Page 1

Newsletter of The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc.

Roadmarking News

Edition 128 December 2017

Zero-target for road toll focus for incoming Associate Transport Minister More median barriers to target black spots around the country and working towards a zero-target approach will be on the table as the Minister convened a Government crisis meeting to tackle a rising road toll that has already reached a higher number this year than for all of last year. Associate Transport Minister Julie Anne Genter said that road safety is her top priority after the road toll reached 329 on the 19th November 2017 one more than all of last year and the highest since 2010.

"I've already signalled to officials, as we did during the campaign, that we want to investigate what a zero approach would look like in New Zealand," Genter said. "People will make mistakes, and it's our responsibility as the people building the infrastructure, designing the roads, designing the transport system, to do as much as possible to minimise harm." She said one reason the road toll was higher was that people were driving more and the average age of a vehicle had risen to 14 years. "We have to do what we can to improve the safety of the roads ... and then we also have to look into [making] it easier for people get around without using a car. "We're going to have a huge focus on making it safe for kids to walk and cycle to school, we're going to invest in rapid transit in our cities, we're looking at regional passenger rail, and we're looking at rail and coastal shipping for freight which will get some of the big trucks off our roads."

She met with officials from the Ministry of Transport and the NZ Transport Agency to discuss short-term and long-term options, such as funding for councils to target black spots that have been neglected because of a lack of money. "By redirecting funding away from expensive projects like the east-west [motorway] we can free up a lot of money and help regional controlling authorities, local councils, make some of those urgent safety upgrades that they need to," She said billions of dollars went into seven motorways, and some of it could be re-prioritised to fund, for example, low-cost median barriers in black spots around the country. A Swedish expert told Auckland Council last week that if New Zealand had the same rate of crashes as Sweden, 200 fewer people would be dead every year. Sweden has had a zero target road toll strategy for the past 20 years.

Genter said younger drivers and male drivers tended to take more risks. "We have to ensure that people are well trained, that people understand the risks. Nobody wants to be getting the phone call telling them their loved one or their friend has been killed or seriously injured in a car crash."

NZTA awards contract for management and maintenance of East Waikato state highways to Higgins. The East Waikato Network Outcomes Contract covers highways through Matamata Piako, Hauraki and Coromandel. Higgins started the contract on November 1st. NZTA’s Transport Systems Manager, Karen Boyt, says Higgins has a track record on other regional

Published by: The New Zealand Roadmarkers Federation Inc. P O Box 13 605 Onehunga Auckland 1643 New Zealand Executive Director: Alister Harlow, Phone: +64 9 625 7470, Email: Roadmarking News in published by The NZ Roadmarkers Federation Inc. Opinions expressed in Roadmarking News do not necessarily reflect the views of the NZRF

contracts in New Zealand and is well equipped to cover east Waikato. “The region will be well serviced with the main depot in Morrinsville and additional bases in Kopu and Whitianga.

Te Ara Mua was named the Supreme Winner and also took out the Innovation Hub Award. The project is the result of a unique partnership between the Māngere community, researchers and transport planners. The project aims to make the streets in Māngere Central safer and easier for people to travel around, especially by walking or cycling. The judges said Te Ara Mua set a high standard for this year’s awards. It was helping to improve the Māngere community’s health and quality of life by taking an innovative and holistic approach to changing the environment and encouraging active transport. The project is being monitored over the next two years. Early results are promising with cycling numbers on the community trail increasingly significantly while traffic speeds in key areas have reduced.

“We are committed to being responsive to issues on the roads so there will be purpose-built cyclic vehicles out on our roads, identifying and where practicable resolving issues. There will also be a dedicated heavy maintenance crew that will undertake more permanent repairs,” Ms Boyt says.

NZ Transport Agency Senior Manager System Design Brett Gliddon says the awards are part of the Government’s wider commitment to encourage more Kiwis to embrace walking and cycling as modes of transport.

Ms Boyt says monitoring traffic volumes and congestion will also be a key part of the contract. “We’ve placed an emphasis on proactive traffic management. “We’ll monitor the flows using real time data and move traffic management into place at key congestions points to reduce frustration for our customers,” Ms Boyt says.

Māngere’s walk and cycle-friendly community transformation, Te Ara Mua Future Streets, receives top honour at Bike to the Future Awards The Bike to the Future Awards are organised by the NZ Transport Agency and Cycling Action Network (CAN). They acknowledge New Zealand’s most innovative cycling projects and celebrate the people who are making cycling a safer and more attractive transport choice.

“The Government’s Urban Cycleways Programme is working well to support cyclists throughout New Zealand,” Mr Gliddon says. “More than three quarters of the cycling projects under the $333 million Programme are currently either complete or underway. By June 2018 this will mean we have over 300km of new cycleways across New Zealand. “We want to encourage more people to walk and cycle as an everyday transport option. All of the projects and people we have honoured this evening are part of driving this shift, and the awards are an opportunity to celebrate all of their hard work.” Dr Hamish Mackie, Mackie Research highlighted this project in his presentation to the 2017 Australasian Roadmarking Conference

Downer takes over Northern Roading Network Outcome Contract from Services South East in the Tairawhiti region The Northern Network Contract includes 904 kilometres of state highways and council roads in the Gisborne region. “The sale of this contract is a pragmatic solution and one which will ensure a level of continuity with roading improvements and maintenance works,” Tairawhiti Roads General Manager Dave Hadfield says. “We want to thank SSE for the work it’s carried out on the network since 2016 and also the assistance it will be providing during the upcoming transition period.” Downer takes over the contract and will focus on core maintenance activities as a priority. “We very much appreciate the patience of the local councils, communities and road users as we make this important transition,” Mr Hadfield says. “We will update the schedule of planned roadworks for the region as soon as we are able.”

Lines mark out tsunami safety spots on coastal roads Blue tsunami safety lines appearing on Horowhenua coastal roads aim to tell beach residents how far to go to escape earthquakecreated waves.

and safety instruction handouts distributed to individual households. Horizons emergency management officer Andrew Howard said not to wait for an official notification if there was an earthquake for over a minute or a strong shake where you couldn't stand up, but to head inland past the line. "Evacuate yourself past this point and wait for instructions from authorities. And don't stop at the line, as there will be people behind you trying to get out. Keep going," he said. Mr Howard said the lines' locations were mapped using GIS (geographic information system) technology. District Neighbourhood Support co-ordinator Deborah Campbell said the lines made it much easier for people to be able to see where they needed to go in an earthquake emergency. "People can get a bit panicky, and something visible like a line can make them feel that little bit safer in knowing that once they get past that point they are in a safer area," she said. Hokio Progressive Association president Rose Cotter said the Hokio Beach Rd marking showed people the point to get past and was a very good visual sign for her community. "I'm pleased the lines have been put in place and pleased we have more detailed signage at the beach as well as notices to give to residents." Horizons' blue lines project follows a similar initiative carried out around Wellington seaside suburbs that has also attracted international interest.

Noise complaints see Kapiti Expressway lose its rumble strips

Dominion Post 6th November 2017

Kāpiti's $630 million expressway is to lose half its rumble strips in an effort to placate sleep-deprived residents. Horizons Regional Council is marking roads leading out of all the district's coastal communities with a thick blue line indicating a safe point well outside any expected tsunami inundation. The lines complemented safety signs erected by Horizons at coastal communities in the past year

The raised strips on the lefthand lanes will be removed in each direction of the 18-kilometre road, after costing about $7500 a kilometre to install. The righthand strips, alongside the median barrier, will remain.

Nick Fisher, of the Expressway Noise Action Group, said the work would go some way to helping noiseaffected residents get a good night's sleep, but it was a "monumental" waste of taxpayer money. "The fact is they should never have been put in in the first place." Rumble strips are a safety measure. Raised ribs spaced at regular intervals along the edges of a road act as a warning to drivers that they are veering out of their lane. Fisher said NZTA's own guidelines stated rumble strips should not be used in noise-sensitive areas, such as residential spaces. "They knew there would be a problem before they did it, which is nuts." He said it was ridiculous that only the left hand strips would be removed, and said the strips were unnecessary on the expressway, which had centre and outside barriers running the length of the road. Fisher, whose property in Raumati is about 100 metres from the road, and a group of about 100 neighbours have campaigned since the expressway's opening in February to have noisereduction work carried out. In July, they erected fake engine braking signs, which were quickly removed.

It had appointed an expert review panel to evaluate the noise, with findings due later this month. "We've also reviewed the noise being generated by rumble strips to determine whether improvements can reasonably and safely be made to address the noise they generate, and we're removing some rumble strips already as part of planned remedial resurfacing work ... "There is no specific timeline for the removal of rumble strips, as it is being carried out as part of the resurfacing work, which will continue into summer." In October, project delivery senior manager Chris Hunt said water was leaking through a seal between the base – or pavement – and the asphalt of the road, and about 14km of slow lanes would have to be resealed. Genuine engine braking signs, asking truck drivers to limit the use of their engine brakes, had been installed already, and more would be added, Speight said. "We're taking a range of actions to address roadtraffic noise, including bringing forward work to resurface the northern portion of the expressway with a low-noise surface." The work was weather dependent, but expected to be completed this summer. Kāpiti Coast Mayor K Gurunathan said he felt sorry for everyone involved, but was concerned that removing the lines could endanger lives. NZTA was "bending over backwards to help" and was "caught between a rock and a hard place" as it tried to keep motorists safe and remedy noise complaints, he said.

Fisher and neighbours erecting their replica signs in July. While the removal of the strips would make a difference, the main noise issue was trucks travelling at night. That would be solved only by a wall or bund that could cost up to $40m, he said. NZTA director of regional relationships Emma Speight said it was aware of community concerns about noise from the road, and had discussed the issue directly with residents.

"It's a lose-lose situation."

CuriousCity: Paint trial markings going nowhere fast Dominion Post 5th November 2017

After eight years the strange road markings at Silverstream are just the 'norm' for drivers, but what is the story with the road safety projects?. While motorists continue to play their part on a daily basis, mystery surrounds the long-standing "Paint Trial" on Fergusson Dr at Silverstream.

The 150-metre stretch of horizontal lines across a southbound lane has been in place for eight years and, in much reduced form, is continuing to help identify the best paints to use on New Zealand's highways.

then, in October 2014 at 1.5m when the bulk of the analysis was completed. Each line's skid resistance, visibility (in the day and with headlights), wear and colour fading was inspected to reveal just how safe, visible and durable each products was. "Some were trialled longer, to the five million count which we hit in September last year "The materials we use to mark the road are just as important as the markings themselves," NZTA regional transport systems manager Mark Owen said when the Silverstream and Te Horo projects were launched.

Dr John Donbovand of the NZ Transport Agency at the eight-year old paint trial at Silverstream When the NZ Transport Agency first approached the Upper Hutt City Council to use their favoured location the trial was meant to be for three years. The longevity is, in part a result of the trial hitting a bureaucratic speed bump mid-way through the original 2010-2013 work when the road was dug up and resurfaced by the council. "That was interesting and I can imagine there were a few tough conversations around that at the time," NZTA lead adviser pavements John Donbavand said on site at Silverstream. That trial was consigned to history and started afresh in March 2013, the same time a similar project on State Highway 1, half a kilometre south of Te Horo got under way. They are the only paint trials in place in the country, Donbavand said. Many of the paints tested at Silverstream were also under scrutiny at Te Horo and its alternative chip seal surface. Sixty-eight products from five paint manufacturers were used at Silverstream. Four lines were laid for each, two directly onto the "asphaltic concrete" and two laid down over markings put in several months earlier in preparation. With Opus Research carrying out the technical work the lines were inspected after they had been crossed by 500,000 vehicles, then 1 million and

"They have to be bright enough to see in the daytime, reflect enough light at night to be easily seen and stay visible in wet conditions when we most need them. On top of all that, they also have to be pretty tough." The Silverstream location offered several advantages, Donbavand said. "It is a straight stretch which is important and we needed an area where the speed was more than 70kmh. It is also fairly accessible to Opus in Petone. Donbavand said the paint trail was "quite expensive" to set up and maintain but because the costs were met by the paint manufacturers it was effectively cost neutral for the NZTA.

John Williamson Opinion: underestimate risk on the road


John Williamson, Chairman of Roadsafe Northland and Northland Road Safety Trust, a former national councillor for NZ Automobile Association and former Whangarei District Council member. He comments on a local issue but his commentary applies to many local roads around NZ It started as an email conversation. "There is a growing concern on the coast about the incredibly high number of crashes at Murphy's Hill (just past Ngunguru Ford Road heading towards the coast). I receive community alerts on the Tutukaka Coast Facebook page and there have been at least six over the past three months, highlighting run off road and advising others about slippery roads."

affect drivers perception of risk and influence the speeds that drivers choose to travel. A key finding from the project was that Kiwi drivers generally perceive risk well but that we do under-estimate some risks and over-estimate others.

Here we have a great local network wanting to warn others about the current dangers but is this a problem road and if so what is being done about it? An email message to Jeff Devine — WDC's Roading Manager — got the following response: "There have been six recorded accidents on the stretch of Ngunguru Road between Ngunguru Ford Road at the top of the S Bends and Coalhill Lane at the bottom of the hill, between 2006 and 2015 (that's 10 years!). They were all loss of control.

We over-estimate the risk from bends and narrow lanes but we under-estimate the risk from intersections and roadside hazards such as narrow shoulders, ditches, trees and power poles. As a result of these latter road features they are less likely to receive due care and attention. The study suggested that double yellow lines and wide centre lines were more effective at communicating risk rather than dashed white centre lines, but that nothing quite beats the presence of a police car at communicating risk and slowing drivers down. Now, how might this study relate to the high nonserious crash rate that local people talk about on Murphy's Hill?

One was alcohol-related, one fell asleep and four occurred during heavy rain. Two of these were serious head-ons and there were no fatalities. There are speed advisory signs and chevrons on all corners. This stretch of Ngunguru Road has a medium personal and collective risk and will be looked at as part of the Speed Management Guide review." What this means is that local people observe a lot more crashes than are being reported as serious and if you want to know where a problem spot is then you ask tow truck drivers and insurance companies rather than rely solely on official crash analysis data. This raises the question about what actually is the problem with Ngunguru Road and how do drivers perceive any risk there might be on this particular stretch? The issue of how well drivers perceive the risks of the road has been the subject of an NZAA Research Foundation study published recently. The Foundation commissioned two research projects by Sam Charlton's team at Waikato University. One of these compared actual and perceived risk and that was followed by a study that examined how safety "treatments" such as road markings,

My ordinary driver analysis of this road is that this particular stretch needs some different messages on and about it. You drive from Whangarei through native bush and past stone walls which tend to create a perception of a narrower road which naturally slows you down. You exit the bush at Ngunguru Ford Road and before you is a long sweeping road with open distant views and you might see the chance to plant boot. The road has sweeping S Bends and is relatively narrow but seems wider. The curves themselves may well be slightly out of context and the road is overall, unforgiving. If you lose control you will end up in the paddock, but the road itself does not communicate much risk.

To me, this is a classic stretch where you might under-estimate the risk. While there are curve advisory signs of 45km/h and chevrons, this particular stretch could benefit from a different "treatment". Perhaps a wider centre line which tends to perceptually narrow the road to communicate the risk of losing control and slow drivers down. A lower speed limit over the whole road should also be publicly consulted. There is however, only so much that roading engineers can do. The road rules require us to adjust speed according to the road conditions. It seems to me that what Tutukaka Coast residents are saying, is that this particular stretch is dangerous, particularly in heavy rain conditions and adjusting for that risk is part of safe driving behaviour. Drive safely, enjoy your driving and share the road. Associate Professor Dr Samuel Charlton presented at the 2017 Australasian Roadmarking Conference

Work underway to prevent crashes on link between Rotorua and Tauranga Work has now started on safety improvements which aim to prevent people being killed or seriously injured on State Highway 33 from the Te Ngae Junction to Paengaroa.

be installed to stop vehicles from running off the road. The NZ Transport Agency’s Director Safety and Environment, Harry Wilson, says this work is the first stage in a larger project aimed at preventing simple mistakes resulting in people being killed or seriously injured. “Sixteen people have died and 46 have been seriously injured on this stretch of road between Te Ngae junction and Paengaroa from 2006 and 2015. Most of these crashes were head-on or involved drivers running off the road and hitting trees, poles or deep ditches. “We’ve talked to the community about how we can make this road safer, and we’re making these changes based on what they’ve told us as well as our research. The route is 34km long with some tricky terrain so that’s why it will be finished in three stages. The first stage is the easiest to complete and we hope to start on stage two next year and stage three in 2019,” Mr Wilson says. Work has started on the first stage and is expected to be completed by early 2018, weather permitting. Work will stop during the state highway works moratorium period in December/January. At times, a temporary speed limit will be in place with warning signs to advise drivers that the works are in progress. These safety improvements are part of the government’s $600m Safe Roads programme, targeting the prevention of 900 deaths and serious injuries on high-risk rural state highways over the next decade.

Cartoon-style road markings Coventry City Council recently installed jagged patterns in a bid to 'encourage drivers and pedestrians to be aware of each other' at a cost of more than £21,000. The so-called flash crossing was painted outside the city's railway station last week and council bosses said it would create a 'memorable impression' for visitors. Road shoulders will be widened near Paengaroa to help drivers recover if they veer off the road. A wide centreline will be put in to help reduce headon crashes and flexible roadside safety barriers will

But bemused commuters have taken to social media to express their opposition to the markings, with some saying it is causing drivers to suffer headaches.

Barry Vin tweeted: 'They look like the 'pow' marks in Batman comics. It's bizarre. Why not give a lollipop lady the money instead?

'But it has the advantage that it takes less time to install, costs less to maintain and can be removed more easily if needed in the future.

The council has defended the markings, saying they will improve road safety as well as providing a 'memorable impression' for visitors.

'The flash crossing aims to encourage drivers and pedestrians to be aware of each other.

'It's our own bit of art on the road, welcoming visitors to the city and making a memorable impression. 'The flash design has been used before in London but we've tweaked it so we are the only city to have it in blue. The right colour choice for our great city.

'To allow vehicles and pedestrians to travel but with consideration for one another. 'The materials are the same as those used for zebra crossings with a life span of about five years.

'It's similar to some of our red sections of road in the city centre which are working well, creating a new and more considerate environment. 'The temporary surface will remain in place until we fully the redevelop the station area. 'In time the pedestrian route to the station will be fully pedestrianised.

'There will be some early tracking on the surface this means vehicle tyres will leave marks on the surface for the first few weeks. This is normal and they will rub off naturally, in time.'

Interactive crossing lights the way for pedestrian safety: Video A group of architects, designers, tactical urbanists and creative technologists collectively known as Umbrellium has developed a modern take on the familiar pedestrian crossing. The Starling Crossing is aimed at putting people first, using LEDs to paint the road with markings that guide pedestrians safely across the road while also telling drivers and cyclists when to slow down, stop and go.

'I hope we can look at more innovative and artistic solutions like this for other roads in the city.' A council spokesman said: 'The new flash crossing cost a total of £21,640 which was funded by grant money from the government's Growth Deal. 'That cost is £25 more per metre squared than the normal anti-skid surfacing required at such a site and used at other locations around the city.

The Stigmergic Adaptive Responsive Learning Crossing prototype – or Starling Crossing from short – was temporarily installed recently in South London. The whole zone is monitored by cameras that feed images to a neural network that's able to recognize pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles. It works out the location, trajectory and speed of each tracked road user and anticipates their next move. The road surface in the zone, which was made to withstand the weight of vehicles and designed so that users won't slip even in heavy rain, has been embedded with computer-controlled LEDs that are

visible from all angles in daylight or after dark. The LEDs light up to form road markings, which will be familiar to anyone who has crossed over, driven down or cycled on a British street.

world use. But it certainly looks like an interesting concept that could work with existing traffic management technologies to help bring the humble pedestrian crossing into the 21st century.

The pedestrian crossing can be programmed to only appear when it detects someone approaching – during times of the day when there aren't many people around, for example – or can expand its width to accommodate increased foot traffic when the work day finishes or it's closing time at the local watering hole.

Taking a look at safety messages on America’s roadways In 2013, Traffic and Safety Engineer for the Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT), Willy Sorenson, was asked by the then-Iowa DOT Director, Paul Trombino, to research which states were posting fatality counts on their Dynamic Message Signs (DMS). Sorenson compiled the data but what ultimately followed the initial request was several rounds of expanded research and the reiteration of Sorenson’s firm belief that posting the same message each day results in motorists becoming desensitized to the underlying meaning of the messages, which is to promote safe driving.

When it's time for someone to cross the road, unbroken stop markings appear across the lane, signaling oncoming vehicles to stop. The crossing then appears and pedestrians move over to the other side of the road. For anyone who has their eyes focused on a smartphone screen instead of the route ahead, the system will paint warning lights around them to bring them back into the real world and ensure their crossing is a safe one. If a child unexpectedly runs onto the road, the Starling Crossing creates a large visual buffer zone so that nearby drivers and cyclists are made aware of their trajectory, and the system can even try and counter driver blindspots by mapping out a hidden pedestrian's expected route across the road. The Starling Crossing's control system can learn traffic patterns over time and adapt the displayed markings accordingly. "If most people exiting a tube station end up walking diagonally across the road towards a park entrance, the crossing is able to reconfigure as a diagonal or even trapezoidal crossing, with corresponding safety buffer zones," explained Umbrellium. The interactive, dynamic pedestrian crossing was commissioned by UK insurance company Direct Line and design firm Saatchi & Saatchi, and appears to be a design study only – there's no mention of such a system being rolled out for real

Sorenson said he proposed a plan that would exclude the biggest annoyance of traffic engineers: continuously posting the same unoriginal message. He pitched his idea for a Message Monday program to Trombino, who suggested he work with staff members from Iowa DOT’s Office of Strategic Communications to draft a formal program outline. Iowa DOT communications specialist Tracey Bramble was looped into the planning stages as to what would soon grace the DMS along Iowa’s interstates.

Today, Bramble and Sorenson work to draft sixmonth chunks of messages to be posted in addition to the traffic fatality totals. The fatality counts from Friday are posted Monday morning and any deaths that occurred over the weekend are added to afternoon posts.

Out-of-the-box thinking when it comes to posting safety messages on interstate message boards isn’t just an occurrence along Iowa’s roadways. It just so happens the state’s successful Message Monday program has led to other transportation departments to implement similar programs to influence driver behavior and promote safe driving. According to Sorenson, he and his team who work on the Message Monday program have spoken with roughly 30 states in regards to implementing more creative messaging and of those 30, Iowa DOT has shared their messages with about 20. That being said, much of the U.S. abides by guidelines set forth in the MUTCD on Dynamic Message Signs (DMS), or Changeable Message Signs (CMS) as they are referred to in the guide, and adheres to direction provided by their corresponding FHWA division. Many states post messages supplied by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) as part of the administration’s safety campaigns including “CLICK IT OR TICKET,” “DRIVE SOBER OR GET PULLED OVER” and “U DRIVE. U TEXT. U PAY.” The safety messages, creative or NHTSA compliant, are posted in addition to posting real-time traffic information, such as crash notifications, and statewide alerts, like Amber Alerts. A full list of responses regarding state DMS policies, safety messaging and traffic fatality count (year to date) posts that were gathered by state transportation department spokespersons or communication department representatives is available here.

Safer cone collection with X-Cone among the latest safety innovations A cone collection system to further isolate workers from traffic and improved worksite lighting are among the latest safety and demarcation products

X-Cone is a new traffic cone management system offering a higher level of safety for workers and maximum efficiency for contractors. Austrian-made X-Cone is a truck-mounted system that can manage the setting out and collection of cones from the flatbed of any 3.5tonne vehicle. It does not matter if the cones are straight or laying on the road, the X-cone can still manage the work quickly, safely and reliably, according to the manufacturer. For setting out standard cones, the driver can decide the distance between cones by using a simple screen on the LCD display of a wireless remote control. The X-Cone has a long life expectancy. It’s stainless steel and aluminum lightweight construction make it extremely durable with minimum maintenance requirements. Once installed on the flatbed of the service vehicle this multifunctional system is fully automatic and works unaffected by weather or temperature conditions. The design makes it fully flexible for use on the right or left side of the road and in either traffic flow directions. The X-Cone is extremely versatile and is able to set out or collect cones ranging from 600-800mm in height. Because it collects or deposits cones quickly – without putting workers’ safety at risk – the unit is suitable for longer work zones. The X-Cone has been designed for a one-man operation. After set-up a single worker can operate the system at a speed of about 6kph. XCone systems are working in the Austrian city of Graz and in the Czech Republic capital Prague as well as Ljubljana in Slovenia and Munich in Germany. Machines have also recently been shipped to Tokyo and Bangkok.

Queensland road projects proposed Road projects are being proposed for the Queensland, with upgrades to the M1 route taking precedence. One proposed project will be for the widening of the M1 between Tugun and Varsity Lakes; work expected to cost US$164 million (A$206 million). Improvements to the section of the M1 between Logan Motorway and Eight Mile Plains should cost $12.74 million (A$16 million). In addition an upgrade to the Oxenford Exit 57 interchange is expected to cost $19.9 million (A$25 million). The work should be complete by 2020.

In addition a new route has been proposed that will provide an alternative route to the M1 between Nerang and Stapylton and is intended to provide extra capacity for the future. This 36km link would cost $398.1 million (A$500 million), with funding being provided jointly by the Queensland State Government and the Australian Federal Government.

Pacific highway upgrade project The major Pacific Highway upgrade in New South Wales is one of the largest road infrastructure projects ever undertaken in Australia. Connecting Sydney and Brisbane, the Pacific Highway is being upgraded to provide a four-lane divided road from Hexham to Queensland and is a major contributor to Australia’s economic activity. Work started in 1996 and is scheduled for completion in 2020, with approximately 75%, some 493km, of the work having already been completed.

Australia’s road crashes identify speeding as major cause An analysis of truck crashes in Australia has highlighted that speeding is the primary cause. The report has been compiled by National Transport Insurance (NTI). Speeding was a cause of 21.4% of major truck crashes in 2015, although this was lower than the 27% in 2013. Driving while tired accounted for 12.2% of truck crashes. Among multi-vehicle fatal incidents, the driver of a car or light vehicle was deemed responsible. The report highlights key problems with regard to changes in driver behaviour and in particular singles out mobile phone use at the wheel as an increasing problem for road safety.

Norway’s improving road safety sees further crash reduction Norway’s road safety levels continue to improve for 2017. This maintains the country’s reputation as one of the safest in the world for road travel. The latest data from the Norwegian Public Road Administration (Statens vegvesen) reveal that fatal crashes dropped for 2017. During the first nine months of 2017, 78 people died in road crashes in Norway, a notable reduction from the 111 killed on Norwegian roads in the first nine months of 2016. The figures for 2016 represent a spike in road deaths however. In the first nine months of

2015, 87 people were killed in road crashes in Norway while in 2014 the figure was 126 and in 2013, 134 people died.

Netherlands sees road safety worsen? Road crashes in the Netherlands appears to be on the increase. So far in 2017 there has been an increase in the number of road crashes, with rescue vehicles having to be called out to haul away damaged trucks and cars. Compared with the same January – October period for 2013, there has been a 27% increase in the number of road crashes to 25,963 in which damaged vehicles had to be removed. This data comes from Stichting Incident Management Nederland. The use of cellphones by drivers is thought to be a primary reason for the increase in crashes.

Chinese mega tunnel project planned Plans are being drawn up in China for a new mega tunnel project in Guangdong Province. Details of the project, to connect Shenzhen and Zhongshan, have been released by the official Chinese news agency Xinhua. The 6.8km undersea stretch of tunnel will carry eight lanes, making it the world’s widest undersea road tunnel. The route will measure 24km long and will also include two artificial islands and two suspension bridge sections, with the project expected to cost in the region of US$6.6-7 billion in all. The project is due for completion in 2024 and construction work on the artificial islands is now commencing. The tunnel will provide a new transport link for the Pearl River Delta, providing an additional connection that will cut journey times for users as the existing Humen Bridge at present suffers from congestion and delays at peak periods.

US road safety concern at higher crashes Concern has been expressed at the increase in road deaths in the US. There were 37,461 road deaths on US roads in 2016, an increase of 5.6% from 2015. The data comes from the US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The NHTSA data was collected from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. It also shows that the vehicle distance travelled on US roads in 2016 increased by 2.2%. This resulted in a fatality rate of 1.18 deaths/100 vehicle miles travelled (VMT), an increase of 2.6% from the previous year. The NHTSA data shows that deaths from distracted

driving and drowsy driving dropped. However road fatalities relating to reckless behaviour such as speeding, alcohol use and not wearing seat belts continued to increase. Of note is that motorcyclist and pedestrian deaths accounted for more than a third of the year-to-year increase. Overall, there were 3,450 distraction-related deaths, a drop of 2.2% and similarly, drowsy driving deaths fell by 3.5% to 803 fatalities. But drunk driving deaths increased by 1.7% to 10,497 fatalities and speeding-related deaths grew 4% to 10,111 fatalities, while unbelted deaths grew 4.6% to 10,428 fatalities. Motorcyclist deaths increased by 5.1% and hit 5,286 fatalities, the highest number since 2008. Pedestrian deaths were an even greater cause for concern as they grew 9% to 5,987 fatalities, the highest number since 1990. Cyclist deaths grew 1.3% to 840 fatalities, the highest number since 1991.

InterTraffic 20th - 23rd March 2018 Amsterdam RIAA/NZRF Conference and Exhibition 29 & 30 August 2018 Dubbo, NSW

NZTA/NZRF T 8 and T 12 The T 8 and T 12 applicator testing programme is a key component of industry self regulation. There is a .pdf version of the applicator certificates associated with each registration line.

The NHTSA is working closely with its state and local partners, law enforcement agencies, and the Road to Zero Coalition to help address the human choices that are linked to 94% of serious crashes. The NHTSA also continues to promote safe vehicle technologies that could reduce the number of crashes and save thousands of lives every year.

Industry News New Member Hi Brite NZ Ltd MGI Auckland Ltd Level 2, Fidelity House Carlton Gore Road Newmarket Auckland 1023 Contact Ian Cocoran Email Phone +61477753007

Upcoming Events ATSSA 48th Annual Convention and Traffic Expo 26th - 30th January 2018 San Antonio, Texas

These can be accessed via a hyperlink off the certificate registration number. The certificates include a photograph of the applicator. T 12 certificates include schedules setting out the scope of certification.

Newsletter December 2017