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RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments


DESIGNING FOR THE PEOPLE Though space exploration involves high level of techonological necessities, human factors are as important to consider in the design process. Thus, our goal is to not only include necessary components, but also empathize and design for the needs of people.


DESIGN GUIDELINES Define smallest credible MAV cabin Support a 16-hours to 5-day mission Accomodate 4 astronauts Store 250 kg Martian samples Support necessary mission equipments Accomodate 99th percentile male


IDEATION


CONCEPT 1 MAV X

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

CONCEPT 2 IOTA 5


MAV X


DIMENSIONS + VOLUME Top

Total volume 9,096,820 cubic cm (555,122 cubic in)

The asymmetrical exterior form minimizes dead space and optimizes accessibility of modules within the MAV.

268 cm

250 cm

Side

Front

222 cm

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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HATCHES Exit Hatch

Entrance Hatch Astronauts enter from the side hatch, which hinges inwards. Pilot and commander enter first to the front seats, while mission specialists load the samples in the lower stowage. Exit Hatch In case of system failure, a window is located right above the pilot and commander for them to dock manually. Then they exit from the top hatch.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

Window

Entrance Hatch

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HATCHES

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FRONT SECTION

Control Panel

Joystick

Pilot and Commander Seats

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PILOT AND COMMANDER SEATING

Foldable front seats maximize walking space when the pilot and commander are first entering the MAV. They are seated directly in front of the control panel with the joystick in between the seats.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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PILOT AND COMMANDER SEATING

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CONTROL PANEL

Control panel components are centralized within reach of the pilot and commander. The panel design references the new Orion 3-screen set-up — an improvement from the initial 2,000 button control design.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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JOYSTICK

Collapsible joystick panel

maximizes space when the pilot and commander are

entering the MAV and when it is not in use.

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JOYSTICK

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BACK SECTION

Mission Specialist Seats Sample Stowage

Urine Hose Toilet

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

Trash

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SAMPLE STOWAGE

Mission specialists load the Martian samples — packaged in 6 fabric bags — into the lower stowage space below the back seats. Volume of each sample bag 37,752 cubic cm (2303.8 cubic in)

Total volume of Martian Sample 226,512 cubic cm (13822.6 cubic in)

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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SAMPLE STOWAGE

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MISSION SPECIALIST SEATS

Elevated back seats allow mission specialists to look over the front seats and see the control screens as well.

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TOILET

A separate toilet system with retractable curtains allows for comfort and privacy.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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UPPER SECTION

Accessible Space

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

Necessary Components

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REQUIRED VOLUMES

Cabin Interface Electronic systems are paneled up, while “miscellaneous” and food section is strapped by nylon belts.

PLSS Umbilical

Water Tank

Misc.

Food

Water Subsystem Pressure Control

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FOOD CONTAINERS

Daily food quantity is rationed in each of the 5 food containers — 1 box for each day, enough for a 5-day mission.

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LIGHTING 3 long strips of lighting located at the edge of the top stowage to bounce light off the interior walls, providing maximum lighting. Color Adjustment Colors affect the melatonin production of the brain, which influences alertness and sleepiness. Blue light Keep the astronauts awake in moments of concentration. Red light Conduct better sleep for the astronauts.

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SLEEPING BAGS

Nylon light-weight sleeping bags are stored underneath the front seat stowage. To sleep in space, astronauts unroll the sleeping bags and hook them onto the interior wall.

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SLEEPING BAGS

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CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

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FULL-SCALE CARDBOARD + QUARTER-SCALE MODEL

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FINAL CONSTRUCTION

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MAV X FAMILY

Ken Chen

Stacy Chiou

Benjamin Hunt

Emily Kao

Pezanne Khambatta

Jessica Lin

Soobin Min

Iris Xia


RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

IOTA

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DIMENSIONS (UNIT: METER) TOP VIEW

total volume 8.7m 3

2.33 m

SIDE VIEW

FRONT VIEW

2.14 m

3.14 m RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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ENDCAP OVERVIEW TOP VIEW

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CONSOLE umbilical cord attachments screens

joystick and controls

The console unit consists of the retractable displays, umibilcal connecters and food/ water access. In addition, standard flight, navigation and other MAV systems controls are integrated into accessible zones.

water spout

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

food storage

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SEATS

TOP VIEW

The seats are placed at the two ends facing the center at an angle to conform the curved profile of the exterior shell, whilst ensuring astronaut comfort.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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COMMANDER AND PILOT OPERATIONAL SEQUENCE

Screen is hinged above astronauts

Extension is initiated through pulling on the handle

The display retracts through pushing the handle back

Buttons, switches and controls are all located within easy reach of astronauts hands during launch and orbit.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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CORE OVERVIEW TOP VIEW

SIDE VIEW

The core section houses the bulk of the mav systems such as electronics, life support and sample stowage. Space is optimised through modular and standardized forms.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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HATCH

TOP VIEW

hatches closed

The hatch placement is optimised for movement during ingress and egress. The design is based on the assumption that pilot and commander will be the first to be seated whilst mission specialists will move about performing various duties.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

both hatches open

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SAMPLES BAG

The sample bag is a standarised form that can be fit into any of the stowage containers. It offers thermal insulation and shock protection whilst preserving flexibility in the various samples that will be stowed.

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

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MISSION SPECIALISTS OPERATIONAL SEQUENCE

Astronauts enter MAV

Sample bag fits snuggly into container

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

Loading samples on bottom storage

Ready to go!

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TOP VIEW

BATHROOM toilet (solid waste)

hose (liquid waste)

fecal storage

curtain

The placement of waste management is optimised for accessibility whilst retaining privacy in a confined environment.

recessed handles

QUARTER SCALE MODEL RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

CURTAIN 41


SLEEPING BAG

SIDE VIEW

TOP VIEW

Sleeping bags will attach onto handles

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

HANDLE PLACEMENT

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LIGHTING + HANDLES

LIGHTING PLACEMENT

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

The lighting is distributed through two types of lights: the long ‘bar’ that stretches the length of the core section which provides ambient light and the spotlights in the endcap section which ensure astronauts can clearly see their controls.

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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PROCESS

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IOTA FAMILY

MICHAEL LYE PROFESSOR

JEREMY BASS RISD ID GRAD

SUNGWHA KANG RISD ID 2017

MINJU KIM RISD ID 2017

RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN Design for Extreme Environments 2016

ROBERT WANG RISD ID 2017

SAVANNA LI RISD ID 2017

AZLEE YU RISD ID 2017

KENTA KONDO BROWN ENG 2017

MEGAN VALANID RISD ID GRAD

JIHYO KIM RISD ID 2017

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THANK YOU Jeremy Bass

Pezanne Khambatta

Soobin Min

Ken Chen

Ji Hyo Kim

Robert Wang

Stacy Chiou

Minju Kim

Megan Valanidas

Ben Hunt

Kenta Kondo

Iris Xia

Sung Wha Kang

Savanna Li

Azlee Yu

Emily Kao

Jessica Lin


SPECIAL THANKS Michael Lye Antonio Papania-Davis

NASA

Crew HI-SEAS Mission 4

Rhode Island Space Grant

Friends

Robert Howard

Christiane Heinicke

Nancy Ciminelli

Althea Fyfe

Kara Beaton

Sheyna Gifford

Steven Chappell

Andrzej Stewart

Omar Bekdash

Cyprien Verseux

Nathan Howard

Tristan Bassingthwaighte

Mike Gernhardt

Carmel Johnston

Peter Schultz

Museum of Natural History

Max Reice Carmen Schweizer ShadĂŠ Butt

RenĂŠe Gamba

Precision Laser Bud Sagal

Planetary Data Center Peter Neivert

And the RISD ID community for letting us take over the 5th floor to finish this project!

RISD - NASA Mars Ascent Vehicle  

A collaboration between RISD and NASA's Johnson Space Center

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