Page 1

Inglês para o Ensino Médio

Eduardo Amos • Elisabeth Prescher • Ernesto Pasqualin

3rd edition

SUN_INICIAIS VOL 3_mar2013.indd 1

3 26/3/13 5:07 PM


Contents IT

1

Reading strategies

UN

9

Moda verbs – should, ought to, need; Modal Used to, 14

UN

UN

Sunrise — Diagnostic test 4

IT

Galaxy pileup

2

The future perfect tense, 22

IT

3

What would you do?

25

Conditional (I), 30

UN

Self-study 1

33

IT

4

Exercise and teens

35

Conditional (II), 40

IT

5

Nkosi Johnson

43

The passive voice (I), 48

UN

UN

17

IT

6

Avalanche part 1

The passive voice (II), 56

Self-study 2

SUN_INICIAIS VOL 3.indd 2

51

59

09.05.08 13:58:32


7

Avalanche part 2

61

It tak takes, 66 Tag questions, q 67

UN

UN

UN

IT

IT

Unemployed Une

8

Reported speech (I), 74 Repo

IT

9

Ethics Ethic

77

Reported speech (II), 82 Repo

10

Of human bondage

UN

IT

12

To the nations

87

IT

11

Doing drugs

95

The g gerund, 100 Gender of nouns, 102 Gend

103

Adve Adverbs (II), 108 Definite article, 109 Defin

Self-study 4 Exam practice Answer keys

SUN_INICIAIS VOL 3.indd 3

85

The in infinitive, 92 Adverbs (I), 93 Adve

UN

UN

Self-study 3 IT

69

111 113 126

Irregular verbs Maxi glossary

129 132

09.05.08 13:58:36


Sunrise

Diagnostic test

Here are some basic grammar points that you have to know before starting the book. Follow these steps to take advantage of this section: 1. Do the test. 2. Check your answers on page 126. 3. Look at the charts on pages 6, 7 and 8 to clarify your doubts.

Chart 1

Choose the adequate alternatives.

1. Condors, (the largest/the larger) flying birds in North America, are monogamous and pair for life. 2. The Indian elephant is (smaller/the smallest) than the African elephant. It lives in Asia. 3. The Pantanal, home to the world’s (richest/most rich) collection of aquatic plants, may disappear.

Chart 2

4. Tourism is turning the Everest, the world’s (more high/highest) peak, into its (biggest/bigger) rubbish dump, claim conservationists.

1. In Tanana Valley residents use the observation of clouds to deduce the probability of snowfall. If there is a bright band between the clouds and the Alaska Range, it (will not snow/is not snowing). If you can only see the base of the mountains, it (is snowing/will snow). 2. As human populations continue to expand, it (will become/will becoming) more and more difficult to maintain prosperity and quality of life. 3. You (will to improve/will improve) your physical performance if you sleep well.

Chart 3

4. I don’t know what I (will be doing/will being doing) in January 2020. My sister says she (will be living/will lives) abroad. My brother says he (will be sleep/will be sleeping).

1. One of (Leonardos/Leonardo’s) greatest pieces of art is the Mona Lisa. 2. Scientists predict that natural changes in the (Earth’s/Earths’) planetary status will mean the end of life here in another 500 million years. 3. (Mary Shelley’s husband/Husband’s Mary Shelley) drowned in a boating accident off the coast of Italy.

Chart 4

4. National surveys show cheating is growing in (Americas’s/America’s) high schools.

1. I threw (myself/meself) in the river. The water was moving so fast it brought me to the other side. 2. Over the past months John hasn’t felt like (herself/himself). 3. In 1896, a Greek woman presented (herself/sheself) as an entrant in the Olympic Marathon. 4. We asked (ourselves/weselves) what she intended to do.

4

SUN_INICIAIS VOL 3.indd 4

09.05.08 13:58:40


UNIT

Galaxy pileup

2

WARMďšşUP You are going to read a text about the galaxies in the universe. Discuss the following questions with your classmates. 1. What is a galaxy? 2. What is the name of the galaxy where we live? 3. Are galaxies static or do they move?

17

UNIT 02.indd 17

09.05.08 14:08:29


Unit 2 Un

TRACK

04

One of the biggest galaxy collisions ever observed is taking place at the center of this image.

Monster galaxy pileup Four galaxies are slamming into each other in one of the largest cosmic smash-ups ever observed. Collisions, or mergers, between galaxies are common in the universe. Gravity causes some galaxies to tangle and ultimately unite over a period of millions of years. “Most of the galaxy mergers are like compact cars crashing together,” said Kenneth Rines of the Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass. “What we have here is like four sand trucks smashing together, flinging sand everywhere.” Mergers between one big galaxy and several small ones are well documented. One example is the Spiderweb galaxy – a massive galaxy that is catching dozens of small ones in its “web” of gravity. The new merger was discovered by chance during a survey of a distant cluster of galaxies located nearly five billion light-years away.

18 8

UNIT 02.indd 18

09.05.08 14:08:36


Galaxy pileup

The telescope first spotted a large plume of light coming out of a grouping of four galaxies. Three of the galaxies are about the size of the Milky Way, while the fourth is three times as big. “When this merger is complete, it will have formed one of the biggest galaxies in the universe,� said Rines. In five billion years our Milky Way galaxy will have teamed up with the Andromeda galaxy. For more information, please visit: www.nasa.gov Source: www.nasa.gov

READING Before you read, take a look at the text page and guess. The text is about: 1. new galaxies 2. galaxy collisions 3. a space monster Scan the text to find the names of three galaxies.

Scan the text to find three words related to astronomy.

Read the text again.

Keywords cluster fling pileup plume sand spiderweb

agrupamento arremessar engavetamento pluma areia teia de aranha

19 19

UNIT 02.indd 19

09.05.08 14:08:46


Unit 2 Un

AFTER READING A

Check the correct meaning of the expressions in bold letters.

1. [...] galaxies are slamming into each other [...] a) dentro de cada uma

b) umas contra as outras

c) nem uma nem outra

2. What we have here is like four sand trucks [...] a) criada

b) gosta

c) como

3. This was discovered by chance during a survey. a) por acaso

B

b) provavelmente

c) possivelmente

Answer the questions.

1. How many years does it take for galaxies to collide? 2. What galaxy is catching dozens of small galaxies? 3. According to the text, how many galaxies are going to collide? 4. How many years will it take for the Milky Way to merge with Andromeda?

C

True or False?

1. (

) Mergers between galaxies are rare occurrences.

2. (

) Gravity is the force that attracts galaxies to each other.

3. (

) A galaxy merger is similar to a car crash.

4. (

) There is no documentation about galaxy mergers.

5. (

) Monster, in the title, means enormous.

6. (

) The new merger was discovered because of exact calculations.

7. (

) The telescope first spotted a plume of light.

8. (

) Andromeda will merge with the Milky Way.

D

Releia o texto e, juntamente com um ou dois colegas, responda às seguintes questões.

1. Por que os astros exercem tanto fascínio sobre o ser humano? 2. O estudo dos astros contribui para melhorar a vida na Terra? 3. Em sua opinião, os recursos gastos em explorações espaciais deveriam ser utilizados na eliminação da fome e da pobreza?

20

UNIT 02.indd 20

09.05.08 14:08:54


Galaxy pileup

Reading strategies checklist work on this text.

Check the strategies you used to

h/text). Make predictions (about paragrap . Ask (mentally) your own questions ext. cont the Find the meaning of words in

Scan the text page. Scan for immediate information. Scan for vocabulary.

Find the meaning of words in the

h/text). Skim for the general idea (paragrap

glossary/dictionary.

WORD POWER A

Complete the sentences with the words in the boxes. Milky Way

Sun

planets

stars

satellites

1. Ancient navigators used the

for direction.

2. There are many artiďŹ cial 3.

in orbit around the Earth. is the name of the galaxy where we live.

4. Mars and Venus are

of the Solar System.

5. The

B

is our source of light and heat.

Match the columns with synonyms.

1. collision

(

) grouping

2. cluster

(

) unite

3. massive

(

) ďŹ nally

4. team up

(

) crash

5. ultimately

(

) immense

C

Fill in the blanks with the words in the boxes. between

over

during

into

1. Three of the galaxies are

about the size of the Milky Way.

2. The new merger was discovered 3. Collisions 4. Gravity causes galaxies to unite 5. Four galaxies are smashing

a survey of clusters. galaxies are common. a period of millions of years. each other.

21

UNIT 02.indd 21

12.05.08 10:09:50


Unit 2 Un

STRUCTURE The future perfect tense WILL HAVE + verbo no PARTICÍPIO PASSADO I will have walked You will have walked He will have walked She will have walked It will have walked We will have walked You will have walked They will have walked

Afirmativa: Interrogativa: Negativa:

He will have studied. Will he have studied? He will not have studied.

Uso Indica que uma ação (ou um acontecimento) terá ocorrido em determinado momento no futuro. By tomorrow I will have finished my examination. By January he will have bought his house. VERB TENSE REVIEW Imperative: Present continuous: Past continuous: Future – going to: Future continuous:

Study! She is studying now. She was studying 5 minutes ago. She is going to study next week. She’ll be studying at 5 o’clock.

Simple present: Simple past: Simple future:

She studies every morning. She studied yesterday. She will study tomorrow.

Present perfect: Past perfect: Future perfect:

She has studied for 2 hours. She had studied when I arrived. She will have studied when I get there.

SUN FACTFILE South America The largest astrobleme in

mes) are discovered on impact craters (astroble Each year about 3 to 5 new act craters: eight in there are eleven known imp Earth. In South America, impact craters in the all and one in Chile. Of Brazil, two in Argentina the oldest and the t, ges lar the is ás Goi a Dome in South America, Araguainh best known. 00 km2, with a diameter area of approximately 1,3 Araguainha Dome covers an of 40 km. tures in Brazil. In: J. Pohl (ed.) Sources: Crósta, A. P. Impact struc ct structures. Wiesbaden, impa strial terre in arch Rese . p. 30-38. www.unb.br 1987 , Sohn & eg View

22

UNIT 02.indd 22

09.05.08 14:08:56


Galaxy pileup

PRACTICE TRACK

05

A

Read the text and fill in the blanks with the future perfect or the future continuous tense of the verbs to land and to finish.

Captain’s announcement Good afternoon, passengers. This is your captain speaking. Welcome to Goodwings Flight 77A. We are currently cruising at an altitude of 33,000 feet and at an air speed of 400 miles per hour. The time is 1:25 pm. in Paris approximately fifteen minutes ahead of schedule. The weather looks good and we The weather in Paris is clear and sunny, with a high of 25 degrees for this afternoon. If the weather cooperates we will get a great view of the city as we descend. The cabin crew will be coming around in about twenty minutes’ time, and they the snack and beverage service before we start the in-flight movie. I’ll talk to you again before we reach our destination. Until then, sit back, relax and enjoy your flight.

B

Read the text again and:

1. underline the verbs in the simple present tense, and 2. circle the verbs in the simple future tense.

C

Supply the future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. Follow the model.

1. I

will have bought

2. We

(buy) that book by the time you come back. (meet) the new teacher by the end of the week.

3. By 2 o’clock tomorrow she

(read) my letter.

4. By the time he comes back, I 5.

(finish) my homework.

you

6. She

(have) a shower by the time I arrive? (meet) Paul tomorrow at this time.

7. When you meet him tomorrow, I 8. How many people

D

(tell) him the good news. you

(interview) by 11:00 a.m.?

Combine the sentences. Follow the example. I will tell your mother the truth at 5:00 p.m. You will arrive at 6 o’clock.

I will have told your mother the truth by the time you arrive. 1. Bob will replace the money in the morning. His father will find out about it in the afternoon. 2. Nancy will make a cake at 2:00 p.m. You will arrive at 2:30. 3. The movie will start at 9:00 p.m. We will get there by 9:15.

23

UNIT 02.indd 23

09.05.08 14:08:58


Unit 2 Un

E

Supply the simple present, present perfect or simple past tense of the verbs in parentheses.

1. Jack

(put) all his toys in the garage every evening.

2. What time

the concert

3. They

(live) in London since last summer.

4. Claire

(teach) English since she graduated from college.

5. Don and Jill 6.

(get) married three months ago. you

(hurt) your head in the accident last week?

7. Sometimes people

(migrate) to other places because of economic opportunities.

8. She always 9. “

(complain) about the city sanitation services. you

“Yes. I

(see) Jane recently?” (see) her yesterday at the supermarket.”

10. “Where

all the kids

“Don’t worry! Dad

F

(begin) last night?

(go)? I can’t find them anywhere.”

just

(take) them to the park.”

Supply the simple past or past perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.

1. We 2. I

already

(give) the information to him when she called.

(drive) a vehicle yesterday that I

3. Their economy

(drive – negative) before.

(grow) 3% a year last decade.

4. That wasn’t the first time I

(wear) my mother’s dress. I

(wear) it for my graduation party.

5.

you and Mike

(have) a good time at the concert

yesterday?

G

Supply the present continuous, past continuous or future continuous tense of the verbs in parentheses.

1. Mr. Collins

(bring) the table to this room when I met him.

2. Linda

(show) her new paintings at the art gallery a week from today.

3. What

they

(sell) at the street market this morning?

4. I

(plan) a trip to Canada with my parents.

5. “

you

(bake) a cake, Mom?”

“Yes, I am. Why?” “Can I have a slice when it’s ready?” “Sure. Where will you be?” “I

(study) in my room.”

6. “Did you hear about the accident at school yesterday?” “Yes. It was awful! Some kids

(talk) under a tree when it fell down on them.”

24

UNIT 02.indd 24

09.05.08 14:08:59


1

Self-study

A

Units 1 to 3

Choose the correct alternative.

1. Come on! You’re an adult. You a) should

behave like a child.

b) need

2. I’ve just got an emergency call. I a) used to

c) shouldn’t

go right now.

b) need to

3. Alice doesn’t visit us anymore. But she a) mustn’t

c) needn’t visit us almost every week.

b) need

c) used to

4. When our car broke in the middle of the road, Jack said, ‘Don’t worry. I’ll walk to the nearest gas station. I

walking.’

a) am used to

5. I

b) used to

her some flowers if I

a) would buy – had

6. If you

c) am not used to

money. b) would buy – have

here that night, you

c) bought – have

the comet.

a) were – would have seen b) had been – would have seen c) had been – would see

7. If I

you were coming, I

Jerry and we

dinner together.

a) knew – would call – would have had b) knew – would call – would have c) would know – would call – had

8. They

their homework by the time we get there.

a) will finish

9. Barbara

b) finished

to stay in bed if she wanted to recover from her cold.

a) will have

b) had had

10. If I had had time I a) would go

B

c) will have finished

c) would have

to the dentist. b) would have gone

c) will go

Complete the sentences with the appropriate two-word verb. take back

take down

1. What do you

me

take for

take off

? Do you really think I’m some kind of idiot?

2. You’ve borrowed this book so long ago! It is time for you to

it

to

the library.

3. Our old dollhouse in the backyard is about to fall over, so mom and dad are going to it

.

4. I miss you already, honey… I won’t leave the airport untill I see your plane 5. I’m not very good at Geography, so I usually

!

whatever the teacher says during

our classes.

6. If he doesn’t

what he said about my girlfriend, I swear I’ll hit him!

33

UNIT 03.indd 33

09.05.08 14:11:14


C

Check the correct alternatives.

1. She is used to

to school by bus.

a) going

b) go

c) gone

2. I’II go crazy if the kids don’t stop a) to cry

b) to crying

3. They need not

c) crying

permission to go to the party.

a) to ask

b) ask

4. I wanted to go with you,

c) asking

I won’t have time.

a) but

b) during

5. They used to

c) and

basketball when they were children.

a) play

b) playing

6. Man places artificial

c) played

around the Earth.

a) stars

b) satellites

7. We learned basic mathematics a) into

c) moons

a period of 5 years.

b) for

c) about

8. The word massive is synonym with the word a) grouping

9. The Sun is a

b) ultimately

c) immense

b) planet

c) galaxy

.

a) star

10. That car crashed

the wall of my house in the accident.

a) about

11. The girls wanted to put a) down

b) between

c) into

new clothes to go to the party. b) on

c) in

12. The verb run away is a synonym for the verb a) escape

b) leak

c) go out

b) pants

c) justice

13. Trousers is the same as a) dress

14. I won’t talk to him if he a) hadn’t come

to my party. b) doesn’t come

c) didn’t come

15. The word last is the opposite of the word a) after

16. We can’t leave without a) to ask

b) first for permission. b) asking

17. We met at the cafeteria and stopped to a) talking

c) next

b) drinking

c) answering . c) talk

Respostas na página 126.

34

UNIT 03.indd 34

09.05.08 14:11:16


Exam practice (PE–Unicap) The tree is a beautiful machine that works for the benefit of humanity, animals, and plants. Most forms of life on Earth need oxygen. We do not get oxygen from industrial machines. We get it from the tree machine. Trees make the oxygen that we need to take from the air. Industrial machines pollute the air. Trees do not pollute it. On the contrary, they clean it. The industrial machine makes a lot of noise. The tree machine does not make any noise. On the contrary, it filters noise. The tree machine does not need coal, oil, gas or electricity to work. Its fuel comes from water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide. When a tree dies, it helps new plants. The combination of water, insects, and microorganisms in the soil causes the decomposition of the tree. When a tree dies, it gives nutrients to the soil for other trees to use as fuel. So, the tree does not die, really. It recycles its substances for the benefit of all animal and plant life. Please remember: the tree is your friend. Do not destroy it. (Adapted from Science and Children, Washington, D.C., National Science Teachers Association)

1. De acordo com o texto (

)V (

)F

( ( ( (

) ) ) )

) ) ) )

V V V V

( ( ( (

F F F F

The combination of water, insects, and microorganisms in the soil compounds the tree machine. Industrial machines never give us the oxygen we need to breathe. When a tree dies, it recycles its substances for our benefit. Industrial machines use water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide as fuel. The tree machine filters noise. In fact, it makes no noise.

2. Complete as frases com a(s) alternativa(s) corretas: If I and I ( )V ( )V ( )V ( )V ( )V

( ( ( ( (

a rich man I

to donate

to charities

to work as hard. ) F was / will be able / more / would have ) F wasn’t / would be able / more / would have ) F were / would be able / more / wouldn’t have ) F were / will be able / less / will have ) F were / would be able / less / would have

(DF–UnB) Plato: ideas and contributions 1

4

7

10

Plato was born into a wealthy Athenian family and planned to become a politician. As he grew older, he became repulsed by the brutal and unethical practices of Athenian dictators. In 399 B.C. he left Athens when his friend Socrates was sentenced to death. Twelve years later, he founded a school of philosophy and science called the Academy, the first university. Plato is famous for his written dialogues, conversations between two or more characters debating philosophical issues. His earliest dialogues utilize Socrates as the main character who questions others on their beliefs and ideas. Plato’s philosophy was based on his theory of a

113

SUN_EXAM VOL3.indd 113

09.05.08 15:23:28


Irregular verbs INFINITIVO

PASSADO SIMPLES

PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

TRADUÇÃO

to arise

arose

arisen

erguer, levantar

to awake

awoke

awoken

acordar

to be

was/were

been

ser, estar

to bear

bore

born

suportar, aguentar

to beat

beat

beaten

vencer, derrotar; bater (coração)

to become

became

become

tornar-se

to begin

began

begun

começar, iniciar

to bend

bent

bent

dobrar, inclinar(-se)

to bet

bet

bet

apostar

to bind

bound

bound

prender

to bite

bit

bitten

morder; picar

to bleed

bled

bled

sangrar

to blow

blew

blown

soprar, apagar (velas)

to break

broke

broken

quebrar

to bring

brought

brought

trazer

to build

built

built

construir

to burn

burnt

burnt

queimar, arder

to burst

burst

burst

explodir, estourar

to buy

bought

bought

comprar

to cast

cast

cast

lançar, atirar

to catch

caught

caught

pegar, agarrar

to choose

chose

chosen

escolher

to cling

clung

clung

agarrar; apegar-se

to come

came

come

vir

to cost

cost

cost

custar

to creep

crept

crept

rastejar

to cut

cut

cut

cortar

to deal

dealt

dealt

lidar, tratar

to dig

dug

dug

cavar

to do

did

done

fazer

to draw

drew

drawn

desenhar; sacar

to drink

drank

drunk

beber

to drive

drove

driven

dirigir, guiar

to eat

ate

eaten

comer

to fall

fell

fallen

cair

to feed

fed

fed

alimentar

to feel

felt

felt

sentir

to fight

fought

fought

lutar, brigar, resistir

to find

found

found

achar, encontrar

to fling

flung

flung

arremessar, lançar, empurrar

to fly

flew

flown

voar

to forbid

forbade

forbidden

proibir

to forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer

to forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdoar

to freeze

froze

frozen

congelar

129

SUN_VERBOS VOL3.indd 129

09.05.08 15:25:56


Maxi glossary Os verbos assinalados com asterisco são irregulares. admire: admirar

amenorrhea: amenorreia

advancement: progresso

American: norte-americano

advantage: vantagem

among: entre (vários) amount: quantidade, quantia

a bit: um pouquinho

advertise: anunciar, fazer anúncio ou propaganda

a bunch: um monte, um grupo

advertisement: anúncio

amputee: pessoa que teve algum membro amputado

a few: alguns, algumas

advertising: propaganda, publicidade

an: um, uma

a little: um pouco

advice: conselho, orientação (subst)

anabolic: anabólico

a little while: um pouco (de tempo)

advise: orientar, informar; aconselhar

anaesthetist: anestesista

a long way to go: muito o que fazer

adviser, advisor: orientador, conselheiro

analyst: analista

a lot: muito

affair: assunto, questão

ancestor: antepassado

a quarter: um quarto

affect: afetar

ancient: antigo

a while: um pouquinho (de tempo)

afford: permitir-se, poder, ter o bastante para

and: e

ability: capacidade

afraid: com medo

angel: anjo

able: capaz

African-American: afro-americano

anger: zanga, raiva, ira

abnormal: anormal, anômalo

after: depois

angry: bravo, irado

aboard: a bordo de

afternoon: tarde (parte do dia)

ankle: tornozelo

about: aproximadamente, quase; sobre, a respeito de

again: mais uma vez, de novo

ankle-sock: meia soquete

again and again: muitas vezes

above: acima

against: contra

anniversary: aniversário (de casamento, de fundação, etc.)

abroad: no exterior

announce: anunciar

abruptly: abruptamente

age: idade, era, época, século (subst); envelhecer (verbo)

abstract: resumo

ageless: que não envelhece

annoyed: aborrecido, irritado

abuse: abuso, uso excessivo (subst); abusar, tratar mal (verbo)

agency: agência; departamento

another: outro, outra

aging: envelhecimento

answer: resposta (subst); responder (verbo)

accept: aceitar

ago: atrás (no tempo)

anti-personnel: antipessoal

acceptable: aceitável

agree: concordar

anxiety: ansiedade

access: acesso (subst); ter acesso (verbo)

agreement: acordo

anxious: ansioso

accomplish: realizar

ahead: à frente, para diante, em frente

any: qualquer

accomplishment: realização

ailing: doente (pessoa); em dificuldade financeira (empresa)

anymore: não mais, nenhum mais

aim: intenção (subst); pretender, ter como objetivo (verbo)

apart: separado; distante

air: ar (subst); ir ao ar, ser veiculado (verbo)

appendicitis: apendicite

airline: linha aérea

apple: maçã

alive: vivo all: todos, tudo

apple of somebody’s eye: menina dos olhos, xodó

A a: um, uma

according to: de acordo com account for: ser responsável por, representar ache: dor (subst); doer (verbo) achieve: conseguir, alcançar achievement: conquista acquire: adquirir across: através, de um lado ao outro, do outro lado (da rua)

announcement: anúncio

anything: qualquer coisa appear: aparecer, parecer

alliance: aliança

application: aplicação, pedido

act: ato (subst); agir, comportar-se, atuar (verbo)

all over: todo; inteiro

apply for: candidatar-se a

all the way: até o final

appointment: hora marcada

action: medida, ação

allow: permitir

appraisal: análise

activity: atividade

allowance: mesada; permissão

apprehension: apreensão, medo

actress: atriz

almost: quase

actually: na verdade

alone: só, sozinho

approach: método, abordagem (subst); aproximar-se (verbo)

add: somar, acrescentar

aloft: no ar, fora do chão

approximately: aproximadamente

addiction: vício

along: ao longo de, junto

April: abril

addicted: viciado

along the side: ao lado

apron: avental

addictive: que vicia

already: já

aptitude: aptidão

additive: aditivo

also: também

arctic: ártico

address: endereço (subst); dirigir a palavra, fazer discurso (verbo)

alternative: alternativo(a)

argue: argumentar, brigar

although: embora, apesar de

argument: discussão, briga

adjective: adjetivo

alumni: ex-alunos

arm: braço

adjusted: ajustado, adaptado

always: sempre

army: exército

adopt: adotar

amazing: surpreendente

around: em volta; aproximadamente

admirable: admirável

Amazon: Amazonas, amazônico

around the world: no mundo inteiro

132

SUN_GLOSSARIO VOL3.indd 132

09.05.08 15:27:43

Sun up 3 Flipbook