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Text Type


Format and Conventions

Written correspondence

letter written at home or in a context such as school or club

friend, associate, representative etc

inform, persuade, request, opening and closing salutation, introduction propose, share ideas and connecting with audience/stating purpose feelings

Blog/diary entry

personal diary or online blog about a subject

self or public

personal reflections/opinions or public/opinion reflection

“Dear diary--”, first person, expressive language, reflect on the event, situation, make judgements Blog is a public diary for a specific audience


TV channel, radio station , magazine

TV, radio or magazine audience – may be a specific interest group

discuss, entertain , inform

introduction of participants and context, question answer format, some features of spoken language such as contractions, use a few long responses

Brochure/flyer/ pamphlet/advertisement

displayed in public spaces general public, specific group in public

inform, persuade, advertise

title, statement of purpose, sub-headings, bullet points, visuals, layout

Introduction to a talk/speech/debate

class or debating clubs in audience/ opposition school/ special event team

argue, persuade, convince speaker addresses the audience, statement of moot/argument, persuasive/rhetorical techniques


magazine, newspaper or online blog/website

general public or special interest group e.g. students

inform, express opinions, headline, byline, interesting introduction, short comment, entertain paragraphs

News Report

print or e-newspapers

general public

recount an event

headline, byline, intro (when, who, what, why, how) past tense forms, reported speech, factual,


online sites e.g. metacritic, or magazines and newspapers

special interest groups e.g. film goers, book readers, music listeners

review, express and justify opinions

states reviewer's opinion, hook to begin, reference to the subject being reviewed, expressive language, range of details

Official Report

produced for or by an official agency

specific group or person e.g. police, the principal etc

inform, report, advise, propose

formal, factual, objective tone, title, headings and subheadings


many contexts such as how to use something or carry out a process

person who needs to know how to do something

instruct, show how, guide title, introduction, sequential process, imperative forms, possible bullet points, factual, modals such as “must”, “should” etc

Essay (SL ONLY)

formal task in school, college or university

teacher, college professor, researcher

logical argument supported by a range of reasons and details

formal academic argument, introduction, body and conclusion, thesis and topic sentences, effective transitions, you can use “I” in SL Language

English B Text Types  
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