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RICKY

BYFIELD

Independent Practise EGRD3014 Graphic Design Year 3


The Force That Through The Green Fuse Drives The Flower


The first project of the first year was to create a short piece of work that shows who I am and shows my interests. I was able to use forms of media such as photography, illustration, typography, film and sound. I liked the sound of creating a short film based on my life so I decided to carry a hand held video camera around with me and filmed my daily activities, as you can see from the screen grabs on the right they include: - Washing - Working - Lunch - Playing Football - Socialising - Watching Television - Cooking Dinner Once I collected all of my footage and put it in sequence in Final Cut Pro and played it back it did not look great so I decided to add a a up beat track to the background of the video and increased the speed of the video so that my whole day was witnessed on film in under 3 minutes. If I was to do this project again I would change the quality of the video and change my day so it would consist of a video based on how I work as a Student/Graphic Designer. Overall I was pelased with the way it came out and thought that the song went really well with the video.

CLICK HERE to watch video in full


The Five Obstructions: Dogme 95


CLICK HERE to watch video in full CLICK HERE to view Dogme Rules

Following the first video this task was not as simple as we had to follow the 9 rules of Dogme, after reading the rules I knew that if I was to create a video without breaking these rules it would be hard to keep the viewers attention whilst watching. I wanted to create a video about what motivates me, quotes featured in this video are very motivational and I have always been inspired by words of wisdom so I knew that I wanted to create a video about this. I wanted to combine the footage with the quotes so for instance I quoted about the weather being bad so filmed black clouds in the sky. It was hard trying not to break any of the rules however I used text over the images which were not part of the filming so therefore broke rule number five. This video could not be all about my social life like the last one was so I had to include something that I enjoyed about graphics, I included photography, type and computer based graphics to show areas in which I like to work in as a student. If I was to do this video again I would use a tripod, use different quotes which can work with different shots and use a soft mellow instrumental in the background.


Independent Practise: Image Manipulation

Looking back at my practise I really enjoyed image manipulation, although it can be very time consuming it is very good to see the finished piece. Last year I used image manipulation with well known celebrities or famous icons, this year I decided to manipulate images I had taken myself. I didnt know where to start however I actually got my inspiration after I picked the middle of an orange out and it looked like an eye. I then thought about putting together a big fruit bowl and creating parts of the face out of fruit. I used a 50mm macro lense to take fine detailed photographs of the fruit bowl and various fruits and then used a 60D to photograph my parents eyes, mouth and ears. I used Photoshop to create the manipulations, I used filters and blending options to get the parts of the face to look like they were actually part of the fruit. I was really impressed with the detail that the macro lense gave me on the fruit and think that the end results look rather fun. I enjoyed the process of creating these fun manipulations.


Independent Practise: Image Manipulation


Independent Practise: Image Collages

For independant practise last year I broke apart objects to see how much a object needs to be broken before it is seen as something else, I wanted to contiune that this year in a collage form of images. I was inspired by David Hockney to create a set of collages which were formed by broken images. I used a 60D to take the pictures below of things on my travels including a post box and a garden shed. I then cut the images into small square segments and mixed them up so it looked like a unsolved puzzle. I then re-created the object in which the way I thought it was to get a collage that can be identified as the object however have bits missing so looks very interesting.


Independent Practise: Image Collages


Independent Practise: Image Collages


I think that they have all come out well, I really like the way the postbox and shed have come out. It was interesting trying to piece the bits back together and know I have made mistakes in all of them however this makes the image look that much better. I think if I was to do this again I would break the images into smaller sectors and possibly delete some so that it is harder for the viewer to recognise the image. Overall I am pleased with the way they come out and think that this process can be used in more ways then just photography and look really effective.


Independent Practise: Type Towards the end of last year I became quite fond of type and type that can be combined with an image. I think that it can be very strong and look great. Although type is not a strong process of mine I have still really enjoyed it and the more I do it the better I get. Practise Makes Perfect.

I really liked the rocking chair quote however do not feel that the illustration has done it justice as I feel that the horse looks very child like, I think that the strength of the quote is taken away by the childish like drawing, however my aim was to combine the image with the text so this is what I was experimenting with.


The quote about the rose petal was a quote that I felt was very strong and very true so I decided to combine the text with a detailed rose, I wanted to use the bright colours of the rose to grab peoples attention and use a bold font so that it stood out. I think this has came out really well and like the way that the text is wrapped around the rose for a finished piece. I think the colour combination of the black and red works really well and I enjoy using these colours together.


Independent Practise: Type I have always been motivated by words of wisdom quotes and always looked back at them or refer to them everytime I am having a bad day or a creative mind block. I feel that they can be very inspirational and some can be very personal.

I started to pick out quotes that I thought were either really inspiring or quotes that I thought had a lot of meaning to them and started to create simple posters to display them. I thought that they would look so much better across the whole screen instead of just reading them from a small typeface on the net.


FML FML FML FML FML FML

I have also been looking at everyday sayings and commonly used phrases by myself or friends. For instance when I have a bad day I like to refer to FML (Fuck My Life). I then decided to put the every day sayings into simple posters just like I had been doing with words of wisdom quotes. To look at FML getting smaller and smaller I wanted it to look like the day was going from bad to worse or the thought of falling into a hole. I think it looks great and very strong in a bold black typeface in capitals. It can also be seen as a funny poster as you do not often see FML written on the side of a bus stop.


Independent Practise: Type

LIFE WE MAKE IT ALWAYS ALWAYS IS WHAT

HAS BEEN WILL BE


Independent Practise: Type

I DRINK

EVERYNIGHT BECAUSE I

DRINK TO MY

ACCOMPLISHMENTS I have picked out a few of my favourite quote posters I created with different typefaces that I experimented with. I think that the typeface is very important to get the most out of the saying. I tried to use suttle typefaces for words of wisdom quotes and big black block typefaces for more powerful quotes or everyday sayings that are normally shouted. For instance the OMG poster which can be found in ‘The Little Book of Big Quotes’ is seen big as it is normally shouted or a saying someone uses when they are surprised of shocked.


The

Little

Book

BIG Quotes

of

Ricky Byfield

After creating a series of type posters on words of wisdom and everyday sayings I did not know how to display them so I decided on creating a publication called ‘The Little Book of Big Quotes’. It contains a mixture of both words of wisdom quotes and every day sayings. I was really happy with the way the publication turned out. I really like the name of the book as I created the publication pocket size (A5) however feel that some of the quotes featured in the publication are very powerful.

CLICK HERE to view this publication


Independent Practise: Type/Screen Printing

Screen printing has been a process I have only started enjoying this year, I tried it last year however was very time consuming and my prints did not come out very well so did not enjoy it. This year after seeing some of the work that was being produced from the print room I thought I would give it one more shot. I picked my favourite type quote which I thought was not very inspirational however made me laugh and decided to print it A4. I think that the layout of the poster with the words being connected together brings the piece together quite nicely and I am really happy with the way it looks although it is only a simple design.

My screen printing skills were very rusty and I had to keep refering back to the instructions posted around the print room to jog my memory. I printed the image as a high quality print to make sure I would get nice crisp lines from my prints as last year my prints were not great due to the quality of the image.I then come across a major problem just before I exposed my image to the screen. I was in a que waiting to expose my image and whilst I was waiting I did not leave my screen in the drying room so my screen was exposed to normal light for about 10 minutes. When I exposed my screen my image had not come through properly and was not washing off with the hose. I was gutted as I had prepared everything. Rose said I may be lucky to get away with it if i went round carefully with the pressure washer. I thought it was worth a shot or I would of had to start all over again. I was very lucky to keep my image. I then experimented with different colours to see what worked well and what did not work well. I did not like the way the yellow came out as it was not very bright, it was hard to look at and read clearly however I really liked the crisp finish I got using the red, blue and green paint. I then printed over the top with different colours but slightly off set to try and give the text a 3D effect. The blue and red one which can be seen on the opposite page came out best and think really stands out. I now realise where I went wrong last year, I did not flood back the ink and let it dry in the screen so my prints were not coming out properly. I am so glad I gave screen printing another shot as I loved the whole process.


Independent Practise: London Underground Booklet During a day of screen printing someone had left there assotate print on top of my print in the scrap draw and it looked very interesting. I then thought about breaking something apart into layers and putting it back together to form objects on transparent paper. This inspired me to create some kind of layered book or image. Refering back to the image collages where I was breaking images apart and putting them back together I got the idea of breaking apart the London Underground.

I know myself how confusing the map can be and I have lived in London my whole life so my aim was to make this easier for people to view in sections. The idea was that people could look at the London Underground in different sections and pick out the tube they wanted to see what stations stop just on that line. For instance you could be able to pick out the Jubilee line which is colour coded grey and hold it up to a key which would show which stations the tube line would stop on. I wanted to keep it small enough for the back pocket and also something that could be interactive and fun to use. I know that most smart phones contain the London Underground tube map however I wanted to be creatvie and have a bit of fun with it.

This book was very frustrating to make, it took several attempts to print the book due to it being very hard to line up each line so that it worked perfectly. The first couple of times were experiments to see where each line had to sit on the grid so that when it was printed and layered it would look just like the London Underground tube map. Once I had got each line in position all I needed to do was print out a key of all the stations on normal white card to go at the back of the book so that people can see what stations each line stops at. The next step was putting the book together in a working form...


Independent Practise: London Underground Booklet


This is the finished public interaction London Underground Tube Map. I was very excited to see it work and it was well worth the frustration of getting the lines all in the wrong position. I decided on binding the book together with a key ring as you can slide different layers out the way to hold the line you want up to the key to see what stations it stops at. I also knew that as it was a small booklet it could also be put on a bunch of keys as something to interact with. I am impressed with the way this came out and feel that this could actually be used to help someone figure out the London Underground Tube Map.


Independent Practise: Experimenting With Shapes

Josef Albers

Josef Albers was an artist I first came across in year two when I was reseraching the background of Eva Hesse who was successful for studying under Josef. I was not inspired by her work however when I came across Josef Albers work I was interested in his simplicity in shapes and how he used simple lines and squares to create different shape forms and patterns. Simplicity and shapes is something I have been keen to further my knowledge in and was inspired to start creating different shapes by limiting myself to only using the line tool and the square tool.


These are the results in using just the line and square tools. I think that they look really interesting and although designed quite simple feel that sometimes simplicity is better then complexed. I dont often limit myself as I like to be free in what I design however I feel by limiting myself only to use two tools I have created a unique set of shapes/patterns. Although now looking at these I know that if I did not limit myself they could be created a lot easier but knowing that I know they have been created just with two tools I feel that they are more of my own. I was pleased with the shapes and patterns I created and can refer to some of this work to Josef Albers. I do not feel these would stand out if colour was used, Josef used colour in some of his work however I was only really drawn to his greyscale works of art which is what inspired me to only use black and white in my work.


Independent Practise: Screen Printing Shapes

I created this using the limits I set myself before however this one looked a bit more interesting and thought that it would look better in colour on paper. I really like the way the blank space in the middle looks like the squares are breaking away or forming. It reminds me of the classic game Tetris and thought that it was very interesting.


This was a shape that I thought was really unique and was really nice to see the different shapes form as the lines cross over, I knew straight away that it would look good screen printed. At the same time I was screen printing I found out about the Hand Made & Bound project we was able to submit work to so I decided to take this shape and print in onto coloured card to sell as prints. I used both black and red ink for the different colours of the card as I have always liked the way red and black work together. I separated my prints into five sets to sell at Hand Made & Bound in little clear wallets. I also included my name and e-mail address to help get my self known in the industry. I sold three prints at the fair and was really pleased that some people found my work interesting enough to buy. It made me a lot more confident in my work.


Independent Practise: Inspiration in Shapes

Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian is an artist I have been fond of since college, I really like the use of his simple lines combined with primary colours. It is something he uses in all of his work which makes him different from any other designer. If I ever see primary coloured squares I automatically think of Piet Mondrian. I feel that his simple lines and different shapes he shows in his work are very interesting and have been inspired by him to use the use of his colours in some of my work and he is an artist i can also compare to Josef Albers in the fact that they both create simple art by using simple tools. This is a simple design that I created trying to use the techniques in which Piet uses. I used the Line tool to create only horizontal and verticle lines that cross over each other and then using only primary colours I coloured in sectors that were formed due to the crossing over of the lines.


these are three still shots of a GIF animation I created after being inspired by Piet Mondrian, I added a different square in each key frame which eventually created lots more squares by over lapping and I then used primary colours to colour every sinle square in the image. The animation is actually very good to watch and I feel can be quite happy to watch due to the use of the bright colours. I think that it came out very well as you can see the shapes forming before they start to be coloured in. The Animation can be seen via my blog. CLICK HERE to access my blog


Independent Practise: Inspiration in Shapes Peter Max

Peter Max was only an inspiration in the use of his happy colours, He is not an artist known for geometric shapes or patterns however I was really drawn to the use of his bright colours. I enjoy creating geometric shapes in black and white yet feel that sometimes they need some colour to brighten the mood. I am quite a happy person myself and sometimes feel no matter how good the art work is it can still look a bit dull without colour.

Using similar colours to Peter Max and using only the square tool I created a wacky looking image with squares over lapping covering the whole screen with a black background. I think that shape wise there is not much to look at and do not think it is interesting however I think the use of the bright colours makes it stand out and give a happy feeling or impression.


Still looking at shapes and geometric patterns I created this tile effect image combining bright colours similar to what is used in the work of Peter Max. I am pleased the way this has come out, I used orange as the main colour to create a shape and then other colours around to make smaller shapes. The shapes can not be identified however this is what make this piece unique and interesting to look at.


Independent Practise: Inspiration in Shapes

Bridget Riley

Victor Vasarely

Bridget and Victor have inspired me with the use of simple black and white images creating optical illusions or just images hard to look at or understand. This is known as Op art. They both create really unusual shapes in their art which I find really interesting to look at. I have had a passion for simple lines and shapes for a while now so they have really inspired me to create really unusual shapes or patterns that are simple but very interesting. I am most inspired by the works of Victor in the years between 1953 - 1962 in which he named his work Black & White which can be found on his website (in my bibliography). This work inspired me to create weird and wonderful shapes both simple and complex.


These were shapes created with the line tool and duplicated on top of each other lots of times. each duplicated image was moved in a different position to create shapes inside the shape. Some of the detaail in some of these is very interesting to look at and can pull out lots of shapes inside each shape. I do not feel these work as well as as they are very complex and hard to look at, as much as I like the way they look I feel that the simple ones look more effective.


Independent Practise: Experimenting with Shapes

Still looking at shapes and Op art I created a walkway that looks like a optical illusion and an image that is very hard on the eyes to look at, I like the fact that there are many ways to look at this picture even though it was simple to create. I created a black and white looking chess board and then used the transform tools to make it look like you were walking down into a tunnel with the black squares at the end of it which were created just by using the shape tools.


This was created by designing simple shapes and then using the liquify filter in photoshop to distort the images to make them harder to see or understand. Although it is simple I feel that they look very Op art and am pleased with the results.

These were shapes duplicated and flipped several times to create different shapes from one shape. I think that they are really strong graphically and are very interesting to look at. It was fun to create as you never knew the outcome until you had put them all together.


Independent Practise: Crop Circles After looking at geometric shapes and op art I thought about crop circles and the possibility of creating my own. After researching crop circles I knew that I would not be able to create one on a large scale in which most of them are however I thought I could design my own unique circle that could be seen as a crop circle.


This is the crop circle I created using the pen and shape tool in Photoshop. I think the detail in it is really good, i created a figure of eight oval and then duplicated it several times to get this effect. It reminds me of a flower and looking at other crop circles I feel that mine would fit in perfectly. I took my crop circle and tried to place it in a field to see how it would look if it was an actual crop circle however it was very hard trying to make the crop circle look real. I used the transform tool to get it in the right position, the blending options to try and get it to look like it was part of the grass and embossed it to try and give it a finished effect. It does not look great however I think if it was created as a proper crop circle about a mile in diameter I think it would look amzing. Unfortunately I was unable to do this in the time I had.


Independent Practise: Crop Circles

Lucky enough the house next door was having a new carpet laid and I was able to use a piece of left overs to create my own crop circle. I used an electric shaver, standing blade and a pair of scissors to create my own crop circle. It was a lot harder than I expected at the carpet was quite thick and very hard to get a noticable pattern out of it however I managed to form some kind of circle in the end and think that it could look a lot better however for a first attempt it came out well. If the capret was not so fluffy and was a thinner carpet I would of got a better finish and more of a crisp circle that could be easy to make out.


Independent Practise: Google Map Shapes

Sol Lewitt

Whilst researching Victor Vararely and Bridget Riley I came across this image from Sol Lewitt which caught my eye as I thought it looked like something from google maps. I liked the work of art for its simplicity in lines but I also saw something else in the image. This then gave me inspiration to pull of shapes from birds eye views on fields. I took two images from google maps which can be seen on the opposite page, one is of a field near my home and the other of a field near where I work. I then used the pen tool in illustrator to start picking out shapes. These have been highlighted in red on the images.


Independent Practise: Google Map Shapes

After picking out shapes from google maps I then duplicated, flipped and rotated them until I thought they made unusual geometric shapes. I then used primary colours to see if they looked better in black and white or if they looked just as good in colour.


I feel that these both work great in colour or in black and white. Some look more detailed than others and some look simple however just as nice to look at. I really like how these have turned out and think that some of these shapes are really eye catching.


Independent Practise: Geometric Shapes with Type Faces

I had really enjoyed creating the type posters and really liked the final geometric shapes I created after pulling simple shapes out of a google map, I then thought about combining the two so decided to create geometric shapes out of exsisting typefaces. The type face used to create these shapes was Prestige Elite Std and each letter was duplicated 7 times and rotated to create a circular looking set of geometric shapes. They remind me of the crop circle I created and also look very similar but yet nonoe of them are the same. I think this is a very strong piece of work that I have created and feel that this can be done to any typeface to create a different and unique set of geometric shapes.


The font used to create these geometric shapes was Consolas, I tried to create these so that you could still understand the font and be able to see each letter in the shape. I think that this has worked, if you look at the typeface your mind reads the alphabet for you and you can pick out most letters from this typeface.


Independent Practise: Geometric Shapes with Type Faces


This has been created using the Bauhaus 93 typeface and I think have come out different from the other geometric shape typefaces, each of these have been mirrored and flipped to give the geometric shapes sharpe edges. I think that by it looking really bold and blocky it can be seen as simple shapes instead of complex geometric shapes. I am pleased the way this has come out and I believe can still be related to type and not just geometric shapes.


Independent Practise: Geometric Shapes with Type Faces


For another experiment I used a detailed italic font called Roundhouse Snell and started by rotating each image six times in itself however because the font is so complex there was no shapes or anything interesting to look at so I duplicated each letter three times and rotated it ninety degrees each time. These have some out very different and remind me of type roses you can use. It is very hard to pull out any letters of the alphabet in these shapes however as a complete set of type roses look amazing. I have really enjoyed creating these and think that once laid out in a poster format are very strong to look at. I believe that by outlining the vowels in the poster you can figure out that they are type faces however without them I believe they just come across as a unique set of geometric shapes.


Independent Practise: Evaluation, FMP Proposal & Bibliography

Evaluation I started the year nervous about what was ahead and did not have a clue where I could sit myself in the design industry, I had a massive creative block, however with pen to paper I managed to pick out some work from the second year to reflect on and think through doing. I identified some processes that I have always been fond of and started to experiment and formulate a plan of action. I experimented with type, image, shapes, photography and screen printing. I have enjoyed being able to experiment with processes that I have chosen myself however mad a creative mind block half way through the semester and started to panic about what I wanted to do for my FMP. I really enjoyed creating shapes with lines as I never knew the final outcome until it was finished which was well worth spending hours duplicating and rotating lots of shapes. Screen printing was a process that I had not had much experience with but as I was experimenting I thought I would give it another shot and once I had done it once I couldn’t wait to do it again, some of the end results of the printing came out better than I expected and was really happy with them. I also enjoyed putting together the London Underground booklet; although it is an application most smart phones would carry I had never really made a hands on book that could be used to interact with. ‘The Little Book of Big Quotes’ was very fun to create, using the most commonly used day to day sayings or words of wisdom quotes, I thought it worked really well and thought about taking it further and a possible idea for an FMP. After creating some type posters and finding out that the typeface can have such an effect on the overall look I decided to go back to flipping shapes and creating geometric shapes out of typefaces, this was very fun to experiment with and was really good to see the end results when the typeface was seen in one poster. At the beginning of the year when I found out that this year was going to be a lot of self directed practise I was worried that I would not be able to motivate myself however as I was not working to a brief I was able to enjoy myself whilst designing. Overall I have really enjoyed experimenting with different processes and seeing my end result. I now look forward to getting stuck in to my FMP.

FMP Proposal After evaluating all of my experiments and pulling all my work together I feel I have a strong connection with the quote posters and really liked the finished geometric shapes made from typefaces. I feel that combining these would make a strong and interesting FMP. The quotes I used for my posters in my experiments were mostly from online sources, a calendar or sayings myself and friends had said during the day. I propose to create my own set of type posters with sayings that I pick up from conversations with people that could make a quote or saying. I will use normal type combined with geometric shapes that I create from type to create the posters. I aim to have a key to working out the poster, so it may just look like a page of shapes or code until it is solved. As I enjoyed screen printing and creating ‘The Little Book of Big Quotes’ I will also screen print and put my posters into a book for the public to read as a publication.


Bibliography http://speckyboy.com/2009/02/25/28-incredible-photoshop-image-manipulation-techniques-andtutorials/ http://www.hockneypictures.com/home.php http://www.victorianlondon.org/pocketatlas/mapper.htm http://www.lissongallery.com/#/artists/sol-lewitt/works/ http://www.albersfoundation.org/Albers.php?inc=Galleries&i=J_1 http://www.pietmondrian.org/ http://www.petermax.com/ http://www.op-art.co.uk/bridget-riley/ http://www.vasarely.com/site/site.htm http://www.coolnsmart.com/ http://www.cropcircleconnector.com/interface2005.htm http://ilovetypography.com/


Independent Practise Year 3