Analuiza Rocha // Zuleica Ferrari
HIGHLIGHTS Sugerido para o 9o ano do Ensino Fundamental de nove anos
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Portugal track 2 In the Portuguese city of Barcelos a judge wrongly condemned a Galician pilgrim to hang. At the judge’s house, the pilgrim saw a cooked rooster on the dinner table and said, “As surely as I am innocent will that rooster sing.” Miraculously, the rooster sang and the pilgrim was saved. The rooster is now a symbol of Portugal.
THE UNITED STATES
In these countries, English is spoken as an official language. NOTE: The other countries named are the ones mentioned in this book.
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Countries & Cultures
Switzerland track 3 Switzerland has four ofﬁcial languages. German is spoken by 64% of the population, French by 20%, and Italian by 7%. The fourth language, Romansh, is spoken by close to 50,000 people in the eastern part of the country.
Russia track 4 People in Russia are famously superstitious. Before leaving on a long journey, Russians will often sit for a moment in silence. And nobody will clean a traveler's room or things until the traveler returns home.
South Korea track 5 Some South Koreans believe dog meat is good for the health. Although eating dogs is now illegal in the country, a few older people still prepare meals from dog meat – especially during three annual “dog days” that fall at the beginning, middle, and end of the South Korean summer.
Saudi Arabia track 7 In Saudi Arabia, girls and boys only study together until they are about 12 years old. After that, young men and women go to separate schools and universities.
Nepal track 6 Mount Everest is the world’s highest mountain at 8,848 meters. It is part of the Himalayas and stands at the border of Tibet and Nepal. Because of its high altitude, Mount Everest remains topped with ice all year long.
MAPA MERAMENTE ILUSTRATIVO
SOUTH AFRICA AUSTRALIA
Tibet track 8 Tibet is known as the “roof of the world.” The region’s snowcovered mountains have an average elevation of 4,875 meters. The region’s most famous mountain range is the Himalayas.
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A Piece of Chocolate Cake, Please! Ricky: Waiter, may I see the menu, please? Waiter: Here you are. Ricky: What would you like to have, Deborah? Deborah: Uh… I’m on a diet… so I’d like something light. Ricky: A salad, perhaps? Deborah: No, thanks. I think I’ll have chicken noodle soup. What about you? Ricky: I guess I’ll have a cheeseburger and some French fries. Deborah: Oh, no, Ricky. Not junk food again! Ricky: Just today, honey. Waiter! Waiter: Yes? Are you ready to order? Ricky: We’d like chicken noodle soup, a cheeseburger, and some French fries. Waiter: OK. Would you like a salad, too? Ricky: Uh… Yes, a mixed salad, please. Waiter: Anything to drink? Deborah: Mineral water, please. Ricky: A lemonade for me, please. Waiter: All right. Later... Deborah: Would you like some dessert, Ricky? Ricky: No, I don’t think so. What about you? Deborah: Yes… a piece of chocolate cake. Ricky: Wait... you are on a diet, aren’t you? Deborah: I was… half an hour ago!
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Kinds of Food
Junk food Sweets
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read the dialogue on page 17 and write r (ricky) or d (deborah) in parentheses according to the items they ordered at the restaurant.
) a mixed salad
) a cheeseburger
) chocolate cake
) mineral water
) a lemonade
) some French fries
) chicken noodle soup
look at exercise a and write the items under their respective labels. Healthy food
What did the people in the dialogue say? Check ( ) the correct alternative. 1 Deborah said: a (
) “I’m on a diet… so I’d like something greasy.”
) “I’m on a diet… so I’d like something light.”
2 Ricky said: a (
) “I’ll have a cheeseburger and some French fries.”
) “I’ll have a hamburger and some French fries.”
3 Ricky said: a (
) “We’d like chicken noodle soup, a cheeseburger, and some French fries.”
) “We’d like chicken noodle soup, a hamburger, and some French fries.”
4 The waiter said: a (
) “Would you like some soup, too?”
) “Would you like a salad, too?”
5 Deborah said: a (
) “Yes... a piece of chocolate cake.”
) “Yes... some chocolate ice cream.”
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Cindy went shopping this morning. What did she bring home? Write the names of the items in the correct columns. then complete the sentences. use There to be.
useful tip Countable nouns There are a lot of / some apples. There aren’t any potatoes. A: Are there any carrots? B: Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t. Uncountable nouns There is some / a little milk. There isn’t any coffee. A: Is there any tea? B: Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.
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What food and drinks do you have in your house? Complete the sentences below with the items you can remember.
1 There are some
2 There aren’t any
3 There is some
4 There isn’t any
5 There is no
Read the menu from Royalty Restaurant. Write Desserts, Starters, Side Dishes, Drinks, and Main Courses in the appropriate spaces.
Royalty Restaurant MENU
– chicken noodle, • Soup onion, vegetable – $ 2.80 – mixed, green, tomato, • Salad cucumber – $ 2.30
• Cake – chocolate, coconut – $ 2.00 cream – vanilla, chocolate, • Icestrawberr y – $ 1.90 Fruit salad – $ 1.30 •
• Fried chicken – $ 7.90 • Grilled fish – $ 5.70 • Steak – $ 9.00 • Roast beef – $ 9.50 • Spaghetti – $ 4.60 • Pork chops – $ 7.00
• Wine – red or white (bottle) – $ 8.00 • Beer – $ 3.20 – orange, mango, watermelon, • Juice strawberry, lemon – $ 2.00 • Soft drinks – $ 2.50 • Mineral water – $ 1.00 • Coffee – $ 1.50
• French fries – $ 3.10 ables – cabbage, potatoes • Veget (mashed, baked, boiled), spinach, carrots, peas, mushrooms – $ 3.00
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Claudia and richard are at royalty restaurant. read their conversation. then go back to exercise f and calculate the bill. Claudia: Would you like a salad? Richard: Yes, please. Claudia: What kind of salad would you like? Richard: I’d like a green salad. And you? Claudia: A tomato salad. Later... Claudia: What would you like for the main course? Richard: I’d like grilled fish and spaghetti. What about you? Claudia: Fried chicken with a side order of mushrooms. Claudia: What would you like to drink? Richard: I will have beer. And you? Claudia: I’ll have mango juice. Richard: Let’s calculate the bill.
rewrite the dialogues from exercise g. substitute the words in italics with words from the menu in exercise f. Practice the conversation with a classmate.
I track 15
ted and Patricia are talking about a picnic they are having tomorrow. listen and check ( ) the food and drinks they need to buy.
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Match the questions to the pictures. 1
) May I open the window?
) May I smoke in here?
) May I help you?
) Would you like a drink?
) Would you like an ice cream?
Helen is talking to a nutritionist. read their conversation and fill in the blanks with a lot of, some, any, and no. Nutritionist: Good morning, Helen. What can I do for you? Helen: I’d like to go on a diet. Nutritionist: OK. How much water do you drink every day? Helen: I drink
water. Two liters.
Nutritionist: How much fruit do you usually eat? Helen: Oh… I don’t eat
fruit. I forget!
Nutritionist: How much chocolate do you usually eat? Helen: I eat
chocolate, three times a week.
Nutritionist: Do you eat any vegetables? Helen: No. I don’t eat
vegetables. I hate vegetables.
Nutritionist: What about rice and beans? Helen: I always eat
rice and beans, usually for lunch.
Nutritionist: And what about milk? Do you drink Helen: Oh, no, I hate it. I drink
milk? milk at all.
Nutritionist: OK, Helen, I’ll prepare a diet for you.
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a Special Kind of Carbohydrate
Fiber is the name of a special kind of carbohydrate. Fiber-rich foods are important for good health. They help digestion and pass right through the intestines without being absorbed into the body. They may also protect against bowel problems. Although they fill you up, they do not contain many calories. Some scientists believe that a high-fiber diet can keep blood cholesterol low. You get fiber only from foods that grow from the ground, such as fruit, vegetables, and cereals (wheat, rice, corn, etc.). You do not get fiber from foods that come from animals, such as meat, eggs, milk, cheese, and butter. It is easy to include fiber in your diet. You have to eat more potatoes and bread â€“ especially whole-wheat bread. You should also choose a high-fiber, whole-grain breakfast cereal and eat plenty of vegetables and fruit. Be sure to drink a lot of water, too. This will help prevent constipation. Adults should eat 30 grams of fiber every day. Take a look at the table below. It shows how many grams of fiber each food item has. Breakfast cereals (1 serving)
Vegetables and legumes (1 serving)
Sugar-free granola Oatmeal Cornflakes
4g 3g 3g
Bread (4 slices) Whole-wheat bread Brown bread White bread
11 g 6g 3g
Peas Baked beans Spinach Lentils Carrots Potatoes Boiled with skin Boiled without skin Rice (1 serving) Brown White
7g 6g 5g 4g 3g
2 dried apricots 1 banana 1 apple
7g 3g 2g
3g 1g 3g 2g
Adapted from Guide to Healthy Eating (London, The Health Education Authority) http://www.gicare.com http://www.dietaryfiberfood.com
absorbed absorvido believe acreditam blood sangue bowel intestino dried apricots damascos secos eggs ovos fiber-rich foods alimentos ricos em fibras fill up satisfazer ground solo
grow crescem high-fiber diet dieta com alto teor de fibra meat carne pass through passam pelo plenty of muitos prevent impedir whole-wheat bread pĂŁo integral with skin com casca without skin sem casca
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read the informative text again and do the activities. A
Copy fifteen words similar to Portuguese.
answer the questions. 1 What is fiber? 2 Where can you get fiber? 3 Why are fiber-rich foods good for your health?
Write t (true) or f (false). 1 (
) All of these items contain fiber: fruit, cereals, cheese, and butter.
) You do not get fiber in foods that come from animals, such as eggs, milk, cheese, and butter.
) A daily amount of 30 grams of fiber is good for an adult's health.
) Whole-wheat bread, peas, and dried apricots are not fiber-rich foods.
) Four slices of whole-wheat bread have more fiber than any other item on the list.
) Boiled potatoes without skin contain more fiber than boiled potatoes with skin.
) If you eat three bananas, two servings of white rice, two servings of spinach, and four slices of brown bread, you get more than 30 grams of fiber.
sHare ideas WitH a ClassMate 1 Este texto lhe trouxe alguma informação nova? Em caso afirmativo, qual informação? 2 A ingestão de 30 gramas de fibras por dia é recomendada para um adulto. Que quantidade você ingere aproximadamente? 3 É fácil ou difícil ingerir alimentos ricos em fibras? Por quê? 4 Qual a importância de uma boa alimentação para a saúde das pessoas? 5 Quem pode ter uma alimentação correta e bem equilibrada no Brasil?
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My Class Health graph Take the quiz below individually. Work in groups of 4 to 5 students. Ask your classmates their quiz scores and draw a statistical graph (pie, bar, or line graph) representing the results. The graphs can be presented to the class and put on exhibition in the classroom.
How healthy are you? Take the quiz and check your score.
How much water do you drink each day? a I don’t drink any water. b I drink some water. c I drink a lot of water. How often do you eat chocolate? a I never eat chocolate. b Sometimes. c Every day.
How many servings of fruit do you usually eat a day? a One. b Three or four. c Five to eight. How often do you drink soft drinks? a I don’t drink any soft drinks. b One to three times a week. c Every day.
How often do you eat fast food? a Every day. b Sometimes. c Almost never.
do you have a healthy diet? A: 19 to 24 points – Congratulations! You have a healthy diet. B: 15 to 18 points – Think about your eating habits. C: Under 14 – Change your diet now! What are you doing to yourself?
How much coffee do you drink a day? a I don’t drink any coffee. b Some. c From ﬁve to eight cups. Do you eat vegetables? a No. b Sometimes. c Always.
How often do you have dessert after meals? a I never have dessert. b I sometimes have dessert. c Always.
1 2 3 4
Calculate your score: a = 1, b = 2, c = 3 5 a = 3, b = 2, c = 1 a = 1, b = 2, c = 3 6 a = 1, b = 2, c = 3 a = 2, b = 3, c = 1 7 a = 1, b = 2, c = 3 a = 3, b = 2, c = 1 8 a = 3, b = 2, c = 1
food and drinks bingo Let’s play bingo! Follow your teacher’s instructions.
HoW MuCH do You knoW? Fazer um pedido. Oferecer algo a alguém. Aceitar ou recusar algo. Pedir permissão a alguém para fazer algo.
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Units 1-2 A
Read the information about Justin Timberlake. Then complete his biography.
Name: Justin Randall Timberlake Occupation: American pop singer and songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. Birth date: January 31, 1981 Birth place: Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Nickname: Curly Favorite sport: basketball Favorite school subjects: Math and Physics First band: *NSYNC First movie: Model Behavior Solo albums: Justified (2002) and Future Sex / Love Sounds (2006)
. He was born Curly. His favorite sport and his favorite school subjects are *NSYNC and his
His first band was was Model Behavior. He Justified, in
had 2002, and Future Sex / Love Sounds, in 2006.
Write the adverbs formed from the adjectives below. 1 careful 4 patient
Form sentences with used to. 1 Dorothy / swim / quickly / at age 17 2 Sebastian / walk / slowly / teenager 3 Bia and Ed / drive / carefully / younger
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What is it? Read each hint and guess the name of the food or drink. 1 A long orange vegetable with green leaves: 2 A black liquid: 3 A liquid food that is made by cooking meat, fish, vegetables with water or milk: 4 A round red fruit: 5 Food usually eaten with butter for breakfast:
Read the shopping list and complete Tony and Bia’s dialogue with the words from the box. Then check ( ) all the items Tony and Bia will buy. some – any – how much – would like – may ermarket, Bia? Tony: Are you ready to go to the sup pping list before we go. Bia: Oh, yeah, let’s just check the sho I help you? Let’s see… we have
coffee do we have?
Bia: That’s right… And… eggs.
We also need
Bia: Do we need
in the fridge, but we need
Tony: No, we don’t. There are
any fish or meat?
coffee. So, let’s buy
Tony: We don’t have
sugar coffee eggs tomatoes bread potatoes meat fish fruit ice cream candy chocolate cake
Bia: By the way, we don’t have
oranges, bananas, and apples.
Tony: OK, let’s buy
a dessert, too.
Bia: I ice cream?
buy vanilla ice cream in the fridge. Let’s
Tony: No… we have candy. Bia: Oh…
I buy a delicious chocolate cake?
Tony: All right, Bia! Let’s go quickly.
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Unit two A
Write the names of the food and drinks in the pyramid.
FAT AND SUGAR GROUP
12 9 MILK GROUP
MEAT AND ALTERNATIVES GROUP
11 FRUIT GROUP
7 BREAD AND CEREALS GROUP
Answer the questions. Then compare your answers to the information in the food pyramid. Which foods should you eat more or less of? 1 How much bread do you eat every day? 2 How much fruit and vegetables do you eat a day? 3 How much milk do you have a day? 4 How much meat do you have a day? 5 How much fat and sugar do you have a day? ninety-seven
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Complete the restaurant conversation with will, would, or may. Waitress: Good evening.
I help you?
Customer: Yes, I
like the menu, please.
Waitress: Here you are. Customer: OK, thanks. Waitress: What Customer: I
you like to order? have a salad first and some potatoes.
Waitress: What kind of potatoes Customer: I
like mashed potatoes.
you like something to drink?
Customer: Let me see… I
have fruit juice.
Waitress: Orange, pineapple, or strawberry juice? Customer: I
have orange juice.
you like a dessert?
Customer: Yes, I
like chocolate ice cream.
Waitress: OK, I
bring it right away.
you like anything else, sir?
Customer: Yes, please. I
like a black coffee and the bill, please.
Waitress: All right, sir.
Circle the correct alternative for each sentence. 1 There aren’t some / any vegetables in the fridge. 2 Do you have any / some coffee? 3 Would you like some / any water? 4 There are some / any carrots in this soup recipe. 5 I’d like any / some ham and cheese. 6 I went to the supermarket because I didn’t have some / any meat for lunch.
Adverbs of Manner Os advérbios de modo demonstram a maneira como algo acontece. Forma Geralmente, os advérbios de modo são formados com o acréscimo de ly aos adjetivos e são usados no final da oração. adjeTivoS
Ex.: Sue is polite. Bob was happy.
She treats people politely. He went home happily.
Alguns advérbios de modo têm a mesma forma dos adjetivos: adjeTivoS
Ex.: Tom is a fast driver.
He drives fast.
Exceção: O advérbio well não segue a regra com o acréscimo de ly. Ex.: Tom is a good driver. He drives well. Nem todas as palavras terminadas em ly são advérbios; alguns adjetivos também terminam em ly: friendly, lovely, silly. Ex.: The teachers were friendly and the principal was a lovely person. Uso Os advérbios de modo são usados para exprimir circunstâncias de modo. Ex.: Mary cooks badly.
Conditionals As orações condicionais são introduzidas com if e consistem de duas partes: a oração com if, que expressa a hipótese, e a oração principal, que é o resultado. Quando a oração com if vem antes da oração principal, as duas orações são separadas por vírgula. Quando a oração principal vem antes da oração com if, não é necessário o uso da vírgula. Ex.: If the floor is slippery, Jill will fall down. Jill will fall down if the floor is slippery. one hundred and eleven V2_GRAMMAR_sub.indd 111
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English • Portuguese
a little pouco a lot of muitos adopt adotar adoption adoção adventure aventura advertisement propaganda advise aconselhar air ar air mattress colchão de ar all of a sudden de repente already já another um outro ant formiga anymore não mais Appalachian apalaches (montanhas) around em torno de as à medida que as soon as assim que associate associar at age com idade de at first sight à primeira vista at risk em risco attract atrair autumnal outonal aware consciente
backpacker excursionista com mochila badly mal bake assar be in love with estar apaixonado por be sure estar certo(a) beautifully maravilhosamente beauty beleza become tornar-se beer cerveja behavior comportamento bell sino belong pertencer besides além de bill conta biodata dados biográficos birth nascimento blackout blecaute blame culpar boat barco boil ferver
boom estrondo boss chefe bottle garrafa braille braile break into arrombar break up with romper com bright brilhante brightness brilho bring along trazer consigo brochure folheto brown rice arroz integral bubbling borbulhante building construção bulb lâmpada burn queimar businesspeople homem de negócio butterfly borboleta
cabbage repolho camp acampamento camper campista camp site área de acampamento candy bala care about cuidar career carreira careful cuidadoso(a) carefully cuidadosamente carry carregar carry out realizar category categoria cave caverna cellist violoncelista cello violoncelo certain certo(a) champion campeão championship campeonato change mudar changeable mutável character personagem cheek bochecha chest of treasure baú de tesouro children’s book livro infantil children’s story história infantil choir coro cicada cigarra classics romance clean limpar clever inteligente
climbing alpinismo close fechar coconut coco coincidentally coincidentemente colorful colorido(a) come out sair come true tornar-se realidade come up surgir comfortably confortavelmente complain reclamar compose compor concept conceito concerned preocupado(a) conduct reger conductor regente considerable considerável consumption consumo cook cozinhar cookie biscoito correctly corretamente counselor conselheiro course prato (refeição) cover cobertura crazily loucamente crazy louco(a) creature criatura cruelly cruelmente cry chorar crystal clear cristalino(a) cucumber pepino curiosity curiosidade cut down destruir
deaf surdo(a) defrost descongelar design desenho desperately desesperadamente develop desenvolver development desenvolvimento dew orvalho disappear desaparecer disappoint desapontar discover descobrir disguise disfarçar disloyal desleal divorced divorciado(a) dolphin golfinho dream sonho dripping gotejante
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Portuguese • English
à medida que as à primeira vista at first sight aberto(a) (mente) open-minded abeto (árvore) fir abraço hug abrir open acampamento camp aconselhar advise acontecer happen açúcar sugar adivinhação riddle adivinhar guess admirar-se wonder adoção adoption adotar adopt agradável enjoyable água water água doce fresh water ainda still, yet além de besides alface lettuce alguém someone alguma vez ever alimentar feed alimentos pouco saudáveis junk food alpinismo climbing alto loud ambientado set ambiental environmental ameaça threat ameaçar threaten amizade friendship anão dwarf anel ring animais e plantas selvagens wildlife anti-social unsociable apaixonar-se fall in love apalaches Appalachian (montanhas) apenas just aquecimento global global warming aqui está here you are ar air área de acampamento campsite areia sand arrombar break into
arroz integral brown rice arrumar a mala pack árvore tree assar bake assim que as soon as associar associate assunto issue, subject atrair attract através through atualizar update aventura adventure azarado unlucky
bala candy baleia whale barbante string barco boat barco a remo row boat barraca tent barulho noise batata potato bateria drums baú de tesouro chest of treasure baunilha vanilla beleza beauty bem-sucedido successful biblioteca library bilhete ticket biscoito cookie bitolado narrow-minded blecaute blackout bobo(a) silly bochecha cheek bom kind borboleta butterfly borbulhante bubbling braile braille brilhante bright brilho brightness bruxa witch bruxo wizard buraco hole
caçar hunt caçar ou pescar furtivamente poaching cachoeira waterfall
cachorro quente hot dog cada um each other caminhada hiking, walking caminhante hiker caminho path campeão champion campeonato championship campista camper canção de ninar lullaby canção song canivete pocketknife cantor principal lead singer caramujo snail carne meat carregar carry carreira career casamento (cerimônia) wedding casar marry categoria category caverna cave cebola onion cênico scenic certo certain cerveja beer chão ground chave key chefe boss cheio full cheirar smell chorar cry cigarra cicada citação quote cobertura cover coco coconut cogumelo mushroom coincidentemente coincidentally colchão de ar air mattress colorido colorful com idade de at age comparar preços shop around compor compose comportamento behavior compositor songwriter conceito concept conexão link conferência lecture confiança trust confiável reliable confortavelmente comfortably
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