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1 October 2013 Last updated at 03:15 ET

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US begins shutdown amid budget row • Latest


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Who's affected 60-sec explainer Q&A Mardell Economy

Please turn on JavaScript. Media requires JavaScript to play. What does shutdown mean for two million federal employees, agencies and tourist destinations? Continue reading the main story

US budget row • • • •

Who is affected Q&A Mardell analysis Impact

The US government has begun a partial shutdown after the two houses of Congress failed to agree a budget. The Republican-led House of Representatives insisted on delaying Mr Obama's healthcare reform - dubbed Obamacare - as a condition for passing a bill. More than 800,000 federal employees face unpaid leave with no guarantee of back pay once the deadlock is over. It is the first partial shutdown in 17 years. The economic impact will depend on how long the deadlock lasts, but Goldman Sachs estimates a three-week shutdown could shave as much as 0.9% from US GDP this quarter. Continue reading the main story

“Start Quote Some Republicans have decided the House, and the House alone, embodies 'the will of the people' - and the people hate 'Obamacare'. They know it is so, not because of the rather indecisive opinion polls, but because the people in their district and on talk radio tell them so.” End Quote Mark Mardell North America editor • Read more from Mark


• Who will be affected • US shutdown in 60 seconds • Q&A: Budget brawl With less than one hour to go before midnight, the Republican-led House called for a conference - a bipartisan committee with the Senate - to try to thrash out a deal, but Democrats said it was too late to avoid a shutdown. The White House's budget office began notifying federal agencies to begin an "orderly shutdown" as midnight approached. One of the first casualties of the shutdown was the Twitter account for the US Capitol. "Due to a lapse in government funding, this account will not be active until further notice," it posted. Earlier it had warned that the Capitol's visitors' centre would be closed if the shutdown went ahead, and all tours would be suspended. Shortly after midnight, President Obama tweeted: "They actually did it. A group of Republicans in the House just forced a government shutdown over Obamacare instead of passing a real budget." House Speaker John Boehner told reporters he hoped the Senate would accept an offer of conference with the House "so we can resolve this for the American people". "The House has voted to keep the government open but we also want basic fairness for all Americans under Obamacare," he said. The Senate is to meet again at 09:30 (13:30 GMT) on Tuesday, Democratic Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said. The BBC's Mark Mardell in Washington says the divide in US politics has grown so bitter that government itself cannot function.


Continue reading the main story • State department will be able to operate for limited time • Department of defence will continue military operations • Department of education will still distribute $22bn (£13.6bn) to public schools, but staffing is expected to be severely hit • Department of energy - 12,700 staff expected to be sent home, with 1,113 remaining to oversee nuclear arsenal • Department of health and human services expected to send home more than half of staff • The Federal Reserve, dept of homeland security, and justice dept will see little or no disruption • US Postal Services continue as normal • Smithsonian institutions, museums, zoos and many national parks will close • Source: Washington Post Obama address

Please turn on JavaScript. Media requires JavaScript to play. Obama told members of the military: "You and your families deserve better" On Monday afternoon, the Democratic-led Senate voted 54-46 against a bill from House Republicans that would have funded the government only if President Obama's healthcare law was delayed for a year. The US stock market dropped amid fears of political deadlock, although analysts say serious damage to the economy is unlikely unless the shutdown lasts for more than a few days. Early on Monday evening, President Obama went on national television to criticise Republicans for trying to refight the last election. A shutdown would have "a very real economic impact on real people, right away," he said, adding it would "throw a wrench" into the US recovery. "The idea of putting the American people's hard-earned progress at risk is the height of irresponsibility, and it doesn't have to happen."

Please turn on JavaScript. Media requires JavaScript to play. Engineers with the US Navy talk to the BBC about what they will do during a shutdown: Make skis After the Senate vote, the chamber's Democratic majority leader blamed Republicans for the imminent halt to all non-essential government operations. "It will be a Republican government shutdown, pure and simple," said Harry Reid, referring to the Republicans as "bullies".


The defence department has advised employees that uniformed members of the military will continue on normal duty, but that large numbers of civilian workers will be told to stay home. The House then passed another bill on Monday evening to fund the government - but with a one-year delay to one of the health law's primary elements not due to begin on 1 October, the individual mandate. The Senate again rejected the Obamacare provisions with less than three hours before the deadline.

Please turn on JavaScript. Media requires JavaScript to play. John Boehner: "I would hope the Senate would accept our offer" Major portions of the healthcare law, which passed in 2010 and has been validated by the US Supreme Court, are due to take effect on Tuesday regardless of whether there is a shutdown. Under the shutdown, national parks and Washington's Smithsonian museums will close, pension and veterans' benefit cheques will be delayed, and visa and passport applications will go unprocessed. Programmes deemed essential, such as air traffic control and food inspections, will continue. On Monday evening, President Obama signed legislation ensuring that military personnel would be paid. The US government has not undergone a shutdown since 1995-96, when services were suspended for a record 21 days. Republicans demanded then-President Bill Clinton agree to their version of a balanced budget.

Please turn on JavaScript. Media requires JavaScript to play. Democrat Jim McGovern told Republicans: "You own this" After weeks of negotiation, they reached a compromise similar to what was discussed prior to the shutdown. As lawmakers grappled with the latest shutdown, the 17 October deadline for extending the government's borrowing limit looms even larger. On that date, the US government will reach the limit at which it can borrow money to pay its bills, the socalled debt ceiling. House Republicans have also demanded a series of policy concessions - including on the president's health law and on financial and environmental regulations - in exchange for raising the debt ceiling.


More on This Story US budget row •

Who is affected

Q&A

Mardell analysis

Impact

In 60 seconds Watch

Obama message Watch

Boehner: 'Let's talk it through' Watch

Moment deadline came Watch

Background

Video


From other news sites • Mirror.co.uk U.S. government begins "shutdown" amid row over budget 1 hr ago • Financial Times* US government to start shutting agencies 1 hr ago • MSN UK US government in partial shutdown 1 hr ago • Bangladesh Daily Star US begins government shutdown as budget deadline passes 1 hr ago • Reuters UK U.S. government shutdown begins as deadlock persists 1 hr ago • About these results * May require registration or subscription

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