Issuu on Google+

Blood Pressure And Heart Disease The heart is a vital organ of our body which pumps the blood to all the systems through the arteries of the body. The blood is passed through arterial vessels which are elastic in nature. Blood pressure is nothing but the pressure exerted by it on the vessels' walls. There are two types of blood pressure: Systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure is that pressure which is exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries during contractive phase of the heart, diastolic blood pressure is that pressure which is exerted by the blood on its vessel walls during the expansive phase. Normally the blood pressure increases during emotion, excitement and anger and is low during sleep and rest. It varies from person to person with age, sex, mental and physical work of the individual. Hypertension may be due to the thickening of the arterial wall (Arterio-sclerosis) especially in old age or it may be due to stress and strain. Disorder of kidney may also produce hypertension. Symptoms Heaviness, oppression, discomfort or chest pain which may be localised or radiate to the left arm. Pain in chest intensifies on exertion or after meals. Recent undue breathlessness after climbing two flights of stairs. Sudden fatigue after exercise. Palpitation or rapid heart beats or irregular heart beats. Sudden weakness or numbness in the upper or lower or both extremities. Fainting or coma or loss of speech or slurring of words. Headache not relieved by aspirin or any common drug. Blurring of vision or hearing. Transient attacks of giddiness which come on when the head is suddenly turned to one side. Causes Exact cause is not known but mental,exertion/worries, too much fat, overweight and excessive use of alcohol and salt may be the cause. A sudden fall can cause fainting and low perfusion-ichaemic injury to the heart tissues. Abrupt swings in blood pressure are dangerous as it can rupture vessels in the retina or brain or cause overburdened heart to fail. So, blood pressure above 150/90 and below 120/70 should not be left untreated and requires medical attention. Treatment It is based on strict regimen that includes control on diets, exercise and drugs/plants. best vaporizers


Blood Pressure And Heart Disease (43)