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Newsletter of The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc.

Roadmarking News www.nzrf.co.nz Edition 125 June 2017

NZTA releases Research Report 615 Maintaining the effectiveness of audio tactile profiled roadmarkings for their full life cycle This research considered maintenance of the audio, tactile and visual effects of ATP roadmarkings including for situations where the road surface was to be resealed while the ATP roadmarkings had remaining effective life. The ATP roadmarkings studied are formed with raised ribs of thermoplastic or two-part reactive coldhardening material laid on a chipseal road surface.

For ‘best practice’, ATP roadmarkings should be included in the Road Asset and Maintenance Management database, and given documentation and condition monitoring just as other assets such as signs or road surfaces are given. Whether considering audio, tactile or visual effects, to be considered ‘effective’ the assessors should agree effects are easily discerned and recognisable, or otherwise considered not effective.

New road-marking symbol for electric vehicle charging stations The newly gazetted NZ Transport Agency approved symbol will help identify parking spaces reserved for EVs charging their batteries. The new charging station road markings will complement existing EV parking signage launched by Transport Minister Simon Bridges in June 2016. The symbol can now be rolled out by road controlling authorities and private operators across the country.

Vince Dravitzki, Opus Research, a members of the report team carries out testing for the NZTA M 7 materials trial

Measurements and observation indicate the audio and tactile effects of the ATP roadmarkings are long-lasting and effectiveness can be retained with resealing ‘in lane’ adjacent to the ATP roadmarkings. Visual effects of ATP roadmarkings need to be considered and maintained separate from the audio and tactile effects. Overall, ATP roadmarkings should be considered an asset and their performance monitored accordingly. The report proposes an approach to monitoring using a subjective rating system. Conclusions and recommendations in the report: 

Visual effects of ATP roadmarkings are largely independent of their audio/tactile effects, so they must be considered separately. If road surface reseal is intended where ATP roadmarkings have effective audio/tactile effects, it is recommended in-lane reseal be considered.

Further information is available here. The gazette notice brings this marking within the Traffic Control Devices Rule (it will be incorporated in the next omnibus). This means that the marking must be installed as set out in the gazette notice. No background colour is necessary, but if the customer insists, any contrasting background colour, other than blue, is acceptable. (Note: blue may be used only for the background colour for parking spaces reserved for disabled people.) The


symbol is specified as being in yellow and the shape as set out in the gazette notice. The colour yellow was selected as it is consistent with other parking regulations – no stopping, bus stops, taxi stands, loading zones etc Failure to install the marking in accordance with the gazette notice would mean that it was unenforceable.

Major road revamp for SH1 between Tauranga and Hamilton

The number of deaths and serious injury crashes on the Cambridge to Piarere corridor is expected to reduce by more than 70 per cent through the improvements. Five people died and 14 were seriously injured in crashes on the route over the five years from 2011 to 2015. Ms McLean said the favoured option would significantly improve safety by ensuring the road has the latest design and eliminating conflict between local traffic and state highway users. The corridor will also improve the travel time, ensure the journey takes the same amount of time every time and improve access to places the community use. Further detailed investigation and reporting now needs to be undertaken before the favoured option - known as E2 in the consultation phase goes to the NZ Transport Agency board. The final decision will be announced later this year.

Transport Minister Simon Bridges announces a major road revamp of SH29 and SH1, with Taupo MP Louise Upston and Hamilton East MP David Bennett. Photo/George Novak A major road revamp has been announced for the stretch of highway between Hamilton and Tauranga, potentially reducing crashes by 70 per cent. Transport Minister Simon Bridges announced the proposed revamp of State Highway 1 between Cambridge and the SH29 turn off at Piarere. The preferred option was to transform the highway into a four-lane expressway for that stretch of road, effectively extending the southern end of the Waikato Expressway.

Mid-year start to safety improvements on Mornington Road to Mosgiel section of the Dunedin Southern Motorway A wide centre line or median barrier will be installed to reduce the risk of head-on crashes and an additional side barrier. High performance road markings will be used to improve visibility at night and in wet conditions.

However, the NZ Transport Agency has stated more analysis and final approval was still needed. Agency regional relationships director Parekawhia McLean said it was important to let people know of the early preference. "We are telling people that a favoured option has emerged because a project of this scope and size affects many people who live, work, do business or travel through that part of the country," Ms McLean said. "A lot of work still needs to be done, like further investigation, but we will be taking people along on this journey with us and keeping them informed along the way."

Work on this NZ Transport Agency project is expected to finish in summer 2017/18. Construction will be planned to ensure minimal disruption. No more than one lane will be affected at any time in each direction, and the Transport Agency will aim to schedule work outside peak traffic in each direction. The Transport Agency’s Southern Region Business Unit Manager Ian Duncan says these improvements will make this busy motorway safer


for all users. It will help reduce the impact of road crashes upon people.

trees and poles. This helps creates a more forgiving road that can help stop simple mistakes becoming fatal crashes.”

“Two people died and 34 were seriously injured on this section of SH1 in the ten years from 2006 and 2015. Most fatal and serious injury crashes on this route are caused by drivers running off the road.” Mr Duncan said nearly 90% of these crashes involved a vehicle hitting a roadside hazard such as a tree, fence or ditch. The safety measures planned on this section of motorway will reduce these types of crashes, and when they do occur, people will be less likely to be killed or seriously injured. The work is part of a nationwide $600 million Safe Road and Roadsides programme the NZ Transport Agency is delivering on behalf of the government. Mr Duncan said the goal is to make many rural routes on the highway network safer over the next six years. It aims to prevent 900 deaths and serious injury crashes nationwide over 10 years through relatively simple measures such as rumble strips, road shoulder widening, safety barriers, better signage and speed limit changes.

Dozens of potentially serious crashes avoided since safety barriers were installed on SH 1 on the Brynderwyn Hills

Flexible road safety barriers 'catch' vehicles that leave the road. When a vehicle hits the wire rope safety barrier the cables flex, slowing the vehicle and pushing it back into its lane. This means the system absorbs impact. “This is the best possible outcome for road users and proof that these barriers are highly effective in preventing deaths and injuries, we’re really pleased to see the benefits of these safety improvements already paying dividends.”

The NZ Transport Agency says flexible road safety barriers have been hit at least 20 times since installation started as part of the Brynderwyns Improvements Project on the north side of the Brynderwyns, Northland in August 2015.

The wire rope barrier installation is part of the Safe System approach to road safety, that while mistakes are inevitable, deaths and serious injuries are not. The Transport Agency is investing in improved roads and roadsides that are increasingly safer for all road users when people make mistakes.

“Each time the barrier has been damaged we know that’s a crash that has been avoided, and someone has either driven or walked away from that incident,” says Brett Gliddon the Transport Agency’s Northland Highway Manager.

The Transport Agency says a final road surface through the construction area will be laid later in the year, to improve the road’s skid resistance and improve its waterproofing to ensure a resilient and long lasting road surface.

The $18m Brynderwyns Improvements Project which is now complete, apart from some final landscaping and final road sealing, has improved safety by widening the current road and shoulders, removing tight corners and installing 14km of safety barriers along the edge of the road and the centre line to separate north and south bound traffic.

NZTA has confirmed the next planning phase for two sections of a rural ring round around Palmerston North

Head-on and run-off-the road crashes account for 75% of crashes on rural state highways. “Flexible safety barriers are designed to stop traffic leaving the road or crossing the centre line and colliding with solid objects such as other vehicles,

“We have recently finished the strategic planning for the overall project, called Accessing Central New Zealand. From this planning, two clear priorities have emerged as needing immediate focus: State Highway 3 Kairanga to Bunnythorpe connection, State Highway 3 Napier Road, from Keith Street to Whakarongo,” says Lisa Rossiter, Acting Director Regional Relationships, NZ Transport Agency.


The goal of Accessing Central New Zealand is to achieve better links between the North East Industrial Zone near Palmerston North Airport, the Kawakawa Rd industrial area near Feilding, the Longburn industrial area and Food HQ at Massey University to the wider highway networks. Grant Smith, Mayor of Palmerston North says “We have been working collaboratively with the Transport Agency to confirm strategic issues, outcomes and benefits for the Accessing Central New Zealand project. The logistics sector and movement of freight through Palmerston North and the Manawatu is much larger than many realise. It is now not only the hub for the lower North Island but also the emerging Central New Zealand node in our country’s intermodal network. Therefore it is a great result to have funding confirmed for the first two phases.”

New cycle road markings for 30 city locations Wellington City Council will mark more roads with bicycle arrows, or ‘sharrows’, in 30 new locations across the city after a trial found they improved safety for everyone. The sharrows will be used at:  approaches to single lane roundabouts  within 30km/h suburban shopping areas Sharrow road markings are used to show where people on bikes should ride to be most visible and avoid hazards like car doors. They also remind drivers to look out for people on bikes and to share the road. Sharrows are already in place on Featherston Street and Victoria Street in the central city and on Taurima Street in Hataitai.

A 2014 trial, carried out in partnership with the NZ Transport Agency, found that more bicycle riders moved position to ‘take the lane’ when sharrows were marked on the road.

Horizons Regional Council Chair and Accelerate25 Lead Team member Bruce Gordon says the rural ring road was identified as an immediate action needed under the Manawatu-Whanganui Economic Action Plan. “We are very pleased to see progress on enabling effective and efficient distribution and transport in key areas of our region. We will continue to work through the planning for the rest of the project, which will have far reaching economic benefits for our communities and beyond,” Mr Gordon says.

“People on bikes must be visible to be safe and sharrows encourage them to ride in a better position on the road, away from the door zone,” says Councillor Sarah Free, Portfolio Leader for Public Transport, Cycling and Walking. “The trial also recorded a reduction in vehicle speeds at many sites. This is important because lower speeds improve safety for everyone.” The trial was held in Wellington, Auckland, Dunedin, Palmerston North and Nelson. Council contractors will be marking the sharrows throughout the city over the next few months. The work will start in Tawa as soon as resurfacing work has been completed. The other locations will follow.


Petone to Melling section of the Wellington to Hutt Valley Walking and Cycling Link The Petone to Melling section of the Wellington to Hutt Valley Walking and Cycling Link (W2HV Link) is one of three that will make up the new path. When the whole project is complete, it will run from near Wellington’s railway station to the Hutt River Trail, and will connect with regional walking and cycling paths.

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varying the overall width of the seawall according to the nature of the coastline widening the reclamation at three locations to allow the railway tracks to be straightened and for future improvements to State Highway 2 rest areas with bike stands, seating, shade, shelter and artwork resilience features to prevent storm damage and protect from future sea level rise a new walking and cycling bridge just north of the Ngauranga interchange to link to the Wellington CBD section a connection with the existing shared path between the Petone interchange and Hutt Road.

“The W2HV Link will be a great asset for residents of both Hutt City and Wellington City. The path will also tie in well with the RiverLink project’s aims to revitalise the Hutt City Centre, improve flood protection and address transport issues,” says Hutt City Mayor Ray Wallace. The Petone to Melling and Ngauranga to Petone sections are being delivered by the NZ Transport Agency. The Wellington CBD to Ngauranga section is being delivered by the Wellington City Council. “A two-way, off-road cycling path that follows the rail corridor will provide a safe route for cyclists and people walking between Petone railway station and the Hutt River Trail. The path is designed to mesh seamlessly with the Ngauranga to Petone section when it is built. Safety features will include lighting, fencing and security cameras,” says Neil Walker, Highway Manager, NZ Transport Agency.

NZTA take a staged approach to $2.2 million safety improvement programme; SH 88 between Maia and Port Chalmers This route has been assessed for road safety improvements as part of the Government’s Safe Roads and Roadsides programme. In the 10 years between 2006 and 2015, 12 people were seriously injured in crashes on this road. Most involved drivers losing control of their vehicle and running off the road.

Key elements of the Petone to Melling section include:  rail underpasses at Petone and Parliament Street (near the Normandale overbridge)  a well-marked route through the Petone railway station car park  a cycle bypass for southbound cyclists at the Dowse interchange  a connection to the existing Hutt River Trail. Since announcing the preferred option of a seaward walking and cycling path in late 2015, additional work has been undertaken on the Ngauranga to Petone section. Key features being investigated include:  a five metre-wide shared path from the Ngauranga interchange to the Petone interchange

The Transport Agency’s Southern Region Business Unit Manager Ian Duncan says the programme detail is still being worked through, but is expected to include fitting roadside safety barriers. These will help prevent vehicles running off the road and potentially ending up in the Otago Harbour. Other safety upgrades are likely to include high performance road markings, used to improve visibility at night and in wet conditions.


“The first stage of the SH88 road safety improvements will focus on the section from Maia to St Leonards, where the Shared Path already provides an alternative route for cyclists and specific, targeted safety improvements on the section of SH88 from St Leonards to Port Chalmers, taking into account cyclist safety. This work is expected to begin later this year,” says Mr Duncan. The second stage of the SH88 project will deliver further safety improvements to the state highway between St Leonards and Port Chalmers. This is expected to coincide with planned work on the final section of the SH 88 Dunedin to Port Chalmers shared walking and cycling path, which is currently in the design phase.

Safety improvements on Gordonton Road; State Highway 1B from Taupiri to Gordonton, completed Side barriers, shoulder widening, wide centrelines and rumble strips are being added in high-risk areas from Taupiri through to the Ballard Rd intersection.

The NZ Transport Agency’s Waikato Highways Manager Karen Boyt says there were nine deaths and 20 serious injuries on the three stretches of the road between 2006 and 2015. “While the volume of traffic south of Ballard Road will reduce once the Huntly and Hamilton sections of the Waikato Expressway are completed, there is still expected to be a significant number of vehicles using the road,” Ms Boyt says. “The most common cause of crashes is from motorists losing control and running off the road. Speed, unforgiving shoulders and the proximity of objects such as trees and power poles add to the risk on the road, along with vehicles crossing the centreline and motorists making incorrect decisions at intersections.” SH1B will be returned to Waikato District Council when the Hamilton section of the expressway opens in 2020. The safety improvements are being added now so the road is fit for purpose at handover, Ms Boyt says.

Auckland street covered in spots

Large oyster pink-coloured spots have been applied on two sections of Shortland St, which runs off Queen St in the heart of the city. Work will get underway towards the end of the year to make the section of the road from Ballard Rd intersection to Taylor Rd (excluding Gordonton village) safer. Side barriers, rumble strips and shoulder widening will be added in high-risk areas, together with high performance road markings to improve visibility at night and in wet conditions. The first section of the project – adding safety improvements to 1.2km of SH1 between Taupiri and the Ngaruawahia section of the Waikato Expressway – was completed in 2012.

The spotty-sections are at intersections with high pedestrian use, at the eastern end of O'Connell St and where Shortland St meets High St and Jean Batten Place.

Engagement with key stakeholder groups is underway and discussions with community representatives starts soon.

Their year-long trial is a first for Auckland following similar international examples and the project budget, which will also include soon painting the

Auckland Design Office general manager Ludo Campbell-Reid said the spots, which he described as the "Shortland St polka dots", are a temporary traffic calming measure installed due to safety concerns raised by the Waitematā Local Board. The Design Office is part of Aucland Council.


spots in a colour "sensitive to the heritage context" of the area, is $25,000. Traffic still has the right of way, but the attention drivers pay to the unexpected pattern serves to slow everyone down and heighten awareness of other street users, Campbell-Reid said. "The aim over time is to change the behaviour of vehicles on Shortland St and deliver a more pedestrian prioritised and safe route between High St and Jean Batten Place, and over Shortland St from O'Connell St." Overall, the project was about turning traditional traffic engineering approaches "on their head". "Just because it is simpler, cheaper and more beautiful and fun doesn't mean its intention or impact is any less serious ... Just small reductions in speed and behaviour can be the difference between life and death for some pedestrians."

Council did not have permission to use controversial road markings highlighted in tragic death Grimsby Telegraph (UK) 4 May 2017. Full article The council did not have permission to use controversial road markings highlighted as a factor in the tragic death of a Cleethorpes mother, it has been revealed. The so-called elephant's feet road markings – sets of dotted lines across the entry and exits of roundabouts – were highlighted at an inquest into the death of Lynne Dring in 2013.

Now, following a Freedom of Information request to the Department of Transport by a concerned resident, it has been revealed that the crossings, which at the time needed authorisation for use on a public highway - and only at junctions with traffic lights - did not have permission.

And, it has also emerged, that some of the crossing markings - removed by the council following a review urged by the coroner at the subsequent inquest - are showing through once again because it appears they weren't removed permanently at the time. The council has confirmed to the Grimsby Telegraph that it cannot find a record of permission being sought or granted by the Department of Transport but is still looking. But, when Grimsby man Michael Boon asked the Department of Transport about the permission, their response was: "The DfT has not issued an authorisation to North East Lincolnshire Council for the use of this road marking." He is concerned at the use of the crossing markings at Toll Bar roundabout, where he says children regularly run across the road in front of him. He said: "The kids are still stepping out into traffic at Toll Bar. I'm surprised there has been no deaths there." The markings, known as WBM 294s, did not appear in the Highway Code and authorisation from the Department of Transport was needed for them to be painted. The rules also stated that they should only be used at junctions controlled by traffic light signals.

Apple ready to test self-driving cars After months of speculation that the company is developing automotive technology, Apple has officially leapt into the war for self-driving cars by obtaining a test permit from California regulators.

The permit allows Apple to begin testing up to three 2015 Lexus SUVs similar to the type that Google uses for its autonomous cars. By obtaining clearance from California's Department of Motor Vehicles, Apple is signaling that it is serious about pushing forward with self-driving technology


despite reports last fall that it was scaling back its ambitions.

Public art makes statement about road deaths

California's DMV disclosed the permit on its website on April 14th, which lists several dozen other companies that are testing self-driving technology. The group includes BMW, Ford, Honda, Nissan, Uber and others.

It was a stark reminder of a year of tragedy; 291 colourful letter boxes, to represent the 2016 death toll on Queensland's roads, lined up in Brisbane's King George Square on Friday.

Like those other companies, Apple's test vehicles will have human drivers behind the wheel when they go out on public roads, according to California regulations.

Drivers, passengers, pedestrians, and cyclists have been asked to make a pledge as part of the nationwide fight against fatalities on the state's roads, which in 2016 claimed the lives of 291 people

Speculation surrounding an Apple automotive project has been bubbling for years, with Apple keeping a tight lid on its plans. The project quickly became something of an open secret among technology-watchers, even if it was never truly clear what Apple was working on. The ambiguity surrounding the effort was reflected in the numerous names that circulated about the project, such as the "Apple Car," "the iCar" and "Project Titan." Some predicted that the company would itself be producing drivable vehicles. Others said Apple was more likely focusing on software that could be used to control a car, or to upgrade a car by injecting it with autonomous capabilities. Some reports suggested Apple's new vehicle could be powered exclusively by battery-electric technology, much like cars produced by Tesla. A 2015 hiring spree at Apple for automotive engineers prompted another wave of rumours. Some of the new hires came from companies such as Ford and Tesla, who are also researching selfdriving technology. But by last October, many in the team had reportedly left or been reassigned as a result of a strategic shift by the company to focus on the software side of self-driving technology. With its permit, Apple is leaping into an increasingly competitive race to build the world's first mainstream self-driving car. On Thursday General Motors announced that it plans to expand its self-driving autos unit with 1,100 additional jobs and a US$14 million (NZ$20m) investment, and in February Ford said that it's investing US$1 billion in an artificial intelligence company called Argo AI. Self-driving technology has the potential to reshape how people work, play and commute; proponents say automating vehicles will help reduce congestion and prevent crashes caused by human error, which according to federal statistics account for 95 per cent of all accidents.

The 291 mailboxes represent the people that were not coming home as a result of dying on the road. Photo: Bridget Murphy Young adults made up the largest portion of those deaths, with 19 per cent aged between 18-25 years. Fatality Free Friday highlights the call for not only road users, but passengers who fail to speak out against illegal actions. Australian Road Safety Foundation chief executive Russell White said recent studies showed more than half of Queenslanders did not ask friends or family members who speed to slow down, with many believing it is simply not there place. "That's what Fatality Free Friday is all about, people saying enough is enough and committing to do their part to reduce the number of people killed in road accidents," he said. "Every decision made on or around the road can be the difference between life and death." The study also revealed that 44 per cent of Queensland passengers travelling in taxis, Uber or buses would not ask their drivers to put away their phones.


"We need to create not only awareness, but a culture around recognising bad behaviour behind the wheel, instead of simply shuffling the responsibility onto others," Mr White said.

The fines issued for mobile phone use over the past three financial years included 107,964 for using a hand-held mobile phone while driving, which incurs a $466 fine and four demerit points.

Friday remained one of the deadliest days of the week on the state's roads; of the 53 Fridays in 2016, only two were fatality free.

A further 5015 fines were issued to learner and probationary drivers caught using a mobile phone. It is illegal in Victoria for younger drivers to use even a hands-free mobile phone while driving.

More than 110,000 fines issued to motorists using a mobile phone in three years Risk-taking motorists have been hit with almost 113,000 fines for using a mobile phone while driving in Victoria, Australia in the past three years, clocking up more than $40 million in fines. But senior police warn the number of fines issued is indicative of a larger, dangerous and sometimes fatal problem.

Mr Fryer said the style of offending had changed in recent years with many motorists now using social media or texting while driving. "Whilst people were offending a couple of years ago by holding the phone to their ear, at least they were still looking straight ahead. Now the style of offending has changed, they're looking in their lap, they're not even having any of their eyes on the road. So it is far more dangerous now than it's ever been," said Mr Fryer, Victoria Police Assistant Commissioner for road policing command. He said it was "acceptable" for full-licence holders to use a hands-free, Bluetooth-enabled mobile phone Bluetooth while driving. "We're encouraging everyone to put the phone out of reach, out of sight, out of mind. It will still ring and you can pick it up on Bluetooth. But we don't want people touching their phone because it is having fatal consequences," he said.

"Whilst this is significant enforcement, to me, unfortunately, I think it's a drop in the ocean of what's actually going on there. You, me and your readers, see this every single day," said Victoria's top traffic cop, Doug Fryer.

Joe Calafiore, CEO of the TAC, said using a mobile phone while driving increased a motorist's risk of "crashing, being injured or worse. Unless you are totally focused on driving, you're not in a position to respond when something unexpected happens. If you look down at your phone for two seconds while driving at 100km/h, you will travel more than 55 metres blind."

And he warned that society's "thirst for connectivity is killing people", as motorists distracted by mobile phones contributed to the road toll. "We know that mobile phones were involved in fatalities last year, and already this year we have a number of cases where we know that mobile phone use has been partially responsible for road deaths," he said.

Road Safety Minister Luke Donnellan expressed frustration that motorists "continue to put their lives and the lives of others at risk. We want everyone to stop using their phones when driving, getting home safe is more important than a text message. "You are four times more likely to have a serious crash resulting in hospitalisation if you drive and use your mobile."

Police were in discussion with State Coroner Sara Hinchey about examining the relationship between road deaths and mobile phone use.

Kristie Young, research fellow at the Monash University Accident Research Centre, said using a mobile phone while driving was "very dangerous".

Sixty per cent of Victorian motorists in a recent survey said they use their mobile phone while driving, Mr Fryer said.

Talking on a mobile phone increased a motorist's reaction time by about 50 per cent. "And when

Motorists on their phones while driving in Melbourne's CBD. Photo: Jason South


drivers are texting their reaction time doubles," she said. "We find that drivers, when they're talking on a phone, they tend to stare straight ahead. So it affects their scanning, they don't scan the periphery for hazards and that means that they either miss the hazard or they react to them quite late," she said.

'Wombat crossings' reduce pedestrian casualties by 63 per cent, says new study Wide, flat and elevated pedestrian crossings – wombat crossings – cut road deaths and serious injuries by as much as 63 per cent on urban roads, new research has found. Similar platforms used mid-block and at intersections halved the casualty rate, found the review of 50 elevated crossings published last week in the Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety.

injuries, six casualty crashes, four crashes involving right-turning traffic being struck by through traffic and four moderate-injury crashes. It was designed to slow traffic to 50km/h before a new set of traffic lights, and early results suggested it did so. The investment could save money over time. Victoria's Transport Accident Commission estimated the lifetime cost of a severe acquired brain injury claim was $2,253,000 in 2015, while the average estimated lifetime cost of a quadriplegia claim was $2,634,600. The new research says results varied according to the height and length of platform, the type of road and its function. They studied 50 sites in NSW, Queensland and Victoria, where traffic ranged from 2000 to 10,000 cars a day. "The reductions in casualties supported the need for more on-road trials, which could be used to support the widespread use of raised platforms to reduce deaths on Australian roads," the review concluded. "Although we know that they are used extensively on arterial roads in Europe, the approach of using them on arterial roads is quite new here."

Canberrans get their say on making the city's roads safer A wombat crossing on Sydney's north shore. The traffic calming devices didn't always slow traffic to the pace of a dawdling wombat, but researchers estimated most drivers slowed by 5km/h to 8km/h. Every 1km/h increase in speed above 40km/h increases the likelihood of a pedestrian being injured by 4 to 5 per cent, says the World Health Organisation. A pedestrian has a less than 50 per cent chance of surviving an impact with a car travelling at 45km/h, and virtually no chance of surviving a crash with a car going 80km/h. Road safety experts are monitoring the results of the first trial of an elevated platform on a Victorian arterial highway that carries 20,000 cars a day. The platform is at the dangerous intersection of Surf Coast Highway and Kidman Avenue, which, over four years, has been the site of three serious

The ACT government is calling on Canberrans with ideas on improving the city's roads to apply for the latest ACT Road Safety Fund grant program. Funding is available for a range of activities including road safety programs and rehabilitation services, road safety education and public awareness campaigns. Individuals, community or private organisations, schools or universities can apply. the ACT Road Safety Fund Advisory Board welcomes applications with a particular focus on improving the safety of vulnerable road users, speed management, impaired driving and incentive-based schemes for improving road safety. The road safety grants program is funded by a $2.50 levy charged on all ACT motor vehicle registrations. Applications close June 19 and can be made at www.justice.act.gov.au.


Every third driver is speeding, fixed cameras south of Perth show The results of WA's first point-to-point speed camera trial have shown one in every three drivers are speeding while travelling through the 26 kilometre stretch of road. The cameras were installed in October along Forrest Highway - Perth's gateway to the South West - in technology that allows two cameras to track a driver's average speed over a 110 kilometre-an-hour stretch of road. Australian Road Research Board member Paul Roberts said the cameras were having an impact on drivers, with around five per cent, or 25,000 people, reducing their speeds when travelling through the zone during the six-month trial. "I think the really critical finding here is that there has been between five to six per cent reduction in the number of people speeding... that's a hard result because... we measured speed before the zone, in the zone and after the zone," he said. "It's a reduction within that zone definitely attributable to the speed cameras."

The trial found 90 per cent of those speeding were exceeding the limit by between one and nine kilometres, while around 10 per cent were exceeding 120 kilometres an hour. The cameras, which also operate as fixed speed cameras, can ping a driver at the beginning of the zone, the end, or by calculating their average speed through the zone. The trial found 90 per cent of those speeding were exceeding the limit by between one and nine kilometres, while around 10 per cent were exceeding 120 kilometres an hour. If a driver is speeding at each occasion, they will only receive one fine for the worst offence.

The success in the reduction of people speeding has led Road Safety Commissioner Kim Papalia to say he will put forward a proposal to have the point-to-point cameras expanded into other regional areas. "It appears to be very effective in terms of influencing behaviour," he said. "We'll be putting forward a proposal to look at options across the state, it appears to be particularly pertinent to regional locations and the risk we experience which is four times that of the regional area." The 26 kilometre stretch where the cameras have been installed has had 11 serious or fatal crashes in the area in a three year period examined by the Road Safety Commission when it was deciding the location of WA's first point-to-point cameras.

Netherlands road safety problem as casualties rise Serious issues have been realised in the Netherlands, with an increase in the rate of road casualties. There were 629 road deaths in the Netherlands in 2016, eight more than in 2015. Meanwhile 2015 had seen an increase of 51 road deaths over 2014. The issue is of concern as these two years were the first since 1996 when road deaths had not dropped. The road safety standards in the Netherlands are amongst the best in Europe, and the entire world. However there is concern that in the Netherlands, as in many countries, the issue of driver distraction from the use of cellphones at the wheel could be causing an increase in crashes. Increases in speed limits are also thought to be a factor. The Netherlands Government is keen to continue with the reduction in road deaths. The aim is to reduce the annual toll to 500 by 2020. Of those killed in 2016, 231 were car occupants, 189 were cyclists, 38 were on scooters, 51 were pedestrians and 45 were motorcycle riders.

Illinois smart highway and widening project planned The US state of Illinois is setting out plans for a US$4 billion project to widen the central Tri-State route. The project is being planned by Illinois Tollway and has received approval from an Illinois Tollway committee. The work would see the route being widened between Chicago’s 95th Street to Balmoral Avenue in Rosemont. The upgraded


stretch of highway will feature SmartRoad technology. This will deliver real time traffic data in real time to drivers. The sophisticated technology will also allow Illinois Tollway to determine how best to manage the system of flex lanes so as to minimise congestion and maximise capacity. This 35km section of the route carries heavy traffic, up to 155,000 vehicles/day, and suffers congestion at peak periods. The work would add an extra lane in either direction, with the flex lanes on the hard shoulders able to be used by buses or emergency vehicles.

The T 8 and T 12 applicator testing programme is a key component of industry self regulation. There is a .pdf version of the applicator certificates associated with each registration line.

AAA urges Trump Administration to focus on deteriorating roadways Key roadway improvements have the potential to save 63,700 lives and prevent 353,560 serious injuries in the US over a 20-year period, according to a new report from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. With the US ranked nearly last among high-income nations in annual traffic fatalities, which continue to rise, AAA urges the Trump Administration to make repairing and maintaining America's roadways a top priority. With an investment of US$146 billion, the report recommends six cost-effective roadway improvements which it says have the greatest potential to reduce both the likelihood and consequences of crashes. These include converting key intersections into roundabouts; installing roadside barriers and clearing roadside objects; and adding sidewalks and signalised pedestrian crossing on majority of roads. Other measures include installation of median barriers on divided highways, shoulder and centre-line rumble strips and paving and widening shoulders. The AAA claims current investments in highway infrastructure improvements in the US are substantially lower than what is necessary to fix the nation's aging roads and bridges. While it says the US$146B investment outlined in the report will have a significant national-level impact, it also claims increased investment is required at all levels of government to prevent an infrastructure crisis.

These can be accessed via a hyperlink off the certificate registration number. The certificates include a photograph of the applicator. T 12 certificates include schedules setting out the scope of certification.

Upcoming Events 2017 NZRF/RIAA Conference and Exhibition Distinction Hotel, Hamilton 23rd and 24th August 2017 www.nzrf.co.nz NZTA/NZIHT Symposium 6th - 8th November 2017 Trinity Wharf, Tauranga www.nziht.co.nz


Newsletter June 2017  
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