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Newsletter of The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc.

Roadmarking News www.nzrf.co.nz Edition 141 February 2020

Government announces road safety package, with $1 billion earmarked for safety improvements Government will boost road safety investment by 25 percent, spending roughly $1 billion on road safety improvements each year over the next decade. The Government unveiled its final road safety strategy, Road to Zero by Associate Transport Minister Julie Anne Genter on 19th December 2019. The strategy aims to reduce deaths and serious injuries on our roads by 40 percent over the next 10 years.

away from state highway building to increase funding for improvements of local roads. The Government argued that its strategy would make more sections of road safer, rather than funnelling the state highway budget into short sections of high value state highway. National's discussion document on land transport suggests the party wants to pivot back to this strategy, with more spending on highways. "The best thing the government could do is invest in high quality expressway standard roads," transport spokesman Chris Bishop said. “Nationals RoNS are the safest roads in the country and the government should be investing in all the roads they've cancelled. “ Genter defended her choice to boost spending on road safety improvements. "There's just no question that under National our road toll got a lot worse at a time other countries were reducing theirs," Genter said. "They redirected a lot of money from road safety to a few motorway projects," she said.

"Meeting this target would save 750 lives and prevent 5600 serious injuries on New Zealand roads over the next decade," Genter said. The increased investment will support new technology like drug testing equipment for police, 1000 kilometres of new median crash barriers, 1700 kilometres of other safety improvements like crash barriers and rumble strips, and 1500 intersection upgrades. The plan had been out for consultation this year. It gives a glimpse into the Government's next threeyear land transport General Policy Statement (GPS) on land transport, which sets out what it would like to spend on land transport. The next GPS is due in 2021, and will include this increased road safety allocation. The National Party has argued against the current GPS's funding allocations, which shifted money

Motorists urged to be considerate to stopgo operators Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency’s largest programme of state highway repairs and renewals is underway this summer, which means stop/go operators are a common sight. They’re on the roadside all day, in all weather, in their hi-visibility gear, directing the flow of traffic with a stop/go sign, a walkie talkie and a smile. Transport Agency Wellington Regional Transport Systems Manager Mark Owen says it can be a dangerous job. “A few road cones and a stop/go sign do not protect our workers from a speeding vehicle. We’re asking all motorists to please slow down when passing through our work sites and stick to the temporary speed limits.

Published by: The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc. P O Box 13 605 Onehunga Auckland 1643 New Zealand Executive Director: Alister Harlow, Phone: +64 9 625 7470, Email: alister@nzrf.co.nz Roadmarking News in published by The NZ Roadmarkers Federation Inc. Opinions expressed in Roadmarking News do not necessarily reflect the views of the NZRF

“It’s always concerning to us whenever we hear that stop/go operators have nearly been hit by vehicles passing too close or speeding through the work site.

Transport Agency Acting Director Regional Relationships, Ross I’Anson, says the project is an exciting milestone for Rotorua and is key to helping support the district’s growth.

“This sort of driving behaviour is unacceptable because it puts everyone at risk – not just the stop/go operator, but also road worker crew members and other road users.

“Stage 1 of the Eastern Corridor project will improve safety and access and increase opportunities for cycling and other modes of transport on State Highway 30/Te Ngae Road, from Sala Street to Iles Road.

“Our workers go to work each day expecting to go home safely at the end of it, just like everyone else. Safety is our top priority, but there’s only so much we can do to keep people safe – motorists also need to take responsibility and consider the safety of road workers.”

“Once complete, we expect travelling through this section of SH30 will be safer, and more accessible for local people and visitors alike.” Mayor of Rotorua, Hon Steve Chadwick, says “improving our eastern roading corridor is crucial for Rotorua so after a number of years of hard work alongside the Transport Agency, it’s very pleasing that construction of the stage from Sala Street to Iles Road, is about to get underway.

Mr Owen says the point of a stop/go operation is to try to keep traffic flowing, alternating for each direction, when the state highway is reduced to one lane. “We try to keep delays to a minimum but sometimes traffic builds up. We understand that this can be frustrating for motorists and our stop/go workers do their best to get people on their way as quickly as possible, but the most important thing is for everyone to get to their destination safely. “If you are stopped by a stop/go operator, use the time to pause and relax, have a stretch or wind down the windows for some fresh air. You’ll soon be on your way again.”

Construction of $17 million Rotorua roading project starts February 2020 Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency recently announced work will begin work on the Eastern Corridor Stage 1 on 18th February 2020. The project is part of the $24 million programme, Connect Rotorua, to transform Rotorua’s central and eastern corridors in partnership with Rotorua Lakes Council.

“This will help to alleviate current pressures and will help to support growth in a part of our city where development of new housing areas is underway.” The project will involve the upgrade of the Tarawera roundabout to a signalised intersection, operated by traffic lights, as well as improvements to the SH30/Sala Street intersection. It also includes four-laning a section of the highway between Allen Mills and Iles roads, 3.5km of new shared paths, undergrounding the overhead powerlines, and installing new watermains on behalf of Council. Construction will be completed in stages – with final completion expected in late 2021. The Eastern Corridor Stage 2 looks at the section of SH30 from Iles Road to Rotorua Airport. The Transport Agency will revisit the Stage 2 project in early 2020 with the aim of completing the detailed business case.

Contract awarded to improve transport options for SH20B Auckland airport Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency has announced the award of a contract for improvements in the State Highway 20B corridor to the airport, with construction to start in 2020.

The SH20B Early Improvements project is the first stage of a wider programme of transport improvements in southwest Auckland, called 20Connect. 20Connect will improve journey reliability along SH20, 20A and 20B and provide more choice when travelling around southwest Auckland, including to and from the airport. The improvements will enhance the public transport system, cater for freight and cyclists and improve access to growth areas. It's part of the wider Southwest Gateway programme of work by the NZ Transport Agency, Auckland Transport and Auckland Airport.

The $70 million SH20B Early Improvements project will provide additional bus and high occupancy vehicle lanes and new walking and cycling facilities between Pukaki Creek Bridge and SH20. The new lanes will support a new bus service every ten minutes between the airport, Puhinui Station and Manukau. Work to upgrade the Puhinui rail and bus interchange is already underway in a separate project led by Auckland Transport. SH20B is one of two primary access routes to Auckland International Airport with more than 30,000 vehicles per day. The new SH20B lanes are expected to open in 2021. NZTA Senior Manager Project Delivery, Andrew Thackwray says the construction contract has been awarded to Fulton Hogan.

Auckland Airport Chief Executive, Adrian Littlewood, says the faster, easier connection to the airport will benefit not only travellers but the 20,000 staff who work in and around the airport every day. The Southwest Gateway programme will provide transport choice and reliability for how people and freight travel around the south and east Auckland, including to and from the airport. The programme aims to provide better public transport, walking and cycling facilities and safer more efficient freight movements.

Highly anticipated shared path confirmed for Central Hawkes Bay Walking and cycling in Central Hawke’s Bay will soon be easier, with construction work on a shared pathway for cyclists and walkers between Waipawa and Waipukurau expected to start mid-2020.

“The priority lanes will integrate with improved transport facilities within the airport precinct, along Puhinui Road and at the upgraded Puhinui Station interchange to provide people with more reliable and timely travel choices to and from the wider airport area.” “Other improvements include median barriers and improved lighting on SH20B to improve safety for all road users, along with improved facilities for walking and cycling.” There will be two new intersections - at Campana Road to provide for future development of the area, and at Manukau Memorial Gardens to improve safety.

Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency has confirmed that the project is heading into its’ final design stage, with all the land for the pathway now purchased in preparation.

Approximately 4.2 kilometres of new path will be built on the eastern side of Taipairu Road and State Highway 2, supporting other ongoing safety improvements the Transport Agency is delivering between Pakipaki and Waipukurau.

Auckland's Rescue Management.




Transport Agency Senior Project Manager Rob Partridge says, “Connection between the two townships is important and this opens up a safe separated connection for cyclists, mobility scooters and pedestrians. “Partnering with local communities to achieve common goals produces excellent outcomes for everyone. While we are strongly focused on safety, we also have a responsibility to encourage people to think about using different ways of getting around without driving a car. A shared path between the two main centres of Central Hawke’s Bay is a great way to do this,” Mr Partridge says. Alex Walker, Mayor of Central Hawke’s Bay District Council, says the shared path will be a welcome addition to the network of walking and cycling paths through the vibrant Central Hawke’s Bay District. “We are thrilled to see progress on these plans to better connect Waipukurau and Waipawa. To provide safe access between the two towns for youth, in particular, but also for mobility scooters, cyclists, runners and walkers, will be an incredible addition to our drive to be as strong and connected as we can be as a community.”

Vodafone NZ first with 5G mobile - and NZ Police partner with 5G drone Vodafone NZ early December 2019 switched on its 5G service at 100 sites in parts of Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Queenstown - making it the first of the three big phone companies to offer the faster new technology to its mobile users. And he's getting backing from those in the motor industry. The carrier also has 20 5G "cows" (cell sites on wheels) that will be deployed to holiday hotspots and events over the summer. To address the "who needs it now?" question, a launch event in Wellington saw Vodafone reiterate that it has secured several blue-chip early customers who are sold on 5G's extra bandwidth, lower latency (or lag), and superior security and ability to deliver a focused signal: NZ Police, BNZ,

Police chief information officer Rob Cochrane showed off a 5G-enabled drone that can take 4K (or ultra high definition) quality video and feed it back instantly to an officer on the ground. "5G technology will really help us keep New Zealanders safe. While drone footage over a 4G connection is useful, with a 5G network connection the quality improves dramatically meaning we can scan the environment allowing a faster response to keep the community safe," Cochrane said.

Rob Cochrane sees Vodafone 5G-enables drones tethered to police cars to get around battery life issues. Heat mapping and other uses will make the drones a cheap alternative to police helicopters

AA welcomes safer variable speed limits for schools Most drivers will be on board with the Government’s plans to reduce speed limits around schools, says the Automobile Association. AA Principal Advisor – Regulations Mark Stockdale says the AA has long supported flashing variable speed limit signs at all urban schools.

schools on busy arterial roads to make it clear to motorists that they are entering a school zone. “This change will be rolled out over 10 years so there is time to get it right and have a uniformly consistent approach across the country. The AA looks forward to details on the additional funding that will be needed to help councils install these new signs and undertake other engineering works,” Mr Stockdale said.

'Lost decade' of road safety means 500 have died unnecessarily Julie Power, Sydney Morning Herald At least 500 people have died in "preventable deaths" on Australian roads because of federal and state governments' failure to cut fatalities by 30 percent in the decade to 2020, road safety expert and trauma surgeon John Crozier has said. By the end of Christmas Day 2019 in NSW, six people had died, 432 crashes had occurred over the previous six days and police had issued 8000 speed infringements.

“We support variable lower speed limits at the busiest times when children are present – at the start of school or the end of the school day. Motorists understand the need to slow down when children are present as children can be unpredictable. Lower temporary speeds at those times will help improve the safety of children, and flashing variable signs will help to clearly advertise the lower speed to drivers.”

Speed is the leading contributor in 40 per cent of fatalities and serious injuries. Nationally, about 1200 people die on the roads each year and 50,000 are seriously injured. Road safety experts are calling for more to be done to reduce speed limits, particularly in areas with vulnerable road users; and adapt speeds to suit the quality of the road and protect drivers and passengers from inevitable human errors.

“The AA surveyed our Members about this a few years ago, and 97% supported the use of flashing variable signs at the times of the day when children are likely to be crossing the road,” Mr Stockdale said. Ninety-four percent of AA Members also supported a lower variable speed limit around urban schools – with support for either 30km/h or 40km/h. “For rural schools, a 60km/h limit will be a big speed reduction for drivers travelling at open road speeds, so it is essential that the variable limits are clearly signposted with flashing signs on all approaches to the school. To get good compliance, it will need to be absolutely clear to drivers when a lower speed limit is in force,” Mr Stockdale added. The AA also wants to see additional engineering treatments on the approach to rural schools and

If wire rope barriers had been installed at the time that Jessica Falkholt and her immediate family died on Boxing Day 2017, they may have survived, said road safety expert Professor Raphael Grzebieta, an honorary professor at University of NSW. "We've got to have a system which will save people from such errors, horrible driver errors," said Professor Grzebieta.

It is too soon to know the details of the young man's death on Christmas morning, but experts say a highspeed crash into a tree is "almost unsurvivable". Roadside rope barriers and fences reduce the risk of injury or death in a crash at high speed to just 15 percent. Pedestrians are the most vulnerable to injury, with the risk of a fatality five per cent if hit by a vehicle travelling at 28 km/h. This rises to 10 percent at 36 km/h, 50 percent at 57 km/h, increasing to 90 percent at 78 km/h, research by University of NSW's Professor Jake Olivier found.

Dr Crozier said this week that without having a "sequestered" annual fund of $3 billion to spend making our roads safer, the country would "spend 10 times that on deaths and injuries in the next decade". Dr Crozier said his review had shown that in recent years the national road safety plan had only reduced road deaths by 10 to 15 per cent, which meant at least 500 – using a conservative estimate – had died who otherwise would be alive.

“Even an impact speed of as low as around 30 km/h is equivalent to what you would experience if you fell off the roof of your house," said Professor Olivier. The past 10 years had been a "lost decade as far as road safety is concerned", the new president of the Australasian College of Road Safety, Martin Small, said on Thursday. "We have been going in the wrong direction," he said. "And the more we know about catastrophic and serious injuries, the worse it gets. "It is fair to say there is a frustration about the rate of pace of change.'' To reduce fatalities, Mr Small said speed limits needed to match the safety of the road and its users. He also wants to see the government introduce new technologies, such as speed-limiting devices and advanced emergency-braking systems. The European Parliament voted this year to make a range of new technology mandatory in new vehicles from May 2022. This included intelligent speed assistance; alcohol interlock installation facilitation; driver drowsiness and attention warning; advanced driver distraction warning; emergency stop signal; reversing detection; and event data recorder (“black box”). Road safety experts have been frustrated by delays since Dr Crozier, chair of the National Trauma Committee, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and Adelaide University's director of the Centre for Automotive Safety Research, Professor Jeremy Woolley, delivered a damming report on the federal government's road safety plan 2011-2020 nearly 18 months ago. The report recommended that at least $3 billion in new and additional funding be spent on a new road safety fund.

In a letter to road safety experts, the Transport and Infrastructure Council (which represents federal, state and local governments) said it agreed in principle to provide the $3 billion in funding, but said discussions were ongoing. It said most of the 12 recommendations of the Crozier/Woolley report had been agreed, many only in principle. Only two recommendations were completed. They were the report's recommendation to establish an office of road safety and appoint a Cabinet minister with responsibility (that is, the Deputy Prime Minister Michael McCormack) and create a minister for road safety (Scott Buchholz was appointed as assistant minister). Federal and state governments have also agreed to set a vision zero target - of no fatalities - by 2050 for all major capital city central business districts and vision zero for highways by 2030. Road safety experts are also arguing for more ambitious targets to reduce serious injuries.

Glass breakthrough for Ammann in Australia An Ammann ABP High Recycling Technology (HRT) asphalt mixing plant is a key part of an Australian recycled glass-for-asphalt scheme.

Alex Fraser Group’ state-of-the-art glass recycling plant in the state of Victoria is processing glass waste and turning it into high-quality sand. The product is then used by the adjacent Ammann ABP HRT plant to produce asphalt. In addition to supplying the Ammann plant, the recycling facility provides road base, aggregates and sand for road and rail projects. The plant can recycle up to 4 million bottles and produce up to 800 tonnes of high-specification sand each day. According to the company, the source materials come from “problematic” glass waste streams that were previously stockpiled or landfilled. “Our new glass recycling plant is capable of producing 200,000 tonnes of recycled glass sand every year – equivalent to a billion bottles, effectively putting an end to glass waste stockpiles and landfill in Victoria,” said Peter Murphy, managing director for Alex Fraser.

“The Ammann plant complements the other aspects of the Alex Fraser business,” said Paul Vandersluis, managing director of Ammann Australia. “Not only is the Ammann plant equipped with technology for today, but it can also accommodate future introductions of other types of recyclable materials – be filler, binder or aggregate substitutes. “This energy-efficient plant is capable of producing high-quality asphalt mixes, made almost entirely of recycled materials,” Murphy said Ammann Australia’s greenest asphalt mixes, such as Glassphalt, which includes recycled glass, and PolyPave, which includes recycled plastics, are being produced in Victoria state to supply a multitude of projects. The large quantities of problem glass waste - known as CSP – are being taken to landfill at high cost. Made up of fine particles of glass co-mingled with other waste, including paper, plastics, metals and organics, this waste stream cannot be traditionally recycled back into the production of bottles or jars. Murphy said the company combined years of recycling experience with the latest technology from around the world to design this innovative glass recycling plant. The new set-up uses a range of technologies to produce high-quality construction sand from the waste materials. “Our new glass recycling plant separates the glass from the impurities and processes it into recycled sand, which complies with VicRoads specifications,” said Murphy. “It directly replaces quarried sand and reduces the need for trucking virgin sand long distances into Melbourne which means fewer heavy vehicle movements on congested roads. “The use of this material will have significant commercial and environmental savings, including the reduction of glass as landfill, vehicle movements and the carbon footprint of new projects, by up to 65 percent.”

The Ammann ABP HRT asphalt plant is designed to incorporate recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and other recyclable products as the main stream materials that can produce more than 500,000tonnes of asphalt annually. It includes Ammann’s proprietary as1 EcoView control system software which monitors energy consumption and emissions, a foaming system for warm-mix capability and hot asphalt storage up to 72 hours.

How smart data could help authorities tackle road safety


Smart data could help city authorities get onto the front foot in terms of reducing the numbers of people killed or seriously injured on the road. A project by Ford in 2018 tracked the driving records of 160 Transit vans in London, and crossreferenced them with historic accident data.

Analysis of the data provided insights into five principal categories: road safety hotspots; car journeys that would be quicker by alternative modes of transport; the potential benefits of traffic retiming; the location of electric vehicle charge points; and traffic performance (assessed by comparing speed limits with actual speeds).

Accident hotspots By comparing crash hotspots with evidence of ‘near misses’ (incidents of harsh braking), Ford was able to identify roads and junctions more likely to witness future crashes. “We are now working with a civil engineering partner to do a study at these locations to make sure we really have found something that traditional civil engineering would say ‘yes, you have found something that is potentially risky’,” says Jon Scott, Ford’s project lead, EU City Data Solutions.

“Rather than try to dive into data to find value, we learnt you need to have an idea of what you are trying to solve through data,” says Scott. Time savings could double So, in trying to help van fleets avoid the lost productivity of rush-hour traffic, Ford used available data to calculate the potential time savings achievable by setting off two hours earlier. Its results revealed that one of its test vans could save up to 30 hours of driving time a week by starting the working day two hours earlier, and that the time saving potentially doubles by leaving a further half-hour earlier. “If we could demonstrate a time saving, then for a business that probably saves money, too, so a fleet could assess the amount of money to be saved versus the logistic challenges of making that time shift,” says Scott. “It would, hopefully, drive the conversation a bit further on rather than just saying please re-time.” He was also surprised at the granular level of detail available. “We could work it down to one particular depot that would benefit from a time shifting action, or even one particular route,” he says. Similar granularity could also help energy firms and city authorities to install electric vehicle charge points in optimum locations. By tracking the test fleet of vans, Ford could identify where they stopped for any meaningful length of time (ie long enough to recharge EV batteries). By cross-referencing this with the actual location of current charge points, a readily available data set, the manufacturer found that only 1% of longer stops by the LCVs were within 100 metres of an existing charge point, and only 19 of 9,495 stops lasted longer than 30 minutes, the minimum time for a useful charge.

The same programme also tracked the journeys of 43 Ford Fiesta cars and, by comparing their trip data with public transport timetables, enabled Ford to calculate how many of the car rides would have been quicker by public transport. “We found that 22% of those journeys could have been quicker by public transport,” said Scott. “We built up a heat map of the city to show which areas are generally faster or slower by car and the authorities can focus on areas where it’s still faster to go by car and start to figure out what they can do with public transport and future investment to get people to get off the roads and into public transport.”

Traffic performance The fifth element, traffic performance, aimed to create a new baseline measure for traffic flow by comparing the actual speeds achieved by the vehicles that Ford was tracking against the respective speed limits on the roads where they were driving. The granular nature of this vehicle data allowed the project to identify hold-ups on far shorter stretches of road than are typically measured. Armed with this information, city authorities could target any network or infrastructure improvements with much

great precision, focusing on the junctions or bottlenecks that cause the greatest disruption. Ford analysed the traffic flow data by both type of road and time of day, and sense checked its results against traffic speeds during school summer holidays to see if roads are quieter during the peak summer season. In reality, it found that the impact of the ‘summer holiday effect’ was inconclusive, with some roads being quieter but others suffering a marked slowdown – the M25 near Heathrow, for example, slowed down substantially, perhaps due to holidaymakers driving to the airport. Reflecting on the project as a whole, Scott says: “This data has really opened our eyes to the potential of what we could do with other cities beyond London in the UK and globally. There is something powerful here. As we expand this analysis across more and more cities, more and more fleets and more and more vehicles we really think that we can start to address some of those bigger challenges in a city – air quality, congestion and road safety.”

Who doesn’t wear a seat belt? In New Zealand, potentially preventable deaths are not decreasing. IRANZ researchers from TERNZ and Mackie Research develop five distinct profiles of seat belt non-users. Between 2006 and 2016, non-use of seat belts accounted for up to 30% of motor vehicle road deaths in New Zealand. In addition to increased risk of death, there is also an obvious increased risk of serious injury for occupants who did not wear a seat belt in a crash. So who doesn’t wear a seat-belt and why? Newly published research by Lily Hirsch, Hamish Mackie, and Richard Scott from Mackie Research, John de Pont from TERNZ, and Simon Douglas and Dylan Thomsen from the AA Research Foundation looks at the profiles for non-users of seat-belts. “In New Zealand, these potentially preventable deaths are not decreasing. It is important to understand the factors associated with crashes where seat belts are not worn, so more relevant and effective road safety interventions can be designed and implemented,” says Mackie Research Director Dr Hamish Mackie.

The team compiled profiles for 200 seat belt nonusers who were killed in 186 motor vehicle crashes in New Zealand between 2011 and 2015. “We developed five distinct profiles of vehicle occupants who were killed in crashes where seat belts were not worn. “Predictably there was the stereotypical ‘young risky’ males, but a range of other people and contexts also emerged. There were four other clear groups - ‘driving for work’; ‘elderly and retired’; ‘overseas passengers’; and ‘people driving in rural settings.” The findings have implications for tailored road safety interventions, as a variety of motivations and influences are likely to be at play, depending on the people involved. “We still need to do more research to understand the ‘why’, but this is a good start to understand the ‘who’. For some profiles, a general focus on risky driving is needed, or even support from outside of the transport system. For others, cultural norms and a focus on positive habits may be more relevant,” says Hamish. “For example, by far the biggest group were those driving in rural areas, in a significant subset of these alcohol was involved. Again, males were over represented. In a much smaller group, but still statistically significant, are ‘overseas passengers’, they were predominantly female, over half were Asian, and they tended to be in vehicles where a long journey had been planned and were asleep across the rear seats when the crash occurred.”

Read the research Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety – Volume 30, Issue 3, 2019.

Coroner wants roadmarkings review after intersection death A coroner is recommending reviews into Christchurch's road marking after a fatal crash at an intersection that had been flagged as dangerous. Colleen Margaret Case, who was an "independent and active" 83-year-old, died in January 2018 at the intersection between Logistics Drive and Sawyers Arms Rd.

In a statement, Christchurch City Council said it was thoroughly reviewing the Coroner's report. Council services manager David Adamson said it was continually reviewing its processes and had reinforced its expectations to all of its road maintenance contractors that any concerns about safety-related road markings must be responded to with urgency. He also offered the council's sincere condolences to Ms Case's family. "We take any road crashes in the district very seriously and are committed to doing all we can to ensure the safety of all road users," he said. "We will now thoroughly review the Coroner's findings to ensure our practices and processes are aligned with the recommendations made."

She failed to stop her car at a stop sign and was struck by a truck, while turning onto the road. The accident was just over 10 months after a New Zealand Transport Agency safety audit identified the intersection as one of "significant concern" and six weeks after the police told the council the word 'STOP' was no longer visible on the road and urgently needed repainting. NZTA's contractor Downer made some repairs after the audit, and the council issued Citycare a service request to do the repainting after the report from the police, but the council did not mark the job as urgent or highlight any "absent road marking" which would have seen the work completed within six hours.

The road markings were repainted the day after the crash happened, and Mr Robinson made no recommendations about changing the intersection itself.

Girls with Hi-Vis Girls with Hi-Vis is a highly successful initiative giving females the opportunity to get a taste of a career in the infrastructure industry. With over 450 young women participating in 2019 and incredible demand from schools Connexis are excited to be facilitating these events again in June 2020.

Subsequently, Citycare treated it as "to be programmed" and that meant its subcontractor Fulton Hogan had not done the repainting by the time of the crash. In the coroner's report released today, Coroner David Robinson said Ms Case's inattention was the likely cause of the collision, but assumptions had been made about the priority of re-marking of the intersection. "I recommend that Christchurch City Council and Citycare Ltd review their processes as to the assignment of priority for reinstating road marking, necessarily involving prompt inspection of the subject site in order that an informed decision be made as to the priority to be assigned to the work," he said.

For 2020 Connexis will be looking to ensure that they have a representation of events throughout the country and throughout the month of June. There is also the opportunity to combine with another company in your region to host an event to

share the commitment and potentially attract a larger number of attendees. Connexis are now taking expressions of interest from both employers and schools. If your company is interested in hosting an event the EOI form can be found here - https://bit.ly/2sAIgDg. A Girls with Hi-Vis FAQ and Key Dates document can also be Found here – https://bit.ly/2sDnDGx To find out more about Girls with Hi-Vis please visit the website.

Department for Transport using AI to conduct biggest ever study of UK’s road markings The UK’s Department for Transport (DfT) has a national assessment of road markings underway that will give an insight into the current condition of local roads, sections of the National Cycle Network, and the country’s footways to help improve road safety. The DfT awarded £2m (US$2.5m) to develop the most thorough understanding ever of the country’s road markings as part of a wider £350m (US$435m) funding package for improving the quality of local roads. By having analysis on the quality of nearly 100,000 miles (160,000km) of road, the DfT will have a clearer-than-ever picture of where investment is needed and will be able to advise local councils on areas that may need it most, improving road user safety on some of the country’s busiest local roads. A recently published local roads funding report from the Parliamentary Transport Select Committee showed that 11% of all local roads were in a poor condition and a further 25% showed deterioration, with the study concluding that the repairs would need £10m (US$12.4m) to address.

intelligence (AI) technology to review close to 150 million high definition (HD) images of the country’s roads. The analysis will provide a clear assessment of where investment by councils could be targeted. Poor road markings pose an issue for all road users, from cyclists to motorists, as they can make it difficult to distinguish whether they can park on the side of the road, overtake or know how wide a lane is. This means road user safety can be put at risk due to a lack of clarity. By having a stronger road map of where markings need improvement, these issues can be rectified. Clear road markings will also be essential for the widespread introduction of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) in the UK. The DfT is also planning to assess sections of the National Cycle Network, building on the audit undertaken by cycling and walking charity Sustrans, to better understand the condition of the network and help promote sustainable transport modes. “Road markings play a vital role in keeping everyone who is using the road safe, so making sure they’re up to standard is imperative,” said UK Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling. “This funding will allow for advanced AI learning technology to assess the condition of the markings to improve the safety of our roads for all users.” Paula Claytonsmith, Gaist’s managing director, added, “We are using over 146 million HD road images from our national databank and cuttingedge AI technology to assess over 96,000 miles of classified roads as part of this project. This is the largest exercise in assessing road marking readiness ever undertaken in England. We are proud to have the AI capability that puts an SME UK business at the forefront of technological advances.”

Vehicle-mounted cameras start issuing bus lane violations in New York City New York City’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) 60-day warning period for bus lane blockers on the M15 Select Bus Service route has ended and motorists that are caught by its new busmounted cameras will receive violations with fines up to US$250.

The DfT is undertaking the health-check in close partnership with the Local Condition Roads Innovation Group (LCRIG), which will in turn use the services of Gaist, a SME based in North Yorkshire, that will use its machine learning artificial

The forward-facing cameras on buses serving the M15 SBS route on First and Second Avenues in Manhattan were implemented on October 7th 2019, however state legislation mandated a 60-day grace period before violators could be fined for standing or parking in the bus lanes. Motorists who are

caught by the bus-mounting cameras blocking bus lanes on the route will be subject to a fine of US$50 for the first violation. For additional violations within a 12-month period, fines are US$100 for a second offense, US$150 for a third offense, US$200 for a fourth offense, and US$250 for a fifth violation and each subsequent one within a 12-month period. Since camera enforcement on the M15 began, there have been improvements in bus speeds on First and Second Avenues, with increases of up to 34 percent in some segments. The primary indicator of bus reliability, ‘Wait Assessment’, is at 76.7 percent on the route; the highest it has been for the past 15 months. Bus lanes and their enforcement have proven to improve transit trips in highly congested areas, helping to double bus speeds while increasing other vehicle speeds by 5 percent on pilot routes.

with the information transmitted to NYCDOT for review and processing. While NYCDOT has been using stationary fixed-position cameras for years to capture vehicles that do not make the first available turn off a bus lane, the MTA’s bus-mounted cameras capture vehicles standing for long periods or parked in a bus lane. The two systems work in tandem to ensure that violators are not fined twice for the same offense. “We have committed to speeding up buses citywide, and to get there, we need to continue stepping up automated bus lane enforcement,” said NYCDOT’s commissioner, Polly Trottenberg. “The new enforcement cameras on the buses will complement our fixed cameras already along the route, further helping us keep bus lanes clear and allowing commuters who rely on the M15 a faster, more reliable ride.”

Mobile phone detection launched in Australia


Following extensive trials earlier this year, the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW) has launched the world’s first road safety program that will target illegal mobile phone use by drivers through the use of fixed and mobile trailermounted camera systems.

NYC Transit is currently using the Automated Bus Lane Enforcement (ABLE) system on 123 MTA buses serving: the M15 SBS in Manhattan; the B44 SBS that travels on approximately 10 miles (16km) of dedicated bus lanes through Brooklyn; and the M14 SBS that uses bus lanes on 14th Street as well as NYCDOT’s Truck and Transit Priority lanes. Motorists who remain in a bus lane without exiting at the first possible right-turn, or are captured as blocking the lane at the same location by two successive buses, are considered to be violating traffic laws and will be ticketed. To heighten awareness of their use, NYC Transit is launching a campaign that features ‘Are you a bus?’ posters on the back of buses equipped with ABLE camera systems. The ABLE camera systems capture evidence such as license plate information (LPR), photos and videos, as well as location and timestamp information, of vehicles obstructing bus lanes to document clear cases of violation. The system collects multiple pieces of evidence to ensure that vehicles making permitted turns from bus lanes are not ticketed,

Transport for NSW’s (TfNSW) Centre for Road Safety revealed that the trial of the new camera systems earlier this year caught over 100,000 drivers illegally using a phone. For the first three months of the new enforcement program, drivers caught by a mobile phone detection camera will receive a warning letter. Following this period, the penalty for offending drivers is five demerit points and a A$344 fine (US$233), rising to A$457 (US$310) in a school zone, with 10 points added during double demerit periods. NSW Police will continue to enforce illegal mobile phone use and issue infringements as part of regular operations during the warning phase of the camera program. At the same time, the NSW Government has legalised mobile phone payments from behind the wheel, with drivers now permitted to use their phone as a digital wallet as long as the vehicle is stationary and off road, in a car park, drive-through or driveway. The NSW Government’s new safety program comes after a six-month trial on Sydney’s motorway network of the Heads-Up camera system developed by Australian technology company Acusensus The Heads-Up detection system, which operates both

day and night and in all weather conditions, uses two high-definition cameras to capture images of the license plate and the front-row cabin space of all vehicles to detect illegal mobile phone use. The system uses artificial intelligence (AI) to automatically review images and detect offending drivers, and to exclude images of non-offending drivers from further action. Images that the automated system considers likely to contain a driver illegally using a mobile phone are verified by authorized (human) personnel.

Measurement of fatigue among bus drivers in London provides tools for better traffic safety

“The NSW Government is serious about reducing our state’s road toll and rolling out mobile phone detection cameras is another way we will do this,” said NSW’s Minister for Roads, Andrew Constance.

The study was led by the Transport Safety Research Centre at the School of Design and Creative Arts, Loughborough University, and it was carried out in collaboration with Transport for London and researchers at VTI.

Anna Anund. VTI, Sweden. anna.anund@vti.se VTI (Sweden) has participated in a study of fatigue among London bus drivers. The study has given Transport for London the tools to implement measures that deal with fatigue among the city’s bus drivers.

“I want all drivers to know that if you use your mobile phone while behind the wheel of a vehicle in NSW you will have a greater chance of being caught, anywhere at anytime. Some people have not got the message about using their phones legally and safely. If they think they can continue to put the safety of themselves, their passengers and the community at risk without consequence, they are in for a rude shock.”

NSW’s Minister for Regional Roads, Paul Toole, added, “The program will progressively expand to perform an estimated 135 million vehicle checks on NSW roads each year by 2023. Whether you’re driving on a major highway or an isolated road in the bush, there’s no excuse for using your phone illegally; and now, there’s a much greater chance of getting nabbed.” Executive director of TfNSW’s Centre for Road Safety, Bernard Carlon, noted, “Independent modelling has shown these cameras could prevent around 100 fatal and serious injury crashes over five years. There is strong community support for more enforcement, with 80% of people surveyed supporting use of detection cameras to stop illegal mobile phone use.”

One positive is the report’s recommendation to Different methods were used during the project, including discussions with drivers and supervisors, in order to understand fatigue and sleepiness among London city bus drivers. The study was also the first in the world to collect on-road data to monitor fatigue and sleepiness among drivers while the buses were in regular service. The study showed, among other things, that one in five drivers in the study stated that they experienced problems relating to fatigue more than once a week while driving. Thanks to the study, Transport for London now has tools to handle fatigue among its drivers, thereby increasing traffic safety. One conclusion drawn by Transport for London is that there is a need for extensive fatigue risk management systems among the companies that operate London buses in the coming year. Transport for London will also ensure that all managers in the bus garages receive training relating to fatigue. VTI’s part in the study has mainly consisted of carrying out an experimental study to assess bus

drivers’ fatigue while driving one of London’s central bus routes. VTI has also helped recommend actions to be taken. “Thanks to our knowledge about sleepiness in drivers and our previous research, we have been able to contribute to the value that the study has provided to Transport for London and its efforts to prevent accidents caused by sleepiness among drivers,” says Anna Anund, head of research at VTI. Read the press release regarding the study on Loughborough University’s website.

Road marking robot for set out being trialled on England’s road network Highways England (HE) is expanding its use of automated technologies with the trial of a timesaving road marking set out robot that is saving drivers on the country’s busiest roads from hundreds of hours of disruption. The new autonomous machine uses precise positioning technology to mark out where white lines need to be painted on new or resurfaced roads. Ordinarily, set out for road markings is a time-consuming job, calculating the positioning of the markings and walking several miles to spray or chalk them on the road. Around 250 drivers currently drive into roadworks every month, putting workers’ lives at risk, but by using the robot, road workers spend far less time in the road and are at less risk of an accident. Bending down to set out roads by hand can also raise the risk of back injuries. The robot also boasts improved accuracy and can mark the road faster.

So far, the robot has already saved hundreds of hours of working time on various HE projects across the country, including the UK’s biggest road upgrade, the £1.5bn (US$1.9bn) A14 Cambridge to Huntingdon improvement. It also recently set out eight miles (12.8km) of the M6 in Staffordshire in four hours, which would usually take two engineers over a week to complete. Benefits elsewhere include saving 27 hours of working time marking

three miles (4.8km) of hard shoulder on the M4 in Berkshire, 77 hours covering five miles (8km) of the M6 in Warwickshire, and six hours working on two miles (3.2km) of the M1 in Leicestershire, with further work done on the M60 smart motorway at Manchester. Besides helping drivers and its safety benefits, the robot also enables roadworkers to focus on completing other essential work on each project. “We’re always looking at innovative new ways of working, which can help road users, and make our projects more efficient while supporting improved engineering. With safety our top priority, the time savings the robot can provide, coupled with removing our operatives from a potentially hazardous situation, make it a great solution,” explained Julian Lamb, HE’s construction director on the A14, where the robot has been trialled. “We’ve also been working with a self-driving dumper truck on the project, completing trials of these new technologies to help us deliver our ambitious programme of roads improvement more quickly, safely and efficiently. These technologies are also supporting new jobs, with the engineers of tomorrow needing to learn new skills such as programming this autonomous equipment.”

The robot has been so successful that specialist contractor WJ, which adopted the technology for it to complete the set out, has now invested in a second one to help complete more of its work. By completing roadworks faster, the robot will help contribute to the goals of reducing congestion, improving journey times, and supporting economic growth, while cost savings can be used to provide more or better-quality road-building materials. Wayne Johnston, WJ Group’s managing director, said, “I am passionate about changing the way we work in this industry and the WJ Robotic PreMarker represents a real step change. However, it is just a starting point, we will continue to invest in research and development to find better, more efficient and safer ways of working.”

NordicCert marking materials approvals NordicCert is a certification system for road marking materials that includes the countries of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Iceland is joining the system in 2019. In these countries, a documented product approval is required in order to use a road marking material on roads managed by the national road authorities. Product approval is based on monitored and documented performance measurements of material samples applied on test fields on public roads. The certification system includes test sites in Denmark (for product approval in Denmark) and in Norway/Sweden (for product approval in Iceland, Norway and Sweden). The certification system includes road marking materials for road markings in categories with respect to colour (white, yellow), type (type I, type II, antiskid, inlaid, temporary, and materials for hand application and with enhanced durability) and thickness (0.4, 0.6, 1.5, 3 and 5 mm). The first test fields were established in 2015. New rounds of material application on the test fields have been carried out yearly since then. At present (winter 2019), about 350 material from 25 manufacturers have been applied at the Nordic test sites.

The materials are followed-up for two years, with performance measurements of the coefficient of retroreflected luminance RL under dry and wet conditions, the luminance coefficient under diffuse illumination Qd, the friction, the chromaticity in daylight, and the chromaticity of retroreflected light (yellow materials, only). Materials are certified in relation to the number of wheel passages they will stand, with preserved functionality. Depending on the traffic flow, the position in the lane and the exposure time, different roll-over classes (P0–P6, corresponding to ≤50,000 – 2,000,000 wheel passages, defined by EN 1824) will be reached. At the Danish test site, P-class P6 is typically reached after two years, while at the Norwegian-Swedish test site P-class P5 is reached after two years. The results of the follow-up performance measurements are published in public reports, which can be found here.

Certificates are distributed to the respective manufacturer. Lists of certified materials can be found here (Denmark) and here (Iceland/Norway/Sweden). For more information about the certification procedure, please see the instruction here. The requirements for the use of certified materials are implemented in national regulations gradually. Denmark implemented its first requirements for certified materials in 2017, Norway in 2018 and Sweden in 2019. Iceland is expected to implement requirements for certified materials in 2020. Over time, the requirements will expand, e.g. to include more road marking types. To ensure that road marking materials used in contracts are certified and in accordance with the specification in the contract, a system for control and assessment is being established. More information can be found here.

Tackling drink driving in Europe The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) suggests that the European Union should introduce a zero-tolerance drink-driving limit in 2020. This should form part of a package of measures to help prevent up to 5,000 alcohol-linked road deaths/year, according to the ETSC. The EU recently announced aims to cut road deaths and serious injuries by half by 2030. Tackling drink driving will be a major factor if this is to be achieved. Drink driving is a factor in around 25% of the 25,000 road deaths in Europe a, according to European Commission estimates. Around 2,654 people were recorded as being killed in alcohol-related collisions in 23 EU countries in 2018, according to the ETSC report. However, the actual figures are likely to be higher due to inefficient data collection. Ellen Townsend, policy director of ETSC said: “Almost 70 years since the first scientific evidence was published on the link between drink-driving and road deaths – it is impossible to accept that thousands of families are still being ripped apart every year in the EU because of it. In 2020, we want to see the EU and Member States, coming up with a vision to end drink-driving once and for all with a combination of zero-tolerance limits, a big step-up in enforcement and wider use of technology such as mandatory use of alcohol interlocks in buses, lorries and vans.

Currently only seven out of 28 EU countries have a standard Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) limit of 0.2 g/l or below. 0.1 and 0.2 are effectively equivalent to zero tolerance, while still allowing for consumption of certain medicines, or drinks marketed as alcohol free. Meanwhile 19 nations have a limit of 0.5, while Lithuania has 0.4. The UK currently has the highest standard limit of 0.8, though Scotland has set a lower limit of 0.5. Many countries also set lower limits for professional and/or novice drivers.

Daimler Scaling Back Its Autonomous Vehicles Program

Road User Charge to Be Constitutionally Protected in Washington State Plans to phase out fuel taxes and phase in mileagebased user fees (called Road User Charges in Washington) advanced in December when the State Transportation Commission voted to give RUC revenues the same constitutional protection enjoyed by the state’s fuel taxes: the users-paid revenues will be used solely for highway purposes. Transit and environmental groups had argued for letting RUC revenues be used for any and all kinds of transportation projects.

Utah Launches Mileage-Based User Fee

Ola Kallenius, chairman of Daimler-Benz, announced recently that the company plans to “right-size” its program to develop autonomous vehicles. Reuters quoted him as saying, “There has been a reality check setting in here,” as many autonomous vehicle experts acknowledge that true (Level 5) autonomy is turning out to be a far more difficult challenge than many thought it would be. Daimler’s announcement is similar to a statement by Ford CEO Jim Hackett earlier in 2019.

Utah launched a statewide mileage-based user fee (MBUF) program on Jan. 1, 2020. Initially, it applies only to owners of the 51,000 electric and hybrid vehicles in the state. These car owners will benefit from signing up, since the per-mile charge will likely cost them less than the special registration fee that applies to those vehicles to compensate for their use of no, or less, gasoline than other vehicles. Utah DOT is sending out a booklet explaining the new MBUF to all 51,000 of these vehicle owners.

Autonomy in limited domains (e.g., university campuses, retirement communities) seems more achievable within the next decade than AVs capable of operating on all kinds of roads in all kinds of weather.

Upcoming Events

US Gas Tax Revenue Declines Higher fuel efficiency of newer vehicles and growing sales of electric vehicles are leading to decreases in gas tax revenue. In FY 2019, gas tax receipts of the US Federal Highway Trust Fund were down by 8.9 percent from the year before (though diesel tax receipts offset the decline for the Trust Fund total). Reduced current and projected fuel tax revenue in Florida has led to reductions in Florida DOT’s fiveyear work program. Even fast-growing Virginia suffered a 0.3 percent decrease in gas tax revenue in the most-recent yearly total. These decreases are leading to greater interest in implementing mileage-based user fees as a replacement for fuel taxes.

Intertraffic Amsterdam RIA Amsterdam 21st to 24th April 2020 www.intertraffic.com NZIHT/NZTA Symposium Napier Conference Centre 25th to 27th May 2020 www.nziht.co.nz RIAA/NZRF Conference and Exhibition Coffs Harbour, NSW 29th and 30th July 2020 www.riaa.com.au

Profile for Roadmarking News

Newsletter February 2020  

Newsletter February 2020