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Falls Church Virginia

Rick Hammond Soils 422


Why Falls Church? Although I grew up in Falls Church, I’ve never really known very much about it. It’s a city that has both bored me and intrigued me, and I’ve always wanted to know more. What is Falls Church all about, what exactly does it have to offer? I barely even know why the city is called Falls Church. Hopefully this project will allow me to answer questions like what history does this place have, what notable people lived here, who lives here now, what is there to do here, and how exactly Falls Church got its name. -Rick Hammond


Table of Contents 1) Demographics and Statistics

Pg. 1

2) Human History

Pg. 2

3) Orgin of Names

Pg. 7

4) People

Pg. 9

5) Natural History

Pg. 11

6) Geography

Pg. 20

7) Land-Use Patterns in County and Region

Pg. 23

8) Economy

Pg. 26

9) Quality of Life - Third Places

Pg. 27

10) Community Groups

Pg. 31

11) Communication

Pg. 33

12) Local Politics

Pg. 36

13) Education

Pg. 40

14) Health Care Facilities

Pg. 44

15) Needs, Challenges, and Problems

Pg. 45

16) Personal Commitment

Pg. 46


1 Demographics and Statistics


2 Human History Native American When John Smith arrived in Virginia, he travelled as far as he could up each one of the waterways recording as much about the Native American tribes as he could. Along the Potomac, in what would now be present day Fairfax County, was the home of the Tauxenent, Doeg, and Anacostan Tribes. All three of these tribes were Algonquian tribes and the Tauxenent and Doeg Tribes were members of the Powhatan Confederacy (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). The Powhatan Confederacy was a confederacy of Algonquian tribes united under the Leadership of Chief Wahunsunacock or Chief Powhatan. The Powhatan Confederacy streched along most of Virginia’s eastern coast, and is probably most well known for Chief Powhatan and his daughter Pocahontas. At some point in the 1600s the Tauxenent and Doeg Tribes switched allegiance from the Powhatan Confederacy to the Iroquois. All the tribes in the area farmed and hunted and lived in villages. Little is known about these tribes before European arrival, and as more Europeans arrived these tribes all decreased.

Settlement Historians believe that English colonists began settling the area as early as 1699 (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). These settlers choose the area around the intersection of two major indian trails. As the area grew in population these two trails became major trade routes for the area. Eventually a church was built at this intersection. It would become known as The Falls Church.


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The Falls Church The Falls Church was founded in 1734 by William Gunnell (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). The Falls Church was one of the first Anglican Churches in Northern Virginia at a time when the Church of England was trying to maintain religious control of the area. The church would become an important part of the community’s history and the City would eventually be named after it. Many influential people in the community attended The Falls Church. For Example, two of the first church vestryman were George Washington and George Mason (Gernand and Netherton, 2000); two important figures not only to Virginia history, but also to the history of the United States. As two of our nation’s founding fathers served at The Falls Church, it would then become in important location in the revolutionary war.

Photo Credit: The Falls Church

The Revolutionary War During the Revolutionary War, Falls Church became an important place for convincing the colonists of fighting for thier freedom. As mentioned earlier, George Mason and George Washington were both vestryman at The Falls Church, so they used thier positions within in the church and the community to recruit men to fight. George Washington would become the representative for all of Fairfax County, and then would obviously become the president of the United States. George Mason would go on to write the Virginia Declaration of Rights with James Madison, as well as the Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution. Thier were no known battles fought in the area during the Revolutionary War.

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Photo Credit: Wikipedia


War of 1812

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For sometime between the Revolutionary War and The War of 1812, Falls Church was within the boundaries of Washington, D.C. This led to many visits by leaders such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Thomas Jefferson even recommended the breakfast at one of the inns within the town (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). During the War of 1812, troops from Falls Church were present in trying to defend Washington, D.C from the British. These troops failed and Washington, D.C. was burned to the ground. When President James Madison and his wife Dolly fled the city that night, they ended up staying in Falls Church for protection. From Falls Church, people could see Washington burn (Gernand and Netherton, 2000).

The Civil War Falls Church has always been at the awkard point between the South and the North; never truely Southern, but yet too Southern to be Northern. There had always been a mix of Federalists and Anti-Federalists, and with the close the close proximity of the nations capitol came a mix of people and ideas from all over. In Falls Church and the rest of Northern Virginia, the debate was never really about Slavery, but rather State’s Rights. This led to a lot of debate and eventually it came time for the state of Virginia to decide whether or not to secede from the Union. Virginia put this up to a state wide vote. The state voted for secession, with Falls Church favoring secession 44-26 (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). Falls Church became a regional headquarters for the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. At the onset of the Civil War, Union Troops attacked in Manasas, Virginia only 23 miles from Falls Church. Manasas ended up being a big victory for the Confederacy and the city saw major traffic from Union Troops fleeing from the battle. After Bull Run, most of the action in the Cival War shifted South, but there was some other battles nearby. The other battles nearby were the Battle of Centerville and the Battle of Dranesville. Both were relatively unimportant battles in the war, but the Battle Photo Credit: Wikipedia of Centerville was a a victory for the Confederacy while the Battle of Dranesville was a Union victory (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). Falls Church also saw most of the big name Confederate leaders. Since the Army of Northern Virginia was based out of Fairfax County, Falls Church would have seen people like Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, J.E.B. Stuart, James Longstreet, and P. G. T. Beauregard.


Falls Church in the 50s Up until the 1950s, Falls Church had been a large town, surrounded by agriculture. With the post world war II population boom, there became a bigger need for housing. All of the farms and fields were converted into houses, and in 1956 the first shopping mall in the region opened up only three miles away in Seven Corners. Around this time, Falls Church also became an independent city. In 1948, Falls Church had grown pretty big, while most of Fairfax County was still rural. The residents ofFalls Church wanted better education for thier children, something that Fairfax County was not spending a lot of money on, so they formed thier own city. The 1950s also brought about the end of commuter rail access in Falls Church. The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad had run through the city since the 1860s, but it closed in 1951. Falls Church, would eventually get light rail when they got a Metro stop in 1986. This would connect the city to Washington, D.C. and the rest of the surrounding area.

Falls Church Today Falls Church has changed quite a bit in its 300 plus year history. It has grown much bigger. The economy has changed. There is no agriculture any more. However, a lot is the same. Falls Church has always brought in lots of different kinds of people with different ways of thinking and that is no different today. The area is incredibly diverse and incredibly creative. The past couple of years have been hard on the economy, but Falls Church will bounce back and end up in the fast track again.

Photo Credit: Bing Maps

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7 Orgin of Names County Fairfax County Fairfax County was named after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (Fairfax County Historical Society). Lord Fairfax was a large estate owner in what is now present day Fairfax County.

Cities and Towns Falls Church The city of Falls Church got its name from The Falls Church, an Anglican Church that was built at the intersection of two major Indian paths (Gernand and Netherton, 2000). The Falls Church was orginnially named after its founder, but in 1757 was renamed The Falls Church as it was at the intersection of the road leading to the little falls of the Potomac (Gernand and Netherton, 2000).

Bailey’s Crossroads Bailey’s Crossroads got its name from the Bailey Family. The Baileys moved from New York to Northern Virginia in the 1830s and started a Farm. They are also quite know for starting a travelling circus that would later merge with Ringling Brothers and P.T. Barnum Circus and would be called Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.

Seven Corners Seven Corners got its name from the seven cornered intersection that formed in the 1950s. It was caused by the construction of Arlington Boulavard.

Annandale William Fitzhugh named Annandale after the Scottish Village of the same name. The area was named in 1685.

Tysons Corner Tysons Corner got its name following the Civil War when William Tyson bought land there. Tyson became postmaster for the area and was an important community member.


Rivers and Waterbodies Potomac River The Potomac River is named after the Patawomeke tribe, a Native American tribe that lived along the Potomac. John Smith was the first person to name it this.

Lake Barcroft Lake Barcroft is named after Dr. John W. Barcroft a local doctor that also operated a mill in the area. He was an important community member.

Four Mile Run The stream was originally named Flour Mill Run, but the L’s faded off of the map, leading to the stream being named Four Mile Run.

Local Haunts Bunny Man Bridge Bunny Man Bridge, located in Burke, got its name from two incidents that took place in the 1970s. These incedents involved a man in bunny costume destorying property with an axe while yelling at people to stop trespassing. Over the years the actual story has been ignored and the urban legend about the bunny man has spread. This legend says that in 1904 a bus transporting prisoners from a local insane asylum tipped over. All of the prisoners escaped, but were later found, except one. Around this time, locals started finding rabbit carcasses hanging from trees, police began calling this man the Bunny Man and began a search for him. The Bunny Man was supposedly the same man that escaped from the asylum. He had been put in the asylum for killing his wife and kids on Easter Sunday. The police eventually caught up to the man, but before they could catch him he was hit by a train and killed. Now his ghost comes back every Halloween and hangs his victims from the bridge (Fairfax County Public Library).

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9 People Significant Groups of People Vietnamese Following the Vietnam War, a large amount of South Vietnamese refugees moved to the Falls Church area. These Vietnamese immigrants became an important part of the culture of Falls Church, mainly through thier food. In 1984, The Eden Center opened. The Eden Center is a Vietnamese shopping center located just outside the City of Falls Church. Eden Center houses about 120 stores, with most of them being restaraunts. Not only does it create a place for different cultures to come and experience food, but it also host events for traditional Vietnamese holidays such as Tet and the Moon Festival. Eden Center brings in people from all over the country and Falls Church considers it their #1 tourist destination. Eden Center is extremely important to not only the local Vietnamese community, but also to Asian communities from up and down the East Coast.

Salvadorans

Photo Credit: Eden Center

Like the Vietnamese, the Salvadoran community influences the Falls Church culture through thier food. Thier are numerous restaraunts catering in the cuisine of El Salvador. Unfortunatly, while most of the Salvadoran community is very friendly and active in Falls Church, they get a lot of bad press from the street gang Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13. MS-13 is a violent street gang that has become a problem in Falls Church in recent years. They unfortunaly have a lot of influence on the youth of the area.


Koreans Outside of Falls Church in nearby Annandale is a large Korean poulation. Most of the Korean Community in the area immigrated during the Korean War. The Korean community has a big influence on the culture of the area through thier food. Like the Vietnamese, they koreans also have a large shopping center. Unofficially called Koreatown, the “downtown� area of Annandale hosts over 1,000 owned Korean businesses. Many are restaraunts, but there are also accountants, banks, billiards, bookstores, churches, department stores, etc.

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11 Natural History Geology

Data Set: USGS


Soils Falls Church Soils

Data Set: NRCS

Codorus and Hatboro Soils Silty-Loam Soil that is prone to flooding.

Glenelg Silt Loam Hilltop and Sideslope soil that is highly susceptible to erosion

Kingstowne Sandy, Silty, and Clayey coastal soils that were mixed together through construction.

Meadowville Silt and Clay Loam alluvial soil.

Sumerduck Silty and Clayey alluvial soil.

Wheaton Loamy Soil weathered from granite bedrock. Most of the Falls Church area is man-made urban soil. This is a recent occurance in the last 60 years and before that most of the soil had been pretty productive agricultural soil. The natural soils that remain are not particurally great soil.

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Floodplains

13

Data Set: Fairfax County & USGS


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Forest Types and Plant Communities Forest Types The dominant forest type in the Falls Church area is the Red Oak - Mixed Hardwood Forest. This is characterized by Red Oaks and other hardwoods.

Characteristic Species - Canopy

Acer rubrum Red Maple

Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory

Fagus grandifolia American Beech

Liriodendron tulipfera Tulip Poplar

Liquidamber styraciflua Sweet Gum

Quercus alba White Oak

Quercus rubra Red Oak

Pinus strobus White Pine

Pinus virginiana Virginia Pine Photo Credit: USDA


15 Characteristic Species - Understory

Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry

Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam

Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud

Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood

Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel

Lindera benzoin Spicebush

Viburnum acerfolium Mapleleaf Viburnum

Viburnum dentatum Arrowwood Viburnum

Photo Credit: USDA


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Other Plant Communities

Other plant communities in the area include Wetlands, Riparian Communities, Meadows, Fallow Fields, but most of the area is ornamental landscape plantings. These are usually not native and most do not do a very good job of creating habitat.

Native Species Animals - Mammals Bats

Beaver

Black Bear

Bobcat

Coyote

Deer

Foxes

Groundhog

Raccoon

Squirrel

Skunk

Opossum

Photo Credit: Fairfax County


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Animals - Birds Crow

Blue Jay

Robin

Cardinal

Sparrow

Finch

Starling

Grackle

Cooper’s Hawk

Red-Tailed Hawk

Red-Shouldered Hawk

Owl

Invasive Species

Burning Bush Euonymus alatus

Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora

Privet Bradford Pear Ligustrum ovalifolium Pyrus calleryana

Japanese Barberry Autumn Olive Berberis thunbergii Elaeagnus umbellata

Pachysandra P. terminalis

Bamboo Photo Credit: Fairfax County


18 English Ivy Hedera helix

Oriental Bittersweet Honeysuckle Stiltgrass Celastrus orbiculatus Lonicera japonica Microstegium vimineum

Asian Wisteria Wisteria sinensis

Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima

Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata

Porcelain Berry

Mile-a-Minute Norway Maple Persicaria perfoliata Acer platanoides

Prevailing Winds and Weather Winds WashingtonNationalAP

DIR SPD PGU

Jan NNW 10 51

Feb NW 11 49

Mar NNW 11 55

Apr S 11 48

May S 10 60

Jun S 9 59

Jul S 9 63

Aug S 8 53

Sep S 9 54

Oct S 9 58

Nov S 10 59

Dec NW 10 56

Ann S 10 63

WashingtonDullesIAP

DIR SPD PGU

NW 8 52

NW 9 53

NW 9 58

NW 9 48

NW 7 59

NW 7 78

NW 6 56

NW 6 46

S 6 43

S 7 44

S 8 56

S 8 56

NW 7 78

Data Set: National Climatic Data Center

Weather

Graphs: City-Data


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Growing Season The average growing season for Fairfax County is May 1st until November 15th.

Plants Plant Name

Spring Planting

Fall Planting

Asparagus

Jan 15th - Mar 15th

Nov -Dec

Bean

Apr 1st - May 1st

July 15th - Aug 20th

Beet

Feb 15th - Ap 1st

Aug 1st - Sep 20th

Broccoli

Feb 15th - Mar 15th

Aug 1st - Sep 1st

Cabbage

Jan 15th - Mar 15th

Aug 15th - Oct 1st

Cantaloupe

Mar 25th - Apr 20th

Carrot

Jan 15th - Mar 20th

Aug 20th - Sep 15th

Cauliflower

Mar 1st - Apr 1st

Aug 1st - Sep 1st

Collard

Feb 1st - Mar 20th

Aug 1st - Oct 1st

Corn

Mar 15th - June 1st

June 1st - July 20th

Cucumber

Apr 1st - May 15th

Aug 20th - Sep 1st

Eggplant Kale

Apr 1st - May 15th

July 10th- 15th

Feb 1st - Mar 10th

Aug 10th - 30th

Lettuce

Jan 15th - Mar 1st

Sep 1st - Oct 1st

Mustard Okra Onion

Jan 15th - Apr 1st Apr 1st - June 1st Jan 15th - Mar 15th

Aug 20th - 30th June 15th - July 1st Sep 1st - Dec 31st

Peas

Jan 15th - Apr 1st

Pepper

Apr 1st - June 1st

Potato

Jan 15th - Apr 1st

Aug 1st - Aug 15th

Radish

Jan 15th - Apr 1st

Sep 1st - Oct 15th

Spinach

Jan 15th - Mar 15th

Sep 1st - Oct 15th

Squash Tomato Turnip Watermelon

Apr 1st - May 15th Mar 25th - May 1st Jan 15th - Apr 1st Mar 20th - May 1st

Aug 1st - 20th June 1st - Aug 10th Aug 10th - Sep 15th


20 Geography Rivers, Creeks, and Waterbodies

Lake Barcroft

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Data Set: USGS


Transportation Systems

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Railroads

The current railroads in the area, basically run along the same paths as the historical railways. The rail lines serve to connect people to different places and because of this the land use around the train stations has a much higher density than other areas. For example, the area around Metro stops tends to be more urban, this is because more people want easier access into D.C.

Data Set: Fairfax County


Roads

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The present day roads sit on the reamins of what used to be indian paths. Like the indian paths before them, people tend to live closer to intersections. This is because intersections tend to be the best place to open a business as one would be able to attract the most costumers passing by. People also prefer to live closer to thier work, so therefore these areas tend to be higher densities than the surronding area. Data Set: Fairfax County


23 Land-Use Patterns in County and Region Towns

Data Set: USGS


24 Farms There are no farms in Falls Church or even Fairfax County. Up until the 1950s Falls Church and Fairfax County were primarily rural and had lots of agriculture, but due to the Population and housing boom in the 1950s, most farm land was developed.

Mining There are no mines in Falls Church or even Fairfax County. Historically, there has only been one mine in the entire county. Bull Neck Mine, located in Falls Church, was a gold mine. There is little historical data about this mine, but mining it most likely operated between 1804 and 1942, by 1948 gold mining ceased.

Potential for Sprawl Falls Church and Fairfax County have a very high potential for sprawl. Sprawl has been occuring in the area since the 1950s and most of the area is suburban developments. This means that there is lots of impervious surfaces and the effect on the surronding environment is probably negative. Many developments are built in floodplains and lots of waterbodies do not have any buffer system. People in the area need to drive to get anywhere, and distance is measured not in miles but in minutes; a typically resident will say that it took 25-30 minutes to get to Tysons Corner.

Resource Trends For the past couple of decades the resource trends in the area have been strip malls, highway development, housing development, corporate campus development, and sprawl. The county builds lots of roads, people buy lots of cars, houses are built wherever they can fit, and everybody has at least one strip mall in a mile radious of thier home. Recently, the area has started to focus more on sustainability. Street trees are planted, community gardens are starting to crop up, more light rail and public transport is being created, and higher density mixed use buildings are being planned out. Hopefully in the next coming decades one will see these new trends implemented.


Forests

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As seen in the map above, Fairfax County has a decent amount of forest cover. The map says it is mostly Deciduous Forest, probably of the Red Oak - Mixed Hardwood forest community. Most of this forest cover is urban forest or parkland. It is also very fragmented, this means that it is most likely not good habitat. The forest cover in Fairfax County is not used for any commercial purposes.

Data Set: USGS


26 Economy Falls Church

Fairfax County

Top Employers 1) Falls Church Public Schools 2) City of Falls Church 3) Kaiser Permanente 4) Tax Analysts 5) Koon’s Ford and Nissan 6) BG Healthcare Services 7) Giant 8) Care Options 9) Don Beyer Volvo 10) Home Instead Senior Care As one can see from the data above, most jobs within Falls Church City are either Education, Government, Healthcare, and Auto Sales.

Top Employers 386 284 260 184 175 150 145 100 92 82

1) Fairfax County Public Schools 22,852 2) United States Government 17,370 3) Fairfax County 11,184 4) Booz Allen Hamilton 7,000 - 10,000 5) Inova Health System 7,000 - 10,000 6) SAIC 4,000 - 6,999 7) Freddie Mac 4,000 - 6,999 8) Northrop Grumman 4,000 - 6,999 9) George Mason University 4,000 - 6,999 10) Lockheed Martin 4,000 - 6,999 As one can see from the data above, most jobs within Fairfax County are either Education, Government, Healthcare, and Defense.

Falls Church and the surronding areas are major locations of United States Government Employees. With D.C. only 10 minutes away from Falls Church, many government workers choose to live there. The United States government employs people at nearby Ft. Meyers, Ft. Belvoir, The CIA Headquarters in Langley, and most of the Offices in D.C. Many other people in the area who don’t work directly with the United States Government, work in jobs that have high interaction with the them. These are jobs with defense contractors like Booz Allen Hamilton, Northrop Grumman, and Lockheed Martin. Other jobs with high government interaction would be with lobbying groups or non-profit associations. Jobs like these would be private sector, but also maintain high government interaction.


27 Quality of Life - Third Places Parks Fairfax County Parks

Fairfax County has 418 parks belonging to the Fairfax County Park Authority. These parks are very popular throughout the community, and most people have a Fairfax County Park nearby. Data Set: Fairfax County


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Disclaimer: The City of Falls Church is not responsible for loss, if any, resulting from the use of this map or related data.

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City of Falls Church Parks 1 Berman Park 2 Big Chimneys Park 3 Cavalier Trail Park 4 Cherry Hill Park 5 Crossman Park/Four Mile Run 6 Donald S. Frady Park 7 Fort Taylor Park 8 Lincoln Park 9 Madison Park 10 Roberts Park 11 West End Park 12 Howard E. Herman Stream Valley Park Tennis Courts 13 Cavalier Trail Park courts 14 Cherry Street Courts 15 Community Center Courts 16 George Mason High School Courts Community Center 17 Community Center/Senior Center/ Teen Center City Schools 18 George Mason High School 19 Mary Ellen Henderson Middle School 20 Mount Daniel Elementary School 21 Thomas Jefferson Middle School Cherry Hill Farm House 22 Cherry Hill Farm House

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Data Set: Fairfax County


Attractions

30

Most of the attraction in the area are accross the Potomac in Washington, D.C. In D.C. people can see the the monuments and memorials. They can go to the Smithsonian museums. They can go to the zoo. They can just hang out in the city. Being close to a large city is both a postive and a negative, positve in that one can leach off of the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s culture, but a negative in that they lose a lot of thier own culture.

Annual Events 1) Easter Egg Hunt 2) Art Show 3) Civil War Day 4) Memorial Day Festival and Parade 5) Tinner Hill John Jackson Blues Festival 6) Independence Day Fireworks Celebration 7) Summer Concerts in the Park 8) Sunset Cinema 9) Fall Festival and Taste of Falls Church 10) Farm Day 11) Halloween Carnival 12) Veterans Day Ceremony 13) Civil War Thanksgiving 14) Holiday Craft Show 15) Middle School All Night New Yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Eve Bash 16) Watch Night

Festivals Memorial Day Festival and Parade For 30 years the Falls Church Community has been gathering on Memorial Day for festivities and a parade. The gathering has live entertainment, a 3k fun run, contests, food and craft vendors, and a lively parade. Tinner Hill John Jackson Blues Festival The festival celebrates the forming of the first rural branch of the NAACP. It features a wide variety of music, traditional African cuisine, craft vendors, and an awards ceremony.


31 Community Groups Business in Education Partnership The Business in Education Partnership is a partnership between the Falls Church City Public Schools and the local business community. They work with schools and related organizations to develop a meaningful school- business partnership

Cherry Hill Farmhouse Cherry Hill Farmhouse is a historic farmhouse and barn that also serves as a park for the community. They host many events throughout the year.

Falls Church Arts They are a nonprofit, community arts organization that promotes functional and fine art as well as the preforming arts.

Falls Church Chamber of Commerce The Falls Church Chamber of Commerce represents and promotes the life of the community as well as the voice for business.

Falls Church Department of Environmental Services They provide expertise in recycling, waste management, and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed to the community.

Falls Church Education Foundation Falls Church Education Foundationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mission is to ensure that the students are prepared to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Falls Church Victorian Society Promotes the Victorian heritage of the City of Falls Church.


FIRSTFriday

32

FIRSTFriday brings people together to view local artwork, learn about the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history, and shop and dine in downtown Falls Church.

Homestretch Homestretch helps the homeless by teaching them the skills, knowledge, and hope they need to become productive community members

Lions Club of Falls Church The Lions Club of Falls Church recycles eyeglasses and then provides new eyeglasses and hearing aids to members of the community

Relay For Life Nationwide event where people join together to relay to stop cancer and support community members who have been affected by it.

Tinner Hill Heritage Foundation Tinner Hill Heritage Foundation works to honer the work of African-Americans who risked thier lives and livelihood to fight racial segragation.

Village Preservation and Improvement Society The Village Preservation and Imporovement Society was founded in 1885. They work to improve the natural and built environment, preserve historic landmarks and open space, and sponser cultural activities. They also provides grants for projects and programs in the community.


33 Communication Newspapers Daily

Weekly

Headquartered Nearby

All Above Listed


34

Radio (FM)

WAMU 88.5 - Public Radio

WPFW 89.3 - Jazz

WCSP 90.1 - C-SPAN

WETA 90.9 - Classical

WGTS 91.9 - Christian

WKYS 93.9 - Urban

WQZK 94.1 - Classic Rock

WARW 94.7 - Top 40

WIKZ 95.1 - 80s, 90s, Today

WPGC 95.5 - Urban

WASH 97.1 - Soft Rock

WMZQ 98.7 - Country


35

Radio (FM Continued)

EL ZOL 99.1 - Spanish

WFLS 93.3 - Country

WIHT 99.5 - Top 40

WBIG 100.3 - Oldies

WWDC 101.1 - Rock

WBQB 101.5 - Top 40

WUSQ 102.5 - Country

WTOP 103.5 - News

WPRS 104.1 - Urban Gospel

WJFK 106.7 - Sports

WARM 106.9 - Soft Rock

WRQX 107.3 - 80s, 90s, Today


36 Local Politics Local City Council

Mayor Nader Baroukh

Council Member Johannah Barry

Vice Mayor David F. Snyder

Council Member Robin S. Gardner

Council Member Ron Peppe

Council Member Ira Kaylin

Council Member Lawrence Webb


37

County Supervisors

Providence Distric Linda Smyth Democrat

Dranesville District John Foust Democrat

Mason District Penny Gross Democrat


38

State House of Delegates

38th District Kaye Kory Democrat

49th District Adam Ebbin Democrat

53rd District James Scott Democrat

32nd District Janet Howell Democrat

35th District Richard Saslaw Democrat

Virginia State Senate

31st District Mary Whipple Democrat


39

Federal House of Representatives

8th District Congressman Jim Moran Democrat

11th District Congressman Gerry Connolly Democrat

Senator Jim Webb Democrat

Senator Mark Warner Democrat

Senate


40 Education High School J.E.B Stuart J.E.B Stuart High School is located in suburban Falls Church. It is fed into by Ellen Glasgow Middle School and Edgar Allan Poe Middle School. Enrollment is at 1,859 students. Stuart is 40.76% Hispanic, 27.53% White, 18.10% Asian, 10.00% Black, and 3.61% Other. The school is very diverse and was featured in National Geographic Magazine for its diversity. Falls Church High School is thier rival.

Falls Church Falls Church High School is located in suburban Falls Church. It is fed into by Luther Jackson Middle School and Edgar Allan Poe Middle School. Enrollment is at 1,388 students. Falls Church is 44.16% Hispanic, 25.42% White, 18.73% Asian, and 7.71% Black. J.E.B Stuart High School is thier rival.

George Mason George Mason High School is located in suburban Falls Church. It is fed into by Mary Ellen Henderson Middle School. Enrollment is at 844 students. George Mason is 73% White, 11.6% Asian, 9% Hispanic, 6.2% Black, and 0.1% Other. George Mason does not have an offical rivalry.


41 Thomas JeďŹ&#x20AC;erson Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology is the magnet school for Fairfax County. Enrollment is at 1,812 students. Thomas Jefferson is 46.38% Asian, 43.63% White, 3.84% Hispanic, 3.73% Other, and 2.42% Black. U.S. News and World Report ranks Thomas Jefferson among the best in the country and in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011 they ranked them the best High School in the nation.

Annandale Annandale High School is located in suburban Annandale. It is fed by Oliver Wendall Holmes Middle School, Edgar Allan Poe Middle School, and Robert Frost Middle School. Enrollment is at 2,257 students. Annandale is 31.90% Hispanic, 25.84% White, 24.46% Asian, 15.55% Black, and 2.26% Other. Lake Braddock Secondary School, West Springfield High School, and W.T. Woodson High School are thier rivals.

Wakefield Wakefield High School is located in suburban Arlington. Enrollment is 1,364 students. Wakefield is 44.2% Hispanic, 28.9% Black, 15.3% White, and 11.1% Asian. Washington - Lee High School and Yorktown High School are thier rivals. President Barack Obama gave a speech at Wakefield in 2009.


42

Washington - Lee

Washington - Lee High School is located in suburban Arlington. Washington - Lee is fed by Swanson Middle School and Kenmore Middle School. Enrollment is at 2,030 students. Washington - Lee is 40.9% White, 32.6% Hispanic, 13.3% Black, 12.9% Asian, and 0.1% American Indian. Wakefield High School and Yorktown High School are thier rivals.

Yorktown Yorktown High School is located in suburban Arlington. Enrollment is at 1,748 students. Yorktown is 67.8% White, 15.6% Hispanic, 8.7% Asian, 7.4% Black, and 0.1% American Indian. Washington - Lee High School and Wakefield High School are thier rivals.

College George Mason George Mason University is a public university in suburban Fairfax. The university has 33,320 students, with 20,157 undergrads and 12,405 graduate students. Mason has strong programs in Economics, Law, Creative Writing, and Computer Science. George Mason Faculty have won the Nobel Prize in Economics twice.


Northern Virginia Community College

43

Northern Virginia Community College, or NOVA, is a six campus public community college. NOVA has around 75,000 students. They have campuses in Alexandria, Annandale, Loudoun, Manassas, Springfield, and Woodbridge. NOVA has partnerships with many of the Virginia Universities that allow for students to get automatically accepted if they graduate with a certain GPA. These partnerships are with George Mason University, University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, Old Dominion University, and Longwood University. They also have partnerships with American University, Georgetown University, Trinity University, Washington University, George Washington University, West Virginia University, Slippery Rock University, and the University of Missouri. They are also known in the area for thier catchy jingle; “Nothern Virginia Community College, you can have the power, you can have the knowledge; knowledge now! If you know NOVA, you know high tech with a personal touch, that’s the connection that always means so much. Todays dreams, tommorows realities. NOVA Knowledge Now!”.


44 Health Care Facilities Inova Fairfax Hospital The closest hospital to Falls Church happens to be one of the best in the country. Inova Fairfax is located in Falls Church and is the flagship hospital of the Inova Health System. Inova Fairfax is an 833 bed hospital that houses Northern Virginiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s only Level 1 Trauma Center. It is one of the only community hospitals in the nation that offers a full specturm of organ transplantation. It is also in the top 50 best hospitals for gastrointestinal disorders, gynecology, heart, and heart surgery. They offer services like general medical and surgical care, general intensive care, cardiac intensive care, cardiology department, open-heart surgery, neurology department, pediatric medical and surgical care, pediatric intensive care, obstetrics, orthopedics department, emergency department, trauma center, and oncology. They are also the only childrens hospital in Northern Virginia. Basically, if someone got hurt in Falls Church, they would not be far away from one of the best hospitals in the Nation.

Photo Credit: VCU

Inova Health Systems Other than Inova Fairfax, Inova Health Systems also operates hospitals in the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, and Lorton as well as the Arlington and Loudoun Counties. They are a mix of outpatient services, assisted living, long-term care facilities, and health centers. Healthcare is not far away for the residents of Falls Church and Fairfax County.


45 Needs, Challenges, and Problems

The Falls Church area is a great place to live but it does have a couple of problems that could be fixed. The first problem is crime. Small crime in the area is pretty low, but organized crime is a problem. Salvadoran gang MS-13 is a huge source of crime and violence in the area. They are known to use machetes on people they have a problem with and thier gang initiantion involves stabbing a stranger in a parking lot. Acts like these are not extremely common, but MS-13 also is one of the major drug suppliers to the area. Other gangs include the Vietnamese mafia had been operating a gambling ring out of the Eden Center and the Underground Crips Gang that was prostituting out underage high school girls. Other than gangs, drug use is also a problem, especially among the local youth. Growing up in the suburbs one feels bored and constricted and for a lot of teens and young adults in the area, drugs are the only fun activity to do. Another big problem is sprawl. The area around Falls Church is already extremely sprawled out. They understand how much of a problem this has become and they are trying to fix it by boosting higher density living options and mixing uses together. Roadside dumping is also a problem in the area. People throw lots of trash off of major roadways. Nobody gets around to cleaning it and eventually people do not notice any more and they in turn begin dumping on roadsides.


46 Personal Commitment To increase my sense of place and make Falls Church a better place I will start getting more involved in my community. I will volunteer with local groups more often. I will get involved with community gardens and offer my skills as a landscape architecture student to try to design solution to the community. I will eat at local restaraunts instead of eating at big chains and I will frequent downtown Falls Church and shop at the local store. I will walk instead of drive when possible and I will try to utilize public transport. I will go to Farmerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Markets and I will try to bring some local agriculture into the area. I will buy local foods and drink local beers, even though they cost a little bit more. I will use the parks more as well as other resources that the community provides. I will also convince other people to start doing these things so that they too can convice people. I will support local music and I will have a sense of pride in my community. The next time someone asks where Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m from I will say Falls Church, Virginia; not D.C., not Northern Virginia. I will also encourage people to learn more about Falls Church, whether thier from there or not. I will be an inhabitant and not a resident...


47 Bibliography 1) Bradley E. Gernand and Nan Netherton, Falls Church—A Virginia Village Revisited. Virginia Beach: The Donning Company, 2000 2) Wayne Clark & Helen Rountree, “The Powhatans and the Maryland Mainland,” in Powhatan Foreign Relations, 1500–1722 (Univ. Press of Virginia, 1993) 3) Falls Church, Virginia Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2009 4) “The Historical Society of Fairfax County Virginia”. Fairfax County Historical Society 5) Vardi, Nathan “America’s Richest Counties”, Forbes, April 11, 2011 6) “Eden Center.” Eden Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://edencenter.com>. 7) “The Vegetable Garden: Zones 7-8 Planting Schedule.” The Vegetable Garden: All About The Garden. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://www.thevegetablegarden.info/ resources/planting-schedules/zones-7-8-planting-schedule>. 8) “City of Falls Church Special Events.” City of Falls Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://www.fallschurchva.gov/content/government/departments/recparks/events/ default.aspx>. 9) “City of Falls Church Parks.” City of Falls Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http:// www.fallschurchva.gov/Content/Government/Departments/RecParks/Parks/default. aspx>. 10) “The Lake Barcroft Story | Lake Barcroft.” Homepage | Lake Barcroft. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://www.lakebarcroft.org/about/>. 11) “Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping - Chesapeake Bay Watershed.” U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services. 12) United State Census 13) Wikipedia.org 14) City-data.com/

Falls Church VA Sense of Place  

Soils 422 Project

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