RUNNING RECORD ANALYSIS NOTATION SYSTEM 1) Mark every word read correctly with a check Rosie the hen went for a walk
2) Record an incorrect response with the text under it. Each SUBSTITUTION is scored as an error. V the V hen chicken V V V Rosie went for V a walk Rosie the hen went for a walk V V chicken V V hen
3) Record and omission with a dash over the omitted word. Each OMISSION is scored as an error. V Rosie
V V V V went for a walk the
4) Record insertions by writing the word on top and putting a dash beneath. Each INSERTION is scored as an error.
V V V V V V Rosie the hen went for a
5) A self-correction occurs when a child has made and error and corrects it. This selfcorrection is usually evidence that a child is cross-checking one set of cue against another. A self-correction is recorded by using the SC and is NOT considered and error. V V V V V V Rosie the hen went for a walk chicken/SC
6) A repetition is recorded with a line below the repeated segment of text but is NOT scored as an error. Repetitions may be demonstrations that a child is sorting out a point of some confusion, either because something did not make sense or was a difficult word or to gain fluency and meaning. A numeric superscript may be use to show multiple repetitions. V V V V V V Rosie the hen went for a walk R2
7) In a child hesitates for longer that 5 seconds because he or she has made an error and does not know how to correct it, or if the child stops and makes no attempts, he or she is told the word. This pause is coded with a T (for TOLD) on the bottom and scored as an error. V V V V VV Rosie the hen went for a walk hen T
8) If a child asks (A) for help, the teacher responds â€œTry somethingâ€? and wait 3-5 seconds for an attempt before telling the child the correct word. This strategy enables the teacher to observe what problem-solving strategies the child is likely to use when facing challenges in text. This is counted as an error.
V V V V V /A/ V Rosie the hen went for a walk
9 Re-reading is coded as and arrow indicating where the child re-read from. This is NOT counted as an error.
R V V V V V V V Rosie the hen went for a walk
LEVELS OF READING ANALYSIS Reading Level Independent: student can read the text by his/herself Instructional: student can read the text with some support Frustration: It is too hard to read, even with support
Word Recognition Accuracy (oral reading) 95-100% accuracy 94-90% accuracy 90-below