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From Lattakia with Love

By iEARN Local History team : Alaa Saqer

Mary Al-Hassan

Zainab Ghanem

Aya Al-Qadi

Mery Adwani

Zainab Hasan

Aya Kalthoum

Miray Khoury

Daiana Barbhan

Nermin Saqour

Haya Younes

Niam Khalifeh

Joelle Moussa

Reem Haidar

Joudi Douay

Sidra Saqour

From Lattakia with Love

And facilitators : Hiba Kheirbeik Malak Saleh

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To all the youth all over the world who w

ants to learn with the Syrians cidently about them …………

and not ac

Special thanks to: Samah AlJundi Shadi Nseir Zulfekar Hassan Syrian Youth Council Syrian Computer Society And Loai Sleimeh High School

From Lattakia with Love

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Our story Hiba Kheirbeik, iEARN Syria Local History Facilitator, who is passionate about archeology and youth working met Malak Saleh, a dedicated and inspired English teacher, and they started

true

friendship

and

mutual

cooperation.

Malak,

generously, offered Hiba the chance to work with brilliant students of Loai Slemeh School. Local History Project & Project Based Learning have changed the team life by opening the window to live local history in a stimulating way, to learn & understand the messages behind every stone in a site or museum, to listen to every column, icon or gate to fancy the life at that era and lift our souls and sharpen our tools to shape history by building productive present. In this delicate political crisis time, people all over the world should pause and give everything a second thought to find answers. Why killing people and stones? Why destroying ruins,

infrastructure,

schools,

universities,

research

centers….oh the list is too long! The destruction we watch on media has negative impacts on all so who may stop it? Who will stop the smell of death and swap it with lemon and jasmine odor? Like reflects like, so Syrians will send love and peace and will write on the face of the sun:" Let's peace prevail, and let's peace start by me"…… Best regards from the cradle of Alphabet, Lattakia. Samah AlJundi, iEARN Syrian Coordinator

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Introduction:

iEARN (International Education and Resources Network) Syria is a group of trainers and trainees working together to spot the light on the importance of sharing information through the net and applying this information in their real life. It also aims at matching the trainees’ knowledge with the reality by doing projects.

This booklet is the achievement of LHP (Local History Project) team. We will introduce to you some information about the places that we have visited and share articles and photos

of

the

sites.

The

articles

will

be

ordered

chronologically.

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Ugarit

In 1928, by chance, a cemetery was found in a field near the Gulf of Mina AlBayda. From Lattakia with Love

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This discovery was the starting point of the investigation and exploration in Ras AlChamra hill. An excavation began on this site in all of Mina AlBayda and expanded to the large hill to the east in 1929 and, continues till now with some interruptions.

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Exploration showed eighteen layers, the oldest of which returns to the second half of the seventh millennium BC., to the Neolithic period, and then layers rolled which indicate the continuation of human activity in antiquity through the Bronze Age era, which began at Ras AlChamra about 2900 BC.

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Most of the population in that era were Canaanites and some of the ruins and the tables discovered in Iraq, and Ebla show that the city was named 'Ugarit' about 2500 BC., a derivative of the word «Ogaaro» which means “the field” in the Akkadian language.

Archaeological excavations so far showed only one-third of the city and the most From Lattakia with Love

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important

locations

are

the

formal

neighborhood, the luxurious royal palace with its accessories, fortifications of the city, the military ruler Apartments, the Palace of the Queen, and sections of neighborhoods of the city such as the temple of the god, Dajan, and the Temple of god, Baal, the library and a large number of graves.

As an indicator of Ugarit’s agricultural activity, and crafts and maritime trade, From Lattakia with Love

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A number of economic facilities such as olive presses and the Palace of the Foreign Trade Department, shops and tools which were used at that time, were discovered.

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However, the most important discovery was the oldest alphabet in the world, dating back to the fourth century BC. It consists cuneiform,

of

thirty

each

one

characters

or

symbolizes

a

consonant sound independently. Ugarit alphabet arrangement was also used in the Greek and Arabic alphabets, and it was written from left to right.

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Bacchus Temple

The remains of Bacchus Temple, located to the north of Arch de Triumph about 200 meters to the western side of AlTaabiyat Avenue.

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Bacchus was the God of wine and vine in Syrian mythology and then he occupied a significant position among the Roman and Greek Gods.

The remains of the temple are four huge pillars of sand stone, each 8 meters high. The

crowns

of

From Lattakia with Love

these

columns

are 13


accurately carved in Corinthian-style with three huge Lintels deposited above, and penthouse decorated in the form of carved vine leaves and fruit.

From Lattakia with Love

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Mar Taqla church

Mar Taqla area used to be a cemetery during the Roman era (64BC., till 365AD.). Taqla was a saint born to non-believing parents.

She

believed

in

Jesus Christ

but

everyone in her city, Nicosia, wanted to kill her because she was a believer. From Lattakia with Love

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She therefore

escaped to Damascus,

however she passed by Lattakia on her way and stayed for a while. Since she was being pursued, she hid in one of the cemeteries in Lattakia, where

people

later built a small church under the cemetery she hid in.

Since Saint Taqla left the church in 40 AD, water has been leaking from the rocks above the church, and to this day,

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people believe that this water has holy attributes and is a miracle.

The church was reopened and renovated in 2008 and is now one of the most significant archaeological sites in the city of Lattakia.

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Arch de triumph

The Arch was built to commemorate the victory of the Roman Emperor of Syrian origins, Septimius Severus, in the second century in 194 AD., as a reward from the From Lattakia with Love

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emperor for the support he offered in his war against Cassius.

It was built of sand stone square-shaped 12 meters long and 16 meters high, topped by a hemispherical dome.

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Both

of

its

faces

are

decorated,

internally and externally, by sculptures and embossed representing the badges of victory;

swords,

gears,

helmets

and

spears which were warriors’ hardware during the Roman period. The most amazing thing about this Arch is the fact that it was decorated with inscriptions of plants which grow in the city of Lattakia; the giant ferns and Lattakia red flower.

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The arch is still in good condition and a small public park was built around it recently.

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Jableh Roman amphitheater

The amphitheater is in the middle of Jableh city near

the

old

city

from

the

eastern side.

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Jableh amphitheater is one of the most important theaters in the world and the second in Syria after Bosra AlCham amphitheater. It was built on a flat land at the beginning of the second century AD., by the Roman Emperor of Syrian origins Lucius Septimius Severus.

It accommodates 8000 spectators and has 17 entrances.

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It is also worth mentioning that there were many shops under the theater.

Such a great theater reflects a very developed social and civil lifestyle of this city.

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The Dome Mosque

To the west of Bacchus pillars we can find a small mosque today called "Al-Duha mosque" however it is also referred to by locals as "Dome Mosque" because of the small dome that mediates its roof. From Lattakia with Love

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It is a small mosque which does not geographically exceed 150 square meters. The building used to be a Temple for worshipping Idols, then a Church, and was then converted to a mosque at the beginning of the Islamic era.

Two windows in the shape of a cross can be noticed, showing that the building was indeed a church at one time.

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It is also important to point out that this mosque is located within the oldest area in "Lattakia" near the Hanging Church and the Arc de Triumph and the Cathedral and some of the old schools.

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Sultan Ibrahim Mosque

Sultan Ibrahim Bin AlAdham mosque is located in the middle of Jableh, and is one of the well-built mosques on the Syrian coast.

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It was built after the death of Sultan Ibrahim bin Aladham in 1024 AD. The Mamluk

method

of

architecture

is

displayed in this mosque.

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We can see fine decorations and also the Sultan tomb which is located in the south east corner of the mosque.

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Lattakia National Museum

Lattakia museum -located in the western side of the city next to the port- was built in the 17th century. At that time, the museum was a Khan (hotel). In fact, it was one of many as Lattakia was and still From Lattakia with Love

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is a vital commercial city which played a significant role. The museum is 2750 square meters with two stairs surrounded by a marvelous 1 hectare garden, which is considered an outdoor museum.

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During the past few hundred years, the museum was used as a Khan and then a storehouse for tobacco; one of the original crops in Lattakia. In the 19th century during the Turkish occupation, the Turkish government used it as a headquarters for the governor, and off course during the French occupation; since the Khan was one of the finest buildings

in

the

representative

city,

chose

it

the to

French be

his

residence. 1945 was the last year the Khan

was

occupied

by

foreigners, because after

the

French evacuation, the

Syrian

General

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Directorate

for 33


Museums & Ruins renovated it and reopened it as the National Museum in 1986.

The museum consists of six halls, the first one contains Ugarit ruins, the second contains Ibn Hani ruins; a famous From Lattakia with Love

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seaside area on the outskirts of Lattakia, the third contains ruins of the classical era (Roman, Byzantine, and Greek), the forth hall contains Islamic ruins, the fifth contains modern Lattakian art, and the last one is the museum archive.

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Latin Church

The Franciscans arrived in the city of Lattakia in 1733, and built a small monastery and church (Old Church) in 1829, and then they built a new church named the Sacred Heart of Jesus in From Lattakia with Love

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1933. The Church is famous for its unique design and high-rise construction, with two high towers which are the first to be seen by ships arriving to Lattakia. The Latin Church overlooks the port directly, and it is located in the middle of "Baghdad" street.

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The church was built by the Italian architect

"Ergona"

and

his

wife

"Avduquea", with limestone and is brickroofed. The Temple faces the entrance and the church contains a very large lobby, in addition to a range of multipurpose small rooms.

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The team’s reflections: Aya Kalthoum: This was the perfect experiment that I have ever done. I learned how to be more active in my society, to be much more helpful. We are drawing our future in a good way, and we also are proud about our history… So thanks for all people who help us to achieve this project and we will continue, we will never stop…. Reem Haidar: I am so proud that I took part in' I Earn Syria' because I could know much more about the history of Syria and its wonderful ruins, and I also learned how to depend on myself to find the truth in everything. Haya

al-Hasan:

i

have

enjoyed

this

wonderful experience very much From Lattakia with Love

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It was my first experience and I hope to be repeated again. I learned a lot, such as teamwork

and

be

more

useful

and

effective in the community. Thanks to all who helped us make this project happen ..I am very proud of our history and Certainly Syria. Mary al-Hasan: It was a very beautiful experience we did a lot of things like exploring, learning about the history and working as a team. I love this experience very much because it taught us how to save our city, history and culture. at the end i am really proud to be a member in iEARN Syria. Zeinab

Ghanem:

it

was

a

perfect

experience ..... I learned more about my From Lattakia with Love

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country by working as a team, we were collecting the information together to discover our civilization and culture of my country. I love it because it taught us that everybody have energy in his self so we can save our city and be more active in our society .finally i am proud to be a member in iEARN Syria and thanks for all people who help us in this project ....

From Lattakia with Love

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Index: Our story

page 3

Introduction

page 4

Ugarit (6500 BC.)

page 5

Bacchus temple

page 12

Mar Taqla Church

page 15

(40 AD.) Arch

de

Triumph

page 18

(194AD.) Jableh Amphitheater

page 22

(2nd century) The Dome Mosque

page 25

Sultan Ibrahim Mosque

page 28

(1024 AD.) National Museum

page 31

(17th century) Latin Church (1733 AD.)

page 36

Reflections

page 39

From Lattakia with Love

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From Lattakia with Love

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16094 booklet syria  
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