LOSS!!!'' Bob Sprange is now considering buil ding a PAHI 63. He probably hopes that in building it,it w illbe strong enough to hold up any sm ashed dow n barn.

him selfto som e ofthe yachtclub's fence poles. He then borrow ed the yacht club's tractorand proceeded to pull''Feronia'' up the very uneven ram p. Needless to say,the catam aran rocked back on i ts skegs and stuck! This presented no trouble to the broker's representative he sim ply Rroduced a handsaw and cut off part Of the offending skeg.Stillthe boat

oerek w ard's TA NGAROA !!Derek wj ao had w atched the preceding , w eek's activi ty around the TEHINI wi th a m ixture of incredulousness and dism ay, now realised to his horrorthat the fork Iift w ould have to pass through the gate next to his TANGAROA and in the process, need to Iift the unstable hullacross his boat.

26

.

A IIthe above m entioned episode Rlayed off overa peri od ofa week and during aIIthis tim e the slipw ay

W as blocked so thatthe angling club to w hom i t belonged could not m ake Use Of i t.The spectacle of a 51 ft. TEHINIhullon its side like a stranded

whale did notdeterthe ever

resourcefulbroker. (He told m e on the pj yone that he w as ''NO PEANUT'' and had successfully m oved boats in far m ore com plex situations back in Englandlllj. The tractor idea was discarded and a m assive container stacking fork Iift w as ''borrow ed'' from the nearby containerterm inal 'rjlis m onstrous m achine scooped up . the coll apsed hullathw artships across the tw o forks and proceeded to trundle up the ram p w i th its

The Sea People/sailorm an No. 6 June 1986


r'

A strong w ind w as blow ing and the TEHINIhullwas not tied to the fork Iift.To clear both the fence and the TANGAROA would require a Iift of

ing''atti tude was the reason given by the brokerfor Ieaving the rest ofthe hapless TEHINIdism antled on the slipw ay,costing the ow ner a R600

about4 metres (14 f.).W ith total disregard foranotherman's property

(E20Ojfine.The brokerfinally sent Pet tita billforR1200 (E4OO)for '

''Y t? have Iost Yanka'' M ark Adcock telephoned on Saturdav and told us ofone storm where he Iost a Iotofdeck cargo and two anchors, and another when he took shelter in Pringle Bav about 90 m iles from Cape Town and Iost his rem aining anchor. He felt the best thing to do >as to beach ''Yanka'' This he did d?y sailing into the

ofthatsociety's m ajority.Many yacht

br eakers and jumping offthe front,h/ ' s ''

(and hlard w ork)the utterly unsafe I oad rum bled forw ard,sw aying from the effects of the w ind and the iuneven terrain. Derek W ard i m mediately tried to reason w ith the 4 men involved w ith the m ove,stressing that his boat constituted his w hole l ife savings.Neither the 2 brokers' representatives, nor the fork Iift supervi sorw ould listen to reason and ordered the driver of the forklift to hoist the dangerously tottering hull across the defenceless TANGAROA. As there w ere no other people around to come to Derek's assistance, he, in desperation,lay dow n in front of the fork lift,thus effectively bl ocking the vehicle's pathw ay forw ard.The fork

liftstopped Iess than the 30 cm .(1 ft.)from the prone figure ofthe extremely brave W harram builder. The non-protesting polycat TEHINI had suffered aIIkinds of abuse for a week orm ore at the hands of a m an who claim ed not to be a ''Peanut''.If that sam e m an had expected the same yielding attitude from the polycat builder,then he w as sorely mistaken. Derek's refusalto Iet the load pass over his boat did not deter the now infuri ated broker from ripping up the yacht club's fencing next to the gate and passing around the TANGAROA. Derek's ''uncom prom is-

m oving'his one hull.Isuppose the reason behind the dream of every w ould-be yacht builder/sailor, is to ge1 the hellout of m odern society, thereby escaping from the ''attitudes''

brokers and otherofficialbodies, including off-shore com m ittees, custom s and im m igration representatives,are com pletely oblivious of the totalcom m itm ent and the sacrifices m ade,over Iong periods of tim e,by builders of yachts.Their uncom prom ising,Iack of interest attitude m ust surely be the single Iargest contributing factorto the TRAUM A oflaunch (orm ove)day.

So far the Disaster Stories have had a certain Black H um our but in the next Disaster storv there is f10110.

DISASTER 3 The first CA PTA IN COOK to sailin South Afri ca w as called YANKA and w as bought from the buil der by M ark Adcock. This is a published account of the Ioss of M ark Adcock's new l y bought PAH I42 in the Bluff Yacht Club NewsletterĂŻ

cat''w as safelv beached,and the children com m ented ''Gosh Dad, sailing is exciting'' . On the incom ing tide he tried to winch his craftback

outto sea,butthe breakersjust

picked up one hullat a tim e and threw it oj nto the beach untilaIIhe had to show for his dream was a splintered wreck. He >as prettv depressed buthis fam ilv is safe and he is fullv insured so he is alreadv talking about the prices and availabilitv ofcraft. Other Ietters from W harrram builders in South Africa added that this boat w as overloaded,had had alterations to it and w as sailing very close inshore w hen a violent on-shore gale occurred.W e are thankfulthat, at Ieast the beaching possibilities of the Polynesian catam aran enabled the crew to get through the breakers and safely ashore. Thank you to the South African builders w ho took the trouble to find out details and w rite encouraging Ietters to Ruth w ho alw ays gets so upset.She is im m ediately em otionally involved in disaster reports.

W iI& W outerEichelsheim 's NARAIM k IV 'KUM ABA' ,holed on the stony side of a Dutch dike see page 28.

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

27


DISASTER 4 On page 27 is a photograph ofthe This sad paragraph appeared in the Same ship in farIess happy circumeditorialof 'Mul tihulls'magazine U.S.A.: Stances,some years ago,aftera Force 10 gale had broken herIoose from her Mark Johnson was havfng the tim e mooring and battered heron the Ofhis Iife in Florida aboard his new rough stone side of a Dutch dike. Hinemoa 23 thathe had justfinished Thatis W outerin the photograph and sailed dow n from South Carolina, trYing to get aboard to survey the when som e ''hallucinating idiots''in a dam age. fastpowerboatcrashed into his This story had a happy ending. catamaran. He sold the w reck and Ieft W ith insurance paym ent they w ere town.a verv sad man. able to repairthe boatand are happily Fastpow erboats alw ays seem to sailing once m ore.One note ofadvice have hallucinating idiots on board. from W illy:,,xevertry to wash mud Very often with one person on skis outof foam mattresses,buv new ,, trailing behind them ,using m oored OneS. yachts as slalom m arkers.Iam

surprised that such accidents are not

DISASTER 6

m ore frequent. DISASTER 5

Occurred this w inter/spring in Southern England to Robin Fautley's (tj ae chairm an ofthe P. C.A .)restored TANE w hen she broke loose from her

Page 6 of'Sea People/sailorm an' No. 5 issue had a photograph of 1he galley of the Dutch NARAIM k IV 'KUM ARA' ,ow ned by W iIand W outer Eichelsheim .

e

The Disaster Page is notm y favourite page to prepare in the 'Sea People/sailorm an'butitis a highlv im portantone. In the exciting pieasure ofreading of the successf ulvoyage, we m ustnever forgetthat the disasters caused yy oorcarelessness, other people,s carefessness, ort hose , , caused by an act ofGod,are closerthan kve think. Boatpreparation and m ental attitude m usta/ways be for the disaster that wa hope willnever happen.

m ooring in a violent gale and becam e a totalIoss. Robin is now planning to use m uch of the recovered gearon a m odified TIKI26.

e

N

w

FISHING FOR THE GALLEY POT by Richard Curtis Sea fishing from a catam aran can be trem endous fun foral1the fam ily as wellas providing very nutritious food.Being a stable platform ,,at anchor ordrifting, people don t seem to be affected by sea sickness as on a rolling m onohull . The basic fishing tackle required should,Ibelieve,be hom e m ade as far as possible - the achievem ent of catching a Iarge fish on tackle m ade w ith yourow n hands is ten tim es greaterthan on f200 worth of carbon fibre and glittering chrom e! Fi rst w e need a seven foot boat rod.Blanks (glassfibre)can be bought quite cheaply and it is a pleasant task to w hip on the rod rings and fix a reel clam p. The reelcan be ei thera m ultiplier ora fixed spool, but don't be draw n into spending too m uch,it has only gotto haulthe fish in!If you are really keen,a centre pin reelcan be m ade from discs of m arine p!y glued toget her and sanded dow n. A stout brass plate w illbe needed to m ake the bracket. The Iine forthe reelshould be at least 100 yards and

28

-u .a

.- < -.a .- - v .eu

w

> - - u -- u ..w

have a breaking strain of beween 10- 30 lbs.depending on the type of fishing.Ask your Iocaldealer about hooks as there are m any varieties and sizes. .

4

Lead weights can be m ade in tw o W aYS, eilher by cutting 1' ' strips off Iead sheet and tw isting ittightly around a knot in the Iine, orfor heavier weights pieces of 1' ' Iead w ater pipe can be filled w ith Iead not forgetting to put a w ire eye in first.

'e

e

jTl

4 /

jf fishing over rough ground a fIoat jjjbe required.W hittling dow n a W balsa w ood block to shape can be very satisfying.AIIthat is needed then is to push an oId ink tube from a biro through and paint it.

Forget aboutshiny brass booms and swivels,thesey in m y opinion,

scare fish aw ay. The best bait to be found along the sea shore are sandeel,lugw orm, m ussel& lim pet,in f that order. spinnjng for m ackereland other 1 fi sh can m ake a Iong trip fullof surprises,especially forchildren. spinners orspoons can be m ade from strips of coppershaped and polished.

lf fishing from an anchored or drifting boat over sand,use a 1Olb. Iine and sandeelas bait, w i th Iuck YOu Shoujd uook a nice bass or ttlrbot.lf the bottom is a reef it i s best to use a float,and heavierIine, as YOu could be into a cod,pollack or conger! G ood Iuck w ith yourfishing but rem em ber only catch as m uch as you caneaA. GOVERNM ENT HEALTH W ARNING once hooked, fishing can be very hard to give up! ?

D=' o

The Sea People/sailorm an No. 6 June 1986


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29


N E H S F R O M SE A PE OP LE . . . .

% Britain Doug Sm ith, from Swansea, South A a/es has been building a CA PTAIN COOK for the Iast 4 vears under very difficultconditions,he has finished one hulland is now finishing the second. ''Iam really building only 6 m onths of the year,the other 6 months i s getting overthe first 6 m onths.'' #'AlIthe inside has been skinned w ith 4m m pIy (birch)w ith foam in betw een the stringers.This has been done to greatly reduce the problem of condensation.Ihave been carefulnot to add too m uch w eight by doing this. Iw ant to m ake the boat as self sufficient as possible, as Iam not sure w hat m y incom e w illbe once I have given up w ork. '' ''Ihave had very Iittle sailing experience,no m ore than day sailing. Ihad a TAN E in 1973, a TANGA ROA in 1978.Iam sure that m y first 2 years on the boat w illnot be easy, as Iknow thatthe building of the boat is the easy part,the realtest is Iiving on it.As a fam ily w e have m oved around

for20 years and this isjustanother

challenge.M y w i fe and daughterare radio ham s, and they are now doing an offshore yacht m asters course, w hich,Ithink,w illaIIhelp. '' ''Ihave put only one hatch on the cabin.Iintend powering the boat partly w ith solar panels and Ineed the roof area forthis; and in a storm , Ihave only one hatch to consi der.As to ventilating the boat in w arm countries Ishallbe using an extractor fan,using the ventilation design in the r)I8nS.'' About him , a friend,Andrew BestDunklev recentlv wrote: ''Iwentto see Doug Sm ith's CAPTAIN CO OK and fellin love w ith

i t.He is doing a wonderfuljob in

am azing conditi ons.He has got Iiterally 1 4 '' to spare fi tting the hulls betw een his garage and end of garden w all; and he has had to dig trenches to sink the hulls in, so that they don't annoy his neighbours by sticking up too m uch,nevertheless,

he has done a good job and has great ideas, ''

30

In the Iast issue of Sea People/ Sailorm an No. 5,Page 15, within an article bv David Irving on his PAHI 37 'FREEBIRD'in which he w as w orried about his beam Iashings, we asked for com m ents from otherPA HI 31 builders. Peter Richardson,owner of AREOI 'GADZOOKS'of Scotland kindlv sent

a jam wacked Ietterofinfotmation on im provem ents m ade on his boat, including the inform ation thathis beam Iashing flex is negligeable.

'' A I1sailcontrols (halyards,reefing lines and dow nhauls)are Ied to a

spar.These stub tillers fi t neatly betw een the rudder heads and stern posts.At right angles to these stub tillers are arm s attached to the pedestalw ires. '' ?'The chartroom has changed a Iittle there i s no Satnav or SSB radio.The Sowester 1og featured in

yourphotograph (SEA PEOPLE no.5, p.40)has now been replaced by a 0- 20 knot 'Navigator II'from Stow e, w ith a trailing im pellor on a specially extended cable.The space age

echosounderis stillworking (just).

'controltable'ofjammers atthe base

80th have on-deck repeaters, '' '#lhave enclosed a copy of my only photograph of the re-designed

Sheets (foresails)are run to adjustable

hatches (above).Jim M uir'sopenings

ofthe m ast facing the cockpit.

turning blocks on the aft beam of the forw ard cockpit,and then to Spinlock rope clutches and two Lew m ar 16 w inches as on photograph. '' ''The originalw heelsteering under

the m ast (ugh)and teleflex cables has been replaced w ith a w heeland pedestalw ith w ire cables to the tiller arm s.Ihave added tw o stub tillers aft

ofthe rudderheads (about 13''Iong) w hi ch are Iinked by an alum inium

from the cockpi t into the cabin roof have been retained,as have the plastic dom es.How ever,instead of hinging forw ards,they now slide and hinge athw artships on tracks.The m ain reason forthe change being easier access and, above all,they are now w atertight''. ''Finally,yourrequest in 'SAILORM AN're the beam box bolts/ Iashings.Firstly,Ihave changed my Iashings once since Jim M uirsold m e

Dough Sm ith's CA PTA IN COOK. The Iefthull Iooks Iow er because itis buried in an 18 '' trench to keep it outofthe neighbours view. The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


'

I the boat(about 3 years ago).lhave ' not noticed any excessive am ount of m ovem ent (beam /hulls).How ever, there is a slight flexibility show n by the fact that sm allcordage som etim es w orks its w ay into the slight space betw een beam and box ,

side and subsequently jams.The

frapping turns on the Iashings are checked regularly and kept tight. Despite rubbersealing w ashers som e w ater,in heavy weather,does m ake i ts w ay below decks via the beam bolts. Replacing beam bolts after painting beam s can also be a Iittle aw kw ard at tim es.Although no know ledge,or experience,of the 'Iocating blocks',m entioned in SAILO RM AN,1w ould use them ,if they are cheaper,easier and Iighter,

ChannelIslands PHILIP LE M AITRE from Guernsev

''Helmut Fink and AlbertWentseis on theirCAPTAIN COO K (Sea People xo 5 page 42), startfora cruise to tjae'x'rkish South-coast on April 24th.They w illdo som e chartering there.Afterthatthey either head for

a TIKIbuilder, w rites: ''Thank you very m uch forthe details of the TIKI31,w hich Ifound very interesting.Iam very pleased w ith m y TlKl 21, the speed and perform ance is excell ent.The reason forbuilding bigger is for m ore room forthe fam ily.'' #.w. *- %

-l

Egypt or the W est Indi es.'' zzjng. yrisee w ants to sellhis HlN EM OA and start his CAPTAIN cooK he bought his plans approxim ately'3 years ago. Gerhard Noisterniggs'NARA IM k IV is nearing com pletion. '' ''W olfgang W appelsailed to New Guinea and is on his w ay to Australia to earn som e m oney.3 TIKIROAS are underconstruction;here in Vienna W illibald Lux,in Graz Hans-peter W agner and in Unterpurkla Siegfried Lenz.TIKI26 builder,M r.Zuza, still hunts for a building place. '' '?W e had a very Iong w interthis year,there is even a Iittle snow in the

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do the same job and avoid drilling hol es in the beam boxes.Keep the Iashings,but w arn people about the dangers of 'springs'w hen m ooring up. luse a 12'' sausage fendertied top and bottom to avoid chafe on the Iashings. '' Adrian Kitchingerrof ORO 'ZOOEY' sent us this shortreport on the Exeter area w ith the rem ark: ''If vou don't want to include m y boat that is OK, for - please don't be angrv with m %

city today (12.04.86)Icouldn't paint .

m y TA N E yet. '' Justreceived som e furthernews from Gerhard Bobretzkv (30.05.86) ''M y TANE is on the water again

Austria Gerhard BobretzkY Jam es W harram Design Agentis keeping us in touch w ith the Austrian building scene.

since Iastweekend (NeusiedlerSee). There are now 3 TIKI21's and a HINEM OA there as w e1I.''

we boughtan unfinished projectand were very unluckv in finding the plans weren'tIegitim ate. Thev don't have a num berand the 'Copvright'is blocked out. Iwas onlv 12 vears oId w hen the boat was started. There are now quite a lot of voung people tied up in this

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wayt Lots and I ots happening ...

Raeff G riffith's TIKI21 is com ing on w ell.The port hullis com pleted along w ith the spars, fi ttings and beam s,and he hopes to start on the starboard hullthis week.He's m ade a few m odifications to the cabin arrangem ents to ''accom m odate his ager'!Hopefully Iaunching in June. 1ts sad to report the w recking of Vincent Lanes TA NE in the January gales.She broke herm ooring and w as w ashed onto the railw ay em bankm ent. One hullw as salvaged, however Guy has a bet on that he can be sailing again this sum m er! Lance's PAHI42 Iooks very forlorne,having w intered at Odham s W arf in bi ts.Last tim e Ispoke to him he w as planning to Iaunch this spring and finish fitting out on the w ater this

;. ; '. .....

.

''> e are supposed to Ieave for France, the weekend of the sum m er m eeting,but vkr e could callin on the

problem of getting her outof the garden ...?

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Holland Henk de velde, Round the w orld 080 saj/or, w riter in past sEA PEOPLE/SAILORM A N m agazines, on the cover ofissue No. 5,sends this in d report on the sale of som eI way his be ovedsa'O8O>A'.

2O8O+A're-entering the waterat PortSt.Louis

How ever,under the care of t/ne new ownec she is scheduled to once m ore take to the àl/g/l seas. so, hopefullv the storv of 'O/: IIIN A'w ill continue to appear in the s:A PEOPLE. ''Don't think,Ihave forgotten vou, but as w e aIIknow life is goina o' n. The good ship ''OROW A''is already a Iong way ago sold to an Austrian, W ith the name Nicolaus Eberan and I hope it w illbe forhim not only a dream .w e took ''oRow A''by road, dism antled of course,to the M ed.

,,: ack fn sojland Igave during Iast W inter 54 Iectures through the Netherlands and m ade the m oney we need to Iive. '' ''A nd now m y reason of w riting. It took a w hile before lfound a publisher w illing to publish the book, bureaucracy,non-interest in a sim ple w harram cat etc.untilIm ade contact W ith the m an w ho saw the story bebind the story and everything Com es right.The publisher is ''de BoerM aritiem Unieboek W eesp''(one Ofthe big ones).The book is called ''Geese are Trekking in Troups'' tGanzen Trekken in Troepen). Publication in August/septem ber,in

Sum m er.

justbefore xm as Iastyear,put her

the mean time Ihave to write 4

As for myself.ORO ''Zooey''is due to Iaunch this w eek (HELPI)and w e hope to sailaround to the Exe w ithin a m onth orso.

back together,gave hera new col our, yellow ,and sailed herfrom Port St. Louis to M arseill e,there lIeft a piece of my heart. ''

articles forthe m agazine ''W atersport''to prom ote the book. '' ''M aybe in the future you can help m e w ith a translation. ''

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


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Cyprus From Pat Stansell, w ho a few vears ago retired êo Cyprus w fth a setof TIKIPlans;he is now sailing his boat: zzIam very pleased w ith the boat. She is very fast in a good breeze and a pl easure to sail.The m ore experienced sailors in the Services Sailing Club are very im pressed and it gives m e great pleasure to sail through the Iee of A LBACORES, LASERS, 35 ft.cruisers etc.'' ''1was interested in the com m ents by M aurice Killen in M ay 85 m agazine.At first Ihad difficul ties in tacking,and it is slow, but w i th the

jib hard aback,Ihave no troubl e at all.Iw as interested to note that you

appearto have a downhaulforthe jib on yourTIKI21 (photo on p.36 of Dec.'85 issue).Ihad alw ays found it

difficultto keep the jib Iufftight.No

doubt,the dow nhaulm akes it easier.'' .

JIB DO NHAUL à FOR TIKI 21 '' $h ;! 2 ,

''M any people had the opini on that the HITIA w as the m ost interesting boat on the show and brought really

properly into the w ind (as itappeared to blow from a different direction than

som ething new to the flatGRP I evel

prevent the boat from hitting the

ofthe w hole show.'' ''One episode w as good. In that basin w ere a few Optim ist dinghies as they are m ost popular am ong

quay,the boatdidn'thit,butSeija

juniors.One boy started to rolland heelone of them and finally he ended up in the w ater.The crowd w as w atching and Iw as at the sam e tim e standing atthe very end ofthe bow of HITIA bounding safely up and dow n to show to the people how stable and safe the boat is.Everybody did noti ce the difference betw een those tw o craft ... '' ''Then there w ere two other show s,one in Tam pere and another in Porvo.Porvo was a bi t closer,so lhad a Stand there,and the w hole fam ily w ent to Porvo.The day before the show w e sailed HITIA to get som e practice,in case there w ould be any need to sailher at the show. '' ''It w as a w indy day and it w as blow ing a good Force 5 gusting 6.not the best day to m ake trialsails but

we had no choice.(Ifyou ask why we did sailherat that Iast m om ent because during tow ing the boat from Kuopio on the trailer one of the stays slipped off the m ast and w as tow ed allthe w ay to M ikkeli, dragging against the road,it chafed and broke and Ihad to orderanother one ...due to a strike it took very Iong to geta new one herel.''

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did and w ith fullim pact ended up in the icy w ater!Scram ble back on the Hitia and fast run hom e back to change clothes.In the m eantime I shortened the snotterand set the sail

properly.Sei ja was back and we tried

again. Now w e w ere flying even better doing m aybe 8 knots,m aybe 10 - w ho know s,stillthe ''big''lake w as so sm all!Lee hullburied in the w ater to the deck Ievel,end of the beams raising fantastic fountains of the spray.Despi te the fact that it w as

very wet itwas a big joy to go ' to

w indw ard so fast.And in fact she is at herbest to w indw ard!Then dow nw ind in direction of hom e. Probably Isailhertoo fullso the m ain w as a bit unhappy,flapping here and there, Iosing good shape against the sprit.She w as m oving quietly and unnoticeably fast.W e stillw ent further dow n,m aking a few good

tacks in frontof a big hotel(to show the boat)and easily cam e back tacking hom e. No m ore problem s w ith tacking only that the Iake is too narrow !Com ing to the shore 1 dropped a1Isails and under bare pole w e got hom e.A bit tired from that tacking but in one piece and confident in our boat. '' $

*+*.#% .

is ratherpoor and m uddy so it w asn't easy to get herout against the w ind. Finally we w ere in deep w ater and as she got w ind in the sails she w ent off Iike a rocket.W ow !W e w ere surprised wi th that speed.Zoom ing w ith w hite w ake.''

------

pwtneèuto ao Q.KSpuk. R.jp4G w lTu

Z amm y K-rjvsxgto

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Finland Jedrek Prusak,unhappy to be back on Iand again (Sea People No.5,p. 41)decided to build a Hitia,to keep sailing and to exhibitherat the various Finnish Boat Shows. After the KALLAVESI '86 show in Kuopio he w rote: ''H ITIA w as in a sm allchildrens'

basin,justthe rightplace,looking delicious on the green water.''

32

Ithought)IsentSei ja on the bow to

''Againstthe choppy Iittle w aves we got a lot of spray over us and were w et in a few seconds, but there w as no tim e to think about it as the Iake is narrow and w e w ere rapidly closing on the BIG-BIG rocky shore.Iw as too U.S.A . excited and probably tacked hertoo From M arge W elling and Larrv roughly so she stopped in stays and W arnberg, W ashington State AREOI w as drifting on those stones ...Itried builders: again and got heron another tack. ''Thanks forsending aIIthose isues Again,fast acceleration and we w ere of 'SEA PEO PLE'.Yes,we devour in a few seconds on anothershore. them w ith relish,as did oursailing Succesfultacking and hard drive friends. '' again ... It w as ni ce to notice that w e w ere calm and peaceful,how ever ''W e recently finished building the surprised w i lh thal speed!No panic, shed forconstruction of our AREOI.It no doubt - w illshe lift the hullor go is a 35'x 8'cement and floatation over? No w ay.Then w e got on the foam scow.decked w i th w hite ''big w ater''so going across the Iake painted plyw ood and covered w ith flat took us som e 2 m aybe 3 m inutes. greenhouse fibreglass,supported by Stillone poortack and she w as PVC conduit.Later it w illbe a floating sailing backwards for a w hile.Snotter greenhouse and a pl ace to w ork on w as too Iong,so part of the sailw as oysters.Did w e tellyou w e Iive on a flapping Idecided to go to the sm all converted 24'Iifeboat and work on a quay by the Iee of a m otor boat.As I sm alloysterfarm here in W illapa bay? approached the boat,trying the sam e W e've been doing this for three years tim e to Ioose the w ind from the sails I now ,and w e're ready to Iet ournew sim ply couldn't slow her dow n,nor catam aran carry us to w arm er em pty the sails properl y,norturn her clim atesl''

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


'' .*

'PYXIS' are about to cross the Panam a Canal.They were last in A .B.C.Islands, Dutch W est Indies. They are heading for the Galapagos. Tim Ainley (RAKA 'BELUGA' )is on rr the VveSt COaSt Of F1Orida. . g gatest News. PYXIg,arrjsso jp . Nuku Hl va. M ore Fr1nextIssue Ed.

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Harry Ellis'new w ing m ast on RA KA Canada In Sea People No. 3, p. 16 we

showed how Harrv Ellis,Toronto,had im proved hl ' s RAKA for racing l?y adding 2 daggerboards (in one hull, one in bow,one in stern) he has now added a w ing m ast: ''Here are a few pictures of 'LANAO', my RAKA, w ith its Iatest addi tion,a w ing m ast. lt is 39'x 18'' cord,by 6 1/ 2' w ide and w eighs about 23O 1bs.'' ''Iam able to rotate it through 1200 w hich gives me good sailand m ast foilshape up to a beam reach. W ith the w ind aft of the beam ,Idon't Suppose it m atters a greal deal, regarding im proved efficiency.'' ''This sum m er Iw as crew ing on a New ick 36'for most of the racing season,but w as able to race my boat in 3 races aIIin very Iight conditions; so not m uch w as Iearned about the changes undertaken.'' ''Davi d and Neila are hom e in Toronto for Christm as.Their NARAI M k IV 'W INDCHIM E'is in M arch Harbour in the Baham as. '' ''The Iast we heard from Roly

'LANAO ' w as unexpected and w e w ere tied to an outside dock at a m arina.W e took

Brazil

although the dock at one point threatened to give w ay.'' ''Betw een St.Augustine and Daytona Beat w e have seen two m oored Pol ycats,a HINA and a TA NGAROA,the first since New Jersey except for 'BANANA SPLIT'. No one aboard either.Here in Daytona w e have heard rum ours of a TEHINI som ew here ahead of us from Perth,

y ore news from Sergio Cherm ont:

''Thanks very m uch forthe SEA PEOPLE num ber 5!lt is fantastic! o ur ,,NEW S FRO M BRAZIU,w as excejjent, pity that SEA PEOPLE can't be m onthly ... Iafirm that SEA pEo pk.E is the m ost practical, technicaland usefulaid forthe seam an, am ongst aIIboat publications jcould read it m any tim es, and

On tario couldthisbetheoneHarry Ellis saw at Frenchm an's Bay?''

a ''iwaysfindanotherusefulhintl''

??M r CA RLOS LUIS has nearly finished his TIKI 21, and I'm aw aiting

Harry Ellis continued:

''Bob Burdett (NARAIM k IV 'NIG HTCLOUD'' ?is now in Halifax, Nova Scotia,having sailed there single-handed from the Baham as.I understand, he m ight be heading for Europe next year, as he is Iooking for

beautifulpictures ofherto send to you.(Including photos ofthe beautiful scale m odelthat M r. Carlos has built ofthe TIKI.)'' ,,w ILso N ZA FFALON is working jaard on his CAPTA IN COOK and as

crew .f!

soon as Ihave som e pictures from him , Iw illsend them to you. ''

'' John and D iane of the 0RO

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Huebsch (NARAI'O BO REA')w as from Elizabeth,South Carolina,w eathering the Iast hurricane ofthe season. '' Rolv Huebsch,him self, wrote on 71.12.85 to the Canadian 'Polvcats' m agazine: ''W e continued through the w aterw ays south through w ide sounds and connecting canals. Beaufort,the first harbour south of

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Preparing to go On the Low -Loaderreadv fOr Iaunching.

From Ram onda Te M éiharoa, Queensland. ''Thank you for staying in touch during the building of 'TITI' . She w as Iaunched October 28th 1985 and sailed out of Darw in 3rd Decem ber.I w as stillbuilding her, as w e headed for the Vernons (eastl.''

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986

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Cape Hatteras is a favourite jumping off point forthe direct route to the Caribbean, and there are alw ays a lot of sea-going yachts in the anchorage and at the tow n dock.W e m et briefly w ith AISunderland and his ORO 'BA NA NA SPLIT' before they took off for St.Thom as,Virgin lslands. '' ''It w as at Charleston that we w ere hi t by tropicalstorm 'Kate',as she headed back into the Atlantic. Forus she was worse than 'Gloria',as she

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a beating but suffered no dam age

,,jn tjae ,8 days i t took to arri ve at Thursday Island Ihad more adventures than at any other period of m y Iife.'' Letus hear about them ,please,for the next issue - Ed.

33


H a ve #@R vea d l By J.W . W orking Boats of Britain Have you read the 'W O RKING BOATS OF BRITAIN theirshape and perform ance'by Eric M cKee. Published by Conway M ari tim e Press, 24 Bri de Lane, Fl eet Street,London. Price f15. Ihave,and it has been a valuable ideas book w hil st preparing the CoastalTrek orientated issue of the 'Sea People/sailorm an'. The boats in this book are the sm allw orkboats ofthe Bri tish Isles, not offshore fishing ortrading boats but boats that because of their size cam e back each night to find land sheltqr,as good a definition of coastal trekking Iknow. Everytime 1open this book Ifind inform ation,inform ation backed by superb draw ings and Iuci d explanations. For exam ple, reproduced here is the page on how a sm allboat approaches the shore in varying w ind headings. Note,that the open boat is show n wi th a w indheading efficiency of about 6 points i.e.660.Any closerin a choppy sea and they flood overthe open gunw hales. But none the Iess they worked theirw ay to w indw ard I ong before the age of engines. Follow ing these diagram s,allow ing 6 points forcoastqltrekker approach and you have at Ieast two points safety or 'dry deck' margin.

Other pages give engine sizes,past and present,in sm allworkboats, pages on rigs and boat definitions.At f15 it is a first class buy forthe m odern boat Ioving sailor.

Exeter M aritim e M useum Ship Killer Paddy Duffy,a HINEM OA builder from Dublin w rote:

Ihave justbeen reading the

If you are a European reader,have you read the 'Exeter M ari tim e M useum 'enclosure? foutside Europe it is too expensi ve in postalfees to

enclose it).Itis true,w hatthey claim

Decem ber '85 edition of the m agazine. w hich vou sent to m e recentlv Great - keep up the good work. On page 9 - in a report from Tim and Heather W helan thev m ention a novel'Shipkiller'(authorunknow n). Ihave also read this book and recom m end it as being ' a good read'. The authoris Justin Scott and the book is published in paperback l?y

about the size of the boatcollection: the biggest in Europe,the best in the w orld.Inever m iss a chance to revisit the m useum ;there is so m uch to Iearn from rea/ boats. This m useum is run by boat nuts, So,as can be expected,they are having difficulties w ith vari ous 'powers'.A visi t to the m useum is a vote of confidence in the founders.

Panther/Granada.Once begun,Ijust

at the sam e tim e.

Do supportthem and enjoy yourself

couldn't Ieave itdow n.

Shark Repellent

11

Did you read in one of the British

Sunday 'heavies'(eitherthe 'Observer'orthe 'Sunday Tim es') that detergent is a good shark repellent!!!Apparently the Hebrew University of Jerusalem found thatthe Red Sea flat fish,know n as the M oses Sole secretes a naturalshark repellent w hich contains paradaxin w hich has detergent-like properties. W here upon they tried different detergents as shark repell ents and found they worked very w ell.Tw o out of the 15 detergents tested w ere extremely effective.This m ight be worth follow ing up by som e of our tropicalw atersailing scientists.A bottle of the suitable detergent w ould be a valuable asset to our Iifesaving equipm ent.

Survival W hi ch leads me to,have you read in a British Sunday New spaper Colour Supplem ent an account of the person w ho spent 79 days (approxim ately) in a rubber Iiferaft,finally dri fting ashore in the W est Indies.W e m islaid our copy of thi s Sunday Colour Supplem ent so lcannotgive m ore details.However a book by the Iiferaft surviver is to be published.Look out for it,it has valuable survival inform ation.As haq been w ritten elsew here in this m agazine,one should alw ays be ready for disaster.

Australian Dolphin Spotters Handbook The original'Dolphin Spotters Handbook' , published by the InternationalDolphin W atch,in England is out of print. How ever,J.W .D.'S Australian agents, Steve and Rose Goodm an,

have just published the ' Austraiian Dolphin Spotters Handbook'w i th additionalphotographs of som e Australian dolphins.

34

The book is available from :Steve Goodm an,P. O .Box 61, Dickson,ACT 2602,Australi a.The price for the book is A $8.00.

*

For Sale CAPTAIN COO K 'Tepuhi'(see photographs page 25).Professionally built,fully equipped,(including electronics/instrum ents/safety equipm ent etc.)US$55,000, .orw i th rigging and sails onl y - $30,000. J.Cross, P.O. Box 1803 M .C. C., M akati,M etro M anila,Philippines.

For Sale PAHI31 'GADZOO KS',Excellent condition.(see page 30)Contact:P. Richardson 0389 50859 UK (evenings).

ForSale NARAIM k IV (after20 years building time).Pairofnearcom pleted hulls, sheathed in fibreglass 'w hich does need som e repair work'.The hulls are constructed of m arine ply, Douglas Fir, and buil t to Jam es W harram specs apart from cabin top. Any reasonable offer.Contact01-573

6565 or01-845 7446 (London,U.K.) ForSale Unused Jeckells sails forW harram TA NE;M ain,genoa,drifter etc.plus spinnaker.Also trailerfor sam e.

Offers.0346-43544 (U.K,)

ForSale

Fullset of NEW sails for a TAN GA ROA M K IV - f1,000 o.n. o.J. Prusak, Kirkonvarkaus, 50100 M ikkeli 10, Finland.

Crew W anted

Crew w anted for part/allcruise to Caribbean on RAKA.Pay ow n expenses.August '86. Personali ty essential;skills,especially navigation, w elcom e.Ric Dear,189 Kennington Road,London SE 11.TeI:01-587 0205.

The Sea People/sailorm an No.6 June 1986


W IN T ER S U N SA IL You could be a crew m em beraboard the TEHINI ''M AHINUI'' 51' O'' sailing across the Atlantic to w inter in the Caribbean.

W e are Ieaving M id October '86 on a 18- 20 week round trip via the Canaries and have tw o berths available on cost sharing basis. +++

A lso berths available for tw o w eek cruise to the Polycat Sum m erM eeting South W ales.Lands End to Plym outh -

Januarv/Februarv 1984 Cover Photo: kvade Doak's RAKA 'INTERLOCK' fn Rikoriko Cave, New Zea/and, wl 'th fnsfde story; r A CatAm ong The Dolphins'. M ULTIHU LLS M agazine brings you Foreign world-wide catamaran, trim aran Surface mail(5 wks del ivery) and proa news.Timely articles on 1 year/6 issues U.S.$20.00 designs, buying, building, racing, 2 years/lz i ssues U. S.$86.00 cruising and safety of m ultihulls. Airmai l(1O days (delivery) Bi-monthly (6 issues peryear). 1year/6 issues U.S.$39.50 2 years/lz issues U.S.$75.0O 421 Hancock St. Payable in U.Dollars, bank draft Quincy,(Boston) InternationalPostalMoney Order M A 02171, USA TeI :(617)328-8181 orVisa/Mastercard

and Back via Scillies/Lundy. +++ Contact: Ernald Pearson on 026 785 38O or write.''MAHI-NUI'' The Beach Ferryside Nr.Carmarthen,DyfedsAl; 5SF

W E AT

A RE PRO U D O F O U R LO N G A SSO CIATIO N W ITH

H A R R A M C A T5 Q UX I/FF SA ILS FO R A LL D ESIG N S JN TH E RA N G E 1

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1986 PCA ANNUAL GENERAL M EETING Report by Steve Turner The 33 M em bers and 7 guests w ho attended the AnnualGeneral M eeting at Earls Court,London during the BoatShow in January,dealt w ith the Association business and election f Officers in w hat seem ed record o d leaving tim e fora very spee interes,ting talk by a representative of Jeckells Sailm akers on the design and construction of catam aran sails and a chance to chat to otherenthusiasts aboutourkind ofboats.(The real purpose ofany PCA M eetingl) W e were aIIreli eved to hearthat a

Editor: JamesW harram,Greenbank Road,Devoran,Truro TR3 6PJ

As you can see Ihave retained my sailing secretary/sailtraining hat. Mem bers are very welcome to

Sailing Secretarv/sailtraining: Steve x rner, Foss Quay,M illbrook,Torpoint pkqo qEx -

contact m e in either of these roles. It was decided that the U.K. sum m er M eeting would be held in earjy August again this year, venue pjym outh. see notice for details. W e are keeping ourfingers crossed fora better sum merand Iook forward to seeing Iots ofm em bers afloat.

Building Secretarv: Hanneke Boon, C/O Jam es W harram Designs, G reenbank Road, Devoran,Truro TR3 6PJ

ne w volunteerforthe postof Secr etary had been found.Gillian Smith,although notabl e to attend the

DATE -

Saturday 2 A ugust .Sunday 3 August VENUE - M illbrook,Nr,Plym oulh,Cornwall

M eeting,w as elected unanim ously to

thatdemanding office.Treathernicely folks,forw ith no Secretary w e have no Association and we alIowe Ruth w harram a Iarge vote ofthanks for k eeping the PCA afloatsince the job fel lvacant.

voted in atthe AGM she has now

Afterthe hard w ork and trouble taken by J. W .D.organising the Sum m er m eetings at Devoran the Iast few years,it w as felt only fair that they should have a break,hence this m eeting at M illbrook,site of severalsuccesfulm eetings in the Iate seventies. M illbrook is on the west bank of the RiverTam ar, there is a very good cam ping site nearby,'W hitsand Bay Holiday Park'. CoastalTrek boats can assem ble and Iaunch at Foss Quay,larger catam arans anchorat 'W est M.ud'M illbrook Lake (see sym bolon m ap). Mem bers sailing to the M eeting m ay Ieave their boats in oursafe half

found thatshe cannotcope with the

tidalanchorage (bottom soft m ud)before orafterthe M eeting to allow

work involved and Ruth W harram has

tjaem to spread the trip overseveralw eeks.

The Com m ittee for 1986 is as follows:

Secretary: Though Gillian Sm ith w as

taken over the w ork w ith the

stance ofhersecretary. assi Chairm an. . Robin Fautley,9 Lynton Road,Thorpe Bay,Essex SS1 3BE Tteasurer: Andrew Beard,8 Kerwin close, Dore,Sheffield S17 3DF

Travelby Train: To Plymouth Station thence by CremyllFerry to Cremyll and bus to M illbrook Travelby car: Torpoint Car Ferry or Saltash Bridge. Travelby w ater: W rite orPhone Steve Turnerfordetailsofanchorage etc. '

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Profile for Rogerio Martin

Sea People 006  

Polynesian Catamaran Association magazine #6 PCA - Sea People

Sea People 006  

Polynesian Catamaran Association magazine #6 PCA - Sea People

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