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PROGRAMMING HUMAN FACTORS AND CODES BOSTON ARCHITECTURAL COLLEGE TSM2019 - FALL/2019 HENGYUE WANG - 100103956 RICARDO ESCOBAR - 100105644 JOSE MALAGON - 100104831 ALLAN DIAZ - 100081183

MUSIC VENUE THEATER PROGRAMMING STRATEGIES

MASS TURNPIKE AUTHORITY BOYLSTON ST, 02115 Boston, MA


TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 02

PART ONE - GENERAL CONTEXT 06 PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS 07 HOUSE OF BLUES 09 BERKLEE PERFORMANCE CENTER 10 GILLETTE STADIUM 12

PART TWO - APPROACH APPROACH TO DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT 14 FIRST SITE 16 SECOND SITE 17 THIRD SITE 18 INTERVIEW 19

PART THREE - DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT 22 CLIENT ORGANIZATION 23 REASON FOR BUILDING 26 ARTISTIC OBJECTIVE 27 COMMUNITY AND POLITICAL SUPPORT 29

PART FOUR - SPECIFIC STUDIES SITE JUSTIFICATION 32 SITE DESCRIPTION 33 POPULATION DATA 34 LINKAGES OF THE SITE 39 SITE CONTEXT 41 SITE CONCEPT 42 COST ANALYSIS 43 CODE REPORT 45 BIBLIOGRAPHY 47


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY What is a performance space and

have been considered changes in

how does it adapt to the needs of

the broader society. Popular music

the surrounding community. Live

concerts are a vital element in

music is understood as a valuable

urban cultures that describes live

asset because it can help attract

music

visitors to towns, provide a sense

together musicians and audiences

of belonging and contribute to a

in one place at a time and include

vibrant cultural environment.

vocal or other musical instruments and

The area is described by using specific

technical

and

as

"events

technologies

that

or

bring

music

recordings."

spatial

demands and calls for a conducive

In recent years, the idea of live

surroundings for each audience

music

and

define the net works of venues,

performer.

aspects,

including

social

divisions

auditorium

and

Thus

social

reduction within

of the

enhanced

performer fame,

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

ecology

festivals

and

has

social

constitute

evolved actors

live

to that

music

performances in educational and political circles.

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We would focus our research on smaller music venues, focused on providing a space for performer looking to up their scope and name known. The hope is that expert music, dance, drama and various types of performing arts will be open to everyone in a friendly auditorium and that services will usually be accessible

for

inexperienced

organizations to participate in the network. As well as creating a recording

studio,

to

provide

a

space for recording music.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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CONTEXT The location/site which is located

The

proximity

to

Hynes

on Boylston st. and Mass. Ave, is a

convention center can create and

prime spot to and ever changing

extension to the place itself where

space. A key component is the

I can be become and extend for

proximity to music education as

smaller sample performances.

well as other venues around the area to further the music industry

The location is surrounded by a

and create a niche in the area. The

significant venues that can provide

back bay area is an ideal location

and

to create, to further explore the

between spaces, thus furthering

music scene that relates to the

the area into a node for music in

surrounding area.

take

create

as

a

well

outreach.As

cross

as

the

a

pollination

community

population

of

The proximity to Berklee school

Boston Grow, there is a need for

of music can help create a space to

places that showcase and create

showcase new musicians, provide

culture for entertainment. The site

a space for recording as well of

is located a short walk from public

performance area.

transportation as well as other amenities.

CONTEXT

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PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS Different

types

of

production,

music

venues

around

Boston

area.

Understanding the local typology and deduce what is the most common space for music distribution.

ISABELLA STEWARD GARDNER THEATER

B Y

R E N Z O

PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS

P I A N O

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The 70,000 square-foot addition created by Renzo Piano offers purpose-built spaces for concerts, exhibitions, and classes. Key features include a 300-seat performance hall, an adjustable height special exhibition gallery, a new restaurant, gift shop, landscape classroom, expanded outdoor garden spaces, two artist apartments, conservation labs and a handson art workshop.

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H O U S E

O F

B L U E S

B O S T O N Low-key destination for indie-underground live-music shows & longrunning dance nights. this lauded concert hall books performances from rock bands to stand-up comedy acts. The 240-capacity Allston bar is an unofficial feeder for larger clubs like the Middle East and the Paradise. The small space has no backstage.

PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS

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The House of Blues is an American chain of live music concert halls and restaurants. Capacity 2500 people, with different levels of seating, and a bar on each level.


BERKLEE PERFORMANCE CENTER B O S T O N

PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS

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The Berklee Performance Center is a 1,215-seat theater located on Massachusetts Ave. in the Back Bay area of Boston, Massachusetts. It is the largest theater space on the Berklee College of Music campus and is used primarily for collegeaffiliated activities


GILLETTE STADIUM FOXBOROUGH, MASSACHUSETTS Gillette Stadium is a  stadium  in the  northeastern  United States, located in 

Foxborough,

downtown

Massachusetts,

Boston

and

28

twenty

miles miles

(45 (32 

km)

southwest

of

km)

northeast

of

downtown Providence, Rhode Island. It opened 17  years ago in  2002, replacing the adjacent Foxborough Stadium. The seating capacity is 65,878, including 5,876 club seats and 89 luxury suites.

PRECEDENTS ANALYSIS

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The Town of Foxborough approved plans for the stadium's construction on December 6, 1999, and work on the stadium began on March 24, 2000. Gillette Stadium is accessible by rail via the Providence/Stoughton and Franklin lines at the Foxboro MBTA station, but only during Patriots games and some concerts.


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APPROACH TO DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT “The design and development of a

we

building for the performing arts

stadium with a capacity for 65,000

developers itself by analyzing the

people for this event. The medium

intentions, interests, and zones of

building

the proposed building. There are

performance area for a normal

also more issues to be resolved:

artist who can perform in the TD

regulations,

garden with a capacity of 20,000

standards

or

even

can

consider

is

the

the

Gillette

perfect

economic constraints.”  

people.

The size of the building for the

The

performance

changes

considered as a bar in which a

depending on different sizes of

beginner in the industry could

categories. There are three sizes of

start his/her presentations. These

building

areas:

spaces usually have an average of

small

20 seats.The spectators, artists and

buildings. In the large building, an

staff are necessary to create a

artist with a high reputation as

balanced building design.

Large,

arts

performance medium

and

small

building

Madonna will perform.

APPROACH

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could

be


“The

building

design

can

be

developed in response to those detailed

requirements

by

the

architect and other consultants, and documentation prepared for its

eventual

construction

and

client occupation. Those involved in the design and development process – the main participants – are the client and the users of the proposed building; the architect and other members of

the

design

professional

team

as

consultants;

the the

client’s advisers; authorities such as planning, building regulations, licensing and fire; and funding organizations.”

APPROACH

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FIRST SITE 300 1st Ave, Charlestown, MA 02129

Parcels FY2019 Parcel ID: 0203517900 Address: SIXTEENTH ST, 02129 Owner: PARTNERS HEALTHCARE SYSTEM Land Use: E Lot Size:  114,823.00 sq ft Living Area: 0.00 sq ft Total Value: $7,400,300.00    Land Value: $7,400,300.00    Building Value: $0.00 Gross Tax: $0.00

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SECOND SITE 28 - 70 NORTHERN AV, 02110

Parcels FY2019 Parcel ID: 0602671025 Address: 28 - 70 NORTHERN AV, 02110 Owner: FAN PIER DEVELOPMENT LLC Land Use: C Lot Size:  357,932.00 sq ft Living Area: 1,311.00 sq ft

Total Value: $4,504,500.00    Land Value: $3,317,000.00    Building Value: $1,187,500.00 Gross Tax: $112,612.50

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THIRD SITE 1019-1059 Boylston St

Parcels FY2019 Parcel ID: 0503043000 Address: BOYLSTON ST, 02115 Owner: MASS TURNPIKE AUTHORITY Land Use: E Lot Size:  25,830.00 sq ft

Living Area: 0.00 sq ft

Total Value: $4,173,100.00    

Land Value: $4,173,100.00   Building Value: $0.00 Gross Tax: $0.00

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INTERVIEW The following interview help our group research and understand the function and process for this building category.We interviewed Wilson Butler Architects. Architecture firm in Boston, Massachusetts 1.

Does

between

it

exist

square

a

relation

footage

and

seat capacity?

larger lobby, toilet rooms, food & beverage

stations,

VIP/Donor

lounges, etc. A good rule of thumb to use throughout these types of

If you mean quantity of seats,

facilities is a Net to Gross SF of

absolutely.

1:1.5+.

More

seats,

more

required SF. The same holds true if your are talking about seat size,

3.

which BTW is increasing as is the

construction cost per square

girth

foot?

of

Widths

of

audience

members.

seats

usually

are

A1-A2

has

an

average

a

combination of between 20”-24”

See Answer #7

wide and are a direct relation to layout and sight-lines.

4. Do you make a relationship between

2. If yes, when you relate the

seat

capacity

and

profit for the clients?

square footage per person, is by the entire construction area or

The quantity of seats has direct

just the seating area?

bearing upon the types of acts that a venue will attract. A touring

As seating numbers increase, so do

Broadway show usually will only

all

front-of-house

play in a house of a 1000+ seats,

(public/patron areas, vs back-of-

while the local symphony may

house which are performance and

need 500, and a pop act 3000.

performer support spaces)

Research needs to be conducted to

of

the

determine the best sized venue that a community can support.

APPROACH

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his research is often conducted by an

Alabama to build, and a symphony

Arts

hall is more expensive than an

Consultant

such

as

AMS

(https://www.ams-online.com/).

experimental black box. Costs per

They will also help in developing the

SF can easily range from $500 to

operating budget – See #5 & 8 below.

more than $1000/SF.

5,

How

do

you

provide

the

maintenance cost?

8. Do you know how many days of the year it has to be open to make

Instead of considering just maintenance,

a

profit

or

not

lose

money?

you need to consider all operating costs (administrative employees, production

Generally

staff, marketing and advertising costs,

arts centers are typically run by

costs for performers/talent, etc.) and this

not-for-profit

all needs to be taken into consideration

therefore often not big (if any)

when developing the operating budget.

profit centers. This is the reason these

speaking,

performing

organizations

are

and

arts

groups

always

Answers to #4 above and #8 below

canvassing

donors,

also have direct bearing upon this

events, and trying to sell season

budget.

subscriptions to guarantee ticket

fundraising

sales. The goal is to minimize the 6. What factors do you consider to

number of nights that the venue is

create your time-scale?

“dark”, but to have 200 nights of performances is usually a target.

No Response

Other ways to generate income for the facilities is to rent out the

7. What the square per foot cost for

spaces

to

other

a space like this?

groups

or

for

weddings Greatly depends on the types of

fledgling

events

and

arts

such

as

corporate

gatherings.

performance spaces and the location of

the

project.

Massachusetts

certainly more expensive than

APPROACH

is

Keep

this

in

mind

developing your program.

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when


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DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT The initial aim is to provide a performance hall, the

public,

technicians,

it requires performers,

management

This includes initial research to establish

whether

there

is

a

demand in the particular locality,

and

identification of the users to be

production staff, as well as the

accommodated, location and site

technical

characteristics,

necessities,

and

all

management

need to be integrated into the

building,

building

viability,including

design,

appropriate

visual

consequently, becomes intense

a

while

image.

the of

financial sources

of

can

be

funds.

building

backdrop

activity

an

and

of

to

the

staging

a

User

requirements

extracted and assessed in detail in

performance in the community.

the

With the support facilities, the

brief, as the written description of

design

the eventual building, once the

functionally

links

the

public, performers, technicians

form

of

a

comprehensive

feasibility is established.

and management. Before detailed design can be progressed, the proposal needs to be established, tested and assessed as a feasibility study. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

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CLIENT ORGANIZATION Client Organization is especially

Local government and educational

the case once it is necessary to

institutions are clients within the

employ consultants and project

public

staff, purchase a site or building

organizations already constituted.

and

be

involved

in

be

formally,

will

be

part

of

other

expenditure. So that it is required to

sector,

and

independent of the public sector

constituted.Commercial

will be considered as a limited

organization, private trusts and

company with charitable status for

voluntary organizations are clients

the building project during its

within the private sector that have

design and development, and also

the opportunity of becoming a

when up and running.Â

properly

legally

The formation of private trust,

company limited by guarantee. This format is regulated by the Companies Act, and prohibits the company

from

shareholders

and

having distributing

profits to its members. Also,

for

non-profit

making

organizations, for example, The Charity Commission in England, the question of charitable status should be considered. It provides information on the method of applying for registration.

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

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REASON FOR BUILDING Clients considering one (or more)

festival that requires a temporary

of the following initial reasons for

facility.

a

building

project.

The

client

requires to fully explore the reality

Seen

of development coveringdemand,

development opportunity and reuse

resources, finance and time-scale,

it.

vacant

building

as

a

and thereasons for embarking on a building

project

need

tobe

Contributing

to

the

assessed no matter what the initial

development of local economy

reason is:

/

community

/

culture,

or

tourist / conference policy. Existing theater or music venue seeking

a

more

adequate

building due to changes in their programme

use,

Increase income, reduce running costs.

management

objectives, building appearance,

Retention, conservation, restoration or

funding method or technical

revitalization of an existing building

and physical standards.

for the performance.

Existing theater or music venue seeking a new facility due to relocation. Identification of a gap within a regional pattern of provision, requiring a new facilityone-off or annual event, such as a music

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

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ARTISTIC OBJECTIVE Type and scale of production: The

new works, experimental formats or

client

performances following local, national

needs

to

recognize

the

primary functions and the priority

or ethnic traditions.

of use. Type of company: Establish if the Establish if the performance is/are

performers, as members of a resident

to be 5-people band, 15-people

company or visiting companies, are:Â

band or 50-people orchestra. - amateur and/or professional. Several scales of performances may

- restricted to location or parent

be hosted in the same space but

institution or restricted to particular

they are restrictions on the level of

social groups (ethnic, people with

adaptation.

disabilities, youth)

Operational category: Establish if

Pattern of use: Establish if the building

the

is to be open seasonally (summer

building

house

a

resident

company which initiates its own

only),

performance only, to host touring

(occasional use of an auditorium for

companies

performance), or for a one-off event.

only,

or

the

continuously,

intermittently

combination of both. Programme selection: Establish if the program of performance is, not subject to any restrictions or policy, or to concentrate on a particular policy

such

as

presenting

established classics,

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

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BUILDING OBJECTIVE Following possibilities to consider: Whether to construct a new building, reuse an existing building, convert or extend an existing building more effective by adaptation. The facility is outdoor or indoor, permanent or temporary Whether the building needs to be developed in phases or not level of flexibility required and allowance for future change Standards of interior and environments such as lighting, heating, ventilations and other services. Develop connections with other functions within the area.

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COMMUNITY AND POLITICAL SUPPORT It is essential for the success of a

The designed may have to propose

building throughout the various stages

that it is to serve, potential funding

of the design and development to

organizations and decision-makers of

have local community and political

the return on investment of money

support. The clients should consider

and possibly time.

the

following

background

information to proposal: To help establish how the design would contribute to the local social, holding

discussions

with

local

business, commercial and political interests as well as officials in local government

and

other

active

within the community. Exchange

ideas

and

heighten

interest with local community or members organization

of

the by

parent running

workshops. Justify the need of building would be whether for cultural, economic, educational,

quality

of

life,

regeneration, cultural democracy.

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

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SPECIFIC STUDIES SITE JUSTIFICATIONS By selecting the in Boylston Street,

This building to being placed in

02115,

ID

the Metropolitan Area. Will be a

0503043000 being part of the

competition with the commercial

district of Boston and the Zoning

activity

SubDistrict

B-8-120a,

property value. The location has

subdistrict

Type

with

the

Parcel

of

with

the

General

Business.Â

and

functional

will

increase

surrounding

the

linkages

that gives the opportunity to the users to do some other activities

This site is in appropriate position

after a visit to a performance:

to attach the anticipated visitors a Music Venue. Safely and Easily

Restaurants

accessible

Car Parking

by

being

in

the

intersection of Boylston Street and

Public Transportation

Mass Avenue in the city of Boston,

Conference Facilities

and placed less than a hundred

Tourist Attractions

feet from the Hynes Convention

Places of Higher Education

Center T Station hosting the B, C

Hotels

and D Green Line trains, and also

Residential Areas.

the 55 and 01 bus stops. Using this public

transport

available

after

evening performances.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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SITE DESCRIPTION SITE DESCRIPTIONS Parcel ID: 0503043000 Address: BOYLSTON ST BOSTON MA 02115 Property Type: Exempt Classification Code: 0985 (Exempt Property Type / OTHER EXEMPT BLDG) Lot Size: 25,830 sq ft Gross Area: 0 sq ft Year Built: 0 Owner on Tuesday, January 1, 2019: MASS TURNPIKE AUTHORITY Owner's Mailing Address: BOYLSTON BOSTON MA 02116 Residential Exemption: No Personal Exemption: No Value/Tax Assessment as of Monday, January 1, 2018, statutory lien date. FY2019 Building value: $77,500.00 FY2019 Land Value: $4,095,600.00 FY2019 Total Assessed Value: $4,173,100.00 FY2019 Tax Rates (per thousand): - Residential: $10.54 - Commercial: $25.00 Source: Cityofboston.org

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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POPULATION DATA DIVERSITY Boston, MA is home to a population of 683k people, from which 85.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.8% of Boston, MA residents were born outside of the country (190k people).

Race and Ethnicity Most Common White Alone - 300k ± 4.39k Black or African American Alone - 158k ± 3.81k Hispanic or Latino - 139k ± 10.5k In 2017, there were 1.9 times more White Alone residents (300k people) in Boston, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 158k Black or African American Alone and 139k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups. The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Boston, MA as a share of the total population.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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The ethnic composition of the population of Boston, MA is composed of 300k White Alone residents (43.9%), 158k Black or African American Alone residents (23.1%), 139k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.4%), 66.1k Asian Alone residents (9.67%), 12.9k Two or More Races residents (1.89%), 4.67k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.684%), 1.65k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.241%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%). The most common foreign languages spoken in Boston, MA are Spanish (111,192 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (27,253 speakers).

Age In 2017, the median age of all people in Boston, MA was 32.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Boston, MA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Boston, MA residents was 32.

Wage Distribution The closest comparable wage GINI for Boston, MA is from Massachusetts. 0.484 - 2017 WAGE GINI 0.48 - 2016 WAGE GINI

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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In 2017, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.484 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.775% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The 2017 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average. This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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Employment by Industries 382k - 2017 VALUE Âą 10,624 3.49% - 1 YEAR GROWTH Âą 3.76% From 2016 to 2017, employment in Boston, MA grew at a rate of 3.49%, from 369k employees to 382k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Boston, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (70,056 people), Educational Services (49,769 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (48,602 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Boston, MA, though some of these residents may live in Boston, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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LINKAGES OF THE SITE The next three diagrams show the distance (travel time) from15 minutes by driving,

walking,

biking,

public

transportation to the site.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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SPECIFIC STUDIES

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SITE CONTEXT buildings for the performing arts, especially at the city scale, are part of large functional groupings of conference, tourism and education as well as linkages associated with a visit to a performance and local services.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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SITE CONCEPT Overall relationships between functions. (c) Buildings for opera, musicals, dance and drama, with their own production facilities. The orchestra pit and musicians’ spaces may not be applicable if for drama only.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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COST ESTIMATE ANALYSIS

25,830 sq ft @ $1,000/GSF

A. Building Cost: 25,830,000 B. Fixed Equipment: 2,066,400 C. Site Development: 3,874,500

D = A+ B + C = Total Construction: 31,770,900 E. Site Acquisition/Demolition : 4,000,000 F. Movable Equipment: 2,066,400 G. Professional Fees: 1,906,254 H. Contingencies: 3,177,090 J. Administrative Cost: 317,704

K = D + ( E through J ) Total Budget Required:$ 43,238,348

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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Contingencies 7.3% Professional Fees 4.4% Movable Equipment 4.8%

Site Acquisition 9.3%

Total Construction 73.5%

Total Budget Required:$ 43,238,348

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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CODE REPORT IBC CHAPTER 3. USE AND OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION GROUP A-1 -

Symphony and concert halls

-

Theaters

GROUP B -

Dining facilities

CHAPTER 4. SPECIAL DETAILED REQUIREMENTS -

Open space

-

Food Court

-

Smoke proof enclosure

-

Emergency escape and rescue

-

Stages

CHAPTER 5. GENERAL BUILDING HEIGHTS AND AREAS -

65 ft height limit according to table 504.4

CHAPTER 6. TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION -

Type IV Heavy Timber

CHAPTER 7. FIRE AND SMOKE PROTECTION FEATURES -

Supplemental features

-

Automatic sprinklers

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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BIBLIOGRAPHY Appleton, Ian. Buildings for the Performing Arts: A Design and Development Guide, 2008. “Assessing Online.” City of Boston. Accessed December 4, 2019. https://www.cityofboston.gov/assessing/sear ch/. “Boston, MA.” Data USA. Accessed December 4, 2019. https://datausa.io/profile/geo/bostonma/#education. http://theatreprojects.com/files/pdf/Resourc es_IdeasInfo_typesandformsoftheatre.pdf Three Types of Audience Analysis. Accessed December 4, 2019. https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_standup-speak-out-the-practice-and-ethics-ofpublic-speaking/s08-02-three-types-ofaudience-analys.html. “Architecture for Arts and Entertainment.” Wilson Butler Architects. Accessed December 4, 2019. http://www.wilsonbutler.com/.

SPECIFIC STUDIES

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PROGRAMMING HUMAN FACTORS AND CODES BOSTON ARCHITECTURAL COLLEGE TSM2019 - FALL/2019 HENGYUE WANG - 100103956 RICARDO ESCOBAR - 100105644 JOSE MALAGON - 100104831 ALLAN DIAZ - 100081183

MUSIC VENUE THEATER PROGRAMMING STRATEGIES

MASS TURNPIKE AUTHORITY BOYLSTON ST, 02115 Boston, MA

Profile for Ricardo César Escobar

Music Venue  

Boston Architectural College

Music Venue  

Boston Architectural College

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