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REVISION MATERIALS FOR IB DIPLOMA PROGRAMME GEOGRAPHY

Thinking about Global Interactions RICHARD ALLAWAY

A GEOGRAPHYALLTHEWAY.COM PUBLICATION


Thinking about Global Interactions Support Materials for the IB Diploma Programme Geography Course

Richard Allaway

Published by geographyalltheway.com Publications Š 2014 - geographyalltheway.com Publications ISBN: XXX X XXXXXXX X X All rights reserved. Subject to statutory exception no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of geographyalltheway.com Publications. i


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Thinking about Global Interactions The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme Geography syllabus...

The aim of this eBook is to provide resources with which students can prepare for lessons. By engaging with the video clip, graphic and news article students should be better prepared for participation in the lesson.

For each section of the IB DP Geography syllabus...

Richard Allaway Author of geographyalltheway.com Technology for Learning Coordinator - International School of Geneva - Campus des Nations Teacher of Humanities and IB DP Geography richardallaway.me

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CHAPTER 1

Global Interactions

The study of global interactions in IB DP Geography has a broader perspective than a more conventional study of globalization that emphasizes a linear process involving the domination and the imposition of western culture on the world. In the context of IB DP Geography, global interaction suggests a two-way and complex process whereby cultural traits and commodities may be adopted, adapted or resisted by societies. The process is neither inevitable nor universal. 5


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SE C TIO N 1

What are Global Interactions? Figure 1.1 The Hong Kong harbour front at night from the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre

creative commons licensed (BY) flickr photo by geographyalltheway.com: http://flickr.com/photos/ geographyalltheway_photos/13090270765 geographyalltheway link What are Global Interactions?

What are Global Interactions? This page of geographyalltheway.com presents the stimulus for group work preparing discussions based upon ‘big’ geography questions central to the study of Global Interactions. 7


Online Video 1.1 You could not build a toaster

Online Video 1.3 There are still cities that are difficult to get to

Even with the resources of the Design department you would struggle to build a ‘normal’ toaster like you can buy cheaply and easily.

How easy it for you to fly to New York versus Niamey (that’s the capital of Niger)? What are the barriers involved in some cities being isolated from the world? "A Day in the Life of Air Traffic Over the World." YouTube. YouTube, 20 Feb. 2010. Web. 10 May 2014.

"Thomas Thwaites: How I Built a Toaster -- from Scratch." YouTube. YouTube, 14 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 1.1 No single country can produce a can of CocaCola

Online Video 1.2 We are all searching for the same thing

What Coke Contains Each can originated in a small town of 4,000 people on the Murray River in Western Australia called Pinjarra. Pinjarra is the site of the world’s largest bauxite mine.

What are the common things we are all searching online for? What things are truly global? Celebrity? Sports? Music? "Google Zeitgeist | Here's to 2013." YouTube. YouTube, 17 Dec. 2013. Web. 10 May 2014.

Ashton, Kevin. "What Coke Contains." Medium. N.p., 5 Apr. 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.

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What is Globalization? Figure 1.2 McDonald's in Marrakech - the Menu Famila - still ten times more expensive than a local meal for four

creative commons licensed (BY) flickr photo by geographyalltheway.com: http://flickr.com/photos/ geographyalltheway_photos/7052888205 geographyalltheway link What is Globalization?

What is Globalization? This page of geographyalltheway.com includes three activities: How global are you?, Photo Editor and Globalization: A force for good or an evil monster? 9


Online Video 1.4 Globalization I - The Upside: Crash Course World History #41

Graphic 1.1 The Nutella® Global Value Chain

The video may claim it is for historians - but isn’t history just ‘historical geography’! A useful introduction to some of the issues. Ferdman, Roberto A. "Map: All the Countries That Contribute to a Single Jar of Nutella." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 11 Dec. 2013. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.

"Globalization I - The Upside: Crash Course World History #41." YouTube. YouTube, 02 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 1.2 Globalisation: good or bad?

Globalisation: good or bad? It is clear that globalisation has failed to rid the world of poverty. Rather than being an unstoppable force for development, globalisation now seems more like an economic temptress, promising riches to everyone but only delivering to the few. Kremer, William. "Are Container Ships Getting Too Big?" BBC News. BBC World Service, 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 May 2014.

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CHAPTER 2

Measuring global interactions

creative commons licensed (BY) flickr photo by xlibber: http://flickr.com/photos/xlibber/7825811940

Provides an introduction to the course by identifying the level and rate of global interactions. Provides a basis for further study by examining the pattern(s) and process(es) of global interactions and the technology that has enabled them.

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Globalization Index - a measure of global interaction IB DP Geography Syllabus

Figure 2.1 Swedish business in Hong Kong - IKEA

1. Describe and evaluate the KOF index, as a measure of global interaction. 2. Describe how the globalization index may be represented spatially.

creative commons licensed (BY) flickr photo by geographyalltheway.com: http://flickr.com/photos/ geographyalltheway_photos/4394608892 geographyalltheway link Globalization Index - a measure of global interaction

Globalization Index - a measure of global interaction This page of geographyalltheway.com presents the resources necessary to explore the KOF Index of Globalization, it’s components and how it can be presented. 13


Online Video 2.1 TED Talk: Pankaj Ghemawat: Actually, the world isn't flat

Graphic 2.1 Map: KOF Index of Globalization 2011

With great data Pankaj Ghemawat argues that there's a delta between perception and reality in a world that's maybe not so hyperconnected after all. "KOF Index of Globalization." KOF Index of Globalization. ETH Zurich, n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.

"Actually, the World Isn't Flat - Pankaj Ghemawat." YouTube. YouTube, 25 May 2013. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 2.1 KOF Index of Globalization Press release April 16, 2014

"KOF Index of Globalization." KOF Index of Globalization. ETH Zurich, n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.

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Global Core and Periphery IB DP Geography Syllabus

Figure 2.2 Core or Periphery?

1. Discuss the spatial pattern of global interactions through the mapping of core areas at the focus of interaction (network hubs/ nodes), the peripheries and areas relatively unaected by these interactions.

Moroccan desert south of Zagora. geographyalltheway.com image.

geographyalltheway link Global Core and Periphery

Global Core and Periphery This page of geographyalltheway.com presents

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Online Video 2.2 What is a hub airport?

Graphic 2.2 ESRI Story Map - The fifty largest ports link six continents and countless supply chains.

Explores the idea of hub airports, their need and the benefit of London’s Heathrow airport being a hub. "50 Largest Ports." ESRI. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.

"What Is a Hub Airport?" YouTube. YouTube, 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 2.2 The Countries of the World Can be Divided into a Core and a Periphery

Core and Periphery The core includes major world powers and the countries that contain much of the wealth of the planet. The periphery are those countries that are not reaping the benefits of global wealth and globalization. Steif, Colin. "Core and Periphery - An Overview of the Core and Perpiphery of the World." About.com Geography. N.p., 4 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.

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CHAPTER 3

Changing space - the shrinking world

creative commons licensed (BY-SA) flickr photo by peter pearson: http://flickr.com/photos/peterpearson/2682440677

Identifies improved information and communications technology and transport as fundamental to all forms of global interaction. Provides a basis for further study by examining the pattern(s) and process(es) of global interactions and the technology that has enabled them. 17


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Ocean Transport IB DP Geography Syllabus

Figure 3.1 The fastest ship in 1852 at 22 knots - The Sovereign of the Seas - 22 knots.

1. Explain how a reduction in the friction of distance results in time–space convergence. 2. Examine the relative changes in the speed and capacity of ocean transport responsible for the flow of goods, materials and people.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereign_of_the_Seas_(clipper)

geographyalltheway link Ocean Transport

Ocean Transport This page of geographyalltheway.com presents

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Online Video 3.1 How containerization shaped the modern world - Sir Harold Evans

Graphic 3.1 International seaborne trade, selected years (Millions of tons loaded)

Sir Harold Evans describes how frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. ""Unctad.org | Review of Maritime Transport 2013." Unctad.org | Review of Maritime Transport 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.

"How Containerization Shaped the Modern World - Sir Harold Evans."YouTube. YouTube, 11 Mar. 2012. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 3.1 How much bigger can container ships get?

How much bigger can container ships get? The world's cargo ships are getting big, really big. No surprise, perhaps, given the volume of goods produced in Asia and consumed in Europe and the US. But are these giant symbols of the world's trade imbalance growing beyond all reason? Kremer, William. "Are Container Ships Getting Too Big?" BBC News. BBC World Service, 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 May 2014.

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Air Transport IB DP Geography Syllabus

Figure 3.2 The main routes of Imperial Airways 1936

1. Explain how a reduction in the friction of distance results in time–space convergence. 2. Examine the relative changes in the speed and capacity of air transport responsible for the flow of goods, materials and people.

http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/iaw.htm

geographyalltheway link Air Transport

Air Transport This page of geographyalltheway.com presents

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Online Video 3.2 The Future of Flying: Trends to Shape Air Travel

Graphic 3.2 Total Air Freight Market

Olivier P. M端ller, Head of Consumer Goods Research within Credit Suisse's Private Banking and Wealth Management division, says the trend in affordable flight tickets and high passenger volumes is set to continue. "Main IATA Navigation." IATA. International Air Transport Association, n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.

"The Future of Flying: Trends to Shape Air Travel." YouTube. YouTube, 03 Sept. 2013. Web. 10 May 2014.

Web Article 3.2 Flights interactive

Flights interactive To mark 100 years of passenger air travel, this stunning interactive uses live data to show every one of the thousands of commercial planes currently in the air, charts the history of aviation since 1914, and asks what comes next for the industry. Flights Interactive: See the Planes in the Sky Right Now." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 21 Jan. 2014. Web. 05 May 2014.

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