Page 1

Growing

TOGETHER 共同成長

G ROW成長

LE A R N 學習

PL AY 玩 樂

Richmond, a child friendly community where young children thrive

列治文備有各項設施和資源,幫助兒童茁壯成長

A guide to help your child grow and learn: pregnancy to 5 years 幫助你的子 女成長和學 習的指南: 懷孕至五歲

CO NNEC T 聯 繫

2018

NEW EDITION! 新版!


For more information visit our website at: 查詢其他資料,歡迎瀏覽我們的網站: www.richmondchildrenfirst.ca

Copies of this publication can be downloaded at: 也可到下列網站下載本刊物的内容:

www.richmondchildrenfirst.ca and / 及 www.RichmondKids.ca 3rd Edition, 2018 / 第三版,二零一八年 Original Project Coordinator: 原版項目統籌:

3rd Edition Layout & Design: 第三版排版及設計:

3rd Edition Project Coordinator: 第三版項目統籌:

Photographers: / 攝影師:

Helen Davidson

Kerry Watts

Original Layout & Design: 原版排版及設計: GarlickMarketing.com

Fenella Jacquet

Alistair Eagle PeopleShots and Adrienne Danielson Photography

Chinese Translation and Editing: 中文翻譯及編輯: Peggy Tang and Stella Wong

Funded by / 撥款來自

The Ministry for Children and Family Development 省兒童及家庭發展廳

Vancouver Coastal Health – Richmond 溫哥華沿岸衛生局 – 列治文

p. 2 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


CONTENTS

DEVELOPMENTAL GUIDE SECTIONS

目錄

發展指南的章節 4 7

Introduction / 序言

Welcoming your New Baby / 迎接你的新生兒

14 Growing & Learning / 成長與學習

40 Speech & Language Development / 發音及語言發展 44 Vision & Children / 你小孩的視力

48 Dental Health & Children / 小孩與牙齒健康 52 Feeding Young Children / 餵養小孩

60 Your Child’ s Personality / 了解孩子的個性

66 Social & Emotional Development / 健康社交和情緒發展 70 Active Children / 活力兒童

76 Safety Tips for Children / 給孩子的安全提示

80 Children & Screen Time / 兒童與面對屏幕時間 84 Child Care / 尋找優質托兒服務

88 Starting Kindergarten / 入讀幼稚園

94 Taking Care of Yourself / 照顧好你自己

99 Richmond Programs & Services / 列治文計劃和服務 124 Richmond Children First / 列治文兒童優先計劃 125 Acknowledgements / 鳴謝

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 3


Introduction 序言 OUR AMAZING CHILDREN 我們了不起的孩子 Children grow and learn from the moment they are conceived. Babies begin to learn

about their world after only a few weeks in the womb. Between birth and age 3, babies learn to roll, crawl, stand, walk, and run. They learn to talk, joke, rhyme, and sing. But children do not all grow in the same way and at the same time. Some children will develop certain skills (like walking or talking) faster or slower than others. These differences are very normal.

It is important for you to understand your own child, build on their strengths, and provide them with love and support. Development happens through loving relationships, ones in which babies and toddlers can explore, learn, and grow.

從成孕的那一刻起,孩子已開始 成長和學習。 嬰兒在子宮内只有數個

星期,已開始認識他們的世界。 從出生到 三歲這一段時間,嬰兒學習了轉身、爬行、 站立、行走和跑步。 他們還學習說話、開玩 笑、韻律和唱歌。 但不是全部小孩子都以 同樣的方式及於同一時間成長。 有些孩 子會比其他孩子快一些或慢一點發展某 些技能(如走路或說話) ,這些分別是完 全正常的。 了解你的孩子是對你十分重要的,你能幫 助發展孩子的耐力,提供愛與支持。在愛 的關係中,培育成長發展,嬰兒和幼兒才 會探索、學習和成長。 This booklet has been developed to provide you with practical information on how to best support, encourage and help your child grow.

本手冊是為你設計的,提供了許多實 用的信息,教你如何好好地支持、鼓 勵及幫助你的孩子成長。

p. 4 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


You are the most important person in your child’s life. As parents, you are the true experts on children. But raising a child is a big job to do alone. You need to know how you can help your children grow and develop so they are ready for school and life. You need to know when to ask questions and where to go for help.

✓ T IP / 提示

One of the ways your children learn is through playing. You can help your child learn by: ✓✓ Encouraging their natural desire to play ✓✓ Making sure they play where it is safe to explore ✓✓ Stepping back and watching them learn for themselves 玩耍是孩子學習的方法之一,你可通過以 下的方式幫助你的孩子: ✓✓ 鼓勵孩子玩耍的天性 ✓✓ 確保孩子玩耍時的安全 ✓✓ 在旁監護,給孩子空間,放手讓他們自 己學習

We believe that children are also the responsibility of the whole community. There are many people in Richmond who have experience and who can provide help if you need it.

This booklet has been developed to provide you with practical information on how to best support, encourage and help your child grow. 你是孩子生命中最重要的人。 作為家長, 你是培育孩子的真正專家。 但是,養育孩 子是一項非常龐大的工作,你必須知道如 何幫助孩子成長和發展,為他們日後上學 和生活做好準備。 你需要知道何時去諮詢 問題,以及向哪裏尋求援助。 我們相信,培養孩子也是整個社會的責 任。 列治文有眾多經驗豐富的專家,能為 你提供所需的援助。

本手冊是為你設計的,提供了許多實用的 訊息,教你如何好好地支持、鼓勵及幫助 你的孩子成長。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 5


BEGINNING THE JOURNEY TO PARENTHOOD 展開為人家長的歷程 Congratulations, your baby is on the way! Becoming a parent is one of life’s most exciting and challenging experiences. There will be many emotional, physical and family changes. But knowing what to expect can make these changes enjoyable and easier to handle. Visit your health professional regularly and use health information and support to keep you and your baby healthy.

恭喜你,嬰兒快要出生啦!為人家 長是我們一生中最興奮、最富挑 戰性的經驗。 我們的情緒、身體和 家庭即將出現很多的轉變;如果 我們有足夠的心理準備,明白到 將會發生的變化,便可安享箇中 樂趣,面對問題時也可迎刃而解。 經常約見你的醫療專業人員,掌 握健康資訊和支持,以保持自己 和嬰兒的健康。

p. 6 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Welcoming your New Baby 迎接你的新生兒 YOUR FEELINGS:

•You may have emotional ups and downs: excitement, anxiety, or uncertainty •You may think about how the needs of your newborn may affect your finances, housing, career and relationships •You may begin to feel closer to other parents such as your own parents, siblings or friends •Non-pregnant partners usually feel proud, but at times may feel left out of the experience or wonder how to best provide support

YOUR BABY:

•Your baby begins to learn about the world through senses •Touch is the first sense developed at about 8 weeks in the womb •After 12 weeks your baby begins to smell and taste. Your baby swallows amniotic fluid and experiences the foods from the mother’s diet

你的感覺﹕

•你的情緒可能出現波動﹕興奮、焦慮不 安或患得患失 •你可能考慮到嬰兒的需要將對你的經 濟、住屋、職業和人際關係帶來什麽 影響 •你可能開始與其他家長,例如自己的父 母、兄弟姐妹或朋友更加親近 •非懷孕的伴侶通常會覺得自豪,但有時 也會覺得未能充分參與其中,或不知怎 樣幫忙是最好的

你的嬰兒﹕

•你的胎兒開始透過自己的感官去認識 世界 •懷孕約八個星期,胎兒孕育她的第一個 感官 - 觸覺 •十二個星期後,胎兒開始有嗅覺和味 覺,吞食羊水和感受到母親吃喝的食物

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 7


WHAT TO DO:

•See your health professional regularly (doctor, midwife, public health nurse) •Strengthen the relationships with your partner, family and friends so that your new family is surrounded by care and support. It takes a village to raise a child •Develop a healthy lifestyle - eat well and together as a family, stay physically active and get plenty of sleep •Arrange to attend prenatal classes •Avoid tobacco, alcohol and drugs during pregnancy and while breastfeeding

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•If you are having trouble with finances, loneliness, stress, depression, nutrition, or lifestyle struggles (smoking, drugs, alcohol) there is help available

你可以做什麼﹕

•經常約見你的醫療專業人員(醫生、助 產士、公共健康護士) •鞏固與伴侶、家人和朋友的關係,為你 的新家庭建立必需的關懷和支持網絡。 養育小孩子,必須大家同心協力、合作 無間 •養成健康的生活方式 - 吃得健康,和 家人一同吃飯,多做運動,爭取更多睡 眠時間 • 安排參加產前課程 •懷孕及餵哺母乳期間,避免吸煙、喝酒 和濫用藥物

何時提出疑問﹕

•萬一你在經濟上有困難,或感到孤單、 壓力重重、情緒低落,或出現營養或日 常生活上的問題(煙、酒、藥物) ,應向有 關服務機構尋求援助

✓ TIP / 提示

Get a Pregnancy Passport from your physician or midwife and check out the information in Baby’s Best Chance.

向你的醫生或助產士索取一本 懷孕需知小冊子(Pregnancy Passport) ,參閱當中「嬰 兒最佳機會(Baby’s Best Chance)」部份的資料。 p. 8 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Welcoming your New Baby

迎接你的新生兒

THE MIDDLE MONTHS OF PREGNANCY 懷孕中期 You are now halfway and your baby seems real as you may have seen a picture or ultrasound or felt your baby move. Think about breastfeeding your baby and where you can get support. YOUR FEELINGS:

•You may have mixed feelings about your changing body shape. Adjustment takes time •Non-pregnant parents may feel more a part of the pregnancy experience •Parents begin to talk with their baby. You may have a name chosen for your baby •Partners may have different feelings about sex

到了懷孕中段,你會實實在在地 感到嬰兒的存在,看見胎兒的照 片或超聲波影像,感到胎兒在你 體內活動。 考慮會不會為你的嬰 兒餵哺母乳,了解可以向誰尋求 支援。 你的感覺:

•你可能對自己體型的轉變感到很矛盾, 這是需要時間適應的 •父親也許更能體驗到懷孕的經歷 •父母開始與腹中嬰兒交談,甚至已為孩 子選定了名字 •伴侶可能對性行為有不同的看法

你的嬰兒﹕

•你的嬰兒開始向你觸摸的位置移動 •胎兒二十四星期時,已能對聲音作出 反應

YOUR BABY:

•Your baby starts to move towards your touch •By 24 weeks your baby responds to sounds

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 9


WHAT TO DO:

•Your baby can hear your voice. Talking to your baby strengthens your relationship •Build relationships with your parents and other parents. These relationships will be important when your baby is welcomed into the family •Connect with other parents through programs such as prenatal classes, prenatal fitness, community centres or Richmond Family Place

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

你可以做什麼﹕

•胎兒聽到你的聲音了。 對你的胎兒說話 有助鞏固你倆的關係 •與你的父母及其他家長建立良好的關 係。 當您的嬰兒日後成為家庭的一份子 時,這些關係是十分重要的 •透過各項活動,例如產前課程、產前健 身班,社區中心或Richmond Family Place,與其他家長建立聯繫

何時提出疑問﹕

•如果你在懷孕期間感到不快樂,應尋求 輔導服務

•If you are feeling unhappy about the baby, seek counselling

✓ TIP / 提示

Staying active during your pregnancy helps you physically and emotionally prepare for the changes ahead.

懷孕期間保持適量運動,有助調節 身心,為日後出現的變化作好準 備。

p. 10 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Welcoming your New Baby

迎接你的新生兒

THE LAST MONTHS OF PREGNANCY 懷孕後期 You are close to the end of the pregnancy. You may be wondering about how you will be as a parent, and whether the baby will be healthy. YOUR FEELINGS:

•Pregnancy often brings vivid dreams about the baby and parenthood •Parents may worry about the baby’s health and labour •You start thinking more about the responsibilities of parenthood. You may think about your own parents and how they parented you •Parents who begin to see themselves as a sharing, supportive family will create a strong base for their baby’s emotional and social development. Your baby will then form stronger relationships with you and others

YOUR BABY:

•By 30 weeks your baby will recognize familiar music •Your baby will continue to prefer this music after birth •By 30 weeks your baby identifies different tastes •Your baby may suck their thumb or fingers for comfort

嬰兒快要出生了,你可能思潮起 伏,不知道自己身為人父母後的 情況,又會擔心嬰兒是否健康。 你的感覺﹕

•懷孕期間,你對於嬰兒及身為家長的情 況,往往有很真實的感覺 • 家長可能擔心嬰兒的健康及分娩的 過程 •你開始考慮更多為人家長的責任問題, 可能也想到自己的父母,以及他們怎樣 把你養育成人 •如果家長能把自己看成是一個共同分 擔、互相支持的家庭,將可創立一個鞏 固的基礎,幫助子女在情緒和社交方面 的發展。 你的嬰兒也因此而與你和其他 人建立更鞏固的關係

你的嬰兒﹕

•你的嬰兒三十個星期時已可認出熟悉 的音樂 •嬰兒出生後也會繼續喜愛聆聽同樣的 音樂 •到了三十個星期,你的胎兒已可辨別不 同的味道 •你的嬰兒可能會吮吸大拇指或手指以 尋求安慰

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 11


WHAT TO DO:

•Rest and relax. Take time to care for yourself and talk with others. If you are stressed, your baby will feel stressed, you are calm and relaxed, your baby will be too •Do all you can to make sure your baby gets the best emotional start – sing, talk and share your loving thoughts with your baby •Adoptive parents may want to seek support from other adoptive parents and your adoption agency •A calm and welcoming home makes the best emotional start possible for your new baby

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Emotions, whether positive or negative, are more intense during pregnancy. Seek professional help if the stress is not resolved •If you are having relationship or family distress GET HELP before your baby arrives. The stronger you are as a family team, the better you and your baby will be nurtured •Pregnancy can be stressful. If you feel physically threatened or unsafe, GET HELP

你可以做什麼﹕

•休息和放鬆,爭取時間照顧自己,與其 他人交談。 如果你覺得緊張,你的胎兒 也感受得到;如果你心境平靜輕鬆,你 的嬰兒也有同樣的感覺 •盡你所能為你嬰兒的情緒建立一個良 好的開始 - 和你的胎兒一起唱歌、說話 和分享你的愛意 •領養嬰兒的家長可能希望尋求其他領 養家長和領養機構的支持 •一個安靜、樂於接納嬰兒的家庭,能為 你嬰兒的情緒建立一個良好的開始

何時提出疑問﹕

•懷孕期間的情緒,無論好壞,都是較為 強烈的。 如果無法解除壓力,應尋求專 業人士的幫助 •如果你正面對與伴侶關係或家庭上的 問題,應在嬰兒出生之前尋求協助。 你 和家人的關係愈鞏固,你和你的嬰兒將 可成長得更好 •懷孕過程可能有困難,如果你感到身體 不適或任何不安,務必求助

向誰提問﹕

•你的醫生或助產士 •公共健康護士 (604-233-3150) 或 (1855-550-2229) •展望社會服務中心(604-279-7077)

WHO TO ASK:

•Your doctor or midwife •A Public Health Nurse (604-2333150) or (1-855-550-2229) •CHIMO Crisis Services (604-2797077) p. 12 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Welcoming your New Baby

迎接你的新生兒

✓ TIP / 提示

Depression and anxiety happens during pregnacy to 10-20% of families and will impact the family’s health. There are many support services available to help.

於懷孕期間,約有10 - 20%的家庭會 出現情緒低落和焦慮等問題,影響到 家庭的健康。 社區内有很多支援服務 可助你解決疑難。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 13


Growing & Learning 成長與學習

AS A NEWBORN YOUR BABY... 你的初生嬰兒...

•Has all five senses with their sense of touch especially well developed •Communicates with smiles, gazes or cries •Has no schedule or routines for sleeping and feeding •Most of their day will be spent sleeping •Begins to show their personal favourites: some like lullabies, others like rock and roll; some like to sleep in the dark, and others like a night light •Prefers to look at bright colours and black and white contrast, loves to look at your face and focuses best when held 6-8 inches close to you •By 4 days old your baby recognizes your smell and voice and will turn towards you •Begins to imitate your facial expressions •Begins to smile at 6 weeks •Listens to and recognizes the basic sounds of language that form the

foundation for speech, and begins to make sounds in response to your voice •有齊觸覺、視覺、嗅覺、味覺、聽覺五個 感官,其中尤以觸覺發育得最好 •用微笑、凝視或啼哭來與人溝通 •未有睡眠及餵哺的時間表或規律 •大部分時間都在睡覺 •開始表現個人的喜好﹕有些嬰兒愛聽 搖籃曲,有些則喜歡搖滾樂;有些嬰兒 愛在黑暗環境中睡覺,有些則想有一 盞夜明燈 •比較喜愛觀看鮮明的顏色以及黑白兩 色的對比,喜歡望著你的臉孔;當嬰兒 與你距離6至8吋時,他能看得最清楚 •嬰兒出生四天後,已能分辨你的氣味和 聲音,也會向你的方向轉動 •開始模仿你的面部表情 •六個星期大時開始微笑 •聆聽和懂得分辨語言的基本發音,為日 後說話奠定基礎;開始發出聲音來回應 你的聲音

p. 14 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


✓ TIP / 提示

P REM AT U R E B A B I ES

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Respond to your baby’s needs as quickly, lovingly and consistently as possible. A warm loving home, where the family comforts and responds to baby’s needs, is essential for a baby’s health and development •Respond quickly to your baby when they are sick, hurt, sad, or frightened – this is very important •Talk with your baby in a higher pitched voice and use gentle touch, hugs, and kisses •Talk to your baby in the language(s) you know best; this will help them learn •Talk to your baby as you change diapers, feed, bathe and play with them •Follow your baby’s cues as to when they want to play or are over-stimulated. Your baby may turn away or cry when they have had enough playtime

For babies born more than 3 weeks prematurely, their development will follow their expected due date

早產嬰兒

如果嬰兒早產超過三星期,他們的發 展將延至預產期之後才開始。

如何與你的嬰兒相處﹕

•必須不斷以愛來盡快回應你嬰兒的需 要。 一個溫暖、滿載著愛的家庭,不但能 夠安慰和回應嬰兒的需要,對嬰兒的健 康和發展也是十分重要的 •當你的嬰兒生病、受傷、不快樂或受驚 時,必須迅速回應他的需要 -- 這一點 尤其重要 •用較高的音調與你的嬰兒交談,溫柔地 觸摸、擁抱和輕吻你的嬰兒 •用你最熟悉的語言來與你的嬰兒交談, 可以幫助嬰兒學習語言 •一邊替你的嬰兒換尿布、餵哺、洗澡或 玩耍,一邊和嬰兒交談 •留意嬰兒給你的提示,知道什麼時候嬰 兒想玩耍,或是否太過興奮。 當你的嬰 兒覺得玩夠了,可能會轉向另一個方向 或哭起來 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 15


•Celebrate your baby’s unique personality •Give praise and encouragement by clapping, hugging, and cheering when your baby learns something new •Begin“tummy time”by placing baby on a blanket on the floor beside you when they are awake. Talk to them and move toys such as rattles and bright toys around for them to follow and respond to •Make sure the baby is safe when sleeping •Babies need to sleep on their back in a crib or bassinette •Always check with your doctor, midwife or public health nurse to stay up to date on how to care for your baby. It is easy to be overwhelmed or confused by all the advice you get - especially on the internet •Your baby benefits when you are well cared for. Rest, eat well and take breaks. Share your feelings and be supportive and kind to one another as a family •Parents who connect with other parents tend to be more confident in caring for their baby. Connect with other friends who are parents and attend parent groups such as the Baby Days Program or visit Richmond Family Place

•欣賞你嬰兒獨特的性格 •每當嬰兒學懂新事物,可以拍手、擁抱 或歡呼來稱讚和鼓勵他 •開始「趴著的時間」 ,當嬰兒睡醒時,在 你身邊的地板鋪上毛毯,讓嬰兒俯臥在 毛毯上,然後和嬰兒說話,用搖鈴或色 彩鮮艷的玩具吸引嬰兒的注意,鼓勵嬰 兒對玩具發出的聲音作出反應 •嬰兒入睡時,必須確保他的安全 •必須把嬰兒放在嬰兒床或搖籃內仰睡 •經常請教你的醫生、助產士或公共健康 護士有關照顧嬰兒的最新資料。 來自互 聯網或其他來源的資訊,或會令你感到 無所適從,不知誰是誰非 •為你的嬰兒著想,你必須好好地照顧自 己。 多休息、多吃健康食物、每隔一段時 間暫停工作,向家人傾訴你的感受,大 家互相支持愛護 •與其他家長保持聯繫的家長,一般在照 顧嬰兒方面會較有信心。 多與已為人 家長的朋友聯繫,參加家長小組,例如 嬰兒日活動或到訪Richmond Family Place

p. 16 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby is not responding to sights, sounds or your touch •Baby is crying constantly and cannot be soothed •You are feeling overwhelmed and have few positive feelings towards your baby

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor or midwife •A public health nurse (604-233-3150) •Infant Development Program (604-279-7059) •Early Childhood Mental Health Program (604-278-9711, ext 4055)

何時提出疑問﹕

•嬰兒對視象、聲音或你的觸摸沒有反應 •嬰兒不斷啼哭,無論怎樣安撫也沒用 •你感到透不過氣來,不太喜愛你的嬰兒

向誰求助﹕

•你的家庭醫生或助產士 •公共健康護士(604-233-3150) •幼兒發展計劃 (604-279-7059) •幼兒早期心理健康計劃 (604-278-9711, 內線4055)

✓ TIP / 提示

TO B ACCO S M O KE

Protect your baby from exposure to tobacco smoke.

吸煙

請保護你的嬰兒,避免接觸吸煙 的環境。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 17


AT 2 MONTHS YOUR BABY... 當嬰兒兩個月大時... •Is alert and responsive •Spends longer periods with eyes open •Tracks a face moving from side to side •Smiles and coos responsively •Startles to loud noises •Holds head up briefly when lying face down or when held in a sitting position •Holds hands open •Holds toy or rattle briefly if placed in hand •Recognizes familiar faces and voices

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Respond to your baby’s cries. You cannot spoil your baby; they may be hungry or uncomfortable or need comfort and soothing •Provide playtime in a variety of positions: on back, on tummy (when awake) and on side. Some time on tummy each day will encourage strength in neck, arms and shoulders, which is necessary for future development •Hold your baby close and talk to them in your home language(s). Repeat sounds they make •Gently rub and touch your baby. Massage arms, back, legs, tummy and face •Present objects or even your own face within 6-8 inches of your baby’s face

•有警覺性、反應能力 •眼睛睜著長一點的時間 •眼光會跟隨面孔來回移動 •會發出微笑和輕柔低語的反應 •對大聲的噪音有驚跳的反應 •當俯臥或抱著坐起時,總會把頭向上 微傾 •會把雙手張開 •會抓緊手中的玩具一回兒 •會識別熟悉的面孔和聲音

如何與你的嬰兒相處:

•回應你嬰兒的哭聲時,不要怕寵壞嬰 兒,嬰兒可能餓了,也可能不舒服,或是 需要安慰和撫慰 •提供用不同的姿勢玩耍:仰臥,俯臥(當 清醒時)或側臥。 每日讓嬰兒俯臥一些 時候,能有助嬰兒增強頸部、手臂和肩 部,對嬰兒將來的發展成長是必要的 •抱著嬰兒親近一點,並用你的母語與嬰 兒交談,重複嬰兒發出的聲音 •輕柔地搓揉或觸摸你的嬰兒,按摩嬰兒 的手臂、背部、腿部、肚子和臉部 •離嬰兒臉孔6至8吋,展示物體或你的 臉孔

p. 18 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby does not respond to sudden, loud noises •Baby arches their back frequently when held or lying on back •Baby’s body posture feels limp or floppy •Baby does not make eye contact when awake and being held

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) •Infant development program (604279-7059)

何時要提出疑問:

•對突然而大聲的噪音,嬰兒沒有反應 •當被人抱著或仰臥時,嬰兒常把背曲 向後面 •嬰兒的身體姿勢,感覺非常柔軟無力 •當嬰兒醒著或正被抱著時,沒有跟人用 眼神接觸

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

✓ T IP / 提示

INFAN T C RYING

Crying is normal for babies Respond with “comfort, carry, walk and talk”behaviours. Never shake or hurt your baby to stop their crying

嬰兒常哭的時候

哭對嬰兒來說是很正常的, 你可用安慰、抱起、走動或 交談,來回應嬰兒。 切勿用 搖動或傷害嬰兒的方法,來 使嬰兒停止哭鬧。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 19


AT 4 MONTHS YOUR BABY... 當嬰兒四個月大時...

•Reaches for objects offered •Holds and shakes a rattle and looks at the toy, bringing it to their mouth •Holds hands open now most of the time, not fisted •Makes cooing sounds (aah, ooh) •Responds with pleasure to caregiver’s touch, care and play •Smiles and laughs often to show pleasure •Pupils react to light and are equal in size •Turns head to sound or voice •Lifts head, taking weight on arms and hands when on tummy •Starts to roll front to back •Begins to take some weight on legs •Uses both arms and legs equally (will reach with either arm and kick with either leg) •Looks forward to feeding and places hands on breast or bottle

•會伸手去拿別人給的物件 •會握緊並搖動發出格格聲的撥浪鼓,看 著玩具,並放進嘴裡 •大多數時間會張開手掌,而不是緊握 拳頭 •發出「呀呀咕咕」的聲音 •對照顧者的觸摸、關心和玩耍,作出愉 快的反應 •常用微笑和大笑來表示開心 •瞳孔對光有反應,兩邊瞳孔大小相同 •頭會朝聲音發出的地方轉向 •當俯臥時,會抬頭,用雙臂和雙手承重 •開始左右轉身 •開始用雙腿承受一些重量 •會同時用雙臂和雙腿(隨意用其中一隻 手來摸,或用其一條腿來踢) •渴望餵食,把雙手放在胸脯或瓶子上

p. 20 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Encourage your baby to look at you or a toy, and get them to slowly follow its movement •Place a toy in your baby’s hands and help them to look at it, shake it, and bring it to their mouth •Play with and enjoy your baby •Talk and sing to your baby in the language(s) you know best. Babies learn most from words spoken directly to them •Play with your baby on the floor •Enjoy quiet time together with rocking and cuddling •Make eye contact with your baby

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby does not smile in response to your voice or smile •Baby does not respond to friendly cuddles or care •Baby does not follow a moving object with their eyes and/or baby’s eyes turn inwards •Baby’s hands remain fisted most of the time •Baby does not bring hands together over their chest •Baby has difficulty lifting head off floor when on their tummy •Baby shows a preference for holding their head to one side (you may notice a bald spot or a flat spot on one side of the head) •Baby moves one arm or leg more than the other •Baby does not make any sounds

如何與嬰兒相處:

•鼓勵你的嬰兒看著你或玩具,然後慢慢 地跟著你或玩具來移動 •放一個玩具在你嬰兒手中,然後幫助他 們看著它,搖動著它,並把它拿到嘴邊 •同嬰兒一塊玩樂 •用你最熟悉的語言與嬰兒交談唱歌,讓 嬰兒在直接對話中學習更多 •同嬰兒在地板上玩耍 •享受跟嬰兒一起搖擺和摟抱的安靜 時光 •跟嬰兒用眼神交流

何時要提出疑問:

•嬰兒對別人的聲音或微笑,沒有微笑 回應 •嬰兒對友善的摟抱或關心,沒有反應 •嬰兒不能用眼睛跟隨一個正在移動的 物件,同時/或眼睛向內轉動 •嬰兒的雙手大多數時間都是拳握的 •嬰兒不會把雙手一起放在胸前 •嬰兒俯臥時,難以把頭抬起離開地面 •嬰兒偏愛把頭偏向一邊(你可能注意到 嬰兒頭上有一處光禿或扁平的位置) •嬰兒活動其中一隻手或一條腿,多過另 外的一隻手或一條腿 •嬰兒不發出任何聲音

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 21


WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) •Infant development program (604279-7059)

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

AT 6 MONTHS YOUR BABY... 當嬰兒六個月大時... •Looks for a toy when it is dropped to the floor •Knows familiar people and reaches for them •Smiles and makes sounds to own image in mirror •Babbles; tries to copy sounds you make; turns to locate sounds or voices •Eyes move together in all directions •Pushes up on arms and rolls from tummy •Sits with support or propped on hands, while holding head steady •Puts some weight through legs on flat feet •Reaches and grasps toys, transfers objects between hands •Responds to caregiver’s soothing and comforting and loves to be touched or held •Shows a wide range of emotions

•嬰兒會找尋剛跌到地上的玩具 •認識熟悉的人,並向他們伸手 •會對鏡中自己的影像微笑和發出聲音 •呀呀學語,設法仿效你發出的聲音,並 轉向聲音發出的方向 •雙眼向各個方向移動 •用雙臂推起自己,並由肚子邊滾動起來 •坐著時用雙手支撐幫助,而頭部保持 穩定 •雙腿能承受一些重量,站起來時雙腳 平放 •伸手抓住玩具,兩手交轉物品 •對照顧者的撫慰和安慰有反應,喜愛被 觸摸和擁抱 •表現各種不同的情緒

p. 22 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Play simple games and rhymes with your child (like peek-a-boo) •Share books together by talking about the pictures in the language(s) you know best •Sing songs to them •Allow floor time in different positions (back, tummy, side) •Allow your baby to learn to move about through rolling and crawling •Talk to your baby in the language(s) you know best. Listen to them and copy the sounds they make •Respond to your baby’s cries with a soothing voice and comfort them •Begin to introduce iron rich foods •Introduce a drinking cup at this age

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby does not smile or respond to speech •Baby does not startle to loud noises or turn to sounds •Baby does not babble or make other sounds •Baby is not able to lift head when held in a sitting position •Baby’s arms or legs seem too stiff or too floppy •Baby uses only one hand in play seems to ignore other arm or holds it in a fist •Eyes are crossed or one eye noticeably turns in or out

如何與嬰兒相處:

•跟嬰兒玩簡單的遊戲和童謠(如躲貓貓) •一起看書,用你最熟悉的語言與嬰兒說 書上的圖畫 •給你的嬰兒唱歌 •讓嬰兒用不同的姿勢在地板上玩(仰 臥,俯臥或側臥) •讓你的嬰兒通過轉身和爬行,學習四 處移動 •用你最熟悉的語言與你的嬰兒談話,聽 他們說話,模仿他們發出的聲音 •當你的嬰兒哭時,用撫慰的聲音來安 慰他們 •開始引入含鐵豐富的食物 •可在這個階段開始用杯來喝水

何時要提出疑問:

•嬰兒對談話不會笑或給反應 •嬰兒不會對很大的噪音驚跳,也不轉向 聲音的方向 •嬰兒不會呀呀學語,也不發出其他聲音 •當嬰兒被抱著坐時,不能抬起頭 •嬰兒的雙臂和雙腿,似乎太僵硬或太 鬆軟下垂 •嬰兒玩耍時,只用一隻手,似乎不理會 另一隻手臂或只是緊握拳頭 •眼睛是斜視的,或一隻眼明顯地向内 或外轉動

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 23


WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-233-3150) •Infant development program (604279-7059)

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

✓ TIP / 提示

Iron is a mineral that is important for good health. Babies and children need iron for healthy brain development. Iron rich foods include, cooked, finely minced meat, poultry or fish, egg yolk; lentils and dried beans; and fortified infant cereal. If your family is vegetarian, talk with a registered dietitian to make sure your baby gets enough iron.

鐵是一種對健康相當重要的礦物質。 嬰兒和小孩大 腦的良好發展需要鐵質。 鐵質含量豐富的食物有: 煮熟的細切碎肉類、雞肉或魚肉,蛋黃,扁豆和乾 豆,以及加強營養的嬰兒穀物。 如果你的家人是素 食者,可請教註冊營養師,以確保你的嬰兒獲得足 夠的鐵質。

p. 24 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

AT 9 MONTHS YOUR BABY... 當嬰兒九個月大時... •Waves bye-bye, plays peek-a-boo, and claps hands •Sits without support and reaches for toys •Gets into a sitting position from lying down •Creeps on hands and knees and is able to pull self to stand at furniture - may also begin to walk holding on to furniture •Searches for dropped toy, even if out of sight •Bangs objects together or on the table •Makes many sounds and may copy yours •Understands many words such as “no”and“bye-bye”,though cannot say them •Recognizes caregiver’s emotions and reacts to them - for example will smile at a happy face •Shows a preference for main caregivers, reacts to strangers by searching for caregiver •Moves from holding things in palm to using thumb and finger •Begins to show a sense of self control – may push food away, pull back toys and scream loudly

•會揮手再見、玩躲貓貓和拍拍手 •能不需支撐坐著,自己伸手拿玩具 •能夠自己從躺臥坐起身體 •會用雙手和膝蓋爬行,能靠著家具自己 站起來,也可能抓住家具開始走路 •找尋掉落甚至看不見的玩具 •把東西互相敲打,或打在桌面上 •發出很多聲音,並可能會模仿你的聲音 •明白很多詞彙,例如「不」和「再見」 ,但 仍然不會說出來 •能分辨照顧者的情緒,並對其有反應, 例如照顧者笑,嬰兒也會微笑 •偏愛主要的照顧者,當面對陌生人時, 會搜尋照顧者 •從用手掌握緊物件,到使用拇指和手指 來緊握物件 •開始表現有自我控制意識,可能會推開 食物,拿回玩具和大聲尖叫 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 25


WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Let your baby feed themselves during family meals •Introduce family foods such as pieces of fruit, soft cooked vegetables and Cheerios. Avoid foods that may cause choking, such as: nuts, seeds, raw peas or carrots, whole grapes, popcorn, wieners •Talk about what your child is looking at and doing in your home language(s), even if you are saying the same word many times •Provide a variety of safe toys to explore and play with (blocks, rattles, cups, bowls, squeeze toys) •Look at picture books with your baby and talk about what is in the pictures •Place toys on floor out of their reach to encourage movement (crawling, rolling,“bum”shuffling)

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby does not babble or make many sounds •Baby does not respond to words spoken to them •Baby arches back when sitting and legs seem stiff •Baby does not take weight through legs and cannot sit independently •Baby has difficulty moving from a sitting position to hands and knees or difficulty crawling •Baby prefers to stay in one spot •Baby does not seek comfort from main caregiver when unhappy

如何與嬰兒相處:

•家庭聚餐時,讓你的嬰兒自己進食 •引入一些家庭食物,如小片水果,煮得 很軟的蔬菜和麥片。 不要吃一些容易 令嬰兒噎住的食物,例如堅果、瓜子、 生豌豆或胡蘿蔔、整顆葡萄、爆米花和 香腸等 •當孩子看著或做著某些事情時,用你家 庭語言與孩子說那些事情,即使你不斷 重複同一個字彙,也應繼續 •提供各種安全的玩具讓嬰兒探索和玩耍 (積木、發出格格聲的撥浪鼓、杯、碗和 可擠壓的玩具) •同嬰兒一起看簡單的圖畫書,並談論圖 畫裡的事物 •把玩具放在地板上嬰兒拿不到的地 方,鼓勵嬰兒運動(爬、滾動、屁股慢慢 移動)

何時要提出疑問:

•嬰兒不呀呀學語或沒有發出很多聲音 •嬰兒對別人跟他們的說話,沒有回應 •嬰兒坐的時候拱背,並且腿部僵硬 •嬰兒雙腿不能承重,也不能獨立地坐起 •從坐姿轉到用手和膝蓋支撐或爬行, 均有困難 •嬰兒喜歡呆坐在一個地方 •嬰兒不開心時,不會要求主要照顧者 的安撫

p. 26 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) •Infant development program (604279-7059)

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

✓ TIP / 提示

The library can teach you how to choose the right books for your baby and provides you with space and programs where you and your baby can meet and play with other babies and caregivers.

圖書館能教你如何為你的嬰兒選 擇適合的書籍,並提供空間和活 動,讓你和嬰兒可與其他嬰兒和照 顧者會面,一起玩耍。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 27


AT 12 MONTHS YOUR BABY... 當嬰兒十二個月大時... •Shows more interest in toys and activities •Tries to stack one block on top of another, and will put toys into containers •Enjoys picture books and pats at the pictures •Eats a variety of foods by finger feeding, and drinks from a regular cup with some spilling. A regular cup does not have a lid or spout •Walks holding on to furniture and may be taking first steps (though many children do not walk by themselves at this age) •Becomes more independent and may get frustrated •Begins to show likes and dislikes may be attached to a special toy or blanket •Shows a variety of emotions and begins to show fear •Follows simple directions such as “come here”,and looks to named objects •Responds to name when called •Says 1-2 words, including signs, by 14 months; words may not sound exactly like adult words •Continues to make sounds and points to what they want •Easily picks up small objects with thumb and finger

•Imitates adult movements as well as actions •Plays with other children •Knows what comes next; is familiar with routines and rituals •對玩具和活動更感興趣 •嘗試把一個積木放到另一個積木上面, 而且會把玩具放回容器裡 •喜歡圖畫書和輕拍圖畫 •用手指進食各種食物,用普通杯子來喝 水,但仍會灑出一些水。 普通杯子是指 沒有蓋和噴嘴的杯 •抓住家具走路,而且有可能邁出自己的 第一步(雖然很多孩子在這個年齡,仍 然不會獨立走路) •變得更獨立,可能有時會感到沮喪 •開始表達喜惡,可能特別依戀一個特別 的玩具或毛毯 •表達多種情感,開始表現害怕 •會聽從簡單的指示,如「過來」 ,會看著 別人說出名稱的物件 •別人叫自己名字時,會有反應 •十四個月大時,會說一至兩個字,包括 手勢;說的字音可能和成年人說的字 音不一樣 •繼續發出聲音,會指著他們想要的東西 •用拇指和手指輕鬆地拾起細小物品 •模仿成年人的動作和行為 •同其他小孩子玩耍 •知道接下去會發生的事情,熟悉日常事 項和禮儀

p. 28 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR BABY:

•Sing songs and finger play activities •Go to parent and tot groups •Encourage walking with use of rideon/ push-toys •Play outdoors, talking about what you see and do •Share books together by talking about the pictures in the language(s) you know best •Provide toys your child can stack, and put in and out of containers – kitchen pots and pans make great toys •Introduce a spoon for self feeding (with help)

如何與嬰兒相處:

•唱歌和玩手指活動 •參加家長和兒童小組活動 •鼓勵可以騎著或推著的玩具走路 •在戶外玩,談論你看見和做的事物 •一起看書,用你最熟悉的語言談談書 中的圖畫 •給孩子可以堆砌和放進拿出容器的 玩具 - 廚房用的壺和鍋可以是很棒的 玩具 •開始給孩子一個調匙,讓他們自己進食 (有家長幫助)

✓ TIP / 提示

Playing with your baby will make you see the world with fresh eyes.

與你的嬰兒玩耍,可讓你從新的 角度看這個世界。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 29


WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Baby does not babble or use meaningful sounds •Baby does not take part in songs and games like peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake •Baby does not follow simple directions or respond to own name, does not look where you are pointing to find an object you named •Baby is not using one meaningful word by 14 months •Baby is not yet crawling or pulling to stand at furniture •Baby stands or walks mainly up on tip toes •Baby has trouble grasping small toys with fingers •Baby does not interact playfully with adults or children •Baby does not eat a variety of foods or food textures, i.e. prefers only smooth textures and has difficulty with rough-textured foods

何時要提出疑問:

•嬰兒不會呀呀學語,也不能發出有意 義的聲音 •嬰兒不參與唱歌和遊戲,如躲貓貓和 拍拍手 •嬰兒不聽從簡單的指示,也不對自己的 名字做出反應;當你指向並叫出某個物 件的名稱時,嬰兒不會看向該物件 •嬰兒十四個月大時,不會說出一個有 意思的字 •嬰兒仍然未爬行,也不靠著家具站起來 •嬰兒主要用腳尖站起來或走路 •嬰兒難以用手指抓住細小玩具 •嬰兒不跟成年人或孩子互動玩耍 •嬰兒不吃多種食物或不同口感的食物, 例如只喜歡柔滑的食物,不願進食較粗 糙的食物

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) •Infant development program (604279-7059)

p. 30 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

AT 18 MONTHS YOUR CHILD... 當孩子十八個月大時... •Can now stack 3 or more blocks in a tower •Completes simple shape puzzles with help •Begins to ask for things they want, using simple words; follows simple one step directions •Has a vocabulary of about 30-50 words and is beginning to identify body parts •Walks alone and can squat to pick up toys from the floor •Is more confident, exploring new things and taking risks when a trusted adult is present •Runs with stiff legs and seems awkward •Walks up and down stairs holding your hand •Uses both arms and legs (no hand preference noted yet) •Likes to be independent - may seem stubborn or throw a temper tantrum if tired or upset •Does not yet understand turn taking or sharing – may hit if frustrated •Feeds self with a spoon; uses a cup with some spilling; turns pages in a book •Identifies self in mirror or photograph; becomes more of an individual

•現可堆三個或更多的積木堡壘 •可在幫助下完成簡單的拼圖遊戲 •開始用簡單的詞彙要求他們想要的東 西,能聽從簡單一步的指令 •懂得30-50個詞彙,逐漸開始識別身體 部位 •獨立走路,能蹲下來從地下拾起玩具 •當附近有可信賴的成年人時,便更有自 信地探索新事物和冒險 •跑步時用僵硬的雙腿且顯得笨拙 •抓住你的手上下樓梯 •使用雙臂和雙腿(沒有特別喜歡一邊) •喜歡獨立自主,當疲勞不安時,可能表 現倔強會容易發脾氣 •還不懂得輪流或分享,感到沮喪時或 會打人 •用調匙自己進食,用杯子會灑出一點 水,會翻書頁 •能從鏡中和照片中識別自己,成為獨 立個體

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 31


WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR CHILD: •Expand on what your child says “Car”—“Yes, the car is going” •Do simple shape puzzles; share books with your child •Encourage your child to put things away when finished playing •Provide simple items to encourage make-believe play (toy telephone, broom, pots & pans) •Play with your child at their level; show sharing and turn-taking through example •Comfort your child when they are angry or frustrated •Provide opportunities to play with other children •Continue to speak to your child in the language(s) you know best

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Child continues to put toys in mouth rather than use them in play activities •Child does not respond to own name or recognize words for familiar objects •Child is not regularly using words •Child does not show interest in other children or relate to others •Child demands constant attention and refuses to leave caregiver’ s side •Child is not yet standing or walking independently •If walking, child continues to stand or walk on tiptoes

如何與孩子相處:

•加長孩子說的話,例如孩子說「汽車」 , 可跟著說「汽車開了」 •懂得玩簡單的拼圖遊戲;和孩子一起 看書 •鼓勵孩子玩完遊戲後,自己收拾東西 •用一些簡單的物件來鼓勵玩假裝的遊戲 (玩具電話、掃帚、壺和鍋) •以孩子懂得的水平跟他們玩,用例子來 展示分享和輪流玩 •孩子生氣或沮喪時,安撫慰他們 •提供機會讓他們跟其他孩子一起玩 •繼續用你最熟悉的語言與你的孩子 說話

何時要提出疑問:

•孩子繼續把玩具放進嘴裡,而不是用 於遊戲中 •孩子對自己的名字沒反應,或不懂得熟 悉物品的名稱 •孩子不會經常使用字彙 •孩子對其他孩子或對別人的事,不表 示興趣 •孩子要求持續不斷的關注,拒絕離開照 顧者的身邊 •孩子仍然未能獨自站立或行走 •如果會走路,孩子仍然用腳尖站立或 行走

p. 32 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-233-3150) •Infant development program (604-279-7059)

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話: 604-279-7059)

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 33


AT 24 MONTHS YOUR CHILD... 當孩子二十四個月大時... •Names objects in pictures •Follows two-step directions “Put ( on your shoes and get your coat”) •Has a growing vocabulary of at least 50 words and regularly says twoword phrases (i.e. mommy milk; daddy up) •Runs well with few falls •Jumps with two feet leaving the ground, and kicks a ball on request •Walks up and down stairs holding the railing •Stacks a tower of blocks and lines blocks up in a row •Threads a shoelace through large beads •Responds well to praise from others •Likes to imitate what they see others doing •Shows concern when others are in distress •Gets upset with changes in routine •Begins to play with or alongside other children •Enjoys pretend play (i.e. feeding or caring for a doll) •Helps clean up by placing objects where they belong •Removes simple clothing, unzips zippers, helps in dressing by putting on shoes

•說出圖畫中的物品 •會聽從兩個連續的指令( 「 穿上你的鞋 子,拿上你的外衣」 ) •認識更多詞彙,至少懂得50個詞彙,並 經常說兩個詞彙的短句(例如:媽媽牛 奶;爸爸起來) •跑得很好,較少跌倒 •用雙腳離地跳高,也會因應別人的要 求踢球 •能扶住欄杆上下樓梯 •會堆積一個積木塔,把方塊排成一行 •能把一條鞋帶穿過大珠 •對別人的贊美,反應良好 •喜歡模仿他們看到別人的動作 •當別人痛苦時,會表示關心 •一旦日常程序有變,會不開心 •開始同其他孩子玩,或在其他孩子的 旁邊玩耍 •喜歡玩假扮的遊戲(如餵洋娃娃吃飯或 照顧它) •幫助打掃,能把物品放回到原處 •能脫下簡單的衣服,會拉開上下拉鍊, 自己穿鞋

p. 34 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR CHILD:

•Encourage independence by allowing your child to do simple things for themselves (self-feeding, clean up toys, help set the table) •Provide opportunities for outdoor play and group play •Colour with crayons, read books together, do simple puzzles •Take turns talking. Pay attention to the things your child wants to talk about. •Encourage pretend play with dolls, farm set, kitchen, etc. •Add words to what your child says – “Puppy run” “The , puppy’ s running”

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Child is unable to follow simple directions •Child has a limited vocabulary and is not yet putting words together “mommy ( go”) •Child falls often - seems unsteady, has poor balance when running or is up on toes •Child focuses on repetitive activities and it is difficult to get them to change to other activities •Child does not use eye contact or gestures when communicating

如何與孩子相處:

•鼓勵你的孩子獨立自主,為自己做些 簡單的事(自己進食、收拾玩具、幫助 擺餐) •安排孩子進行戶外活動和團體遊戲 •用蠟筆塗色,一起看書,做簡單的拼圖 遊戲 •輪流說話,特別注意你孩子喜歡談的 事情 •鼓勵孩子用洋娃娃、農場工具、廚具等 玩假扮遊戲 •為孩子的說話加上其他詞彙,如「小狗 跑」 , 「小狗在跑了」

何時要提出疑問:

•孩子不能聽從簡單的指令 •孩子的詞彙有限,還不能把詞彙組合一 塊(如「媽媽走」 ) •孩子常常跌倒,走路似乎不穩定,跑步 時平衡差,或用腳尖走路 •孩子專注在重複的活動上,很難讓他們 把注意力轉到其他活動上 •與人溝通時,不用眼神接觸或手勢來 交流

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃(電話:604-2797059)

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-233-3150) •Infant development program (604-279-7059) Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 35


AT 3 YEARS YOUR CHILD... 當孩子三歲的時候... •Has an increasing attention span - can stay with one activity for 5 minutes •Understands concepts such as big/ little, loud/soft, up/down •Identifies at least 2 colours and is able to sort different objects •Uses 3-4 word sentences and asks questions •Understands the meaning of on, under, beside etc. •Walks up and down stairs alone, one foot to each step •Stands on one foot and jumps forward with two feet •Strings large beads on a shoelace •Cuts paper with child-safe scissors •Copies circles, dots, small lines and a cross •Interacts with both children and adults - plays independently with other children briefly, and is learning to share and take turns •Plays make believe games •Is much more independent and will want to do things by themselves, but is still learning to follow simple rules. Will need reminders •Is beginning to understand and express own feelings (sad, happy, tired, angry, etc.)

•Feelings may change suddenly – your child is still learning how to handle different feelings •Enjoys simple books and listening to stories and rhymes •注意力可以持續得更長久,可以玩5分 鐘的活動 •明白一些概念,例如大/小,響亮的/柔 和的,上/下 •識別至少兩種顏色,並能把不同的物 品分類 •會用3-4個詞彙組成的句子,並會發問 問題 •理解上、下、旁邊等的含義 •獨自上下樓梯,一隻腳走一步階梯 •能單腳站立,用雙腳向前跳 •能用鞋帶穿上大珠 •懂得用兒童安全剪刀剪紙 •模仿畫圓、小圓點、短線和交叉 •能與孩子或成人交流,能單獨與其他 孩子玩耍一會兒,並正在學習分享和 輪流玩耍 •會玩偽裝遊戲 •更加獨立,想單獨做事,但仍在學習遵 從簡單的規則,需要提醒 •逐漸開始理解並表達自己的情緒(悲 傷、高興、疲倦、生氣等) •情緒會突然轉變,你的孩子仍在學習如 何處理自己不同的情緒 •喜歡看簡單的書本,愛聽故事和童謠

p. 36 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR CHILD: •Have your child tell you about picture books •Bring your child to a community playgroup or preschool where they can learn to interact and play with children their own age •Talk with your child about feelings and emotions; this help children learn to identify and name them •Continue to give your child opportunities to play with other children •Have conversations with your child in your home language(s)

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Child rarely responds when you call •Child does not understand simple directions or responds inappropriately to simple directions or requests •Child has a short attention span and may be focused on activities or objects •Child is not yet putting 3-4 words together in sentences, or you cannot understand their speech •Child avoids contact with other children, plays alone •Child continues to trip or fall often when walking or running •Child is overly aggressive and unpredictable

如何與孩子相處:

•讓你的孩子給你講圖畫書 •帶孩子參加社區内的遊戲小組或幼兒 班,讓他們學習與同齡的小朋友交流和 一起玩耍 •跟你的孩子談論感覺和情緒,幫助孩子 學懂和說出不同的情緒 •繼續安排你的孩子與其他孩子一起 玩耍 •用你在家中使用的語言和你的孩子 談話

何時要提出疑問:

•當你叫孩子時,孩子很少回應 •孩子不明白簡單的指令,或對簡單的指 令和要求,作出不適合的回應 •孩子的注意力仍然很短暫,可能全神貫 注於活動或事物上 •孩子還不能同時把3-4個詞彙用於句子 中,或你不明白他們說的話 •孩子避免與其他孩子接觸,只是獨自 玩耍 •走路或跑步時,常絆倒或跌倒 •孩子過度地攻擊性和難以預測

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150)

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 37


AT 4 – 5 YEARS YOUR CHILD... 當孩子四至五歲的時候... •Enjoys playing with other children and has favourite games and playmates •Expresses emotions and may be able to •name feelings. May show concern and sympathy for younger children when they are upset •Speaks in sentences, and speech is almost 100% understandable •May tell simple stories; sings songs and says rhymes •Begins to recognize some letters and may write own first name •Can count to 10 •Walks up and down stairs alone •Jumps, climbs, and stands on one foot •Catches a ball with two hands •Works at one activity for up to 15-30 minutes •Paints with a large brush on larger paper •Manipulates clay and playdough •Is independent in dressing, using the toilet and hand washing

•喜歡同其他孩子玩,有特別喜歡的遊 戲和玩伴 •能表達和甚至說出自己的情緒,當其他 較年幼的孩子不快樂時,會表現出關 心和同情 •會用句子交談,別人差不多完全能夠明 白他們的說話 •可能會講簡單的故事,唱歌和童謠 •開始認識一些字母,會寫自己的名 •會從一數到十 •獨自上下樓梯 •跳躍、爬高、單腳站立 •可用雙手接球 •能參與15-30分鐘的活動 •用大畫筆在較大紙上畫畫 •會玩黏土和泥膠 •獨立穿衣,用廁所和洗手

p. 38 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Growing & Learning

成長與學習

WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR CHILD:

•Have your child tell a story about their drawings •Provide lots of opportunities to run, jump, and climb each day •When outdoors, talk about things you see and do using your home language(s) •Allow your child to help make decisions about simple problems in their life (if your child left their coat at preschool, let them decide what to wear as an alternative) •Provide opportunities for creativity •(painting, colouring, drawing, telling short stories) •Share books with your child every day, reading the story or talking about the pictures in the language(s) you know best •Teach your child their personal information (name, address, phone number)

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Child’s speech is not understood by others •Child is unable to follow two-part directions •Child has difficulty holding a pencil or crayon or stringing beads •Child avoids activities such as climbing, jumping, hopping •Child hurts animals or others on purpose; child does not show any feeling when they hurt others •Child is not speaking in sentences at least four words long

如何與孩子相處:

•讓孩子就他們的繪畫講故事 •每天安排大量機會讓孩子跑、跳和爬 •到戶外時,使用你在家中說的語言和孩 子談論見到的事物和活動 •讓孩子自己決定生活上的簡單問題(如 孩子把外套遺留在幼兒園了,讓孩子決 定可改穿什麽衣服) •安排讓孩子發揮創意的機會(繪畫、填 色、畫圖、講短故事) •每天和孩子一起看書,用你最熟悉的語 言閲讀故事或談談書上的圖畫 •教導孩子他們的個人資料(姓名、地址、 電話號碼)

何時要提出疑問:

•別人不明白你孩子說的話 •孩子不能同時聽從兩個指示 •孩子拿鉛筆、蠟筆或穿珠子時有困難 •孩子逃避攀爬、跳躍或單腳跳等類的 活動 •孩子故意傷害動物或別人,當孩子傷害 別人時,並無表達任何感情 •孩子不能說至少由四個詞彙組成的 句子

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150)

向誰求助:

•你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(電話:604-233-3150)

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 39


Speech & Language Development 發音及語言發展 BIRTH TO 12 MONTHS 出生至12個月 BABIES…

•Hear from birth. All newborns have their hearing tested shortly after birth. Hearing is essential for speech and language development •Learn to talk by listening to others around them and imitating these sounds •Respond to voices and facial expressions even if they do not understand words yet •Communicate through crying. They will cry differently if they are hungry, tired or need to be held •Begin to use sounds to communicate with you between 3 and 8 months. They coo, chuckle, gurgle, laugh, and babble. Babies communicate more when people respond and talk with them. They can copy a tone of voice or facial expression and will often watch your face •Will learn by 8 months to get your attention by pointing to something

or tugging at you and will try again if not successful. They start to say more sounds like“mama”or“baba”

嬰兒…

•出生就具有聽力,所有新生嬰兒均在出 生後不久接受聽力測試。 聽力對發音及 語言發展是非常重要的 •透過聆聽周圍人士的說話和模仿這些 聲音來學習說話 •即使未能理解說話的意義,也能對聲音 和臉部表情做出反應 •用哭來與人溝通。 當他們飢餓、疲倦或 需要擁抱時,會發出不同的哭聲 •3至8個月期間,開始使用聲音來與你溝 通,會發出咕咕聲、 咯咯聲、 哈哈聲、 笑聲 和呀呀學語。 當別人對他們作出反應或 說話,嬰兒會進行更多的溝通。 他們能 重複聲音或面部表情,並經常看你的臉 •8個月大時,會學懂指向某些東西或拉 一拉你來吸引你的注意;如果未能成 功,更會重做。 他們開始發出更多如「媽 媽」或「爸爸」的聲音。

p. 40 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


12 TO 24 MONTHS 12至24個月 TODDLERS….

•Say their first words around 12 months •Say at least 50 words by age two •Understand simple directions, such as“Get your socks” •Know and can say their name. •Put two words together, such as “puppy run”or“daddy go”between 18 - 24 months

幼兒…

•約12個月大時開始說話 •到二歲大時,會說至少50個字 •理解簡單的指令,如「去拿你的襪子」 •知道及能說出自已的姓名 •18至24個月大時,能把兩個詞彙組合 起來,如「狗狗跑」或「爸爸走

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 41


TWO TO THREE YEARS OF AGE 2至3歲 TODDLERS…

•Learn many words between 2 and 3 years. You will hear your child say new words regularly at this age •Say 3-4 word sentences regularly by age 3 •Use words like“mine”,“no”,“I” and“me” •Ask lots of questions, such as “What’s that”by age 3 and“Why” by age 3 and a half

幼兒…

•2至3歲期間,學懂許多詞彙。 當你的孩 子在這個年齡,你會聽到他們經常說 新的詞彙 •3歲時,會經常說由三個至四個詞彙組 成的句子 •使用「我的」、 「不」、 「我是」和「我」等類 的詞彙 •會問很多問題,如3歲時問「那是什麼」 ,3歲半時問「為什麼」

FOUR TO FIVE YEARS OF AGE 4至5歲 BY AGE 5, PRESCHOOLERS…

•Use long sentences and can join two sentences together using words like“and”and“because” •Can tell a simple story about their day or describe their art work •Understand how things are the same or different •Can follow three-part directions •Count to 10 •Know their colours •Are understood by other adults 90% of the time

5歲的學前兒童…

•使用長的句子,懂得用「和」及「因為」這 類詞彙把兩個句子連接起來 •能講一個關於自己日常事宜的簡單故 事,或描述他們的「美術作品」 •明白事物有何相同或不同之處 •可跟隨三步指令 •能從一數到十 •懂得分辨顏色 •其他成年人大多能明白(90%)他們的 意思

p. 42 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Speech & Language Development

發音及語言發展

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Read, sing, and talk to your child as you do your daily activities, such as changing diapers, feeding, or driving in the car •Make eye contact with your child at their level. Listen and allow time for them to talk •Respond to your child’ s efforts to talk •Repeat what they say. Add a word or an idea •Encourage them to keep talking •Don’t correct them if they say a word incorrectly. Repeat the word correctly in a new sentence •Participate in play groups, story times and have other children over to play. Limit screen time •Speak to your child in the language(s) you know best. Don’t worry if you don’t use English. Your child can learn English from experiences in the community

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•It is important to get help as early as possible. Call early if you are at all concerned that your child is not hearing, understanding or talking like other children their age. It may take up to one year for your child to be seen for speech therapy •For speech and language or hearing services, contact Richmond Public Health at 604-233-3150. All services are free and confidential

你可以做什麽:

•一邊處理日常事務,例如換尿布、餵食 或駕車時,一邊和你的子女閱讀、唱歌 和交談 •與孩子平坐接觸他們的目光,聽他們說 話,給時間讓他們表達自己 •孩子努力說話,你應給予回應 •重複他們說的話,可添加詞彙或意思。 •鼓勵他們繼續說話 •孩子如果用字不當,切勿糾正他們,應 在新句子中再説出正確的詞彙 •參加遊戲小組和故事時間,邀請其他小 朋友來家裏玩,限制面對屏幕的時間 •用你最熟悉的語言和子女交談。 如果你 不說英語,無需擔心,你的孩子可透過 參與社區内活動學到英語

向誰求助:

•盡早求助是非常重要的。 如果你擔心孩 子聽不到,或不能如其他同齡兒童一 樣理解語言或說話,應及早諮詢。 你的 子女可能要輪候一年才有機會接受語 言治療。 •有關發音和語言,或聽力等各項服務, 請致電604-233-3150聯絡列治文公共 衛生部(Richmond Public Health) , 全部服務均是免費和保密的。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 43


Vision & Children 你小孩的視力

YOUR CHILD’ S VISION 你小孩的視力 •Vision is important to your child’ s learning •Vision develops in stages. At birth babies can see and begin to learn to use their eyes. They begin to judge distances and learn eye-hand coordination •Vision becomes“adult-like”by twelve months. By the preschool years your child develops vision skills needed for eye-hand coordination, fine motor skills and learning to read. Vision development continues until about age 8 •Early vision screening is important in order to detect vision problems or changes. Some vision problems may be hard to notice without screening. All children should have their vision screened at 3 years old or sooner if your child’s family has a history of eye problems

• 視力對於你孩子的學習能力是非常重 要的。 •視力是分不同的階段發展的。 剛出生的 嬰兒,就能用眼睛看並開始學習使用他 們的眼睛。 他們開始判斷距離和學習 手、眼的協調 •孩子的視力,能在十二個月的時間,變 成「成人」的視力。 在學齡前,你的孩子 發展視力以用於手、眼的協調,以及一 些手部動作和學習閱讀。 視力發展將持 續到大約8歲 •早期視力檢查是很重要的,可及早發現 視力問題或變化。 如果不接受檢查,可 能很難留意到某一些視力問題。 所有兒 童應在3歲接受視力檢查,如果孩子的 家庭有視力問題的歷史,就應更早檢查

p. 44 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


LOOKING AFTER YOUR CHILD’ S EYES:

Here are ways you can prevent eye injuries and increase eye safety and eye health for your child:

•Do not let your child play with sharp items (i.e. scissors) and think safety when choosing toys •Limit the amount of television your child watches to no more than one hour per day and keep your child at least 3 meters (8-10 feet) from the television screen •Protect your child’s eyes from the sun with a wide brim hat and wraparound sunglasses (rated 99-100% UVA and UVB protection) •Feed your child a variety of fruits and vegetables - they contain vitamins and minerals which are good for the eyes

照顧你孩子的眼睛:

以下是一些能預防你孩子的眼睛受傷,以 及保護眼睛安全和健康的方法:

•不要讓孩子玩尖銳的物品(如剪刀) ,在 選擇玩具時,應考慮物品的安全性 •限制孩子看電視的時間,每天不超過一 小時,保持孩子距離電視屏幕至少有3米 ( 8-10英尺) •保護子女的眼睛免受太陽的傷害,給他 們戴上闊邊帽及包覆式的太陽眼鏡(防 99-100% UVA和UVB紫外線) •讓孩子吃多種不同的蔬果,這些食物含 有維生素和礦物質,有助保持眼睛健康

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 45


VISION SCREENING:

•Your child can have vision screening or an eye exam even if they do not talk or read yet •The Richmond Public Health offers vision screening for 5 year olds. For all other ages, vision exams by the eye doctor (optometrist) do not require a referral and are partially covered by health insurance. Not all optometrists see babies, so ask when making an appointment

WHEN TO GET HELP:

•Your child should see your family doctor or eye doctor if you notice any of these signs or symptoms: •Red, itchy or watery eyes •Squinting, rubbing the eyes, or excessive blinking •Drooping upper eyelid •Sensitivity to light •Eyes turned in or out •Bumping into things •Covering or closing one eye •Lack of concentration •Holding objects too close •Avoiding activities needing distance vision •Avoiding books and television

視力檢測驗:

•孩子還沒開始說話或閱讀時,就應接受 視力測驗或眼部檢查 •列治文公共衛生部(Richmond Public Health)為5歲兒童提供視力測驗。 其 他年齡的兒童可以約見眼科醫師(驗 光師)作視力測驗,無需轉介,部分費用 已包括在醫療保險中。 但不是所有驗 光師都替嬰兒檢查,所以應在預約時 先行查詢

何時需要求助:

如果發現任何下列的跡象或症狀,應即安 排你的孩子去看家庭醫生或眼科醫生: •紅、發癢或水樣眼睛 •瞇眼、揉眼睛、或過量地眨眼 •上眼蓋下垂 •對光敏感 •眼睛往往向内或向外斜視 •碰撞到東西 •老是蓋著或閉起一隻眼睛 •缺乏聚焦 •拿得太近來看物件 •逃避參加需要遠觀的活動 •不願看書和看電視

p. 46 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Vision & Children

你小孩的視力

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•For more information about the vision screening program, please contact Richmond Public Health (604-233-3150) •To find an optometrist in your area, contact the BC Association of •Optometrists (604-737-9907) or visit www.optometrists.bc.ca

向誰求助:

•有關視力測驗服務的詳情,請聯絡列治 文公共衛生部 •(Richmond Public Health,電話 604-233-3150) •請聯絡卑詩省視光師協會(BC Association of Optometrists ,電話604-7379907)或瀏覽網站www.optometrists. bc.ca ,物色你所屬區内的驗光師

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 47


Dental Health & Children 小孩與牙齒健康

BUILDING HEALTHY TEETH 保持牙齒健康 Healthy baby teeth are important to your child’s growth and development. Baby teeth are meant to last. Many baby teeth do not fall out until your child is 10-12 years old. Take care of baby teeth. Tooth decay can start as soon as teeth come in. If you start good habits early, tooth decay can be prevented.

BEFORE YOUR CHILD GETS TEETH: •As a parent, you should get your mouth in as good shape as possible. Tooth decay bacteria spreads from you to your child. Make sure your teeth are healthy •Ensure your baby unlatches from breast or bottle when they fall asleep •Clean inside your baby’s mouth every day with a damp washcloth

健康的乳齒對你子女的成長和發 展十分重要。 乳齒應一直保持,其 中不少乳齒到孩子10至12歲才 會脫落。 小心護理乳齒,因為蛀牙 可能早至出牙時便開始。 如果你 能及早為子女養成良好的護齒習 慣,是可以預防蛀牙的。 孩子出牙之前:

•作為家長,你應保持自己的口腔健康。 確保你牙齒的健康,才可預防蛀牙病菌 從你傳染給你的嬰兒 •嬰兒入睡後,應確保他們的嘴巴不再含 著乳頭或奶瓶 •每天用濕布清潔嬰兒的口腔内部

p. 48 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


AS SOON AS TEETH COME IN:

•Use a small, soft toothbrush to clean the teeth twice a day •Brush with a small amount of toothpaste (about the size of a grain of rice) to keep the teeth strong •Teach your child to drink from a cup as soon as they can sit up

AROUND YOUR CHILD’ S FIRST BIRTHDAY:

•It is time for a dental visit. Tooth decay can be stopped if treated early. Your dentist will talk about daily care, teething, fluoride, and eating habits. They will let you know how often they would like to see your child •Keep brushing with toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste twice a day •Teeth that touch should be flossed once a day •Offer water between meals •Your child should no longer be using a bottle

剛出牙時:

•每天兩次用一把細小、柔軟的牙刷清潔 嬰兒的牙齒 •用少量的牙膏(約一粒米的大小)為嬰 兒刷牙,保持牙齒堅固 •嬰兒一懂得坐起,立即教他們用杯來 喝飲料

嬰兒約1歲時:

•是時候檢查牙齒了,萬一發現蛀牙,也 可盡早治療。 牙醫會和你談到日常護理 牙齒的常識、出牙時期、含氟牙膏、飲食 習慣等,也會告訴你每隔多久再帶孩子 來見牙醫 •堅持每天兩次,使用牙刷和含氟的牙膏 替嬰兒刷牙 •每日一次,使用牙線來清潔牙齒與牙齒 之間的牙縫 •兩餐之間給嬰兒喝水 •你的嬰兒不應再用奶瓶了

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 49


3 YEARS AND BEYOND:

•Your child should have all their baby teeth now •Offer small healthy snacks at set times and water between meals. Frequent eating and drinking liquids other than water can lead to tooth decay •Keep up the good work brushing for your child – your child won’ t be able to do a good job brushing their teeth until they are around 8 years old •Brush with a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste twice a day now •Visit the dentist regularly

Congratulations! You have built some healthy dental habits. Regular dental visits; good daily oral care; and healthy eating will help keep your child’s baby teeth in good shape. Between the ages of 6 and 12 years, your child has both baby and adult teeth in their mouth. Healthy baby teeth lead to healthy adult teeth.

3歲及之後:

•孩子的乳齒現在應該出齊了 •在正餐之間定時給孩子吃健康的小食 和喝水,經常進食和喝其他飲料會引 起蛀牙 •繼續幫你的孩子刷牙 - 孩子要到8歲左 右,才懂得好好地自己刷牙 •每日兩次用一粒豌豆大小的含氟牙膏 來替孩子刷牙 •定期帶孩子約見牙醫

恭喜你!你已經為子女養成保持 牙齒健康的好習慣。 定期檢查牙 齒、良好的日常口腔護理以及健 康的飲食習慣,將有助維持你孩 子的乳齒健康。 在6歲到12歲期 間,孩子的口腔內既有乳齒又有 恆齒。 乳齒健康,恆齒也會健康。

✓ De n ta l T I P 牙齒護理小提示

✓✓ Brush and floss in front of your child to set a good example ✓✓ Position yourself behind your child to brush their teeth

在孩子面前用牙刷和牙線清潔牙 齒,樹立良好的榜樣 站在孩子的背後來幫他們刷牙

p. 50 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Dental Health & Children

小孩與牙齒健康

WHEN TO ASK QUESTIONS:

•Parent has tooth decay •Child sips and snacks often during the day •Child is not cooperative with daily oral care •Child has white, yellow or brown areas on the teeth; teeth are dull •Gums bleed when brushed

WHO DO YOU ASK FOR HELP? •Your family dentist •A public health dental hygienist (604-233-3150)

WHERE TO GET HELP:

•Information on Healthy Kids Benefit (government support for the cost of children’ s dentistry) @ 1-866-866-0800 •“Find A Dentist”at www.bcdental.org •Free oral screening and preventive services for children 0-6 who do not have a dentist @ Richmond Public Health (604) 233-3150

何時要提出疑問:

•家長有蛀牙 •孩子日間經常喝飲料和吃點心 •孩子不肯合作每日照顧自己的口腔 衛生 •孩子的牙齒上有白色、黃色或啡色的牙 漬,或牙齒暗啞色 •刷牙時牙齦出血

向誰求助:

•你的家庭牙醫 •公共健康牙齒衛生員 (604-233-3150)

向何處求助:

•有關健康兒童福利(Healthy Kids Benefit)的資料,可致電1-866-866-0800查 詢。 這是一項政府為兒童牙齒護理提供 補助的計劃 •請登入www.bcdental.org瀏覽「尋找 牙醫」部分 •列治文公共衛生部(Richmond Public Health)為0-6歲沒有牙醫的小孩子 提供免費的口腔檢查及預防服務(電 話:604-233-3150)

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 51


Feeding Young Children 餵養小孩 MORE THAN FOOD 什麽比食物更加重要

Feeding and mealtimes are important for children to grow healthy and strong. But feeding and mealtimes means much more than just food. Feeding is about nurturing the whole child, their body, mind and heart. It is the way children learn to feel good about themselves and to trust their caregivers to care for them. Feeding is about building the strong relationships that make children feel loved, safe and secure.

餵養和定時飲食,對於孩子的健 康及強壯地成長,是非常重要的, 但我們不單只是考慮食物的問 題。 餵養是培養孩子的全面發展, 包括他們的身體和心智,讓孩子 從中學習良好的自我感覺,並信 任照顧者對他們的關愛。 餵養有 助建立牢固的關係,使孩子覺得 被愛和安全。

p. 52 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


✓ TIP / 提示

I ron R i ch Foods :

✓✓ Meat (beef, pork, lamb, goat etc.), poultry, fish (low mercury fish) ✓✓ Legumes – soybeans, kidney ✓✓ beans, black beans lentils, chickpeas, peas, tofu ✓✓ Egg yolks ✓✓ Nuts and seeds ✓✓ Enriched baby cereals

鐵質 含 量 豐 富 的 食 物 :

INTRODUCING FOODS

Six months of age is the right time to offer nutritious foods. Your baby is then ready to learn to eat real food. They can sit up, and their tongue can move the food back to swallow. Learning about new tastes and textures is important. Your baby can eat many of the same healthy foods enjoyed by the rest of the family. Offer your baby foods that are rich in iron. Choose foods made with little or no added salt or sugar. Be patient. Children need to try a new food often before it is accepted. Studies tell us that some young children need to try new foods 10 to 15 times before they will eat it. Children learn about food by touching, licking and tasting. Learning to eat food is messy. Your baby can enjoy mashed foods before teeth appear. Pureed foods are not needed as long as the texture is soft. This includes: minced, mashed, ground, lumpy and tender-cooked. By 1 year, baby is learning to eat soft foods cut into small pieces.

✓✓ 肉類(牛肉、豬肉、羊肉、山羊肉等)、 家禽、魚(水銀含量低的魚類) ✓✓ 豆類 - 黃豆、腰豆 ✓✓ 小豆、 黑豆、 扁豆、 鹰嘴豆、 豌豆、 豆腐 ✓✓ 蛋黃 ✓✓ 堅果和種籽 ✓✓ 添加濃縮營養成分的嬰兒穀類食品

給孩子試吃新食物

當孩子六個月大時,是開始提供營養食品 的好時機。 孩子已準備好學習進食真正的 食物,他們可以坐起,舌頭可以把食物推 到嘴的後方然後吞下。 學會吃新口味和新 口感的食物是非常重要的,孩子也可以吃 你家人吃的許多健康食品,給孩子吃含有 豐富鐵質的食物,只選擇那些用很少或完 全沒有添加鹽或糖的食物。

保持耐性,孩子需要經常嘗試,才會接受 新的食物。 研究顯示,有些小孩子需要試 吃一種新食物10到15次,才會吃下這種 食物。 孩子是透過觸摸、舔和嚐來學習了 解新食物。 學習吃食物是件麻煩凌亂的事 情,孩子的乳齒出現之前,可吃糊狀食品, 如果食物是軟身的,可以不用打成糊狀, 這包括:絞碎、搗碎、磨碎、塊狀和煮得柔 軟的食物。 小朋友1歲時,便可學習進食切 成小塊的軟身食物。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 53


WHAT TO DO AT MEALTIMES:

Eating together, is a time to connect, a time to support your child’s overall development. Even if your baby is not eating food, they can sit with you, and enjoy the family mealtime. By 9 months, set up regular meal and snack times. Aim for 3 meals and 2-3 snacks by 1 year of age.

Always eat with your children and never let them eat alone. Turn the TV and computer off and talk with your child. The television and computer are too distracting and they take time away from eating and pleasant conversation. Talking to your children at mealtimes shows them you are interested and care about them. They discover and explore new foods and new eating skills but also discover and develop language. If you love eating broccoli, so will your children. Enjoy eating meals together and your children will follow your lead. It is your job to make mealtimes pleasant. So, do not force feed. Children end up refusing the food and eating less. It does not lead to good eating habits, nor does it help develop positive self-esteem. Let children decide which foods to eat of those offered and how much. Trust them to know when they are hungry and when they have eaten enough. Keep giving them healthy foods at regular meal and snack times. The actual amounts

they eat are up to them. Remember, it is not your job to make your children eat.

Picky eaters are children who often refuse foods or will constantly only eat the same foods. Parents worry these children are not getting enough nutrition to grow. But in most cases, they are. In fact, 50% of parents think their children are picky eaters. But 95% of healthy babies and toddlers meet all their nutritional needs. Relax and take the pressure off yourself and your child. Model good behaviour and your child will follow.

Children come in all sizes. Some are short and thin, others grow much faster and bigger. Babies and toddlers can be healthy at many different sizes. There is no one right or exact amount of food that children need to grow. What is important is they enjoy eating a variety of foods and they have the energy to play and interact with others.

p. 54 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Feeding Young Children

餵養小孩

進餐時該做什麼:

孩子的體型各有不同,有些矮瘦一點,有 些生長得較快和較大個子。 不同體型的嬰 兒和幼兒都是健康的,孩子成長需要多少 食物,並沒有一個正確或確實的標準。 重 要的是他們喜歡吃各種食物,並有足夠的 精力去玩耍及與別人交流。

陪孩子進餐是非常重要的,不要讓他們一 個人吃。 關掉電視和電腦,陪孩子說話。 電 視和電腦太吸引了,取代了吃飯和愉快交 談的時間。 進餐時和孩子說話,會讓孩子 感受到你喜歡並關心他們。 他們發現和探 索新食物和新的進食技巧,也同時發展語 言的能力。

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

只吃同一種食物的孩子。 父母擔心這些孩 子得不到足夠的營養健康成長,但在大 多數情況下,孩子的營養是足夠的。 事實 上,50%的家長認為自己的孩子挑食,但 95%的健康嬰兒和幼兒均已獲得其所需 要的營養。 所以請放鬆心情,減輕自己和 孩子的壓力,塑造良好的行為典範,讓孩 子向你學習。

如果你對餵養孩子有疑問,請於星期一至 五致電811請教營養師。

一起進餐是聯絡感情的時間,是支持你的 孩子全面發展的時間。 即使嬰兒不吃東 西,也可以坐在你身旁享受和家人一起進 餐的時光。 孩子9個月大時,建立有規律的 正餐和點心時間。 到1歲大時,應該養成一 日三餐,加上兩三次點心的習慣。

If you have concerns talk with your doctor or contact the public health nurse or community nutritionist at (604) 233-3150.

If you have a question about feeding your child, dial 811 Monday to Friday and ask to speak to a dietitian.

如果你喜歡吃西蘭花,你的孩子也會喜歡 吃。 一起享受進餐的時光,你的孩子將跟 隨你的引導。 你有責任培養美好的進餐時 To register for a“Starting Solid Foods 光,因此當孩子拒絕進食且吃得較少的時 Talk”,call (604) 233-4655. 候,不要強迫餵食,因為這並不能養成良 If your child is 1-5 years old and is 好的進餐習慣,也不利於建立正確的自 not eating well, consider attending a 尊。 讓孩子自己決定吃那些和吃多少你給 “Helping Your Child Eat Well”work他們的食物。 相信孩子知道自己什麼時候 shop. Call 604-233-3103 to register. 肚子餓、什麼時候吃飽了。 在規定的正餐 時間和點心時間,繼續給孩子吃健康的食 向誰求助: 物,任由孩子自己決定吃多少。 請記住,強 如你有任何疑問,可請教你的醫生,或致 迫孩子進食並不是你的責任。 電604-233-3150聯絡公共衛生護士或社 挑食的人就是那些經常拒絕食物,或總是 區營養師。 歡迎致電604-233-4655,報名參加「開始 餵哺固體食物講座」。

如果你的孩子已有1至5歲大,但仍未吃得 好,可考慮參加「幫助你的孩子吃得好」的 工作坊,歡迎致電604-233-3103報名。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 55


BIRTH TO 12 MONTHS 出生到12個月: WHAT YOUR BABY CAN DO:

•Shows you when they are hungry or full by turning away from breast or bottle when full, crying when hungry.

AT 6 MONTHS LEARNING TO: •Balance and sit up •Reach for food •Eat with fingers

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Respond to their signs of hunger by feeding them •Offer 3-4 food groups at meals •Hold them, and help calm them so they focus on eating •Stop feeding when they are full •Have family mealtimes •Eat with your baby •Give iron rich family foods •Boost the texture of the food •Give safe finger foods, offer a cup •Turn off the TV and computer, put down mobile phones and other devices, and talk with your baby

孩子會做什麼:

•能表達飢餓或者飽足:當飽足時,把頭 轉開離開乳房或奶瓶;當飢餓時,哭鬧

孩子6個月時學會: •平衡及坐起 •取食物 •用手指吃食物

你能做什麼:

•當他們表示飢餓時,餵食 •給3-4種不同的食物 •抱著他們,並幫助他們平靜情緒,以便 專心進吃 •當他們表示飽足時,停止餵食 •安排家庭進餐時間 •與婴兒一起進餐 •準備含鐵質豐富的家庭食物 •給婴兒吃不同口感的食物 •為孩子準備安全、可用手指吃的食物, 並給他們一個杯 •關掉電視和電腦,放下手提電話和其他 電子用品,與孩子交談

p. 56 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Feeding Young Children

餵養小孩

WHAT YOUR CHILD IS LEARNING: •To try new foods •To be a good communicator and that you are listening to them •They are important to you •To calm themselves with help •Milk is for nutrition, not comfort •To feed self •Deciding how much to eat •Focusing on eating at mealtimes •Mealtimes are fun and feel good •What foods they like or dislike •Learning to sip from a cup

1 TO 2 YEARS 1到2歲

孩子正在學習什麼:

•嘗試新的食物 •成為良好的交流者,知道你在聽他們 說話 •他們對你是重要的 •在幫助下可以平靜情緒 •牛奶是用來增進營養,不是精神安慰 •自己進食 •决定吃多少食物 •進餐時間專心吃飯 •進餐時心情愉快並感覺良好 •他們喜歡或不喜歡那些食物 •從杯子啜飲水

WHAT YOUR CHILD CAN DO:

孩子會做什麼:

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

你能做什麼:

•Feed self different foods •Start to use a baby safe spoon, fork •Drink from a cup •Give 3–4 food groups at meals •Give 2-3 healthy snacks daily •Give safe finger foods •Give water not juice for thirst

WHAT YOUR CHILD IS LEARNING: •To try new foods •To do things for self •To feed self and to ask for help •Trust you will help them if they are struggling

•自己吃不同的食物 •開始使用嬰兒專用的安全調匙和叉子 •從杯子喝水 •正餐時,給孩子3-4種不同的食物 •每日準備2-3次健康的點心 •給安全、可用手指吃的食物 •給孩子喝水解渴,而不是喝果汁

孩子正在學習什麼:

•嘗試新的食物 •自己做事情 •自己進食並尋求幫助 •相信如果他們有困難時你會給予幫助

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 57


2 TO 3 YEARS 2-3歲

WHAT YOUR CHILD CAN DO:

•Choose which foods to eat •Uses words to express thoughts and feelings •Help out during mealtimes

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Let your child see you enjoy eating a variety of healthy foods •Offer 3-4 food groups at meals •Offer 2-3 healthy snacks daily •Ask questions, listen to the reply •Encourage polite behaviour •Offer simple tasks like putting napkins on the table, help mix a salad or a muffin batter

WHAT YOUR CHILD IS LEARNING: •To make healthy food choices •Know how much to eat •New words •Mealtimes are fun •Polite behaviour at mealtimes •They are important •They are capable •To help others feels good

•孩子會做什麼:

•選擇要吃的食品 •用詞彙來表達他們的思想和感覺 •進餐時會幫忙

你能做什麼:

•讓你的孩子看到你喜歡吃各種不同的 健康食品 •正餐時,準備3-4種不同的食物 •每日準備2-3份健康的點心 •問他們問題,並聽他們回答 •鼓勵有禮貌的行為 •讓孩子做一些簡單的事情,如將餐巾放 到桌上,幫助混合沙拉或鬆餅麵糊

孩子正在學習什麼: •選擇健康食品 •知道自己吃多少 •新詞彙 •進餐是愉快的時間 •進餐時要有禮貌 •他們很重要 •他們很能幹 •讓別人覺得愉快

p. 58 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Feeding Young Children

餵養小孩

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 59


Your Child’ s Personality 了解孩子的個性

WHAT IS TEMPERAMENT? 何謂氣質?

All children are born with their 所有的孩子天生都擁有自己和這 own way of approaching the 個世界交流的方式 — 這就是他們 world – this is called their 是氣質,這便是你孩子獨特的個人 temperament. This is your 「風格」或「性格」。 氣質決定你孩 child’s own personal“style” 子怎樣的去交流、探索和學習,也 or character. Temperament 隨著個人的發展、年齡的增長和 describes how your child likes 經驗的積累,而不斷地改變。 to interact, explore and learn. 你會如何形容你孩子的性格呢? Temperament varies with 性格可以從非常激烈到非常溫和, development, time and expe而大部分孩子都是這兩者之間 riences. HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE YOUR CHILD?

Each temperament characteristic can range from very intense to very mild with most children falling somewhere in the middle.

p. 60 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


How active is your child?

Is your child a“sitter”who likes to explore with their hands and likes to sit and take in the world around him? Or, is your child a“mover and shaker” who prefers to wriggle in their chair, move until they drop and touch anything they can get their hands on.

How emotionally intense is your child?

Are they a“low reactor”who rarely fusses, is more subtle or mellow and tolerates lots of stimulation? Do they respond more mildly – fussing rather than crying or smiling rather than laughing? Or, are they a“high reactor”who responds dramatically and expresses their feelings with great intensity (for example, squealing with delight or showing anger by throwing things, hitting and shouting)? A situation for a“high reactor”is either horrible or great.

你的孩子有多活躍呢?

你的孩子是不是一個「靜坐者」 ,喜歡一直 坐著,並用手探索身邊的事物呢?或者,孩 子是不是一個「好動者」 ,喜歡在椅子上轉 來轉去,探索身邊的東西,直到那些東西 掉到地下為止。

你孩子的情緒有多強烈呢?

孩子是不是一個「低調反應者」 ,對身邊的 大小事情不為所動,很少有反應呢?他們 是否總是溫和地面對身邊的事情並做出 反應 — 即使慌亂也不哭,即使笑了也不 出聲 呢?或者,孩子是一個「高調反應者」 ,對身邊的大小事情常常反應劇烈(例如: 用尖叫、亂扔東西、摔打、大吼大叫來宣洩 自己的喜怒哀樂) ,極端地表達自己的情 感的呢?面對某個情況時, 「高調反應者」 不是覺得很差,就是很好。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 61


How does your child adapt to change?

Do they like to“keep it the same”? Do they need set routines and thrive on order and predictability? Do they need lots of support to be comfortable in new situations? Do they tend to have more temper tantrums as they struggle to adapt to change? For example, a new pair of shoes, a new caregiver, or transitioning to a new activity – going from playtime to lunch may be difficult. Or, do they take things in stride? Are new friends, new foods, and new clothes interesting to them? Do they adapt well anywhere you take them? As a baby, did they nap in noisy restaurants? Do they enjoy looking around at new activities and can they amuse themselves easily? Do they go with the flow and find new routines exciting?

How persistent, frustrated or patient is your child?

Are they“easily frustrated”and do they give up quickly if something doesn’t go their way? Do they need your attention immediately, and need to feel success early on when trying a new skill? Or do they respond with crying, throwing things, or just walking away? Or, are they“persistent”, with an incredible ability to focus on a task and stick with it. Do they try things on their own, even when things are difficult? Are they patient and can they tolerate waiting for longer periods? Are they slower to“lose it”when they don’t get their way?

How sociable is your child?

Are they“slow to warm up”and need time to feel comfortable with new people? Do they prefer to be with their parents or primary caregivers? Are they happy and content to play on their own and often do not want to go to a new friend’ s house? Do they enjoy social situations and would not be labelled “shy” ? Do they need more time to get used to a social setting and sometimes need to leave earlier? Or, are they a “glad to meet you”child? Did they smile or look others in the eye even as a baby? Do they appear open and at ease with others and readily make and visit new friends? Do they seek out new situations and friends, but often have difficulty playing on their own?

p. 62 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Your Child’ s Personality

了解孩子的個性

你的孩子如何適應環境的轉變呢?

他們是不是喜歡「保持不變」呢?是否需要 固定的日常例行程序,並在有秩序及可預 見的情況下表現良好呢?當他們身處新的 環境時,是否需要大量的支援,才會感覺 舒服呢?在他們努力適應環境轉變時,是 否會較多發脾氣呢?例如,有一雙新鞋、新 的照顧者或過渡至新的活動 – 當他們在 玩耍時,可能很難叫他們去吃午餐。 或者, 他們是否從容面對改變呢?對新朋友、新 食物或新衣服,會否感到興趣呢?你帶他 們去其他地方,能否好好地適應呢?當孩 子還是嬰孩時,能否在嘈吵的餐廳裡睡著 呢?當進行新活動時,是否喜歡東張西望 呢?能否輕鬆地自娛自樂呢?是否容易適 應環境,樂於嘗試新的活動呢?

你的孩子有多執著、沮喪或耐心呢?

他們是否是一個「易沮喪者」 ,如果某些事 情不如其意願,他們是否很快就放棄呢? 學習一項新技能時,是否立即需要你的關 注,或很早就要嘗到成就感呢?是否以哭 鬧、亂扔東西或離開來回應呢?或者,是否 很「執著」 ,具有一種難以置信地專注某件 事的能力,並堅持下去?能否獨立地嘗試 做某些事情呢,即使面對困難,也不放棄? 是否有耐性,能夠忍受長時間的等候呢? 如果事情不能如願進行,會否較遲才會「 放棄它」呢?

你的孩子交際能力如何?

他們是否「慢熱」 ,需要時間才可從容地面 對陌生人呢?他們喜歡和父母一起,還是 和照顧者一起呢?是否樂於獨自玩耍,並 且大多不願意去新朋友的家玩呢?是否喜 歡參與社交場合,並且不會被認為是「害 羞」的呢?是否需要更多時間去融入社交 場合,甚至需要提早離開呢?或者,是否屬 於「很高興見到你」的那類孩子呢?是否笑 面迎人,即使仍是嬰孩時期,已會看著別 人的眼睛呢?是否看來對人開放、無拘無 束,並善於交上或探訪新的朋友呢?是否 主動尋找新的環境和朋友,但卻往往難以 自己獨自玩耍呢?

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 63


WHAT CAN YOU DO?

•Learn to accept and work with your child’s temperament rather than trying to change. This will make both your lives easier and more pleasant. If you understand your child’s temperament you anticipate what situations will be easy or more difficult for them. Take time to look at the world through your child’s eyes •Understand your own temperament. Your temperament is often different from your child’s temperament •Learn how your child’s temperament affects your parenting. For example, some children only need “a look”from a parent to stop an off-limits behaviour, while others will need more help from you to shift their behaviour from one thing to another. You will learn how to encourage your child’s strengths and help them work with their challenges

你該做什麼呢?

•學習去接納和適應孩子的性格,而不是 去改變它,將使你們的生活更加輕鬆愉 快。 如果你了解孩子的性格,便能夠預 料孩子在哪些情況下會感到輕鬆自在, 或在什麽情況下遇上困難。 請花點時 間,從你孩子的眼中去看這個世界。 •了解你自己的性格。 你的性格往往與你 孩子的性格並不相同。 •學習你孩子的性格如何影響你的育兒 方式。 例如,一些孩子只需要家長的一個 「眼神」 ,便即停止不應做的行為;但另 外有些孩子卻需要家長更多的支持,才 可改變他們的行為。 你將學習到如何鼓 勵孩子發揮自己的長處,幫助他們面對 和應付種種的挑戰。

向誰求助:

•有些時候,我們需要援助以了解子女及 與他們相處。 如果你有任何問題或擔心 之處,請致電: •你的醫生 •公共衛生護士,電話:604-233-3150

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

Sometimes we need help to understand or relate to our child. If you have questions or concerns speak to: •Your doctor •A public health nurse at 604-2333150

p. 64 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Your Child’ s Personality

了解孩子的個性

✓ TIP / 提示

Understand and respect your child’s temperament to foster a stronger parent-child relationship and make parenting easier and more fun for everyone.

理解和尊重孩子的性格,進而培養一種 穩固的親子關係,可使你的育兒工作更 加輕鬆和愉快。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 65


Social & Emotional Development 健康社交和情緒發展 BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GREAT RELATIONSHIP 建立良好親子關係的重要 Your relationship is the most important thing you can offer your child and will ensure that your child grows up to be healthy, happy and productive. So, let’s take some time to think through our parenting and play! Babies can identify you, their primary caregiver, at birth by sight, sound and smell. They can read your feelings by your facial expressions. They can mimic faces and feel what you feel. If they have had enough they know to turn away or close their eyes. By reaching to you or turning away, they send you a message about what they want - more communication or more quietness. A new parent needs to learn how their baby communicates.

Some babies have a harder time communicating. That can be frustrating

because you do not know what your baby wants. If you get too frustrated, ask for help.

一個健康良好的關係是最重要的事情,你 能給予孩子良好的關係,便能確保孩子健 康、快樂和積極進取地成長。 所以我們得 多花點時間,想想我們如何撫養孩子,如 何陪他們玩耍! 嬰兒從出生起,就能通過視覺、聲音和體 味,識別你作為他們主要的照顧者。 他們 可以從你的面部表情,閱讀你的感受,可 以模仿你的臉部感情和你的感覺。 如果他 們感覺夠了,他們會自動走開,或閉上他 們的眼睛。 通過親近你或離開你,嬰兒向你發送他們 想要什麽的訊息:想要更多的溝通,還是 更多的安寧。 初為父母者需要學習如何與 嬰兒溝通。

有些嬰兒在溝通方面會有困難,可能令你 感到沮喪,因為你不知道嬰兒想要什麼。 如果你感到沮喪不堪,請尋求援助。

p. 66 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


✓ TIP / 提示

Babies do not need us to be perfect, just good enough As you read your baby’s cues, over time, your baby learns you will be helpful and they will even stop crying when you enter the room! Your baby knows you can help! As you continue to understand your baby more, they become more attached to you, reaching out to you for help. Changes occur in you too as you feel close to your baby and more competent as a parent.

As you learn what your baby wants and provide it; as you guide your child safely, with respect; and as you help them with upset feelings, your child will also treat you with patience and respect. They will begin to control their feelings. They will look to you for reassurance.

Sometimes things do go wrong! This can happen in many ways, for example: •A child may have a difficult temperament, developmental delays or be sick •A parent can be ill, stressed or worried

孩子不需要我們完美無缺,只需要 我們夠好就行 •You may be preoccupied which can impact your ability to read your baby 當你在慢慢體會孩子的感覺,孩子也同時 在慢慢意識到你會願意幫助他們,甚至你 一走進入房間,他們便會停止哭泣!因為 孩子知道,你會幫助他們! 當你越來越了解你的孩子,他們也越來越 親近你,更願意得到你的幫助。 你也會經 歷一些改變,感到同孩子更為親近,更加 覺得自己是稱職的家長。

在你了解並給予孩子所需要的東西時,可 讓孩子感到與你一起是安全和受到尊重 的;當你在孩子感到不快時幫助他們,孩 子也會耐心地對待你和尊重你。 他們將會 開始控制自己的情緒,並向你尋求認同。 有些時候事情會出錯!這可能是很多方 面,例如:

•小孩可能脾氣很壞,發育遲緩或生病 •家長可能患病、太多壓力或擔心 •你可能因為太忙,影響了你理解孩子行 為的能力 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 67


WHAT TO DO WITH YOUR CHILD:

•Children need warm, sensitive caregiving routines in their lives as well as proper nutrition, shelter and lots of well directed praise •If tantrums and misbehavior persist, trained professionals can help. We all get angry at times and it is best to remove yourself! Spanking only teaches children that getting physical is okay to solve a problem and damages their self-esteem •People often ask:“What about the working parent? How can I build a good relationship with my child, when I’m away all day”? The quantity may not be there, but the quality can make up for this. Get down on the floor with your child for uninterrupted play time each day. Let them take the lead in play. Play is their way of communicating with you and makes them feel listened to, so they will also listen to you •We know warm, sensitive caregiving leads to strong attachment which leads to smart kids who follow home and society rules •As they get older, children need limits set gently but firmly. Sometimes children’s disappointments and tantrums can stop with distraction and humor. They can need a quiet time to calm down; in this way they learn to calm themselves, an important skill to have. Parents need to be consistent in their limits or a

child will persist. If you and another caregiver have different ideas, talk them out first or your child will be confused

如何對待你的孩子

•孩子需要溫暖而細心的照顧,有規律的 生活以及適當的營養、安全的家和許多 恰當的讚美 •如果孩子不停地發脾氣和行為不當,受 過專業訓練的人員可以幫助你。 我們 也有生氣的時候,但最好能自已克服, 而非打孩子來出氣,以免傳達一個可 以用暴力的錯誤訊息,更會損害孩子 的自尊心 •大家常常問: 「上班的家長該怎麼辦呢? 我整天不在家,如何與我的孩子建立良 好的關係呢? 」數量雖然達不到,但卻可 以質量來彌補。 每天同孩子在地板上專 心地玩一會兒,並讓他們在玩耍中作主 導。 玩耍是他們與你交流的方式,讓他 們感到你在傾聽,這樣他們也會仔細 聽你説話 •我們知道溫暖而細心的照顧,可建立強 而有力的聯繫,從而讓孩子更聰明,更 遵守家庭及社會的規範 •隨著孩子慢慢長大,需要溫柔但堅決地 對孩子實施某些限制措施。 有些時候, 你可以透過分散注意力或幽默等方法, 來停止孩子的失望情緒和脾氣,而他們 也可能需要一點時間冷靜下來,這樣一 來,孩子會學懂一項重要的技巧:如何 讓自己平靜下來。 家長所定下的限制必 須是始終如一的,否則孩子便會堅持 己見。 如果你與另一位照顧者的意見 不同,必須大家先商量好,以免讓孩子 感到混淆

p. 68 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Social & Emotional Development

健康社交和情緒發展

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

向誰求助:

•See your doctor or public health nurse if your feelings are interfering with your daily life. Feeling anxious or depressed can interfere with reading your baby’s cues and can affect your child’s development •If you are concerned about your child’s behaviour, contact the Richmond Early Childhood Mental Health Program located at the Richmond Hospital (604-278-9711, local 4055). This program sees children from 0 – 5 years with behaviour problems such as sleep disturbance, feeding problems, crying, acting out, anxious behaviours, sibling rivalry, difficulty bonding (biological child or post-adoption), tantrums, trauma, and much more! We see families from many cultures. We work with community partners such as your child’s school or daycare •Please call if you have a question. Referrals can be made through your doctor, nurse or other professionals

•如果你的感覺對自己的日常生活做成 影響,請約見醫生或公共衛生護士。 如 果你感到焦慮或抑鬱,將會影響您理 解孩子給你的提示,從而影響孩子的 身心發展 •如果你擔心孩子的行為,請聯絡設於 列治文醫院的列治文早期兒童心理健 康計劃(Richmond Early Childhood Mental Health Program) (604-2789711,內綫4055)。 該計劃的服務對象 是0-5歲有行為問題的兒童,例如睡眠 障礙、進食問題、哭鬧、動作異常、焦慮 行為、兄弟姊妹爭寵、難以融入(親生或 領養兒童)、脾氣暴躁、創傷等。 我們接 見不同文化的家庭,並與孩子的學校、 托兒所等各社區機構合作 •歡迎來電查詢,或透過你的醫生、護士 或其他專業人士轉介

Sometimes we need support to help us.

有時我們需要支持,來幫助我們自己。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 69


Active Children 活力兒童 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY - A FUN PART OF DAILY LIFE! 體能活動 - 日常生活中的有趣部分! Families who are active with their children every day will help their children develop healthy habits as they grow. Some of the benefits of daily activity during the first six years of life include: •Developing healthy brain functions and brain connections which help your child with coordination, balance, and motor skills needed for playing, moving, and learning •Building strong bones and muscles for greater flexibility and endurance •Healthy emotional development •Achieving a healthy body weight •Better sleep habits and ability to handle stressful situations •Meeting new friends •Enjoying active play and the confidence to try new sports at school and in the community

每天都與子女進行體能活動的家庭,將可 幫助子女在成長過程中養成健康的習慣。 小孩子由出生至六歲期間如能每天舒展 筋骨,將可獲益良多,包括﹕ •發展健康的腦部功能以及腦部與身體 各部分的聯繫,從而幫助你的孩子鍛煉 協調、平衡及肌肉運動的能力,以便他 們玩遊戲、走動和學習 •建立強壯的骨骼和肌肉,以提高身體的 靈活性和持久力 •培養健康的情緒 •保持健康的體重 •養成更好的睡眠習慣及解決難題的 能力 •認識新朋友 •享受體能活動,有信心在學校和社區嘗 試新的運動項目

p. 70 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


WITH YOUR BABY:

When babies are first born they develop physical connection and closeness with you as you participate with them in simple activities.

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Play face to face singing games like peek-a-boo where baby’s hands, arms and legs are in rhythmic movement while holding your baby or placing them in a variety of positions (back, tummy, sitting). Rhythmic movements help create healthy connections in your baby’s growing brain •Watch your baby, do they want more or less or is it time to stop? •Find opportunities for active play during daily routines such as bathing, feeding, diapering and playing •Join a walking group, baby yoga or other exercise class as part of an active routine with a partner or friend

與你的嬰兒一起:

•如果你在嬰兒初生時與他們一起做簡 單的活動,可與嬰兒建立身體聯繫和親 密關係。

你可以做什麼﹕

•一邊抱著嬰兒或給他們仰臥、趴著或坐 下,一邊與他們玩面對面的唱遊活動, 例如躲貓貓,讓嬰兒的雙手、手臂和腿 部有節奏地擺動。 嬰兒有節奏地活動四 肢,有助建立嬰兒發育中的腦部與身體 各部分的健康聯繫 •留意你的嬰兒,他們想玩多一些,少一 些,還是想停止了? •在每天日常的活動中,例如洗澡、餵哺、 換尿片和玩耍時,安排機會讓嬰兒玩體 能活動的遊戲 •與伴侶或朋友一起進行日常的體能活 動,例如參加步行小組、 嬰兒瑜伽或其 他運動班

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 71


HOW YOU CAN SUPPORT YOUR BABY’S GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT:

•Make a play space for them to move and reach for toys •Play with your baby on the floor •Avoid having your baby spend too much time in cribs, carriers and swings when they are awake

TODDLERS AND PRESCHOOLERS:

Young children are always moving! They love to run, jump, twist, reach, slide, turn and wriggle – not always at the most convenient times! Toddlers need at least 30 minutes of activity per day. Preschoolers need at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day. Your child will enjoy moderate activities such as walking, swimming, playing outside, skating, and bike riding and more vigorous activities such as running, climbing, dancing, etc.

如何幫助你的嬰兒發展大肌肉運動 的能力:

•安排一處讓他們可以走動和自行拿玩 具的遊戲區 •在地上與你的嬰兒玩耍 •當嬰兒不是睡覺時,避免讓他們太長時 間留在嬰兒牀、嬰兒籃和搖搖椅內

幼兒和學前兒童:

小朋友是坐立不定的!他們愛跑來跑去、 跳高跳低、轉身、伸手拿東西、滑上滑落、 翻身和扭來扭去 – 而且總是在最不方便 的時候動個不停!幼兒每日需要至少30分 鐘的活動時間,學前兒童則每天需要至少 60分鐘的體力活動。 你的子女會愛玩不大 激烈的活動,例如步行、游泳、戶外遊戲、 溜冰、騎單車,也會喜歡較激烈的活動,例 如跑步、攀爬、跳舞等。

p. 72 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Active Children

活力兒童

✓ TIP / 提示

Newborns are ready for Tummy Time! When awake, gently place your newborn on their tummy on the floor for a minute or two and gradually increase the time. 新生嬰兒已可開始「趴著的時間」!當你的新生嬰 兒睡醒時,輕輕地讓他們趴在地板上,為時一至 兩分鐘,然後慢慢加長時間。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 73


WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Walk with your child instead of taking the car. Take the stairs instead of the elevator •Give children simple instructions when they are learning new skills. For example,“put your hands together to catch the ball” •Play games such as changing directions where you would walk, run, stop and turn around •Encourage running in safe, open spaces. Children love tag and chasing games •Enjoy the many places in Richmond where you can play outdoors with your children •Check out the many places where you can enjoy active play indoors with your children on pages 106-111 •Continue active play after preschool or daycare •Use your child’s interests to develop active play. If your child loves trains, make a game using train actions and songs

•Practice throws and catches with a soft ball or bean bag. Each day you practice throwing, catching, kicking and jumping your child’ s skill will improve •Play balancing games to create quiet times or when space is small. Practice standing on one foot. Draw lines with paint or chalk for the child to walk along. Stretch and make shapes in the air •Practice hopping on each foot and then jumping off from both feet. Have your child bend at the knees when landing •Introduce children to water activities •Introduce your child to different riding toys-push car, tricycle, and eventually a small bike •Be a positive role model. Enjoy family walks, hikes, and bike rides. Your child learns the value of life-long activity if you stay active too

p. 74 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Active Children

活力兒童

你可以做什麼:

•不坐車,和你的小朋友一起步行;不乘 升降機,改用樓梯 •當小朋友學習新技能時,向他們發出 簡單的指示,例如: 「把雙手放在一起 接球」 •玩一些需要步行、跑步、停止和轉身的 遊戲,例如轉方向遊戲 •鼓勵他們在安全的戶外空間跑來跑去, 小孩子喜歡玩人捉人和追逐的遊戲! •好好享用列治文市內多處適合你和子 女一起玩耍的戶外遊樂點 •參閱第106-111頁適合你和子女一起進 行室內體能活動的多個地點 •幼兒班或托兒中心下課後,繼續與子女 進行體能活動 •因應你子女的興趣來安排體能活動,如 果你的小朋友喜歡火車,可以玩一個火 車動作和歌曲的遊戲 •練習投接壘球或豆袋的遊戲,天天和子 女練習投球、接球、踢球和跳躍,他們的 技術會愈來愈好 •如果想安靜下來或地方不夠大,可以玩 平衡遊戲。 練習一隻腳站立,或用顏料 或粉筆繪畫線條給小朋友沿線步行,也 可伸展身體,在空氣中做不同的形狀 •練習單腳跳,然後雙腳一齊跳下,提醒

他們落地時要彎膝 •讓小孩子嘗試水上活動 •讓子女試騎不同的玩具 - 推車、三輪車 以至小型單車 •以身作則做個好榜樣,享受全家人一起 步行、遠足和騎單車。 如果你經常運動, 你的子女也學習到終生運動的重要性

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

Every child develops physical skills at their own rate. If you have concerns about your child’s physical development contact: •Your family doctor •A public health nurse (604-2333150) •Infant Development Program (604–279-7059)

向誰求助

小孩子的體能發展速度各有不同,如果你 擔心你子女的體能發展,可聯絡﹕ •你的家庭醫生 •公共健康護士(604-233-3150) •幼兒發展服務計劃 (604-279-7059)

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 75


Safety Tips for Children 給孩子的安全提示 BEING SAFETY AWARE 你應該知道 More children in Canada die from injuries than from any kind of sickness!

The leading causes of injury in children are: •Falls •Choking •Burns •Poisoning •Car accidents

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

•Think of your child’s abilities and what new things they are learning. (How are they moving? How tall are they? What are they interested in?) Look at the world through your child’s eyes. Get down on the floor and see things from their viewpoint. Remember children are naturally curious, while adults view the world with caution •Go through your home room by room and look for safety hazards

在加拿大,因意外受傷而死亡的孩子數 目,比因任何一種疾病而死亡的孩子還 要多!

導致孩子受傷的主要原因包括: •摔倒 •窒息 •燒/燙傷 •中毒 •車禍

你可以做什麼

•想想孩子的能力及他們正在學習什麽 新東西(他們怎樣移動?身高多少?對什 麼感興趣? )。 從孩子的角度來看這個世 界,趴到地上用孩子的視角來看東西。 請記住,孩子是天生好奇的,成人必須 提高警惕來看這個世界 •查看家裏每一個的房間,找出任何安 全的隱患

p. 76 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


FALLS:

•Could your child fall down the stairs, out of their chair, off the bed? Could something fall on them if they pulled a cord, or reached up high? Could they crawl up to a ledge and fall out the window?

CHOKING:

•Could your child find or reach for items that are choking hazards? Can they reach for items such as coins, hard candy, or small toys? For children 3 years and under, avoid foods that are choking hazards such as raw carrots, grapes and popcorn. Check if items are too small by dropping them through a toilet paper roll. If they go through, they must be kept away from your young child

摔倒:

•你的孩子會摔下樓梯嗎,會從椅子掉下 嗎,會從床上摔下嗎?如果孩子拉動繩 子或爬向高處,會有東西會掉下來砸到 他們嗎?孩子能爬上窗台掉出窗外嗎

窒息:

•孩子能否找到或抓到有機會導致窒息 的物品嗎?他們會否拿到硬幣、硬糖果 或小玩具等類的東西嗎?3歲及3歲以下 的孩子,必須遠離有可能導致窒息的食 物,例如生胡蘿蔔、葡萄和爆米花。 將物 品掉進一個廁紙圓筒來檢查物品是否 太小,如果能夠通過,則一定不要讓你 的小朋友接觸到這些過小的物品

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 77


BURNS:

•Could your child burn themselves by reaching for hot liquids and pulling something off a stove, tipping your coffee mug or turning on a hot water tap that is set at too high a temperature? A safe household hot water temperature is 49°c (120°f). Smoke alarms must be installed on every floor. Check your smoke alarm batteries regularly. Put safety plugs in electrical outlets. Install a fire extinguisher

POISONING:

•Could your child get into cabinets where cleaning products or medicines are stored? Cleaning products can look like juice or pop to children and pills like candies. Install safety locks on cupboards; keep poisons such as medicines, cleaning products and fertilizers in locked cupboards. Remove poisonous plants from your house and garden

CAR ACCIDENTS:

•Could your child be at risk for injury in a car accident? All children under 9 years must be in an approved car seat for their size at all times. Ensure the straps are secured and fit snuggly and the seat is safely installed. Insist your child is always in a car seat, even in friends and grandparents’cars. Children who always ride in car seats learn to like them

燒/燙傷:

•你的孩子會否因下列情況而燒/燙傷: 伸手去拿熱的液體,從爐灶拉下東西, 打翻你的咖啡杯,或扭開水溫設定得 太高的熱水龍頭嗎?安全的家用熱水溫 度是49°C (120°F),每個樓層均須安裝 煙霧警報器,並定期檢查煙霧警報器的 電池,在電源插座上加上安全插頭,安 裝滅火器

中毒:

•孩子能否接觸到存放清潔用品或藥物 的櫃子嗎?對孩子來是,清潔用品看起 來像果汁或汽水,藥物就像是糖果。 在 櫃子安裝安全鎖,將有毒物品,例如藥 物、清潔用品和肥料鎖進櫃裏;有毒的 植物也必須從房子和花園拿走

車禍:

•你的孩子會否遇上車禍而受傷嗎?乘坐 汽車時,9歲以下的孩子任何時間均必 須坐在大小合適、認可的汽車安全座椅 上。 確保安全帶是扣好和合適的,安全 座椅是安裝妥當的。 即使是乘坐朋友或 祖父母的汽車,孩子也必須坐在汽車安 全座椅上。 乘車時經常坐在安全座椅上 的孩子,會學習到喜歡安全座椅的

p. 78 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Safety Tips for Children

給孩子的安全提示

✓ TIP / 提 示

Do a safety check of your home every 6 months to ensure it is safe for your child’s developmental stage.

每六個月在家中做一次安全檢查,以 確保家内各處對你孩子的發展階段 來説仍是安全的。 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 79


Children & Screen Time 兒童與面對屏幕時間 THE IMPACT OF SCREEN TIME 面對屏幕時間的影響 Television, movies, mobile devices and computers, also called screen time, may be a part of your child’s life. Studies show that too much screen time negatively impacts how children learn and behave. Research indicates that when children watch a lot of television they are more verbally and physically aggressive. They are also less creative and are not as strong at problem solving. Children learn best through real life experience: seeing, touching, hearing and smelling. They do not learn as well from screens because they can only hear and see them.

電視、電影、手提電子產品和電腦(這些稱 為面對屏幕時間)可能已成為你孩子生活 的一部分。 研究顯示,面對屏幕的時間太 長對孩子的學習和行為均有負面的影響。 調查發現,如果孩子看很多電視,他們在 語言及身體方面會較為侵略性,並會比較 缺乏創造力和解決問題的能力。 孩子從真實的生活體驗(看、摸、聽、嗅)學 習的效果是最好的,從屏幕學習的效果較 差,因為他們只能聽和看。

出生至24個月:

加拿大兒科協會(Canadian Pediatric Association)建議2歲以下兒童應避免有 面對屏幕的時間

BIRTH TO 24 MONTHS:

•The Canadian Pediatric Association recommends that children under the age of 2 years should avoid exposure to screen time p. 80 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


24 MONTHS TO 3 YEARS:

•Do screen time together: Talk about what you see and hear on the screen and connect those ideas to your child’s everyday experiences •Screen time no more than 30 – 60 minutes a day

ADVERTISING AIMED AT CHILDREN

•More than 80% of child advertising focuses on toys, cereal, candy and fast food •Young children are unable to tell the difference between a program and a commercial •Children see over 40,000 commercials per year •Corporations spend about $15 billion each year on advertising targeting children •The most common technique used in children’ s advertising is emotional manipulation

24個月至3歲:

•與子女一起面對屏幕:談談從屏幕上看 到和聽見的東西,並將它們和子女的日 常生活體驗結合起來 •面對屏幕的時間每天不超過30-60分鐘

以兒童為宣傳對象的廣告

•80%以上的兒童廣告集中宣傳玩具、穀 類食品、糖果及快餐 •幼兒並不知道節目與廣告之間的分別 •兒童每年觀看超過四萬個廣告 •公司每年花費約150億元推出以兒童 為宣傳對象的廣告 •兒童廣告中最常用的技倆是操控他們 的情緒

✓ TIP

The best way for your child to learn and play is with you. 與你一起是你的子女學習和玩 耍之最佳途徑。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 81


3 TO 5 YEARS:

•Choose shows or screen time that get children moving and provide fun through music and stories •Talk to your child about what they see on screens •Have specific times when screen time is not allowed on •Choose shows and screen time content carefully: Content should be slower-paced, at your child’s age level, with positive messages about everyday themes •Be aware of media products advertised to children •Screen time no more than 1 – 2 hours a day

WHAT YOU CAN DO AS A PARENT: •Set a good example by spending your free time with your family reading, exercising, playing sports or listening to music •Parents and caregivers sometimes need a break. It’s okay for your child to have quiet time in a screen free place

3至5歲:

•選擇適當的節目或面對屏幕的時間, 讓孩子通過音樂和故事得到更多的運 動和樂趣 •跟孩子談談他們從屏幕上看到什麽 東西 •定下在某段時間内不准面對屏幕 •小心選擇節目及面對屏幕的内容:内容 必須是節奏較慢的、適合你孩子的年齡 水平,並對日常的事物傳送正面的訊息 •小心那些以兒童為宣傳對象的媒介 產品 •面對屏幕的時間每天不超過1 -2小時

家長可以做什麼:

•為孩子樹立好榜樣,利用空閒時間與 家人一起閱讀、做運動、參加體育活動 或聽音樂 •家長和照顧者有時也需要休息,在沒有 屏幕的地方讓你的子女靜靜地待一會 兒是可以的

p. 82 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Children & Screen Time

兒童與面對屏幕時間

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 83


Child Care 尋找優質托兒服務 WHAT TO LOOK FOR: 你需要尋找的: Selecting a child care facility for your child is one of the most important decisions your family will make. There are many factors to consider when choosing the right program for your child and your family. WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

•While safety and quality of care are high on every family’s list of priorities, your family also has unique needs that you need to consider in choosing child care, including: • Convenient location from work and/ or home • Hours of operation • Cost • Flexibility of hours (full-time or part time)

為你的孩子選擇一個優質托兒服 務,將是你們家一項最重要的決 定。 在選擇時,要考慮許多你和你 的孩子需求。 你應知道:

•每一個家庭對於安全和優質托兒服務 都放在高位,你的家庭在選擇托兒服 務,亦有特別需求,包括: • 離上班地點和/或家的位置是否方便 • 開放的時間 • 費用 • 時間是否靈活有彈性(全天或部分 時間)

p. 84 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


•Your child’s learning style, interests and personality should be considered when choosing child care as the type of program offered (playbased, Montessori, Reggio Emilia or specialty, such as French or sportsbased) may enhance – or hinder – your child’s development and love of learning •Quality child care is in demand! Do not leave your search for child care until the last minute. Many families start their child care search early and put their names on waiting lists as soon as they find out they are expecting a baby. Waiting lists are often more than a year long for licensed programs for 3 – 5 year olds – and even longer for infants and toddlers •Trust your instincts – if you feel the child care centre you are considering is a good fit for your child – it probably is

•孩子的學習風格、興趣及性格,也應作 為優質托兒服務選擇考慮的因素。 每 個優質托兒服務,提供的教育方案會 有不同(有玩耍型的,Montessori型 的,Reggio Emilia方法的,或特別的 如基於法語或基於體育的) ,這可能會 增強或妨礙你孩子發展和學習的熱情 •優質托兒服務的需求很高!不要等到最 後一刻,才去尋找托兒服務。 很多家庭 早早在準備要孩子的時候,就開始查找 優質托兒服務,並把自己的名字登入候 選名單之上。 對於3-5歲的持牌的托兒 機構,候選名單往往需要一年多,而嬰 兒和學步兒童的等候時間往往更長 •相信你的直覺 - 如果你覺得這個優質 托兒服務正好適合你的孩子,那它就 可能是的

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 85


WHEN AND WHERE TO ASK FOR HELP Do you need help finding child care?

•Richmond Child Care Resource and Referral Centre offers a free, multilingual referral service to child care programs that match your needs as well as information on choosing the best care for your child. Staff are often aware of child care programs that may have spaces and can assist with applying for child care subsidy. You can find a list of child care facilities and providers on their website: https://www.rcrg.org •Call (604) 279-7020, drop by the CCRR office or email childcare@ rcrg.ca for more information •The BC Child Care Map provides a searchable map of all licensed child care programs in the province. You can locate and compare programs and facilities close to your home or work. The map also shows which sites have vacancies. For a link to the map and more information on finding childcare and the different types of care available visit childcare.gov.bc.ca •And be sure to talk to other parents – word-of-mouth is sometimes the best way to find a child care program that will work for you

何時及向哪裏求助

你是否需要幫忙尋找托兒服務 ?

•列治文托兒資源及轉介中心(Richmond Child Care Resource and Referral Centre)提供免費、多語言的 轉介服務,為你介紹如何以你的需要, 選擇最好的托兒服務。 工作人員也知道 哪一家托兒中心可能會有空缺,更可助 你申請托兒津貼。 歡迎登入他們的網 站: https://www.rcrg.org,瀏覽托兒服 務中心的名單。 •如有查詢,歡迎致電(604) 279-7020, 或蒞臨列治文托兒資源及轉介中心的 辦事處查詢,也可發送電郵到childcare@rcrg.ca 。 •卑詩托兒服務地圖(BC Child Care Map)方便你搜索卑詩省内全部領有牌 照的托兒服務中心,你可以找到家居 或上班地點附近有哪些托兒服務中心 給你選擇和比較。 該地圖也顯示哪些 中心會有空缺。 請登入childcare.gov. bc.ca,便可連接至該地圖,以及瀏覽有 關尋找托兒服務的其他資訊,以及可供 選擇的各種托兒服務。 •請同其他父母談談,選擇口碑好的托兒 服務,往往是找到最適合你的托兒服務 的辦法!

p. 86 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Child Care

尋找優質托兒服務 Are you concerned about your family’s ability to pay for child care? BC Affordable Child Care Benefit

•The Affordable Child Care Benefit was introduced in September 2018. The funding is intended to help families with the cost of child care, depending on factors like family size, type of care and houshold income. There is the potential of additional funding for families with children who have a designated special need and require extra support. For more information on eligibility and how to apply, call 1-888-338-6622 or visit childcare.gov.bc.ca

Does your child require extra support at their child care facility?

•The Supported Child Development Program at the Richmond Society for Community Living assists child care facilities with providing quality care for children with extra support needs. Staff work in partnership with families and the child care team to develop strategies and a support plan for your child. Contact 604-279-7016 for more information

你是否擔心你家庭支付 托兒服務的能力?

卑詩省可負擔托兒福利計劃

•這項可負擔托兒福利計劃(The Affordable Child Care Benefit)是於2018年 9月開始實施的,有關撥款旨在幫助家 庭支付托兒的費用,而考慮的因素包括 家庭人數、托兒類別和家庭收入。 此外, 如果家庭内有特定需要並須額外支援 的兒童,還有可能獲得額外的撥款。 申 請資格及申請手續,請致電1-888-3386622或瀏覽childcare.gov.bc.ca

你孩子在托兒中心是否 需要額外的支持?

•列治文社區生活協會(Richmond Society for Community Living)輔 助兒童發展計劃(Supported Child Development Program)幫助托兒中 心提供良好的服務予有特殊需要的兒 童。 相關工作人員將與家庭和托兒工作 者,建立夥伴關係,為孩子的成長擬定 方案和支持計劃。 查詢更多訊息請致電 604-279-7016。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 87


Starting Kindergarten 入讀幼稚園

STARTING KINDERGARTEN IS AN EXCITING TIME FOR YOU AND YOUR CHILD 對你和你的子女來說,開始上幼 稚園是一個興奮的時刻 Children start kindergarten in the year they turn five. We know young children learn best when they feel safe and secure. You can help by doing lots of fun and engaging activities with your child. Play is the way young children learn best.

子女年滿五歲那一年,便可入讀 幼稚園。 我們知道小孩子感到安 全穩健時,才能好好地學習。 和子 女一起玩許多開心有趣的活動, 可以幫助他們學習,因為小孩子 從遊戲中學習是最好的。

p. 88 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


WHAT YOU CAN DO:

•Before the school year begins, book a check up for your child with your family doctor, dentist, and optometrist •Make time to play together •Continue to talk to your child in your home language(s) •Talk together while you go about doing daily chores •Count anything and everything- fingers, toes, stairs, toys •Read magazines, nursery rhymes, counting, alphabet, factual and picture books •Visit the library, community centre, Family Place or StrongStart •Draw pictures together using crayons, markers, or chalk •Go outside and enjoy nature, rain or shine •Provide time to run, jump, skip, throw and catch balls, ride bikes, swim, sing, dance, skate, climb, swing, and more to promote fitness and fun

你可以做什麼:

•學期開始之前,為你的子女約見家庭醫生、 牙醫和視光師檢查身體 •安排時間一起玩遊戲 •繼續以你家中使用的語言來與子女交談 •一邊處理日常事務,一邊和你的子女交談 •數手指、數腳趾、數樓梯、數玩具...無論是什 麼,都可以和子女一起數 •看雜誌、唱兒歌、點算數目、讀字母、閱讀知 識書本和圖畫書 •去圖書館、社區中心、Family Place或 StrongStart遊戲小組 •用蠟筆、粗頭筆或粉筆一起繪畫圖畫 •無論下雨還是晴天,都可以出外享受大自然 •安排時間讓子女去跑步、跳高、跳繩、擲球、 接球、騎單車、游泳、唱歌、跳舞、溜冰、攀 爬、蕩鞦韆等各式各樣的活動,既可鍛練體 魄,也可舒展身心

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 89


WHAT YOUR CHILD CAN DO:

Children at this age are becoming more independent and learning how to be responsible. Most children can:

•Dress by themselves, but may need help with zippers •Use the washroom by themselves and wash their hands using soap and warm water •Brush or comb their hair •Put their toys away •Help with family chores such as setting the table or making the bed •Help get their snack and lunch ready •Hang up their coat and backpack by themselves

HEALTHY ROUTINES:

When your child begins Kindergarten, everyone in the family can help make sure the transition from home to school goes smoothly. These suggested tips are to help you and your child develop routines and healthy habits.

•Establish a regular bedtime routine that includes lots of cuddles and story time. Children need 8 to 10 hours of sleep •Have a snack, lunch and the next day’s clothes ready the night before •Talk about your child’s day at school during family meals •Teach your child to obey safety rules for car travel (use booster seat), sports (wear helmet) and walking (obey road signs and use crosswalks)

你的子女可以做什麼:

這個年齡的兒童愈來愈獨立,並學習如何 承擔責任。 大部分的小孩子可以﹕ •自己穿衣,但可能需要別人幫忙弄拉鏈 •自己去洗手間,懂得用肥皂和暖水來 洗手 •自己梳理頭髮 •擺放好自己的玩具 •幫助做家務,例如擺放碗筷開飯或整 理床鋪 •幫手準備好自己的點心和午餐 •掛好自己的外套和背囊

健康的生活規律:

當你的子女開始上幼稚園,每一位家人均 可幫助他們順利地從家庭過渡到學校。 下 列這些提示,有助你和你的子女建立日常 生活規律,培養良好習慣。 •設定一個慣常的上牀睡覺程序表,包括 很多擁抱和說故事的時間。 小孩子需要 睡八至十小時 •早一晚準備好明天需要的點心、午餐 和衣服 •全家人一起吃飯時和子女談談他們在 學校的情況 •教導子女遵守各項安全規例,包括坐車 外出時必須使用兒童加高安全椅、做運 動時必須配戴頭盔、步行時必須遵守道 路標誌及使用行人過路處

p. 90 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Starting Kindergarten

尋找優質托兒服務

BEFORE KINDERGARTEN STARTS: Your child will be excited and may be a bit anxious in the few weeks leading up to Kindergarten. The following suggestions will help make this transition more successful.

•Visit the school playground and park; walk around the school and find the Kindergarten classroom •Attend your child’s Kindergarten orientation •Try to arrange play dates with other children •Choose a backpack that is large enough to hold a lunch, but small enough to fit comfortably on your child’s back •Choose shoes that your child can do up by themselves •Rubber soled shoes are worn in the gym •Label all your child’s belongings with their name •A few days before school starts, begin practicing your school routine by getting up early, eating breakfast, and getting dressed •Let your child know who will be taking them to school and who will be picking them up. Be on time •Let the school know if your child has any medical conditions including food allergies •Be enthusiastic about school and keep your comments general •Your child may be tired after attending kindergarten. It takes time to

adjust to a new routine; your child may need a nap or quiet time after school

幼稚園開學之前:

幼稚園開學前的數個星期,你的小孩子 會興奮不已或甚至有點兒緊張。 下列這 些建議,有助你的子女更成功地渡過這 個階段。

•參觀學校的操場和花園,圍繞學校走一 圈,尋找幼稚園的課室 •出席子女入讀幼稚園舉辦的迎新日 •嘗試安排遊戲日,讓子女與其他小朋 友一起玩 •選購一個大小適中的背囊,既有足夠空 間放置午餐盒,也須適合孩子背部的大 小,孩子才會背得舒服 •選購一對子女自己懂得穿上和除下的 鞋子 •在體育館內需穿上膠底鞋 •為子女的全部物品加上寫有他們姓名 的標貼 •開學前的數天,開始練習上學時的生活 規律,早些起牀,然後吃早餐和穿衣服 •告訴子女誰人接送他們上學放學,必須 準時接送 •如果子女有任何健康問題,包括對食物 過敏,必須通知校方 •熱心支持學校,並只作概括性的評論 •你的孩子上了幼稚園,下課時可能感 到疲倦。 他們需要時間去適應新的生 活規律,放學後可能要小睡或靜靜地休 息一會兒

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 91


KINDERGARTEN INFORMATION:

All Richmond schools offer full-day Kindergarten. Children who turn 5 on or before December 31st are eligible to enter Kindergarten. Registration begins in January.

Proof of age, citizenship, and residency are required. For more information regarding registration, please refer to the Richmond School District website: www.sd38.bc.ca

WILL YOUR CHILD REQUIRE EXTRA SUPPORT IN KINDERGARTEN?

In Richmond all children can attend Kindergarten. If your child requires additional medical assistance or extra support in school, please call a public health nurse for a referral to support services. It is important to do this early to ensure a successful transition into Kindergarten.

幼稚園資料需知:

列治文市內所有學校均提供全日制的幼 稚園課程。 凡於12月31日或之前年滿五 歲的小朋友均可入讀,家長可於一月起為 子女報名入學 辦理報名手續時,必須帶同證明子女的年 齡、公民身份和居住權的文件。 有關報名 入學的其他資料,歡迎瀏覽列治文校區的 網站﹕www.sd38.bc.ca

你的子女就讀幼稚園時 是否需要額外支援?

列治文市內全部小孩子均可入讀幼稚園, 如果你的子女在學校需要額外的醫療輔 助或其他支援,請致電公共健康護士以轉 介至支援服務。 你必須及早作出這項安 排,以確保子女順利入讀幼稚園。 公共健康護士的聯絡電話為 604-2333150,你也可致電604-279-7016查詢有 關輔助兒童發展計劃的資料。

Call 604-233-3150 to speak to a public health nurse or call 604-279-7016 for more information about the Supported Child Development Program.

p. 92 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Starting Kindergarten

尋找優質托兒服務

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 93


Taking Care of Yourself 照顧好你自己

p. 94 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


YOU ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON IN YOUR CHILD’ S LIFE 你是孩子生命中最重要的人 •You need to take care of yourself in order to be able to best care for your child •As a parent you may get stressed, tired or lonely. Ask for help because parenting is far too important a job to do alone - support from family, friends, neighbours and community programs can help •Children learn what they live so it is important to take care of yourself and set a good example •It is important that you regularly take time for yourself - you are a better person if you take care of yourself •Time alone with your partner is also important - it may take a lot of planning but it is well worth it – the cost of dinner and a movie is cheaper than an hour of relationship counselling •Raising a child is a big job – everybody needs help from time to time

•你需要照顧好自己,這樣才能更好地照 顧好孩子 •作為家長,你也許會倍感壓力,疲累或 孤獨無援。 請尋求幫助,因為撫育子女 絕不是單獨一人能做的重要工作 – 家 庭、朋友和鄰居的支援,以及多項社區 服務均可幫忙 •孩子從他們生活環境中學習,所以照 顧好你自己和建立一個好榜樣,是很 重要的 •你需要經常給自已一點時間,這是非常 重要 - 照顧好自己,你就是更好的人 •花點時間陪陪你的配偶也很重要的 這可能花很長時間來計劃,但確實值 得 - 晚餐和一場電影的費用,比一小時 的婚姻輔導要便宜得多 •撫養子女是一項龐大的工作 - 每個人 不時均需要幫助

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 95


WHAT YOU CAN DO:

你能做什麼:

•Put your feet up for 5 minutes and drink a cup of tea •Take a long bath •Exercise regularly •Eat healthy •Ask a family member or friend to watch your child and go for a walk on your own •Listen to music •Learn how to deep breathe to help calm yourself •Keep up with hobbies and personal interests

•健康飲食 •請家人或朋友看護你的孩子,自已出 去散散步 •聽音樂 •學習如何深呼吸,幫助自己冷靜 •保持愛好和個人興趣

Many parents get support from talking 很多家長可以通過與其他的家長交談得 to other parents. There are places in 到支持。 在列治文有一些地方你可以遇到 Richmond where you can meet other 其他家長,包括無需預約給家長與子女參 parents – including parent-child drop加的活動、親子工作坊、圖書館活動、公 in programs, parenting workshops, 園、遊樂場及你所屬的宗教團體。 一些活 library programs, parks, playgrounds 動甚至提供免費的看護幼兒服務。 請參閲 and your faith community. Some pro本小冊子第106頁 起的列治文計劃和服務 grams even offer free childminding. (Richmond Programs and Services) Look in the Parenting and Learning 内親子教育、學習、玩耍部分(Parenting and Play sections of the Richmond and Learning and Play sections)。歡迎 Programs and Services section start登入RichmondKids.ca,瀏覽活動日程 ing on page 106 of this booklet. Visit 表,以及專為有幼童的家庭而設的服務 RichmondKids,ca to see a calendar 和活動。 of events, programs and activities for 每天給自已騰出一點時間,可以是短短的 families with young children. 休息或是有計劃的活動。 甚至只要幾分 Make time for yourself during the day. 鐘,也可以幫助你放鬆,自我感覺更好。 From minute vacations to planned •抬起腳5分鐘,喝上一杯茶 activities, even a few minutes can help •洗個長時間的澡 you relax and feel better about yourself. •定時運動

p. 96 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Taking Care of Yourself

照顧好你自己

WHEN TO ASK FOR HELP:

•When you are stressed, tired or lonely •When you are dealing with anger, domestic violence or post partum depression or anxiety

WHO TO ASK FOR HELP:

•There are people who will listen and help you for free. Get more information in the Richmond Programs and Services section starting on page 58 of this booklet

何時尋求幫助:

•當你感到壓力很大,很累或者很孤獨時 •當你面對憤怒、家庭暴力或產後抑鬱 或焦慮時

向誰求助:

•有些人會願意傾聽,免費幫助你,詳情 請參閲本小冊子第58頁起的列治文計 劃和服務(Richmond Programs and Services)内的資料。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 97


Child Care

BC Child Care Map

Online, searchable map of liscenced child care facilities within BC. Child care providers are responsible for updating their vacancies and other information each month. Child Care Service Centre 1-888-338-6622 childcare.gov.bc.ca

The Affordable Child Care Benefit was introduced in September 2018. The funding is intended to help families with the cost of child care, depending on factors like family size, type of care and houshold income. There is the potential of additional funding for families with children who have a designated special need and require extra support.

Community Care Facilities Licensing

Vancouver Coastal Health Health Protection 604-233-3147 www.richmondhealth.com

Licenses and monitors childcare programs to ensure compliance with the Child Care Licensing Regulation. Provides information and consultation to individuals interested in opening licensed child care facilities. Offers education and information to the public and childcare community on early child development, care and education, community development and environments for children. Responds to complaints and questions regarding childcare programs in licensed childcare facilities and investigates programs operating without an approved Community Care Facilities License.

p. 98 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services 列治文計劃和服務 幼兒護理

卑詩托兒服務地圖

方便大家上網搜尋卑詩省内領有牌照的 托兒服務中心。 托兒服務工作者必須按 月自行更新所屬中心的空缺及其他相關 資料。 卑詩省托兒津貼服務中心 1-888-338-6622 childcare.gov.bc.ca

這項可負擔托兒福利計劃(The Affordable Child Care Benefit)是於2018年9 月開始實施的,有關撥款旨在幫助家庭支 付托兒的費用,而考慮的因素包括家庭人 數、托兒類別和家庭收入。 此外,如果家庭 内有特定需要並須額外支援的兒童,還有 可能獲得額外的撥款。

社區護理設施牌照部

溫哥華沿岸衛生局 健康保護(Health Protection) 604-233-3147 www.richmondhealth.com

簽發牌照及監察托兒服務,以確保其遵守 托兒牌照的規則。 為有興趣開辦領有牌照 托兒中心的人士, 提供資料和諮詢服務。 為公眾人士和托兒服務工作者提供教育 和資訊,内容包括早期幼童發展、護理和 教育、兒童社區發展和環境。 市民如對領 牌托兒中心的托兒服務有任何投訴和問 題,部門也需回應;如有機構未領有認可 的社區護理牌照而提供托兒服務,部門 也會調查。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 99


Maternal & Child Health

VCH - Richmond Public Health

For more information or contact the following service centers. Pregnancy, Infant and Child Health Services 604-233-3150 Richmond Child Care Resource and Referral Centre

Richmond Cares, Richmond Gives 190 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7020 www.rcrg.org

Offers services to families and child care providers. For families: A free bilingual service of referrals to child care centres and assistance in choosing the best child care options, as well as information about community services, parenting information and resources. Parents can also pick up Child Care Subsidy application forms here. For child care providers: services include parent referrals, consultation, training, support visits and resources and equipment for loan. See website for additional services. Office hours: Mon, Wed, Thurs, Fri: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm; Tue: 9:00 am - 8:00 pm. Please call for Saturday hours.

Services may include

•Information about pregnancy, growth and development, parenting, immunizations, breastfeeding and nutrition •Immunizations •Home visits •Child Health Clinics •Kindergarten vision screening •Baby Days (Parent program for parents with babies under 8 months) in English, Cantonese and Mandarin Audiology Program 604-233-3188

Services may include:

•Hearing screening or assessment programs for newborn, preschool and school-age children •Hearing aid fittings •Client and family education •Consultation with other service provider

p. 100 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

列治文托兒資源及轉介中心

Richmond Cares, Richmond Gives 190 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7020 www.rcrg.org

為家庭和托兒服務工作者提供服務。 為家 庭提供的服務:提供免費、雙語的托兒中 心轉介服務,協助選擇最佳的幼兒托管方 法,提供社區服務的資訊,親子教育的資 訊和資源。 父母也可在此索取托兒津貼的 申請表格。 為托兒服務工作者提供的服 務:包括家長轉介、諮詢、培訓、支援性的 探訪及可供借用的資源和設備。 有關其他 服務的資料,請瀏覽該機構的網站。 辦公 時間:星期一、三、四、五:上午9時至下午5 時;星期二:上午9時至晚上8時。 歡迎致電 查詢星期六的辦公時間。

母親及兒童的健康

溫哥華沿岸衛生局 - 列治文公共衛生局

歡迎向下列各服務中心查詢詳細資料。 懷孕、嬰兒和兒童健康服務 604-233-3150 服務包括:

•關於懷孕、成長和發展、育兒、疫苗、餵 哺母乳和營養的訊息 •免費接種疫苗 •家訪 •兒童健康診所 •幼稚園的視力檢查 •以英語、 粵語和國語進行的嬰兒日(為育 有8個月以下的家長而設的家長活動) 聽力計劃

604-233-3188 服務包括:

•新生兒、學齡前和學齡期兒童的聽力測 試或評估服務 •助聽器配件 •服務對象和家庭教育 •諮詢其他服務供應商 •社區教育和公眾認知

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 101


Community Education & Awareness

Breastfeeding Clinic

604-233-3150 (Call for appointment).

Milk Bank Depot - Approved donors can drop off frozen donor milk at Richmond Public Health Monday to Friday 8:30 - 4:30pm - please call ahead (604) 233-3150 Dental Program 604-233-3216

Provides dental screening and fluoride varnish for children ages 10 months - 5 years who do not have a dentist for regular care. Call for appointment. Nutrition Program 604-233-3150

Services may include:

•Assess community nutrition needs •Consult with community members and professionals •Provide nutrition information and promote healthy eating Speech & Language Program 604-233-3228

Services may include:

•Initial consultation •Full speech-language assessment

•Therapy, group or individual •Parent education •Preschool/daycare consultation •Community education & awareness Vancouver Coastal Health Parenting Site Parenting.vch.ca

Information and parenting resources for pregnancy and parenting young children aged 0-5 HealthyFamilies BC

www.healthyfamiliesbc.ca

A one-stop online resources for health and wellness information. Offers the most up-to-date information and practical tips for protecting your family’s health and well-being Richmond Early Childhood Mental Health Program 604-278-9711 ext. 4055

Serves children 0 to 5 years of age and their families to promote children’s’ mental health and to treat behaviour problems. Examples of behaviour problems include (but are not limited to): feeding, sleeping, crying, aggression, anxiety, not listening, potty training, adjustment to adoption, etc. Community partners can help with referrals.

p. 102 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

社區教育及意識

餵哺母乳診所

604-233-3150 (歡迎來電預約)

母乳捐贈庫(Milk Bank Depot)- 經認 可的捐贈者可於星期一至五,每日上午 8時半至下午4時半,把冷凍的母乳交到 列治文公共衛生局(Richmond Public Health)- 敬請提前致電604-233-3150 牙科計劃

604-233-3216

為10個月到5歲大、沒有牙醫為其定期檢 查牙齒的兒童,提供牙科檢查和氟化物塗 膜的服務。 歡迎來電預約。 營養計劃

•604-233-3150 •服務包括: •評估個人或社區營養需要 •諮詢社區成員和專業人士 •提供營養的資訊及推廣健康飲食

溫哥華沿岸衛生局的育兒網站 Parenting.vch.ca

提供有關懷孕及養育0-5歲幼兒的資訊和 育兒資源 卑詩健康家庭

www.healthyfamiliesbc.ca

這是一個有關衛生和身心健康資訊的一 站式網上資源,提供最新的資料和實用提 示,以保障你家人的衛生和身心健康 列治文市早期兒童心理健康計劃 604-278-9711 内線 4055

為0-5歲的幼童以及他們的家庭服務,致 力推廣兒童心理健康和治療行為問題。 行 為問題的例子包括(但不局限於):進食、 睡覺、哭鬧、具有攻擊性、焦慮不安、不聽 話、如廁訓練、適應被人收養等。 其他社區 機構可協助轉介個案。

説話和語言計劃 604-233-3228 服務包括:

•初步諮詢 •整體說話及語言評估 •小組或個人的治療 •家長的教育 •學齡前/日托諮詢 •社區教育和公眾認知

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 103


Prenatal Classes

Douglas College 604-527-5472 to register for English SUCCESS 604-279-7180 to register for Cantonese and Mandarin Prenatal classes are taught by experienced professionals at Richmond Hospital. Classes offered in English, Cantonese and Mandarin. Healthiest Babies Possible 604-675-3982

Prenatal outreach program offers free and confidential services for pregnant women in Richmond. The program offers expectant moms and their families nutrition & prenatal lifestyle counseling, opportunities to meet other expectant mothers, prenatal vitamins, breastfeeding information, food coupons, labour delivery information, education about smoking, alcohol or drug concerns and community referrals. Includes support for pregnant youth. La Leche League www.lllc.ca

Encourages, promotes and provides mother-to-mother breast-feeding support and educational opportunities through local groups.

Pacific Post Partum Support Society 604-255-7999 www.postpartum.org

Offers a self-help program and support to women experiencing postpartum depression or anxiety after childbirth. The program involves telephone counseling and weekly support group RichmondKids.ca

Online home of the Richmond Early Years Centre, including an events calendar with programs and activities happening in the community, a directory of Richmond programs and services, and a blog for early years and parenting tips, information and activities.

p. 104 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

產前教育班

Douglas College 604-527-5472 登記英 語班 中僑互助會 604-279-7180 登記粵語和 國語班

由有經驗的專業人士在列治文醫院進行產 前教育班,課程以英語、 粵語及國語教授。 最健康嬰兒

604-675-3982

產前外展計劃為列治文的懷孕婦女提供 免費及保密的服務。 該計劃給準媽媽及其 家人有關營養和產前生活方式的輔導,安 排與其他準媽媽交流的機會,提供產前維 生素、餵哺母乳的訊息、食品券、分娩及陣 痛的資訊,以及關於吸煙的教育,飲酒或 吸毒的問題和社區轉介,也給予年輕孕婦 所需之援助。

太平洋產後援助協會 604-255-7999

www.postpartum.org

對分娩後出現產後抑鬱和焦慮的婦女提 供自助計劃及支援。 該計劃設有電話諮詢 和每週支援小組。 RichmondKids.ca

列治文早期兒童發展中心(Richmond Early Years Centre)的網上資訊站,内容 包括一個活動日程表,羅列社區内現正舉 行的服務和活動、列市各項服務和活動指 南、以及早期兒童發展和育兒心得、質訊 和活動的網誌。

La Leche League www.lllc.ca

透過區内小組,鼓勵和推廣母親們就餵哺 母乳而互相支持及教育服務。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 105


Learning & Play

Richmond Family Place

Richmond Parks and Recreation

Cambie Community Centre

604-238-8399

City Centre Community Centre 604-204-8588 Lang Community Centre

604-233-8910

Hamilton Community Centre

604-718-8055

Sea Island Community Centre 604-238-8000 South Arm Community Centre 604-238-8060 Steveston Community Centre 604-238-8080 Thompson Community Centre 604-238-8422 West Richmond Community Centre

604-238-8400

Watermania

604-448-5353

Minoru Aquatic Centre

604-238-8020

Minoru Arena

604-238-8465

Richmond Ice Centre

604-448-5366

Information on all programs offered at local recreation centres can be found at www.richmond.ca or pick up a copy of the Recreation and Culture Guide at libraries or community centres.

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Drop-in programs provide a welcoming environment for all young children from babies up to kindergarten age with their parents or caregivers. Play, sing, make new friends and find out about community programs. Drop-in programs offered throughout Richmond. Also offers parent and infant drop-in, dads and kids drop-in. Ready Set Learn

Richmond School District 604-668-6000 www.sd38.bc.ca

Families and their three year olds attending Ready Set Learn events at local elementary schools receive information about school readiness and community resources. Call the school district for dates and times.

p. 106 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

學習和玩耍

Richmond Family Place

列治文公園及康樂部 Cambie 社區中心

604-238-8399

Lang 社區中心

604-233-8910

City Centre 社區中心 Hamilton 社區中心

Sea Island社區中心

South Arm社區中心 Steveston社區中心

Thompson社區中心

604-204-8588 604-718-8055 604-238-8000 604-238-8060 604-238-8080 604-238-8422

West Richmond 社區中心 604-238-8400 Watermania游泳池

Minoru Aquatic Centre 游泳池 Minoru Arena溜冰場

Richmond Ice Centre溜 冰場

604-448-5353 604-238-8020 604-238-8465 604-448-5366

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Drop-in programs(隨時可參加的活動) 為從嬰兒到幼稚園年齡的所有孩子及其 家長或照顧者提供一個歡樂怡人的環境。 玩耍、唱歌、結交新朋友和了解有關社區 計劃的資訊。 Richmond Family Place在 全市各處舉辦這些活動,並設有家長和嬰 兒的Drop-in活動,父親和子女的Drop-in 活動。 學習準備

列治文學校區 604-668-6000 www.sd38.bc.ca

凡參加區内小學的學習準備活動之家庭 和三歲的孩子,均可收到有關準備入學和 社區資源的資料。 請致電學校局查詢日期 和時間。

有關各社區中心所提供的全部活動之資 料,請瀏覽www.richmond.ca,也可到圖 書館及社區中心索閲一本康樂及文化指南 (Recreation and Culture Guide) Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 107


Richmond Public Library /

Brighouse (Main) Branch Ironwood Branch Steveston Cambie Branch

www.yourlibrary.ca

604-231-6412 604-231-6468 604-274-2012 604-273-2223

Offers free babytimes, storytimes, puppet shows, Reading Buddies and other drop-in programs at all branches. Also has a theme box and toy lending library. Check website for programs or visit a local library for details. StrongStart Centres

Free drop-in early learning programs for preschool-aged children attending with their parents or caregivers. Includes play-based activities, story time, music and snack. Families can find out about early learning and connect with other families. Visit www. sd38.bc.ca or richmondkids.ca for program times and more information. Mitchell StrongStart 12091 Cambie Road 604-295-6431 Grauer StrongStart 4440 Blundell Road 604-295-6429

Thompson StrongStart 6211 Forsythe Crescent 604-295-6428 Errington StrongStart 9831 Herbert Road 604-295-8046​

Woodward StrongStart 10300 Seacote Road 604-295-6432 p. 108 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

StrongStart中心

一項讓學前兒童與家長或照顧者一起參 加的免費drop-in早期學習計劃,包括以 遊戲為本的活動、故事時間、音樂和點 心。 家長可從中了解早期學習的資料,並 與其他家庭交流。 歡迎瀏覽 www.sd38. bc.ca,以了解活動的時間及其他資訊。 Mitchell StrongStart中心 12091 Cambie Road 604-295-6431 Grauer StrongStart中心 4440 Blundell Road 604-295-6429

Woodward StrongStart中心 10300 Seacote Road 604-295-6432 Thompson StrongStart中心 6211 Forsythe Crescent 604-295-6428 列治文市公共圖書館 Brighouse 總圖書館 Ironwood 分館

Steveston 分館 Cambie 分館

www.yourlibrary.ca

604-231-6412 604-231-6468 604-274-2012 604-273-2223

Errington StrongStart中心 9831 Herbert Road 604-295-8046

各分館均提供免費的嬰兒時間、故事時 間、木偶戲、讀友話動及其他Drop-in活 動。 還有一個可租借主題活動箱和玩具的 圖書館,詳情請瀏覽網站或向區内各圖書 館查詢。 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 109


Touchstone Family Association 604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

CAP-C Program offers Chinese Family Support Groups for Cantonese and Mandarin speaking parents and children up to six year old to share information, socialize and learn more about parenting, problem solving and personal development. OutsidePlay.ca

An online tool to help parents and caregivers gain the confidence to allow their kids to engage in more outdoor play.

Young Parents

Richmond COLTS Program

Richmond Senior Secondary 7171 Minoru Blvd. 604-668-6400 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

An education and daycare program for young parents up to age 26 which allows them to complete their high school education.

Parenting

Family Services of Greater Vancouver 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

Offers counselling and parenting workshops in English, Cantonese and Mandarin.

Adoptive Families Association of BC 1-877-ADOPT-07 www.bcadoption.com

Provides province-wide support and advice if you are beginning to think about adoption, if you have decided to adopt, and if you have already had a child or children join your family. Parent Connections

Richmond Family Place 604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Parent Connections offers parent -led groups throughout Richmond for parents and caregivers. Parents receive training on how to run groups and facilitator support. p. 110 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

點石家庭協會

年輕家長

604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

列治文COLTS 計劃

OutsidePlay.ca

為26歲或以下的年輕家長而設的教育及 日間托兒計劃,讓他們可以完成高中課程。

CAP-C 計劃為說粵語和國語的家長及其 六歲或以下的兒童成立華人家庭支援小 組,以分享資訊、社交和學習更多有關育 兒、解決難題和個人發展的知識。 一項網上工具以幫助家長和照顧者建立 信心,讓他們的孩子參與更多戶外遊戲 活動。

Richmond Senior Secondary 7171 Minoru Blvd. 604-668-6400 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

為人家長

Family Services of Greater Vancouver 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

提供英語、粵語及國語的輔導及為人家長 工作坊。 Adoptive Families Association of BC 1-877-ADOPT-07 www.bcadoption.com

如果你開始考慮領養孩子,或已決定領養 孩子,或已有領養孩子加入你們的家庭, 可使用他們於全省各地提供的支援和諮 詢服務。 Parent Connections Richmond Family Place 604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Parent Connections為家長和照顧者服務, 於列治文各區成立以家長為主導的小組, 讓家長學習如何運作小組和統籌者的支持

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 111


Richmond Family Place

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Join interactive, informative parent workshops and classes in English, Cantonese and Mandarin Offers free parenting support and referrals to all Richmond families with young children. SUCCESS

220 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7180 www.success.bc.ca

Provides family life education and parenting groups. Touchstone Family Association 604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

Cantonese and Mandarin Speaking Chinese Family Support Group provides education and support for parents, with a focus on culture, parenting

skills, sharing experiences, making friends, and building family life and relationships. Richmond City Centre Chinese Outreach Program supports families with children 0-6 years old that are living in Richmond’s city centre. Support and services are focussed on establishing connections and providing information and resources to

encourage children’s development. We offer free parent participation programs for example, Chinese Parent & Toddler Time held at the Richmond Public Library. KidCareCanada Society kidcarecanada.org

Online resource including a series of videos that provide easy access to relevant and current research on early childhood development and parenting.

Family Support & Crisis Services

CHIMO Crisis Services

120 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. Crisis Line: 604-279-7070 www.chimocrisis.com

Children’s Counselling: Art and play therapy groups and individual counselling with qualified professionals support children and youth aged 4 to 18 who have witnessed violence at home. Includes counselling for parents. Nova Transition House: A safe shelter for women and children who are fleeing family violence. Provides support, information and practical assistance.

p. 112 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

Richmond Family Place

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

參與以英語、粵語和國語舉行的互動資訊 家長工作坊,為全部育有幼童的列治文家 庭提供免費的家長支援及轉介服務。 中僑互助會

220 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7180 www.success.bc.ca

提供家庭生活教育和家長會。

點石家庭協會 Touchstone Family Association 604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

講粵語和國語的華人家庭支援小組為家 長提供教育和支援,内容集中文化、育兒 技巧、分享經驗、結交朋友和建立家庭生 活和關係。 列治文市中心華人外展計劃是 專為居住在列市中心、育有0-6歲孩子的 家庭提供援助。 有關的支援和服務專注於 建立聯繫及提供資訊和資源,以鼓勵孩子

的發展。 我們舉辦讓家長免費參與的活 動,例如:假列治文公共圖書館舉行的華 人家長和幼童時間。 KidCareCanada Society kidcarecanada.org

這項網上資源載有一系列的錄影短片,内 容涉及早期兒童發展和育兒的相關和現 正進行的研究,方便家長瀏覽。

家庭援助和危機服務

展望社會服務中心

CHIMO Crisis Services 120 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. Crisis Line: 604-279-7070 www.chimocrisis.com

Children’s Counselling(兒童輔導):由 具專業資格的人士以藝術和遊戲的治療 方式,來進行小組及個人輔導,援助那些 曾目睹家庭暴力的4-18歲的兒童及青少 年,也包括對父母的輔導。 Nova Transition House(諾凡中途之家):為那些遭遇 家庭暴力的婦女和兒童提供安全的避難 處,並給予支援、訊息和實質上的協助。 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 113


Family Services of Greater Vancouver 604-874-2938 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

Provides professional counselling to families, couples, and individuals. Fees are based on a sliding scale according to your household income. Ask for the intake worker. Services are offered in English, Mandarin, and Cantonese.

Chinese Help Line

604-660-9260 www.gov.bc.ca/mcf

Provides information and emotional support in Cantonese and Mandarin. 7 days a week from 10:00 am to 10:00 pm.

Ministry for Children and Family Development

Assists families to maintain or resume responsibility for their children; investigates and protects children from suffering neglect or abuse; provides adoptive services for relinquishing parents and children; and finds temporary residential and foster care for children in the care of the Superintendent of Family and Children’s Services. Richmond Family Place

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

Offers confidential one-to-one parent support.

SUCCESS

220 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7180 www.success.bc.ca

Touchstone Family Association 604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

The Family Preservation Program provides early intervention to help Richmond children, youth and families who have serious difficulties that could be resolved with expert help. The program includes family and individual counselling, crisis intervention, mediation, modeling and coaching of appropriate parenting, therapeutic play with children, and marriage therapy. Must be referred to this program by the Ministry of Children and Family Development. Call Richmond Intake Services at 604-660-1044.

p. 114 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

Family Services of Greater Vancouver

華語情緒熱線

對家庭、夫婦和個人提供專業輔導,服務 費用則是根據你的家庭收入而計算,詳情 請向工作人員查詢。 服務可以英語、國語 或粵語進行。

用粵語或國語提供資訊及情緒上的支援。 一星期七日,每日上午10時至晚上10時 服務。

604-874-2938 604-279-7100 www.fsgv.ca

兒童及家庭發展廳

Ministry for Children and Family Development 604-660-9260 www.gov.bc.ca/mcf

協助家庭保持或重獲照顧子女的權利;調 查和保護受到忽視或虐待的孩子;為放棄 照顧權的家長和孩子提供領養服務;為那 些交由家庭和兒童服務部主管照顧的孩 子安排臨時住所及寄養照顧。 Richmond Family Place

604-278-4336 www.richmondfamilyplace.ca

中僑互助會 220 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7180 www.success.bc.ca

點石家庭協會

Touchstone Family Association 604-279-5599 www.touchfam.ca

家庭維繫計劃提供早期的介入服務,以幫 助那些有嚴重困難、並應可由專家協助解 決問題的列治文兒童、青少年和家庭。 該 計劃包括家庭和個人輔導、緊急介入、協 調、合適的育兒活動模式和訓練、透過遊 戲為孩子進行治療以及婚姻治療。 服務 對象必須由兒童及家庭發展廳轉介。 詳 情請致電604-660-1044聯絡Richmond Intake Services。

為家長提供保密、一對一的支援服務。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 115


Richmond Food Bank

5800 Cedarbridge Way 604-271-5609 www.richmondfoodbank.org

Groceries are available weekly in a safe and confidential place for anyone who lives in Richmond and needs a little help. Feed the Body, Feed the Mind gives children healthy snack packs weekly and books three times a year. Story Times engage the children and encourage early reading, while their parents collect groceries. Nutritious Recipes Demonstrations give samples of simple and healthy recipes using seasonal vegetables and other foods that are available at the Food Bank. Friends of Children Dairy Program gives fresh milk, cheese, and eggs to children and nursing mothers. Our city dental hygienist gives Dental Grab Bags and oral clinics for pre-school children who don’t have a dentist Richmond Public Library conducts a monthly mobile lending library, Langara nursing students provide health and safety information, and Volunteer Richmond Information Services staff a community information booth.

Children Who Require Additional Support

Autism Information Services BC 3688 Cessna Drive 1-844-878-4700 autisminfo.gov.bc.ca/

Provincial information centre for autism and related disorders that provides information and supports to families, service providers, and community professionals. BC Centre for Ability

2805 Kingsway Avenue, Vancouver 604-451-5511 www.centreforability.bc.ca

Early intervention therapy (birth to 5 yrs), rehabilitation and vocational services to children and youth with physical, neurological and developmental challenges. Services include physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech-language therapy and social work services for eligible children and their families. Limited fee-for-service therapy available for school age children. Parent referral required.

p. 116 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

列治文食物銀行

5800 Cedarbridge Way 604-271-5609 www.richmondfoodbank.org

每星期在一個安全和保密的地方為居住 在列治文且需要幫助的任何人士提供食 物雜貨用品。透過Feed the Body, Feed the Mind計劃,孩子每星期一次可收到健 康的點心包,及每年三次可收到書本。 當 家長領取食物雜貨用品時,Story Times 計劃能陪伴孩子和鼓勵他們的早期閱讀。 Nutritious Recipes Demonstrations 計劃採用時令蔬菜和食物銀行提供的其 他食物,製定出一些簡單而健康的食譜。 Friends of Children Dairy Program 分 發鮮奶、芝士(奶酪)及雞蛋給孩子和哺乳 中的媽媽。 市内的牙齒衛生員為沒有牙醫 的學前兒童提供牙齒護理包和口腔檢查。 此外,還有列治文公共圖書館每月舉辦 流動借書服務,Langara書院的學護提供 健康和安全資訊,以及Richmond Cares, Richmond Gives 的人員開設的社區資 訊服務站。

需要特殊援助的孩子

卑詩省自閉症諮詢服務 3688 Cessna Drive 1-844-878-4700 autisminfo.gov.bc.ca/

卑詩省政府為自閉症及相關障礙而設立 的諮詢中心,為家庭、服務工作者及社區 内的專業人士提供資訊及支援服務。 BC Centre for Ability

2805 Kingsway Avenue, Vancouver 604-451-5511 www.centreforability.bc.ca

對那些有身體、精神和發展困難的孩子及 青少年進行早期介入治療(出生至五歲)、 康復和職業訓練服務。 該些服務包括為符 合資格的孩子及家人提供物理治療、職業 治療、說話-語言治療及社會工作服務。 為 學齡兒童提供有限的收費服務治療。 需要 家長的轉介。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 117


Family Resources and Coordination

Richmond Society for Community Living 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-8245 www.rscl.org Provides information, resources and/ or support to family members who face the extraordinary circumstances that come with having a family member with a disability. Family Support Institute Toll Free: 1-800-441-5403 Familysupportbc.com

Strengthens and supports families faced with the extraordinary circumstances that come with having a family member who has a disability. Directed by families, the Family Support Institute provides information, training and province-wide networking to assist families and their communities to build upon and share their strengths Infant Development Program

Richmond Society for Community Living 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7059 www.rscl.org Serves children from birth to three years old, who are at risk for, or who already have a delay in development. Services may include: •Home visits to encourage progress,

develop new activities and support parents •Developmental assessments and written reports •Play group with parent participation •Parent workshops or support groups •Therapy consultation •Toy and book-lending library •Assistance for you and your child making the transition to a preschool/daycare program •Service coordination PACE

604-266-3141

A therapeutic and educational centre for children with significant emotional and/or behavioural challenges and their families. Offers general and child -specific support to preschools and child care centres through Outreach Support Services. Supported Child Development

Richmond Society for Community Living 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7010 www.rscl.org Community-based, early intervention program that provides practical information, resources, and strategies for the inclusion of children with disabilities in childcare settings to childcare providers and families. Consultants assist families in accessing childcare services in their community.

p. 118 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

家庭資源和協調

列治文社區生活協會 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-8245 www.rscl.org

為那些因有家人傷殘而面對困境的家庭 提供訊息、資源和/或援助。 Family Support Institute 免費電話:1-800-441-5403 Familysupportbc.com

鞏固和支援那些因有家人傷殘而面對困 境的家庭。 Family Support Institute由家 庭營運管理,提供資訊、培訓及遍及全省 各地的聯繫,以協助家庭及其社區增強力 量,並互相支持。 幼兒發展服務計劃

列治文社區生活協會 Richmond Society for Community Living 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7059 www.rscl.org 為那些可能會發展遲緩者, 或已經發展 遲緩的0到3歲的孩子, 提供服務。 該服務 包括:

•家訪以鼓勵其進步,發展新的能力以及 援助家長。 •發展評估和書面報告 •有家長參與的遊戲小組 •家長工作坊或支援小組 •治療輔導 •方便家長借閲玩具和書本的圖書館 •幫助你和你的孩子,順利參加幼兒班/

日托中心 •協調服務 PACE

604-266-3141

治療和教育中心適合於那些有嚴重情緒 和/或行為問題的孩子及他們的家庭。 通 過外展支援服務為學齡前兒童和托兒中 心提供一般和為孩子特別設計的支持服 務。 輔助兒童發展計劃

列治文社區生活協會

170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-7010 www.rscl.org

以社區為本的早期介入計劃,為傷殘兒童 的看護者和家庭提供實用資訊、資源和 策略,讓兒童得以使用托兒中心的服務。 顧問協助家庭在他們的社區內找到托兒 服務。 Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 119


products available for purchase and a Safety Station to tour at the hospital. Phone for safety product information. Canada Food Guide Respite Care

Richmond Society for Community Living 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-8245 www.rscl.org Respite care providers give families a break by spending a few hours or an over-night period with their child with developmental disabilities. Referral required.

Health & Safety Information

Healthy Families BC

www.healthyfamiliesbc/ca/parenting Health Link BC provides up-to-date information on healthy pregnancy, infant care, and parenting. Baby’s Best Chance: Parents’Handbook of Pregnancy and Baby Care can be downloaded from the website. BC Children’s Hospital Safe Start 604-875-2244 www.bcchildrens.ca/health-info/ healthy-living/child-safety

Safe Home safety checklist; safety reminders and news items; safety

www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/ services/canada-food-guides.html

The Canada Food Guide is available in 12 languages and a number of formats. Visit the website to use the interactive My Food Guide tool and customize your own food guide for yourself and your family. Child Passenger Safety Info Line

1-877-247-5551 www.bcaa.com/community/child-carseat-safety

Offers child seat information and child seat inspection clinics. Offered by BCAA and ICBC. Emergency Child Care First Aid and CPR Course 1-888-307-7997 www.redcross.ca

The Emergency Child Care First Aid & CPR course (formerly Childsafe) covers accident prevention, basic first aid, life saving skills and safety knowledge to help parents and caregivers create a safe environment for their children, prevent injuries and know what to do in case of an emergency.

p. 120 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

短期護理

列治文社區生活協會 170 - 7000 Minoru Blvd. 604-279-8245 www.rscl.org

短期護理提供者通過與發展傷殘的孩子 共度幾個小時或者整個晚上,讓家人得到 短暫的休息。 需要轉介。

健康和安全訊息

卑詩省健康家庭

www.healthyfamiliesbc/ca/parenting

Health Link BC 提供健康懷孕、嬰兒護 理及育兒的最新資訊,歡迎大家到其網 站下載Baby’s Best Chance: Parents’ Handbook of Pregnancy and Baby Care。 卑詩省兒童醫院安全計劃 604-875-2244

www.bcchildrens.ca/health-info/ healthy-living/child-safety

家居安全檢查表;安全提示和新聞;可購 買的安全產品以及醫院内可供參觀的安 全站。 歡迎致電查詢安全產品的訊息。 加拿大食物指南

www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/ services/canada-food-guides.html

加拿大食物指南(Canada Food Guide) 備有12種語言及不同格式以供選擇。 歡迎瀏覽該網站,使用互動的My Food Guide(我的食物指南)工具,為你和你的

家人自定適合的食物指南。 兒童乘客安全資訊熱線 1-877-247-5551

www.bcaa.com/community/child-carseat-safety 提供兒童座椅的資料和兒童座椅檢查中 心,由BCAA和ICBC提供。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 121


Emergency Child Care First Aid and CPR Course

LEAP BC

The Emergency Child Care First Aid & CPR course (formerly Childsafe) covers accident prevention, basic first aid, life saving skills and safety knowledge to help parents and caregivers create a safe environment for their children, prevent injuries and know what to do in case of an emergency.

Provides information for families and caregivers on learning through play and supports healthy child development through physical movement, healthy eating, language development and early literacy.

1-888-307-7997 www.redcross.ca

HealthLink BC 811

Speak with a nurse about your symptoms, consult with a pharmacist about your medication questions, or get healthy eating advice from a dietitian. You can also find the health services and resources you need, closest to you. HealthLink BC

www.healthlinkbc.ca

Easy-to-understand multilingual fact sheets on over 180 health and safety topics such as: common illnesses, environmental health concerns, nutrition, and health and safety tips.

www.decoda.ca/resources/online-resources/resources-child-family-literacy/leap-bc

BC Drug and Poison Information Centre

24 hour Hotline: 604-682-5050

Provides information on poisons and treatment. Parachute

www.parachutecanada.org

Canadian safety information, including Canadian safety guidelines and standards Toddler’s First Steps

www.healthyfamiliesbc.ca

Online resource that provides information to parents about caring for children ages six months to three years old. Toddler’s First Steps is filled with important information and safety tips to help parents and caregivers nurture and support young children.

p. 122 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


Richmond Programs & Services

列治文計劃和服務

緊急幼兒急救及CPR 課程

LEAP BC

緊急幼兒急救及CPR課程(原為兒童安 全)的内容包括預防意外、基本急救、救生 技能和安全知識,以幫助家長和照顧者為 其孩子建立一個安全的環境,防止受傷, 並在緊急情況下知道應採取什麽行動。

為家長和照顧者提供資料,包括從遊戲 中學習,及透過活動身體、健康飲食、語 言發展和早期學習文字來幫助兒童健康 地成長。

1-888-307-7997 www.redcross.ca

HealthLink BC 811

就你的病徵與護士對話,向藥劑師諮詢有 關藥物的問題,或向營養師請教健康飲食 的意見。 你也可找到最就近的衛生服務 和資源。 HealthLink BC

www.healthlinkbc.ca

易於明白的多語言資料單張,包括超過 180項健康和安全的題目,例如:常見疾 病、環境衛生問題、營養以及健康和安全 的提示。

www.decoda.ca/resources/online-resources/resources-child-family-literacy/leap-bc

中毒控制中心

24 小時熱線電話:604-682-5050 提供關於中毒和治療的資訊。 Parachute

www.parachutecanada.org

提供加拿大安全訊息,包括加拿大安全指 南和標準 Toddler’s First Steps

www.healthyfamiliesbc.ca

Toddler’s First Steps這套網上資源,為 家長提供照顧6個月到3歲孩子的訊息。 Toddler’s First Steps載有大量重要的資 訊和安全提示,幫助家長和照顧者養育和 支持幼童。

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 123


RICHMOND CHILDREN FIRST 列治文兒童優先計劃 Richmond Children First is part of British Columbia’s early child development (ECD) strategy, committed to developing an integrated system of effective services and supports for young children and their families at the community level.

Richmond Children First brings together people and organizations who share a common vision and collective responsibility for the health & well-being of all young children in Richmond. We offer a place for partnership, local information and research about young children in Richmond, and a group rich with professional expertise in the early years. We look for opportunities to increase the profile and supports for young children and their families and we welcome your involvement and ideas. Richmond Children First provides you with:

•More knowledge about young children in Richmond as well as the neighbourhoods they live in •Tools, such as maps and local research to build on your own expertise and knowledge •Information about child development and Richmond programs for families with young children

•Support of many committed people in a variety of sectors, like childcare, health, libraries, recreation, schools, child welfare, geographers, family support programs, and many more. 列治文兒童優先計劃(Richmond Children First)是卑詩省早期兒童發展策略 的一部份,致力在社區内為兒童及他們 的家庭,發展一個結合有效服務和支援 的系統。

透過列治文兒童優先計劃,擁有同一理念 及對列治文市内全體兒童的健康和福祉 有共同承擔的人士和機構可以一起工作。 我們為你提供夥伴關係的機會,有關列治 文市兒童的本地資訊和研究,還有一組具 有豐富早年兒童專業知識的專家,為你 提供資訊。 我們尋求更多機會,為更多的 幼兒和他們的家庭提供幫助,並歡迎你 的參與和想法。 列治文兒童優先計劃為 你提供: • 更多有關列治文市及其他鄰舍内幼兒 的訊息 • 有關工具,例如地圖及本地研究,以培 養你的專業技能和知識 • 有關兒童成長和列治文市内為有幼童 的家庭而設之計劃 • 為各行各業(如托兒中心、衛生、圖書 館、娛樂、學校、兒童福利、地理學家,家 庭支援計劃及其他)致力於幼兒發展的 人員,提供支持。

p. 124 | Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 / 2018年兒童發展及資源指南


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 鳴謝 Richmond Children First would like to acknowledge all the individuals and community organizations that lent their expertise and support in the creation of Growing Together: A Guide to Help Your Child Grow and Learn. We would especially like to thank the families who have allowed us to include their photographs.

列治文兒童優先計劃(Richmond Children First)謹此感謝所有人士和社區組 織為出版「共同成長 - 幫助你的子女成長 和學習的指南」而提供的寳貴專業知識 和支持。

我們特別希望感謝准許我們使用他們的 照片的家庭。 First Edition / 第一版:

2018 Edition / 2018年版:

Kathy Hydamaka

Lisa Enns

Ramnik Ahluwalia Janice Lambert

Ann McCormick Anne Murdoch

Karen Samson

Raj Badh

Andrea Gates David Ince

Annie Leung

Chris Salgado Anne Swann

Child Development & Resource Guide 2018 | p. 125


As children grow, parents want to know when to ask questions and where to go for help. RichmondKids has it all - an events calendar, information, maps, and links to early years programs, services and groups. Visit us on the web: www.RichmondKids.ca Find us on Facebook: @RichmondKidsBC

随着孩子的成长,父母想知道何 时提问以及在哪里寻求帮助。 RichmondKids是列治文及其 家庭 的幼兒計劃和活動指南. 访问我们的网站: www.RichmondKids.ca

在Facebook上找到我们: @RichmondKidsBC 在Twitter上关注我们: @Richmond_Kids

发送电子邮件至: info@richmondkids.ca

Follow us on Twitter: @Richmond_Kids

Send us an email: info@richmondkids.ca

Richmond Kids is your guide to programs and events for young children in Richmond and their families. / Richmond Kids是里士满及其家庭幼儿计划和活动的指南。

Profile for Richmond Children First

Growing Together - NEW edition  

A guide for families with young children living in Richmond, BC. Includes useful, practical information to help your child grow and learn fr...

Growing Together - NEW edition  

A guide for families with young children living in Richmond, BC. Includes useful, practical information to help your child grow and learn fr...

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