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Newsletter of The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc.

Roadmarking News www.nzrf.co.nz Edition 139 October 2019

Auckland City embraces Road to Zero Auckland Transport Chief Executive Shane Ellison explains why AT is committed to improving road safety in our region.

a priority. We are aligning ourselves to meet this objective not simply because we are obligated to, but because it is the right thing to do. What is Vision Zero? Vision Zero is based on a principle that human life and health can never be traded for other benefits, such as journey travel times. We have to commit to becoming a Vision Zero organisation that puts safety at the heart of our business, where our transport ecosystem is safe for all users of our roads. Faster journey times will no longer be our predominant success metric.

Auckland is facing a road safety crisis Last year, 64 people died and 749 others were seriously injured due to road trauma. While road trauma statistics were improving between the 1980’s and 2012, the trend is reversing. Last year alone, the rate of deaths and serious injuries rose five times faster than the increase in Auckland’s traffic. To me, this is simply unacceptable. Why is road trauma increasing? Evidence shows we are driving faster, we are more distracted and many of us have stopped wearing seat belts. We are also taking more risks at intersections, running red lights and driving 4km to 8km over speed limits. What we do not realise is that driving over the speed limit by just 4 km automatically corresponds to a 16 per cent increase in deaths.

Vision Zero, also known as the Safe System, is an international road safety movement that started in Sweden more than 20 years ago to eliminate all road deaths. Back then, Sweden had a similar fatality rate to New Zealand today. But they adopted ambitious targets, investing heavily in safety infrastructure and lower speed limits which resulted in almost halving road deaths by 2016. If New Zealand had the same rate of road deaths per head as Sweden today, 255 lives would not have been lost last year.

We have to step up, alongside our road safety partners, and respond to this crisis. The government, in its Government Policy Statement (GPS) on transport has made improving road safety

Across the Atlantic, New York adopted Vision Zero in 2014 and introduced a number of road safety measures, including lowering speeds on most roads to 40km/h. Last year, it recorded the lowest

Published by: The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc. P O Box 13 605 Onehunga Auckland 1643 New Zealand Executive Director: Alister Harlow Phone: +64 9 625 7470 Email: alister@nzrf.co.nz Roadmarking News in published by The NZ Roadmarkers Federation Inc. Opinions expressed in Roadmarking News do not necessarily reflect the views of the NZRF

number of road deaths since officials began keeping statistics in 1910. Change like this does not happen easily or quickly. Vision Zero challenges us to stop accepting road trauma as an inevitable unpleasant fact that must be endured; a price we have to pay for getting around. It requires a paradigm shift in the way we think and operate. The road to zero We have responded quickly to address the crisis on our roads. Last financial year, we invested $3.4 million to address high-risk rural intersections, correct road shapes and install barriers. An additional $700,000 was invested on improving risky rural routes, improving signs, lining and road surfaces. We signalised what were once one of Auckland’s worst intersections at Bullock Track, Great North Road and Tuarangi Road (Western Springs) and Tāmaki Drive –Ngapipi Road (Mission Bay) to improve road safety for everyone. In the last four months, with the support of the AT Board, we have been working with our central government road safety partners and they are embracing the challenge we all have.

Road Safety 2018-28 programme is designed to deliver major, minor and mass action safety engineering projects at high-risk locations across the network. The Government, Auckland Council and proceeds from the Regional Fuel Tax will fund the road safety programme. Last week, AT presented to Auckland Council’s Planning Committee on our road to Vision Zero. We received unanimous support from the councillors who have asked us to accelerate our road safety programme to make Auckland a Vision Zero region. Why aim for zero? Vision Zero is aspirational. International research shows that cities with bold visions backed by ambitious targets have achieved the greatest road safety outcomes. Without a bold vision, we can be captive to traditional thinking and methodologies that lead to only minor improvements in the status quo. Achieving zero deaths and serious injuries is a challenge for all of us. We have to be more innovative and deliver solutions where the safety of all road users is the primary goal. We need to work closely with our partners and communities to face this challenge. A simple driving error, or someone crossing a road while distracted, should not lead to death or serious injury. What is at stake is the happiness and welfare of our friends and whānau, and our fellow Aucklanders.

Work resumes on ATP for ManawatūWhanganui roads

Our partners NZ Police have fully staffed their traffic safety team to bolster enforcement, the Ministry of Transport is exploring making implementation of speed management measures more streamlined, and the New Zealand Transport Agency is working with us to implement trials such as point-to-point speed cameras. One of the most visible activities we have done in collaboration with partners was the Compulsory Breath Testing initiative with the Vodafone Warriors and NZ Police in South Auckland. Looking ahead, I am committed to achieving 60 per cent less deaths and serious injuries by 2028, as an interim target to get us to zero. Our $700 million

Work is underway mid-September to complete installation of rumble strips on four sections of state highway in Manawatū-Whanganui – part of the NZ Transport Agency’s Safety Boost Programme for making rural state highways safer. Over the coming months, the programme will be completing the installation of rumble strips on the following roads: • SH54 between SH3 and Feilding • SH56 between Makerua (SH57) and Palmerston North • SH57 between SH3 and SH56 • SH3 between Palmerston North and Ashhurst

This is a continuation of work begun earlier in the year, but which had to temporarily stop over the colder months. Regional Transport Systems Manager Mark Owen says rumble strips are a simple but effective tool for preventing deaths and serious injuries on New Zealand roads. “They give drivers a wake-up call if they stray across the line, preventing simple mistakes from becoming tragedies.” Rumble strips can reduce fatal run-off-road crashes by up to 42 per cent. “To limit noise for people living along these roads, we don’t install rumble strips close to people’s homes. In these places, textured road markings will be used instead. Textured road markings still give drivers a signal when they cross the line, without making a rumbling sound.” Either rumble strips or textured markings will be installed on approximately 80 kilometres of road across these four sections of highway.

The Safety Boost Programme is part of the Safe Network Programme – a collaborative, prioritised programme of proven safety improvements on high risk routes across New Zealand. More information on the Safety Boost Programme is available on the NZ Transport Agency website at: https://www.nzta.govt.nz/safety/our-vision-ofa-safe-road-system/safety-boost-programme

Work resumes for ATP on Gisborne roads Work is underway mid-September to complete installation of rumble strips on three sections of Gisborne state highway – part of the NZ Transport Agency’s Safety Boost Programme for making rural state highways safer. Over the coming months, the programme will be installing rumble strips on State Highway 2 between Gisborne and Matawai, between Gisborne and Wairoa, as well as on State Highway 35 between Gisborne and Tolaga Bay. This is a continuation of work begun earlier in the year, but which had to temporarily stop over the colder months.

Regional Transport Systems Manager Oliver Postings says rumble strips are a simple but effective tool for preventing deaths and serious injuries on New Zealand roads. Over 400 kilometres of either rumble strips or textured markings are planned to be installed across the three sections of highway.

In addition to rumble strips and textured markings, the Safety Boost Programme has also installed safety barriers and widened road shoulders at highrisk locations on Manawatū-Whanganui state highways.

Rumble strips and textured markings are part of the Safety Boost Programme’s $6 million worth of improvements in the Gisborne region. It has also installed safety barriers and widened road shoulders at high-risk locations on Gisborne state highways.

NZTA Board refreshed and refocused Transport Minister Phil Twyford recently announced the appointment of five new members to the NZ Transport Agency Board. Phil Twyford said they will work under the strong leadership of Chair Sir Brian Roche to deliver the Government’s transformative agenda along with a stronger regulatory focus. “Our Government has rebalanced transport spending to tackle the long-term issues of boosting regional economic growth, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, easing traffic congestion, and preventing deaths and injuries on our roads.” “The new board members bring the right mix of skills to deliver our transformative agenda and refocus the Agency on regulating the land transport system. “ “I anticipate releasing the review of the Transport Agency’s regulatory functions in the coming weeks. I expect the board to implement the direction signalled from that review and to make sure vehicles are safe on the road.”

Victoria Carter brings knowledge of innovative transport modes and approaches, including experience with car sharing. She also has local government experience and experience leading organisational change.

There remain two vacancies on the NZTA Board which will be filled in due course.

Safe and liveable streets to support vibrant communities The NZ Transport Agency has launched a new programme to support councils to try out different ways of making their streets safer and more liveable. The ‘Innovating Streets for People’ programme aims to remove the barriers to street innovations and raise the capability of New Zealand communities to deliver projects aimed at making streets more people-friendly. Kathryn King, Urban Mobility Programme Manager, NZ Transport Agency says innovation is a powerful way to test out street changes that help to support good quality of life.

“We’re getting the Agency back on track after it was failing to regulate under the last government.” “I’d like to thank David Smol for remaining on the Board until the appointments have been made and the outgoing members for their work,” Phil Twyford said. The appointments will start 23 September 2019. The appointments are: • Catherine Taylor who brings deep regulatory expertise, including knowledge of regulatory roles and experience being a regulator. She will also provide risk management expertise and familiarity with the Crown operating environment. • Ken Rintoul whose background in engineering and construction will bring good operational knowledge and practical procurement experience. • Cassandra Crowley brings great strength in financial perfomance and understanding regulation. She will also provide additional strength in risk and assurance to the board. • Patrick Reynolds brings a strong knowledge of the integration of transport into urban development and a well-developed understanding of transport systems.

“The technique of employing fast tactical changes has been proven overseas and has the potential to deliver significant social and environmental benefits in a short time frame. In New York they famously closed Times Square as a pilot and in Bogota every Sunday hundreds of kilometres of streets are open to people to walk, cycle and enjoy. “Innovations can include pop-up, pilot or semipermanent changes that reimagine existing spaces with a focus on people. It could be anything from a one-off event that turns a street into a public space with no cars for a day, to reallocating traffic lanes, or creating a new footpath area from parking spaces and turning it into mini-parks.”

Draft best-practice guidance will be tested over the coming months through live council case studies of street innovation projects to ensure it is effective, before being finalised in 2020. “By testing physical changes to streets with local communities, councils can gain invaluable feedback on what will make their spaces more peoplefriendly before committing to a major investment. This knowledge will be shared so councils can learn from each other.”

• •

As part of the programme, the Transport Agency is reviewing professional codes of practice (such as the Code of practice for temporary traffic management - COPTTM) and other legislation to ensure it supports innovation.

during the 4-6pm evening peak experiencing an average five-minute reduction in journey times Drivers from other directions, including approximately 2330 vehicles travelling northbound on SH1 and 1360 vehicles travelling west onto SH58 between 4-6pm have not been significantly affected – with a negligible increase in journey times The smoother operation of the roundabout has improved safety for all users There has been no noticeable increase in “ratrunning” along local roads to avoid the SH1 lights.

“Government is one of the many partners involved in ‘city-making,’ and we need to work collaboratively to create great places for people to live. The Innovating Streets programme will help to create vibrant neighbourhoods where more people can choose to walk, cycle and use public transport and feel safe and comfortable.”

Metered lights have improved safety and efficiency at Paramata roundabout The introduction of metered lights at the Paremata roundabout has resulted in improved overall journey times and a safer experience without significantly affecting northbound road users, according to data from the NZ Transport Agency. The State Highway 1 (SH1) lights, installed just south of the roundabout, stagger the flow of northbound traffic, and allow southbound and Paremata train station Park & Ride users to safely and easily enter the roundabout during peak periods. While the signals operate between 4pm and 6.15pm weekdays, they are only triggered once southbound or Park & Ride queues reach a certain length. Prior to the installation, lengthy evening delays for southbound traffic were common due to a constant flow of northbound traffic turning right from SH1 towards SH58, which also caused safety concerns for vehicles exiting the Paremata Park & Ride. Since the signals were activated on 1 July, the Transport Agency’s monitoring shows: • Travel times have significantly improved for southbound traffic heading through the roundabout, with approximately 1860 vehicles

Transport Agency Regional Transport Systems Manager Mark Owen says the lack of impact on northbound drivers is because the red light is only triggered roughly half of the time that the lights are operating. “During peak hours, around half of the northbound and westbound traffic doesn’t have to stop at all and the other half of vehicles are only being delayed by up to one minute,” Mr Owen says. “We’ve also had positive feedback from the Paremata Park & Ride users. They now feel much safer and confident exiting the car park, which we’ve also noticed from our real time monitoring.” Because the system is running so well for Park & Ride users, the Transport Agency has extended the operating period to cover the train arriving at 6.15pm when there is high demand to exit onto the roundabout. Porirua City’s Transportation Manager Darrell Statham says the project is a good example of the Transport Agency and the Council listening to local residents and users and working together to find a solution for all parties.

“It’s really pleasing to see what a positive impact the lights are having on the safety of commuters using the roundabout, and in cutting waiting times.” The 72-carpark extension to Paremata Park & Ride by Greater Wellington Regional Council (GWRC) is due to be completed by early November. “The Park and Ride extension, coupled with the lights, will improve the travel experience for both state highway users and Metlink customers. The lights are already making it safer for train users to exit the carpark,” says GWRC Public Transport Committee Chair, Barbara Donaldson. Following completion of the extension, the Transport Agency will continue to monitor performance at the roundabout to ensure maximum efficiency and safety for users.

Government continues to ignore key road safety projects – AA The AA is frustrated that urgent upgrades to some of our most dangerous sections of state highway still won’t progress. NZTA announced on 24th September that $313 million of unused funding from the light rail budget would go towards state highway improvements (most notably, the Manawatu Gorge replacement road), public transport, walking and cycling, road policing, and local road improvements. But there was no funding for any of the 12 state highway projects re-evaluated by NZTA earlier this year.

The re-evaluated projects include urgent safety upgrades on roads like SH2 between Tauranga and Waihi, SH1 from Otaki to Levin, and SH1 from Whangarei to Marsden Point – upgrades that have stalled because of a lack of funding. “These have been identified for decades as our most dangerous roads, but they are still not getting the attention they need,” says AA General Manager of Motoring Affairs Mike Noon.

“The funding re-allocation was an excellent chance to get these projects progressing, but instead now local communities remain in limbo and that doesn’t line up with the Government’s assertions that road safety is its top transport priority." “The safety record on these roads will only get worse as the number of cars and trucks using them goes up”, says Mike. “The longer we leave it to start this work, the more road deaths and serious injuries we’ll see.”

Measuring sleepiness – a challenge for researchers Driver fatigue has been a research area at VTI for several years, and the researchers have studied various aspects such as the working hours of professional drivers, driver behaviour, accident risks, and the design of warning systems. They are now moving forward, attempting to find a way to objectively measure driver fatigue using physiological measurements. “The aim is to gain a better understanding of what happens in the brain when you are sleepy,” says Christer Ahlström, senior researcher at VTI. “If we manage to develop a reliable sleepiness baseline, it can be used as a yardstick when evaluating the effectiveness of various countermeasures; everything from rumble strips in the road and opening the window to the warning systems that are now being introduced in our cars.” The EU has decided that as of 2022, all new cars must be equipped with advanced safety systems, including systems that address attention loss and fatigue. Signals that are difficult to interpret However, it is difficult to measure sleepiness; it is much harder than measuring sleep. Sleep can be measured fairly easily by looking at the electrical activity of the brain using EEG. When we fall asleep, the electrical activity goes from low-amplitude and irregular signals to strong and regular waves. In order to measure tiredness, the transition from awake to sleep, it is not enough to simply interpret the regular brainwaves, but you also need to understand the irregular signals, and this is what the researchers are now attempting to do. “As traffic researchers, we are of course interested in measuring brain activity before you fall asleep, because once a driver is asleep, it is too late. An EEG

of a person who is awake consists of a mixture of different processes taking place simultaneously in the brain, and it is difficult to discern which part of the EEG is the result of a specific process,” says Christer Ahlström.

funding from Vinnova’s Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation programme (FFI).

Making ghost markings disappear Notes assembled following a teleconference with Martin Bolt, Highways England and Kevin Dawson, Roadcare 12th August 2019. Highways England is investing almost £700,000 on research to improve road markings and tackle confusing ‘ghost’ markings. Corporate group leader Martin Bolt explains why.

However, if the researchers repeat a certain event several times, for example by measuring the brain’s response to a blinking light, they can produce an average curve showing the brain’s reaction to the blinking light specifically. This measurement is called an Event Related Potential (ERP), and depending on what the average curve looks like, you can see how well the brain is processing information. Using driver eye movements But if you want to measure the tiredness of a driver, it is not a good idea to use blinking lights as these may disturb the driver. By having 30 test subjects drive a given distance a total of six times, the researchers have instead concluded that regular eye movements can act as a stimulus in ERP measurements. The idea is that each time the driver moves their eyes, the brain is forced to process what the eyes are seeing. Using ERP technology, you can then objectively measure how well the brain is processing this new visual information. When comparing alert and sleepy drivers, the researchers noted that the sleepy brain reacts more slowly and does not process what you see as effectively. The tests have been conducted in VTI’s advanced driving simulators, and the next step will be to see if the method also works in real traffic. “It has not been included in this project, but we are hoping to get funding to continue this research in the future and have test subjects driving in real traffic,” says Christer Ahlström in closing. The project has been conducted in collaboration with Volvo Cars and Mälardalen University, with

Most drivers will be familiar with frustrating ‘ghost’ markings which can cause confusion on sunny days. These are removed or masked lines – white lines painted black – which still appear as faint markings in certain light, making lanes appear unclear. But removing road markings brings its own problems. That is why Highways England has launched a £685,000 research project to make the problems posed by ‘ghost’ road markings disappear. The international competition has seen products from around the world submitted and put to the test – with the road markings subjected to some two million ‘wheel overs’. The results of the research will set a new benchmark standard for the industry and highlight the most effective and safest products to use. Why was the competition launched? As well as ‘ghost’ markings causing confusion for motorists, removing markings can cause damage to the surface with the repairs adding to the overall cost of road schemes and creating additional work. We know ‘ghost’ markings on any roads, not just ours, can be confusing for drivers so we set out to find a solution that makes a real difference not just for road users on our network but across the globe. With new products, improved technology and a greater focus on innovations and more collaborative ways of working, we are asking our supply chain to raise the bar above the standards that we previously set. What is involved? The Transforming Road Markings competition was launched through Highways England’s Innovation Designated Fund, in conjunction with Roadcare and Kier, and received 36 entries from across the globe. The aim was to find the most effective road markings that will also reduce damage to the

surface when the lines are removed. Entries were separated into five material categories: thermoplastics, cold plastics, tapes, water-based paints, as well as ‘others’ – products not specified in the other categories or the use of a combination of them. Applicants were asked to send samples of their product for testing and which has taken place at the Aetec, Madrid accelerated wear tester. 36 materials were marked on an OGPA surface and tested for skid-resistance, contrast and wet and dry retro-reflectivity. They were subjected to two million ‘wheel-overs’ to test the durability of the markings. The winning entries are: Thermoplastics • WJ Roadmarkings (England) • Geveko Roadmarkings (Sweden) • Swarco (Germany) Cold plastics • SWARCO (Germany) • MEON (England) • SWARCO (Germany) Tapes • 3M (England) Others • MEON (England) No water paints product reached the minimum requirements.

existing specification. We were pleased to see some different and innovative approaches. What our partners say Kevin Dawson, managing director of Roadcare, said: “Competitors from across the globe have told us how refreshing and inspiring it has been that Highways England is leading the way in looking for solutions to what is an international issue. It is fully supportive in helping to find a sustainable solution to the road markings challenges.” Scott Cooper, Managing Director of Strategic Highways at Kier, commented; “By working collaboratively with our client and supply chain partners such as WJ, Wilson and Scott, and Roadcare, we have been able to continue to develop and deliver new ideas, products and processes.” “This will help deliver safer roads as scarring and ghosting will disappear. The customer experience through road works will improve as a result of clearer markings and finished schemes will have a cleaner appearance.”

What happens now? The 8 marking systems submitted by the winners have been laid along the M5 in the South West where they will be tested in all weather conditions over the next 12 months. As well as testing the materials, further testing will also be carried out on five removal systems. Markings have also been installed over a Visiline primer system – an invisible coating, which may make removal easier. What impact will this competition have on the industry? We hope the outcome of the competition will be to set a new benchmark standard and give us a greater understanding of the materials and processes we, and the road industry, should be using in future schemes. Once complete, the most successful products will be highlighted in research shared around the world and setting new high standards for the road industry. There was a high standard of entries and many of the products performed to a level above the

Removal alternatives Road markings sometimes lose their function and then it appears difficult to remove them without damaging the road surface. A combination of conventional marking paint and a newly developed plasticizer makes the marking disappear without leaving a trace. Specialist in road marking products Veluvine from Breda; Holland road builder Heijmans and blasting company ROWI from Baak highlight the combination as 'removable road marking'. Road markings are usually milled away or removed from the asphalt with water under super high pressure. Both techniques leave traces on the substrate. Camiel Taminiau from Veluvine says to

offer an alternative with a combination of conventional road paint and a plasticizer. "The paint is based on acrylate with an aromatic and lead-free solvent." When the marking is no longer needed, a plasticizer is sprayed from natural products onto the marking. Veluvine developed it itself under the name Velumove. The agent can be applied airless to the mark. Just as for the paint, the usual equipment is sufficient. "The softened material is processed with warm water under relatively low pressure," says Taminiau, "making it easy to remove." Another system heats the lines before they are removed by blasting a removal jet at an angle rather than straight down. Conventional techniques to remove road markings often do not produce the desired results and cause substantial damage to the road surface. traffic-lines twister represents an alternative that is ideally suited to removing road markings. The traffic-lines twister attacks the relevant area with a highpressure water jet. The environmentally friendly device uses nothing but water. The traffic-lines twister immediately sucks the used water back up together with the removed material using a highly efficient suction action which means that there is no water residue left on the cleaned-up road surface.

Australia uses new technology to catch drivers on phones New South Wales is attempting to persuade people to put down their smartphones while driving by rolling out cameras to prosecute distracted motorists. Roads Minister Andrew Constance said that Australia's most populous state is the first jurisdiction in the world to use such technology to identify drivers distracted by social media, text messages or phone calls. Road safety experts are alarmed at the growing prevalence of accidents involving drivers using smartphones on New South Wales roads. Experts say drivers who illegally use phones increase their chances of an accident four-fold. "There is no doubt drink-driving as far as I'm concerned is on a par with mobile phone use, and that's why we want everyone to be aware that you're going to get busted doing this anytime,

anywhere," Constance told Australian Broadcasting Corp. The government intends to roll out 45 Mobile Phone Detection Cameras across the state by December, he said. In fact, each unit contains two cameras. One camera photographs a car's registration plate and a second high-set lens looks down through the windscreen and can see what drivers are doing with their hands. The units use artificial intelligence to exclude drivers who are not touching their phones. Photos that show suspected illegal behaviour are referred for verification by human eyes before an infringement notice is sent to the vehicle's registered owner along with a $344 AUD fine. Some cameras will be permanently fixed on roadsides and others will be placed on trailers and moved around the state.

A six-month trial of two fixed cameras this year checked 8.5 million vehicles and detected more than 100,000 drivers with their hands-on phones, including one driver who was using a phone and iPad simultaneously. Another driver had a passenger steer while they both held phones, the government said. The government wants to expand the program to 135 million checks a year by 2023. New South Wales has 5.2 million registered vehicles. Government modelling found that the phone detection cameras could prevent 100 fatal and serious injuries over five years. The annual state road toll in New South Wales fell by 35 deaths to 354 last year. Police said more than 16,500 drivers had been fined for illegally using phones so far this year. Drivers are allowed to use phones in hands-free cradles and through Bluetooth. But it is illegal to

touch a phone while driving except to pass it to a passenger. The ban even applies to drivers who are stationary at red lights or stuck in traffic jams. Constance said his government was relaxing the law to allow drivers to legally pay with their phones at restaurant drive-throughs.

Speed limiters will reduce fatalities, says TRL The soon-to-be mandatory speed limiters on vehicles in the European Union will make all other safety features more efficient, according the UKbased Transport Research Laboratory.

However, the speed limiter will not be a governor on speed, according to Thun. “We do not introduce a speed limiter, but an intelligent system that will make drivers fully aware when they are speeding. This will not only make all of us safer, but also help drivers to avoid speeding tickets.” Other mandatory advanced systems to be fitted in all new vehicles will include alcohol interlock installation facilitation, driver drowsiness and attention warning, advanced driver distraction warning, emergency stop signal, reversing detection and an event data recorder – often called a black box. Trucks and buses will have to be designed and built to make vulnerable road users, such as cyclists and pedestrians, more visible to the driver – the socalled direct-vision vehicles design. The vehicles must be equipped with advanced features to reduce to the greatest possible extent the blind spots in front and to the side of the driver. Direct vision technology should be applied to new models as from November 2025 and for existing models from November 2028.

In March the European Parliament passed a law that safety features such as intelligent speed assistance and advanced emergency-braking system must be installed in new vehicles from May 2022. They form part of the EU’s new suite of safety measures. TRL, which provided input for the European Commission regarding the formulation of a range of 17 vehicle safety measures, said that speed limiters, otherwise known as ‘intelligent speed assistance’, will save up to 25,000 lives. Intelligent speed assistance alerts prevent a driver from accelerating above the speed limit. This is crucial to influence driver behaviour and reduce driving speed, says the TRL. “When a vehicle is even marginally speeding it can make the difference between a collision that is avoidable and a serious or fatal collision. Preventing a vehicle from speeding will also increase the effectiveness of all other safety measures in the new European General Safety Regulations.” Róża Thun, a member of the European Parliament and who helped steer the legislation through Parliament, said the focus was always on the safety of road users, especially vulnerable ones. “The additional obligatory equipment for cars, trucks and buses will help to save people’s lives.”

Future road safety solutions The UK’s Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) has proposed a number of solutions that could help boost future road safety. According to Richard Cuerden, TRL’s academy director, future road safety solutions will require innovation rather than repeating past measures. Speaking at the DfT’s International Road Safety Conference, Cuerden discussed why a paradigm shift is needed in the transport sectors approach to road safety interventions to ensure road casualties are reduced significantly by 2030. The number of deaths on the world’s roads remains unacceptably high, with an estimated 1.35 million people dying/year. TRL has a track record of innovation, from developing safer infrastructure, Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) testing, to working with the EU Commission in developing the new General Safety Regulations that require an array of advanced safety measures for new vehicles. Delivering a range of insights to the transport community at the International Road Safety Conference, Cuerden discussed the digital revolution of transport and how the challenges and

opportunities of new innovations must be tackled to ensure the future of road safety. Cuerden spoke to the following insights. The design of smart liveable cities with zero emissions and zero casualties demands more walking, cycling and the use of public transport, rather than the use of private vehicles. Urbanisation presents challenges and opportunities. Good design, removing the need for motor vehicles wherever practicable, could be the most suitable solution. TRL envisages a world in which CAVs, public transport and bike hire schemes will give users multiple transport options between residential, industrial and commercial districts.

making sure that everyone benefits from it: making driver drowsiness and distraction warning systems mandatory for all cars in its new vehicle safety legislation. But this can only be an assistance to drivers. It is crucial that all road users are aware of the high risks of even short spans of inattention. This is why I fully support the 2seconds campaign. To achieve zero road deaths by 2050 in the EU, we need to do everything we can – together.” With the #2seconds campaign, FIA Region, I and our national member clubs are raising awareness on distraction, stressing that even very short lapses of attention can have dramatic and even fatal consequences. If motorists are not trained on new in-vehicle safety technologies proper use, they can also become a source of distraction.

Take a walk on the wild side; a revamp for a famous pedestrian crossing

TRL is building the UK’s flagship testbed for Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) – London’s Smart Mobility Living Lab and working in partnership with TfL to accelerate the real world delivery of new mobility products and services.

One of the world’s most famous road crossings is benefiting from an upgrade, on a key anniversary. The Abbey Road pedestrian crossing in North London is famous as the site of the photo gracing the cover of Abbey Road, the last studio album released by The Beatles, recorded at the nearby EMI studios. The famous cover art shows the four Beatles, Paul, John, George and Ringo, walking across the pedestrian crossing. And on the 50th anniversary of the release of the album, the crossing has now had a makeover.

Driver distraction is a road safety risk Driver distraction is an increasing concern for the road safety sector. According to the FIA Region 2 (Federation Internationale de l’Automobile), a distraction time of just two seconds is sufficient to cause a crash. The FIA’s data suggests that 25% of road crashes are due to distraction, with 25-30% of total driving time spent on distracting activities. Commissioner Bulc, European Commissioner for Transport, recently warned against distraction caused by the use of mobile phone. She said, “Distraction from mobile devices has become one of the top crash factors. Reports show it has even overtaken speed and alcohol as the highest risk factors.” She recognised the value of the 2seconds campaign in raising awareness of the risk of distraction among road users: “Technology can help, and the EU is

In addition, to commemorate the anniversary of the band’s 11th studio album, Wrekin and Thames Water have created a one-off, bespoke manhole cover, which has been installed just a stone’s throw away from EMI’s North London recording studio, with a striking design resembling the iconic LP cover. This one-off Thames Water-specified Wrekin Unite D400 manhole cover is situated just in front of the world-famous zebra crossing and can be seen on the Abbey Road webcam.

1 in 5 Australian Drivers own Dash Cams New research by Allianz Australia has revealed that 1 in 5 (21%) Australian drivers, now own dash cams. From road rage to head-on car crashes, dash cams capture it all. Dash cams are those extra set of invaluable eyes that are undoubtedly growing in popularity across Australian car owners. The most significant detail from the survey is just how rapidly the sales are increasing. More than half of dash cam owners (54%) purchased their car accessory within the past twelve months.

An overwhelming majority (83%) of Australian owner’s indicated the number one reason they purchased a dash cam was for insurance claim purposes, nearly half (49%) purchased the device to report reckless driving, and 44% to re-watch the unusual events that unfold on our roads. This increasing interest from consumers to strengthen their insurance claim safety net matches exclusive internal insights from Allianz, where they have seen a 92% increase in the past two years in the number of customers using dash cam footage as part of their motor insurance claim.

prove who is at fault. Dash cam footage can be used to support a claim if it has recorded how an incident occurred and the responsible party’s details have been provided, in which case you may not have to pay your excess.” Mr Wood said people should consider the following when it comes to the use of dash cams: • Be mindful that while some dash cams have a 360 degree view, some only capture what’s in front of them, so it’s important to position them right in order to get the footage you are after; • Make sure your insurance company can easily receive dash cam footage to support your claim, ie online tools to easily upload large video files; • The onus is still on the customer to obtain third party details in order for an insurer to waive the excess; and • Keep in mind that a dash cam can also capture you doing the wrong thing, so stay safe and mindful on the road.

'Road diet': New York rethinks the monopoly cars have on streets The roadwork notices were tied to trees and signposts on a Friday along one of the world's bestknown streets. The following Monday, crews arrived on Central Park West and began setting up a protected bike lane, which eliminated about 200 parking spaces in a stretch of more than a kilometre.

Yes that’s right, in today’s increasingly recorded society – 4 out of every 5 Australians are happy to sacrifice privacy in the name of safety – proving, even more so, that this trend will continue to grow for years to come. The research was backed up by Allianz data which shows a 92% increase over the past two years in the number of customers using dash cam footage as part of their motor insurance claim. “While still relatively new, we have certainly seen an extraordinary rise in the number of customers using dash cam footage to assist in their insurance claim, The main advantage of having a dash cam when it comes to a car insurance claim is its ability to help

The next day, representatives for a luxury Central Park West condo went to court to block the bike lane, opening another front in the increasingly pitched battle between cyclists and motorists for precious space in the nation's largest city. In a city with gridlocked streets and creaky public transit and where cycling deaths are on the rise, the opposing lines are clear.

Bicycle advocates and city officials want to make the roads more bike friendly — and safer — at a time when the popularity of urban biking is soaring. On the other side are those who accuse the city of becoming ever more hostile toward drivers. Opponents object to "road diets" that narrow traffic lanes to make room for bike lanes or remove traffic lanes altogether. Even actress and television personality Whoopi Goldberg complained about the push to build bike lanes when Mayor Bill de Blasio was a guest on the talk show The View several months ago. New York and other cities are rethinking the monopoly on streets the automobile has long enjoyed. New York is the first American city to adopt a plan for congestion pricing — starting in 2021, motorists will have to pay to drive into the busiest parts of Manhattan — as a way to coax drivers out of their cars.

"The rest is pedestrians on sidewalks, relegated to the margins, and the occasional bike lane," said Marco Conner, the organisation's co-deputy director. "With that, you basically have New Yorkers who expect that a free parking space is almost a right, that you're supposed to have it and that any infringement on that is infringing on your rights." In northern Manhattan last year, the city installed bike lanes along Dyckman Street only to remove them after business owners complained. When de Blasio was asked about it, he said, "It's a very big government, and sometimes things happen that do not reflect my will." He said the removal plan "should have been brought to my desk." After a jump in cycling deaths, the city reversed course and is planning to reinstall the lanes. In other boroughs, bike lanes have been met with open hostility. Other cities that have tried to make room for bikes have also faced a backlash. In car-centric Los Angeles, anger over road diets prompted a recall campaign against a City Council member who supported replacing a traffic lane in each direction with protected bike lanes along an unsafe high-speed corridor. The recall campaign failed.

"It's only a little more than 100 years ago, with the rise of the automobile, that we started to give over to this one mode of transportation," said Tom Wright, the President of the Regional Plan Association, a New York-based urban research and policy group. "What we're seeing now is a counterrevolution" that involves "recognising that streets and sidewalks are part of the public domain." That has turned streets and footpaths into what he called "contested terrain," especially as more people turn to biking to commute. More than 75 per cent of street space in New York is dedicated to moving cars or storing them, in the form of parking spaces, according to Transportation Alternatives, a cycling and pedestrian advocacy group.

Detroit, the city that gave the world the automobile, has 130 kilometres of roads with bike lanes. But Todd Scott, the executive director of the Detroit Greenways Coalition, said there had been pushback from motorists. "What motorists almost always want is another lane so they can go faster," he said. In New York, officials say bike lanes reduce accidents, making roads safer for everyone — drivers, cyclists and pedestrians. But so far this year, 19 bike riders have died in accidents, the latest a 52-year-old man killed by an SUV in Brooklyn, surpassing the total for all of last year. The city recorded 490,000 cycling trips a day in 2017, the most recent year for which an estimate has been released — a 172 per cent increase from 180,000 bike rides a day in 2006. The figure for 2018 will likely surpass 500,000 daily trips. The city has 2,169 kilometres of bike lanes, 547 more than when de Blasio took office in 2014.

Victoria trials Australia-first road safety technology Victoria is trialling an Australia-first technology at one of Melbourne’s high-crash intersections to improve road safety. Victorian Minister for Roads, Roads Safety and the TAC, Jaala Pulford, announced the new connected and automated vehicle technology will be fitted at the intersection of Williamstown Road and Somerville Road in Yarraville. One third of deaths and 44 per cent of serious injuries on Victoria’s roads occur at intersections. This trial will provide insights that can help boost safety at busy, complex intersections. Specialist light detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensors will monitor the intersection and analyse all crashes and near misses. The cutting-edge technology will also provide realtime warnings of potential hazards to vehicles fitted with connected technology. This is the first time LIDAR technology has been used in this way in Australia and will allow Road Safety Victoria to closely analyse crashes and near misses, and how they may have been caused, to make roads safer. The trial is being undertaken by Omni-Aware – a consortium of specialist technology companies including Intelligent Transport Services, Transoptim Consulting and IBIS Computer. The project is funded through the State Government’s $9 million Connected and Automated Vehicle Trial Grants Program.

according to the latest figures from the Department for Transport (DfT), the same as for the previous year. However, there were 1,110 crashes caused by drink driving, an increase from the 1,010 from the previous year. In all, there were 8,600 deaths and serious injuries from road crashes in 2017, a drop from the 9,040 of the previous year but still higher than the average for the 2013-15 period. Bodies such as the road safety charity IAM RoadSmart have called for a package of measures to address this problem. Lowering the drink drive limit for England and Wales to the same level as for Scotland is seen as one option. IAM RoadSMart is also calling for, the fast-tracking of evidential roadside testing machines to release police resources, as well as the introduction of innovative approaches to help drivers with alcohol problems. Rehabilitation courses work and we think all those convicted of drink-driving should be sent on one automatically rather than having to opt in. More use of alcohol interlocks and extra penalties such as vehicle forfeiture, as used in Scotland, could all be part of more joined-up approach to the problem, ultimately leading to fewer needless deaths on our roads.”

New member Crystalite Design Pty Ltd 26-28 Frederick Kelly St South West Rocks, NSW 2431, Australia Contact: Jaco Janse Van Rensburg Email: jaco@crystalite.com.au Phone: 022 604 8853 www.crystalite.com.au

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Ms Pulford said, “A third of road fatalities in Victoria happen at intersections – this trial will give us important insights on how to boost safety at intersections and keep more Victorians safe.

ATSSA Convention and Traffic Expo Ernest N. Morial Convention Centre New Orleans, Louisiana 24th to 28th January 2020 www.atssa.com

“Victoria has always led the way in connected and automated vehicle technology, this is another way we’re making our infrastructure and policies support the uptake of this life-saving technology.”

Intertraffic Amsterdam RIA Amsterdam 21st to 24th April 2020 www.intertraffic.com

Drink driving a concern for the UK

RIAA/NZRF Conference and Exhibition Coffs Harbour, NSW 29th and 30th July 2020 www.riaa.com.au

The rate of road crashes from drink driving remains a serious concern in the UK. In 2017, there were 220 road deaths in the UK attributable to drink driving,

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Newsletter October 2019  

Newsletter October 2019