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VOLUME 36 ISSUE 49 | WWW.EL-OBSERVADOR.COM | DEC 04-10, 2015


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OPINION

Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR On Sunday, November 22, 2015, Janis Baron and Ali Barekat welcomed Betty and Hilbert Morales, to ‘Sunday Friends, The Working Alternative to Charity” program being held at Lowell Elementary School, SJUSD, South 7th Street, San Jose, CA 95113. We observed this program is designed to involve the entire family: both parents and their children. We also observed the practice of the ‘Sunday Friends’ mission statement ‘to empower families to break the generational cycle of poverty by fostering positive development in children while educating and guiding parents to support their children’s life success.’ This model program informs and teaches children and their parents to work together to learn, earn, and serve their community. Upon arrival, we

Luisa Fernanda Montero LA RED HISPANA Eso de hacer dieta en navidad seguramente no le suena muy bien a muchos; sobre todo si tenemos en cuenta que es justo en esta época en la que las tentaciones parecen brotar de los árboles y estar en todas, todas partes. La vigilancia de un régimen alimenticio equilibrado y saludable es especialmente importante para los hispanos, toda vez que padecemos tasas desproporcionalmente altas de enfermedades crónicas empeoradas por la obesidad y el sobrepeso, como la diabetes, o por el alto consumo de comidas procesadas ricas en sal, que agravan la hipertensión.

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were registered. One registration table is for the participating families and another for volunteers. We each received a packet of information which described in detail all of the set-up activities required before this day’s program was initiated. The program is implemented using 15 paid staff assisted by over 100 volunteers. The average cost of one years operation is about $250,000 which is a bargain because every activity has its obvious purpose, but in addition there is a built-in important secondary goal. Though participants are ‘families’, each individual earns ‘rewards’ during the entire day for doing whatever is chosen. It is possible to undertake an activity such as “Writing Thank You Notes” during which the participant not only learns cursive writing, spelling, and composition, but also the social skill of thanking contributors for their generosity. The Arts had 6 stations, one of which had father-child partners assembling ‘pinecone decorations’ for a local senior shelter. A ‘bank station’ is used to teach the use of money including savings accounts

Y si, tal vez no sea muy sabio hablar de dietas por estos días en los que las tortas, los panes, los asados, los pozoles, los flanes, las colaciones y los perniles, para nombrar solo unos cuantos, empiezan a desfilar por nuestra mesa ypor todas las mesas a las que tenemos acceso. Entonces no, quizás no sea momento de hacer dieta, pero tal vez podamos contrarrestar los dolorosos efectos de los excesos si los planeamos mejor. Si, el asunto está en la planificación. Si es cierto que nuestros platillos son hijos de recetas especiales, heredadas y consentidas, también lo es si escogemos los mejores ingredientes para preparar los, tal vez, podremos disminuir sus efectos nocivos en términos de azúcar, harina o grasa.

which pays 2% interest rate per month/24%+ per year. Education and preparing for college are not neglected as evidenced by the table devoted to STEM (science, technology, engineering and math). One station is devoted to nutrition, kitchen management, and cooking skills. Families are encouraged to bring one prepared dish to be shared during the communal pot-luck luncheon break. All activities come with an ‘earnings’ experience through the ‘script reward’ which is always in denominations of hundreds. Why? The idea is to give participants an opportunity to learn to deal with large numbers. What is earned may be taken to the ‘Store’ to purchase an empty backpack. Then the participant may purchase school supplies needed. The purpose is to give the student an experience in earning and ownership coupled with responsible selection. Contrast that pre-school activity to what happens in other charitable programs where the student is ‘given’ a back-pack full of supplies which others

Si es cierto que es más complicado crear hojaldres de harinas distintas a la harina de trigo, también es cierto que si es posible; el mercado ofrece una serie de alternativas sin gluten, que podemos considerar para evitar las lágrimas de enero frente al espejo o esos efluvios de arrepentimiento que torturan. La buena mesa es uno de los placeres de la vida. No hay quien lo niegue, y ésta es la época para gozar de ella y una buena cena es la mejor excusa para reunir a la familia. Entonces si de eso se trata, de nuestra familia ¿por qué no recurrir a las mejores opciones y proteger a nuestra familia preparando las más deliciosas recetas saludables? Si sabemos que los excesos de grasa son un problema para la salud de

think may be needed. Using this ‘Sunday-Friend program approach’ provides the participant with the personal experiences of choices and achievement accomplished in a manner which allows parents to transfer their moral and ethical values. One activity which was impressive due to its ‘standingroom only full house’ was the session on personal health. We witnessed a nurse describe the recommended method to remove a splinter. There was simultaneous presentations in English followed by the Spanish language translations. After the session, each family was provided with a ‘medical emergency kit’ to be taken home. Attendance was rewarded with ‘script money’. The ‘Store’ is where that ‘script money’ can be used to purchase essential items. All items in the store are ‘new’ (not ‘gently used donations of used clothing, etc.). Even laundry soap, tooth paste, and cleaning supplies may be purchased. (no U.S. currency is accepted at the Store). Now, think about the experiences of participants who learn to do

nuestro corazón, ¿por qué no escoger aceites vegetales o de frutas pasando por el de olivo, el de semilla de uva es una opción de las más saludablespara nuestras recetas? El tema económico puede ofrecer cierta resistencia, pero seguro que los beneficios para la salud lo valen. Siempre es posible cocinar con conciencia, escogiendo no sólo los mejores ingredientes, es decir los más saludables, sino también las mejores técnicas como el horneado, el salteado y el asado. Para tener los ingredientes más saludables hay que pensar de donde vienen, qué tan frescos están y evitar los alimentos procesados. Eso implica un poco más de esfuerzo y tiempo, pero seguro vale la pena. Una buena opción son siempre los mercados locales,

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

comparative pricing; making choices between ‘high priced items’ and their ‘lower cost’ versions which still do the expected job. This ‘Sunday Friends’ program’s genius is in dealing with the entire family unit. Fathers, mothers and kids learn to talk to and listen to each other. The family unit and its relationship cohesiveness is strengthened. It is not possible to fully describe this ‘Sunday Friends’ approach to charity. We witnessed about 100 families being exposed to this form of receiving a ‘hand-up’ rather than a ‘hand-out. Do visit their website: <www.SundayFriends.org> to become informed about their comprehensive approach to a very broad social challenge in Silicon Valley which contains poverty and homelessness despite having great wealth. This ‘Sunday Friends’ approach is an effective alternative to charitable programs which provide essentials (meals, clothing, shelter, medical care, etc.) while providing for the development of family relationships and cohesiveness.

en los que los campesinos y productores del área ofrecen productos frescos de temporada que no han tenido que recorrer largas distancias para llegar a nuestra mesa. Esta alternativa tiene, además, la ventaja de beneficiar las finanzas locales. Y de acuerdo con los especialistas de la Clínica Mayo,es bueno recordar que siempre es fundamental tener una alimentación equilibrada que nos ofrezca de primera mano los nutrientes que necesitamos. Así que el asunto, al final, no es de negarnos al placer de una buena cena de navidad, si no de poner nuestro mayor esfuerzo en que sea lo más saludable posible.

P.O. Box 1990 San Jose, CA 95109 99 North First Street, Suite 100 San Jose, CA 95113 PUBLISHER Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com PUBLISHER EMERITUS Hilbert Morales hmorales@el-observador.com ADVERTISING & SALES DIRECTOR Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com MANAGING EDITOR Arturo Hilario arturo@el-observador.com spanish.editor@el-observador.com CONTRIBUTORS Mario Jimenez Hector Curriel OP-ED Hilbert Morales english.editor@el-observador.com LEGAL NOTICES Erica Marie Najar eolegalnotices@gmail.com ACCOUNTING Erica Marie Najar eofrontdesk@gmail.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER & ILLUSTRATOR

ABOUT US El Observador was founded in 1980 to serve the informational needs of the Hispanic community in the San Francisco Bay Area with special focus on San Jose, the capital of Silicon Valley. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced by any form or by any means, this includes photo copying, recording or by any informational storage and retrevial systems, electronic or mechanical without express written consent of the publishers. Opinions expressed in El Observador by persons submitting articles are not necessarily the opinions of the publishers.


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CALENDAR

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¡VAMOS A GOZAR!

Roberto Cruz Leadership AcademyOpen House/Sesión Infromativa Tuesday, December 8th, 2015/ Martes, 8 de diciembre 6:00 pm – 7:00 pm 14271 Story Road, San Jose CA Info: 408-729-2282 Downtown Ice November 13th – February 7th, 2015 12:00 pm – 12:00 am Plaza de Cesar Chavez Market Street, San Jose, CA $13 - $15 Christmas in the Park November 27th – January 3rd, 2015 9:00 am – Midnight Plaza de Cesar Chavez Market Street, San Jose, CA Free Las Bandidas S.C & Parliament C.C Sock and Glove Drive Sunday December 13th, 2015 10:00 am – 3:00 pm Back Parking Lot of 4th Street Bowl Info: (Erica) 408-859-1487 Free Admission Day Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History Friday December 4th, 2015 Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History 1305 East Cliff Dr, Santa Cruz, CA South First Fridays Free Art Walk Friday December 4th, 2015 6:00 pm South First Street San Jose, CA Free

The Nutcracker Friday December 4th, 2015 7:30 pm Flint Center 21250 Stevens Creek Blvd., Cupertino, CA $18 - $52 City of Santa Clara Photography Exhibit Wednesday December 9th, 2015 7:00 am – 5:00 pm City of Santa Clara - Senior Citizens Center 1303 Fremont St, Santa Clara, CA Free Christian Pepin Saturday December 5th, 2015 7:30 pm Tateuchi Hall, Community School of Music and Arts 230 San Antonio Circle, Mountain View, CA Free The Girl King Sunday December 6th, 2015 4:05 pm, 6:30 pm, 8:55 pm Camera 3 Cinemas 288 S. Second St, San Jose, CA $5.50 - $10 Speed and Power Monday December 7th, 2015 11:00 am – 5:00 pm Cantor Arts Center 328 Lomita Dr, Palo Alto, CA Free Holidays with Cantabile Sunday December 6th, 2015 7:00 pm California Theatre 345 South First Street, San Jose, CA $25 - $60 Man of La Mancha Saturday December 5th, 2015 8:00 pm Bus Barn Stage Company

97 Hillview Ave, Los Altos, CA $18 - $36 You-Sing-It Messiah Monday December 7th, 2015 7:30 pm California Theatre 345 South First Street, San Jose, CA $15 - $20 NIDays 2015 Tuesday December 8th, 2015 8:00 am – 5:30 pm San Jose Convention Center South Hall 435 S. Market Street, San Jose, CA Free Glass Ornament Sale Tuesday December 8th, 2015 5:00 - 9:00 pm Santana Row 333 Santana Row, San Jose, CA Free Ann Leckie Tuesday December 8th, 2015 6:30 pm Santa Clara City Library 2635 Homestead Road, Santa Clara, CA Free Wax Wednesday Wednesday December 9th, 2015 9:00 pm Cafe Stritch 374 S 1st St, San Jose, CA Free Miracle on 34th Street Saturday December 5th, 2015 8:00 pm Theatre on San Pedro Square 29 North San Pedro Street, San Jose, CA $15 - $40


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EDUCATION

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

Calling all CS Learning Champions! Cecilia Muñoz & Megan Smith

The White House Blog Here is what you can do to advance Computer Science Education. Technology plays a role in nearly every aspect of our lives today —it’s how we connect with friends and family, discover the weather forecast, find jobs, play, and importantly learn. Yet too few of us, from our youngest to our eldest Americans, are going beyond being a ‘user’ of technology to becoming a maker, coder, discoverer, tinkerer, designer —and harnessing the power of computing to solve new challenges and make everyones’ lives healthier, safer, more efficient, better informed, and more fun. Computational literacy” —being able to code, script, design, program, debug, and understand computer science—is rapidly emerging as an essential skill for today’s students. Many jobs in the 21st century will require the type of problem-solving ability

that is advanced by training in computer science. In fact, it is projected that by 2020 information technology (IT) skills and computational thinking will be needed in more than half of all jobs and greater than 50 percent of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) job growth over that time period will be in computer science fields, leading to a shortage of more than one million IT-skilled Americans. In addition to IT professionals, people employed in most STEM jobs in the coming decades will require some level of sophisticated computational skills and many jobs inthe 21st Century will require the type of problem-solving ability that is advanced by computational thinking. For those already in the workforce, the President’s TechHire Initiative and the Administration’s focus on inclusive entrepreneurship (including as part of the first-ever White House Demo Day) are aimed at

providing more Americans with the skills today to launch careers in fields like cybersecurity, network administration, coding, project management, UI design and data analytics—positions with average salaries more than one and a half times higher than the average private-sector American job. It’s time to ramp up our efforts to engage the next generation in these growing opportunities. Other countries have recognized the demand for a computational literate workforce and several, notably England, and are moving to offer computer science to all students, starting in early elementary school. However, in the United States, only 26 states allow students to count computer science toward high school graduation. In most U.S. schools, computer science is offered as an elective or not available at all. Beyond access to computer science education more

President Obama visits with students and engaging in coding during the “Hour of Code” event in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, in Washington, D.C., Dec. 8, 2014. Official White House Photo.

broadly, we as a country are also missing out on the talent and innovation from a large proportion of women and racial and ethnic minorities who are grossly underrepresented in IT and computer science fields. In 2015, girls represented only 22 percent and underrepresented minorities only 13 percent of the approximately 50,000 students who took the Advanced Placement Computer Science (AP-CS) exam nationally. In 10 states fewer than 10 high school girls took AP-CS—in 23 states, fewer than 10 African American students took the AP-CS, with none taking it in nine of those states. Unconscious and institutional bias keeps the U.S. from fielding all of our talent in these roles. However, there is emerging good news—momentum is building to provide wider access for students to computational skills, computer science education and next generation ways of learning and teaching.

For example, in response to the President’s call to action ahead of CS Ed Week 2014, in December we announced:

•Commitments in partnership with Code.org by more than 60 school districts, including the seven largest in the country, to offer computer science courses. •More than $20 million in philanthropic contributions to train 25,000 teachers to teach computer science in time for the 2016 school year. •New partnerships with the National Science Foundation (NSF), including a new AP Computer Science course by the College Board, that emphasize the creative aspects of computing and a focus on real-world applications. •New steps to increase the participation of women and people of color in computer science including many innovative outreach efforts. •In September, NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that within 10 years the city’s public schools will be required to offer computer science to all students. With this announcement, NYC joins Chicago, San Francisco, and other cities and districts with plans in place to offer computer science courses to all students in K-12 public schools. •Parents overwhelmingly

support these moves. According to a recent survey, a full nine out of ten parents support the use of class time for computer science education. •And last month, Congress passed and the President signed the STEM Education Act of 2015that specifically defines STEM to include computer science at a number of Federal agencies. To build on this momentum — and in advance of Computer Science Education Week 2015 (December 7-13) — we are reissuing the call to public and private sector partners from districts across the country to commit to doing more to provide students with access to computer science and we want to hear about remarkable computer science educators and students in your community! As you celebrate Computer Science Education Week, think about new commitments andremarkable CS champions and submit your ideas! Cecilia Muñoz is Assistant to the President and Director of the Domestic Policy Council and Megan Smith is U.S. Chief Technology Officer.


teamed up with diversity organizations and colleges that serve minorities, and also encouraged in-house initiatives among employees. Apple has committed more than $50 million to diversity efforts. Despite such efforts, many feel that more needs to be done to cultivate diverse perspectives in the tech industry and to expand a pipeline of talent that better reflects society.

BPT Last year, a number of tech firms released reports on the demographic makeup of their employees and highlighted how diversity is severely lacking in the industry. Google

Nathaniel Sillin PRACTICAL MONEY MATTERS

¿Está preocupado por su situación financiera? Por octavo año consecutivo, la Asociación Americana de Psicología (APA) identificó al dinero como el principal generador de estrés. El 72 por ciento de los estadounidenses dice estar estresado por el dinero y aproximadamente 1 de cada 5 dice haber dejado de ir o haber pensado en dejar de ir al médico por problemas financieros. En cuanto a las relaciones, casi un tercio de los adultos en pareja dijo que el dinero es “uno de los principales motivos de conflicto”. Estas son las principales preocupaciones financieras y algunos consejos para vencerlas. Está a solo un sueldo del desastre financiero. La Corporación para el Desarrollo Empresarial informó recientemente que más del 40 por ciento de los hogares estadounidenses “carece de activos líquidos”, es decir, tienen menos de tres meses

BUSINESS

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DECEMBER 04-10,2015

indicated that 61 percent of its employees were white, 30 percent Asian, 4 percent identified as two or more races, 3 percent Hispanic, 2 percent black and 1 percent other. These numbers were fairly consistent among other

prominent tech companies, including Apple, Facebook and Twitter. When those same companies released progress reports this year, little to no gains were made.

de ahorros que los ayuden a absorber un golpe financiero como la pérdida del trabajo, una emergencia médica u otro gasto imprevisto.

anda, Japón y Australia –tuvieron un desempeño similar. Evidentemente, es un problema global.\Consejo: Identifique cuáles son sus principales problemas financieros. ¿Cada centavo que gana lo usa para pagar facturas? ¿No tiene ahorros ni inversiones? ¿No tiene un fondo de emergencia? Cuando haya identificado los principales puntos ciegos de su economía, busque ayuda. Hable con algún amigo de confianza o familiar con buenos hábitos financieros o con un asesor financiero profesional que pueda ayudarlo a saber dónde está parado, establecer metas realistas y reiniciar su educación financiera.

Consejo: Cree un fondo de emergencia. Después de aprender a hacer un presupuesto (http://www. practicalmoneyskills.com/ budgeting), el siguiente paso fundamental en la planificación financiera es crear un fondo de emergencia (http:// www.practicalmoneyskills. com/emergencycalc). Ahorrar e invertir para otras metas también es importante, pero después de la creación y revisión anual de un fondo de emergencia médica. Esta financieramente perdido. Una encuesta de 2014 realizada por economistas de la Universidad George Washington y la Escuela Wharton de la Universidad de Pensilvania indica que solo el 30 por ciento de los estadounidenses pudo responder correctamente tres preguntas básicas de finanzas personales relacionadas con los ahorros y las ganancias de las inversiones. Los encuestados de otros países desarrollados importantes –como Alemania, Hol-

In response, Twitter has

No logra ponerse al día. El Índice de Seguridad Financiera de marzo de Bankrate. com dice que casi la mitad de los estadounidenses no ahorra lo suficiente como para cubrir una emergencia o el retiro. Solo un cuarto de los hogares de clase media con ingresos de entre $50.000 y $75.000 logra ahorrar más del 15 por ciento de sus ingresos. Consejo: Olvídese del pasado y empiece de cero. Comience por saber cuál es su situación financiera actual. Luego, re-

How can the country tackle such a problem? Many believe the next generation of technology leaders cannot emerge, let alone include children from diverse backgrounds, until children in K-12 classrooms receive earlier access to tech education. To illustrate the urgency, consider how computer programming jobs are growing at twice the national average compared to other industries. This makes particularly trou-

corte sus gastos y busque la manera de incrementar sus ingresos para poder compensar el tiempo perdido. Sus problemas económicos están poniendo en riesgo sus relaciones más cercanas. Los problemas de dinero afectan a todas las relaciones, pero las parejas pueden ser las más perjudicadas por los secretos financieros o las llamadas “infidelidades financieras”.

bling a recent finding by Code. org, a non-profit organization committed to expanding participation in computer science, that nine out of 10 high schools in the U.S. do not offer computer science classes. What’s more alarming is that according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, by 2020 1.4 million computer science jobs will be available nationally, but only 400,000 computer science students will be available to fill those roles. With such numbers, the need to encourage children and adults from all backgrounds to pursue STEM fields and build careers in tech cannot be understated. Because specialized training for many sectors in the technology field begins in college, the higher education sector is in a unique position to expand opportunity in underserved communities and increase the

Reúna toda la información y busque ayuda si la necesita. Anote todos los pagos y demás decisiones financieras en un calendario de papel o digital con los correspondientes recordatorios. En resumen: Los temores financieros pueden afectar su salud y sus relaciones. Atenúe ese estrés con educación, ayuda

One institution that has spearheaded such efforts is University of Phoenix. Given the unique needs of the students – many of who are working adults – the University developed degree programs in Information Systems and Technology. These programs provide students with a wide range of technical and organizational skills, as well as an understanding of core business concepts that emphasizes how technology is the bridge that connects them with their future careers. This is one example of how industry leaders across the public and private sectors are making a commitment to building diversity in the workforce and filling the important rolls that the tech industry needs to stay strong.

y acciones positivas para mejorar sus perspectivas financieras futuras. Nathaniel Sillin dirige los programas de educación financiera de Visa. Para seguir a Habilidades Financieras Prácticas en Twitter: www.twitter. com/PracticalMoney

Consejo: Hágase cargo. Busque asesoramiento profesional, cuantifique la gravedad del problema, arme un plan y comparta los detalles cara a cara con sus seres queridos o sus socios comerciales. Asuma que no va a poder controlar sus respuestas, por eso, concéntrese en resolver el problema y comprométase a dejar de ocultar su comportamiento para siempre. No puede manejar el papelerío financiero. El hecho de no poder manejar las facturas, los resúmenes bancarios y demás llamadas o notificaciones financieras, generalmente refleja algún tipo de incertidumbre financiera. Consejo:

Busque

ayuda.

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diversity of the workforce in the tech industry.

Channel 30, Sundays @ 7:30pm Channel 27, Mondays @ 4:30pm


6

HEALTH

La FDA determina que el consumo del salmón diseñado genéticamente es tan seguro como el salmón natural FDA Tras una evaluación científica exhaustiva y rigurosa, la Administración de Alimentos y Medicamentos (FDA, por sus siglas en inglés) ha llegado a la conclusión de que el salmón AquAdvantage es tan seguro para su consumo como cualquier otro salmón del Atlántico no diseñado genéticamente, y también igual de nutritivo. La evaluación del salmón diseñado genéticamente por parte de la FDA Los científicos de la FDA evaluaron de manera rigurosa los exhaustivos datos presentados por el fabricante, AquaBounty Technolo-

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gies y otros datos sometidos a revisión por homólogos, para ver si el salmón AquAdvantage cumplía o no con los criterios de aprobación que establece la ley; concretamente, con los de seguridad y eficacia. Los datos demostraron que los genes incorporados mantuvieron su estabilidad durante varias generaciones de peces, que los alimentos derivados de salmón diseñado genéticamente son seguros para el consumo humano y animal, que la ingeniería genética es segura para los peces, y que el salmón cumple con la afirmación del auspiciante de un crecimiento más rápido. Además, la FDA evaluó los efectos medioambientales de la aprobación de esta solicitud y determinó que no afectaría de manera significativa el medio ambiente de los Estados Unidos. Esto, gracias a las varias medidas de contención que la empresa adop-

COMUNIDAD DEL VALLE

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

tará en sus instalaciones tierra adentro en Panamá y Canadá, las cuales harán extremadamente improbable que los peces puedan escapar y establecerse en la naturaleza. El etiquetado de alimentos que tienen ingredientes diseñados genéticamente Al mismo tiempo, muchos consumidores también quieren saber si sus alimentos o cualquiera de sus ingredientes provienen de fuentes alimenticias diseñadas genéticamente. Aunque la ley no exige que los alimentos que contienen ingredientes derivados de este tipo de salmón sean etiquetados como diseñado genéticamente, la FDA reconoce que muchos consumidores están interesados en esta información y algunos fabricantes de alimentos querrán hacer la distinción.

Cultural diversity of healthcare workforce key to improving nation’s health BPT By 2060, the American population will be older and more racially and ethnically diverse than at any other time in our history, according to statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau. The number of people older than 65 will double, and the need will grow for healthcare and registered nurses to provide it. Even though nursing is one of the fastest-growing careers in the U.S., there won’t be enough registered nurses available to fill the rising demand for care, according to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). As America addresses an ongoing nursing shortage, healthcare leaders stress the importance of enhancing available healthcare services through the work of nurses who mirror and understand the ethnic and cultural diversity of the populations they care for. When you’re ill, your need for care isn’t just about medical requirements. Recovery from injury, illness and surgery is a mental game, too, and studies have shown that having a nurse whom you feel understands you can improve your response to treatment. The relevance of this correlation is rising with the minority population in the U.S. The Census Bureau predicts

that minority residents will comprise 57 percent of the population in 2060. With the AACN reporting that nurses from minority backgrounds represent only 19 percent of the registered nurse workforce, there is growing opportunity for ethnically diverse nurses to care for increasingly diverse patients. Studies have shown that when patients feel understood by their nurse, they are more likely to trust his or her recommendations, which can improve their health outcomes. Additionally, a nurse who is familiar with a patient’s culture – including diet, traditions and beliefs about medical treatment – is better equipped to address their specific needs. Penelope Pattalitan, associate professor at the Chamberlain College of Nursing Miramar, Florida, campus, recently researched these barriers and outlined recommendations for how hospitals can streamline and support the transition of a nursing workforce with foreign and domestic educational backgrounds. One of many tactics Pattalitan recommends is improving training programs for foreign-educated nurses to acquaint them more thoroughly with nursing practices and technology in the United States. “Certain adjustments to the orientation period of a foreign-educated nurse’s career in the U.S. increase the potential for career success and improve patient out-

comes,” she says. Based on her findings, Pattalitan recommends improving training and orientation programs to educate foreign-educated nurses – registered nurses who received nursing education in a country other than the U.S. – about new equipment, differences in the hospital setup and environment, use of electronic health records, and cultural differences in the U.S., specifically when it comes to patients’ care. “A nurse workforce that reflects greater diversity can help break down communication barriers and ensure better patient advocacy,” she says. Similarly, educators and school administrators can help remove cultural obstacles that may hinder minority students from entering nursing programs by helping them identify resources that will make them more comfortable in their future profession. Expanding the pipeline of nurses entering the U.S. healthcare workforce can help fill the projected nursing shortage and better address the changing healthcare landscape in this country. A pipeline of nurses that better reflects the national population can help healthcare professionals improve their understanding of patients’ cultural needs and sensitivities, enhancing the care they deliver and improving patient outcomes.


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DECEMBER 04-10,2015

California is failing to provide shelter for two-thirds of its homeless population. Credit: Compass Family Services

Suzanne Potter CALIFORNIA NEWS SERVICE SAN FRANCISCO - California needs to do a much better job of caring for the homeless - because almost two-thirds are sleeping outside with no shelter, according to a new report from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development. The annual report takes a snapshot in time - in this case, on one night in January of this year. Researchers found that California has 21 percent of the country's homeless population, or almost 116,000 people. Jennifer Friedenbach, executive director of the Coalition on Homelessness of San Francisco, says California's state government has paid little attention to the problem. "We have very little investment by the state in this issue," she maintains. "They fund a very tiny amount of money toward emergency shelter. "Our primary funding for housing, at least in San Francisco, was through redevelopment, which was eliminated." Across the country, the number of individuals experiencing chronic homelessness declined by 31 percent, or almost 23,000 people, between 2010 and 2015. Friedenbach attributes that to a big federal push after the recession to find housing

for homeless families with children.She says the state is being shortsighted by leaving the problem up to cash-strapped cities and counties."We're spending much more money keeping people homeless because, of course, the health care

costs have skyrocketed," she states. "Human beings are not meant to live outdoors. Their health deteriorates, and so we incur large amounts of money in our health care system that

would be much cheaper just to house people."The study also found that the lion's share of California's homeless is in Los Angeles County, which has more than three times the homeless population of the Bay Area.

COMMUNITY

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In Regards to Department of Child Support Services, Social Services Agency, County of Santa Clara Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR The following is a report, crafted from the dialogue which Damian Trujillo, Producer & Moderator, Comunidad del Valle, NBC 3, Sunday, 3:00 PM, November 29, 2015: Damian Trujillo, Producer and Moderator, Comunidad del Valle, Sunday, NBC TV 3: Damian Trujillo had as guests, Ignacio Moreno, Director, and Bertha AndradeGibson, Supervising Child Support Officer, Department of Child Support Services, Social Services Agency, County of Santa Clara. D. Trujillo: “My guess, Ignacio, is that you are the most feared man in the County.” I. Moreno: “I hope not (laughs). Our message is that I really hope that our customers are pro-active in communicating with us. And, not fearful when communicating with us.” D. Trujillo: “Well, let’s paint the bad picture first and then we will bring in the nice picture we want to communicate. How bad is it out there when men or women are held to being responsible for their child’s support payments?” B. Andrade-Gibson: “We have a large population

COMMUNITY

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

that don’t pay, but then we also have a large population which do pay. We collected a lot of money this year…about $92 million. We want people to know that we (in Child Support Services) are there to help; not just to collect. We want persons to come in; not be fearful; and allow us to assist them with through options and programs available. If they have problems, we are there to inform, counsel and assist them.”

D. Trujillo: “We just showed a video of kids playing in a school yard. This is really all about them.”

D. Trujillo: “If there are a lot who are not paying (their child support) that should be a concern for you, me and all of us in this county.”

D. Trujillo: “Bertha, "What are the ways of ensuring that that child and the family are getting what is due to them?”

I. Moreno: “There are a portion of obligors who are not fulfilling their commitment. We have remedies for those folks. There are legal enforcement tactics that are in place. Fortunately, the majority of our cases do pay. One of the avenues that we prefer to use is that of pro-active communication. It really helps when our clients really understand what the expectations and responsibilities are up front.” D. Trujillo: “Some folks who are obligated to pay (child support), may think it is not fair until they meet your and/ or your staff. Is it then when they talk to you that they realize that maybe this is fair and there is a way of doing this.” B. Andrade-Gibson: “Yes, we have a process in place and we explain everything to them. Of course, we have the ruling of the court and state requirements we have to follow. We open the doors (of understanding) to them. Once they are not fearful or anxious about us, we can establish a great working relationship. It is not about them; it is about the established legal process.”

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I. Moreno: “Absolutely. The focus is that we are doing our best to collect the child support that families are legally, financially, and morally entitled to receive. We ensure that they get the resources needed to become self-sufficient members of our community.”

B. Andrade-Gibson: “Coming in to our (Child Support) offices; obtaining the application forms; getting an order for medical support; maternity support and, of course, child support. That helps us get the needed resources and money out to the families which need them.”

their parental responsibilities.” D. Trujillo: “What kind of power or authority are you given by the county?” I.Moreno: “Santa Clara County’s Department of Child Support Services has a lot of authority. Not only in terms of enforcement and tactics that we take, but also legally under existing statutes. What we try to do is to

not rely so much on those avenues of enforcement. What we really want to do is to focus upon education. Our system is complicated; the court system is complicated. For folks who have no experience in it, it is difficult for them to understand it. It is difficult for them to understand it. It can be intimidating. So what we try to do is to proactively educate our customers. Once we put them at ease, they can make better decisions about

their children.” D. Trujillo: “It is not always about the bad guys. If you want more information or need to contact Child Support Services, SCC, phone 866-901-3212 or go to <www.sccgov.org/sites/ DCSS>. WRITER’S NOTE: Damian Trujillo is a former EO intern of Journalism and Mass Communications.

D. Trujillo: “Ignacio, we discussed the impact of poverty off camera. This child support can often be the difference between a child being on the poverty rolls or not on the poverty rolls depending on how responsible the child’s parents are.” I. Moreno: “Absolutely. Our case load is upwards of 37,000 families. That represents over 55,000 children in Santa Clara County. For many of those families, they struggle economically and socially. These families are fragile. And child support is one of the true safety nets that keep them out of poverty. It is one our jobs to ensure that those children are receiving the financial support that they are entitled to. But, we are also doing it in a way that helps us be more efficient and effective as a government (agency). We ensure that persons are living up to

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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 04-10,2015


DECEMBER 04-10,2015

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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

¿Se siente confundido con respecto a sus opciones de Medicare? Usted tiene preguntas; nosotros tenemos respuestas.

Visítenos en la Web: www.CareMore.com

Participe con nosotros en un Foro informativo de Medicare Es posible que Medicare no sea muy claro, así que aquí estamos nosotros para simplificar las cosas. Lo invitamos a que obtenga información sobre cuáles son sus opciones de Medicare.

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No pierda su oportunidad de aprovechar al máximo su plan de Medicare y encuentre el plan Medicare Advantage que sea adecuado para usted.

En este evento de cortesía, usted aprenderá lo siguiente: Cómo reunir los requisitos para Medicare  Qué son la Parte A, la Parte B y la Parte C de Medicare  Cómo evitar el pago de una multa por inscripción tardía de la Parte D  Cómo ahorrar en el costo de sus medicamentos con receta  Cuáles son los beneficios de un plan HMO de necesidades especiales  ¡Y mucho más! 

Asista a una reunión y reciba una tarjeta de cortesía de $10 para la compra de un pavo y jamón en una sucursal de Walmart†. La tarjeta no tiene valor monetario y no puede convertirse en efectivo. Finaliza el 31/12/2015.

⊲ Además, le ayudaremos a averiguar cómo hacer para reunir los requisitos para los programas estatales y federales que podrían reducir sus gastos de salud de bolsillo para usted o un ser querido.

No se demore, ¡reserve su lugar hoy mismo! Usted y sus convidados están invitados a asistir a una reunión de cortesía en su área. El espacio es limitado, por lo que reserve su lugar hoy mismo. ¡Esperamos verlo pronto!

Sábado, 5 de diciembre • 12PM* CareMore Care Center 225 N. White Road San Jose *Esta presentación se realizará en solamente en español. Un representante de ventas estará a su disposición para proporcionar información y solicitudes de inscripción. Las personas con necesidades especiales que deseen asistir a las reuniones de ventas deben llamar al 1-877-211-6614 (los usuarios de TTY/TDD deben llamar al 711), de 8:00 a. m. a 8:00 p. m., los 7 días de la semana.

EL PERÍODO DE INSCRIPCIÓN ABIERTA FINALIZA EL 7 DE DICIEMBRE. LLAME HOY MISMO: 1-844-705-1436 (TTY: 711) de 8:00 a. m. a 8:00 p. m., los siete días de la semana. Este número lo comunicará con un agente de seguros autorizado. Se habla español.By calling this number, you will reach a licensed insurance agent. Se habla Español.

Gratuito, sin obligación alguna hasta agotar existencias. CareMore Health Plan es un plan HMO/HMO SNP que tiene un contrato con Medicare. La inscripción en CareMore Health Plan depende de la renovación del contrato. La información sobre beneficios que se brinda es un resumen breve, no una descripción completa de los beneficios. Para obtener más información, comuníquese con el plan. Pueden aplicarse ciertas limitaciones, copagos y restricciones. Los beneficios, el formulario, la red de farmacias, la prima o los copagos/coseguros pueden cambiar el 1 de enero de cada año. Debe continuar pagando la prima de la Parte B de Medicare. Usted debe utilizar farmacias de la red para tener acceso a su beneficio de medicamentos con receta, excepto en casos que no sean de rutina. Es posible que se apliquen restricciones y límites en la cantidad. Los beneficios de farmacia están sujetos a una lista de medicamentos cubiertos que puede ser modificada. El Formulario, la red de farmacias o la red de proveedores pueden cambiar en cualquier momento. Usted recibirá un aviso cuando sea necesario. Esta información está disponible sin cargo en otros idiomas. Comuníquese con nuestro Servicio al cliente al 1-877-211-6614. Los usuarios de TDD/TTY deben llamar al 711. El horario de atención es de 8:00 a. m. a 8:00 p. m., los 7 días de la semana desde el 1 de octubre hasta el 14 de febrero (excepto el Día de Acción de Gracias y Navidad), y de lunes a viernes desde el 15 de febrero hasta el 30 de septiembre (excepto los días feriados). This information is available for free in other languages. Please contact our customer service number at 1-877-211-6614. TDD/TTY users call 711. 8 a.m. – 8 p.m., 7 days a week from October 1 through February 14 (except Thanksgiving and Christmas), and Monday – Friday (except holidays) from February 15 through September 30. Y0114_16_111522B CHP_MK CMS Accepted (112215)


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NATIONAL

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

Shootings nearly every day in 2015 only highlight how broken our systems are

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

Arturo Hilario EL OBSERVADOR Another shooting occurred while beginning to craft this piece, so its initial purpose has been skewed, if only made more true by the ongoing violence, in which the United States, in a “time of peace”, is one of the most violent places in the world. On Wednesday, two armed shooters entered a social services facility in San Bernardino. 14 people were killed, 21 injured, in what is now officially the most deadliest attack on U.S. soil since 2012, when the Aurora, Colorado (July 20th), and Sandy Hook (December 15th) shootings took place.

Modificaciones al Programa de tarifas de VTA válidas a partir de enero de 2016 ¿Cuándo cambiarán los pases de un día Day Pass?

A partir del 1 de enero de 2016, los pases de un día Day Pass estarán general y únicamente disponibles a los pasajeros que usen Clipper®; los pasajeros ya no podrán comprar el pase de un día Day Pass en la caja de cobro del autobús o en las máquinas expendedoras de boletos del tranvía. Los pases de un día Day Pass de papel continuarán siendo expedidos sólamente a aquellos pasajeros que usen fichas para el pase de un día Day Pass distribuidas a través de agencias públicas y de servicios sociales.

¿Qué es Clipper ? ®

Clipper es la tarjeta que se utiliza para todos los servicios de transporte público en el Área de la Bahía. Además de VTA, las agencias de transporte público que aceptan la tarjeta Clipper incluyen a BART, CalTrain, AC Transit, Muni y otras. Para una lista completa, diríjase a www.ClipperCard.com

¿Dónde puedo obtener una tarjeta Clipper Card?

Durante un periodo de tiempo limitado y mientras que dure el inventario, un número limitado de tarjetas Clipper será distribuido sin cargo alguno durante las Actividades de extensión a la comunidad Community Outreach de VTA en varias ciudades y en el Centro de Servicio de VTA en el centro de San José (VTA Downtown Customer Service Center) y en el lobby de la oficina administrativa de River Oaks. Asimismo, los pasajeros pueden comprar una tarjeta Clipper en: • El lobby de la oficina administrativa de VTA en River Oaks 3331 N. First St., San José 95134 • El Centro de Servicio de VTA en el centro (VTA Downtown Customer Service Center) 55 W. Santa Clara St., San José 95113 • La mayoría de las tiendas Walgreens – llame a su tienda local de Walgreens en el Área de la Bahía para confirmar • Otras tiendas – visite www.ClipperCard.com para obtener una lista completa

¿Cómo trabaja la función acumuladora (Accumulator) de la tarjeta Clipper?

Las tarifas de un usuario de Clipper se acumularán durante ese día hasta llegar a la cantidad correspondiente a la del pase de un día Day Pass; una vez que alcance esa cantidad, el usuario de Clipper puede continuar haciendo recorridos sin cargos adicionales de tarifa por el resto del día. Cuando se tiene el límite diario de tarifas, se elimina la necesidad de llegar a una máquina expendedora de boletos o de poner dinero en la caja de cobro en el autobús. Sólo toque su tarjeta Clipper en el lector cada vez que haga un recorrido.

¿Dónde puedo obtener información adicional? Visite www.VTA.org/Clipper. 1510-0363

While motives still linger in the shooting this week, it is known that two individuals, a male and female, shot at a crowd of county employees at a Christmas party at Inland Regional Center. The nonprofit is a support center serving community members with developmental disabilities. Guns have long have a history with war, and revolutions. Gunpowder and revolt have been figments of our own country’s history, and its storied attachment to the ideals and freedoms of the country have made it a sign of our nation, with both good and bad elements. The west was won with Colt’s and Winchester’s, and that ambition of conquering the wild and deafening the ‘villains of the saloon’, carry onto the 21st century. It’s becoming difficult, even to the naysayers, that gun control laws currently allow for shootings to occur more often than not. But the issue of this debate isn’t how we should take away weapons but how to regulate those who own them. For every criminal shooter we have thousands more who are cautious, and responsible gun owners. To take away these rights would be against our country’s beliefs and foundations, yet not all guns are created equally (The M134 General Electric Minigun and flamethrowers are legal to own), and not all people are within the safest mental capacities to own them. But the problems stem not only to gun owners but to the protectors of the peace themselves. UK Newspaper The Guardian has a thoroughly investigative branch of its website called “The Counted”, <theguardian.com/

This screenshot, from a portion of data from the Guardian, shows the shootings that have happened since last week, with the totals for this year at the top. Photo: Guardian UK

us-news/ng-interactive/2015/jun/01/thecounted-police-killings-us-database>, dedicated to covering every officer related shooting in the United States. They only do this with the United States, and are currently at 1,043 deaths by police officer. Not only is the issue of officer related killings problematic, so are the rampage shooter cases, like this week, or just last Friday at the Planned Parenthood in Denver. The data tracking site <http://shootingtra cker.com/w i k i/Ma ss _ Shoot ings _ in_2015> compiles all the shootings that occur in the United States. This year alone there has been a shooting nearly every day (355), a climb from past yearly figures. This data submits circumstantial proof of a rise in gun related killings. Violence Policy Center in Washington DC released a statement shortly after the shootings in San Bernardino, with the Center’s Executive Director Josh Sugarmann stating “Today, yet another mass shooting has occurred. None of us want to live in a country where public mass shootings are routine.” After going over the known details of the shooting at the time he ends with “we already know this national crisis will not end until our elected officials take actions.” Whether this action be tighter restrictions on assault weapons, or how mental health has a role in weapon purchasing, to altering the second amendment, it truly is in the hands of policymakers to fix what is broken, and help curb a very American tradition that we do not want to keep.


EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

Es más que cuidado médico. Es contar con alguien que se preocupa por tu bienestar. 4 de cada 5 personas que se inscribieron a través de Covered California obtuvieron ayuda económica para pagar su seguro médico. Averigua si puedes ser uno de ellos. Obtén ayuda gratis, confidencial y en persona. Inscríbete antes del 15 de diciembre para estar cubierto a partir del 1 de enero. CoveredCA.com/espanol | 800.995.5087

ES CUIDADO PARA LA VIDA.

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LEGAL CLASSIFIEDS Order for Publication or Posting of Summons

AVISO AL DEMANDADO (Nombre): You have been sued. Lo han demandado.

hecho, sus bienes y la custodia de sus hijos. La corte también puede ordenar que pague manutención y honorarios y costos legales. Si desea obtener asesoramiento legal, pónganse en contacto de inmediato con un abogado. Puede obtener información para encontrar a un abogado en el Centro de ayuda de las Cortes de California (www.sucorte.ca.gov), en el sitio Web de los Servicios Legales de California (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org) o poniéndose en contacto con el colegio de abogados de su condado. NOTICE; The restraining orders are effective against both spouses or domestic partners until the petition is dismissed, a judgment is entered, or the court makes further orders. They are enforceable anywhere in California by any law enforcement officer who has received or seen a copy of them.

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com Clerk, by (Secretario, por) K. Saelee Deputy (Asistente) WARNING – IMPORTANT INFORMATION WARNING: California law provides that, for purposes of division of property upon dissolution of a marriage or domestic partnership or upon legal separation, property acquired by the parties during marriage or domestic partnership in joint form is presumed to be community property. If either party to this action should die before the jointly held community property is divide, the language in the deed that characterizes how title is held (i.e. joint tenancy, tenants in common, or community property) will be controlling, and not the community property presumption. You should consult your attorney if you want the community property presumption to be written into the recorded title to the property.

STANDARD FAMILY LAW AVISO; Las órdenes de RESTRAINING ORDERS restricción están en vigencia en cuanto a ambos Starting immediately, you Nikhil Bhatnagar Petitioner’s name is: conyuges miembros de la and your spouse or domes111 N. Market St., 1040 Olivia Barriga pareja de hecho hasta que tic partner are restrained San Jose, Ca 95113 Nombre del demandante: se despida la petición, se from SUPERIOR COURT OF Case Number (Número de emita un fallo o la corte de otras ordenes. Cualquier 1.Removing the minor child CALIFORNIA, COUNTY caso): agencia del orden publico or children of the parties, if OF Santa Clara que haya recibido o visto any, from the state without 115FL170643 una copia de estas ordenes the prior written consent of MAILING ADDRESS: puede hacerlas acatar en the other party or an order 191 North First St. You have 30 CALENDER cualquier lugar de Califor- of the court. CITY AND ZIP CODE: DAYS after this Summons nia. San Jose, CA 95113 and Petition are served on 2.Cashing, borrowing you to file a Response (form NOTICE: If you cannot against, canceling, transferPetitioner: Olivia Barriga FL-120) at the court and Respondent: Heriberto have a copy served on the pay the filing fee, ask the ring, disposing of, or changclerk for a fee waiver form. ing the beneficiaries of any Mota Alvarez petitioner. A letter, phone The court may order you insurance or other covercall, or court appearance to pay back all or part of age, including life, health, ORDER FOR PUBLICA- will not protect you. the fees and cost that the automobile and disability, TION OR POSTING court waived for you and the held for the benefit of the Case No. 115FL170643 If you do not file your Re- other party. parties and their minor child sponse on time, the court or children: Publication Granted: The may make orders affecting Court finds that the Re- your marriage or domestic Exencion De Cuotas: Ai no spondent cannot be served partnership, your property, puede pagar la cuota de 3.Transferring, encumberin any other manner speci- and custody of your chil- presentacion, pida al sec- ing, hypothecating, concealfied in the California Code of dren. You may be ordered retario un formulario de ex- ing, or in any way disposCivil Procedure. The Court to pay support and attorney encion de cuotas. La corte ing of any property, real or puede ordenar que usted personal, whether commuorders that the Summons fees and costs. pague, ya sea en parte o nity, quasi-community, or is served by publication in the newspaper listed below. For legal advice, contact por completo, las cuatas y separate, without the written Publication must occur at a lawyer immediately. You costos de la corte previa- consent of the other party or least once a week for four can get information about mente exentos a petición de an order of the court, except usted o de la otra parte. in the usual course of busisuccessive weeks. finding lawyers at the Caliness or for the necessities fornia Courts Online Self- 1. The name and address of life; and EL OBSERVADOR Help Center (www.courtin- of the court is (el nombre y fo.ca.gov/selfhelp), at the 4.Creating a nonprobate If during the time of Publica- California Legal Services dirección de la corte son): transfer or modifying a tion or Posting you locate Web Site (www.lawhelpcalithe Respondent’s address fornia.org), or by contacting Surerior Court of California, nonprobate transfer in a manner that affects the you must have someone your local court or county county of Santa Clara 170 Park Ave disposition of property sub18 years or older mail the bar association. San Jose, CA 95113 ject to the transfer, without Summons, Petition and the written consent of the Order for Publication to the Tiene 30 DIAS CORRIRespondent. The server DOS después de haber 2. The name, address, other party or an order of must complete and file with recibido la entrega legal and telephone number of the court. Before revocathe Court a Proof of Service de esta Citación y Petición petitioner’s attorney, or the tion of a nonprobate transfer petitioner without an attor- can take effect or a right of or Mail, FL-335. para presentar una Respu- ney, are: survivorship to property can esta (formulario FL-120) (El nombre, dirección, y be eliminated, notice of the Date:November 19, 2015 ante la corte y efectuar la número de teléfono del abo- change must be filed and entrega legal de una copia Published: December 4, 11, al demandante. Una carta gado del demandante, o del served on the other party. demandante si no tiene 18, 25, 2015 o llamada telefónica o una abogado, son): You must notify each other audiencia de la corte NO of any proposed extraordiSUMMONS basta para protegerlo. Nikhil Bhatnagar nary expenditures at least (Family Law) 111 N. Market St., Ste. 1040 five business days prior to Si no presenta su Respuesincurring these extraorNOTICE TO RESPON- ta a tiempo, la corte puede San Jose, CA 95113 DENT (Name): Heriberto dar órdenes que afecten Date (Fecha): March 17, dinary expenditures and 2015 account to the court for all Mota Alvarez su matrimonio o pareja de

extraordinary expenditures made after these restraining orders are effective. However you may use community property, quasicommunity property, or you own separate property to pay an attorney to help you or to pay court costs. ADVERTENCIA – INFORMACION IMPORTANTE ADVERTENCIA: De acuerdo a la ley de California, las propieades adquiridas por las partes durante su matrimonio o pareja de hecho en forma conjunta se consideran propiedad comunitaria para los fines de la división de bienes que ocurre cuando se produce una disolución o separación legal del matrimonio o pareja de hecho. Si cualquiera de las partes de este caso llega a fallecer antes de que se divida la propiedad comunitaria de tenencia conjunta, el destino de la misma quedará determinado por las cláusulas de la escritura correspondiente que describen su tenencia (por ej. tenencia conjunta, tenencia en común o propiedad comunitaria) y no por la presunción de propiedad comunitaria. Si quiere que la presunción comunitaria que registrada en la escritura de la propiedad, debería consultar con un abogado. ORDENES DE RESTRICCION NORMALES DE DERECHO FAMILIAR En forma inmediata, usted y su conyuge o pareja de hecho tienen prohibido: 1. Llevarse de estado de California a los hijos menores de las partes, si los hubiera, sin el consentimiento previo por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. 2. Cobrar, pedir prestado, cancelar, transferir, deshacerse o cambiar el nombre de los beneficiarios de cualquier seguro u otro tipo de cobertura, tal como de vida, salud, vehículo y discapacidad, que tenga como beneficiario(s) a las partes y su(s) hijo(s) menor(es); 3. Tr a n s f e r i r, gravar, hipotecar, ocultar o deshacerse de cualquier manera de cualquier propiedad, inmueble o personal, ya sea comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o separada, sin el consentimiento escrito de la otra parte o una oarden de la corte, con excepción las operaciones realizadas en el curso normal de actividades o para satisfacer las necesidades de la vida; y 4. Crear o modificar una transferencia no testamentaria de manera que afecte el destino de una propiedad sujeta a transferencia, sin el consentimiento por escrito de la otra parte o

una orden de la corte. Antes de que se pueda eliminar la revocación de una transferencia no testamentaria, se debe presentar ante la corte un aviso del cambio y hacer una entrega legal de dicho aviso a la otra parte. Cada parte tiene que notificar a la otra sobre cualquier gasto extraordinario propuesto, por lo menos cinco días laborales antes de realizarlo, y rendir cuenta a la corte de todos los gastos extraordinarios realizados después de que estas órdenes de restricción hayan entrado en vigencia. No obstante, puede usar propiedad comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o suya separada para pagar a un abogado o para ayudarle a pagar los costos de la corte. Published: December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610999 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Drive Transportation and AAA Corprate Tranportation 1400 Colman Ave #25 Santa Clara, CA 95050 Santa Clara County. AAA Charter and Tours INC. 1745 Espana Way Morgan Hill, CA 95037 This business is conducted by a corporation; registrants has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Michael Turmini President December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/10/15 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288375 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Lee, Young Ja. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Lee, Young Ja has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Lee, Young Ja to Lee, Sera. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/26/16 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circula-

DECEMBER 04-10,2015 tion, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 23, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288460 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Givens White Peden III . TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Givens White Peden III has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Givens White Peden III to Trey Givens McIntyre. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/26/16 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 25, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288653 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Shananporn Okuhama . TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Shananporn Okuhama has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Shananporn Okuhama to Jill Okuhana. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 02/02/16 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 2, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV287757 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Song Chol Yi . TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Song Chol Yi has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Song Chol Yi to Daniel Lee. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/26/16 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 30, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court December 4, 11, 18, 25, 2015 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 609860 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, The Flair apartments 5475 Prospect Road San Jose, CA 95129 Santa Clara County. Comeragh, LLC. 20410 Town Center Lane Suite 200 Cupertino, CA 95014This business is conducted by an individual; registrants have begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 09/10/2010 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Juvenal Lombera Pulido November 6, 13, 20, 27, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 10/06/15 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288317 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Ngoc Ly. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner, Ngoc Ly, has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Ngoc Ly to Fiona Ly. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/26/15 at


DECEMBER 04-10,2015 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 20, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 27; December 4, 11, 18, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288365 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Bita Gorji-Ara and Mohammad Hossein Reshadi. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioners, Bita Gorji-Ara and Mohammad Hossein Reshadi, have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Bita Gorji-Ara to Bita Gorjiara b. Mohammad Hossein Reshadi to Mehrdad Reshadi . THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/26/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 23, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 27; December 4, 11, 18, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV286607 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Cristina Mauricio Silva. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner, Cristina Mauricio Silva, has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Cristina Mauricio Silva to Cristina Silva Mauricio. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter a appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 12/29/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four suc-

cessive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 07, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 27; December 4, 11, 18, 2015 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 611417 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Royal Shaving Parlor 227 N. Santa Cruz Ave Los Gatos, CA 95030 Santa Clara County, Dino Masouris 227 N. Santa Cruz Ave Los Gatos, CA 95030. This business is conducted by an individual; registrants have not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Dino Masouris November 27; December 4, 11, 18, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/23/15 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV287757 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Mayu Ishii. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Mayu Ishii has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Kaito Luke Harata to Luke Kaito Ishii. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/12/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 5, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV287891 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Zhiwen Zhao. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Zhiwen Zhao has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com court for a decree changing names as follows: a Zhiwen Zhao to Gabriel Zhiwen Zhao Chiu. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/12/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 10, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288146 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Lam Anh T Huynh and An Anh Huynh. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioners Lam Anh T Huynh and An Anh Huynh have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Lam Anh T Huynh to Ann Lam b. An Anh Huynh to Andre Huynh . THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 12/29/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 16, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV288192 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Ngoc Hanh T Vu A.k.a Ngoc Hanh Thi Vu . TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioner Ngoc Hanh T Vu A.k.a Ngoc Hanh Thi Vu has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Ngoc Hanh T Vu A.k.a Ngoc Hanh Thi Vu to Hanh ngocVu Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons

interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/19/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 17, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV286689 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Susan Thoum and Nyan Nelson . TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioners Susan Thoum and Nyan Nelson have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Nyan Isaac NelsonThoum Jr to Nyan Methuselah Nelson Jr. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 12/29/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 9, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610420 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, MY CHE 5663 Snell Ave San Jose, CA 95123 Santa Clara County. Bich Thuy Tran Dinh 510 Saddle Brook Dr Spc 22 San Jose, CA 95136 This business is conducted by an individual; registrants has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Bich Thuy Tran Dinh November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 10/23/15

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 611016 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, La Mejor Taqueria 2003 Story Rd # 975 San Jose, CA 95122 Santa Clara County. Juvenal Lombera Pulido 2255 Euclid ave East Palo Alto, CA 94303 This business is conducted by an individual; registrants have begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 10/10/15 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Juvenal Lombera Pulido November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/12/15 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 611118 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Sepanta 5544 Muir Dr. San Jose, CA 95124 Santa Clara County. Seyedbenhnam Koohzod 5544 Muir Dr. San Jose, CA 95124 This business is conducted by an individual; registrants have begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 11/13/15 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Seyedbenhnam Koohzod November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/13/1 Statement of Abandonment of Use of Fictitious Business Name NO. 610809 The following person/entity has abandoned the use of the fictitious business names: Ayni Law Group 28 N. First St., Suite 301 San Jose, CA 95113, Santa Clara Co. Mei F. Chen 669 N. Capitol Ave San Jose, CA 95133. This business was conducted by an individual and was filed in Santa Clara County on 07/08/2014 under file no. 594007 Juan Encarnacion November 20, 27; December 4, 11, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/05/2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV287795 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Marcelion Perez Rojo and Claudia Hernandez. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds

that petitioners Marcelion Perez Rojo and Claudia Hernandez have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Miria Hernandez Perez to Miria Perez Hernandez. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/19/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 6, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 115CV287861 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Kuan Wei Chen and Yan Lin. TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: The court finds that petitioners Kuan Wei Chen and Yan Lin, have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Erwin Lin Chen to Erwin Chen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/19/15 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 6, 2015 Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610889 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Mextamale Foods 2003 Story Rd # 100 San Jose, CA 95122 Santa Clara County. Alejandro Arreola 637 N. 2nd St San Jose, CA 95112 and Celia Madriz 2312 Mt. Pleasant Rd San Jose, CA 95148. This business is conducted by general partnership; registrants have begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 11/09/12 “I declare that all in-

LEGAL CLASSIFIEDS

formation in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Celia Madriz General Partner November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/09/15 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610820 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Taco El Molcajete 374 Jerome St San Jose, CA 95125, Santa Clara County. Jesus Jacuinde 374 Jerome St. San Jose, CA 95125. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 08/15/2015 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Jesus Jacuinde November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/05/15 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610912 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, The Fernandez Group 5655 Silver Creek Valley Rd #800 San Jose, CA 95138, Santa Clara County. Perry Fernandez 2863 Buena Crest Ct. San Jose, CA 95121. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 10/26/2005 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Perry Fernandez November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/09/15

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 610980 The following person(s) is (are) doing business, Fit 36 Silicon Valley 1019 Pennington Ln. Cupertino, CA 95014, Santa Clara County. Lynergy Company 1019 Pennington Ln Cupertino, CA 95014. This business is conducted by a corporation; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Perry Fernandez November 13, 20, 27; December 4, 2015 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/10/15

15

Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Robert J. Zipse, JR. No. 115PR177491 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Robert Castaneda in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The petition requests that Robert Castaneda be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Robert J. Zipse, JR. The petition requests the decedent’s will and codicils, if any, be admitted to probate. The will and any codicils are available for examination in the file kept by the court. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administration of Estates Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person files an objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 12/21/2015/2015  at 9:30am, Dept. 10, located at 191 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95113 If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal representative appointed by the courtwithin the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for petitioner: Jennifer E. Ramirez 1299 Del Mar Avenue San Jose, CA 95128


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VIBRAS

DECEMBER 04-10,2015

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

Mario Jiménez Castillo EL OBSERVADOR Santería es una antigua religión basada en creencias espirituales africanas. Actualmente es practicada por millones de personas alrededor del mundo. La santería arribó al continente americano cuando los conquistadores llevaron en sus viajes a miles de esclavos africanos de diversas tribus como los congos y los yoruba nigerianos. Los yorubas tenían muy arraigadas sus creencias religiosas pero en aquel entonces no se les permitía practicar ninguna otra fe que no fuese la católica, de lo contrario estaban destinados a morir en la hoguera de la inquisición. Fue de ese modo como comenzaron a visitar iglesias, siendo influenciados por el reinante catolicismo. Paulatinamente encontraron similitudes entre algunos santos católicos y las deidades africanas que ellos veneraban. La fusión de ambas creencias religiosas dio origen a lo que hoy en día se conoce como santería. A las deidades naturales veneradas en la santería se les llama “Orishas” quiénes han estado directamente ligados a santos católicos con los cuales han sido sincretizados desde siglos atrás. Dentro de las creencias de Santería o Lucumí, se veneran en especial a dieciséis Orishas entre los que destacan divinidades prodigiosas conocidas como las siete potencias africanas: Elegguá, Obatalá, Changó, Yemayá, Oshún, Orúnla y Oggún. El sincretismo se refiere al sistema que trata de conciliar doctrinas diferentes. Orisha- Santo Católico- Fecha de Celebración

Elegguá, sincretizado con el Divino Niño Jesús, Niño Jesús de Praga ySanto Niño de Atocha, 25 de diciembre. Se le pide para tener buena suerte y abrirse camino, para todo lo que ha de iniciarse, para atraer oportunidades, prosperidad y fortuna.

narle a la mala suerte y alejar la amargura, la pobreza y la tristeza.

Obatalá, sincretizado con la Virgen de las Mercedes, 24 de septiembre, se invoca para todo lo referente a la salud, para tener serenidad, longevidad y tener sentimientos puros.

Ochosi, sincretizado con San Norberto, 6 de junio. Para vencer enemigos, magia negra competidores y obstáculos.

Changó, sincretizado con Santa Bárbara bendita, 4 de diciembre. Para tener fuerza, contar con buena energía, incremento de la pasión, suerte con el sexo opuesto y vencer energías malignas. Yemayá, sincretizada con la Virgen de Regla, 7 de septiembre. Pedirle protección, ayuda en situaciones que parecen imposibles. Concede favores a las mujeres que no han podido tener hijos. Oshún, sincretizada con la Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre, 8 de septiembre. Se le pide para el amor, para incremento de la belleza, preservar la juventud, para tener suerte con el dinero y para tener buenos amigos. Orúnla, sincretizado con San Francisco de Asís, 4 de octubre. Para poder ver el futuro, Tomar decisiones correctas, buena suerte en empresas y comercios. Oyá, sincretizada con la Virgen de la Candelaria, 2 de Febrero. Para vencer enfermedades, aplastar hechizos, tomar decisiones acertadas y alejar a la muerte. Babalú Ayé, sincretizado con San Lázaro, 17 de diciembre. Para situaciones de salud, ga-

Oggún, sincretizado con San Pedro, 29 de junio. Para el trabajo, para conseguir un ascenso, llegar al éxito profesional, ”para ganar una contienda”.

Obba, sincretizada con Santa Ana, 26 de julio. Protección en el hogar, fidelidad conyugal, abundancia de recursos y paz en la familia. Aganyú, sincretizado con San Cristóbal, 16 de noviembre. Para protección en viajes, mudanzas y nuevos empleos, protege contra accidentes, desastres naturales y maldades. Orisha Oko, sincretizado con San Isidro Labrador, 15 de mayo. Para recompensas, cosecha, lograr ascensos y suerte en actividades agrícolas y con todo aquello referente a la vegetación y el cuidado de animales. Osaín sincretizado, con San José, 19 de marzo. Para ser precavido, alejar enemigos, procurar un feliz destino y sobre todo para adquirir los secretos de las hierbas que lo curan todo. Inle, sincretizado con San Rafael Arcángel, 29 de septiembre. Para la salud, el bienestar emocional, defensa en contra de enfermedades y enemigos y para ser bienvenido en todas partes. Orishas Ibeyis, sincretizados con San Cosme y San Damián, 26 de septiembre. Para mantener unida a la familia, sobreponerse de penas, por la estabilidad emocional y el bienestar financiero.


DECEMBER 04-10,2015

The holidays can be so wasteful. What are some ways we can green our celebrations this year? Doug Moss & Roddy Scheer EARTHTALK

Environmental organizations are criticizing a move by San Diego Gas and Electric to lobby against community energy providers. Credit: Laura Musikanski/Morguefile.

Suzanne Potter CALIFORNIA NEWS SERVICE SAN DIEGO - Environmental organizations are mobilizing to fight one of the state’s three biggest power companies over an issue known as “community choice aggregation,” a movement by cities to create nonprofit agencies to buy and sell power to consumers. San Diego Gas and Electric just announced it is forming a separate marketing entity to lobby against the idea. By law, the utility can’t use ratepayer money for that purpose. Nicole Capretz, executive director of the San Diegobased Climate Action Campaign, says the utility had previously claimed to be neutral on community choice. “They just proved that they’re not neutral at all,” she says. “They talk out of both sides of their mouth. On the one hand they say, ‘Oh, we support the climate plan.’ On the other hand, they’re lobbying against it and trying to take away the right of local governments to take control over their energy future.”

GREEN LIVING

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In California, community choice electric providers can set rates and decide where to buy power, while utility companies still receive a fee for maintaining the grid. San Francisco starts up its new community choice agency Jan. 1. Pete Hasapopoulos with the Sierra Club’s My Generation campaign says the system is already in place in the city of Lancaster in Los Angeles County, and in Sonoma and Marin counties north of San Francisco. “Where they’re doing it in the other parts of California, they’re delivering more clean energy and even beating the monopolies on rates,” he says. Hasapopoulos adds community choice providers are encouraging more rooftop solar, while the state’s major utilities have asked the Public Utilities Commission to cut the rates they have to pay to customers who generate more power than they use. The city of San Diego has budgeted money for a feasibility study, which should be done by next fall.

Sipping eggnog, listening to carols by the fire and enjoying the beauty of colorfully decorated homes are all warm memories the holiday season conjures. Yet with the rising popularity of Black Friday and Cyber Monday, millions of people are now increasingly absorbed in the season’s commercialism. The National Retail Federation estimates that holiday sales this year will add up to $630.5 billion. All of this shopping generates a lot of trash. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Americans throw away approximately one million extra tons of trash between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day. “Simplify the Holidays,” an e-booklet from the Center for a New American Dream (CNAD), reports that nine in 10 Americans believe holidays should be more about family and caring for others, not giving and receiving gifts, yet the average U.S. consumer plans to spend more this year—about $805—on holiday shopping than last year. To help provide meaningful ways to have fun with less stuff this season, “Simplify the Holidays” includes ideas for simple gifts, low-waste wrapping, ways to connect with your children during the holidays, and more. Readers are asked to “consider creating holidays that instill more meaning into the season and encourage more sharing, laughter, creativity and personal renewal.” “It’s not about depriving yourself of things during the holiday season,” Wen Lee, director of online media and engagement with CNAD,

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emphasizes. “It’s about refocusing on things that really matter, and reducing stress.” Additional easy, stress-free ways to respect the environment during the holidays include carrying reusable totes when shopping for gifts, and using LED lights, which last 20-30 years and require 1/50th the electricity of conventional lights for decorating your tree or home. According to CalRecycle, the 2.6 billion holiday cards sold each year could fill a football field 10 stories high—fortunately, the multitude of e-cards available on the web today provide a no-waste alternative.

companies will home-deliver full-size, potted live trees and pick them up after New Year’s and re-plant them. And with nearly 60 percent of Americans admitting they receive unwanted gifts during the holidays, asking friends and family what gifts they really need or want is an easy way to save waste and minimize time-consuming returns.

Further, the 33 million Christmas trees the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates are sold in North America each year don’t have to end up in landfills—some areas have recycling programs that turn Christmas trees into wood chips and mulch, and some

Greening your holiday season certainly helps the environment, but research shows it is also good for personal and family well-being. The 2002 study, “What Makes for a Merry Christmas?” by psychologists Tim Kasser and Kennon Sheldon concluded that “family and religion pro-

LED lights use 1/50th the electricity of conventional holiday lights and can last for three decades. Credit: Paul Barrows, FlickrCC.

vided the greatest benefit to holiday well-being.” Kasser recently told the American Psychological Association (APA): “[Our study] found that to the extent people focused their holiday season around materialistic aims like spending and receiving, the less they were focused on spiritual aims…we also found people reported ‘merrier’ Christmases when spirituality was a large part of their holiday, but reported lower Christmas well-being to the extent that the holiday was dominated by materialistic aspects.” CONTACTS: CNAD, www. newdream.org; EPA,  www. epa.gov; APA, www.apa.org.

UN MENSAJE IMPORTANTE DE MEDICARE

¡Me gusta ahorrar dinero! Encontré mis medicamentos recetados y copagos a costos más bajos al comparar planes durante la inscripción abierta de Medicare. Elija lo mejor para su salud. Compare su plan de Medicare actual con las opciones disponibles para el 2016 y vea si puede encontrar un plan que se ajuste mejor a sus necesidades. Aún si le agrada su plan actual, verifique si han cambiado costos o coberturas. ¡Es fácil! Llame al 1-800-MEDICARE o visite “Buscar planes de salud y de medicamentos” en es.medicare.gov.

¡No espere! ¡El Período de inscripción abierta de Medicare es desde el 15 de octubre hasta el 7 de diciembre! 1-800-MEDICARE (TTY 1-877-486-2048) w ES.MEDICARE.GOV


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DECEMBER 04-10,2015

San Bernardino We Stand with You

2016-17 Período Abierto de Inscripciones: Dic. 2, 2015 – Feb. 3, 2016 Juntas Informativas Nov. 30, 2015 – Enero 26, 2016

Recorridos/Casa Abierta: Dic. 10, 2015 – Enero 25/28 Regístrese para las juntas informativas & los recorridos en:

Visítenos para obtener más información acerca de nuestras excelentes escuelas y programas. Nuestras escuelas están localizadas en el sur y oeste de San José.


DECEMBER 04-10,2015

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com The holiday season is the most magical time of the year, but there is another, darker Christmas legend whose shadow over pop culture is growing. Ancient folklore warns of Krampus, a myth that has been traced back centuries throughout European cultures. A horned beast who captures disobedient children for Christmas, Krampus is part merry, part monster. Santa rewards the nice; Krampus punishes the naughty. Santa brings laughter and joy; Krampus unleashes darkness and mayhem. Santa gives presents; Krampus takes souls. Now the legendary Krampus is immortalized in a new film that will cast a merrily malicious shadow over Christmas for years to come. Legendary Pictures’ Krampus, the darkly festive tale of this yuletide ghoul, reveals an irreverently twisted side to the holiday.

When his dysfunctional family clashes over the holidays, sensitive and thoughtful young Max Engel (EMJAY ANTHONY of Chef) grows disillusioned and turns his back on Christmas. Little does he know, this lack of festive spirit has unleashed the wrath of Krampus: a demonic force of ancient retribution intent on punishing non-believers. All hell breaks loose as twisted doppelgangers of beloved holiday icons— from frost-bitten snowmen and demonic cherubs to feral teddy bears and wickedly delicious gingerbread men—take on a monstrous life of their own, laying siege to the fractured family’s home and forcing them to fight for each other if they hope to survive. The horror-comedy is executive produced by DANIEL M. STILLMAN (The Bourne Legacy).

MOVIES

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LA LISTA DE ESPERA PARA VIVIENDAS DE LA SECCIÓN 8 ESTÁ ABIERTA Apartamentos Webster Wood 941 Webster Street, Palo Alto La lista de espera para apartamentos de 1-, 2-, 3-, y 4habitaciones está abierta SOLAMENTE el 16 de diciembre, 2015 desde 8:30 AM a 4:30 PM. Aplican límites de ingresos Para aplicar, por favor recoja un paquete de aplicación en el 941 Webster Street, Palo Alto, CA 94301 de 8:30 a.m. a 4:30 p.m. Las aplicaciones solamente estarán disponibles el 12-16-2015 y se deben completar y recibir en la Oficina de la Gerencia, 941 Webster Street, Palo Alto, CA 94301 antes de las 4:00 p.m. del 7 de enero, 2016. No se aceptarán aplicaciones enviadas por fax o por correo electrónico. No se aceptarán aplicaciones recibidas después de las 4:00 PM del 7 de enero, 2016.


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DECEMBER 04-10,2015

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We analyze the gun violence in the U.S. and how it impacts local community as well as the nation. We are a bilingual newspaper serving the H...

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