Editoras: Ana Rita de S. CorrĂŞa
front Must 4-LA_abril2011.indd 1
4/1/11 10:38 AM
MUST 4_INICIAIS.indd 3
It‘s time to practice
Changes in life
I‘m really in doubt
What a routine!
What‘s the matter with you?
We may have solutions
Do you save water?
Our beloved pets
He’s my best friend!
Have you patted your pet today?
How much do you know about cinema?
You’re his big fan, aren’t you?
Grammar bank 1
Grammar reference Units 1 – 3
Grammar bank 2
Grammar reference Units 4 – 6
Grammar bank 3
Grammar reference Units 7 – 9
Grammar bank 4
Grammar reference Units 10 – 12
Song bank 1
Sunday bloody Sunday
Song bank 2
Situational bank 1
Language functions Units 1 – 3
Situational bank 2
Language functions Units 4 – 6
Situational bank 3
Language functions Units 7 – 9
Situational bank 4
Language functions Units 10 – 12
It’s time to practice
A group of students from 8th grade decided to meet after school to have extra practice for the school’s sports tournament. They met at a park close to school. The P.E. teacher, Mr. Bishop, was there with them.
Hey, guys! It’s time to start. Come closer. I’m going to give you instructions.
■ Do you usually exercise? If so, where? ■ Why is it good to exercise?
Look who’s coming!
Listen carefully. First, we’ll stretch. Then we’ll start with the running practice.
Funny! This is the first time he has come. He said he didn’t need extra practice!
Strange! Why did he change his mind? I have no idea.
Answer the questions. a Where are the students having extra practice?
c When are they going to start running?
b Does Geoff always have extra practice?
d Who’s at the park?
FIRST MOVE.indd 6
Hi, guys! Tadashi, Sarah, Geoff, Grace, you go first.
Geoff, what are you doing here? I thought you didn’t need extra practice.
Well, I was practicing alone, but I didn’t do very well last week. So I decided to join you. Is that OK?
Ready. Set. Go.
Sure! Welcome aboard!
What were these people doing yesterday afternoon? Look at the picture and write sentences.
Tara The children Stephanie Mr. Stevens and Sam
Mr. Stevens and Sam were playing basketball.
It’s time to practice
FIRST MOVE.indd 7
Look at the picture and study the information. Then write affirmative comparisons.
a Anita / Albert / young Anita is younger than Albert. b Albert / Allan / tall c Anita / Albert / heavy d Allan / Anita / old 2
Unscramble the sentences. a is / where / coldest / the / place / Earth / on / ? b have / handbag / is / most / this / expensive / the / I / . c are / bears / than / more / dogs / dangerous / ? d extremely / he / music / interested / in / is / classical / . e Peterâ€™s / these / drumsticks / are / .
FIRST MOVE_abr-09.indd 8
4/23/09 5:09:32 PM
Two students described their last summer vacation. Use the Simple Past or the Past Continuous tense to complete their descriptions.
My friends and I
(go) camping for a week. When we
(get) there it
(rain). We couldn’t put up the tents. When the rain (stop) we
(call) our parents. Luckily, it
At night we
(invite) me to take a cruise with them. We (travel) to Cancun. It
(be) fun. I
(visit) beautiful beaches,
(eat) delicious food. I
(exercise – neg.).
(be) a surprise on the last night of the trip. My grandparents (play) cards and I
(sing) some of our favorite hits.
(light) a campfire. While we
noodles some people
(put up) and
(dance) at the nightclub when
(call) everybody to see the fireworks. It
(be) the perfect summer vacation! It’s time to practice
FIRST MOVE.indd 9
Changes in life
■ Look at the photos. Do you know her? ■ What sport does she practice?
LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT 1 2
Read the interview.
Reporter: Hello, everyone. Today I have the honor to be with the most famous Brazilian gymnast: Daiane dos Santos. Welcome. Thanks for coming! Daiane:
Thanks for the invitation. It’s very nice to be here.
Reporter: Tell us about the changes in your life. How was your life before you started practicing sports? Daiane:
Things really changed a lot. I started practicing gymnastics when I was 11. I used to practice at a club near my house. While my friends were playing, I was practicing. Then I was invited to practice at another club and I had to move to Curitiba, without my family. It was pretty hard because we’re very close and I missed them a lot. Nowadays I practice almost every day twice a day. It takes about five to seven hours. When I have competitions, I practice every day. I also have ballet classes.
Reporter: Did your parents support you? Daiane:
All the time. Sports have always been in our family. My mother used to play handball and she also practiced track and field. My father used to play soccer.
Reporter: What are your plans for the future? Daiane:
I’m going to graduate in Physical Education after I retire from competition. (Based on: www.educacional.com.br; cade.dir.yahoo.com)
Now complete the paragraph about Daiane. Daiane dos Santos is a famous Olympic gymnast. When she to
at a club near her house. Her childhood
to live in Porto Alegre but
she used different
she was practicing. She used to Curitiba without her family when she
UNIT 01.indd 10
Steve and Andrew are looking at some photos about sports. Read the dialogue, then practice. Use the cues given. a A: What did Daiane use to do? B: She used to practice gymnastics at a club. A: What does she do now? B: She practices gymnastics in Curitiba.
Daiane / practice gymnastics at a club / in Curitiba
Janet / go ice diving / do bungee jumping
William / go hang gliding / go rafting
George / practice rappelling / go scuba diving
Samantha / practice snowboarding / go body boarding
Complete the chart using the sports above. Water sports
Changes in life
UNIT 01.indd 11
FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 1
Study the examples below. Then complete the table. Thomas used to practice rappelling when he was 18. He’s 35 now and he doesn’t practice rappelling anymore. He practices bungee jumping.
A: Did you use to walk to school when you were a teen? B: Yes, I did.
Work it out We use used to to describe
Grammar bank 1A, page 90 2
Fill in the blanks with used to or didn’t use to and the verbs in parentheses. a Gabriel
used to play
b I c Sam d Helen gymnasium every day. e My friends 3
(play) soccer. Now he plays tennis. (eat – neg.) salad. It’s my favorite food now. (be) short when he was 11. He’s very tall now. (practice – neg.) sports. Now she goes to the (go) hang gliding. Now they do bungee jumping.
Go back to exercise 2 and turn the sentences into questions. a b c d e
UNIT 01.indd 12
Write sentences about what these people used to do and what they do now. Use verbs from the chart. live
BeyoncĂŠ Knowles Madonna used to live in the US. Now she lives in England.
What did you use to do when you were 10? a I used to be
b I used to watch
c I used to wear
d I used to play
. Changes in life
UNIT 01.indd 13
Bouncing Bouncing Back Back
Kimberley Joines used to practice snowboarding but in 2000 she broke her back jumping in the park and could never walk again. She started to take up sit-skiing and has been competing since then. She promotes her sport by motivating newly injured individuals to get involved. She is very active in her community through the Children’s Wheel Ability Camp. At home, in Edmonton, Canada, she works as an office manager of physical therapy, and is a business student at the University of Alberta. Although Curt Brinkman is in a wheel chair, he has a very successful career. He graduated in business, physiology and elementary education. After that, he decided to get a master’s degree in education leadership. Besides being a businessman, he’s also an athlete and a motivational speaker. He’s a five-time Paralympics Gold Medalist and a two-time World Marathon Record Holder. 14
UNIT 01.indd 14
What would be the other suitable title for this reading? a
The Paralympics Sports.
The difficult lives of handicapped people.
Match the words and expressions with their meanings. a to injure
b to take up
to get a degree from a university
c to graduate
to harm yourself or somebody else physically, often in an accident
We can infer from the text that: a
They fight prejudice and are successful.
They won’t be as successful as the others.
They don’t have equal opportunities.
Answer these questions. a Besides motivating newly injured individuals to get involved, what does Kimberly do?
b What would Clodoaldo like to do in the future?
Food for thought… Do you think everybody has the same opportunities in life?
Clodoaldo Silva was born in Natal, Brazil. He suffered cerebral paralysis by lack of oxygen at birth and started swimming as a rehabilitation process. In 2004 during the Paralympics Games in Athens he won six gold medals and one silver, and caught the attention of the media. He became a champion and was invited to be the Ambassador of the Pan-American Games in 2007, in Rio de Janeiro. For the future, the Paralympics Shark’s dreams are to graduate in Psychology and become a specialist in sports psychology. (Based on: www.paralympic.org; www.imno.org; wwwclodoaldosilva.com)
Changes in life
UNIT 01.indd 15
RECHARGE 1 GRAMMAR 1
Look at the pictures below and write two sentences. Use when and while. Follow the models. a Eric / take a picture / fall into a hole
Eric was taking a picture when he fell into a hole. While Eric was taking a photograph, he fell into a hole. b Sally and Lucy / have a picnic / start to rain
c Tim / play soccer / hurt his arm
d Peter / study / telephone ring
Andyâ€™s changed a lot. Observe the chart and write sentences about him. Follow the model. 5 years ago
wear contact lenses
eat junk food
eat healthy food
go to the gym every day
stay at home and watch TV
go to the movies
He used to play volleyball, but now he plays badminton.
RECHARGE 01.indd 28
Complete the dialogues according to the pictures. Accept or refuse the invitations. a
A: Would you like to go B: Sorry. I’d like to, but I’m going to go
A: B: Sorry.
c A: Would you like to go
B: Sure. I’d love too.
d A: B: Sure. I’d love too.
How was your routine when you were 11? Write a paragraph comparing your routine today to the one you had when you were 11.
Learning blog I know how to: talk about past habits. invite people to do things, and accept or refuse invitations. describe a sequence of activities.
Situational bank 1, page 100 Recharge 1
RECHARGE 01.indd 29
GRAMMAR BANK 1 A
Used to I You He She It We You They
have blond hair. live in New York. used to
exercise a lot. play soccer. have dinner out more often.
Negative: I didnâ€™t use to wake up at six everyday, but now I have to. Interrogative: Did you use to walk to school when you were a kid? Yes, I did. / No, I didnâ€™t.
Relative Pronouns Relative pronouns identify the person, thing, place, action, event, etc. we are talking about.
I met the teacher
who / that
helped me a lot last year.
They live in a house
which / that
was built one year ago.
This is the park
I exercise every day.
She saw the athlete
medal was on display.
Sequence Connectors We I She He
are going to have a snack am going to write this letter has to turn on the alarm is going to wash the car
when before after while
the game is over. I go out. she locks the door. we clean the house.
Grammar bank 1
Unscramble the sentences. a used to / the piano / play / Charles / .
b watch / Scott / didn’t use to / DVDs / .
c at the cafeteria / snacks / The students / didn’t use to / buy / .
d Carol / long hair / used to / have / .
e salad / didn’t use to / The kids / eat / but / now / favorite food / their / it’s / .
Write sentences using the correct relative pronoun. Use the cues given. Follow the model. a A park / place / we / can exercise A park is a place where we can exercise. b She / athlete / won / five medals
c That / sports book / cost / ten dollars
d He / man / son / a famous soccer player
These are Ana’s plans for the day. Complete the paragraph with when, while, before and after. I get up, I’m going to turn on the radio. I’m going to listen to it
I take a shower.
getting dressed, I’m going to have breakfast. leaving home, I have to feed the cat. I get to school, I’m going to ask Richard to give me a second chance. I really love him.
Grammar bank 1
1 Name 1
What’s the sport? Read the sentences and write the name of the sports in the boxes. bungee jumping body boarding scuba diving bowling hiking jogging snowboarding
a This sport is practiced with special oxygen equipment. b This other one is practiced with a rubber rope tied on the ankles. c Comfortable shoes and clothes are necessary to practice this outdoor sport. d A special boat is used to practice this sport, where the person sits and rows. e A small board, on which the person has to lie to wait for a wave, is used to practice this sport. f It is practiced on snow hills. g Special safe equipment is used to go down hills, buildings, bridges, etc. 2
Read about Ann’s life nowadays. Compare the pictures and write about the time when she was 8 years old. Nowadays Ann wears dark colors and sandals all the time. She loves chicken, vegetables and orange juice. Her hair is long and she doesn‘t have blond hair anymore. When she was 8 she used to
at the age of 8 Workbook
WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 105
What about you? Write about yourself. What were you like when you were 8? What did you use to do then? You can write about sports, music or other things.
Unscramble the underlined part of the sentences. a I used to go shopping every weekend, now / money / I / have / but / any more / donâ€™t / ! I used to go shopping every weekend, but now I donâ€™t have any more money b When my sister was young used to / long / she / black / have / curly / hair / . When my sister was young she c Jeffrey used to practice dangerous sports, last / accident / year / but / he / an / had / . Jeffrey used to practice dangerous sports, d Carol used to have difficulties with Math at school, but / grades / she / now / gets / only / good / . Carol used to have difficulties with Math at school, e My family used to travel a lot moved / we / New York / before / to / . My family used to travel a lot
End the sentences from exercise 4 in a different way. Follow the model. a I used to go shopping every weekend, but I got tired of going to the same malls. b When my sister was young c Jeffrey used to practice dangerous sports, d Carol used to have difficulties with Math at school, e My family used to travel a lot
WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 106
benefit (p 21) besides (p 16)
a bit (p 26)
big hit (p 80)
aboard (p 6)
biology (p 38)
abroad (p 34)
birth (p 14)
accomplishment (p 86)
blackout (p 56)
action (p 77)
bloodshot (p 98)
activist (p 40)
bloody (p 98)
adapting (p 20)
body boarding (p 11)
advantage (p 21)
bottle (p 47)
advice (p 32)
bounce back (p 14)
against (p 54)
bowl of water (p 35)
agency (p 20)
brutal (p 40)
agriculture (p 40)
build up (p 36)
alcohol (p 46)
bungee jumping (p 11)
alike (p 86)
bunny (p 63)
allergy (p 32)
business (p 38)
although (p 15)
businessman (p 15)
amazing (p 16) argue (p 22) around (p 19)
as well as (p 47)
camping (p 9)
astonishing (p 86)
campfire (p 9)
attend (p 17)
captain (p 9)
audience (p 80)
carbon (p 36)
available (p 42)
carpet (p 55)
average (p 46)
catch on (p 86)
award (p 74)
catholic (p 40)
awhile (p 99)
cattle (p 47) ceiling (p 99)
cerebral (p 14) ceremony (p 80)
backache (p 32)
championship (p 18)
badminton (p 17)
charity (p 71)
bark (p 54)
cheek (p 35)
beauty parlor (p 66)
cheerful (p 54)
behave (p 34)
chick (p 63)
beloved (p 50)
cigarette (p 47) Glossary