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Module

1 B I Can Do It! In this unit I will...

b

V read a scientific article about

Multiple Intelligences. read and solve an MI test. V V listen to a radio programme with some job offers. V listen to a lecture on Creative Thinking. V write a summary.

a

d

c

Before you read 1

e

Look at the photos and discuss. a What are these people doing? b Which of the people in the photos like… • investigating the environment? • expressing themselves through music? • transmitting ideas through words? • communicating with other people? • expressing themselves through their bodies? • dealing with numbers? c Which abilities do you share with the people in the photos? d Who do you most identify with? Why?

c

f

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Multiple Intelligences Read

How Many Intelligences Have We Got? People are intelligent in more than one way. This statement is supported by the Theory of Multiple Intelligences which was developed in 1983 by Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner. Dr Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a range of human potential in children and adults. The theory of Multiple Intelligences (or MI theory as it has come to be called) makes two strong claims. The first claim is that all human beings may possess all of these intelligences. The second claim is that, just as we all look different and have different personalities and temperaments or come from different cultural backgrounds, we might exhibit different profiles of intelligence. No two individuals, not even identical twins or clones, have exactly the same combination of intelligences, as they do not share the same

strengths and weaknesses. This is because, even in the case of identical genetic heritage, individuals undergo different experiences and also seek to distinguish their profiles from one another. In 1983, Dr Gardner concluded that seven candidate intelligences met the criteria sufficiently well: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial (control over mental images), bodily-kinaesthetic (control of body movements), interpersonal (understanding other people) and intrapersonal (understanding yourself). In 1995, invoking new data that fit the criteria, he added an eighth intelligence: naturalistic. He is also considering the possibility of a ninth intelligence: existential – one that captures the human tendency to raise fundamental questions about existence, life and death. We should be grateful for Dr Gardner’s work as it has changed the way people think and work in Education, in the Arts, in Cognitive Psychology and in Medicine. Adapted from: scientificamerican.com

2

Skim the text and tick the correct answer The text is… a a scientific report.

3

Reading Tips

b a science news article.

c a science quiz.

Read the text and tick the correct option. The text… a provides a general explanation of Dr Gardner’s theory. b describes the different types of intelligence in detail. c compares the MI Theory with other theories on human intelligence.

4 When there is a word you can’t understand, first check whether it is a content word (a noun, verb, adjective or adverb). 4 Try to infer its meaning by looking at the words in the sentence that come right after and before it.

4 Match the columns. a Dr Gardner proposes… b The MI Theory states that… c There aren’t two people… d Education, Medicine, Psychology and the Arts…

1 with the same combination of intelligences. 2 have been influenced by Dr Gardner’s theory. 3 all people possess the eight intelligences. 4 eight different intelligences.

22 Unit 1 B

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English Toolkit 3 - Coursebook - Unit 1B - Pages 22-32