Editoras: Ana Rita de S. CorrĂŞa
front Must 3_abril/2011.indd 1
3/31/11 1:05 PM
MUST 3_INICIAIS.indd 3
You were taller than me… not anymore!
What else has changed?
What a wonderful world
I visited Mexico
What an experience!
Shame on you!
What was going on?
What a scene!
You should go!
I have a band
Did you know that?
Grammar bank 1
Grammar reference Units 1 – 3
Grammar bank 2
Grammar reference Units 4 – 6
Grammar bank 3
Grammar reference Units 7 – 9
Grammar bank 4
Grammar reference Units 10 – 12
Song bank 1
Song bank 2
Situational bank 1
Language functions Units 1 – 3
Situational bank 2
Language functions Units 4 – 6
Situational bank 3
Language functions Units 7 – 9
Situational bank 4
Language functions Units 10 – 12
Listen to the photostory. Then do the exercises.
Look at those sneakers! I think I’m gonna buy them.
They’re cool. But we don’t have much time now. The movie is about to start.
■ Where do you hang out with your friends? ■ What kind of movies do you like? Wow, I can’t believe my eyes. Those guys are so cute. They look like movie stars! You mean… Dave and Gary? They’re our classmates, Tomiko!
You girls, follow me. Let’s talk to them.
Read the photostory again. Write True (T) or False (F). Correct the false sentences. a The two boys are looking for sneakers.
b Judy and Alice are Dave and Gary’s classmates.
c Tomiko thinks the boys are cute.
d Everybody is going to the movies.
e They’re going to watch a love story.
FIRST MOVE.indd 6
Hey! What a surprise. What are you doing here?
Nice to meet you.
Hi, guys. Whatâ€™s up?
Gary and I are gonna see a movie. Do you wanna join us? What kind of movie are you watching?
Just hanging out. This is my friend Tomiko.
Yeah. Why not?
A comedy. We love comedies.
What do you do when you are with your friends? swim
stay at home
chat on MSN
go to the movies
go to parties
listen to music
go to malls
go to museums
talk on the phone
Whatâ€™s your favorite activity?
Choose three activities from exercise 1 and write sentences. a b c
FIRST MOVE.indd 7
Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs below. You can use the verbs more than once. play (neg) be
going out. She always out with Alice. They
at malls. They
Keep in mind
really good friends.
many things in common.
My friends don’t study Spanish.
in the same neighborhood,
I have tennis practice in the morning.
the same rock group and at the same school. But only Judy Alice
Paul listens to music every day. My sister doesn’t play any sports.
What are they doing? Match the activities with the pictures and write sentences.
Keep in mind What are you doing now? I’m studying English.
a talk on the phone
d listen to music
c watch TV
FIRST MOVE.indd 8
Answer the questions. a What are you going to do after class?
b Is your best friend going to visit you tonight?
c Who is going to take you to school tomorrow?
Keep in mind Mary is going to meet me at the club tonight.
d When are you going to have your first English test?
e Where are you going to celebrate your birthday this year?
My parents are not going to travel next week.
Unscramble the sentences to make a dialogue.
Dave: (you / weekend / are / what / this / doing / ?) Gary: Nothing much. (you / how / about / ?) Dave: Iâ€™m studying. (on / test / Math / a / I / have / Monday / .) Gary: Do you need any help? Dave: Not really.
Thanks anyway. (me / is / Dad / going / my / help / to / .)
FIRST MOVE.indd 9
You were taller than me… not anymore!
1 W AR
■ Do you remember when you were younger? ■ Were you very different from now?
LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT 3
Read the dialogue. Then listen.
Matt: Hi, Chris. Long time no see. Chris: Yeah. I’m happy to see you again. You look different. Matt: I think we both do. You were taller than me... not anymore! Chris: Of course not. We were in elementary school the last time we saw each other. Matt: You’re right. It seems like yesterday. I remember your hair was darker and longer. Chris: Yeah. And school life was different too. Matt: Tests were easier... Chris: That I remember pretty well. Matt: Nowadays we have to study harder to get good grades. Chris: Tell me about it!
UNIT 01.indd 10
Match the sentences. a Chris and Matt…
the boys have to study harder.
were easier in those days.
c School activities…
happy to see each other.
d Nowadays in order to get good grades…
was taller than Matt.
e The boys are…
were different in elementary school.
PRACTICE 1 4
Listen to the dialogue. Then practice. a hair / 10 / darker
A: What was your hair like when you were 10? B: It was darker.
school / a kid / easier
city / 7 / cleaner
brother / 5 / shorter
house / a baby / smaller
Think of two friends and write their names in the circles below. Choose adjectives from the list that best describe them. Complete the diagrams. Use a dictionary if needed. cool friendly easygoing talkative outgoing lazy hardworking tall
mother / in elementary school / younger
funny pretty helpful shy talented cheerful boring
Using the information in exercise 2 write, in your notebook, three sentences about your friends. You were taller than me... not anymore!
UNIT 01.indd 11
FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 1
Study the situations to complete the table.
My hair was shorter when I was 5.
We were in elementary school the last time we saw each other.
Work it out Use
to talk about physical characteristics and Past Conditions.
Grammar bank 1A, page 90 2
Circle the correct alternative. Patty: How was / were your weekend? Julie: It was / were OK. Patty: Was / Were you at home? Julie: No, I was / were at Matt’s house studying for a test. Patty: That’s why I couldn’t reach you. Julie: What about you? Was / Were you busy? Patty: Guess what? I was / were at home studying for the same test.
Use the cues to make sentences. Follow the model. a Caroline / at school / yesterday / . Caroline was at school yesterday. b you / at the library / two hours ago / ?
c Jason and Patty / excited / about their wedding party / .
d The students / not tired / after the trip to the museum / .
e Barb / sad / at Theresa’s birthday party / ?
UNIT 01.indd 12
Observe the examples. Then complete the table.
You were taller than me when we were in elementary school.
I remember your hair was darker and longer.
Work it out To compare people, places and things we can use
in short adjectives.
Grammar bank 1B, page 90
Alex, Maggie, Cynthia and Andy are classmates. Look at the chart. Then write sentences using the comparative of the adjectives in parentheses. Follow the model.
a Maggie / Alex (tall) Maggie is taller than Alex. b Cynthia / Alex (old) c Cynthia / Maggie (heavy) d Maggie / Andy (young)
Keep in mind dr y â€“ dr ier big â€“ big ger
e Alex / Andy (thin) You were taller than me... not anymore!
UNIT 01.indd 13
Are you interested in fashion? The 19th century Uncomfortable garments, incredibly tight corsets and huge skirts were in fashion. These pieces of clothing were so tight that women couldn’t sit down or eat.
The 20th century The 60’s
Mini skirts were trendy and were shorter than those from the 50’s. Boys wore tighter pants and very short hair.
Fashion was influenced by idols including Elvis Presley and James Dean. Boys wore black leather jackets and jeans. Girls wore circular or pleated skirts.
Clothes became brighter and more colorful.
High heels were a must. Jeans became mandatory for young people.
The 90’s Fashion became more democratic. It was more and more common to see people wearing neutral colors, trench coats and a lot of black clothes. Accessories, zippers and buckles that shape the body were in. Turtlenecks and glasses gave a heavy look in a world where survival was the main concern.
The 21st century Fibers and intelligent cloths transform fashion and the way people get dressed. Chemists and stylists meet and try to design an elegant world in which being comfortable and practical pleases modern people.
UNIT 01.indd 14
Read the sentences and guess the meaning of the words in italics. a “… tight corsets and huge skirts were in fashion.” in two or more pieces close against your body not firmly fixed in position b “Mini skirts were trendy and shorter than those from the 50’s.” old on sale in fashion c “Jeans became mandatory for young people.” optional voluntary ordered by a rule d “Accessories, zippers and buckles that shape the body were in.” give form to contrast mark e ”… being comfortable and practical pleases modern people.” satisfy irritate bother
Read the text again and answer the questions. a Why couldn’t women sit down comfortably or eat in the 18th century?
b When were high heels in fashion?
c What colors were trendy in the 90’s?
d What’s the main concern of fashion nowadays?
Food for thought... How do you dress on your every day life? Do you make it a point to dress like your friends? Are you a fashion slave?
You were taller than me... not anymore!
UNIT 01.indd 15
RECHARGE 1 GRAMMAR 1
Unscramble the words to make questions. Then match questions and answers. a
It was on Sep 11th, 2001.
No, I wasn’t.
No, they weren’t.
He was born in the US.
Elvis Presley / where / was / born b the / was / when / terrorist / in / attack / New York c in / mini skirts / popular / were / the / 50’s d last / night / you / at / home / were 2
Make sentences comparing the cities. a Hong Kong / crowded / Washington
b Paris / sophisticated / Manaus
c life in Brasília / expensive / life in Ouro Preto
d New York / noisy / Porto Seguro
Complete Fernanda’s comments about her American school. Use the words from the box.
there wasn’t there was there were there were there was
I remember that time… This was my school in the United States. My school was big and very modern. 2,000 students.
about a library and
lots of magazines and books to read.
a computer room
and a cafeteria, too.
auditorium. I was very happy there. 28
RECHARGE 1.indd 28
Find the words in the chart. aggressive flood
D W O
W G M D
drought helpful shy
earthquake tall thunderstorm
Now write them under the correct place. Natural disasters
Choose one word from each category and write sentences.
Our planet is our home. Letâ€™s take care of it. Write a paragraph describing simple actions you and your friends can take in order to protect our planet.
Learning blog I know how to: talk about where people were in the past. describe how places and people were in the past. make comparisons.
Situational bank 1, page 101
RECHARGE 1_abr-09.indd 29
4/23/09 4:29:47 PM
GRAMMAR BANK 1 A
To Be – Simple Past Affirmative
was not happy. I tired? was nervous. Was (wasn’t) he / she / it He / She / It
were not late. (weren’t)
you Were we OK? they
I was. he / she / it
I wasn’t. he / she / it
you Yes, we they
you No, we they
Comparative form of Adjectives Short adjectives Comparative One syllable ending in a vowel: + r............... One syllable ending in a consonant: + er...... Two syllables ending in y: –y + ier ................ Exceptions:..............................good – better
nice cheap heavy
........................................... nicer than .......................................cheaper than ........................................heavier than ........................................ bad – worse
Long adjectives Two or more syllables ................................... beautiful ............................ more beautiful than
There to Be – Simple Past Singular
There was a river in the map. There was not / wasn’t pollution in the area. Was there a tsunami in Asia?
There were animals in danger. There were not / weren’t any problems in the city. Were there floods in South America?
Grammar bank 1
Fill in the gaps with was or were. Then answer the questions with the names in the box. Walt Disney a He Who b He Who c He
Leonardo da Vinci
an artist and a film producer. He
the creator of Mickey Mouse.
this famous person? an Italian painter. He
born in 1452. He painted the Mona Lisa.
he? born in 1935. He
a truck driver before being famous. the king of rock-and-roll. Who
Use the cues and the comparative form of the adjectives to make sentences. a Tom / short / Brad
b Disneyland / small / Disneyworld
c Last year / cold / this year
d Some magazines / good / newspapers
Read the dialogue and choose the adequate words to complete it. Jason: Where were you last Friday at 10 pm? John: I was / were at Disco B52. There was / There were a show there at that night. Jason: Who was / were with you? John: My friends was / were with me. Jason: Your friends? But B52 were / was closed that night. John: Gee! Iâ€™m in trouble.
Grammar bank 1
1 Name 1
Which adjectives describe physical characteristics? Which describe personality? Put the adjectives under the correct column. cool shy
old pretty strict tall
Look at the pictures to complete the sentences. Use the comparative form of adjectives in the box. cool
a Donnaâ€™s hair is
b Flipper is
c Grace is
d Samantha is
e Mom is
WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 105
Check (âœ“) the sentence that doesnâ€™t have any mistakes. a
Last night was more hot than tonight. Last night was hotter than tonight.
My sister is lazier than my brother. My sister is lazyer than my brother.
This classroom is cleaner that the auditorium. This classroom is cleaner than the auditorium.
This exercise is easier than the last one. This exercise is easy than the last one.
My English teacher is younger than my History teacher. My English teacher is younger my History teacher.
Complete the sentences. Make true sentences using the past form of to be. a My parents b I c My best friend d I
home yesterday morning. at school yesterday morning. in my house last Saturday. on the phone with a friend last night.
e My mother and father f My family and I 5
at work on Friday afternoon. in the United States last vacations.
Unscramble the words to make questions. a at / mother / Was / work / yesterday morning / your / ?
b at / movies / the / Were / yesterday afternoon / you / ?
c on / Saturday morning / sister / was / Where / your / ?
d Friday afternoon / last / were / Where / you /?
e and / your / friend / last / night / on the phone / Were / you / ?
WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 106
baroque church (p 20) bassist (p 80)
acceptable (p 46) accessory (p 14) actually (p 26)
be tied (p 62) bear (p 42) beats me (p 62)
aggressive (p17) beautiful (p 19) ago (p 26) belong (p 78) alarming (p 22) better (p 54) albatross (p 46) bill (p 50) amazing (p 34) ambulance ( p 62) ancient (p 34) anthropology (p 36) appetizing (p 18)
biological (p 66) bird watching (p 46) bit (p 64) black rhino (p 46)
appreciate (p 20)
blanket (p 43)
architectural (p 20)
blue whale (p 31)
armchairs (p 18)
bookmarker (p 37)
artefact (p 34)
bother (p 61)
attach (p 39)
bottle (p 26)
avoid (p 42)
breathtaking (p 36) bricklayer (p 66) buckle (p 14)
buddy (p 62)
backdrop (p 86)
bundled up (p 100)
backstage (p 86)
burn (p 65)
ballooning (p 34)
bush (p 35) Glossary