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TOBACCO By: Arantxa Ahedo Leyva.


INDEX       

Products Ef fects Diseases Addiction Quitting Why people use Being tobacco free


PRODUCTS ď‚Ą Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana.


CIGARETTES

ď‚Ą Cigarette is a small roll of finely cut tobacco leaves wrapped in a cylinder of thin paper for smoking. The cigarette is ignited at one end and allowed to smoulder; its smoke is inhaled from the other end, which is held in or to the mouth and in some cases a cigarette holder may be used as well.


CARBON MONOXIDE ď‚Ą Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless and toxic gas. Because it is impossible to see, taste or smell the toxic fumes, CO can kill you before you are aware it is in your home.Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effects of CO exposure can var y greatly from person to person depending on age, overall health and the concentration and length of exposure.


TAR AND OTHER TOBACCO PRODUCTS

ď‚Ą "Tar" is the term used to describe the toxic chemicals found in cigarettes.


TOBACCO EFFECTS  Respiratory Problems  Your lungs hold on to 85 to 99% of almost all of the things you inhale.  Respiratory problems can include increased coughing, phlegm, wheezing, chest colds and shortness of breath, even in smokers who smoke as little as one cigarette a week .


ď‚Ą Ef fects on Teeth and Gums ď‚Ą Tobacco use is an important factor in oral health, apart from its role in causing oral cancer. Smoking has also been linked to periodontal disease in younger people.


OTHER EFFECTS ď‚Ą Smoking is independently associated with decreased bone density of the lumbar spine and hip, in both younger and older persons. ď‚Ą Smoking has been linked to sleep disturbance. Smoking is associated with dif ficulty in falling asleep and with symptoms suggestive of sleep fragmentation in both men and women.


TOBACCO ETS ď‚Ą What is Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)? ď‚Ą Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) refers to exposure to tobacco smoke - not from your smoking, but from being exposed to someone else's cigarette, cigar, or pipe smoke. ETS can also be described as the material in indoor air that originates from tobacco smoke. Breathing in ETS is known as passive smoking, second-hand smoke, or involuntary smoking.


SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL HEALTH EFFECT ď‚Ą Tobacco can put friendships in dangers. Some friends may be unconfortable around people who are using tobacco. And others may know that ETS threatens their health. ď‚Ą Tobacco use can also strain relationships with parents.Teen smokers usually have to lie to their parents in order to keep their habit a secret and lying can be emotionally dif ficult.


DISEASES  Lung diseases and smoking  Smoking has been linked to a number of  respiratory diseases  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  (COPD) - a group of diseases including  chronic bronchitis and emphysema  • Lung cancer and other cancers of the airways,  including the oesophagus and larynx  • Asthma.


 Cancers  Smoking causes cancer of the lung, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, es  Most deaths from lung cancer are caused by smoking ophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder and cervix.


ADDICTION ď‚Ą Through the use of tobacco, nicotine i s one of the most heavily used addi cti ve drugs and the l eading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death.


TOLERANCE ď‚Ą Is the process of the body getting used to a drug, people with tolerance to nicotine need more tobacco in order to feel its ef fects. This is why most smokers slowly increase how often they smoke.


PHYSICAL AND PSYCOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE ď‚Ą People who has physical dependence is when their body needs the drug in order to function correctly, and psycological dependence when people think the need the drug.


DRUG ADDICTION AND WITHDRAWAL  When people have some drug addiction and they stop consuming the drug the next step is withdrawal.  The withdrawal symptoms occur when the body and the brain react adversely to the lack of a particular drug in the system .     

Physical symptoms:     


QUITTING  Quitting smoking is not easy, but you can do it. To have the best chance of quitting and staying quit, you need to know what you’re up against, what your options are, and where to go for help.  If you're interested on quitting smoking, check the link below.  http://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guideto quittingsmoking/index


WHY PEOPLE USE  Many people use tobacco products because of peer pressure, but peer pressure can also be possitive; friends can guide you by telling you the bad concequences and what you shoud and shoudn’t do.  Modeling is another aspect, teens may try tobacco because they watch it on tv and think it’s cool, so they start acting like other people do.


ADVERTISMENT AND TOBACCO PROMOTION  Almost all ad’s have gros pictures of what their products do to the body, like dif ferent type of cancers and other consequences, but not all the ad’s show this kind of pictures others make teens think they look cool so they buy their products saying.


BEING TOBACCO FREE  Being tobacco-free means avoiding all tobacco products, including cigarettes, smokeless tobacco or “chew,” and secondhand smoke. When people avoid tobacco, they help prevent almost all chronic diseases. When they quit smoking, they also help prevent chronic diseases for those around them.


POSSITIVE PEER PRESSURE  Peer pressure isn’t all bad. You and your friends can pressure each other into some things that will improve your health and social life and make you feel good about your decisions.  Think of a time when a friend pushed you to do something good for yourself or to avoid something that would’ve been bad.  Here are some good things friends can pressure each other to do:  Be honest  Avoid Alcohol  Avoid drugs  Not smoke  Be nice  Respect others  Work hard  Exercise (together!)


Smoking is bad for your health, don’t let people fooled you saying it’s cool. S t o p s m o k i ng o r s t o p br ea t h i ng

Why does smoking kill? Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals. Many are known to be harmful substances, including tar, nicotine, carbon monoxide, benzene, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide. More than 50 of these chemicals cause cancer.


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