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Soggetti promotori: Associazione Alter Eco, Gruca ONLUS, Associazione Ciclo Stile. Guida realizzata grazie al contributo della Camera di Commercio di Macerata e del Comune di Porto Recanati. Associazione Alter Eco tel. 3283835482 e-mail: ass.altereco@gmail.com www.associazionealtereco.blogspot.com Camera di Commercio di Macerata - Area promozione tel. +39 0733 2511 e-mail: promozione@mc.camcom.it www.mc.camcom.it Assessorato al turismo del Comune di Porto Recanati tel. +39 071 759971 www.portorecanatiturismo.it Realizzazione della guida a cura di Risorse cooperativa tel. +39 0733 280035 e-mail: info@risorsecoop.it www.risorsecoop.it Creazione itinerari, redazione testi, grafica ed impaginazione: Vecchioni Simone Foto: Massetani Michele Traduzioni: Riccetti Massimo Un ringraziamento particolare a Francesco Rocchetti per la collaborazione nella revisione dei testi ed a Patrizia Mordini e Bianca Klausing per la collaborazione alla traduzione. La guida è stata realizzata con la massima accuratezza, ciononostante non possiamo garantire nÊ assumerci la responsabilità di eventuali cambiamenti sopraggiunti relativi alle informazioni riportate sulla stessa.


Consegniamo questa guida cicloturistica alle istituzioni locali che ne hanno permesso la realizzazione e a quanti vorranno usarla per conoscere il territorio maceratese. Il nostro lavoro è stato reso possibile dalla condivisione di valori e visioni sul nostro passato e sul nostro futuro di collettività locale. L’auspicio dunque è che il piacere che traiamo dal viaggiare in bicicletta nella nostra provincia sia condiviso da chi avrà in mano la guida e che essa possa essere uno degli strumenti, per quanto parziale, per un nuovo sviluppo locale fondato sulla bellezza, sull’equilibrio e sul rispetto che ciascuno deve a se stesso e all’ambiente che lo ospita. Simone Vecchioni

Presidente Associazione Alter Eco

Alberto Cicarè

Presidente Associazione Ciclo Stile

Alessandro Battoni

Presidente Gruca ONLUS


Indice itinerari Route 1 From Treia to Elcito via the Balcony of the Marche

pag. 6

Route 2 From Matelica to San Severino through DOC hills

pag. 10

Route 3 From Tolentino to the sea between History and Poetry

pag. 14

Route 4 Porto Recanati and its hinterland

pag. 19

Route 5 From Sefro to Potenza’s spring

pag. 23

Route 6 From San Nicola Basilica to the abbeys of Macerata area

pag. 27

Route 7 The territory of Macerata and its Universities

pag. 31

Route 8 From Camerino to the Monti Sibillini National Park

pag. 36

Route 9 Between history and nature along the valleys of Chienti and Fiastra

pag. 40

Key points The nine routes are marked by three different colors related to the three land types: light blue for routes reaching the seaside, yellow for routes running through the hills and green for routes running through the mountainous area. Each route factsheet consists of information about the elevation profile and the difficulty of the way to go, descriptions of the road surface as well as intensity of vehicular traffic. At the end of each factsheet you will find the local tourist offices contact information. The last pages of this tour guide contain a list of specialized bike tourism services, dealers and technical assistance points. Have a good trip. 4


Province of Macerata Municipalities and main roads

a Porto Recanati Recanati

Montefano Apiro

Poggio San Vicino

Cingoli Appignano

Matelica Gagliole

Pollenza

Camerino

Caldarola Cessapalombo

Serravalle di Chienti Muccia Pieve Torina Fiordimonte

Pievebovigliana Fiastra Acquacanina

Colmurano

Monte San Giusto

Mogliano Loro Piceno

Ripe San Ginesio Camporotondo in Fiastrone San Ginesio Gualdo Sarnano

Sant’Angelo in Pontano Penna San Giovanni Monte San Martino

Bolognola

Monte Cavallo

Visso

Urbisaglia

Serrapetrona Belforte del Chienti

Sefro

Petriolo

Tolentino

Pioraco

Montecosaro Morrovalle Civitanova Marche

Corridonia

San Severino Marche

Castelraimondo Fiuminata

Montelupone

Macerata

Treia

Esanatoglia

Potenza Picena

Montecassiano

Ussita

Castelsantangelo sul Nera

Civitanova - Albacina Railway Adriatica Railway SS77 Motorway A14 Toll Highway

a

Falconara International Airport

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Route 1 From Treia to Elcito via the Balcony of the Marche

Treia

Treia

Cingoli

Cingoli

Distance: 83 km Difficulty: high Gradient: max 16% Altitude: max 821 m Gearing: 39x28 Vehicular traffic: very low

Elcito

panorama

Places of interest Treia - altitude: 342 m, distance from starting point: 0 km Little town of 9700 inhabitants, place of notable environmental, historical and artistic interest. Treia arises from three hills and faces the valley of Potenza river, it keeps the ancient walls and the entire city centre, characterized by medieval narrow streets and old noble villas. The enchanting landscape overlooks both Sibillini Mountains and the Adriatic Sea through cultivated harmonious hills. What to see: Georgic Academy, Archaeological Museum, Villa Spada, Santissima Annunziata Cathedral, Santissimo Crocifisso Sanctuary, Disfida del Bracciale (Challenge of the Armlet is the historical reenactment of a traditional ball game, taking place every summer at the turn of July and August). Cingoli - altitude: 631 m, distance from starting point: 30 km Cingoli is also known as “The Balcony of the Marche” for its great panoramic position, which in crystal clear sky condition allows to see the entire Marche territory, from Montefeltro to the Province of Ascoli. Within the ancient walls you can find wonderful squares, palaces and churches. The whole municipal area consists of small towns and mountain villages, rich of history and art. Just few km from Cingoli you can find the biggest artificial lake of the Marche, highly interesting for tourism and sport. What to see: Santa Maria Assunta Cathedral, San Benedetto Church, Town Hall, Castiglioni Palace, Municipal Art Gallery, Sant’Esuperanzio Springs, Cingoli Public Archaeological Museum. Elcito - altitude: 821 m, distance from starting point: 55,2 km This village can be surely considered one of the most picturesque of the province. The town rests atop a rock-cliff located at the foot of the San Vicino Mount, which was in the past an important fortress. The ruins of the ancient walls and the tower founded on solid rock, together with the special view of Fucina valley, create a unique atmosphere. What to see: the tower, Piani di Canfaito (a vast upland covered by beech forests).

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Troviggiano

Cingoli

 Grottaccia

Marcucci Castel San Pietro

Elcito

Chiesanuova

Treia

Loc. Mozzacatena

Elevation profile 900 Cingoli

800 700

Treia

The way to go is surely challenging. Despite the distance is not prohibitive (83 km), the absolute absence of plains makes the elevation profile similar to a roller coaster. The most challenging stretches are the steep climbs leading to Elcito (gradient of 16%) and to San Lorenzo. The very low vehicular traffic and the breathtaking landscapes will repay the tough climb. The route will be undoubtedly appreciate both by the trained bike tourist hunting for “strong emotions” and by who is searching for the beauty of Macerata province inland.

Elcito

Path notes

San Lorenzo

Corsciano

600 500 400 300 200

m

100

0

Km

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

83

Route Km 0

Departure from Treia medieval walls, at the junction between Viale Unità d’Italia and Borgo Vittorio Veneto. Continue straight onto Borgo Vittorio Veneto keeping right.

Km 2.8

Turn right to Contrada Camporota. Continue onto Contrada Camporota, a stretch of 7 Km (slight descent) amongst the countryside. Very low traffic, narrow roads.

Km 9,6

Turn left onto SP25, continue straight until the first roundabout. Increase of vehicular traffic.

Km 13,1 At the first roundabout before Chiesanuova keep right and at the second roundabout (after 1 km) continue straight onto SP25 (slight slope). Km 18,5 Arriving at Grottaccia keep right to follow SP25 toward Cingoli. Alternating slight climbs and descents. Km 24,4 After Toviggiano you arrive at Calandrione, starting point of the climb leading to Cingoli. Quite hard climb of 5,4 km with an average gradient of 7%. Km 25,8 Turn left at the junction toward Cingoli. Km 29,2 Turn left to stay onto SP502. Km 29,8 End of the climb, Keep left onto SP502 (Viale della Carità). Travel advice: you can reach the ancient centre of Cingoli (just turning right onto Via Balcone delle Marche) for taking a rest, visiting the historical and artistic treasures of the town and enjoying the fantastic landscape. Km 31,2 Continue toward San Severino onto SP502 keeping left. Slight climb, very low traffic, wooded area. Km 36,8 End of the climb, the descent begins from a well-lit tunnel of about 300 m. Panoramic view of San Vicino Mount getting out of the tunnel. Continue onto SP502. Km 41,8 Arriving at Mozzacatena turn right toward Aliforni to leave SP502. Climb on max 10% gradient for about 700 m, the roadway gets narrow with partially decayed surface. Km 44,4 Turn left to continue the descent (without reaching Rocca di Aliforni). Initially steep descent, continue to stay onto the main road. Km 45,5 Continue through Corsciano onto the main road (slight slope).

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Km 50

Turn left toward Castel San Pietro, starting point of the steep climb leading to Elcito. The climb is 5,2 Km, the first half is the hardest with max 16% gradient, short stretch of descent after 3 Km, then less steep climb up to Elcito.

Km 55,2 Arriving in Elcito (821 m) you can enjoy the wonderful view of Fucina valley. After a visit at the picturesque village, turn back retracing the same way for about 13,4 Km up to Mozzacatena. Challenging stretches climbing down from Elcito and after Corsciano. Km 68,6 Arring at Mozzacatena, junction for San Severino, turn left to follow SP502. Km 68,9 Take the first turn right. Initial steep climb of 300 m, then alternating slight climbs and descents of 3 Km. Continue to follow the main road. Km 71,6 The little rural church (on the right) is the starting point of the climb (2,8 km) leading to San Lorenzo, average gradient of 8% (max 15%). The road is usually very sunny, because of the presence only of shrubby plants. Km 74,4 The long descent leading to Treia begins. Initially steep descent, the road surface is in good condition and there are not too dangerous bends. After 7 Km on the right you can see the Santissimo Crocifisso Sanctuary. Km 83

The tour is over, now you can visit Treia and refresh yourself with the local delicacies.

Tourist information office Treia Piazza della Repubblica, 2 tel. +39 0733 215919 e-mail: turismo@treia.biz - prolocotreia.iat@treia.sinp.net Cingoli Via Luigi Ferri, 17 tel. +39 0733 602444 e-mail: iat.cingoli@provincia.mc.it - iat.cingoli@regione.marche.it San Severino Marche (Elcito) Piazza del Popolo, 43 tel. +39 0733 638414 e-mail: info@prolocossm.sinp.net

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Route 2 From Matelica to San Severino through DOC hills

Matelica

Matelica

Serrapetrona

vigna

Distance: 40,3 km Difficulty: medium/high Gradient: max 15% Altitude: max 750 m Gearing: 39x26 Vehicular traffic: very low

Castel San Venanzo

San Severino Marche

Places of interest Matelica - altitude: 347 m, distance from starting point: 0 km Town of 10.300 inhabitants, its origin comes from the Picentes population, which settled along the valley of Esino river (where many archaeological finds were discovered). Throughout history Matelica was destroyed and rebuilt many times and it can boast several monuments and sites of historical, artistic and architectural interest. Its name is known worldwide for the wine Verdicchio, native grapevine (DOC, Controlled Origin Denomination from 1967, the first wine of the Marche to receive such award), which takes its characteristics from the peculiarities of this territory. Esino valley is indeed the only one of the Marche extending from North to South, which creates a particular microclimate with very high thermal excursions. What to see: Santa Maria Assunta Cathedral, Sant’Agostino Church, San Francesco Church, Town Hall, Piersanti Museum, Governor Palace, Archaeological Museum. Serrapetrona - altitude: 474 m, distance from starting point: 28,8 km Serrapetrona Municipality (1000 inhabitants) consists of small hamlets lying in a mountainous area characterized by narrow valleys. Amongst these villages Caccamo, from which comes the name of the close hydroelectric basin, is an important sport and tourist destination. Serrapetrona is famous in the field of enogastronomy for the “Vernaccia di Serrapetrona”, sparkling wine DOCG (Controlled and Guaranteed Origin Denomination) produced exclusively in the homonymous municipal area. What to see: San Francesco Church (it houses the famous polyptych by Lorenzo d’Alessandro), San Lorenzo di Castel San Venanzo Church, Contemporary Sacred Art Museum. San Severino Marche - altitude: 236 m, distance from starting point: 40,3 km Town of 13000 inhabitants, it lies on the banks of Potenza river and its ancient origin dates back to the Paleolithic. Site of a high historical and artistic interest, San Serverino Marche has a superb city centre extending from the Castle (with the characteristic 40 m slightly leaning tower) built on the Nero mount, down to the valley, where

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the monumental thirteenth-century Piazza del Popolo is located. The spindle-shaped main square is surrounded by porticos and important buildings, amongst which the nineteenth-century Feronia theatre. The municipal area is dotted with fortresses and castles, which overlook the surrounding valleys as a defensive belt (some of them can be seen along the first route of this tour guide). What to see: old Cathedral, San Lorenzo in Doliolo Basilica, Sant’Agostino Cathedral, Maestà Church, Sant’Eustachio Church and caves, Piazza del Popolo, Feronia Theatre, Town Hall, Civic Tower (Castle).

Matelica

Gagliole

San Severino Marche

Crispiero Castel San Venanzo

Serrapetrona

800

San Severino Marche

900

Serrapetrona

Monte d’Aria

Crispiero

The way to go is more challenging in the first part. The hardest climb is undoubtedly the one leading to Crispiero (altitude 580 m), 4 km long with an average gradient of 8% (max 15%). To be mentioned the descent from Monte d’Aria (altitude 750 m, highest point of the route) down to Serrapetrona, which is very steep and with a road surface not in perfect condition. The vehicular traffic is mainly very low, nevertheless attention must be paid from Selvalagli (8 km) to the beginning of the climbing for Crispiero (SP361).

Elevation profile

Matelica

Path notes

700 600 500 400 300 200

m

100

0

Km

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Route Km 0

Departure in Matelica, Piazza E. Mattei. Head toward Corso Vittorio Emanuele keeping the Town Hall on your left.

Km 0,3

Turn left to stay onto Via Fabio Filzi, continue straight toward Gagliole at the next traffic light. Alternating slight climbs and descents, low veicular traffic.

Km 5,5

Passing through Acquosi pay attention to a short but very steep descent. Continue to follow the main road. You can see Gagliole with its fortress on your left (reachable with a short detour: take the first left).

Km 8

Arriving at Selvalagli turn left to stay onto SP361 toward San Severino Marche, presence of traffic.

Km 9,6

Turn right at the cement plant and immediately after turn left. Turn right few meters after toward Crispiero. Climb begins.

Km 13,3 At the top of the climb take the second on the left skirting the village of Crispiero. Continue to follow the main road (SP22) keeping on the right.

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Km 17,8 At the junction at the end of the climb turn sharp left toward Villa d’Aria, then on the upland continue to follow the asphalt road. Tourist advice: there you can find the Padre Francesco de Vico astronomical observatory (http://www. crabnebula.it) open to visitors. Km 22,7 Continue through Villa d’Aria keeping the right, steep descent. Km 25,1 After a short climb arriving at Castel San Venanzo continue to follow the asphalt road leading to Serrapetrona. Km 28,8 Arriving in Serrapetrona take the first on the left getting into the town’s main square. Continue through the square to stay onto Via Giacomo Leopardi toward San Severino Marche. Turn left at the junction, the last 10 km of the route are characterized by alternating slight climbs and descents up to the final descent leading to San Severino Marche. Km 40,3 San Severino Marche, follow the direction to the city centre (Piazza del Popolo). The tour ends here.

Tourist information office Matelica Piazza E. Mattei, 3 tel. +39 0737 85671 - +39 0737 85333 Serrapetrona Galleria del Gaburro tel. +39 0733 906 201 San Severino Marche Piazza del Popolo, 43 tel. +39 0733 638414 e-mail: info@prolocossm.sinp.net - prolocossm@libero.it

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Route 3 From Tolentino to the sea between History and Poetry

Abbazia di Rambona

Tolentino

Porto Recanati

Recanati

Distance: 65,4 km Difficulty: medium Gradient: max 16% Altitude: max 311 m Gearing: 39x26 Vehicular traffic: medium

Macerata

Porto Recanati

Places of interest Tolentino - altitude: 230 m, distance from starting point: 0 km Town of 20000 inhabitants, it is located along the Chienti valley and it was always considered strategic geographical junction between the coastal area and the inland, which now represents an important manufacturing district of the province. Tolentino is rich of art and history, in 1815 it was the scenario of the battle between the Neapolitan troops of Murat and the Austrian troops, considered one of the first battles of the Italian Risorgimento. Its most significant building is surely the Basilica di San Nicola, erected between 13th and 14th Century, it houses the Saint Nicola’s relic within the homonymous Chapel decorated with magnificent frescoes of the early 14th Century. What to see: San Nicola Basilica, San Catervo Concathedral, Clocks Tower, Town Hall, Parisani Bezzi Palace, International Biennial of Art Humour, the historical reenactment “Battle of Tolentino”. Pollenza - altitude: 341 m, distance from starting point: 13,6 Km Pollenza (6500 inhabitants) is an important site for antique furniture restoration. A wonderful view of the Sibillini Mountains can be enjoyed from its well-preserved walls. The most important monument is the Rambona Abbey (located few km from the centre of the town), which was built in the 9th Century at the behest of the Lombard Queen Ageltrude, and its triple-aisle crypt is probably one of the most fascinating in the Marche. What to see: Rambona Abbey, Giuseppe Verdi Municipal Theatre, Santi Francesco e Antonio Church. Macerata - altitude: 315 m, distance from starting point: 24 Km The province capital has a population of 43000 inhabitants, it is located on a hill between the valleys of Chienti and Potenza rivers. The origins of Macerata are not completely clear, even though they are usually traced to the destruction of the Roman city of Helvia Recina (located on the banks of the river Potenza, where now the village of Villa Potenza lies), the first traces of a “Terra de Maceratinis” can be found in 10th century. Since then the city grew steadily and was always characterized by a strong cultural imprint (a “Studium Legum”, the first stage of what became a famous University, was founded in 1290) and administrative (bishopric from 1320). One of the most intense period

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of its history was during the Risorgimento; in 1815 Gioachino Murat’s troops defeated in Tolentino took shelter here, in 1817 took place the first Italian revolutionary movement, in 1849 Garibaldi (the famous guerilla leader of the Risorgimento) stayed in Macerata and founded the “Legione Maceratese”, with which he tried to rescue the fledgling Roman Republic (and in Macerata he was elected deputy of the same). The ancient centre is the administrative and cultural heart of the city and within its walls, steeped in history, all the important buildings and monuments are located. Macerata has given birth to many famous people, in particular it must be mentioned Father Matteo Ricci, a jesuit who lived in China between the 16th and 17th Century, still remembered for his fundamental work as cultural linkage between the Far-East Country and the West. What to see: Arena Sferisterio (open air amphitheatre originally built in 1829 for the Armlet Ball “Palla al Bracciale”, now it is the seat of the internationally famous “Sferisterio Opera Festival”), Loggia dei Mercanti, Lauro Rossi Theatre, Diamonds Palace, Ricci Palace (with its wonderful 20th Century art collection), Buonaccorsi Palace (it houses the Coach Museum besides collections of modern and ancient art), Biblioteca Comunale Mozzi Borsetti Municipal Library, Civic Tower, University Palace, “Helvia Recina” archaeological area (Villa Potenza), Società Filarmonico Drammatica Theatre, Diaz Gardens, Cathedral, San Filippo Church, San Giovanni Church, Santa Maria della Porta Church, Santa Maria delle Vergini Church (2 Km from the city centre). Recanati - altitude: 296 m, distance from starting point: 54 Km Recanati is located on top of a hill between the valleys of the Potenza and Musone rivers and, like in other towns of the province, from its walls a marvelous panorama stretching from the Adriatic Sea to the Sibillini Mountains. The town is the result of the union of several villages and today it counts about 20000 inhabitants. Recanati is rich in art and history, but it is known in the world mainly for his two most famous citizens: the tenor Beniamino Gigli and above all the poet Giacomo Leopardi. What to see: “Leopardi’s places” (Leopardi’s House Museum, “Sabato del Villaggio” square, “Infinito” hill, “Passero Solitario” tower, National Centre for Leopardi Studies), Villa Colloredo Mels Civic Museum, Beniamino Gigli Civic Museum, Giacomo Leopardi Square, Town Hall, Antici Mattei Palace, Venieri Palace, Persiani Theatre, San Flaviano Cathedral, Santa Maria di Castelnuovo Church, Sant’Agostino Cloister and Church. Porto Recanati - altitude: 6 m, distance from starting point: 65,4 Km The commune was established in 1893, breaking away from the municipality of Recanati, and it has a population of 12000 inhabitants. Porto Recanati is a seaside town of considerable importance, it lies in the picturesque setting of Conero Mount and has all the typical characteristics of fishing villages. The Borgo Marinaro (sailors quarter) is the quarter more representative of the town’s soul. The traffic-free promenade, the bike paths, the tourist service quality and the Blue Flag Award make Porto Recanati a resort to spend relaxing and peaceful holidays. What to see: Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle), Brancondi Square, “Potentia” Archaeological Area, Santa Maria in Potenza Abbey, San Giovanni Battista Church, Banderuola Church, beach, Borgo Marinaro , Porto Recanati is just few km from Loreto and the Conero Mount.

Recanati

Porto Recanati

Macerata

Abbazia di Rambona

Pollenza

Tolentino

15


Path notes This route leading from the central area of the province, through the hills of Macerata, to the seaside has no particularly challenging climbs and the max gradient is 10%. The hardest stretch is the climb leading to Pollenza (2.6 km with an average gradient of 6%) and the one leading to Recanati (3 km with an average gradient of 7%). The way to go has a total length of 65 km and 3 climbs, therefore suitable for medium trained cyclists. The traffic close to the major towns could be high, hence the utmost attention must be paid.

Porto Recanati

Recanati

Macerata

Pollenza

Tolentino

Elevation profile

300

200

100

m 0

0

Km

10

20

30

40

50

60

Route Km 0

Departure from Piazza della Libertà in Tolentino, leaving the Clocks Tower at your back cross via Roma to stay onto via San Nicola, continue to follow via San Nicola up to the exit of the town walls (after a few meters you will find on the left the San Nicola Basilica).

Km 0,3

Turn left onto viale Gioachino Murat. Continue straight up to the juction to stay onto via Nazionale, keeping left continue for 3,2 km.

Km 3,2

Turn left onto contrada Cisterna toward Pollenza, slight climb.

Km 7,3

At the Bivio Cantagallo fork continue straight (slope).

Km 9,6

At Rambona turn left to follow Abbazia di Rambona directions (just few hundred meters far). After visiting the abbey turn back and continue straight towards Pollenza (climb with a challenging first part).

Km 13,8 Arriving in Pollenza skirting the Levante Walls of the town centre continue toward Macerata, continue on via Galileo Galilei and then onto Contrada Fontangela (short downhill stretch followed by a short steep climb). Km 19

At the junction continue straight onto SP108 toward Macerata.

Km 22,9 Arriving in Macerata continue to follow the direction sto the city centre (high vehicular traffic). Km 24,3 At the end of Corso Cavour you can see the city centre gates (the “Cancelli” is the entrance of the historical centre of Macerata), continue keeping right along the walls to follow viale Puccinotti and then Viale Trieste. Km 25,3 At the roudabout in front of the Arena Sferisterio take the second on the right downhill toward Montelupone/Potenza Picena (steep descent, high vehicular traffic). Km 26,6 At the junction keep left toward Montelupone/Potenza Picena and continue onto the main road. Km 30,6 At Santa Maria del Monte turn left toward Montecassiano/Recanati (steep and narrow descent). Km 33

Turn right onto Contrada Acquesalate toward Montelupone, flat rural road with very low traffic.

Km 36,4 At the junction (near the votive aedicule) turn right following the main road toward Montelupone. Km 42,9 Turn left toward Recanati. Bike tourist note: continuing straight you can find the famous “Montelupone Wall”, extremely steep climbing stretch usually ridden during the bicycle stage race “Tirreno Adriatico”. Km 45

At the roundabout turn left to follow SP571, then at the next roundabout turn right.

Km 45,9 Turn left onto the climbing road toward Recanati (challenging climb). Km 48,9 Arriving in Recanati continue to follow the town centre directions skirting the ancient walls. Tourist note: “Il Colle dell’Infinito” , one of the famous Leopardi’s places, is on the way. Km 52,6 Arriving at Piazza Giacomo Leopardi leave the centre and continue to stay onto SP77 toward Loreto/Porto Recanati (high vehicular traffic). Km 56,7 Turn right toward Porto Recanati/A14 (high traffic). Km 63,4 Turn right toward Porto Recanati, then continue to follow the town centre directions. Km 65,4 The route ends at Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle) of Porto Recanati.

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Tourist information office Tolentino Piazza della LibertĂ , 18 tel. +39 0733 972937 e-mail: informazioni@vivitolentino.it Pollenza tel. +39 0733 549387 Macerata Piazza della LibertĂ , 9 tel. +39 0733 234807 e-mail: iat.macerata@provincia.mc.it Recanati Piazza G.Leopardi, 31 tel. +39 071 981471 e-mail: info@recanatiturismo.it - iat.recanati@regione.marche.it Porto Recanati Corso Matteotti, 111 tel. +39 071 981471 e-mail: iat.portorecanati@regione.marche.it

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Route 4 Porto Recanati and its hinterland

Porto Recanati

inizio pista ciclabile

Distance: 33 km Difficulty: very low Gradient: max 2% Altitude: max 58 m Gearing: whatever Vehicular traffic: medium/high

Abbazia di San Firmano

Places of interest Porto Recanati - altitude: 6 m, distance from starting point: 0 km The commune was established in 1893, breaking away from the municipality of Recanati, and it has a population of 12000 inhabitants. Porto Recanati is a seaside town of considerable importance, it lies in the picturesque setting of Conero Mount and has all the typical characteristics of fishing villages. The Borgo Marinaro (sailors quarter) is the quarter more representative of the town’s soul. The traffic-free promenade, the bike paths, the tourist service quality and the Blue Flag Award make Porto Recanati a resort to spend relaxing and peaceful holidays. What to see: Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle), Brancondi Square, “Potentia” Archaeological Area, Santa Maria in Potenza Abbey, San Giovanni Battista Church, Banderuola Church, beach, Borgo Marinaro , Porto Recanati is just few km from Loreto and the Conero Mount. Abbazia di San Firmano - altitude: 40 m, distance from starting point: 18 Km San Firmano Abbey is located in a little village next to the Potenza river, at about 10 km from the sea. The monastery was founded in the 10th century and later modified during the 12th century. The abbey is divided into three levels: the entrance floor, the overbuild presbytery and the crypt. The church has three aisles and the twelve columns support the semi-circular arches. The feature that makes San Firmano Abbey unique is the very steep stairs leading to the overbuild presbytery, for keeping the frequent Potenza river flood away from the latter. To be mentioned is the portal lunette with the five figures of the high relief, the 15th century fresco on the left nave and the Saint Firmano statue on the altar.

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Porto Recanati 

Abbazia di San Firmano

Elevation profile

Porto Recanati

The route is suitable for everyone, the short distance (33 km) and the flat elevation profile make this tour easy also for the less trained cyclist. Be noted that the road surface is unhardened along the Potenza river and gravelled in Contrada Chiarino, the use of adequate bike tires is therefore recommended. As far as the traffic concerns, along the two short stretches on Strada Statale Regina much attention must be paid.

Porto Recanati

Path notes

200

100

0

m 0

Km

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

Route Km 0

Departure in Porto Recanati, in front of the Svevo Palace a few meters from the beach. Keeping the Svevo Palace on your right take Corso Matteotti and then continue straight onto Viale Europa.

Km 1,6

After Potenza river bridge turn right to stay onto Via Salvo D’Acquisto, continue straight at the junction and again at the roundabout.

Km 3,3

Turn right onto Via Montatrice. After few meters the bike path begins, follow the directions along the Potenza river (unhardened road surface).

Km 9

At the bridge the bike path ends, turn left and continue up to the Strada Statale Regina.

Km 9,6

Turn right to stay onto the Strada Statale Regina (high vehicular traffic).

Km 12,2 Turn left toward Montelupone Km 14,5 Turn right toward San Firmano. Bike tourist note: continuing straight you can find the famous “Montelupone Wall”, extremely steep climbing stretch usually ridden during the bicycle stage race “Tirreno Adriatico”. Km 17

Take the fourth right (from the previous point) toward San Firmano.

Km 18

Leaving the San Firmano Abbey and the village continue straight to cross the Potenza river bridge, continue to stay onto Strada Statale Regina.

Km 19,4 Turn right at the traffic light. Km 21,3 Turn left at the roundabout, then continue straight. Km 25

Turn right before the climb leading to Chiarino (gravel road) and continue straight up to the bike path. Continue backward onto the bike path to follow Porto Recanati town centre directions.

Km 33

At the Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle) the route ends.

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Tourist information office Porto Recanati Corso Matteotti, 111 tel. +39 071 981471 e-mail: iat.portorecanati@regione.marche.it Montelupone (Abbazia di San Firmano) Viale Regina Margherita, 2 tel. +39 0733 226419 e-mail: mail@prolocomontelupone.it Parrocchia di San Firmano, tel. +39 0733 228055

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Route 5 From Sefro to Potenza’s spring

Pioraco

Distance: 24 km Difficulty: very low Gradient: max 5% Altitude: max 645 m Gearing: whatever Vehicular traffic: medium/low

panorama

Pioraco

Places of interest Sefro - altitude: 502 m, distance from starting point: 0 Km Sefro is a small municipality of 460 inhabitants, lying in the deep valley carved by the Scarsito creek and surrounded by fascinating woods. The village is well-known for the many trouts populating the creek. Nearby there are two particularly attractive naturalistic sites: Montelago uplands and Scurosa valley. What to see: Santa Maria dell’Assunta Church, Abolla Church, Duchi di Varano Fortress. Pioraco - altitude: 443 m, distance from starting point: 5 Km Pioraco is located at the foot of three mountains, where the Scarsito creek flows into the Potenza river. The creek rapids flowing through the village (to be seen along the footpath “de li vurgacci”), the cliffs above and the contrast with the quiet valley make the area a pleasant holiday resort. Pioraco has a long tradition of papermaking, which dates back to the 14th century and still continues. What to see: San Vittorino Church, San Francesco Church, Santissimo Crocifisso Church, Paper and Watermark Museum (inside the Town Hall). Fiuminata - altitude: 479 m, distance from starting point: 9,7 Km Fiuminata is a sparse municipality* with a population of 1550 inhabitants, the county seat is located in Massa. This is a very interesting landscape area, located in the upper valley of the Potenza river, covered with woods, from which fortresses and medieval fortifications emerge. What to see: San Paolo di Orpiano Church, San Giovanni Battista a Castello Church, Castello hamlet, Spindoli fortress. *There is no county capital town, but only some little villages and one of them houses the town hall.

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 Fiuminata

Pioraco

Fonte di Brescia

(sorgenti del Potenza)

Sefro

Path Notes

Sorgenti del Potenza

Fiuminata

Pioraco

Sefro

A very easy route through the mountains of Macerata province inland. Our tour winds through canyons covered in forest, first along the Scarsito creek and then along the Potenza river. The elevation profile is not harsh and there is a climb only in the latter part with a max gradient of 5%. The roads have very low traffic and their surface is completely paved and in good condition.

Elevation profile

700

600

500

m

400

0

Km

5

10

15

20

25

Route Km 0

Departure in Sefro, from the square in front of the Town Hall, take Via Roma along the creek toward Pioraco. Slight descent for about 5 km.

Km 5

Arriving in Pioraco, at the junction with SP361 continue straight toward Fiuminata. The road path leaves the Scarsito creek and continues along the Potenza river. Continue straight onto the main road (SP361).

Km 9,7

Massa (Fiuminata Municipality seat). Continue straight onto SP361 toward Nocera Umbra, the road is flat and it winds along the Potenza river, through the villages of Castagna, Vallibbia and Spindoli.

Km 20,5 Turn left toward Poggio/Fonte di Brescia. Before the village of Poggio turn left toward Fontedi Brescia/Laverino. Km 22

At the fork next to the graveyard keep left toward Fonte di Brescia. Slight climb.

Km 24

At the village of Fonte Brescia the route is over. Here the Potenza river is just a rill and at about 1 km by walking you can find its head

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Tourist information office Sefro Piazza Bellanti, 1 tel. +39 0737 45118 Pioraco Largo G. Leopardi, 1 tel. +39 0737 42142 Fiuminata Via Roma, 30 tel. +39 0737 54122

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Route 6 From San Nicola Basilica to the abbeys of Macerata area

Tolentino

Abbadia di Fiastra

Abbazia di Santa Maria a piè di Chienti

Abbazia di San Claudio

Distance: 40 km Difficulty: medium/low Gradient: max 7% Altitude: max 264 m Gearing: 39x23 Vehicular traffic: medium/ low

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra

Places of interest Tolentino - altitude: 230 m, distance from starting point: 0 km Town of 20000 inhabitants, it is located along the Chienti valley and it was always considered strategic geographical junction between the coastal area and the inland, which now represents an important manufacturing district of the province. Tolentino is rich of art and history, in 1815 it was the scenario of the battle between the Neapolitan troops of Murat and the Austrian troops, considered one of the first battles of the Italian Risorgimento. Its most significant building is surely the Basilica di San Nicola, erected between 13th and 14th Century, it houses the Saint Nicola’s relic within the homonymous Chapel decorated with magnificent frescoes of the early 14th Century. What to see: San Nicola Basilica, San Catervo Concathedral, Clocks Tower, Town Hall, Parisani Bezzi Palace, International Biennial of Art Humour, the historical reenactment “Battle of Tolentino”. Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra - altitude: 180 m, distance from starting point: 12,5 Km This church was built by the Cistercian monks in 1142, it is certainly one of the best preserved monastery of the Cistercian Order in Italy. The story says that twelve monks from the Chiaravalle Abbey of Milan built the monastery mainly using the stones from the nearby Roman town of Urbs Salvia. After the construction phase during the 12th Century, the monks were dealt to reclamation and agricultural development of the surrounding area. After centuries of development, the abbey was looted and faced several mishaps, until it returned to the Cistercian monks in 1985. Since 1984, the abbey and its surroundings have been part of the Natural Reserve of Fiastra, established by the Giustiniani Bandini Foundation and the Marche Region, in order to protect the valuable natural and artistic patrimony. During the Second World War the top floor of the nearby Giustiniani-Bandini Palace was used as an internment camp for Jews. What to see: Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Church, monastery (the cloister is particularly impressive), Giustiniani Bandini Palace (19th Century), the forest with its flora and fauna treasures (extended to more than 100 ha, a rare and wonderful example of the woods, which previously covered the area of Macerata).

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Chiesa di San Claudio al Chienti - altitude: 236 m, distance from starting point: 28 Km This church is located in the municipality of Corridonia, in the valley of the Chienti river. It is for sure one of the most important Romanesque monuments in the Marche region. Its origin is most likely between the 5th and 7th Century, with subsequent interventions during the 11th and 12th Centuries. The church was built on the ruins of the Roman city of Pausolae, its architectural structure strikes the visitor at first glance. The building has two floors with two churches, one at the ground floor and one at the upper floor, both with a single large square hall. The two levels are connected by an external staircase (added on the former architectural structure), on the sides there are two Ravenna style cylindrical towers, used as internal connection between the two floors. Abbazia di Santa Maria a piè di Chienti - altitude: XXX m, distance from starting point: 41 Km This magnificent church, known also as Annunziata Abbey, has very ancient and uncertain origins. The first traces date back to 936, when the church was part of a monastery under the control of Farfa Abbey. During the centuries the building has undergone many rearrangements, and the monastery no longer exists. The church is one of the most interesting expressions of Cluniac architecture in Italy. It is impressive from the outside (in particular the apse), but also on the inside some interesting features must be mentioned: the overbuild presbytery and the ambulatory placed on both sides of the central nave, which connects the presbytery above the entrance to the choir. In the central nave also the 15th Century wooden crucifix is noteworthy.

Chiesa di San Claudio al Chienti

Abbazia di Santa Maria a piè di Chienti

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra

Tolentino 300

Chisa di San Claudio al Chienti

The way to go has just an easy climb in the first part of the route (2 Km with an average gradient of 4%, max 7%). After that the road goes downhill, except for some stretches on slight slope. The path winds along the valleys of Chienti and Fiastra rivers through secondary road with low traffic. The only stretch with considerable vehicular traffic, to which the utmost attention must be paid, is between the industrial area of Corridonia and Piediripa (from km 22,5 to km 25,5).

Chiesa di Santa Maria a piè di Chienti

Elevation profile

Path notes

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fistra

Tolentino

200

100

0

m 0

Km

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Route Km 0

Departure in Tolentino, from the square in front of San Nicola Basilica. Keeping the Basilica on your left head down onto Via San Nicola to get out of the historical centre walls. Continue straight onto Via del Ponte crossing Ponte del Diavolo bridge. Turn left and then left again toward Contrada Ributino.

Km 2,6

Continue straight onto Contrada Ributino.

Km 5

Continue to follow the main road, after a short tunnel the road goes uphill.

Km 7,3

Continue straight after the challenging stretch of the climb.

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Km 11

Turn right at the junction toward Abbadia di Fiastra.

Km 12

Turn left toward Abbadia di Fiastra.

Km 12,2 Abbadia di Fiastra is the first step of the route. The tour goes on: keep right at the junction and take the first left along the parking area. Continue straight to skirt the Natural Reserve of Fiastra Abbey. Km 17,2 Turn right at the fork and immediately left at the junction. Km 20,6 Continue straight at the roundabout toward Macerata. Km 21,2 Continue straight at the roundabout toward Macerata. Vehicular traffic increases, pay attention. Km 21,6 Turn left at the roundabout toward Macerata, then take the first right (Viale Conce). Continue straight. Km 23,2 Turn right at the junction toward Macerata. Crossing the bridge continue straight toward Macerata. High Vehicular traffic, pay attention. Km 24,5 Turn right at the roundabout, then take the first left. Continue straight to stay onto Contrada Valleverde. Km 27,2 The road is narrow, pay attention. Keep left toward San Claudio. Km 28

San Claudio al Chienti Church. The tour goes on: take the road on the left of the church, then turn immediately right onto Contrada San Claudio. After a few hundred meters cross the railway line, pay attention.

Km 29,8 Leaving San Claudio Stazione continue straight to stay onto Contrada Fonte Murata. The road is narrow, but the traffic very low. Continue straight. Km 34,2 Arriving in Morrovalle Stazione continue straight at the traffic light to stay onto Via XXIX Giugno (crossing the road toward Morrovalle). Continue straight. Km 36,8 Continue straight at the fork, the road gets narrow. Km 38,7 Turn right at the junction, then continue straight. Km 39,7 Continue straight at the traffic light toward Santa Maria a piè di Chienti. Km 40

The route ends in front of the imposing shape of Santa Maria a piè di Chienti Church.

Tourist information office Tolentino - Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Piazza della Libertà, 18 tel. +39 0733 972937 e-mail: informazioni@vivitolentino.it Corridonia (Chiesa di San Claudio al Chienti) Piazza F. Corridoni, 8 tel. +39 0733 439900 Montecosaro (Abbazia di Santa Maria a piè di Chienti) Via Gatti, 3 tel. +39 0733 560711

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Route 7 The territory of Macerata and its Universities

Macerata

Mogliano

Camerino

Caldarola

Distance: 83,5 km Difficulty: medium/high Gradient: max 9% Altitude: max 660 m Gearing: 39x26 Vehicular traffic: medium

San Ginesio

Loro Piceno

Places of interest Macerata - altitude: 315 m, distance from starting point: 0 Km The province capital has a population of 43000 inhabitants, it is located on a hill between the valleys of Chienti and Potenza rivers. The origins of Macerata are not completely clear, even though they are usually traced to the destruction of the Roman city of Helvia Recina (located on the banks of the river Potenza, where now the village of Villa Potenza lies), the first traces of a “Terra de Maceratinis” can be found in 10th century. Since then the city grew steadily and was always characterized by a strong cultural imprint (a “Studium Legum”, the first stage of what became a famous University, was founded in 1290) and administrative (bishopric from 1320). One of the most intense period of its history was during the Risorgimento; in 1815 Gioachino Murat’s troops defeated in Tolentino took shelter here, in 1817 took place the first Italian revolutionary movement, in 1849 Garibaldi stayed in Macerata and founded the “Legione Maceratese”, with which he tried to rescue the fledgling Roman Republic (and in Macerata he was elected deputy of the same). The ancient centre is the administrative and cultural heart of the city and within its walls, steeped in history, all the important buildings and monuments are located. Macerata has given birth to many famous people, in particular it must be mentioned Father Matteo Ricci, a jesuit who lived in China between the 16th and 17th Century, still remembered for his fundamental work as cultural linkage between the Far-East Country and the West. What to see: Arena Sferisterio (open air amphitheatre originally built in 1829 for the Armlet Ball “Palla al Bracciale”, now it is the seat of the intenatinally famous “Sferisterio Opera Festival”), Loggia dei Mercanti, Lauro Rossi Theatre, Diamonds Palace, Ricci Palace (with its wonderful 20th Century art collection), Buonaccorsi Palace (it houses the Coach Museum besides collections of modern and ancient art), Biblioteca Comunale Mozzi Borsetti Municipal Library, Civic Tower, University Palace, “Helvia Recina” archaeological area (Villa Potenza), Società Filarmonico Drammatica Theatre, Diaz Gardens, Cathedral, San Filippo Church, San Giovanni Church, Santa Maria della Porta Church, Santa Maria delle Vergini Church (2 Km from the city centre). Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra - altitude: 180 m, distance from starting point: 12,5 Km This church was built by the Cistercian monks in 1142, it is certainly one of the best preserved monastery of the

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Cistercian Order in Italy. The story says that twelve monks from the Chiaravalle Abbey of Milan built the monastery mainly using the stones from the nearby Roman town of Urbs Salvia. After the construction phase during the 12th Century, the monks were dealt to reclamation and agricultural development of the surrounding area. After centuries of development, the abbey was looted and faced several mishaps, until it returned to the Cistercian monks in 1985. Since 1984, the abbey and its surroundings have been part of the Natural Reserve of Fiastra, established by the Giustiniani Bandini Foundation and the Marche Region, in order to protect the valuable natural and artistic patrimony. What to see: Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Church, monastery (the cloister is particularly impressive), Giustiniani Bandini Palace (19th Century), the forest with its flora and fauna treasures (extended to more than 100 ha, a rare and wonderful example of the woods, which previously covered the area of Macerata). Mogliano - altitude: 313 m, distance from starting point: 25 Km The town, with a population of 4900 inhabitants, has Picentes origin. Mogliano is a craft centre of considerable interest, it is located on the ridge between the valleys of Cremone and Ete Morto. From its historical centre, which preserves only part of the fortress walls, a splendid view on the Sibillini Mountains can be enjoyed. What to see: S. Maria di Mogliano Archpriest Church (it houses the Pala by Lorenzo Lotto “La Madonna in gloria e i santi”), San Gregorio Magno Church, Santa Maria in Piazza Church, Santa Maria da Piedi Monument, Forti Palace, Apollo Theater. Loro Piceno - altitude: 436 m, distance from starting point: 32 Km Loro Piceno lies on the area of the ancient “Castrum Lauri”, on the right side of the Fiastra river valley. Its origin is from Picentes and during the Roman times it was part of the system of roads, which had its centre of gravity in the nearby town of “Urbs Salvia”. The old town has remained intact for centuries and it stretches beside the Brunforte Castle. Loro Piceno is the homeland of “vino cotto” (cooked wine); this wine, already famous in Roman times, has a very special vinification and it is celebrated every year in the traditional festival. The architectural characteristics of many old buildings witness the close relationship between the wine-making tradition and the town. What to see: San Francesco Church, San Antonio da Padova Church, Santa Maria di Piazza Church, Brunforte Castle (with the small but rich World Wars Museum), Vittoria Tower, Monte Frumentario Portal, Town Hall, permanent exhibition of equipment and utensils for the “vino cotto”. San Ginesio - altitude: 693 m, distance from starting point: 50 Km San Ginesio is a very beautiful town of 3800 inhabitants located on a hilltop with breathtaking views. The territory was already peopled in Roman times, it reached its heyday between the 13th and 14th Century, when it was one of the most powerful town of the Marche. The historical centre is completely enclosed by the splendid walls, which have remained intact since the 15th Century together with the well-preserved defensive structures: towers, walks, castle ramparts and gates. The rich history of San Ginesio is commemorated each year with numerous events and historical re-enactments, taking place in a particularly fascinating atmosphere. In the 15th Century gave birth to the great jurist Alberico Gentili, whose history is intertwined with the one of Giordano Bruno and other exiled intellectuals during the Inquisition. San Ginesio can boast the “Orange Flag” (environmental and tourism quality mark) since 2002 and the award “Borgo più bello d’Italia” (one of the most beautiful Italian villages). What to see: San Francesco Church, San Tommaso e Barnaba Church, Santa Maria Assunta Collegiate-Church (with early 15th Century frescoes by Jacopo and Lorenzo Salimbeni), San Paolo Pilgrim Hospital, Sant’Agostino Auditorium, Piazza Gentili, the walls, Scipione Gentili Museum, Giacomo Leopardi Theatre. Caldarola - Small town of 1900 inhabitants, rich in art and history. Caldarola, birthplace of the painter Simone De Magistris (16th Century), is situated at the foot of the impressive castle, which with its Guelph battlements dominates the village below. The first traces both of the castle and the village date back to the 9th Century and the maximum splendour was during the 16th Century under the control of the Pallotta family. The Cardinal Evangelista Pallotta radically changed his hometown culturally and urbanistically, and transformed the square and the castle. During the Second World War Caldarola was an important Resistance site of Macerata province. The famous Gran Fondo Sibillini cycling event, that each year brings thousands of fans on the roads of the nearby Sibillini Mountains National Park, has been having its departure and arrival in Caldarola for over 20 years. What to see: Pallotta Castle, Pallotta Palace (Town Hall), San Martino Collegiate, Municipal Theatre, Santi Gregorio e Valentino Church, Canonesses Regular of the Lateran Monastery, Antiquarium, Resistance Civic Museum. Camerino - altitude: 661 m, distance from starting point: 83,5 Km This hilltop town overlooks the hills and the valleys of Chienti and Potenza river, remembering the ancient power and wealth. Camerino (7000 inhabitants) in fact owes part of its glorious history to its favourable geographical position. The first village was founded by the Umbri Camerti, later allied with Rome and from 101 BC Roman citizens. Camerino in the year 1000 was already a flourishing and independent Commune, initially under the Ghibelline flag and then under the Guelphs; in 1259 it suffered from the destruction by the imperial army. But later Camerino have lived its most prosperous period with the advent of the Da Varano family. Thanks to this lordship, which ruled the town from the 13th Century up to the middle of the 16th Century with very brief interruptions, Camerino became one of the most important town of Central Italy from an economic, artistic and demographic point of view. The first traces of a nascent university can be found in this flourishing period: in fact in the first half of 1300 a Study of Law was already established. The University of Camerino is one of the oldest universities in Italy together with the near University of Macerata. After the period of the Da Varano, the town became delegated capital under the direct control of the Church up to 1860, then with the victory of constitutional monarchy (Risorgimento) it joined the Kingdom of Italy. The town of Camerino suffered two earthquakes, one in 1799 and one in 1997, which caused a serious damage both to the town buildings and to the local economy. In Camerino an important historical re-enactment takes place every year, the “Corsa della Spada” (sword race), in which the three neighbourhoods of the town challenge each other. What to see: Piazza Cavour (University seat, beautiful renaissance little square), Ducal Palace, Cathedral, Archbishop

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Palace and Museum (with important collections), San Francesco Church, San Filippo Church (with a painting by Tiepolo), Santa Maria in Via Church, Borgia Fortress, San Venanzio Basilica, Bongiovanni Municipal Palace, Filippo Marchetti Theatre, Archaeological Museum, botanic garden, Annunziata Ducal Temple.

Macerata

Mogliano Loro Piceno

Camerino

Caldarola

San Ginesio

Path notes

Camerino

Caldarola

San Ginesio

Loro Piceno

Mogliano

Abbadia di Fiastra

Macerata

Considering the elevation profile the way to go is quite challenging, both in terms of distance and number of climbs to face. The average climbing gradient is around 5%, but there are continuous slopes to be tackled and this makes the route suitable only for trained cyclists. The road from Macerata to Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Abbey has a significant vehicular traffic.

Elevation profile

700 600 500 400 300 200

m

100

0

Km

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

83,8

Route Km 0

Departure in Macerata, Piazza della Libertà (in front of the University of Macerata seat). Take Corso Matteotti to get out of the city centre. Outside the city walls turn left to follow Foligno/Tolentino directions.

Km 1,1

At the end of Via Trento turn left to stay onto Via Roma.

Km 7,4

Turn left toward Abbadia di Fiastra, then continue straight.

Km 12

Turn left toward Abbadia di Fiastra. Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Abbey is on the left at the next junction. The tour goes on: turn right toward Petriolo, the first climb begins.

Km 18,4 Sharp right at the junction toward Mogliano, continue onto the main road. Km 24

Turn right at the junction toward Mogliano/Loro Piceno.

Km 25

Mogliano historical centre is on the right at the junction. The tour goes on: turn right toward Loro Piceno.

Km 25,4 Turn left at the fork toward Loro Piceno, continue onto the main road to follow Loro Piceno. Km 32

Arriving in Loro Piceno continue straight toward Sant’Angelo in Pontano.

Km 33,3 Turn left at the junction toward Sant’Angelo in Pontano. Km 41,5 Turn right toward SS78/Macerata.

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Km 43,7 Continue straight at the traffic light (crossing the SS78) toward San Ginesio. The climb leading to San Ginesio begins. Km 50

Arriving in San Ginesio you are in front of the impressive Porta Picena (historical town entrance). The tour goes on: keep left to follow Caldarola directions, the downhill begins.

Km 62,5 Arriving in Caldarola cross Piazza Vittorio Emanuele. Leaving Caldarola turn left toward the Caccamo lake. Km 65

Arriving at Caccamo village turn left to onto Via Nazionale toward Camerino. Continue to stay onto SP77 toward Camerino up to Sfercia.

Km 74,5 At Sfercia turn right toward Camerino, the last climb of the route begins after few kilometres of slight slope. Km 81,2 Turn right at the fork toward Camerino town centre, the last few kilometres of climbing. Km 82,7 Turn left to enter the town centre walls following Piazza Cavour directions. Km 83,5 The tour is over in front of the Ducal Palace, into the cultural and historical heart of Camerino.

Tourist information office Macerata Piazza della Libertà, 9 tel. +39 0733 234807 e-mail: iat.macerata@provincia.mc.it Tolentino - Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Piazza della Libertà, 18 tel. +39 0733 972937 e-mail: informazioni@vivitolentino.it Mogliano Via Roma, 54 tel. +39 0733 557771 Loro Piceno P.zza G. Matteotti, 2 tel. +39 0733 509112 San Ginesio Via Capocastello, 35 tel. +39 0733 652056 e-mail: info@sanginesio.sinp.net Comunità Montana dei Monti Azzurri: +39 0733 656336 Caldarola Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, 13 tel. +39 0733 905529 Camerino Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, 21 tel. +39 0737 632534 e-mail: proloco@camerino.sinp.net

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Route 8 From Camerino to the Monti Sibillini National Park

Camerino

Camerino, panorama

Visso

Distance: 37,5 km Difficulty: medium/high Gradient: max 10% Altitude: max 794 m Gearing: 39x26 Vehicular traffic: medium

Visso

Castelsantangelo sul Nera

Places of interest Camerino - altitude: 661 m, distance from starting point: 0 Km This hilltop town overlooks the hills and the valleys of Chienti and Potenza river, remembering the ancient power and wealth. Camerino (7000 inhabitants) in fact owes part of its glorious history to its favourable geographical position. The first village was founded by the Umbri Camerti, later allied with Rome and from 101 BC Roman citizens. Camerino in the year 1000 was already a flourishing and independent Commune, initially under the Ghibelline flag and then under the Guelphs; in 1259 it suffered from the destruction by the imperial army. But later Camerino have lived its most prosperous period with the advent of the Da Varano family. Thanks to this lordship, which ruled the town from the 13th Century up to the middle of the 16th Century with very brief interruptions, Camerino became one of the most important town of Central Italy from an economic, artistic and demographic point of view. The first traces of a nascent university can be found in this flourishing period: in fact in the first half of 1300 a Study of Law was already established. The University of Camerino is one of the oldest universities in Italy together with the near University of Macerata. After the period of the Da Varano, the town became delegated capital under the direct control of the Church up to 1860, and then with the victory of constitutional monarchy (Risorgimento) it joined the Kingdom of Italy. The town of Camerino suffered two earthquakes, one in 1799 and one in 1997, which caused a serious damage both to the town buildings and to the local economy. In Camerino an important historical re-enactment takes place every year, the “Corsa della Spada� (sword race), in which the three neighbourhoods of the town challenge each other. What to see: Piazza Cavour (University seat, beautiful renaissance little square), Ducal Palace, Cathedral, Archbishop Palace and Museum (with important collections), San Francesco Church, San Filippo Church (with a painting by Tiepolo), Santa Maria in Via Church, Borgia Fortress, San Venanzio Basilica, Bongiovanni Municipal Palace, Filippo Marchetti Theatre, Archaeological Museum, botanic garden, Annunziata Ducal Temple. Muccia - altitude: 454 m, distance from starting point: 8 Km Muccia is a small village of 900 inhabitants, which is characterized by its strategic geographical position, here the ancient Via Flaminia crosses the road axis (once very important) connecting Matelica to Visso. It lies on the slopes of a

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hill (on the top of which Camerino is located) along the Chienti river and a few kilometres from the Sibillini Mountains National Park. The village has a medieval urbanistic structure and its narrow lanes have kept their charm unchanged for centuries. What to see: Santa Maria Di Varano Church, San Biagio Church, Vicolo Castello, Villa La Maddalena. Pieve Torina - altitude: 470 m, distance from starting point: 13,5 Km Pieve Torina (1500 inhabitants) lies in the green pastures and woods near the Torricchio Mountain Nature Reserve and the Sibillini Mountains National Park. The village has ancient origins, as witnessed by the necropolis remains (from 8th to 7th Century BC) discovered near the hamlet of Lucciano. Its history is similar to the one of its neighboring towns, in the late Middle Ages the village was under the Da Varano family of Camerino and later followed the fortunes of the Pontifical State up to the annexation to the Kingdom of Italy. What to see: Santa Maria dell’Assunta Church, Sant’Angelo in Prefoglio hermitage (a few kilometres from the village), San Giovanni Church and Museum, Nostra Terra Museum, Torricchio Mountain Nature Reserve. Visso - altitude: 607 m, distance from starting point: 29,5 Km Visso is a town of considerable historical and naturalistic interest, a renowned tourist resort and seat of the Sibillini Mountains National Park, since the year of its establishment in 1993. According to tradition Visso was founded 907 years before Rome by the Naharci, Sabine tribes devoted to sheep farming. The history of Visso was heavily influenced by its position at the road junction between Rome and Camerino, this territory has long been disputed by the Duchy of Spoleto, the Da Varano of Camerino and the Church, which has accompanied the town up to the Italian Unification in Italy when it passed from Umbria to the Marches government. The historical centre is particularly interesting, it lies on the bank of Nera river and its walls and fortifications are framed by the surrounding woods. Piazza dei Martiri Vissani is the main square, where some of the most important buildings are located. Visso is known for the production of the “ciauscolo”, typical sausage of the Macerata inland, made from pork meat and fat mixed with spices and stuffed. What to see: Piazza dei Martiri Vissani, Santa Maria Collegiate, Sant’Agostino Church and Museum, Priori Palace, Divino Amore Palace, Governatori Palace, Macereto Sanctuary (10 km from Visso). Castelsantangelo sul Nera - altitude: 780 m, distance of starting point: 37,5 Km Small village of just 300 inhabitants, located in the heart of the Sibillini Mountains National Park and popular as tourist resort both in summer and wintertime, the head of Nera river is in its surroundings. Its history is linked to Norcia, from which got “liberated” in 1522 fighting alongside the Vissani. The medieval urban structure is still preserved, the ancient walls climbing uphill form a particular triangular shape. What to see: San Martino Church, Santo Stefano Church, San Sebastiano Church, Santa Maria Castellare Church, San Liberatore Monastery, the walls, Cervo Eco-Museum.

Elevation profile

700

Castelsantangelo sul Nera

Visso

Muccia

Muccia

Pieve Torina

800

Maddalena

Camerino

Camerino

600

Pieve Torina

500

m

400

0

Km

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Path Notes

Visso

This route leads to the heart of Sibillini Mountains National Park and, though the distance is relatively short, it is a quite challenging track. At Maddalena di Muccia, turning right the road begins to climb, in the first few kilometres as a slight slope, but after Pieve Torina the gradients are more challenging. The last 4 kilometres the slope reach a gradient of 10%. At the end of this stretch there is a low-lit tunnel, the utmost attention must be paid. Between Muccia and Maddalena the vehicular traffic is significant. For the more reckless we suggest an extension of the route: leaving Castelsantangelo sul Nera turn left toward Castelluccio di Norcia, the highest village in the Apennines (1452 m), which is located on a hill between two plateaus and in front of the Vettore Mountain. Castelluccio is a place of endless charm, but the way to get there is a climb of 10 km with average gradient of 10%.

Castelsantangelo sul Nera 37


Route Km 0

Departure in Camerino, Piazzale della Vittoria (in front of Borgia Fortress). Head downhill Via Cesare Battisti and keep right to stay onto Via Dante Alighieri gettino out from the walls.

Km 0,5

Turn left at the junction toward Muccia.

Km 1

Turn left at the junction and continue downhill toward Muccia.

Km 8

Arriving in Muccia continue straight up to the junction with SS77, then turn left toward Visso.

Km 10

At Maddalena turn right toward Visso, slight slope.

Km 13,5 At Pieve Torina continue straight onto SP209. Km 21

The road begins to climb significantly.

Km 25,3 End of the climb and beginning of the descent leading to Visso. Along this stretch there is a low-lit tunnel. For avoiding the tunnel, turn left at the previous junction to follow Visso directions (3 km detour). Km 29,5 Crossing Visso continue to follow Castelsantangelo sul Nera directions. Km 37,5 The route ends between the lanes of Castelsantangelo sul Nera, under the castle walls ruins.

Tourist information office Camerino Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, 21 tel. +39 0737 632534 e-mail: proloco@camerino.sinp.net Visso Piazza Martiri Vissani, 21 tel. +39 0737 9239 Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini: +39 0737 972711 Castelsantangelo sul Nera Piazza S. Spirito, 1 tel. +39 0737 970039 Casa del Parco dei Monti Sibillini: +39 0737 970039

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Route 9 Between history and nature along the valleys of Chienti and Fiastra

Castello della Rancia - panorama

Urbs Salvia - anfiteatro

Castello della Rancia

Distance: 16,5 km Difficulty: low Gradient: max 6% Altitude: max 260 m Gearing: 39x23 Vehicular traffic: medium

Abbadia di Fiastra

Places of interest Castello della Rancia - altitude: XXXX m, distance from starting point: XXXX Km The castle is located on the left bank of the Chienti river, 7 kilometres from Tolentino, with its embattled walls and the impressive tower it rises in the plain below. The castle name comes from the function of the original building core (12th Century), it was indeed a grange (granary) owned by the Fiastra Abbey. The former building core, the granary, has become the tower: about 30 meters high, consists of four floors (the second floor was the apartment of the farmer, later of the chatelain). The grange was transformed into a fortress between 1353 and 1357 by the architect Andrea Beltrami from Como on the orders of Rodolfo II Da Varano of Camerino, who had realized the great strategic potential of the structure from a military point of view. Later the castle has lost again its military function and has been used as a farmhouse. The importance of its geographical position is witnessed by the many battles fought in the shadow of the castle over the centuries, one the most important was fought in 1815 between the Austrian troops and the troops of Gioacchino Murat. Now the castle houses the Archaeological Museum with its very important collection of Picentes findings. What to see: Gentiloni Silverj Archaeological Civic Museum, the tower, walkways, portico, small Baroque chapel, the battle of 1815 re-enactment. Parco archeologico di Urbs Salvia - altitude: XXX m, distance from starting point: XXXXXXX Km Urbs Salvia Archaeological Park is undoubtedly the most important archaeological area of the Marche region and one of most important in the Central Italy, both for dimension and preservation of its monuments. The town, part of the Regium V Picenum region, was founded around the 1st Century BC and was a flourishing centre. Its location was not accidental, in fact, its location is the crossroads of two major roads: the one connetting Firmum (Fermo) to Septempeda (San Severino Marche) and the one from Asculum (Ascoli) over Ricin (Villa Potenza) to Auximum (Osimo). «Se tu riguardi Luni e Urbisaglia / Come son ite e come se ne vanno / Di retro ad esse Chiusi e Sinigaglia / Udir come le schiatte si disfanno / Non ti parrà cosa nova né forte / Poscia che le cittadi termine hanno». Even Dante Alighieri in the sixteenth Canto of Paradise tells the story of this ancient town and its vestiges. Urbs Salvia after centuries of

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splendour was attacked and sacked by the Goths under Alaric around 410, the town has been gradually abandoned and its ruins used as building materials for the villages built later on (in particular for the town of Urbisaglia, on the hill overlooking the ancient Urbs Salvia). The archaeological area covers 40 ha and it stretches from the hill to the plain. The impressive and fascinating ruins can be visited along a walking path of about 1 km. What to see: tank of the Roman aqueduct, theatre, arcade building, Criptoporticus temple dedicated to Salus Augusta, amphitheater (still used during the summer for classical theatre performances, proving the excellent preservation), the walls, Urbisaglia State Archaeological Museum, Urbisaglia Fortress. Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra - altitude: 180 m, distance from starting point: XXXX Km This church was built by the Cistercian monks in 1142, it is certainly one of the best preserved monastery of the Cistercian Order in Italy. The story says that twelve monks from the Chiaravalle Abbey of Milan built the monastery mainly using the stones from the nearby Roman town of Urbs Salvia. After the construction phase during the 12th Century, the monks were dealt to reclamation and agricultural development of the surrounding area. After centuries of development, the abbey was looted and faced several mishaps, until it returned to the Cistercian monks in 1985. Since 1984, the abbey and its surroundings have been part of the Natural Reserve of Fiastra, established by the Giustiniani Bandini Foundation and the Marche Region, in order to protect the valuable natural and artistic patrimony. What to see: Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Church, monastery (the cloister is particularly impressive), Giustiniani Bandini Palace (19th Century), the forest with its flora and fauna treasures (extended to more than 100 ha, a rare and wonderful example of the woods, which previously covered the area of Macerata).

Castello della Rancia Abbadia di Fiastra

Urbs Salvia

Path notes

Abbadia di Fiastra

Urbs Salvia

Castello della Rancia

It is rare to find such a historical and naturalistic treasures in a few kilometres. The proposed route is just 16,5 km long and although it includes some short climbs, it is certainly not challenging. The uphill roads are not longer than a few hundred metres and the maximum gradient is 6%. The vehicular traffic is significant only in the short stretch along Strada Picena (SP78). In the second part of the route there are stretches of unpaved road (however in good condition), please pay attention.

Elevation profile

300 250 200 150 100

m

50

0

Km

2,5

5

7,5

10

12,5

15

17,5

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Route Km 0

Departure from the imposing Rancia castle. Leaving the castle turn right to stay onto SP77.

Km 1,3

Turn right toward SS77 (motorway), continue straight not to enter the motorway. Turn right at the next junction onto Contrada Divina Pastora, unpaved road.

Km 4

Turn left at the junction to stay onto Contrada Divina Pastora.

Km 5

Turn left at the fork, the road climbs.

Km 8,5

Take the first right at the end of the climb.

Km 9,6

Keep the right at the fork continuing downhill, then the road goes uphill.

Km 10,5 Turn right at the junction with SP78, continue straight at the next roundabouts. Pay attention to the vehicular traffic. Km 12,2 Urbs Salvia Archaeological Park. Turn left to stay onto the unpaved road skirting the roman amphitheatre. Continue straight for 400 metres, then turn left at the fork. Km 13,9 Continue straight at the junction (asphalted road). After few hundred metres the road climbs. Km 15,2 At the end of the climb turn left downhill toward Fiastra Abbey. Km 16,5 The route is over in front of the Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Abbey.

Tourist information office Tolentino - Abbazia di Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra - Castello della Rancia Piazza della LibertĂ , 18 tel. +39 0733 972937 e-mail: informazioni@vivitolentino.it Urbisaglia (Parco archeologico di Urbs Salvia) Via Sacrario tel. +39 0733 506566 e-mail: info@urbisaglia.com

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Bike Touring information and support Bike mobility Ass. Ciclo Stile Via Cadorna 10, Macerata tel. +39 334 3068027 e-mail: info@ciclostilemc.it www.ciclostilemc.it Gruca onlus Via Cadorna 10, Macerata tel. +39 333 5830881 e-mail: info@gruca.it www.gruca.it Bike Touring guides and services Risorse cooperativa Via Mugnoz 5/a, Macerata tel. 0733280035 e-mail: info@risorsecoop.it www.risorsecoop.it Ass. Alter Eco tel. +39 328 3835482 e-mail: ass.altereco@gmail.com www.associazionealtereco.blogspot.com Specialized dealer and technical assistance Emporio Bici di Lambertucci Michele Via Bonifazio Fausti 3, Corridonia servizi: vendita, assistenza, noleggio tel. +39 0733 292055 e-mail: emporiobici@libero.it BIB Sport Via Tano 52, Macerata tel. +39 0733 201191 servizi: vendita, assistenza, noleggio e-mail: bibsport@libero.it www.bibsport.it Due ruote di Massetani Renato C.da Campomaggio 72/a, Morrovalle servizi: vendita, assistenza tel. +39 0733 564965 Non solo bici di Vecchi L. Via Brodolini 1, Porto Recanati servizi: vendita, assistenza, noleggio tel. +39 071 7590488 44


e-mail: bicienonsolo@tiscali.it Bike Center di Emilio Capaldi Via Settempda 112, San Severino Marche servizi: vendita, assistenza, noleggio, lavaggio bici tel. +39 0733 645340 e-mail: info@bikecenterce.com www.bikecenterce.com Fabbrica biciclette Trubbiani srl Via Arno 1, Treia servizi: produzione, vendita, assistenza tel. +39 0733 561248 e-mail: info@trubbianicicli.it www.trubbianicicli.it Tourist information Regione Marche www.turismo.marche.it Provincia di Macerata www.turismo.provinciamc.it www.gustitipicimaceratesi.it Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini Piazza del Forno 1, Visso tel. +39 0737 972711 e-mail: informazioni@sibillini.net www.sibillini.net Comunità montana dei Monti Azzurri Via Piave 12, San Ginesio tel. +39 0733 656336 www.montiazzurri.it Comunità montana di San Severino Viale Mazzini 29, San Severino Marche tel. +39 0733 637246 www.comsanseverino.sinp.net Comunità montana di Camerino Via Venanzio Varano, Camerino tel. +39 0737 61751 www.comcamerino.sinp.net Public Transport Aereoporto Raffaello Sanzio di Ancona tel. +39 071 28271 www.ancona-airport.com

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Linea ferroviaria Civitanova - Albacina www.trenitalia.com - Stazione ferroviaria Macerata P.za XXV Aprile, 10 tel. +39 0733 240354 - Stazione ferroviaria Civitanova Marche P.za Rosselli tel. +39 0733 812907

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Sostenitori

Comune di Porto Recanati Promotori

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Provincia di Macerata in Bici - EN