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"The Case for the Living Wage" an excerpt from the new book LOOKING UP AT THE BOTTOM LINE: The Struggle for the Living Wage! by Richard R. Troxell Published by Plain View Press Reprinted here with permission. __________________________________________________ ABSTRACT Homeless activist Richard R. Troxell is a leading voice behind a simple solution: the Universal Living Wage. His proposal would index the minimum wage to housing rates. It's endorsed by over 1,700 organizations, including many businesses, labor unions, schools, and government entitles. In this excerpt from Troxell's new book, LOOKING UP AT THE BOTTOM LINE: The Struggle for the Living Wage, he lays out the formula for the Universal Living Wage, then shows how it can be easily calculated from HUD Fair Market Rent calculations. __________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Every year around Veterans Day, activist Richard Troxell presides over a service at the homeless memorial in Austin, Texas. "Up to one-third of the homeless are veterans," Troxell is quick to point out. Troxell himself was once a homeless veteran -- in Philadelphia, where he learned the art of community organizing. "Nearly half the homeless have jobs," says Troxell, anxious to correct another myth about the homeless. "The poorest people in a community should be able to make enough working full-time to afford the least expensive housing." Troxell is a leading voice behind a simple solution: the Universal Living Wage. His proposal would index the minimum wage to housing rates. It's endorsed by over 1,700 organizations, including many businesses, labor unions, schools, and government entitles. The excerpt, below, is entitled "The Case for the Universal Living Wage." It lays out the formula for the Universal Living Wage, then shows how it can be easily calculated from HUD Fair Market Rent calculations. Troxell then goes on to show how the ULW is more fair to employers and less disruptive to local rental costs than a flat-rate minimum


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wage. And he cites as precedent for the ULW the military's use of the BAH -- Base Allowance for Housing -- to pay recruits more or less based on local housing rates. More information about activist Richard Troxell and the book, "Looking Up at the Bottom Line: The Struggle for the Living Wage!" follows the excerpt. Thanks for your concern with this important issue. __________________________________________________ "The Case for the Living Wage" by Richard R. Troxell The Universal Living Wage (ULW) is a simple, three-pronged formula: - Work a 40-hour week - Spend no more than 30% of one's income on housing - Index the minimum wage to the local cost of housing throughout the United States Let us take a brief look at each of these three prongs that make up the concepts behind the mathematical formula. Work a 40-Hour Week First, we are talking about wages and the standard government work week (40 hours). While we speak in terms of being able to afford housing on a monthly basis, it is important to understand that just as the Federal Minimum Wage (FMW) is an *hourly wage,* the ULW is also an hourly wage. What we are saying is that if one puts 40 units of work wage together, four times a month (four weeks in a month), that wage would be sufficient for a person to afford basic rental housing no matter where that person works throughout the United States. This may require that a part-time worker of 20 hours per week secure a second part time job of an additional 20 hours to accumulate 40 units of work, etc. Spend No More than 30% of One's Income on Housing The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the department of the U.S. Government that deals with housing issues. It was established in the 1970s. It uses this 30% standard as a guideline in creating its Section 8 Housing Voucher Program. Additionally, America's banking institutions use the same guidelines. If you were to apply to purchase a home, and the bank determined that


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in so doing you would be spending more than 30% of your monthly household budget on your mortgage payment, they would not assign you a note and give you a mortgage. Index the Minimum Wage to the Local Cost of Housing The U.S. Government established the Federal Poverty Guideline as a poverty standard and currently uses food costs as the basis for it. Food, however, is a flexible commodity. Housing is not, making housing or the lack of it, the true target/need required to attack poverty. The housing that we are referring to is the most basic rental housing available. Again, we are suggesting a minimum wage that would enable an individual to rent an efficiency apartment. An efficiency apartment is one step below a one-bedroom apartment. In an efficiency apartment, you would find a single room that might allow for a "Murphy" foldout bed or a couch and serve as the kitchen, living room, and bedroom. You might find space for a hot plate, and you would share a bathroom down the hall. This is the sparsest of conditions. HUD has a voucher rental program where it subsidizes landlords. This is called the HUD Section 8 Voucher Rental Program. Allow me to explain the program. Suppose a one-bedroom apartment rents for $600.00 in your area. However, suppose people in your area needing a one-bedroom apartment cannot afford to pay more than $400.00. The federal government steps in and provides a $200.00 housing voucher that the tenant passes through to the landlord. This is a win-win situation for both the landlord and the tenant. The Tenant gets the housing they need and the Landlord gets the income desired. However, the taxpayer is required to pick up the tab. In order for the federal government to determine what value to attach to the voucher, it has designed a program called the HUD Fair Market Rents (FMR) where it goes around the country and determines what one would need to pay to rent an efficiency, one bedroom, two bedroom, three bedroom, or four bedroom apartment in any particular area. HUD does this by using a sophisticated formula which helps them review these amounts yearly although it does not necessarily make annual adjustments. There is also a two-year time delay before factoring new housing starts into the equation. HUD Fair Market Rent Areas are approximately the size of counties and are often exactly that: counties. FMR Standard


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FMRs are gross rent estimates; they include shelter rent and the cost of utilities, except telephone. HUD sets FMRs to assure that a sufficient supply of rental housing is available to program participants. To accomplish this objective, FMRs must be both high enough to permit a selection of units and neighborhoods and low enough to serve as many families as possible. The level at which FMRs are set is expressed as a percentile point within the rent distribution of standard quality rental housing units. As of April 2010, the current definition used is the 40th or 50th percent of standard quality rental housing units rent. These percentiles are drawn from the distribution of units which are occupied by recent movers (renter households who moved into their unit within the past 15 months). Newly built units less than two-years-old are excluded, and adjustments have been made to correct for the below market rents of public housing units included in the data base. By combining these three existing government guidelines: 1. work 40 hours in a week; 2. spend no more than 30% of one's income on housing; 3. index the minimum to the local cost of housing, we create a mathematical formula, which ensures that if a person works a 40hour week, their earnings would be enough for them to afford basic rental housing wherever that work is done throughout the United States. We have stated that we want a full time worker to be able to afford basic rental housing. This will position the minimum wage worker so that he or she can pursue either additional education or the American Dream or both. ULW Effect on Business and Tax Payers Wherever there are workers and employers, there exists a symbiotic relationship, which is bordered by a delicate framework. The employer needs the employee for their labor and the employee needs to make at least a minimal living through the employment. While the need is mutual, the power balance is not, and therefore, workers must hope that the employer will embrace the principals of the Universal Living Wage formula. This formula ensures that if an employee works a standard number of hours, that employee should, because of the work, be able to afford the basic life-sustaining necessities (food, clothing, shelter, and access to health care). This is consistent with the United Nation's document, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which identifies these life-sustaining necessities as "definitive components of


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the right to a minimum standard of living and dignity for every (nation) state."

ABOUT THE AUTHOR RICHARD R. TROXELL has been striving to end homelessness since he first witnessed it as a self-made mortgage foreclosure preventionist in Philadelphia in the 1980s. Troxell sits on the Board and Executive Committee of the National Coalition for the Homeless. His work has culminated in the drive to "fix the Federal Minimum Wage" as the National Chairman of the Universal Living Wage Campaign.

ABOUT THE BOOK LOOKING UP AT THE BOTTOM LINE: The Struggle for the Living Wage! by Richard R. Troxell Published by Plain View Press ISBN 978-1935514992, Paperback, $22.95 Available through this site or directly from the publisher: "Looking Up at the Bottom Line: The Struggle for the Living Wage!" by Richard R. Troxell is an intense personal, political, and educational guide through the last 30 years of homelessness in America and it presents the Universal Living Wage. Troxell returned from Viet Nam confused and homeless. He landed in an abandoned house in Philadelphia, where he met Max Weiner, a pioneer in consumer activism. Max changed Troxell's life from homeless to political force. Troxell's early years as an advocate for consumer's rights and fighting foreclosures got him off the streets and led to a life-long career with Legal Aid. He began refurbishing abandoned houses only to have them threatened by a declining economy and drug lords. This led Troxell to create Mobile Mini-Police Stations, which saved his neighborhood and are still in use today in several cities. Troxell's model of looking outside the box to find solutions is set in stone. In Troxell's words, "Life taught me that the solutions to hard problems lie in the problems themselves." In "Looking Up at the Bottom Line," Troxell takes us inside the lives of America's working poor. Troxell spent 20 years in Austin, Texas, challenging unfair housing regulations. He's battled both with the


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police and against them, along with city council, politicians, and businesses. Many learned it was easier to work with him than against him. * Do you know 2010 alone? * Do you know * Do you know children? * Do you know week?

that 3.5 million people will experience homelessness in that up to one-third of homeless men are veterans? that 23% of the 3.5 million living on the streets are that 42% of the homeless work at least part of the

Most importantly, do you know the primary cause of homelessness? The answer is the minimum wage. According to the US Conference of Mayors, a person working 40 hours a week, at a minimum wage of $7.25, doesn't have enough money to afford a one-bedroom apartment anywhere in the United States. "The problem points to the solution," claims Troxell. "Looking Up at the Bottom Line" offers the solution: The Universal Living Wage (ULW). The ULW adjusts the federal minimum wage and indexes it to the local cost of housing throughout the U.S. By doing so, any person who works 40 hours a week would be able to afford basic rental housing (including utilities) along with clothing and food. Enactment of the ULW will conservatively end economic homelessness for over 1,000,000 people and prevent economic homelessness for 10.1 million wage workers. All proceeds go to support efforts to end economic homelessness. We encourage everyone to purchase a copy for local libraries or shelters -vital resources for the economic homeless. __________________________________________________ ENDORSEMENTS "Remarkable! An energizing, engaging book that can lead to the end of homelessness for over 1,000,000 minimum wage workers. This book takes off where all the other minimum wage, living wage books end." -- Michael Stoops, National Civil Rights Organizer for the National Coalition for the Homeless "... the only book on the subject that combines in such depth both personal stories of low wage workers and their families, on the one hand, and analytic arguments about the costs and benefits of living wages, on the other. The idea of indexing wages to housing costs just may be the right way to think about this."


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-- Robert Pollin, author of "The Living Wage: Building a Fair Economy" "Troxell's accounts of the homeless point to a profound break down in our culture - a society that grows more rootless and disconnected with each passing year. After reading this book your next experience at a highway intersection will be radically changed. The bedraggled figure holding a cardboard sign will not be a complete stranger. You won't be looking at a bum; you'll be seeing another human being and into the brokenness of our culture." -- Tom Spencer, CEO, Austin Area Interreligious Ministries "Compassion means to suffer (pati) with (com) another. To suffer with! Unfortunately in today's world the idea of compassion is confused with the liberal notion of charity as opposed to a genuine call to justice. Richard Troxell has shared and taken on the pain of others and battled like a great warrior the institutional mindset that prevents humans from simply doing what is right." -- Alan Graham, President, Mobile Loaves & Fishes "Finally, someone with some common sense! Troxell lays out a plan that will end homelessness for over 1,000,000 minimum wage workers -- without costing tax payers a dime. Plus, this is a great read -- a compelling activist's tale." -- Jim Hightower, radio commentator and editor of "The Hightower Lowdown" "... the inspiration and key to Bringing America Home for millions of people through the Universal Living Wage -- by indexing employment income to housing costs." -- Sue Watlov Phillips, M.A., C.S.P., executive director of Elim Transitional Housing, founder Minnesota and National Coalition for the Homeless "Troxell's outstanding advocacy and efforts on behalf of the homeless are legend and truly appreciated by those he helps and those who admire his selfless work." -- Texas State Senator Kirk Watson, District 14 __________________________________________________ Copyright 2010 by Richard R. Troxell. All Rights Reserved. Creative Commons: Please feel free to duplicate or distribute this file as long as the excerpt has not been changed and this copyright notice is intact. Thank You!

The Case for the Living Wage  

Homeless activist Richard R. Troxell is a leading voice behind a simple solution: the Universal Living Wage. His proposal would index the mi...

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