Page 1

slower food: A Co-housing typology

CLARISSA YEE

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

1. Food sufficiency is in need to be improved. Production, cooking, and waste methods are areas which can be used to harness control for the consumer.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

source

Purchase

information

?

Body

food miles

We are vunerable to supermarkets, markets, butchers, and all the information that comes with food. Having faith in what we eat means that it could be damaging us without our knowledge. We are vunerable to ecomonic and global systems when it comes to consumables and have little control of it as an individual. It is a minefield even if we buy organic produce as the organic symbol guarantees a set of guidelines, but not air miles, labour, carbon footprint, etc. 80% of london’s food is imported. If this was cut off, then we would survive for two maybe three days.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology Fresh ingredients

Recipe

energy

methods

Solar

gas used for different Series1 cooking methods 398

Sous vide

280 190

180

Heat a large frying pan over a medium heat and add a good few lugs of olive oil. When the oil’s hot, add the garlic and chilli and fry until lightly coloured. Drop in most of the basil – stand back as it will crackle and spit in the oil – and then, after a few seconds, add the tomatoes. Bring to the boil and simmer for about 5 minutes.You’ll end up with a chunky sauce – if you like it smoother, pass the sauce through a coarse sieve. Taste the sauce and season with salt and pepper. Keep warm.

58

52

1

2

3

4

6

food/gas Series1

ratio for different cooking methods

92 83

Steaming

Bring a large pan of salted water to the boil. On a lightly floured work surface, cut the lasagne sheets into strips with a knife or a pastry wheel. When the water is at a rolling boil, add the pasta and cook for a few minutes until just al dente. Drain the pasta strips in a colander, reserving a little of the cooking water.

5

1

2

Stir the pasta into the warm sauce. If it’s a bit thick, add a few spoonfuls of the cooking water to loosen it up. Sprinkle with freshly grated Parmesan cheese and the reserved basil leaves and serve immediately.

3

4

minutes of gas 83

10.5

different cooking methods

9.5

35

33

27

5

27

6

food/gas ratio

92

Hay-bag 27

37

33

26

35

27

27

33

food/gas ratio minutes of gas

Taking one of the most popular recipes as a starting point for thinking about where the ingredients come from, the energy it takes to cook it and the methods that can be used for cooking. These studies show that the energy and the nutrients of the food we consume can be improved.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012

Boiling


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

air drawn up

Ventilation stack

15-18 째C Ideal temperature to keep garlic

concrete

air drawn in

Thermal mass help keeps temperature constant

ventilated storage boxes Openings made from Duralmond material- controlling light entering space

Garlic storage to preserve picked garlic for 6-8 months- humidity and air movement is essential. Braiding the roots makes them keep longer due to the moisture in the roots.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

positioning garlic removal of “stuck� slices

cutting and cooking slicing

storing and harvesting composting

scraping the garlic paper and ends

Cutting garlic 15 minutes before it is cooked or consumed, is better for your health, as it releases a chemical called allin which in this time turns to allicin, which is a cancer fighting ingredient. Garlic is also used in many medicines as it has many health benefits. Studying this action will help to design with the intention of encouraging a user to cut their garlic everyday and wait the 15 minutes required for maximum health benefits.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

4 hobs

1 hobs

different activities

joined at one source

harness other power

Solar

Sous vide

Steaming

Boiling

Kitchen system that takes advantage of one ring of the hob and uses that to cook using various methods. The system is adaptable for for different numbers of people, activities and shares the cooking experience with its guests.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

sketch showing steaming scanning the room Fibreglass

Recycled Tiles

150

Stone

Timber (bamboo)

140 130 120

steam panel

110 100 90 80 70 60 150 50 140 40 130 30 120 20 110 10 100 0 90

0.0 80 150

10 litres of water used

WATER USEAGE IN THE HOME IN ONE DAY 0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

residual heat from the morning

70 140

used to clean the house when out at

60 130

work.

50 120

300ml water at 80-100 째C

40 110

x1600 volume of steam

41.8 m2

30 100 2090 1080 070 0.0 60 150 50 140 40 130 30 120 20 110 10 100 0 90

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

The steam itself could be used also to clean the environment without the inclusion of chemicals and uses very little water. It is efficient and can be included in the design of a flexible kitchen system 80 70 60 50 40

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

2. The architecture will improve the relationship between the eater and the history of his/her food. The experience and enjoyment of eating will be drawn upon with the appreciation of where it has come from.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Storing and preserving of basil to cut air miles, and keep freshness of the herb. Grow your own is a simple solution to gaining power of where food comes from however to do this simply and sucessfully in the home needs some organisation.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Growing your own fruits and vegetables design would encorporate the reusing of waste into the compost for the new plants and by bringing in the growth the the kitchen and incorporating the cooking and eating into the growing. The acknowledge of nature, and bringing about the intimate connection with tradition, nature dependence and other people we eat with. CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

red and blue LED lights

LEDS are almost 100% efficient

energy emitted as light (%)

HID

LE D

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

hours before replacing (hrs) HID

LED

0

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

60000

LED lights can provide the energy to sustain these plants when sunlight is at it minimum using very little energy. This energy could also come from biogas or wind power.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

1 -2 weeks

Ethylene

Tomatoes are ripened using ethylene gas, but green tomatoes can be ripened at home in one or two weeks. Bananas give off natural ethylene gas that can ripen tomatoes in a dark and humid environment. Steam and heat from cooking could create the ideal enviroment. Also, the area needs to be well observed to check for any over ripe or moldy tomatoes. CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

tomato turning for even ripening individual for different fruits and rates of ripening

=

+ Singular space where ripening happens simultaneously

how containment with airholes controls different gases

oxygen

Ethylene

carbon dioxide

bowls in different environments

sharable ripening space with different enrivonments within the architecture of the spaces

Creating a shared environment for ripening CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Ethylene Solar

retrieve own fruit and veg entrance between inside and outside

kitchen

Hay-bag Becomes daily routine into the house or kitchen

Ripening environment heated by the sun and the heat and humidity from cooking on the other side. The proximity to the kitchen also means that the fruit and veg that is ripe can be picked up on the way to the kitchen to cook or eat it. It becomes integrated into the journey of the user so that it is checked everyday.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology transition

architecture that adapts to the changing needs of its eaters

bigger/summer

LOOSE KNIT AND TIGHT KNIT CAR MOTOR RUNS IN TRACKS

smaller/winter

sliding house

The architecture will be able to adapt to the needs of its eater. If there are more guests or the cook and the eaters want to eat outside or feel as if they are eating inside threshold will be able to adapt to this.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

3. Architecture will aim to promote a healthy lifestyle by improving nutritional knowledge.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Vegetables

Protein

Carbohydrates

Dairy

offices and schools touch screen for ordering, seeing levels, time

reuse of water for herb growing

To maximise the benefits of eating well and not to waste. This kitchen storage and washing design divides food into the food groups and is an educational tool to help decide what is involved in making a balanced meal. The computer system provides the necessary information of what members of a household may be lacking, their food history and information about what is in the cupboards. CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

rural preserve

suburban

general urban

urban centre

beyond the back garden individual dwelling communal foraging city eating eating in the wilderness

controlling enironment

tomato turning

basil picking meal planner

Zoetrope based on the bridge between rural reserve and urban core relative to food production, food storage and experience of eating CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology tests

ACTIONS

ACTors

retrieving meal

turning tomato

picking basil

Water recycling River Lune

changing eating environment

elevation

Translating actions onto the zoetrope.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Wilderness Global

Private Suburban Private

General urban

Communal/Local

Urban centre

Communal/Global

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

Zoetrope Video 2mins

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

DOCUMENT 1 BRIEF AND AGENDA a-

Brief

-

Programme

Housing and public shared facilities for Lancaster Co-housing Group. There will be approximately 32 households comprising of houses 1-3 bed, houses and studio units. There will also be common facilities for sharing and preparing food. Laundry, visitors housing, car pooling and other activities will be shared within the scheme. The emphasis on the project is about food sustainablility and general sustainable living. Appreciating where food comes from and the enjoyment of the experience of eating as a social past time. Work space has already been provided in the old mill building, as some people in the group would like to work from this site to avoid having to travel to the nearest town Halton. Scheme must work with this existing building.Pedestrian and cycling will be encouraged and car use will be kept to a minimum around the houses. Housing- Total Area 2170m² consisting of: 12 x 1 bed flat-55m² = 660m² 10 x 2 bed- 2 storey, total floor area 65m²= 650m² 7 x 3 bed- 2 storey, total floor area 80m² = 560m² 3 x 3 bed- 3 storey, total floor area 100m² = 300m² Common House- Total Area 360m²+ consisting of: Dining 60m² Guest house 50m² Children’s room -30m² Food store- 30m² Laundry 20m² Extra storage 20m² Social space 75m² Growing space- 75m²+ -

on tour around the country. Before this there were several mills on the site for cotton, linseed, fabrics before the businesses ceased and the properties sold. These mills did use the water from the river nearer the eastern end to use in ponds and building processes. It now houses one out of use old mill building. The Site will be homes for different types of family and single people. They are in groups of 1, 2,3 and 4+ people. There are 75 people 25 of which are people under 18. A good proportion of which are over 50, and are either retired or are looking for a community feel as their children have left their homes. They share a common interest in ideas about community and slow food movement. Permanent users of the common house will be the residents, and their guests. There may be some chance that in the future these facilities will be able to be used or sold to the public. Water from the Lune will be able to be harnessed for domestic use. Rocks around the site will need to be secured so that the area is safe for users. Each member will have responsibility for each other and the common areas, yet each family group will be responsible for their individual household. There will be regular meeting for the community to make group decisions, and each household will nominate a member of their house to attend. Other people outside the immediate community will be able to participate in activities throughout the year also. -

Accurate definition of site

Site is a 2.5 acre plot on the outskirts of Halton, North West England. It runs alongside the river Lune, and is 3.4 miles away from Lancaster town center. It is easily navigated by bike and car. Historically, it was a site for an engineering company ‘Luneside Engineering’ and in 1950 they built mechanical life size elephants which they took

1 in 3 people now live alone in Britain

85% of us don’t know our neighbours

Funding

aerial view of site

The lancaster co-housing group had bought the site with some personal backing and shares to the value of £5000. Individual members to the group were required to pay for their plot according to the size of their dwelling. 5 bed: £36,0000, 1 bed £18,000. These plot sales went back to the founder of the group, and to pay for the site, and the professionals. They expect that in the next phase of recruitment the house prices will be in the region of £130K to £285K. The build costs will largely be financed by a corporate loan. It is anticipated that this will be a rolling loan facility. This loan will cover a maximum of 70% of the project costs, therefore members have to put down a 30% deposit. Continued next page... topographical context of site

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

DOCUMENT 1 BRIEF AND AGENDA a-

Funding continued:

The money required from members at different stages in the project is as follows: On joining- £5K Within 3 months of joining- 30% (or more) of projected house cost (minus £5K already provided) Build completion- Cash or individual mortgages for the remaining 70% (or less) Paying for the homes could not be done through self-build loan as tthe homes are bought on a 999 year leasehold not a freehold, so the only way to fund this is corporate loans. Since, this is personally funded many members will have to sell their current homes before the new homes will be built and live in rented accomodation in Halton until the houses will be available to be moved into. b-

Agenda list of matters to be addressed

1. Food sufficiency is in need to be improved. Production, cooking, and waste methods are areas which can be used to harness control for the consumer. 2. The architecture will improve the relationship between the eater and the history of his/her food. The experience and enjoyment of eating will be drawn upon with the appreciation of where it has come from. 3. Architecture will aim to improve nutritional knowledge by promoting a healthy lifestyle. 4. Architecture will respect and preserve the natural environment that it is housed in. 5. The workings of architectural systems will be made obvious to its users in a friendly and understandable way. -

example of a new and successful way of living, socialising with the community around you and to have an appreciation of the surroundings. It should promote social activity between all families, races and ages but also respect the privacy of individual households and members of the community that may not live on the premises.

Precedents for Co Housing schemes

It should be open to all as a way of living, and the process of adjusting to this way of life should be as easy and natural as possible. -

motivations of the project.

Nature- not to pollute the environment it is in and try to preserve the land as much as possible. Community bonds and sharing is the main point of this type of housing, so this is one of the biggest motivations to get this right. Food Enjoyment and Production- Production and enjoyment can be done as a whole community. Sustainable Lifestyle- the building being sustainable within itself and not just an add on feature.

Jystrup Sawaerket Co Housing, Denmark

Koglerne co housing, Denmark

Some households being responsible for certain areas of the common house will allow people to take ownership of the activities while sharing the facilities with others. It will therefore encourage people to look after shared spaces and encourage socialising.

Stroud Co Housing,UK

intentions of the project.

Sustainable and accessible by all. Even though the feeling of these communities are old fashioned, the scheme should bring out it’s modern in attitude and outlook. It should set an

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012

Mo Co Ho, Denmark


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology from single housing to co-housing work

showing trees, existing buildings, cycling path, sunlight and wind 15 mins to Halton Centre

Banks of the Lune

single housing typical of halton

18th century Mill Building N

Mill Building

Existing House

15 mins to Halton Centre

Houses split into private and communal

Boat house and fishing Hut

N

communal house with outdoor shared space Boathouse and Fishing Hut

River Lune

CLARISSA Y E E

free sandstone and limestone

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology existing mill building

individual houses

Location of different areas of living, and socialising according to activity.

growing

business meeting

existing boating and fishing

domestic communal house

existing

eating

childrens play veg turning

food storage

DOCUMENT 2. Location plan and functional program.

individual houses 1

2 SOCIAL SPACE

grow

meeting

SOCIAL SPACE communal 5 house

turn

store2

3

eat

4 play

RIVER

1.MEAL PLANNING

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

2.COMMUNAL GROWING

YEAR 4 PROJECT

3.TOMATO TURNING

4.EATING IN WILDERNESS

2011-2012

5.ADAPTABLE EATING ENVIRONMENT


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology Defining the community I’d like to live with a bunch of friends who all ate together and helped look after each other’s children.” - Pete

types of families within the community

adults

“I look forward to living in community and hope that others will be inspired by the eco-living side of the project.”Kathy

Kathy

Huw

Luke

“Living on your own has its attraction, but it is not all it’s cracked up to be!”- Chris

Chris

Fiona “I always thought I’d suffer from ‘empty nest syndrome’ when my daughter left home, so I wanted to have other people around me when that happened”.- Fiona

Pete

Jan

Jon “I work around the country and often from home - which will be great overlooking the Lune.”- Jan

Description of the significant actions of community (vulnerable and extended) and building types in which they will house.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012

children visiting offspring

House types


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology floor area required

1:1000

55m²

12 x 1 bed

65m²

massing required for different houses

10 x 2 bed

80m²

7 x 3 bed 3 x 3+ bed

100m² 360m²

3 x 3+ bed 1 x communal house

1 x communal house

7 x 3 bed

10 x 2 bed

12 x 1 bed

HOUSING TYPES

IN RELATION TO EACH OTHER

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology NUCLEAR MODEL

VARIED MODEL

SHARED MODEL

type 2,3,4,5,6,7

type 1

nON-type

DOCUMENT 3. Use of the space and definition of community. describe your architecture by the description of the significant actions your community (vulnerable and extended) will perform in the spaces you design.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology Water 120

rainfall

100 80

4 specialistcommunityclusters

60

Indirect Potable reuse

40 20 0

jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec

collected rainwater growing

meeting

how much water needed for growing

meeting

storing

laundry and shower DRAFT- Metadocument 1 showing how the scheme is split into 4 different community clusters each of which has water system that draws filters uses and releases back to the river. Rainwater is also used for growing and for flushing toilets.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

4. Architecture will respect and preserve the natural environment that it is housed in.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology

5. The workings of building systems will be made obvious to its users in a friendly and understandable way.

CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012


Towards A slow food co-housing Typology shopping list

sink hole cover

sponges

shower curtain

bamboo

Hand mechanised system to draw control compression of structure

The Shower Cloud - made from everyday materials that will draw water from the River Lune to be used for showering when needed. This system stores water in the sponges, which in turn is squeezed out when the bamboo structure is retracted releasing water needed for showering, watering plants, flushing toilets and the like. CLARISSA Y E E

UNIT 22

YEAR 4 PROJECT

2011-2012

8th hand in  

8th hand in

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