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6 September 2013 Last updated at 03:14 ET
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G20 'divided' on Syria as Power criticises Russia • Latest • War-weary US • What we know
• Gorbachev interview • Readers' views
Syria conflict • • • •
US hurdles Obama tactics UN sidelined? Key questions
G20 leaders remain divided over the Syrian conflict as they enter the final day of their Russian summit. Italian PM Enrico Letta said the splits were confirmed during a working dinner in St Petersburg on Thursday. A spokesman for the Russian presidency said a US strike on Syria would "drive another nail into the coffin of international law". At the UN, the US ambassador accused Russia of holding the Security Council hostage by blocking resolutions. Continue reading the main story
Analysis Steve Rosenberg BBC News, St Petersburg With the US looking increasingly isolated over Syria, Vladimir Putin will be satisfied with the way the G20 is going. He has made no secret of his opposition to US military intervention. From what world leaders have said over the last 24 hours, he will assume Moscow's message has been getting through. From China to the EU to the Vatican, the message is clear: there can be no military solution to the Syrian conflict. Curiously, President Putin's spokesman has suggested the G20 is "split down the middle" over Syria. He said some countries were demanding "hasty action", while others stressed the importance of the UN Security Council. Yet opponents of urgent military action appear to far outnumber supporters at the summit. • Obama's tactics to convince Congress • US hurdles to military intervention
• Q&A: Threatened strike on Syria • Chemical attacks: What we know Samantha Power said the Security Council was no longer a "viable path" for holding Syria accountable for war crimes. The US government accuses President Bashar al-Assad's forces of killing 1,429 people in a poison-gas attack in the Damascus suburbs on 21 August. The UK says scientists at the Porton Down research laboratories have found traces of sarin gas on cloth and soil samples. But Mr Assad has blamed rebels for the attack. China and Russia, which have refused to agree to a Security Council resolution against Syria, insist any action without the UN would be illegal. The US and France are the only nations at the G20 summit to commit to using force in Syria. The United Nations says it needs another $3.3bn (£2bn) to deal with the Syrian refugee crisis up to the end of this year. 'Divisions confirmed' Ms Power told a news conference in New York: "Even in the wake of the flagrant shattering of the international norm against chemical weapons use, Russia continues to hold the council hostage and shirk its international responsibilities. "What we have learned, what the Syrian people have learned, is that the Security Council the world needs to deal with this crisis is not the Security Council we have." US President Barack Obama is thought to be trying at the G20 summit to build an international coalition to back strikes against military targets in Syria. Continue reading the main story
“Start Quote What could prove poisonous for the president, is a much stronger anti-war mood among Republican politicians and their natural supporters” End Quote Mark Mardell North America editor • Read more from Mark But differences of opinion became obvious when world leaders - including Mr Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin - discussed Syria over dinner on Thursday evening. The Italian prime minister said in a tweet that "the G20 has just now finished the dinner session, at which the divisions about Syria were confirmed".
President Putin's press spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, said after the dinner that the G20 was split down the middle, with some countries seeking hasty action and others wanting the US to go through the UN Security Council. British sources say the leaders of France, Turkey, Canada and the UK gave strong backing to President Obama's call for military action. The UK Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne said the Turks put a "very strong argument about how the world must respond to the use of chemical weapons". But correspondents in St Petersburg say opponents of US military intervention appear to far outnumber supporters within the G20. And the BBC's Bridget Kendall says the views of the G20 leaders on any US action could be the least of Mr Obama's worries, as his real difficulties might lie back in the US. Continue reading the main story
What is the G20? • Formed in 1999, the "group of 20" comprises the 19 leading national economies, plus the EU • The 2008 financial crisis and the rapid rise of China, India and Brazil has led the G20 to replace the G8 as principal global economic forum • Leaders generally meet annually, with several other lower-level meetings each year President Obama was nearly an hour late for Thursday's G20 dinner. His aides said he had been trying to find time during the summit to call US members of Congress, who are due to vote next week on whether to back Mr Obama's call for a military strike. Mr Obama also cancelled a trip to California on Monday in order to lobby Congress, as a poll commissioned by the BBC and ABC News suggested more than one-third of Congress members were undecided whether or not to back military action. A majority of those who had made a decision said they would vote against the president. Syria's parliamentary speaker has written to the speaker of the House of Representatives urging members not to rush into an "irresponsible, reckless action". Aid for Syria The United Nations is appealing for more aid for the estimated two million Syrians who have fled their country. Another 4.25 million are internally displaced. The UN humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, told the BBC that donor countries should "look again" at their contributions and be "as generous as they can".
UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced on Friday that the UK would give an additional ÂŁ52m ($80m) in aid for Syria - much of which will go towards medical training and equipment to help civilians targeted by chemical attacks. Some analysts say Mr Cameron has been sidelined at the summit because the UK parliament has already voted against military strikes. A senior Russian aide reportedly dismissed Britain as "just a small island: no-one pays any attention to them" - comments later denied by Mr Peskov. Meanwhile, former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev told the BBC that Mr Obama and Mr Putin should meet in order to find a solution to the Syrian conflict. "They must strike up a conversation that will lead to the improvement of relations and stop the things which are happening now," he said. The Assad regime has been accused of using chemical weapons against Syrian civilians on several occasions during the 30-month conflict. Some 100,000 people have died in the two-and-a-half-year-old conflict, according to the UN.
More on This Story Syria conflict Features and analysis
President Obama has called on Congress to authorise US military action in Syria. Here is how the resolution will get to his desk - or fail.
'Chemical attacks': What we know
What our readers say
Video and audio •
Syria Russia ties 'still firm' Watch
The BBC's Jeremy Bowen reports from Damascus as the Syria Russia relationship comes under the spotlight ahead of a G20 summit in St Petersburg. •
G20 leaders divided on Syria debate Watch
Moment Senate panel approved force Watch
Guide to conflict
Guide to how anti-government protests in Syria led to a bloody internal conflict in which tens of thousands have lost their lives.
Where key countries stand
Mapping the conflict
Zaatari refugee camp
President's inner circle
Around the web •
BBC Arabic website
Revolution 2011 on Facebook
Syrian state news agency
Human Rights Observatory (Arabic)
From other news sites • IAfrica.com No healing over Syria at G20 1 hr ago • Frontier Post World powers fail to heal Syria rift at G20 dinner 1 hr ago • Yahoo! UK and Ireland World leaders pressure Obama over Syria 5 hrs ago • Guardian.co.uk Russia and west clash over new British evidence of Syria gas attack 6 hrs ago • The Independent Cameron: British scientists have proof deadly sarin gas was used in chemical weapons attack 14 hrs ago • About these results
Related Internet links • Leaders' Summit 2013 - G20 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites
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