Example 3: Test Item from the 2006 PISA Science Assessment The following test item is from the 2006 PISA science assessment. The item is assessing the studentâ€™s understanding of research studies. This item requires that students have a working knowledge of research procedures in setting up a study. It taps the studentâ€™s prior knowledge. A student who had not studied research design would not be able to answer the questions correctly.
Source: OECD (2006). Assessing scientific, reading, and mathematical literacy: A framework for PISA 2006, pp. 34. Accessed 12/28/10 from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/35/37464175.pdf.
Analysis: This task required that students identify possible purposes of the study. Since both questions tap into their prior knowledge as to study design, it is declarative (know what). The correct answers are: N Y Y N, and for question 2, the assumption is that all other factors for the two groups remained constant.
Know what (Declarative) X
Level of Assessment for the Test Item from 2006 PISA: School Milk Study Know how Know why Know when, why, how Know own learning (Procedural) (Schematic) to apply (Strategic) (Metacognitive)
Assessment brief Metiri