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Editoras: Ana Rita de S. CorrĂŞa

front Must 3_abril/2011.indd 1

Gisele Aga

3/31/11 1:05 PM


CONTENTS

MUST 3_INICIAIS.indd 3

First move

Welcome back

06

Unit 1

You were taller than me… not anymore!

10

Unit 2

Where’s Fernanda?

16

Unit 3

What else has changed?

22

Recharge 1

28

Unit 4

What a wonderful world

30

Unit 5

I visited Mexico

36

Unit 6

What an experience!

42

Recharge 2

48

Unit 7

Shame on you!

50

Unit 8

What was going on?

56

Unit 9

What a scene!

62

Recharge 3

68

Unit 10

You should go!

70

Unit 11

I have a band

76

Unit 12

Did you know that?

82

Recharge 4

88

Grammar bank 1

Grammar reference Units 1 – 3

90

Grammar bank 2

Grammar reference Units 4 – 6

92

Grammar bank 3

Grammar reference Units 7 – 9

94

Grammar bank 4

Grammar reference Units 10 – 12

96

Song bank 1

Upside down

98

Song bank 2

All star

100

Situational bank 1

Language functions Units 1 – 3

101

Situational bank 2

Language functions Units 4 – 6

102

Situational bank 3

Language functions Units 7 – 9

103

Situational bank 4

Language functions Units 10 – 12

104

Workbook

105

Glossary

129

Irregular verbs

136

22.05.07 11:28:28


UP

FIRST MOVE

1

2

M

Welcome back

W AR

Listen to the photostory. Then do the exercises.

Look at those sneakers! I think I’m gonna buy them.

They’re cool. But we don’t have much time now. The movie is about to start.

1

■ Where do you hang out with your friends? ■ What kind of movies do you like? Wow, I can’t believe my eyes. Those guys are so cute. They look like movie stars! You mean… Dave and Gary? They’re our classmates, Tomiko!

2

You girls, follow me. Let’s talk to them.

COMPREHENSION 1

Read the photostory again. Write True (T) or False (F). Correct the false sentences. a The two boys are looking for sneakers.

b Judy and Alice are Dave and Gary’s classmates.

c Tomiko thinks the boys are cute.

d Everybody is going to the movies.

e They’re going to watch a love story.

6

First move

FIRST MOVE.indd 6

23.05.07 09:30:22


Hey! What a surprise. What are you doing here?

3

Nice to meet you.

Hi, guys. What’s up?

Gary and I are gonna see a movie. Do you wanna join us? What kind of movie are you watching?

Just hanging out. This is my friend Tomiko.

4

Yeah. Why not?

A comedy. We love comedies.

VOCABULARY 1

What do you do when you are with your friends? swim

stay at home

sunbathe

talk

play sports

chat on MSN

go to the movies

go to parties

listen to music

travel

go to malls

go to museums

watch TV

study

read

talk on the phone

What’s your favorite activity?

2

Choose three activities from exercise 1 and write sentences. a b c

Welcome back

FIRST MOVE.indd 7

7

22.05.07 11:31:05


LANGUAGE 1

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs below. You can use the verbs more than once. play (neg) be

Judy

live

love

study

have

go

visit

play

hang out

going out. She always out with Alice. They

the movies,

to

friends and

at malls. They

Keep in mind

really good friends.

They

many things in common.

My friends don’t study Spanish.

They

in the same neighborhood,

I have tennis practice in the morning.

the same rock group and at the same school. But only Judy Alice

2

sports.

any.

Paul listens to music every day. My sister doesn’t play any sports.

What are they doing? Match the activities with the pictures and write sentences.

Keep in mind What are you doing now? I’m studying English.

a talk on the phone

d listen to music

b swim

e read

c watch TV

8

First move

FIRST MOVE.indd 8

22.05.07 11:31:15


3

Answer the questions. a What are you going to do after class?

b Is your best friend going to visit you tonight?

c Who is going to take you to school tomorrow?

Keep in mind Mary is going to meet me at the club tonight.

d When are you going to have your first English test?

e Where are you going to celebrate your birthday this year?

4

My parents are not going to travel next week.

Unscramble the sentences to make a dialogue.

Dave: (you / weekend / are / what / this / doing / ?) Gary: Nothing much. (you / how / about / ?) Dave: I’m studying. (on / test / Math / a / I / have / Monday / .) Gary: Do you need any help? Dave: Not really.

Thanks anyway. (me / is / Dad / going / my / help / to / .)

Welcome back

FIRST MOVE.indd 9

9

22.05.07 11:31:18


UP

You were taller than me… not anymore!

M

UNIT

1 W AR

■ Do you remember when you were younger? ■ Were you very different from now?

LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT 3

1

Read the dialogue. Then listen.

Matt: Hi, Chris. Long time no see. Chris: Yeah. I’m happy to see you again. You look different. Matt: I think we both do. You were taller than me... not anymore! Chris: Of course not. We were in elementary school the last time we saw each other. Matt: You’re right. It seems like yesterday. I remember your hair was darker and longer. Chris: Yeah. And school life was different too. Matt: Tests were easier... Chris: That I remember pretty well. Matt: Nowadays we have to study harder to get good grades. Chris: Tell me about it!

2

10

UNIT 01.indd 10

Match the sentences. a Chris and Matt…

the boys have to study harder.

b Chris…

were easier in those days.

c School activities…

happy to see each other.

d Nowadays in order to get good grades…

was taller than Matt.

e The boys are…

were different in elementary school.

Unit 1

22.05.07 11:34:06


PRACTICE 1 4

Listen to the dialogue. Then practice. a hair / 10 / darker

A: What was your hair like when you were 10? B: It was darker.

b

c

school / a kid / easier

city / 7 / cleaner

f

e

brother / 5 / shorter

2

d

house / a baby / smaller

Think of two friends and write their names in the circles below. Choose adjectives from the list that best describe them. Complete the diagrams. Use a dictionary if needed. cool friendly easygoing talkative outgoing lazy hardworking tall

3

mother / in elementary school / younger

funny pretty helpful shy talented cheerful boring

Using the information in exercise 2 write, in your notebook, three sentences about your friends. You were taller than me... not anymore!

UNIT 01.indd 11

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29.06.07 17:50:54


FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 1

Study the situations to complete the table.

My hair was shorter when I was 5.

We were in elementary school the last time we saw each other.

Work it out Use

/

to talk about physical characteristics and Past Conditions.

Grammar bank 1A, page 90 2

Circle the correct alternative. Patty: How was / were your weekend? Julie: It was / were OK. Patty: Was / Were you at home? Julie: No, I was / were at Matt’s house studying for a test. Patty: That’s why I couldn’t reach you. Julie: What about you? Was / Were you busy? Patty: Guess what? I was / were at home studying for the same test.

3

Use the cues to make sentences. Follow the model. a Caroline / at school / yesterday / . Caroline was at school yesterday. b you / at the library / two hours ago / ?

c Jason and Patty / excited / about their wedding party / .

d The students / not tired / after the trip to the museum / .

e Barb / sad / at Theresa’s birthday party / ?

12

UNIT 01.indd 12

Unit 1

22.05.07 11:34:22


4

Observe the examples. Then complete the table.

You were taller than me when we were in elementary school.

I remember your hair was darker and longer.

Work it out To compare people, places and things we can use

in short adjectives.

Grammar bank 1B, page 90

5

Alex, Maggie, Cynthia and Andy are classmates. Look at the chart. Then write sentences using the comparative of the adjectives in parentheses. Follow the model.

Alex

Maggie

Cynthia

Andy

12

12

13

14

height

1.50 m

1.60 m

1.70 m

1.72 m

weight

45 kg

48 kg

50 kg

60 kg

age

a Maggie / Alex (tall) Maggie is taller than Alex. b Cynthia / Alex (old) c Cynthia / Maggie (heavy) d Maggie / Andy (young)

Keep in mind dr y – dr ier big – big ger

e Alex / Andy (thin) You were taller than me... not anymore!

UNIT 01.indd 13

13

29.06.07 17:51:24


READING 5

Are you interested in fashion? The 19th century Uncomfortable garments, incredibly tight corsets and huge skirts were in fashion. These pieces of clothing were so tight that women couldn’t sit down or eat.

The 20th century The 60’s

The 50’s

Mini skirts were trendy and were shorter than those from the 50’s. Boys wore tighter pants and very short hair.

Fashion was influenced by idols including Elvis Presley and James Dean. Boys wore black leather jackets and jeans. Girls wore circular or pleated skirts.

The 70’s

The 80’s

Clothes became brighter and more colorful.

High heels were a must. Jeans became mandatory for young people.

The 90’s Fashion became more democratic. It was more and more common to see people wearing neutral colors, trench coats and a lot of black clothes. Accessories, zippers and buckles that shape the body were in. Turtlenecks and glasses gave a heavy look in a world where survival was the main concern.

The 21st century Fibers and intelligent cloths transform fashion and the way people get dressed. Chemists and stylists meet and try to design an elegant world in which being comfortable and practical pleases modern people.

14

UNIT 01.indd 14

Unit 1

22.05.07 11:34:40


1

Read the sentences and guess the meaning of the words in italics. a “… tight corsets and huge skirts were in fashion.” in two or more pieces close against your body not firmly fixed in position b “Mini skirts were trendy and shorter than those from the 50’s.” old on sale in fashion c “Jeans became mandatory for young people.” optional voluntary ordered by a rule d “Accessories, zippers and buckles that shape the body were in.” give form to contrast mark e ”… being comfortable and practical pleases modern people.” satisfy irritate bother

2

Read the text again and answer the questions. a Why couldn’t women sit down comfortably or eat in the 18th century?

b When were high heels in fashion?

c What colors were trendy in the 90’s?

d What’s the main concern of fashion nowadays?

3

Food for thought... How do you dress on your every day life? Do you make it a point to dress like your friends? Are you a fashion slave?

You were taller than me... not anymore!

UNIT 01.indd 15

15

23.05.07 10:02:26


RECHARGE 1 GRAMMAR 1

Unscramble the words to make questions. Then match questions and answers. a

?

It was on Sep 11th, 2001.

?

No, I wasn’t.

?

No, they weren’t.

?

He was born in the US.

Elvis Presley / where / was / born b the / was / when / terrorist / in / attack / New York c in / mini skirts / popular / were / the / 50’s d last / night / you / at / home / were 2

Make sentences comparing the cities. a Hong Kong / crowded / Washington

b Paris / sophisticated / Manaus

c life in Brasília / expensive / life in Ouro Preto

d New York / noisy / Porto Seguro

3

Complete Fernanda’s comments about her American school. Use the words from the box.

there wasn’t there was there were there were there was

I remember that time… This was my school in the United States. My school was big and very modern. 2,000 students.

about a library and

lots of magazines and books to read.

a computer room

and a cafeteria, too.

an

auditorium. I was very happy there. 28

Recharge 1

RECHARGE 1.indd 28

23.05.07 09:46:34


VOCABULARY 1

Find the words in the chart. aggressive flood

boring friendly

charming funny

H

E

L

P

F

U

L

X

A

F

T

L

T

A

D

U

L

V

B

R

G

L

H

E

C

R

B

I

O

N

P

R

G

U

U

N

I

T

V

G

O

F

E

U

R

K

N

Q

Q

H

U

D

D

G

J

B

E

X

D

K

J

Q

P

L

F

D W O

S

L

E

A

O

U

L

C

Y

L

N

R

S

I

R

F

X

A

E

G

S

S

E

I

I

E

S

R

T

K

N

L

E

M R

N

V

I

T

I

I

E

A

I

Q

S

O

G

E

V

O

E

D

R

O

U

G

H

T

P

A

O

R

N

L

F

U

N

N

Y

E

T

W G M D

A

Y

K

L

G

H

O

U

T

K

I

L

Z

G

N

I

M R

A

H

C

B

X

Y

drought helpful shy

earthquake tall thunderstorm

Now write them under the correct place. Natural disasters

Adjectives

Choose one word from each category and write sentences.

WRITING 1

Our planet is our home. Let’s take care of it. Write a paragraph describing simple actions you and your friends can take in order to protect our planet.

Learning blog I know how to: talk about where people were in the past. describe how places and people were in the past. make comparisons.

Situational bank 1, page 101

Recharge 1

RECHARGE 1_abr-09.indd 29

29

4/23/09 4:29:47 PM


GRAMMAR BANK 1 A

To Be – Simple Past Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I

Short answers

was not happy. I tired? was nervous. Was (wasn’t) he / she / it He / She / It

You We

were busy.

were not late. (weren’t)

They

B

you Were we OK? they

Yes,

I was. he / she / it

No,

I wasn’t. he / she / it

you Yes, we they

were.

you No, we they

weren’t.

Comparative form of Adjectives Short adjectives Comparative One syllable ending in a vowel: + r............... One syllable ending in a consonant: + er...... Two syllables ending in y: –y + ier ................ Exceptions:..............................good – better

nice cheap heavy

........................................... nicer than .......................................cheaper than ........................................heavier than ........................................ bad – worse

Long adjectives Two or more syllables ................................... beautiful ............................ more beautiful than

C

90

There to Be – Simple Past Singular

Plural

There was a river in the map. There was not / wasn’t pollution in the area. Was there a tsunami in Asia?

There were animals in danger. There were not / weren’t any problems in the city. Were there floods in South America?

Grammar bank 1

GRAMMAR.indd 90

22.05.07 13:40:42


Fill in the gaps with was or were. Then answer the questions with the names in the box. Walt Disney a He Who b He Who c He

Elvis Presley

Leonardo da Vinci

an artist and a film producer. He

the creator of Mickey Mouse.

this famous person? an Italian painter. He

born in 1452. He painted the Mona Lisa.

he? born in 1935. He

His songs

hits. He

a truck driver before being famous. the king of rock-and-roll. Who

this

famous singer?

Use the cues and the comparative form of the adjectives to make sentences. a Tom / short / Brad

b Disneyland / small / Disneyworld

c Last year / cold / this year

d Some magazines / good / newspapers

Read the dialogue and choose the adequate words to complete it. Jason: Where were you last Friday at 10 pm? John: I was / were at Disco B52. There was / There were a show there at that night. Jason: Who was / were with you? John: My friends was / were with me. Jason: Your friends? But B52 were / was closed that night. John: Gee! I’m in trouble.

Grammar bank 1

GRAMMAR.indd 91

91

29.06.07 17:58:41


WORKBOOK

1 Name 1

Class

Which adjectives describe physical characteristics? Which describe personality? Put the adjectives under the correct column. cool shy

funny small

lazy smart

old pretty strict tall

Physical

2

short thin

Personality

Look at the pictures to complete the sentences. Use the comparative form of adjectives in the box. cool

pretty

short

smart

a Donna’s hair is

b Flipper is

Sarah’s.

Hulk.

c Grace is

Robert.

Endora.

d Samantha is

e Mom is

thin

Dad.

Workbook

WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 105

105

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3

Check (✓) the sentence that doesn’t have any mistakes. a

Last night was more hot than tonight. Last night was hotter than tonight.

b

My sister is lazier than my brother. My sister is lazyer than my brother.

c

This classroom is cleaner that the auditorium. This classroom is cleaner than the auditorium.

d

This exercise is easier than the last one. This exercise is easy than the last one.

e

My English teacher is younger than my History teacher. My English teacher is younger my History teacher.

4

Complete the sentences. Make true sentences using the past form of to be. a My parents b I c My best friend d I

home yesterday morning. at school yesterday morning. in my house last Saturday. on the phone with a friend last night.

e My mother and father f My family and I 5

at work on Friday afternoon. in the United States last vacations.

Unscramble the words to make questions. a at / mother / Was / work / yesterday morning / your / ?

b at / movies / the / Were / yesterday afternoon / you / ?

c on / Saturday morning / sister / was / Where / your / ?

d Friday afternoon / last / were / Where / you /?

e and / your / friend / last / night / on the phone / Were / you / ?

106

Unit 1

WORKBOOK 1a6.indd 106

24.05.07 15:00:10


GLOSSARY A

baroque church (p 20) bassist (p 80)

acceptable (p 46) accessory (p 14) actually (p 26)

be tied (p 62) bear (p 42) beats me (p 62)

aggressive (p17) beautiful (p 19) ago (p 26) belong (p 78) alarming (p 22) better (p 54) albatross (p 46) bill (p 50) amazing (p 34) ambulance ( p 62) ancient (p 34) anthropology (p 36) appetizing (p 18)

biological (p 66) bird watching (p 46) bit (p 64) black rhino (p 46)

appreciate (p 20)

blanket (p 43)

architectural (p 20)

blue whale (p 31)

armchairs (p 18)

bookmarker (p 37)

artefact (p 34)

bother (p 61)

attach (p 39)

bottle (p 26)

avoid (p 42)

breathtaking (p 36) bricklayer (p 66) buckle (p 14)

B

buddy (p 62)

backdrop (p 86)

bundled up (p 100)

backstage (p 86)

burn (p 65)

ballooning (p 34)

bush (p 35) Glossary

GLOSSARY.indd 129

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22.05.07 14:42:18


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