1) C. Marchetti - Anthropological Invariants in Travel Behavior | Personal travel is under the control of basic instincts rather than economic drivers - with a fixed travel budget of around an hour a day therefore city size tends to correlate directly to the speed of transport allowing movement.
2) Disruptive technology in the form of a high speed infrastructure network is introduced into the city system | The city is introduced to a new high speed movement network and the system moves into a new way of functioning (as a complex system this could happen - we cannot predict due to its complexity how a city will react to a disruptive change). The spatial equilibrium of the city to concentrate is tipped. The individual economic and social incentives of the occupants to concentrate dissolve.
3) Spatial equilibrium | Without an economic equilibrium holding the fabric of the city together the city disperses in to the landscape.
4) Infrastructure network | The infrastructure network ties the region (Switzerland) together. At 1200km/h its viable for any inhabitant to commute to any location in the country and back to their settlement within a 1hour travel budget.
5) Infrastructure node | An infrastructure node is introduced into the landscape
6) Planning and economic vacuum | The settlement without an economic spatial equilibrium, and planning control (incentivising concentration and spatial rigidness) is in the right condition to allow for a vernacular morphology to evolve - one based on optimal human / site engagement born from, and informed by bottom up rules of occupation.
7) Proximity to node | The settlement now presented with the right conditions is enabled to self order according to basic human rules of interaction and optimal engagement with place. Above optimal morphology for a proximity to node.
David Schwarzman Supervisor: A/Prof Paul Minifie
Itâ€™s 2050 in Switzerland and the introduction of a highspeed movement network into the city system has tipped it into dispersal.
8) Flatness | Self ordering morphology with optimal alignment with flatness of site + proximity to node.
9) Proximity to water | Self ordering morphology with optimal alignment with flatness of site + proximity to node + proximity to water.
The system change has allowed for a new type of urban morphology to evolve - a morphology which when removed from the economic and administrative forces of the city 10) Insolation | Self ordering morphology with optimal alignment with flatness of site + proximity to node + proximity to water + Insolation
has the capacity to engage with and express the localities of site and maintain a critical relevance to its inhabitants. While conventional urbanism is slow, hopelessly static and dependant (to its own detriment) on a specific time and place context - the informal urbanism in this system is emergent and self-organising. The relations between extreme topographies and highly constrained dimensions determine the location of buildings and flow of movement in a series of small local interactions which amalgamate to form a coherent whole. The resulting fabric is information rich -- a physical embodiment of the endogenous processes creating a legibility and semiology for its inhabitants. A layered and intricately organised fabric emerges with coherent and well defined spatial structures. A new model for human habitat is born.
11) Vegetation | Self ordering morphology with optimal alignment with flatness of site + proximity to node + proximity to water + insolation + relationship to natural vegetation as determined by the inhabitants of this settlement and their relationship to site.
NEW RURAL | THE LEGIBILITY OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL INVARIANTS IN THE FABRIC OF OUR SETTLEMENTS
12) Order without a plan | The morphology of the settlement contains a legibility. This legibility in its sense of order (without a plan) can be understood at the physical substrate of the inhabitants direct relationship to the landscape and their primary human dispositions.
13) Variation, intricacy, morphology | The settlement contains multiple levels of fabric variation across material scales. Informed by multiple overlapping site potentials and the inhabitants relationship to them it contains a intricacy and subtle variation in morphology. The fabric, the settlement morphology therefore contains a communicative capacity, its an expressive literal representation of the most basic human conditions and in its adaptive capacity is in continual equilibrium with the natural environment which supports them.
(CONNECTED TO A SUPER HIGH SPEED MOVEMENT NETWORK)