CE Testing And Marking Explained In Detail European Consumers might have seen the letters "CE" appear on a wide range of products that are sold in the single marked pertaining to the European Economic Area (EEA). EEA consists of the 27 European Union (EU) countries and the European Free Trade Association countries Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The "CE" mark on products indicates that they are in compliance with the EU's health, safety and environmental requirements. CE marking indicates that the product has been assessed through CE testing before being placed in the EEA market. It doesn't necessarily indicate that the product has been manufactured in the EEA region.
The product manufacturer has the responsibility to carry out thorough CE testing and assessment before placing the product in the EEA market zone. After completing the compliance testing, the EC Declaration of conformity (DoC) has to be obtained. After getting the DoC, the product should be affixed with the CE marking. All products that are sold in the common European market do not necessarily require CE marking. The range of products that require CE certification and marking include devices for medical use, appliances using gas fuels, explosives, refrigerators and freezers, hot water boilers, measuring instruments, automatic weighing equipment, radio and communication equipment and pressure vessels.
CE Testing and Marking Procedure
1. Identification of directive applicable to the product - The first step in the CE certification and marking process is to identify the directive and harmonized standards that are applicable to the product being manufactured. The directives that apply to a particular product contain a set of technical requirements that has to be met by the product.
2. Verification of the product specific requirements - the next step in the CE verification process is to verify whether the product meets the specific requirements relevant to the EU legislation.
3. Identification of the need for independent conformity assessment - the directive that applies to a specific product will contain information whether the product requires CE assessment by an independent third-party certifier, also called the notified body. Not all products require this third-party testing, and certain types of products require third-party testing. This information is given in the product specific directive.
4. Product Conformance testing - the procedure that is usually followed for testing the product is called the Conformity assessment procedure. Risk assessment is one of the sub components of the conformity assessment procedures.
5. Creating the documentation required for performing testing - a technical documentation is usually prepared before starting the actual product conformance testing. This will contain all the relevant test procedures and environment details used for performing the testing. This documentation has to be shown on request by the concerned bodies.
6. Affixing of CE marking -The CE marking is now added by the authorized representative of the manufacturer. The affixing should be carried out in accordance to the set legal guidelines. Once all the conformance related procedures have been completed, the manufacturer affixes the CE marking to the product or to its packaging.
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European Consumers might have seen the letters "CE" appear on a wide range of products that are sold in the single marked pertaining to the...