Summary of Key Proposals for Chapter V

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Summary of Key Proposals for Chapter V: Framework for Action and Follow‐up, Zero Draft Briefing by David O’Connor, DSD/DESA

Outline of Chapter V Framework for action and follow‐up • Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral issues and areas • Accelerating and measuring progress (SDGs, GDP …) • Means of implementation (finance, access to and transfer of technology, capacity building)

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral …………..issues and areas • Most countries emphasize nutrition, sustainable agriculture and fisheries: some call for global food and nutrition security • Water: some propose universal access as goal; formulations on right to water differ • Energy: critical role of energy in SD recognized by all; broad support for universal access; role of new and renewable energy country‐specific

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • Cities: proposal to address rural development and rural‐urban linkages – many emphasize affordable housing, infrastructure and basic services; others stress sustainable urban design and planning – platform for sustainable cities for future proposal

• Green jobs and social inclusion: deficit of decent work needs to be addressed; variable emphasis on green jobs as part of solution

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • Oceans, seas and SIDS: many propose separate section on SIDS – Reporting, monitoring, assessment of marine env, including capacity building for marine scientific research, inter alia on ocean acidification – Some emphasize faster progress toward target for marine protected areas – No consensus on negotiating implementing agreement of UNCLOS on marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • Strong support for measures to control illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and restore depleted fish stocks • Also broad support for strengthened disciplines under WTO on fisheries subsidies • Support small fishers and provide greater market access for fisheries products of developing countries

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • SIDS: strong emphasis on implementation of BPOI and MSI, including SIDS conference • Natural disaster: strong emphasis on risk reduction and resilience; post‐Hyogo • Climate change: implement Durban outcome • Forests and biodiversity: – Strong emphasis on strengthened forest financing, robust governance – Also, Strategic Plan for BD, Nagoya Protocol, Aichi targets, strengthening of CITES, int’l partnerships

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • Land degradation, desertification: monitoring, land restoration, mitigation of impacts; elements of land degradation target • Mountains: emphasis on CC impacts on mtns, vulnerability of mtn communities, conservation of mtn ecosystems • Chemicals, waste: synergies among Conventions; plastics, electronic waste; 3Rs • SCP: broad agreement on 10YFP in some form

Priority/key/thematic/cross‐sectoral ……………….…..issues and areas (cont’d) • Education: reaffirmation of right to education, equal access for girls/women; strong emphasis on strengthening educ systems and infra; educ for SD beyond decade • Gender equality: accelerate implementation of commitments; access to productive resources, land and other assets, job opportunities; participation in decision‐ making; coherence of UN system on gender

Proposed new themes/priorities • • • • • • • •

Eradication of poverty Sustainable tourism Sustainable transport Harmony with nature Health Infrastructure Africa Other groups/regions w/ SD challenges

LDCs Atmosphere Population and health Private sector Sustainable innovation and investment • Correct price signals • Mining • • • • •

Accelerating and measuring progress: ……………….SDGs in Zero Draft • Asks for Rio+20 to devise a process to define Sustainable Development Goals – a set of global Sustainable Development Goals that reflect an integrated and balanced treatment of the three dimensions of sustainable development, and are universal and applicable to all countries – a mechanism for periodic follow‐up and reporting on progress made toward their achievement.

• Lists suggested themes to be covered under the Goals • Calls for establishment of one set of goals by 2015 which are part of 2015 UN Development Agenda • Calls for capacity building to collect and analyze data.

Proposed amendments to Zero Draft • Broad (not yet universal) agreement that Rio+20 should launch SDGs. – Various principles have been proposed (ensure implementation of A21 and JPOI, universality, CBDR, right to development) – Address cross‐cutting issues (poverty eradication, gender, equity) – Build on and complement MDGs; one post‐2015 framework

• Not broad support at present for defining coverage of goals (some suggest definition of goals should be country‐driven) • Even less for agreeing specific goals at Rio+20 … but • A number of proposed amendments suggest possible areas for goals if not goals themselves – e.g., on land degradation, food, water, energy, and cities.

Means of implementation

• Strong emphasis on fulfillment of all financial commitments, including those for Africa – proposal for establishment of new credit facilities by IFIs to augment resources for SD – emphasis on innovative sources and mechanisms for finance of SD

• Capacity bldg – stress on human resource development, exchange of expertise, knowledge transfer and technical assistance – proposal for capacity development scheme for GESDPE

Means of implementation (cont’d)

• Science and Technology: – Enhanced scientific exchanges – Proposal to create International Mechanism for Technology Transfer under GA – Another proposal for global fund for voluntary contributions to facilitate transfer of green tech – Reference to ‘assured access to ESTs’ – Strengthened research networks, centres of excellence

Means of implementation

• Trade: engine for development; open and fair trade system – Full participation, inclusiveness and transparency in all areas of WTO work – Elimination of environmentally harmful subsidies – Facilitation of foreign investment, trade in and dissemination of goods and services that contribute to sustainable development – Strengthened implementation of aid‐for‐trade

Registry of commitments

Broad support but not consensus; elements: • voluntary • information about commitments fully transparent and accessible to the public • accompanied by an appropriate follow‐up mechanism

Final proposal (relating to IFSD)

• Increased UN inter‐agency coordination for SD • Mainstreaming of SD into QCPR • Strategic framework and reform of HLCP to incorporate env and social sustainability into development activities of UN system

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