THE KEY SUCCESS FACTORS OF SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES Successful new communities have access to transport, offer services such as nurseries, schools and primary healthcare, include green spaces and well-planned public areas, provide shops, leisure services and community facilities, and can be integrated with existing local neighbourhoods.98 The Commission has not re-visited the work that underpins this broad agreement.99 Instead, we have examined some practical issues which seem to determine the success or failure of local development efforts. The Commission believes that new communities have the best chance of succeeding if there is: • Long-term commitment to the new community • Early engagement of the public authorities • Involvement of the existing local community from the outset of the planning process • Early provision of community facilities and basic infrastructure • The chance for residents to shape the community in which they will be living • Diversity of tenure.
Long-term Commitment The evidence shows sustained, strong leadership of a new development can help promote successful new communities. “Long-term stewardship”103 and the need for a development leader to drive through high-quality large-scale developments was a theme running through our inquiry.
“For children and young people, the imperative is for somewhere to play, meet up and hang out; important facilitators of their communal learning and social development… This makes the possibility of creative activity within the neighbourhood and ready pedestrian access from the neighbourhood particularly important.”102 Joseph Rowntree Foundation
98_ Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods, M. Carley, N. Falk and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2012 99_ Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods, M. Carley, N. Falk and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2012 100_ Quoted in JRF evidence submission with reference to Low Income Neighbourhoods in Britain: the gap between policy ideas and residents’ realities, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Batty, E., Cole, I. and Green, S. 2011 101_ Quoted in JRF evidence submission with reference to The Social Value of Public Spaces, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Worpole, K. and Knox, K. 2007 102_ Quoted in JRF evidence submission with reference to A Child’s Eye View of Social Difference, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Sutton, L., Smith, N., Dearden, C., and Middleton, S. 2007 103_ Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods, M. Carley, N. Falk and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2012
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